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Emperor Nero of the Romans

b. 0037 AD, December 15, d. 0068 AD
Emperor Nero of the Romans|b. 0037 AD, December 15\nd. 0068 AD|p268.htm#i10392|consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus||p80.htm#i10391|Agrippina the Younger||p279.htm#i10353|||||||Germanicus Caesar|b. 0015 B.C.\nd. 0019 AD|p266.htm#i10357|Agrippina the Elder|b. 0015 B.C.\nd. 0033 AD|p266.htm#i10358|
Fatherconsul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus1,2
MotherAgrippina the Younger1,3
     Emperor Nero of the Romans was born 0037 AD, December 15 at Antium, Latium, Roman Empire.4,2 He was the son of consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus and Agrippina the Younger.1,2,3 Emperor Nero of the Romans was the successor of Emperor Claudius I of the Romans; Emperor.1 Emperor Nero of the Romans was a witness where Emperor Claudius I of the Romans persuaded to officially adopt Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, his fourth wifes son by an earlier marriage, as an heir 0050 AD.5 Emperor Nero of the Romans was adopted 0050 AD; He was adopted by the Emperor Claudius I to be an heir.5 As of 0050-0054 AD, also called Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus.4 He was given the title "Princeps Iuventutis" (Leader of Youth), making him out as heir apparent, 0051 AD.5 He married Octavia, daughter of Emperor Claudius I of the Romans and Valeria Messalina, 0053 AD; His 1st.5 Emperor Nero of the Romans succeeded his great-uncle, and adoptive father, Claudius I 0054 AD. Emperor at Roman Empire 0054-0068 AD.1 He witnessed the death of Tiberius Claudius Germanicus 0055 AD; A legitimate (though slightly younger) heir to Emperor Claudius, and possible rival to Nero, Claudius' older adopted son, and so Britannicus' murder was arranged. He was 14 years old.1 On 0055 AD his name was legally changed to Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus.4 Emperor Nero of the Romans witnessed the will of Prasutagus of the Iceni 0060 AD at before; "Prasutagus, thinking to protect his wife, Boadicea, Queen of the Iceni, and their daughters, made the Emperor Nero coheir with them of his great wealth. " Emperor Nero of the Romans died 0068 AD at June 9, Rome, Latium, Roman Empire. "Unrest in the provinces, coupled with intrigue at Rome among the praetorians (orchestrated at least in part by Nymphidius), provided Nero's enemies, especially within the Senate, with their chance to depose him. He committed suicide."1,4 Also called imperator Nero Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus.1 He put his mother to death.6 He was Mark Antony's descendant in the fifth generation.6 He came not far from ruining the Roman empire with his madness and folly.6

Family 1

Octavia b. 0039 AD?

Family 2

Child

Citations

  1. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm
  2. [S1001] Chris Scarre, Chronicle of the Emperors, pg. 50.
  3. [S1001] Chris Scarre, Chronicle of the Emperors, pg. 51.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Nero.
  5. [S1001] Chris Scarre, Chronicle of the Emperors, pg. 48.
  6. [S931] A.H. Clough, Plutarch's Lives, ANTONY.

Julia1

d. 0068 B.C.
Julia|d. 0068 B.C.|p268.htm#i21597|Gaïus Julius Caesar||p80.htm#i10370|Marcia||p80.htm#i10371|praetor urbanis Lucius Julius Caesar||p80.htm#i10369||||||||||
FatherGaïus Julius Caesar1
MotherMarcia1
     Julia died 0068 B.C..2 She was the daughter of Gaïus Julius Caesar and Marcia.1 Julia was the sister of Caesar's father.1 She married consul Gaïus Marius the Elder.1

Family

consul Gaïus Marius the Elder d. 0086 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S931] A.H. Clough, Plutarch's Lives, CAESAR.
  2. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm

Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt1,2

b. 0140 B.C., d. 0069 B.C.
Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt|b. 0140 B.C.\nd. 0069 B.C.|p268.htm#i13554|Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy V. P., King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|
FatherPtolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt1 b. 0184/3 B.C., circa, d. 0116 B.C.
MotherCleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt1 b. 0160/55 B.C., d. 0101 B.C., circa September
     Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt died 0069 B.C..3 She married Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria, son of Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria and Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria, 0115 B.C; His 2nd. Her 2nd.2,3 Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt married Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt; His 2nd. Her 1st. Siblings. This marriage was accepted by their mother.1,3 Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt.1 Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt was born 0140 B.C..

Family 1

Children

Family 2

Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria b. 0142 B.C., d. 0096 B.C.

Family 3

Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt b. 0142 B.C., d. 0080 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  2. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-72.
  3. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  4. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm

Cornelia

b. 0100 B.C., d. 0069-0068 B.C.
Cornelia|b. 0100 B.C.\nd. 0069-0068 B.C.|p268.htm#i10372|||||||||||||||||||
     Cornelia died 0069-0068 B.C..1 She married dictator Gaïus Julius Caesar, son of praetor Gaïus Julius Caesar and Aurelia, 0084 B.C; His 1st.1,2,3 Cornelia was born 0100 B.C. At circa. She was the daughter of Cinna.2

Family

dictator Gaïus Julius Caesar b. 0100 B.C., July 12-13, d. 0044 B.C., 15 March
Child
  • Julia b. 0080 B.C., d. 0054 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  2. [S931] A.H. Clough, Plutarch's Lives, CAESAR.
  3. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm

Sinatrukes, King of Parthia

b. 0157 B.C., d. 0070 B.C.
Sinatrukes, King of Parthia|b. 0157 B.C.\nd. 0070 B.C.|p268.htm#i6364|Mithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia|b. 0195 B.C.\nd. 0138 B.C.|p269.htm#i13644||||Phriapatius, King of Parthia|b. 0215 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6368||||||||||
FatherMithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia1 b. 0195 B.C., d. 0138 B.C.
     Sinatrukes, King of Parthia died 0070 B.C..2 He was the predecessor of Phraates III, King of Parthia; King of Parthia.3 Sinatrukes, King of Parthia was a witness where Tigranes II Megas, King of Armenia had retaken Atropatene and Gordyene, and had made incursions almost as far west as Ecbatana in Parthia 0077 B.C.1 Sinatrukes, King of Parthia was brought to the throne by the Sacaraucae, at age 80, during a time of confusion in Parthia; chosen as the prince best suited to deal with the dynastic question; to clear up the succession and reunify the kingdom 0077 B.C..1,4 King of Parthia at Khorasan, Iran, 0077-0070 B.C..1,2 He sought refuge with the Sacaraucase, a Scythian tribe, during the period of dynastic struggles which troubled Parthia 0090-0077 B.C..4 He was the son of Mithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia.1 Sinatrukes, King of Parthia was born 0157 B.C..2 He was the father of Phraates III, King of Parthia; son and successor of Sanatruces (Sinatruces).3 Sinatruk.es (sntrwk) Parthian king (80-69 B.C.) [sntrwk < Tr. Isen-oturuk "Isen the king; flawless king; storming king," with isen/esen "safe; faultless, flawless; sound; wise" (DLT; KT; REDH), as well as "storming, blowing," and oturuk "one who sits (on the throne)," from otur- "to sit (on the throne)," and -uk, noun-making suffix].5 Sources: 2. Yarshater, E. 'The Cambridge History of Iran' Vol. 3(2), 'The Seleucid, Parthian and Sassanian Periods' pp.688. Also called Sinatruces.4 Sinatrukes, King of Parthia was may have been a son of Mithradates I.4

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  2. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 417-72.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Phraates III (k. of Parthia).
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Sanatruces.
  5. [S1371] Lost Langages, online http://www.lostlanguages.com/, parthian.htm, name of the Parthian king, with the correct Turkish reading and it's meaning.

Agrippa II, basileus of Chalcis, Galilee & Perea1

b. 0027 AD, d. 0071-0072 AD
Agrippa II, basileus of Chalcis, Galilee & Perea|b. 0027 AD\nd. 0071-0072 AD|p268.htm#i21289|Agrippa I, basileus of Palestine|b. 0010 B.C.\nd. 0044 CE|p267.htm#i21287||||Aristobulus I. of Judaea|b. 0031 B.C.\nd. 0007 B.C.|p266.htm#i21285||||||||||
FatherAgrippa I, basileus of Palestine1 b. 0010 B.C., d. 0044 CE
     Agrippa II, basileus of Chalcis, Galilee & Perea was born 0027 AD.2 He was the son of Agrippa I, basileus of Palestine.1 Agrippa II, basileus of Chalcis, Galilee & Perea was born 0027-0028 CE.1,3,4 He was the successor of Agrippa I, basileus of Palestine; tetrarchês of Galilee & Perea.5 Agrippa II, basileus of Chalcis, Galilee & Perea was seventeen at the time of his father's death 0044 AD.6 Basileus of Chalcis, Galilee & Perea 0049-0053 CE.7 King of Calchis 0050 AD.6 He was was an ally of Rome in suppressing the Jewish Revolt 0066 AD. Agrippa supplied 1,500 horse archers, and 3,000 bowmen.8 He died 0071-0072 AD at Rome, Italy.9 He died 0092 CE. He died of old age perhaps.3 He died 0095 CE.10 Also called Agrippa II of Judaea.11 He had Claudius, Nero, Vespasian, and Titus as patrons.3 Also called Marcus Julius Herod Agrippa.3 He was the son of Agrippa I and his cousin/wife Cypros III.1,12 Cestius Gallus’ Army Against the Jewish Revolt, AD 66 in 066.

