Being a study of the complex genealogies and relationships
and events leading to the Creek War and the Removal
Compiled by Carol Middleton and many other compilers whose names appear with their families' information
In the early 18th century, French cavaliers came south from Canada and founded Fort Louis de la Mobile on the Alabama River. In 1711, the early fort was abandoned because of flooding condition. A new fort was built closer to Mobile Bay; it was named Fort Condé. The French Navy was stationed there. The Marines naturally sought wives and since there was a lack of French women in the colonies, they married into the local Native American tribes.
Additionally, traders -- both French and British -- moved into the Territory. They lived among the tribes, often making alliances with tribes by marrying daughters of the Chiefs, which assured the best trading advantage.
In 1717, Fort Toulouse was built upriver; it was at the frontier of the French Territory and served to protect against British invaders. About 1763, the British took command of both forts and British traders began to move into the new British Territory.
The site for the first white-Creek relations was also the site for the formal end when General Andrew Jackson had the old fort refurbished as Fort Jackson at the end of the Creek War and here was held the ceremony of surreneder of the Creeks.
You may visit Fort Toulouse / Jackson near Wetumpka and Montgomery today and also the French Fort Condé in Mobile. Both are Alabama atrractions and both feature live reenactments of historical events. You may also visit Fort Toulouse via the Internet.
These are family histories of some very interesting people. In reading this material, you will know how enmeshed were their lives and how complex were their loyalties. You will find a rich mix of bloodlines for assimilation began as soon as the explorers and White traders came into the territory. You may even find families of other tribes who lived and intermarried Among The Creeks. Some of my own family is here, as they lived among the Creek families, but all are of great interest to me. If you are researching any of these families, please contact me and share what you know.
Note: Where there are many families units of the same surnames, family indexes are provided. Click on desired surname and you will go to the index, if it exists.
And related or allied families
ADCOCK, BAILEY, BRASHEARS, BROWN, COLBERT, COOCHMAN, CORNELLS, EHLERT, FRANCIS, FRANKLIN, HALE, HARRIS, HIGHTOWER, HOLLINGER, LEFLEUR or LEFLORE, MARSHALL, MASTIN, McGHEE, McINTOSH, McQUEEN, MILES or MYLES, MONIAC, MOSLEY, PERRYMAN, RANDON, ROLIN-COON, SIZEMORE, STIGGINS, TARVIN, WARD, WILLIAMS, WINSLETT, YARGEE
Some More Friends
These are word sketches of various people who were also part of the Creeks, the mixed-bloods and their neighbors. If you have information on these folks, please share it. Or if you know others, share them please. Tell the stories.
Your comments are welcome. Send them to me Carol Middleton.