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A HISTORY OF THE EARLY BROBST/PROBST
FAMILIES IN PENNSYLVANIA
and Table of Contents to The Brobst Chronicles
One - The Early Swiss/German Probsts
Two - The History Of The German Immigration To America
Three - The Struggles of the Settlers
Four - The Early American Pennsylvania Brobsts
Chapter Five - Children of Philipp Jacob Probst
Chapter Six - The Other Children of Philipp Jacob Probst
Chapter Seven: The Other Children of Christophel Probst
Chapter Eight: Other Interesting Brobstology Intermarriages
CHILDREN OF PHILIPP JACOB PROBST
Philip Jacob and his brother Johann Michael both settled in what is now
called Kistler Valley, lying along Kistler Creek, between Lynn Township
(Northampton/Lehigh County) and Albany Township (Berks County). They and
their families lived within a couple of miles of the county line, Philipp
Jacob in Berks and Johann Michael in Lehigh. They all attended the Brobst’s
Jerusalem (Red Door) Church in Stony Run, Albany Township, just a mile
from the county line. That's where most of their children were baptized,
although they were more likely to have been born in their mother's bed
on the farm.
Kistler Creek wanders down (southwestward) a little valley (Kistler Valley)
from east of Lynntown in Lynn Township, Lehigh County, toward the Maiden
Creek west of Kempton, Albany Township, Berks County. So it crosses the
Lehigh/Berks county line. Part of it is in Lehigh, part in Berks. Philipp
Jacob Probst and his family lived in Kistler Valley in Albany Twp; their
house was next to Kistler Creek. Many of the Kistler families lived farther
east along Kistler Creek, in Lynn Township, as did some of the later Brobst
families. To make things confusing, the Jerusalem "Red" Church,
which had many members from both the Kistler and Brobst/Probst families,
is in Albany Twp, lying right along the Berks/Lehigh border. In fact,
the county line passes through the back corner of the cemetery! So the
births and baptisms of many Kistler and Brobst babies born in Lynn Twp
were recorded in Albany Twp! And some of the Albany Twp Brobsts and Kistlers
attended the Lutheran church in Lynntown, Lynn Twp, with the same confusing
result. So the church records don't indicate where the parents lived,
only where the baby was baptized.
It is noted that although there were ample Probsts and Brobst in Albany
Township in 1757, there was probably none in 1907, 150 years later. The
Albany Township school records showed no Brobsts in school that year.
Following is the account of Philipp Jacob's
and C'erine's seven children.
Their three sons -- Johann (Jean) Michael (1721), Johann
(Jean) Martin (1726), and Johann (Jean) Valentine (1724) -- lived with
their parents in the old Probst farmstead at Fetherolffsville, 1½ miles
east of Kempton, less than a mile from the Jerusalem Church. Later, they
owned adjacent property in Berks and Lehigh County, and were listed on
the tax rolls for Berks County for 1752 and 1759.
The property deeds usually listed the name as "Probst", but
the signatures were all "Brobst." All of the Brobsts discussed
in this report are connected to those three brothers and their first cousins
(children of Johann Michael Probst), and their descendants.
The farmsite is located just about a mile northwest of the Jerusalem
"Red" Church in Stony Run, in what was back then called Fetherolfsville.
It lies just north of Kistler Creek, at the intersection of Kistler Valley
Road and Old Philly Pike. The bridge is still called Fetherolfsville Bridge
on county maps. The original log house is gone, but the stone house which
replaced it (probably after he died) is still there. The stone house was
built in the late 1700s and modified and expanded in recent years, and
is currently occupied by Jos. Freeman & family. Martin's Grist Mill
was just across the street, also on the north side of Kistler Creek, but
is no longer there; it was located in what is now just a grove of trees.
The house left Brobst hands probably in the early 1800s. Interestingly,
the front walkway is made of the millstones from Martin Probst's Mill
which was across the street.
1. (Jean) Michael Probst.