Citations

  1. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  2. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VII, under Herod, in A. D. 44, the year of his father's death, the emperor Claudius wished to give him the kingdom of his father, but he was dissuaded from his purpose because a youth of seventeen was hardly capable of assuming responsibilities so great.
  3. [S915] Herodian Politics, online http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kchanson/politics.html
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Herod Agrippa I (k. of Judaea), says 17 at death of father in 44.
  5. [S915] Herodian Politics, online http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kchanson/politics.html, Tetrachês: a regional ruler with less power and status than a client-king or ethnarch .
  6. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VII, under Herod.
  7. [S915] Herodian Politics, online http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kchanson/politics.html, Basileus: a client-king.
  8. [S1647] Orbat.com, online http://orbat.com/index.html, http://orbat.com/site/history/before500/…
  9. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VII, under Herod, Grätz (Gesch. d. Jud., III, xvii, 410) gives A. D. 71-72 as the date of his death, a date based upon a more correct reading of a Greek text as authority..
  10. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, The Life of Josephus.
  11. [S904] Matthew George Easton (1823-1894), Easton's.
  12. [S914] Unknown author, WW - Bible, chart, pg. 145.

Gweirydd, King of the Britons1

d. 0074 AD
Gweirydd, King of the Britons|d. 0074 AD|p268.htm#i10322|Cynfelyn, King of the Britons|d. __ ___ 0017|p265.htm#i10323||||Tenefan a. L. of Britain|d. 26 BC|p276.htm#i10325||||||||||
FatherCynfelyn, King of the Britons2 d. __ ___ 0017
     Gweirydd, King of the Britons slew the Roman called Hanno, avenging his brother, 0044 AD.2 King of Britain 0044-0074 AD. He died 0074 AD.2,1 He was the son of Cynfelyn, King of the Britons.2 "Was neuer king more highly magnifide, Nor dred of Romanes, then was Aruirage, For which the Emperour to him allide His daughter Genuiss' in marriage: Yet shortly he renounst the vassalage Of Rome againe, who hither hastly sent Vespasian, that with great spoile and rage Forwasted all, till Genuissa gent Perswaded him to ceasse, and her Lord to relent."3 Also called Arviragus of the Trinovantes.2,1 Gweirydd, King of the Britons married Genuissa, daughter of Emperor Claudius I of the Romans and Aelia Paetina.2,3

Family

Genuissa b. 0034 AD?
Child

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Tenuantius ap Lludd, 59.
  2. [S232] David Starr Jordan & Sarah Louise Kimball, Your Family Tree, pg 64..
  3. [S587] Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene, Book 2, Canto X, A chronicle of Briton kings, from Brute to Vthers rayne. And rolles of Elfin Emperours, till time of Gloriane..

Claudia

b. 0074 AD, d. 0074 AD
Claudia|b. 0074 AD\nd. 0074 AD|p268.htm#i10394|Emperor Nero of the Romans|b. 0037 AD, December 15\nd. 0068 AD|p268.htm#i10392||||consul Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus||p80.htm#i10391|Agrippina t. Y.||p279.htm#i10353|||||||
FatherEmperor Nero of the Romans b. 0037 AD, December 15, d. 0068 AD
     Claudia died 0074 AD. She was born 0074 AD. She was the daughter of Emperor Nero of the Romans.

Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea1

b. 0125 BCE, d. 0076 B.C.
Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea|b. 0125 BCE\nd. 0076 B.C.|p268.htm#i21332|John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea|b. 0175 B.C., circa\nd. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21335|N. N. (?)|d. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21353|Simon T., High Priest of Judaea|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21339|N. N. (?)|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21352|||||||
FatherJohn Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea2 b. 0175 B.C., circa, d. 0104 B.C.
MotherN. N. (?)3 d. 0104 B.C.
     Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea died 0076 B.C.. So when he was at rest from war, he fell into a distemper; for he was afflicted with a quartan ague, and supposed that, by exercising himself again in martial affairs, he should get rid of this distemper; but by making such expeditions at unseasonable times, and forcing his body to undergo greater hardships than it was able to bear, he brought himself to his end. He died, therefore, in the midst of his troubles, after he had reigned seven and twenty years.4,2,5 He was the predecessor of Alexandra Salome, High Priestess of Judaea; High Priestess.2,6 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea succeeded at a later date in conquering and Judaizing the whole country east of the Jordan.7 During the civil war which broke out between him and his subjects he was long unsuccessful; but he finally got the better of his opponents, and wreaked frightful vengeance upon them.7 He was a witness where Alexandra Salome, High Priestess of Judaea freed Alexander Jannaeus from prison and appointed him King of Judea 0103 BCE.1 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea married Alexandra Salome, High Priestess of Judaea 0103 BCE; Her 2nd (widow).2,1 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea was a witness where Antipater I, stratêgos of Idumea had Alexander Janneus the Hasmonean as a patron 0103-0076 B.C.8 High Priest at Judea, Palestine, 0103-0076 B.C..2 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea was bound and put into prison by his oldest brother, Aritobulus, who had assumed control 0104 B.C..3 He was a witness where King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean broke his father's will and seized the throne from his mother and jailed or killed her and his three younger brothers.9 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea was the successor of King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean; King of Judaea.2,9 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea was a witness where Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt took the city of Asochis and then fought and won a battle with the Hasmonean King of Judaea, Alexander Janneus, 0107 B.C. At circa.5 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea was born 0125 BCE.10 He was the son of John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea and N. N. (?).2,3 Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea was the youngest son of Johanan Hyrcanus.2 He appeared both elder in age, and more moderate in his temper than the other brothers.5 His Hebrew name was Jonathan.7

Family

Alexandra Salome, High Priestess of Judaea b. 0140 BCE, d. 0067 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Extracts with Commentary.
  2. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  3. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 3.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, John Hyrcanus II.
  5. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 4.
  6. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 5.
  7. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, VIII:History of the Jews.
  8. [S915] Herodian Politics, online http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kchanson/politics.html
  9. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Aristobulus I.
  10. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Extracts with Commentary - He was fifteen years younger than wife Alexandra Salome, and she was 64 when she began her rule, in 76 BCE.

Vologeses I, King of Parthia

b. 0025 AD, d. 0077 AD
Vologeses I, King of Parthia|b. 0025 AD\nd. 0077 AD|p268.htm#i5995|Vonones II "Tutuk-tari", King of Media Atropatene|b. 0010 B.C.\nd. __ ___ 0051|p265.htm#i5997|N. N. , a concubine||p158.htm#i17807|Vonones I "Ahamen", King of Armenia|b. 0040 B.C.\nd. 0019 AD|p266.htm#i15269||||||||||
FatherVonones II "Tutuk-tari", King of Media Atropatene1,2,3 b. 0010 B.C., d. __ ___ 0051
MotherN. N. , a concubine1
     Vologeses I, King of Parthia was born 0025 AD.4 He was the son of Vonones II "Tutuk-tari", King of Media Atropatene and N. N. , a concubine.1,2,3 Great King of Parthia 0051-0077 A.D..4,5 Vologeses I, King of Parthia was witnessed the emergence of the Davidic kings in exile (Babylonian Exilarchs) arising into heightened political prominence 0070 AD.6 He died 0077 AD.4 He was the predecessor of Vologaeses II, King of Parthia; King of Parthia. "May the Beloved (God), keep (us) free always!. Adoring Him (worshiping God), (in this) 11th? (year of my Ascension?), / going (forward), having gone and shot (arrows), adoring Him (The God); going (forward), / Kaghan (Emperor) the lord (king), making sorties seven (times) adoring Him (The God). / (While) the Alans, the enemy (hostile flood), (and) Külük, the king of Alani, (kept) coming up and fight; the King of / Kings, Kaghan (Emperor) Büken [Bukan] Kaghan!, riding (your horse) and rising up (over the enemy), you have fired me up [you protected me]. / Külük, the tough king of the Alani, having gone and shot (arrows); (and); the King of / Kings, Kaghan!, riding (your horse) and rising up (over the enemy), you have fired me up [you protected me], (also) defending (my) Temple."7 Vologeses I, King of Parthia was the brother, it's said by Josephus, of Gotarzes, and of Pacorus who he made king of Media, and Tiridates who he made king of Armenia.8 Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 408. ; 2. Yarshater, E. (ed.) 'The Cambridge History of Iran' Vol. 3, pp.99, chart. ; 3. Yarshater, E. (ed.) 'The Cambridge History of Iran' Vol. 3, pp.79. Vologes.es (wlgš) Parthian king (A.D. 51-80) [< Tr. Ulu-göz "the great eye"].9

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  2. [S1371] Lost Langages, online http://www.lostlanguages.com/, parthian.htm.
  3. [S1377] Tacitus, The Annals by Tacitus.
  4. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 408-66.
  5. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  6. [S627] Throne of David, online www.bupc.org/resources/THE%20THRONE%20OF%20DAVID.htm.
  7. [S1371] Lost Langages, online http://www.lostlanguages.com/, parthian.htm, Case 1 - VOLOGESES INSCRIPTION.
  8. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, AJ:20.3.4.
  9. [S1371] Lost Langages, online http://www.lostlanguages.com/, parthian.htm, name of the Parthian king, with the correct Turkish reading and it's meaning.

Arshak I, King of K'art'li

b. 0135 B.C., d. 0078 B.C.
     Arshak I, King of K'art'li died 0078 B.C.. He was the predecessor of Artaces I, King of K'art'li; 6th King of Kartli.1 Arshak I, King of K'art'li witnessed the death of P'aranjum, King of K'art'li 0090 B.C. At the Tashir district; Killed in battle against Arbak of Armenia, who had been called in by the Iberian people to bring them a new king.2 Arshak I, King of K'art'li was asked to come in by the Iberians angry with their king, P'arnajom, "for", they said, "our king has become an Iranian and forgotten the faith of our mothers and worships [his] patrimonial religion".3 He battled with P'arnajom in the Tashir district, killing him and totally destroying his army 0090 BCE.2 King of Armenia 0090-0078 B.C.. 5th King of Kartli at Transcaucasia 0090-0078 B.C..1 He was the successor of P'aranjum, King of K'art'li; 4th King of Kartli.2,4 Arshak I, King of K'art'li was born 0135 B.C.. He was son of the King of Armenia, who had as wife a descendant of the Georgian kings of the line of P'arnavaz.5 He was the son of the King of Armenia, given the Geogrians, after the defeat of Parnajom, as their King.6 Also called Varbak Armenian text.2 Sources: Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. Also called Arbak.2

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 44, 379, 78-63.
  2. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Ch. 4.
  3. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian).
  4. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 42, 379, 109-90.
  5. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 42, Georgian text.
  6. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 43, Georgian text.
  7. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 409-71.
  8. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chapter 4.

