With thanks to William C. Bell for this contribution
The New York Journal & Patriotic Register
Numb. 48, of Vol. XLIV.] Tuesday, August 17, 1790 [Total Numb. 2481
M I S C E L L A N Y
I N D I A N T R E A T Y
The following is a correct Copy of the DEFINITIVE TREATY of PEACE, solemnly ratified on Friday last, between the President, in behalf of the People of the United States, and the Kings, Chiefs, and Warriors of the Creek Nations of Indians.
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
To all to whom those Presents shall come, Greeting: Whereas a treaty of peace and friendship between the United States of America & the Creek Nation of Indians was made and concluded on the seventh day of the present month of August, by HENRY KNOX, Secretary for the Department of War, who was duly authorised thereto by the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the Senate on the one part, and the Kings, Chiefs, and Warriors of the said Creek Nation, whose names are thereu
A TREATY of PEACE and FRIENDSHIP, made and concluded between the President of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States, and the undersigned Kings, Chiefs, and, Warriors of the Creek Nation of Indians, on the part and behalf of the said Nation.
The parties being desirous of establishing permanent peace and friendship between the United States and the said Creek Nation, and the citizens and members thereof, and to remove the causes of war by ascertaining their limits, and making other necessary, just, and friendly arrangements: The President of the United States, by Henry Knox, Secretary for the Department of War, which he hath constituted with full powers for these purposes, by and with the advice and consent of Senate of the United St
Article 1. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship, between all the citizens of the United States of America, and all the individuals, towns, and tribes of the Upper, Middle, and Lower Creeks and Samanoles, composing the Creek Nation of Indians.
Article 2. The undersigned Kings, Chiefs, and Warriors for themselves, and all parts of the Creek Nation within the limits of the United States, do acknowledge themselves, and the said parts of the Creek Nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever, and they also stipulate, that the said Creek Nation will not hold any treaty with an individual state, or with individuals of any state.
Article 3. The Creek Nation shall deliver, as soon as practicable, to the commanding officer of the troops of the United States, stationed at the Rock Landing on the Oconee River, all citizens of the United States, white inhabitants or negroes who are now prisoners in any part of the said Nation. And if any such prisoners or negroes should not be so delivered, on or before the first day of June ensuing, the Governor of Georgia may empower three persons to repair to the said nation, in order to c
the whole Creek Nation, their heirs and descendants, for the consi cede, all the land to the northward and eastward of the boundary herein described.
Article 5. The United States solemnly guarantee to the Creek Nation all their lands within the limits of the United States to the westward and southward of the boundary described in the preceding article.
Article 6. If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any part of the Creeks lands, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United States, and the Creeks may punish him or not as they please.
Article 7. No citizen , or inhabitant of the United States shall attempt to hunt of destroy the game on the Creek lands. Nor shall any such citizen or inhabitant go into the Creek country without a passport obtained from the Governor of some one of the United States, or the officer of the troops of the United States commanding at the nearest military post on the frontiers, or such other persons as the President of the United Sates may from time to time authorise to grant the same.
Article 8. If any Creek Indian of Indians, or person residing among them, or who shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any of the citizens or inhabitants of the United States, the Creek Nation or Town, or Tribe, to which such offender or offenders may belong, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the laws of the United States.
Article 10. In cases of violence on the persons or property of the individuals of either party, neither retaliation nor reprisal shall be committed by the other until satisfaction shall have been demanded of the party of which the aggressor is, and shall have been refused.
Article 11. The Creeks shall give notice to the citizens of the United States of any designs which they may know or suspect to be formed in any neighboring tribe, or by any person whatever, against the peace and interests of the United States.
Article 13. Any animosities for past grievances shall henceforth cease, and the contracting parties will carry the foregoing treaty into full execution, with all good faith and sincerity.
Article 14. This treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the contracting parties, as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States.
IN WITNESS of all and every thing herein determined between the United States of America and the whole Creek Nations, the parties have hereunto set their hands and seals, in the city of New York; within the United States, this seventh day of August, one thousand seven hundred and ninety.
In behalf of the United States,
H. KNOX, Secretary at War,
and some Commissioner for treating
with the Creek Nation of Indians.
In behalf of themselves and the whole Creek
Nation of Indians,
Fuskatche Mico, X or Birdtail King.
Cusetahs. Neaathloch, X or Second Man.
Halletemalthe, X or Blue Giver
Little Tallisee. Opay Mico, X or the Singer
Totkeshajou, X or Samoniac
Big Tallisee. Hopothe Mico, X or Tallisee
Opototache, X or Long Side
Tuckadatchy. Scholesse, X or Young Second Man.
Ocheehajou, X or Aleck Cornel.
Chinabie, X or the Great Natches Warrior
Natchez. Natsowachehee, X or the Great Natchee Warriors Brother.
Thakoteehee, X or the Mole.
Tuskeaah, X or Big Lieutenant.
Cowetas. Homatch, X or Leader.
Chinabie, X or Matthews.
Juleetaulematha, X or Dry Pine.
Of the Broken
Arrow Chaweckly Mico, X
Choosades Hopoy, X or the Measurer.
Coosades. Muthtee, X the Misser.
Stimasutchkee, X or Good Humour.
Alabama Chief Stilnaleeje, X or Disputer.
Oaksoys. Mumageehee, X David Francis.
Done in the presence of
Richard Morris, Chief Justice of the State of New York.
Richard Varick, Mayor of the City of New York.
Thomas Lee Shippen, of Pennsylvania.
John Rutledge, jun.
Joseph Allen Smith.
Joseph (X) Corness, Interpreter.
NOW KNOW YE, that I having seen and considered the said Treaty, do by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, accept, ratify, and confirm the same and every article and clause thereof. IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed, and signed the same with my hand.
GIVEN at the City of New York, the thirteenth day of August, in
the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and Ninety. And in the
fifteenth year of the sovereignty and independence of the United States.
By the President,
By command of the President of the United States of America,
H, KNOX, Secretary for the Department of War
(This was copied from the original newspaper. It is in a bit more than two, 3 inch newspaper columns. I have taken some liberty with reformating to fit the page better and be more readable----William C. Bell)