(Note: Throughout this report, I refer to this Michael
as "(Jean) Michael" to reflect his French citizenship. In French,
“Jean” equates to the German “Johann”. He was born in Alsace, France,
of German parents, but (Jean) Michael was himself a French citizen when
he came to America (as were the other members of his family). This also
will help to distinguish (Jean) Michael, son of Philipp Jacob, from Johann
Michael, younger brother of Philipp Jacob. Similarly, I refer to (Jean)
Valentine and (Jean) Martin, to distinguish them from the many other Valentines
(Jean) Michael was only 12 years old when his family arrived in America
in 1732. At the age of 21, he married Margaret Shadt (daughter of Henry
and Susanna Shadt) and had one son, Heinrich (1745).
(Note: that previous reports that Margaret's
surname was Shade were in error,
although it is also noted that there were many families names "Shade"
in that area of Pennsylvania a couple of generations later. Also, the
name might have been “Schadt”. The name may have become Americanized to
According to Mormon Church records, Margaret died in
1745 in childbirth with Heinrich. (Jean) Michael began searching for another
mate. In 1746, he married Maria Elizabeth Albrecht (Albright), daughter
of Johan J. and Magdalena Albrecht. A year later, when his father became
quite sick, he took over management of the family farm. They had ten
children are well documented: Martin (1747), Johannes F. (ca 1750), Michael
(1751), Jacob F., Anna Catharina, Eva Rosina (two of them; both died young),
Anna Maria Barbara (1756), Valentine (1764), and Christian (1767).
On May 3, 1749, (Jean) Michael was granted 50 acres of his own land in
Albany Township, Berks County, just a mile northeast of his father's farm
where his two brothers also lived. In 1766 he acquired 100 more acres
in Brunswick Township, Berks County, added to in 1769 with 40 more acres.
There is a report that Lt. Col. Michael Brobst served with General Stanwix
in 1758-1759 against the Indians on the Pennsylvania frontier. However,
that Michael was actually Michael Bobst (1739-1836), son of the immigrant
Hans Heinrich Pabst, and not related to the Brobst/Probst families.
(Jean) Michael was for some years the tax collector
in Albany Township.
He became naturalized in Philadelphia in 1761, having walked all the way
there and back (over 50 miles each way) with his brother (Jean) Valentine
and his neighbor/friend "Jurg" Kistler. He was a farmer and
a miller, and was a veteran of the Revolutionary War.
Elizabeth Albrecht must have had a difficult pregnancy with Christian,
for she died just a couple of months after his birth in September 1767.
After her death, (Jean) Michael married a third time to Margaretha Friesz,
a newly-widowed neighbor, and had one child (George Michael) by her.
Interestingly, the family bible of his son Christian stated "Beloved
parents of mine had 18 children all baptized and ordained members of the
Lutheran Church except two girls who died young and mother died in Sept.
1767 Psalm 190 and father died in 1769." Since his son George Michael
was born in 1771, that death date is obviously in error, and has been
since shown so. Also, the records show only twelve children; the births
of the six other children alluded to by Christian have not been found
in the records.
(Jean) Michael remained on his farm in Albany Township, Berks County,
until he died in 1771 at the age of 50. He left no will, and his brother
(Jean) Valentine (1724) and a friend, Andreas Hagenbuch, were named as
his administrators. Orphan Court records note the names of this widow,
Margaretha, and ten children of whom only three were adults (George Henry,
Martin, and John). His youngest, George Michael, was born four weeks
after his father's death.
After (Jean) Michael's death on Aug 1, 1771, his widow Margaretha married
Frederick Senztel of Reading, and took her son George Michael with her
into that marriage.
Johan Heinrich (1744), (Jean) Michael's son by his first wife, and a
yeoman, was one of the executors of his Uncle Valentine's (1764) estate.
He lived in Lower Macungie Township, Lehigh County. He had one son, Henry
(1770) by his first wife, Margaretha Barnhill; Henry married Sally Fogel.
In his second marriage to Catharina Siegfried, he probably adopted her
daughter by a previous marriage, Catharina, and they had two children
of their own. He was a Revolutionary War veteran, and served in the Continental
Line. Little has been revealed of his descendants.