Drusilla of Judaea1

b. 0038 AD, d. 0079 CE
Drusilla of Judaea|b. 0038 AD\nd. 0079 CE|p268.htm#i21307|Agrippa I, basileus of Palestine|b. 0010 B.C.\nd. 0044 CE|p267.htm#i21287||||Aristobulus I. of Judaea|b. 0031 B.C.\nd. 0007 B.C.|p266.htm#i21285||||||||||
FatherAgrippa I, basileus of Palestine1 b. 0010 B.C., d. 0044 CE
     Drusilla of Judaea was born 0038 AD.2 She was the daughter of Agrippa I, basileus of Palestine.1 Drusilla of Judaea died 0079 CE at Italy. She perished in the great eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.3 She was the sister of Agrippa II of Judea.4 She was a noted beauty.3 She abandoned Judaism as a Roman officer's wife.3

Citations

  1. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  2. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, V, Drusilla, six years of age at the time of her father's death at Caesarea, A.D. 44.
  3. [S916] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  4. [S1649] Wikipedia Web, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/, Ptolemy of Mauretania.

Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt1

b. 0142 B.C., d. 0080 B.C.
Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt|b. 0142 B.C.\nd. 0080 B.C.|p268.htm#i13551|Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy V. P., King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|
FatherPtolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt1 b. 0184/3 B.C., circa, d. 0116 B.C.
MotherCleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt1 b. 0160/55 B.C., d. 0101 B.C., circa September
     Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt died 0080 B.C. At March. Age 62. Said to have died a violent death.1,2,3,4 He returned to Alexandria on the death of his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander I, 0088 B.C..1 He took the city of Asochis and then fought and won a battle with the Hasmonean King of Judaea, Alexander Janneus, 0107 B.C. At circa.5 He was driven out of Alexandria when his mother, Cleopatra III, accused him of trying to murder her 0107 B.C. At before November 15, probably before September 19.1,2 He married Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt and Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt, 0117 B.C; Son/mother. A political marriage.2 King of Egypt 0117-0080 B.C.. Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt married Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt; His 2nd. Her 1st. Siblings. This marriage was accepted by their mother.1,6 Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt was born 0142 B.C..3 He was the son of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt.1 Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt also went by the name of Ptolemy Lathyrus.3 Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt also went by the name of Ptolemy "Chickpea" Lathyrus = Chickpea.3 He was the father of Berenice III, Queen of Egypt; the daughter of Ptolemy IX.7

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt b. 0160/55 B.C., d. 0101 B.C., circa September

Family 3

Children

Family 4

Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt b. 0140 B.C., d. 0069 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  2. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  3. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 332.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Ptolemy XII Auletes.
  5. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 4.
  6. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  7. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Berenice III.

Berenice III, Queen of Egypt

d. 0080 B.C.
Berenice III, Queen of Egypt|d. 0080 B.C.|p268.htm#i13557|Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt|b. 0142 B.C.\nd. 0080 B.C.|p268.htm#i13551||||Ptolemy V. E. I. T., King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra I. E., Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|||||||
FatherPtolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt1 b. 0142 B.C., d. 0080 B.C.
     Berenice III, Queen of Egypt died 0080 B.C..2 She married Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt, 0082 B.C. At circa; Step-mother/son.3,2 Berenice III, Queen of Egypt married Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt, 0101 B.C. At or sometime before; Her 1st. Uncle/niece.1,4,2 Berenice III, Queen of Egypt became full queen after the death of the dowager queen, Cleopatra III, the widow of Ptolemy VIII 0101 B.C.. Queen of Egypt 0101-0080 B.C.. She was the daughter of Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt.1,4 Berenice III, Queen of Egypt was the successor of Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt; Queen of Egypt. Berenice III, Queen of Egypt was the daughter of Ptolemy IX.2

Family 1

Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt d. 0080 B.C.

Family 2

Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt b. 0140 B.C., d. 0088 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Berenice III.
  3. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  4. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 332.

Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt1

d. 0080 B.C.
Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt|d. 0080 B.C.|p268.htm#i13559|Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt|b. 0140 B.C.\nd. 0088 B.C.|p268.htm#i13552||||Ptolemy V. E. I. T., King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra I. E., Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|||||||
FatherPtolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt1,2 b. 0140 B.C., d. 0088 B.C.
     Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt died 0080 B.C.. He was lynched by an Alexandrian mob, after killing his new wife, who was in fact his step-mother (or mother even), for whom his late wife had been very popular.1,3 Pharaoh of Egypt 0080 B.C.. He married Berenice III, Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt, 0082 B.C. At circa; Step-mother/son.1,3 Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, King of Egypt sent by his grandmother, Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt, in the company of his brother and Ptolemy XI Alexander II, his predecessor for safekeeping to Cos 0103 B.C. At Aegean Sea, Asia Minor.4 Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt was sent by sent by his grandmother, Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt, in the company of his brother and Ptolemy XII Auletes, his successor, to Cos 0103 B.C. At Aegean Sea, Asia Minor.4 He was the son of Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt.1,2

Family

Berenice III, Queen of Egypt d. 0080 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  2. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 332.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Berenice III.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Ptolemy XII Auletes.

Philip I Epiphanes Philopator, King of Syria1

b. 0124-0112/1 B.C., d. 0083 B.C.
Philip I Epiphanes Philopator, King of Syria|b. 0124-0112/1 B.C.\nd. 0083 B.C.|p268.htm#i26637|Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria|b. 0142 B.C.\nd. 0096 B.C.|p268.htm#i6041|Tryphaena|b. 0141/140 B.C.|p51.htm#i6042|Demetrius I. N., King of Syria|b. 0160 B.C.\nd. 0125 B.C.|p268.htm#i6262|Cleopatra T. E., Queen of Syria|b. 0165 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6263|Ptolemy V. E. I. T., King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra I. E., Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|
FatherAntiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria2 b. 0142 B.C., d. 0096 B.C.
MotherTryphaena3 b. 0141/140 B.C.
     Philip I Epiphanes Philopator, King of Syria died 0083 B.C..1 He was the predecessor of Tigranes II Megas, King of Armenia; King of Syria.4,3 King of Syria 0095-0083 B.C..3 Philip I Epiphanes Philopator, King of Syria was the son of Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria and Tryphaena.2,3 Philip I Epiphanes Philopator, King of Syria was born 0124-0112/1 B.C..1 Philip I Epiphanes Philadelphos means "Philip the Illustrious, loving one’s brother".1

Citations

  1. [S1651] SFAGN, online http://www.sfagn.com/collection/collection.html, Philip I.
  2. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews-Book XIII, Chap 13, para. 4.
  3. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  4. [S1119] Jerusalem through Coins, online http://www.pinn.net/~sandy/index.htm

praetor Gaïus Julius Caesar1

d. 0084 B.C.
praetor Gaïus Julius Caesar|d. 0084 B.C.|p268.htm#i10344|Gaïus Julius Caesar||p80.htm#i10370|Marcia||p80.htm#i10371|praetor urbanis Lucius Julius Caesar||p80.htm#i10369||||||||||
FatherGaïus Julius Caesar1
MotherMarcia1
     Praetor Gaïus Julius Caesar died 0084 B.C. At Pisa, Italy. Died suddenly while putting on his shoes. His son, Julius Caesar, was sixteen years old.2,3 Praetor 0093 B.C..1 He was the son of Gaïus Julius Caesar and Marcia.1 Praetor Gaïus Julius Caesar married Aurelia, daughter of Lucius Aurelius Cotta and Rutilia (?).1 Praetor Gaïus Julius Caesar was the brother of Julia; the sister of Caesar's father.4

Family

Aurelia
Children

Citations

  1. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  2. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Caesar, Julius.
  4. [S931] A.H. Clough, Plutarch's Lives, CAESAR.

Antiochus XII Dionysus Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikus, King of Syria1,2

b. 0124-0112 B.C., d. 0085/84 B.C.
Antiochus XII Dionysus Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikus, King of Syria|b. 0124-0112 B.C.\nd. 0085/84 B.C.|p268.htm#i26636|Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria|b. 0142 B.C.\nd. 0096 B.C.|p268.htm#i6041|Tryphaena|b. 0141/140 B.C.|p51.htm#i6042|Demetrius I. N., King of Syria|b. 0160 B.C.\nd. 0125 B.C.|p268.htm#i6262|Cleopatra T. E., Queen of Syria|b. 0165 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6263|Ptolemy V. E. I. T., King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra I. E., Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|
FatherAntiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria1,2 b. 0142 B.C., d. 0096 B.C.
MotherTryphaena3,2 b. 0141/140 B.C.
     Antiochus XII Dionysus Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikus, King of Syria died 0085/84 B.C..2 King of Syria 0087-0084 B.C..4,3 He was the son of Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria and Tryphaena.1,2,3 Antiochus XII Dionysus Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikus, King of Syria was born 0124-0112 B.C..2 His title Dionysos Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikos means “Dionysos, God Made Manifest, the Father-loving, the Winner of Fine Victories”.2 He was The fifth son of Antiochus Grypus.1

Citations

  1. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews-Book XIII, Chap 15, footnote 41.
  2. [S1651] SFAGN, online http://www.sfagn.com/collection/collection.html, Antiochos XII.
  3. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  4. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html, Mesopotamia & Arabia, The SELEUCID EMPIRE.

consul Gaïus Marius the Elder1,2

d. 0086 B.C.
     Consul Gaïus Marius the Elder died 0086 B.C..2 At Rome, Italy, 0086 B.C..2 At Rome, Italy, 0104-0100 B.C..2 At Rome, Italy, 0107 B.C..2 He married Julia, daughter of Gaïus Julius Caesar and Marcia.1

Family

Julia d. 0068 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S931] A.H. Clough, Plutarch's Lives, CAESAR.
  2. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm

consul Marcus Antonius the Orator1

b. 0143 B.C., d. 0087 B.C.
consul Marcus Antonius the Orator|b. 0143 B.C.\nd. 0087 B.C.|p268.htm#i10348|Marcus Antonius||p206.htm#i23251||||||||||||||||
FatherMarcus Antonius2
     Consul Marcus Antonius the Orator died 0087 B.C.. He was put to death by Marius for having taken part with Sylla.3,2 He was Consul 0099 B.C..2 He was the son of Marcus Antonius.2 Consul Marcus Antonius the Orator was born 0143 B.C..2 He was one of the leading orators of his day, and vividly portrayed as a speaker in Cicero's De oratore.1 He was so described: "a most eloquent man." He was Plebian Censor with Lucius Valerius Flaccus as Patrician Censor. He was was first reknowned of this family.

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Antony, Mark.
  2. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  3. [S931] A.H. Clough, Plutarch's Lives, ANTONY.

aedile curile Gaïus Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus1

d. 0087 B.C.
aedile curile Gaïus Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus|d. 0087 B.C.|p268.htm#i10352|praetor Lucius Julius Caesar||p80.htm#i10351|Popilla (?)||p206.htm#i23249|consul Sextus Julius Caesar|d. 0147 B.C., after|p269.htm#i10365||||||||||
Fatherpraetor Lucius Julius Caesar
MotherPopilla (?)1
     Aedile curile Gaïus Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus died 0087 B.C..1 Aedile curile 0090 B.C..1 He was the son of praetor Lucius Julius Caesar and Popilla (?).1 Aedile curile Gaïus Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus was a courteous and witty orator mentioned by Cicero.

Citations

  1. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm

Gotarzes I, King of Parthia1

b. 0155 B.C., d. 0087-0080 B.C.
Gotarzes I, King of Parthia|b. 0155 B.C.\nd. 0087-0080 B.C.|p268.htm#i15259|||||||||||||||||||
     Gotarzes I, King of Parthia was displaced by Orodes, son of Mithridates, who asserted his hereditary right to rule 0080 B.C. At and probably earlier.2 He died 0087-0080 B.C..2 King of Parthia at Khorasan, Iran, 0091-0087/81 B.C..2 He established himself as an independent monarch in Babylonia while Mithradates (II, King of Parthia) was preoccupied with Rome 0092 B.C. At circa.2 He was born 0155 B.C.. He was the grandson of Phriapatius.3 Gotarz.es (gwtrz?): Kuw-tari "god of the state."4 He remained, after Mithradates' death, with his queen, Asibatum, as sole ruler of the Parthian Empire at Iran.2 He reigned 91-87 or 91-81/80 BC.2 He first appeared as "satrap of satraps" under the Parthian king Mithradates II in a Greek inscription at Bisitun, Iran.2 A name carved nearby, Gotarses Geopothros (Son of Gew), may also represent him (or Gotarzes II, according to some scholars).2

Citations

  1. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Gotarzes I.
  3. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/, Gotarzes I (c. 95 - 90 B.C.).
  4. [S1371] Lost Langages, online http://www.lostlanguages.com/, parthian.htm, name of the Parthian king, with the correct Turkish reading and it's meaning.

Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt1

b. 0140 B.C., d. 0088 B.C.
Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt|b. 0140 B.C.\nd. 0088 B.C.|p268.htm#i13552|Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy V. P., King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|
FatherPtolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt1 b. 0184/3 B.C., circa, d. 0116 B.C.
MotherCleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt1 b. 0160/55 B.C., d. 0101 B.C., circa September
     Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt died 0088 B.C. At soon before September 14. Killed in a naval battle.2 He finally driven out of Egypt after selling off Alexander the Great's gold coffin to raise money. He willed his kingdom to Rome but they could not claim their inheritance while he was still alive. It did allow him to gain favor with moneylenders in Rome. This did allow him to finance a fleet 0090 B.C..1 He witnessed the death of Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt 0101 B.C., circa September; Assassinated by her son, Ptolemy X Alexander I.2,3 Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt returned to Alexandria under the pretense of a reconciliation with his mother 0101 B.C..1 He married Berenice III, Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt, 0101 B.C. At or sometime before; Her 1st. Uncle/niece.1,4,5 King of Egypt 0107-0088 B.C.. King of Cyprus 0114-0105/4 B.C.. Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt was the son of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt.1 Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt was born 0140 B.C..

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Berenice III, Queen of Egypt d. 0080 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  2. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  3. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  4. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 332.
  5. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Berenice III.

Mithradates II, King of Parthia1

b. 0155 B.C., d. 0088 B.C.
Mithradates II, King of Parthia|b. 0155 B.C.\nd. 0088 B.C.|p268.htm#i15250|Artabanus I, King of Parthia|b. 0185 B.C.\nd. 0123 B.C.|p268.htm#i6366||||Phriapatius, King of Parthia|b. 0215 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6368||||||||||
FatherArtabanus I, King of Parthia1 b. 0185 B.C., d. 0123 B.C.
     Mithradates II, King of Parthia died 0088 B.C..2 He was maintained diplomatic relations with the two greatest world powers, Rome and China 0090 B.C..3 He first dealt with the Romans, whose General Sulla met on the Euphrates with the Parthian ambassador Orobaze, and wisely refused to agree to follow in the Roman path and preferred to retain his neutrality in the struggle between Rome and Mithradates VI of Pontus, 0092 B.C..3 He concluded the first treaty between Parthia and Rome 0092 BCE.2 He placed Tigranes II the Great on the throne of Armenia 0095 B.C..3 He brought Hyspaosines, king of Characene, who had extended his possessions too far toward the north, back into submission 0100 B.C..3 He was a witness where Tigranes II Megas, King of Armenia raised to the throne of Armenia by Mithridates II of Parthia 0100-0095 B.C.3,4 Mithradates II, King of Parthia the first Parthian power to enter into direct contact with the Chinese empire when he received an embassy from the Han emperor Wu-ti who dispatched to meet them with an escort of 20,000 men. The Chinese were particularly interested in the horses raised in Fergana, which they needed to create a cavalry to fight the nomadic Hsiung-nu, or Huns, on their northern border.3 He conquered Mesopotamia and parts west, and defeated the Armenian king Artavasdes, whose son Tigranes (later Tigranes II) became a Parthian hostage and was redeemed only for the cession of 70 valleys.2 He recovered the eastern provinces that had been overrun by invading Saka nomads during his father's reign.2 He was one of the greatest of the Parthian kings, defeating all Seleucid attempts to reclaim their eastern territories 0123-0088 B.C..1,3 King of Kings of Parthia at Khorasan, Iran, 0123-0088 B.C..1,5 He was the son of Artabanus I, King of Parthia.1 Mithradates II, King of Parthia was born 0155 B.C.. He was the son and successor of Artabanus II.2 Also called Mehrdâd. Also called Mithradât.

Citations

  1. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Mithradates II (k. of Parthia).
  3. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  4. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 401.
  5. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica, Arsacid Dynasty.

P'aranjum, King of K'art'li

d. 0090 B.C.
P'aranjum, King of K'art'li|d. 0090 B.C.|p268.htm#i15217|Mruan I, King of K'art'li|d. 0109 B.C.|p268.htm#i6043|Princess of K'art'li||p51.htm#i6044||||N. N. the Kovkan||p221.htm#i25505|Sayurmak I., King of K'art'li|d. 0159 B.C.|p269.htm#i6045|Princess of Partaw||p130.htm#i15207|
FatherMruan I, King of K'art'li1,2 d. 0109 B.C.
MotherPrincess of K'art'li3
     P'aranjum, King of K'art'li died 0090 B.C. At the Tashir district. Killed in battle against Arbak of Armenia, who had been called in by the Iberian people to bring them a new king.1 He was the predecessor of Arshak I, King of K'art'li; 5th King of Kartli.4 4th King of Kartli at Transcaucasia 0109-0090 B.C..1,5 P'aranjum, King of K'art'li was the son of Mruan I, King of K'art'li and Princess of K'art'li.1,2,3 P'aranjum, King of K'art'li was the successor of Mruan I, King of K'art'li; 3rd King of Kartli.6,7 P'aranjum, King of K'art'li elevated the mages (zmogsn) of Iranian faith, built a place for them, presently called Mogt'a (House of the Mages) and established a fire-temple.1 He was accused by his own people as having become an Iranian and forgeting the faith of their mothers and worshipping [his] patrimonial religion.8 He was a descendant of Nebrot.9' Also called P'arnajom.3 He built the city of Nerkres in Kaxet'ia.1 He built the fortress Aden and erected an image at Aden.1

Citations

  1. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Ch. 4.
  2. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 41.
  3. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian).
  4. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 44, 379, 78-63.
  5. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 42, 379, 109-90.
  6. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chapter 4.
  7. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 40, 379, 159-09.
  8. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chap. 4.
  9. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 42.

Aristobulus VI, basileus of Chalcis1

d. 0092 CE
     Basileus at Armenia Minor 0053-0072 CE.1,2,3 Basileus at Greece 0072-0092 CE.1,2 Aristobulus VI, basileus of Chalcis died 0092 CE. Old age?4 He had Nero and Vespasian as patrons.4 Also called Aristobulus III.3

Citations

  1. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  2. [S915] Herodian Politics, online http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kchanson/politics.html, Basileus: a client-king.
  3. [S1296] Anne Elizabeth Redgate, TPoE: Armenians, fig 4.1.
  4. [S915] Herodian Politics, online http://www.stolaf.edu/people/kchanson/politics.html

Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos, King of Syria1

d. 0095 B.C.
Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos, King of Syria|d. 0095 B.C.|p268.htm#i13556|Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria|b. 0159 B.C.\nd. 0129 B.C.|p268.htm#i13555|Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria|b. 0165 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6263|Demetrius I. S., King of Syria|b. 0186 B.C.\nd. 0150 B.C.|p269.htm#i6264|Laodice|d. 0150/0149 B.C.|p269.htm#i30297|Ptolemy V. P., King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|
FatherAntiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria1,2 b. 0159 B.C., d. 0129 B.C.
MotherCleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria1,2 b. 0165 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
     Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos, King of Syria died 0095 B.C.. He was murdered by nephew, Seleukos VI.2 He was at war with half-brother Antiochus VIII who was murdered 0096 B.C..2 He captured Antioch 0113 B.C..2 He was a witness where Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria divided his realm with his (half-?)brother Antiochus IX 0115 B.C.3 King of Syria 0115-0095 B.C.. Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos, King of Syria was the son of Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria and Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria.1,2 Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos, King of Syria was co-ruler with his half-brother, Antiochus VIII Philometer Grypus. He was son of Antiochus VII and Cleopatra Thea.2

Citations

  1. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  2. [S1119] Jerusalem through Coins, online http://www.pinn.net/~sandy/index.htm
  3. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-72.

Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria1

b. 0142 B.C., d. 0096 B.C.
Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria|b. 0142 B.C.\nd. 0096 B.C.|p268.htm#i6041|Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria|b. 0160 B.C.\nd. 0125 B.C.|p268.htm#i6262|Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria|b. 0165 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6263|Demetrius I. S., King of Syria|b. 0186 B.C.\nd. 0150 B.C.|p269.htm#i6264|Laodice|d. 0150/0149 B.C.|p269.htm#i30297|Ptolemy V. P., King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|
FatherDemetrius II Nicator, King of Syria2,1 b. 0160 B.C., d. 0125 B.C.
MotherCleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria2,1 b. 0165 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
     Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria died 0096 B.C.. His death was caused by Heracleon’s treachery, when he had lived forty-five years, and had reigned twenty-nine.3 He was a witness where Antiochus IX Philopator Kyzikenos, King of Syria at war with half-brother Antiochus VIII who was murdered 0096 B.C.4 Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria divided his realm with his (half-?)brother Antiochus IX 0115 B.C..5 He married Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt, 0115 B.C; His 2nd. Her 2nd.5,6 King of Syria 0121-0096 B.C..4 Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria disposed of his mother 0121 B.C..4 He married Tryphaena, daughter of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt, 0124 B.C; His 1st. Her 1st.5,2,7 Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria came to power when his mother murdered his brother, Seleucus V (hence "philometer" or "mother-loving"), and she co-ruled with him till 0121 B.C., 0125 B.C.. King of Syria 0125-0096 B.C.. He was the successor of Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria; Queen of Syria.4 Co-Ruler of Syria 0126-0121 B.C..4 Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria was born 0141 B.C.. He was born 0142 B.C. At circa.5 He was the son of Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria and Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria.2,1 Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 414. ; 2. Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. ; 3. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.735. "Grypos" means "hooked nose." Antiochos VIII Epiphanes Philometor Kallinikos means "Antiochos the Illustrious, the Mother-loving, the Winner of Fine Victories", nicknamed Grypos "Hook-nose".1 Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria was at war with his half-brother Antiochus IX during much of reign.4 He was an ancestor of the kings of Commagene, as son of Cleopatra Thea, certain from the inscriptions at Nimrud Dagh.2 He was younger son of Demetrius II and Cleopatra Thea.4

Family 1

Cleopatra V Selene, Queen of Egypt b. 0140 B.C., d. 0069 B.C.

Family 2

Tryphaena b. 0141/140 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S1651] SFAGN, online http://www.sfagn.com/collection/collection.html, Antiochos VIII.
  2. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  3. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews-Book XIII, Chap 13, para. 4.
  4. [S1119] Jerusalem through Coins, online http://www.pinn.net/~sandy/index.htm
  5. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-72.
  6. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  7. [S1651] SFAGN, online http://www.sfagn.com/collection/collection.html, Antiochos XII.
  8. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-71.
  9. [S578] Fatih Cimok, Commagene Nemrut, pg. 56.
  10. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews-Book XIII, Chap 15, footnote 41.

Samus II Theosebes Dikaios, King of Commagene1

b. 0150 B.C., d. 0100 B.C.
Samus II Theosebes Dikaios, King of Commagene|b. 0150 B.C.\nd. 0100 B.C.|p268.htm#i6292|Ptolomaeus, King of Commagene|b. 0200 B.C.\nd. 0130 B.C.|p269.htm#i6294||||Orontes I., King of Armenia|b. 0235 B.C.\nd. 0200 B.C.|p269.htm#i6296||||||||||
FatherPtolomaeus, King of Commagene2 b. 0200 B.C., d. 0130 B.C.
     Samus II Theosebes Dikaios, King of Commagene died 0100 B.C.. He married Pythodoris Arshâmid, daughter of Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus and Laodice Seleucid, Queen of Pontus, 0121 B.C.1 King of Commagene at Anatolia 0130-0100 B.C..3 Samus II Theosebes Dikaios, King of Commagene was the son of Ptolomaeus, King of Commagene.2 Samus II Theosebes Dikaios, King of Commagene was born 0150 B.C..

Family

Pythodoris Arshâmid b. 0150 B.C.
Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 412-72.
  2. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 412-73.
  3. [S578] Fatih Cimok, Commagene Nemrut, pg. 56.

Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt1

b. 0160/55 B.C., d. 0101 B.C., circa September
Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt|b. 0160/55 B.C.\nd. 0101 B.C., circa September|p268.htm#i6273|Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|
FatherPtolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt b. 0190 B.C., d. 0145 B.C.
MotherCleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt b. 0190 B.C., d. 0116 B.C.
     Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt died 0101 B.C., circa September. Assassinated by her son, Ptolemy X Alexander I.2,3 She was a witness where Ptolemy X Alexander I, King of Egypt returned to Alexandria under the pretense of a reconciliation with his mother 0101 B.C.4 Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt was the predecessor of Berenice III, Queen of Egypt; Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, King of Egypt sent by his grandmother, Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt, in the company of his brother and Ptolemy XI Alexander II, his predecessor for safekeeping to Cos 0103 B.C. At Aegean Sea, Asia Minor.5 Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy XI Alexander II, King of Egypt sent by sent by his grandmother, Cleopatra III, queen of Egypt, in the company of his brother and Ptolemy XII Auletes, his successor, to Cos 0103 B.C. At Aegean Sea, Asia Minor.5 Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt driven out of Alexandria when his mother, Cleopatra III, accused him of trying to murder her 0107 B.C. At before November 15, probably before September 19.4,2 Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt married Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt, 0117 B.C; Son/mother. A political marriage.2 She married Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt, 0143 B.C; His 2nd. Uncle/niece.2,3 Queen of Egypt 0143-0101 B.C.. Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt was the daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt and Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt. Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt was born 0160/55 B.C..3 She was the daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II.3 Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 414. ; 2. Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. ; 3. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.737. Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt also went by the name of Cleopatra "the Wife" As opposed to her mother, who married, the same man, her brother, and who was known as Cleopatra "the Sister."6

Family 1

Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II, King of Egypt b. 0142 B.C., d. 0080 B.C.

Family 2

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt b. 0184/3 B.C., circa, d. 0116 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S197] Toby Dills, "Descendant of Antiquity," gedcom to Robert Stewart, 5 Feb 1999.
  2. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  3. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  4. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  5. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Ptolemy XII Auletes.
  6. [S715] Peter A. Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, pg. 214.
  7. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-72.

King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean1

d. 0103 BCE
King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean|d. 0103 BCE|p268.htm#i21337|John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea|b. 0175 B.C., circa\nd. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21335|N. N. (?)|d. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21353|Simon T., High Priest of Judaea|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21339|N. N. (?)|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21352|||||||
FatherJohn Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea1 b. 0175 B.C., circa, d. 0104 B.C.
MotherN. N. (?) d. 0104 B.C.
     King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean put his mother in bonds, for her contesting the government with him; for John had left her to be the governess of public affairs; and also proceeded to that degree of barbarity as to cause her to be pined to death in prison.2 He died 0103 BCE. "So I perceive I am not like to escape the all-seeing eye of God, as to the great crimes I have committed; but the vengeance of the blood of my kinsman pursues me hastily. O thou most impudent body! how long wilt thou retain a soul that ought to die on account of that punishment it ought to suffer for a mother and a brother slain! How long shall I myself spend my blood drop by drop? let them take it all at once; and let their ghosts no longer be disappointed by a few parcels of my bowels offered to them." As soon as he had said these words, he presently died, when he had reigned no longer than a year.3,2 He was the predecessor of Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea; High Priest.1 King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean broke his father's will and seized the throne from his mother and jailed or killed her and his three younger brothers.3 He witnessed the death of Antigonus the Hasmonean 0104 B.C; He was killed by his older brother who felt he was taking too much power.1,2 King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean witnessed the death of N. N. (?) 0104 B.C; She was imprisoned by her son, and died there.2 King of Judaea at Palestine 0104-0103 B.C..1,3 King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean was the successor of John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea; High Priest.1 King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean was the son of John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea and N. N. (?).1 King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean was a witness where John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea proceeded as far as Samaria, where is now the city Sebaste, which was built by Herod the king, and encompassed it all round with a wall, and set his sons, Aristobulus and Antigonus, over the siege.4 King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean married Alexandra Salome, High Priestess of Judaea; Her 1st.5 Also called Judas Aristobulus.6 His Hebrew name was Judas. King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean conquered the Ituraeans of Lebanon and forcibly converted them to Judaism.3 He was the first of his house, the Hasmoneans, to adopt the title of king (basileus).3 He was the oldest son of John Hyrcanus.2 He changed the government into a kingdom, and was the first that put a diadem upon his head, four hundred seventy and one years and three months after our people came down into this country, when they were set free from the Babylonian slavery.2 He and Antigonus the Hasmonean assigned to besiege a city in Samaria, and pushed it on so hard, that a famine so far prevailed within the city, that they were forced to eat what never was esteemed food, and the city invited Antiochus, who was called Cyzicenus, to come to their assistance; whereupon he got ready, and complied with their invitation, but he was beaten by Aristobulus and Antigonus; and indeed he was pursued as far as Scythopolis by these brethren, and fled away from them; and they returned back to Samaria, and shut the multitude again within the wall; and when they had taken the city, they demolished it, and made slaves of its inhabitants; and as they had still great success in their undertakings, they did not suffer their zeal to cool, but marched with an army as far as Scythopolis, and made an incursion upon it, and laid waste all the country that lay within Mount Carmel.4

Family

Alexandra Salome, High Priestess of Judaea b. 0140 BCE, d. 0067 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  2. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 3.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Aristobulus I.
  4. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 2.
  5. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Extracts with Commentary.
  6. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Aristobulus I (k. of Judaea).