In 1770, Martin (1747), (Jean) Michael's first child by his second wife,
married his stepsister, Anna Maria Friesz, daughter of his father's third
wife, and lived in Kistler Valley in Lehigh County as a life-long farmer
and tavern-keeper. He lived on his father's farm at Fetherolffsville,
and took over that farm when his father died in 1771. He was a Revolutionary
Martin and Maria had at least three children -- Johannes F. (1778), Christian
(1782), and Anna Maria Elizabeth (1784). Johannes F. became a farmer
in Steinsville, near the Brobst Gristmill on Ontelaunee Creek in Berks
County; after his death, his son Jacob F. and later his grandson Benjamin
took over the Steinsville farm. His great-grandson, Rev. Samuel Kistler
Brobst, was the author of a German songbook and was a cofounder of Mühlenberg
College in Allentown. Christian had a nearby farm. Anna Maria Elizabeth
married Johan George Bobst (not Brobst); their son Christian Bobst
became a civic leader and judge in the Nebraska Territory. This was the
only recorded marriage between a Brobst and a Bobst.
In 1786, Martin was licensed to operate a tavern in Lynn Township, near
Steinsville. His son, Johannes F., took over the tavern in 1815. Martin
died around 1806; Johannes F. administered his estate.
In 1770, (Jean) Michael's son Johannes F. (John) (1750), (a reputed "hard
drinker") married Anna Barbara Stambach (1748), daughter of Johann
Philipp Stambach (1720) and Anna Maria Christina Kuntz (1727). (One
record shows his name as Johannes Martin, rather than Johannes F., but
that does not seem correct. It is also not certain that his middle name
began with “F”.) Johann Philipp Stambach arrived in America in 1739
on the ship "Friendship". Six years later Johann Philipp married
It is noted that one Swiss correspondent believes that the Stambach family
originated in Switzerland, under the name “Stammbaum”.
The records show twelve children of this marriage:
Catharina (1772), Martin (1773), Anna Elizabeth (1775),
Maria (~1777), Johannes Jr. (~1778), Johan Peter (1779), Ferdinandes (1781),
Johan Jacob (1783), Maria Christina (1784), Christian (1785), Maria Elisabetha
(1787), Margaretha Elisabetha (1789), and Rebecca (1792). All of the
children were probably born in Lynn Township, Northampton (now Lehigh)
County, where the family farm was located, just a short distance from
Philipp Jacob’s farmstead. Except for Maria (1777) and Johannes, Jr.
(1778), all of them were baptized in the Jerusalem (Red) Church in Stony
Run; Maria's and John Jr.'s baptismal data is missing, and their birth
year is estimated from their position in the sequence of children (as
shown in Johannes' will). It is noted that there was no regular pastor
at the Jerusalem Church in 1777 and 1778.
Note: The term "Junior" doesn't always mean
that the male bearing that title is actually the son of the implied "Senior".
It was often used just to denote the younger of two males having the same
first name, more as a means of avoiding confusion rather than implying
a father-son relationship.
Johannes F., like most of the Brobsts, was a farmer, living first on
his father's farm, and then on his own, nearby to his father, the Kistlers,
and the Eckenrodes. But he also operated the Brobst Grist Mill and the
Union Forges with his brother, Michael. In the baptism record of his
daughter Rebecca, he is referred to as "Prof. Probst"; the significance
of that title is not known, but its legitimacy seems doubtful! Elsewhere,
he is referred to as “Johannes Probst, Esq.”; that title, too, seems questionable.
He established his family farm in Lynn Township, Northampton County,
and Albany Township, Berks County, with the county line running through
the farm. It was close to his father's farm, and only a mile from the
Jerusalem (Red) Church in Stony Run, Albany Township. His children were
born on the family farm, but were baptized in the Jerusalem Church in
Berks County, thereby confusing the county of place of birth with the
county of place of baptism. It is noted on an 1876 map of Albany Township
that Jacob Leipensberger had taken over the Albany Township portion of
Johannes F. did not serve in the militia in the Revolutionary War. He
was a life-long farmer and remained on the family farm until he died in
1792 at the young age of 42. His will parceled out his farm to his sons
Martin and Johannes Jr.; Martin was 19 and Johannes Jr. was 15. But the
farm was to become Martin's; little is known of Martin's wife and family.
Johannes, Jr., was the g’g’g’grandfather of the author of this report.
Maria Catharina (1772-1814) married Samuel Kistler, son of Michael and
Magdalena (Mantz) Kistler. They had a son Jacob, but nothing is known
about their descendants.
In 1792, after his father died, Martin (1773) took over the family farm.