John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea1

b. 0175 B.C., circa, d. 0104 B.C.
John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea|b. 0175 B.C., circa\nd. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21335|Simon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21339|N. N. (?)|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21352|Mattathias b. J., High Priest of Judaea|d. 0165 B.C.|p269.htm#i21342||||||||||
FatherSimon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea1,2 d. 0135 B.C.
MotherN. N. (?)3 d. 0135 B.C.
     John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea died 0104 B.C.. He died, leaving five sons behind him. He was certainly a very happy man, and afforded no occasion to have any complaint made of fortune on his account. He it was who alone had three of the most desirable things in the world, the government of his nation, and the high priesthood, and the gift of prophecy.3,2 He lived the rest of his life very happily, and administered the government after a most extraordinary manner, and this for thirty-three entire years together.3 He took the opportunity, when Antiochus moving against the Medes, to take Medaba and Samea, with the towns in their neighborhood, also Shechem, and Gerizzim; and besides these, [he subdued] the nation of the Cutheans, who dwelt round about that temple which was built in imitation of the temple at Jerusalem; and also a great many other cities of Idumea, with Adoreon and Marissa 0129 B.C. At circa.3 He faced off against Antiochus who had beseiged Jurusalem, he opened the sepulcher of David, who was the richest of all kings, and took thence about three thousand talents in money, and induced Antiochus, by the promise of three thousand talents, to raise the siege.3 He he laid siege to the fortress, and was superior to Ptolemy in other respects, but was overcome by him as to the just affection [he had for his relations]; for when Ptolemy was distressed, he brought forth his mother, and his brethren, and set them upon the wall, and beat them with rods in every body's sight, and threatened, that unless he would go away immediately, he would throw them down headlong; at which sight Hyrcanus's commiseration and concern were too hard for his anger. But his mother was not dismayed, neither at the stripes she received, nor at the death with which she was threatened; but stretched out her hands, and prayed her son not to be moved with the injuries that she suffered to spare the wretch; since it was to her better to die by the means of Ptolemy, than to live ever so long, provided he might be punished for the injuries he done to their family 0134 B.C..3 He considered the courage of his mother, and heard her entreaty, and set about his attacks; but when he saw her beaten, and torn to pieces with the stripes, he grew feeble, and was entirely overcome by his affections; and as the siege was delayed by this means, the year of rest came on, upon which the Jews rest every seventh year as they do on every seventh day, and on this year, therefore, Ptolemy was freed from being besieged, and slew the brethren of John, with their mother, and fled to Zeno, who was also called Cotylas, who was tyrant of Philadelphia, 0134 B.C..3 He escaped being imprisoned and killed by his brother-in-law Ptolemy 0134 B.C..3 He received the high priesthood, which his father had held before, and offered sacrifice to God, and then made great haste to attack Ptolemy, that he might afford relief to his mother and brethren 0134 B.C..3 High Priest at Judea, Palestine, 0134-0104 B.C..1 He and Judah the Hasmonean commanded with his brother the force that heroically repelled the invasion of Judaea led by Cendebeus, the general of the Syrian king Antiochus VII Sidetes, 0137 B.C..2 John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea was the successor of Simon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea; High Priest.1,4 John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea was born 0175 B.C., circa.2 He was the son of Simon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea and N. N. (?).1,2,3 John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea was related to Alexander Jannaeus, High Priest of Judaea; the youngest son of Johanan Hyrcanus.1 John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea was His career was marked by a series of conquests, notably by the reduction of Samaria and the forcible conversion of Idumea..5 He was youngest son of Simon Maccabeus and thus a member of the Hasmonean dynasty (so-called after an ancestor named Hasmoneus).2 He proceeded as far as Samaria, where is now the city Sebaste, which was built by Herod the king, and encompassed it all round with a wall, and set his sons, Aristobulus and Antigonus, over the siege.3 He was related to King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean; the oldest son of John Hyrcanus.6 John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea was the father of Antigonus the Hasmonean; the apparent second son of John Hyrcanus, and the favorite of his older brother Aritobulus.6 John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea married N. N. (?).6

Family

N. N. (?) d. 0104 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, John Hyrcanus I (k. of Judaea).
  3. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 2.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, The Hasmonean priest-princes, from Palestine, history of.
  5. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, VIII:History of the Jews.
  6. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 3.

Antigonus the Hasmonean1

d. 0104 B.C.
Antigonus the Hasmonean|d. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21338|John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea|b. 0175 B.C., circa\nd. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21335|N. N. (?)|d. 0104 B.C.|p268.htm#i21353|Simon T., High Priest of Judaea|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21339|N. N. (?)|d. 0135 B.C.|p269.htm#i21352|||||||
FatherJohn Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea1 b. 0175 B.C., circa, d. 0104 B.C.
MotherN. N. (?) d. 0104 B.C.
     Antigonus the Hasmonean died 0104 B.C.. He was killed by his older brother who felt he was taking too much power.1,2 He was the son of John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea and N. N. (?).1 Antigonus the Hasmonean was a witness where John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea proceeded as far as Samaria, where is now the city Sebaste, which was built by Herod the king, and encompassed it all round with a wall, and set his sons, Aristobulus and Antigonus, over the siege.3 Antigonus the Hasmonean and King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean assigned to besiege a city in Samaria, and pushed it on so hard, that a famine so far prevailed within the city, that they were forced to eat what never was esteemed food, and the city invited Antiochus, who was called Cyzicenus, to come to their assistance; whereupon he got ready, and complied with their invitation, but he was beaten by Aristobulus and Antigonus; and indeed he was pursued as far as Scythopolis by these brethren, and fled away from them; and they returned back to Samaria, and shut the multitude again within the wall; and when they had taken the city, they demolished it, and made slaves of its inhabitants; and as they had still great success in their undertakings, they did not suffer their zeal to cool, but marched with an army as far as Scythopolis, and made an incursion upon it, and laid waste all the country that lay within Mount Carmel.3 Antigonus the Hasmonean was the apparent second son of John Hyrcanus, and the favorite of his older brother Aritobulus.2

Citations

  1. [S909] Into his Own, online http://religion.rutgers.edu/iho/index.html
  2. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 3.
  3. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 2.

N. N. (?)1

d. 0104 B.C.
     N. N. (?) was a witness where King of Judaea Judah Aristobulus I the Hasmonean broke his father's will and seized the throne from his mother and jailed or killed her and his three younger brothers.2 N. N. (?) died 0104 B.C.. She was imprisoned by her son, and died there.1 She married John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea, son of Simon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea and N. N. (?).1

Family

John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea b. 0175 B.C., circa, d. 0104 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 3.
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Aristobulus I.

Mirdat I, King of K'art'li

b. 0020 AD, d. 0106 AD
Mirdat I, King of K'art'li|b. 0020 AD\nd. 0106 AD|p268.htm#i6007|Derok, King of K'art'li||p223.htm#i25674||||Armazel, King of K'art'li||p223.htm#i25672||||||||||
FatherDerok, King of K'art'li1
     Mirdat I, King of K'art'li was born 0020 AD. He was the son of Derok, King of K'art'li.1 Mirdat I, King of K'art'li had Armazi fortified for him by the Emperor Vespasian 0075 AD.2 He died 0106 AD.2 He was described on a stone inscription discovered at Mtskheta as "the friend of the Caesars" and king "of the Roman-loving Iberians".2 He was the successor of Derok, King of K'art'li; 14th (co-)King of Kartli.1 Mirdat I, King of K'art'li was co-ruler with P'arsman II K'ueli, King of K'art'li; 15th (co-)King of Kartli.3 King of Kartli at Inner K'art'li, Transcaucasia, between 116 and 132.4

Citations

  1. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 60.
  2. [S1164] Ronald Grigor Suny, Suny, pg. 15.
  3. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, 116-32.
  4. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle.

Mruan I, King of K'art'li

d. 0109 B.C.
Mruan I, King of K'art'li|d. 0109 B.C.|p268.htm#i6043||||N. N. the Kovkan||p221.htm#i25505|||||||N. N. the Kovkan||p130.htm#i25504||||
MotherN. N. the Kovkan1
     Mruan I, King of K'art'li was the son of N. N. the Kovkan.1 Mruan I, King of K'art'li died 0109 B.C.. He gave his daughter to the son of Arbak, King of Armenia, and then he himself died 0109 B.C..2 He was the predecessor of P'aranjum, King of K'art'li; 4th King of Kartli.3,4 3rd King of Kartli at Transcaucasia 0159-0109 B.C..5,6 Mruan I, King of K'art'li was the successor of Sayurmak I, King of K'art'li; 2nd King of Kartli.7,8 Mruan I, King of K'art'li assembled the cavalry and infantry of those loyal to him and went against the Durtske; a difficult battle ensued and the Durtsukets'ik' were defeated [with the king] and he entered the country, took Durtsuk', Chart'al, the Krazm gate which is there by Darbal, and happily came to Mts'xet'a.2 Erist'avi of Samšwilde.9 He was adopted son of Saurmag, and a descendant of Nebrot.10' Also called Mruan I of Kartli Armenian text.3 Also called Mirvan I of Kartli Georgian text.2 He was Saurmag of Iberia's mother's sister's son.7 He was a wise, brave and personally handsome man, who ruled as king in [Saurmag's] place.5 He married Princess of K'art'li, daughter of Sayurmak I, King of K'art'li and Princess of Partaw; Given by her father in marriage to "his Iranian wife's cousin (mother's sister's son)." 1st cousins, 1x removed.11,12

Family

Princess of K'art'li
Children

Citations

  1. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian).
  2. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chap. 4.
  3. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Ch. 4.
  4. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 42, 379, 109-90.
  5. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chapter 4.
  6. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 40, 379, 159-09.
  7. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chap. 3.
  8. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 38, 379, 234-159.
  9. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 40, Georgian text.
  10. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 40.
  11. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 409-74.
  12. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Ch. 3.
  13. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 409-73.
  14. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 41.