He was only 19, and so could not own the farm, so his mother retained
ownership. But Martin, along with his younger brother Johannes Jr (~1778),
ran the farm. Not much is known of him. His wife was Elisabeth, but her
parentage is not known. They had at least one daughter, Diana Christina,
of whom nothing more is known.
Johannes (John), Jr. (1778), born just after the end of the Revolutionary
War, married Susanna Follweiler, daughter of Bernhard Vollweiler, in January
1798 in Lehigh County. His brother, Martin, had already taken control
of the family farm, so John had to head out to fend for himself. They
may have lived on his brother’s farm there until about 1807, when they
moved into the Schuylkill/Northumberland County area. According to his
hand-inscribed (in German, of course) family Bible, they were the parents
of eight children from 1800 to 1812: Jacob, John, Reuben Catharina, Jacob
I., Daniel, Lydia, and Obadiah. (Note: Obadiah was the author’s g’g’grandfather.
The bible is in the hands of one of the descendants of Anna Taylor, a
daughter of Susanna Follweiler Brobst by her second husband.)
Johannes, Jr., died in Shamokin, Northumberland County, in the spring
of 1813, just six months after Obadiah’s birth. Susanna remarried two
years later to Benjamin Taylor, and had five more children — Anna, George,
James, Henry, and Susanna — then they moved to Warren, Trumbull County,
Ohio, in the late 1820s. At least six of the children from both marriages
— John, Reuben, Jacob, Obadiah, Anna, and George — all lived most of their
adult years in Mahoning and Trumbull Counties, Ohio. The first Jacob died
as an infant; Lydia lived in Crawford and Mercer Counties, Pennsylvania,
with her husband Christian Fürst, Jr.; and the fate of Catharina and Daniel
is unknown. Obadiah, g'g'grandfather of the author, was in Crawford County,
western Pennsylvania, with his wife, Mary Anna (nee Fürst) in the 1840
census, and later moved to Mahoning Co, Ohio, to be with his brothers
John, Reuben, and Jacob.
Johannes, Jr., had been very hard to trace; some Brobst descendants had
searched for decades trying to track down his family. There were (and
still are) so many Johannes (John) Brobsts for whom no family relationships
have yet been found. John was the most common male name in the Brobst
family (Mary was the most common female name). The family Bible, just
discovered fortuitously in 1998 in a library in Warren, Ohio, was the
Elisabeth, Maria, and Ferdinand
Anna Elisabeth (1775), disappeared from the records very early in her
life, but probably died before 1787.
There is a report that Maria (~1777) married somebody and moved to Washington
County, Maryland, but that has not been verified.
Ferdinand (1781) also disappeared early in his life. He may have died
young, or left Pennsylvania young, for the Pennsylvania census records
from 1790 on never mentioned him as head of a household. He is not buried
at the Jerusalem (Red) Church in Stony Run. He just vanished, and probably
died young, before 1787.
None of the three of them was mentioned in their father’s will.
Johan Peter, Johan Jacob, and Maria Christina
In 1803, Johan Peter (1779) died, leaving his wife, Catharina (nee Glück)
and their daughter, Salome. The next year, Peter's younger brother, Johan
Jacob (1783), a tailor, married Catharina! In 1807, Johan Jacob and his
family moved to Troy (Marcy), Bloom Township, Fairfield County, Ohio,
northeast of Columbus, where they continued farming with their nine children.
Johan Jacob's son David operated the Brobst Store and Post Office in Marcy
during the 1800s; after he died, his wife Cecelia (Dove) operated the
store until nearly 1930! David had 22 children! Many other Glick family
members lived there as well.
His sister, Maria Christina (1784), and her husband George Teagarten,
joined them there. She and George had five children. They lived in both
Fairfield and Pickaway County, Ohio. After George died in 1812, she married
Johannes Billman, but died only two years later.
Christian (1785) married Sally Zoll, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth
(Merckel) Zoll. He was first a harnessmaker, and for a time lived and
worked in Orwigsburg, Schuylkill County, PA, where he was an owner of
business property. He then moved to Pottsville, and built a stone house
on the corner of Centre St. and West Norwegian Road. Christian became
a mover and shaker in local politics, including serving a term as Schuylkill
County Commissioner in Orwigsburg. He owned a large estate of land. He
served in the war of 1812. Their daughter, Catharina, was married to
a postal mail carrier in Minnesota who froze to death one night carrying
the mail. His son, Benneville, drowned in a canal near Pottsville while
a young man. Another son, Caspar, was a saddler by trade, and operated
a boarding stable for horses.
Maria Elisabetha (1787) married Andreas Wertman, son of Jacob and Anna
Maria Barbara (nee Steinbruch) Wertman, beginning one of several long
relationships between the Wertman and Brobst families. They lived in
New Tripoli, Lehigh Co; their children married into the Mosser, Kistler,
and Mantz families.
Margaretha (1789) married Johannes Heinrich Billman (1792-1869), son
of Johannes and Elizabeth (Brobst) Billman. They lived in Schuylkill County,
Pennsylvania. Nothing is known of their children.
Michael and Magdalena (nee Everett), farmers and millers, lived first
in Berks County, then in Northampton County. They had eleven children:
George Michael, Valentine, Johannes Jacob, Magdalena, Mathias, Maria Catherina,
Gotfried, Catherina, Susannah, Elizabeth, and Maria.
In 1775, he purchased 783 acres of land in Berks and Northampton Counties.
He was then one of the major landowners in Berks County, with over 1000
acres. Michael and his brother Johannes F. operated the Brobst Grist
Mill and the Union Forges. Michael served first as a major and then a
LtCol, Northampton County Militia, in the Army of the Revolution. Using
flour from Michael's and John's grist mill, his family provided bread
to George Washington's army!
Their son, Valentine, served as Justice
of the Peace for Tulphehocken Township, PA, for 30 years. George Michael
inherited the Union Forges; his grandsons, John and Solomon, operated
a tannery in the Borough of Turbotville, Northumberland County. For reasons unknown, Michael
disinherited his son Johannes Jacob who later moved to Maryland and operated
the "Mary Ann" furnace and forge there; this is the John Jacob mentioned
in Appendix 1.
Crazy" Jacob F.
Jacob F. married Magdalena Braver (Biever?), and set up farming in Mifflinburg,
Northumberland Co. He was also an innkeeper; his hotel was on the stage
road between Catawissa and Philadelphia. Their children were Philipp,
Catherine, Jacob, and Gotfried.
<>Jacob F. as later referred to as "Crazy Jacob".
He was politician. There was an action taken by the Pennsylvania Legislature
against Jacob, who was then an innkeeper by profession as well as a part-time
politician. Jacob, from Mifflinburg, PA, served as an Assemblyman in the
Pennsylvania Legislature (1816-1817) but he had gone insane, and the Governor
was trying to find some way to gracefully retire him from office! They were
unsuccessful. (Many said he had gone insane before being elected
to office! Others would say that you have to
be insane to run for office in the first place!! It might even be a qualification
for high elected office.)
Philipp changed his last name to "Bobst" (why?), and became
one of the leading hotel keepers in Kutztown. Perhaps Philipp changed
his name to “Bobst” to distance himself from his father! Jacob was a Revolutionary
Anna Maria Catharina
Catharina married Johann Daniel Stambach and had three children: Anna
Maria, Johann Daniel, and Maria Elizabeth. They moved to Catawissa where
they bought land in Shamokin Township, Northumberland County. Her husband
was killed in the Revolutionary War by a cannon shot. Daniel was Obadiah’s
Actually, there were two daughters named Eva Rosina. The first one died
in the year of her birth (1755). As was common then, they named the next
daughter after the deceased infant. However, the second one fared no
better, dying in her birth year (1757).
Anna Maria Barbara
The fate of Barbara is unknown. At one time, it was thought that she
married Peter Friesz, but that record is in error.
Valentine (1764), one of the more interesting and
successful of the Brobsts, married Elizabeth Levi (daughter of David and
Margaretha (nee Eschbach) Levi, who were Jewish, not Lutheran), and had
six children: Christian, Anna Maria, Catharina, Magdalena, Sarah, Margaretha,
and Valentine, Jr. (Note that previous reports of Elizabeth's surname
being Leavy were in error.) There may have also been a Johannes,
but most records are not clear on him. (See Appendix 1 of this report
for details on Valentine.)