Nuada Necht mac Sétnai Sithbaicc, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1

d. 0109 B.C.
Nuada Necht mac Sétnai Sithbaicc, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 0109 B.C.|p268.htm#i13764|Sétna Sithbacc mac Lugdach Luathfhind Uí Éremóin||p115.htm#i13765||||Lugaid L. m. B. B. Uí Éremóin||p115.htm#i13767||||||||||
FatherSétna Sithbacc mac Lugdach Luathfhind Uí Éremóin2
     Nuada Necht mac Sétnai Sithbaicc, Ard-rí na h'Éireann died 0109 B.C.. 96th Monarch of Ireland 0110-0109 B.C.. He was the son of Sétna Sithbacc mac Lugdach Luathfhind Uí Éremóin.2 Nuada Necht mac Sétnai Sithbaicc, Ard-rí na h'Éireann also went by the name of Nuada "the White".3 Also called Nuadhas Neacht.4

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Láegaire Lorc, 84.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 21.
  3. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., T107.
  4. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, The Line of Heremon #39, pg. 785.
  5. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Baíscne mac Nuadat, 85.

Eterscél mac Éogan, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1

d. 0110 B.C.
Eterscél mac Éogan, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 0110 B.C.|p268.htm#i13914|Éogan mac Ailella Uí Éremóin||p119.htm#i14073||||Ailill A. m. I. Uí Éremóin||p119.htm#i14074||||||||||
FatherÉogan mac Ailella Uí Éremóin2
     Eterscél mac Éogan, Ard-rí na h'Éireann died 0110 B.C..1 95th Monarch of Ireland 0115-0110 B.C.. He was the son of Éogan mac Ailella Uí Éremóin.2 Also called Edersceal.3 Eterscél mac Éogan, Ard-rí na h'Éireann married Mes Buachalla ingen Echach Uí Éremóin, daughter of Eochaid Airem mac Finn, Ard-rí na h'Éireann and Esa ingen Echach Uí Éremóin.1 Eterscél mac Éogan, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was the father of Conaire Mór mac Eterscéoil, Ard-rí na h'Éireann; the son of Ederscel.4,5

Family

Mes Buachalla ingen Echach Uí Éremóin
Child

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Fiachu Fer Mara, 91.
  2. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Fiachu Fer Mara, 90.
  3. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, The Line of Heremon #38, pg. 785.
  4. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M5160.1.
  5. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, The Line of Heremon #40, pg. 785.

Eochaid Airem mac Finn, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1

d. 0115 B.C.
Eochaid Airem mac Finn, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 0115 B.C.|p268.htm#i13911|Finn mac Fintain Uí Éremóin||p93.htm#i11658||||||||||||||||
FatherFinn mac Fintain Uí Éremóin1
     Eochaid Airem mac Finn, Ard-rí na h'Éireann died 0115 B.C..1 He was the son of Finn mac Fintain Uí Éremóin.1 94th Monarch of Ireland 0130-0115 B.C.. Also called Eochaidh Aireamh.2 Eochaid Airem mac Finn, Ard-rí na h'Éireann married Esa ingen Echach Uí Éremóin, daughter of Eochaid Airem mac Finn, Ard-rí na h'Éireann; Father-daughter.1

Family 1

Esa ingen Echach Uí Éremóin
Child

Family 2

Child

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Heremon, 83.
  2. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, The Line of Heremon #37, pg. 785.

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt1,2

b. 0184/3 B.C., circa, d. 0116 B.C.
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt|b. 0184/3 B.C., circa\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6272|Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy I. P., King of Egypt|b. 0244 B.C.\nd. 0205 B.C.|p269.htm#i6278|Arsinoë I. P.|b. 0251 B.C.\nd. 0204 B.C.|p269.htm#i6279|Antiochus I. M., King of Syria|b. 0242 B.C.\nd. 0187 B.C.|p269.htm#i6027|Laodice I. Arshâmid|b. 0240 B.C.|p51.htm#i6028|
FatherPtolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt b. 0210 B.C., d. 0180 B.C.
MotherCleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt b. 0210 B.C., d. 0176 B.C.
     Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt died 0116 B.C. At June 28.3,4 He was a witness where Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt led a revolt against her husband, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II 0131-0130 B.C. Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt married his niece while her mother, his sister, was still his official wife 0143 B.C.. He married Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt and Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt, 0143 B.C; His 2nd. Uncle/niece.3,2 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt witnessed the death of Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, King of Egypt 0144 B.C; Killed in the wedding feast of his mother and her second husband, his uncle. His uncle, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, wished the throne, and had the support.5,4 King of Egypt 0145-0116 B.C..6 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt married Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt, 0145-0144 B.C; His 1st. Her 2nd. Siblings.3 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt proposed to Cornelia, daughter of P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus, widow of Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, who rejected him, 0154 B.C..2 At Cyrene, Libya, 0163-0145 B.C..4 He was a witness where Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt restored by Rome as joint ruler with Ptolemy VIII, his brother, 0169-0164 B.C.3 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt shared his throne with Cleopatra II, his wife, and Euergetes II, his brother and son-in-law, 0170 B.C. At October 5.3 King of Egypt 0170-0163 B.C..6 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt. Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt was born 0184/3 B.C., circa.2 Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 414. ; 2. Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. ; 3. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.737. He was the son of Ptolemy V by Cleopatra I.2 Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt also went by the name of Ptolemy "the Benefactor". Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt also went by the name of Ptolemy Physkon. Also called Ptolemy "the Potbellied" Physcon ("Potbelly").4 "Physkon" means "restored."

Family 1

Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt b. 0160/55 B.C., d. 0101 B.C., circa September
Children

Family 2

Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt b. 0190 B.C., d. 0116 B.C.

Citations

  1. [S197] Toby Dills, "Descendant of Antiquity," gedcom to Robert Stewart, 5 Feb 1999.
  2. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  3. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  4. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 332.
  5. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  6. [S715] Peter A. Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, pg. 213.
  7. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-72.

Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt1

b. 0190 B.C., d. 0116 B.C.
Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy I. P., King of Egypt|b. 0244 B.C.\nd. 0205 B.C.|p269.htm#i6278|Arsinoë I. P.|b. 0251 B.C.\nd. 0204 B.C.|p269.htm#i6279|Antiochus I. M., King of Syria|b. 0242 B.C.\nd. 0187 B.C.|p269.htm#i6027|Laodice I. Arshâmid|b. 0240 B.C.|p51.htm#i6028|
FatherPtolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt1 b. 0210 B.C., d. 0180 B.C.
MotherCleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt1 b. 0210 B.C., d. 0176 B.C.
     Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt died 0116 B.C. At after October 29.2 She led a revolt against her husband, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II 0131-0130 B.C.. She witnessed the marriage of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt and Cleopatra III Euergetes, Queen of Egypt 0143 B.C; His 2nd. Uncle/niece.2,3 Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt witnessed the death of Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, King of Egypt 0144 B.C; Killed in the wedding feast of his mother and her second husband, his uncle. His uncle, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, wished the throne, and had the support.4,5 Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt married Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt, 0145-0144 B.C; His 1st. Her 2nd. Siblings.2 Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt ruled on his own, with his wife, 0163-0145 B.C.2 Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt was a witness where Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt shared his throne with Cleopatra II, his wife, and Euergetes II, his brother and son-in-law, 0170 B.C. At October 5.2 Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt married Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt, son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt, 0176 B.C., 8 April - 14 Octob; Siblings.1,2,6 Queen of Egypt 0176-0116 B.C.. Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt was the daughter of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, King of Egypt and Cleopatra I Syra, Queen of Egypt.1 Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt was born 0190 B.C.. Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 413. ; 2. Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. ; 3. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.737.

Family 1

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Tryphon, King of Egypt b. 0184/3 B.C., circa, d. 0116 B.C.

Family 2

Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt b. 0190 B.C., d. 0145 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 413-74.
  2. [S284] E.Ptolemy, online http://www.houseofptolemy.org/housegen.htm
  3. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  4. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  5. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 332.
  6. [S680] Simon Hornblower and Tony Spawforth, Who's Who (Classical World), pg. 331.
  7. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 413-73.

Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus1

b. 0180 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus|b. 0180 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6021|Pharnaces I, King of Pontus|b. 0225 B.C.\nd. 0170 B.C.|p269.htm#i6025|Nysa|b. 0200 B.C.|p51.htm#i6026|Mithradates I., King of Pontus|b. 0270 B.C.\nd. 0210 B.C.|p269.htm#i6035|Laodice I., Princess of Syria|b. 0260 BC|p51.htm#i6076|Antiochus I. E., King of Syria|b. 0218 B.C.\nd. 0187 BC|p269.htm#i6023|Laodice I. Seleucid|b. 0223 B.C.|p51.htm#i6024|
FatherPharnaces I, King of Pontus1 b. 0225 B.C., d. 0170 B.C.
MotherNysa1 b. 0200 B.C.
     Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus was the predecessor of Mithradates VI Europator, King of Pontus; King of Pontus.2,3,4,5 Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus died 0121 B.C.. He was assassinated by his wife, Laodice, in a power grab on her part.1,6,3 He succeeded his father to the throne and built his palace in the city of Sinop, where he also fortified the walls and constructed a harbor of which the jetty may still be seen today, 0149 B.C..6 King of Pontus at northeastern Anatolia, Asia Minor, 0150-0121 B.C..6,3 He married Laodice Seleucid, Queen of Pontus, daughter of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, King of Syria and Laodice III Seleucid, 0151 B.C.6 Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus was the son of Pharnaces I, King of Pontus and Nysa.1 Mithradates V Eurgetes, King of Pontus was born 0180 B.C.. Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 411. ; 2. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.734.