Valentine went on to become a rich landowner and hotel proprietor in
the Reading, Pennsylvania, area. He was a Major in the Berks County Militia.
He died in Catawissa, Columbia Co, PA, while visiting his brother Christian.
His estate was disposed of fraudulently in a scandalous affair involving
his daughter (grand-daughter?) “Bertha”; the matter is discussed in Appendix
1. He is buried in Reading, Berks Co, PA.
Many of the earlier published history books about Valentine are wrong,
but at the time they were written (around 1900) the writers knew less
about the Brobsts than we do now; the many Brobst genealogists working
hard in recent years to sort out our ancestors are owed our thanks. Those
county histories stated that Valentine (1764) was the son of the immigrant
Valentine (1724), but that is incorrect.
Valentine's second oldest son, Christian (1787), established the Brobst
House (with Valentine's financial and managerial assistance), a hotel
and inn (The Brobst House) in Rehrersburg, northwest of Reading, discussed
later in this report. The inn may actually have been owned by Valentine;
it most likely was financed by him. That enterprise is discussed later
in this report. He and his wife, Catharine Kreider, had six children.
As a young man, Christian (1767), the brother of Johannes F. and Valentine,
dreamed about building a railroad along the Susquehanna River which flowed
near his home in Berks County. He served as a youth with the Lancaster
County Militia in the Revolutionary War, guarding British prisoners.
Later he was a Captain in the Northumberland Militia in the War of 1812,
and went on to become one of the leading lights of the Brobst family.
On May 17, 1779, he was taken prisoner by the British
and taken to New York City, confined in the notorious Sugar House, from
which he escaped five months later; he swam over the river and joined
his regiment Oct 30, 1779 at Peekskill, Westchester County, NY.
In September 1789, he married Eva Barbara Drumm. While still living
in Berks County, he and Barbara had five children: Maria Catharina,
Elizabeth, Michael, Valentine, and Joseph. In 1795, while Joseph was just
a baby, he moved from Berks County to Catawissa in Northumberland County,
with nothing more than his household goods and carpenter tools. Catawissa
was still frontier country, having been first settled in 1775.
His other children -- Sarah, Christian, Samuel, Solomon, and William
-- were born there. Samuel's daughter, Angeline, is shown in the photograph.
In 1799, he rebuilt an old 1774 grist mill in Catawissa and then built
a new one nearby (see Appendix 12). He became one of the local solid citizens
-- a merchant and a miller. He started the "Catawissa Lutheran Congregation",
and later donated land for St. Johns Lutheran Church and Union Cemetery
in Catawissa, where he and Barbara are buried. He established a solid
relationship with his friends, Daniel and Margaretha Stambach (godparents
of Obadiah Brobst).
Christian started the first fire company in 1827. He served a term in
the state legislature. He was a man of "limited school training,
but ... rare foresight and reasoning power of a high order."
With the help of his young sons, Samuel and Christian
A., he performed the initial crude but effective surveys for the laying
of track for the Catawissa Railroad (later the Philadelphia and Reading
Railroad). His first survey instrument was a bottle partially filled
with water to indicate the level position! Later, he financed the first
railroad bridge over the Susquehanna River at Catawissa. The first train
traveled over that route in 1854; but Christian died five years earlier
so didn't live to realize his dream. His railroad bridge was still in
use as late as 1952!
Christian initiated the first free public school system in America, and
served as the system's first president. His son, Christian A., Jr., also
served as school board president in 1838. His son, Joseph, is credited
for initiating the conversion of the German Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania
from the German language to English. His son, Samuel, was a Catawissa
merchant. His grandson, David, started the well known Bloomsburg Carriage
Works in 1849.
His son Michael Martin was a land agent and merchant in Catawissa; Samuel
was also a merchant there. Samuel's daughter, Angeline, married Major
Francis L. Bowman. Michael's son, Christian Good Brobst, moved to Iowa
before the great and destructive railroad strike took place in Catawissa
Two years after the death of his wife, Christian was badly
injured in a steam explosion on a Susquehanna River boat, and subsequently
died of his injuries in 1849.
George Michael (1771) was the son of (Jean) Michael and his third wife,
Anna Margaretha Friesz, widow of Johan Peter Friesz. George Michael first
married Catharina Linzell, and had seven children: Johann Friederich,
George, Margaretha, Catharina, Jacob, George Michael, Jr., and Heinrich
With his second wife, Anne Lincoln Glasgow, he had three more: Elizabeth,
Catherine, and William.
(Note: By now, you certainly have noticed that the Brobsts kept using
the same first names over and over -- John, Daniel, Michael, Martin, Maria,
Anna, Elisabeth, Catharine, etc. So did the other settlers -- Stambachs,
Kistlers, Kuntzes, etc. There was a pattern to the naming of children,
described in Appendix 3.)
[Back to the Top]
1. Berks County, PA, Deeds, Vol. A-2, p.
187-190, recorded 25 Nov, 1760 *** [return]
2. History of Berks County, Vol 1, page 454 *** [return]
3. Regarding Jean Michael's first wife. Most records
show her surname as Shade, first name unknown. Several records in Pennsylvania
libraries and historical societies show her name as Margaret Shade. The
credibility of that first name is unknown. Dora Kamalu has found proof
that Margaret's surname was Shadt, not Shade. Her parents were Heinrich
(Henry) and Susanna Shadt (or Schadt) of Macungie, Northampton County;
his will clearly identifies Heinrich Probst (1745-1805) as his grandson.
However, the name of Henry's wife (Heinrich's mother) is not given in
the will of 1768; she may have died prior to that, and so led to Jean
Michael seeking a second wife (Maria Elizabeth "Marilis" Albrecht).
It is also noted that in the mid-1800s, a Jacob Shade lived in Berks County;
his name was sometimes spelled Schad. It may be that he comes from the
same family as Margaret Shadt. It may have suffered the fate of many
German names which became Anglicized -- Shade for Shadt. ** [return]
4. Hollenbach, "BROBST FAMILY ...." ** [return]
5. History of Berks County, Vol I, page 454 *** [return]
6. Beat Häfeli, Grossackerstrasse 25, CH‑4566
Halten, Switzerland <firstname.lastname@example.org> [return]
7. Herbert Bell, History of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania,
page 766 ** [return]
8. William A. Brobst, The Brobst Forges and Grist Mills,
1998 ** [return]
9. John Linn, Annals of Buffalo Valley, 1755-1855, 1968
10. For many years, the many descendants of Valentine
have had trouble finding out anything about his wife, Elizabeth Leavy,
a woman of some mystery. After some tedious and detailed work in 1996,
Dora Kamalu found proof of why nobody could learn about Elizabeth. Hold
your hats -- her name wasn't Leavy at all; it was Levi! Elizabeth's
parents were David and Margaretha (nee Eschbach) Levi, of Jewish descent.
The spelling of "Leavy" was obviously based on her real surname,
but whether the change in spelling was accidental or intentional is not
known. There's no history that indicates any anti-Semitism among the early
Brobsts, so it was probably unintentional. Dora Kamalu found the marriage
record of Elizabeth's parents in the files for the Jerusalem Union (Red)
Church in Stony Run, Albany Township, Berks County. That record lists
her mother's surname as Levi. Further, Elizabeth's birth record lists
her father's name, David Levi, as well. David converted to Christianity
from Judaism in 1759. Dora Kamalu has traced Elizabeth's ancestors back
three generations on her mother's side. Dora said she is going to try
to find David Levi's parents, but "it isn't easy to research Jewish
names in that time period." Elizabeth's maternal grandmother was
an Antes. Dora said, "She was a sister to Henry Antes who did much
to establish the Moravian church in Bethlehem (Emmaus), PA, and throughout
Montgomery County, PA. There is much written about him. His father was
Frederick Antes and he brought his family to the New World in the early
1700s." Note the similarity in names between this Antes family and
the surname of Philipp Jacob's wife's sister, Anne Catherine Anthes. [return]
11. Rec. of Bureau of Pensions, Wash. DC, Rev. Muster
Roll of Mass., vol. 53 p.210; vol. 52 p. 195, vol. 9 p.430. [return]
12. History of Columbia and Montour Counties, Pennsylvania,
1887 ** [return]
13. Jeanne B. Roberts and John R. Albright, "The
Birth of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad", A History of Catawissa,
Pennsylvania ** [return]
This page was last updated on Monday, 21-Feb-2011 18:23:44 MST
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