Family

Laodice Seleucid, Queen of Pontus b. 0190 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 411-74.
  2. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  3. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, XII-Pontus.
  4. [S1037] DFA (Bagrat), online http://www.ut.ee/~votan/articles/bagrat.htm
    , Part VI.
  5. [S1181] Stewart Baldwin (e-mail address), DFA: possible pre-Arsacid link in "DFA (pre-Arsacid?)," newsgroup message 1996/06/22.
  6. [S584] Leslie Payne Delaney, Sinop in Ancient Times, Chapter 3.
  7. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 411-73.

Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria1

b. 0165 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria|b. 0165 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6263|Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|Ptolemy V. E., King of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0180 B.C.|p269.htm#i6276|Cleopatra I. S., Queen of Egypt|b. 0210 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6277|
FatherPtolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt2 b. 0190 B.C., d. 0145 B.C.
MotherCleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt2 b. 0190 B.C., d. 0116 B.C.
     Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria died 0121 B.C.. Cleopatra was obliged to drink a cup of poison which she had prepared for her son.3 She was the predecessor of Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria; King of Syria.3 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria witnessed the death of Seleucus V, King of Syria 0125 B.C; Killed by his mother.4 Queen of Syria 0125-0121 B.C..3 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria was witness to the Parthian capture of Babylonia, leaving the Seleucids with nothing but Syria 0126 B.C..5 She was co-ruler with Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Grypos, King of Syria; co-Ruler of Syria.3 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria married Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria, son of Demetrius I Soter, King of Syria and Laodice, 0139 B.C. At circa; Her 3rd.4 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria married Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria, son of Demetrius I Soter, King of Syria and Laodice, 0144 B.C; His 1st. Her 2nd (widow).2,6 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria married Alexander Balas, King of Syria, son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, King of Syria, 0149 B.C. At circa; Her 1st.7,4,6,8 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria was the daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt and Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt.2 Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria was born 0165 B.C.. Kleopatra Thea Eueteria means "Kleopatra the Goddess of Plenty", usually referred simply as Kleopatra Thea.1 Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 413. ; 2. Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. ; 3. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.737.

Family 1

Alexander Balas, King of Syria b. 0185 B.C., d. 0145 B.C.

Family 2

Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria b. 0159 B.C., d. 0129 B.C.
Child

Family 3

Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria b. 0160 B.C., d. 0125 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S1651] SFAGN, online http://www.sfagn.com/collection/collection.html, Antiochos VIII.
  2. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 413-73.
  3. [S1119] Jerusalem through Coins, online http://www.pinn.net/~sandy/index.htm
  4. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Demetrius II (of Syria)," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..
  5. [S288] PoH, online ..
  6. [S715] Peter A. Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, pg. 212.
  7. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-73.
  8. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  9. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  10. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm

Tigranes I, King of Armenia1

b. 0200 B.C., d. 0123 B.C.
Tigranes I, King of Armenia|b. 0200 B.C.\nd. 0123 B.C.|p268.htm#i6029|Artaxias I "the Conqueror", King of Armenia|b. 0230 B.C.\nd. 0159 B.C.|p269.htm#i6031||||Arshak of Armenia||p204.htm#i22973||||||||||
FatherArtaxias I "the Conqueror", King of Armenia b. 0230 B.C., d. 0159 B.C.
     Tigranes I, King of Armenia was the predecessor of Tigranes II Megas, King of Armenia; King of Armenia.2,3,4 Tigranes I, King of Armenia died 0123 B.C.. King of Armenia 0123/0115-0095 B.C..5 He was the son of Artaxias I "the Conqueror", King of Armenia. Tigranes I, King of Armenia was born 0200 B.C. At circa. He was the son or grandson of Artaxias I, the son, or father, of Artavasdes I.5

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 410-73.
  2. [S590] Hye Etch, online http://www.hyeetch.nareg.com.au/armenians/history_p1.html
  3. [S1037] DFA (Bagrat), online http://www.ut.ee/~votan/articles/bagrat.htm
    , Part VI.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Tigranes II the Great (k. of Arm.) .
  5. [S1038] e-mail address Ian, Re: Armenian kings
    in "Re: Armenian kings," newsgroup message 22 Feb 2001.
  6. [S1091] Armenian Highland, online http://www.armenianhighland.com/main.html

Artabanus I, King of Parthia1

b. 0185 B.C., d. 0123 B.C.
Artabanus I, King of Parthia|b. 0185 B.C.\nd. 0123 B.C.|p268.htm#i6366|Phriapatius, King of Parthia|b. 0215 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6368||||Prince of Parthia|b. 0255 B.C.|p54.htm#i6370||||||||||
FatherPhriapatius, King of Parthia2 b. 0215 B.C., d. 0176 B.C.
     Artabanus I, King of Parthia died 0123 B.C. At Bactria. Wounded in battle in the forearm, possibly from a poisoned spear, which almost immediately caused his death.2,1 He inherited the problems with the Saka, to whom he may have paid tribute, 0127 B.C..2 King of Parthia 0128-0124/0123 B.C..1,2,3 He was the son of Phriapatius, King of Parthia.2 Artabanus I, King of Parthia was born 0185 B.C..1 Artaban.us ()rtpn) Parthian king (211-191 B.C.) [(1) < Tr. Er-tapan "hero the wor­shiper; hero the helper," or (2) < Tr. Er-taban "hero-foot(ed)," with er "man, hero," tap- "to worship; to adore; to serve, to help; to find" (DLT), -an/-en, present participle, and taban "sole of the foot"].4 Sources: 2. Yarshater, E. 'The Cambridge History of Iran' Vol. 3(2), 'The Seleucid, Parthian and Sassanian Periods' pp.688.

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 417-73.
  2. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Iran, History of.
  4. [S1371] Lost Langages, online http://www.lostlanguages.com/, parthian.htm, name of the Parthian king, with the correct Turkish reading and it's meaning.

Meurig of Britain1

b. 0054 AD?, d. 0125 AD
Meurig of Britain|b. 0054 AD?\nd. 0125 AD|p268.htm#i10319|Gweirydd, King of the Britons|d. 0074 AD|p268.htm#i10322|Genuissa|b. 0034 AD?|p79.htm#i10326|Cynfelyn, King of the Britons|d. __ ___ 0017|p265.htm#i10323||||Emperor Claudius I. of the Romans|b. 0010 B.C., August 1\nd. 0054 AD, October 13|p267.htm#i10327|Aelia Paetina|b. 0008 AD?|p81.htm#i10465|
FatherGweirydd, King of the Britons2,3 d. 0074 AD
MotherGenuissa2 b. 0034 AD?
     Meurig of Britain was born 0054 AD?. He was the son of Gweirydd, King of the Britons and Genuissa.2,3 King of Britain 0074-0125 AD.3 Meurig of Britain died 0125 AD. "His remarkably long ancestry has been preserved in the ancient Welsh records."2,4,1 Also called Meric of the Trinovantes.2,1 He "ioyd his dayes in great tranquillity".3 Also called Marius.3 He married Victoria ferch Prasutagus of the Iceni, daughter of Prasutagus of the Iceni and Boudicca of Britain.2,1 Meurig of Britain erected a monumental Stone in memory of a victory over the Picts before 125 at Stanmere, England.2

Family

Victoria ferch Prasutagus of the Iceni
Children

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Tenuantius ap Lludd, 60.
  2. [S232] David Starr Jordan & Sarah Louise Kimball, Your Family Tree, pg 64..
  3. [S587] Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Qveene, Book 2, Canto X, A chronicle of Briton kings, from Brute to Vthers rayne. And rolles of Elfin Emperours, till time of Gloriane..
  4. [S235] Paternal Ancestry of H. B. James, online, I Copyright (c) Homer Beers James 1996 - In web form by P. McBride (mailto:e-mail address).

Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria1

b. 0160 B.C., d. 0125 B.C.
Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria|b. 0160 B.C.\nd. 0125 B.C.|p268.htm#i6262|Demetrius I Soter, King of Syria|b. 0186 B.C.\nd. 0150 B.C.|p269.htm#i6264|Laodice|d. 0150/0149 B.C.|p269.htm#i30297|Seleucus I. P., King of Syria|b. 0217 B.C.\nd. 0175 B.C.|p269.htm#i6266|Laodice I.|b. 0207 B.C.|p53.htm#i6267|Seleucus I. P., King of Syria|b. 0217 B.C.\nd. 0175 B.C.|p269.htm#i6266|Laodice I.|b. 0207 B.C.|p53.htm#i6267|
FatherDemetrius I Soter, King of Syria1,2 b. 0186 B.C., d. 0150 B.C.
MotherLaodice3 d. 0150/0149 B.C.
     Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria died 0125 B.C.. He was assassinated in a civil war.1,2 He returned to Syria and recovered the throne 0129 B.C..2 King of Syria, restored 0129-0125 B.C..2 He was a witness where Phraates II, King of Parthia held the Seleucid heir Demetrius captive, as had his father, and eventually sent him to fight against Demetrius' brother, Antiochus VII Sidetes, who sought to regain the eastern Seleucid provinces and remove Demetrius as a threat to his throne, 0130 B.C.4 Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria was while in Parthian captivitiy, he was given the Parthian king's daughter, Rodogune's, hand in marriage 0135 B.C. At circa.2 He was a witness where Mithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia captured and imprisoned the Seleucid heir Demetrius 0141 B.C.4 Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria campaigned against the Parthians who had taken Media, and was defeated and held prisoner, 0141-0140 B.C..1,2 He witness to the Maccabees who were uncontested in Judea 0142 B.C..5 He married Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria, daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt and Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt, 0144 B.C; His 1st. Her 2nd (widow).6,7 Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria was assisted by Ptolemy VI of Egypt in resecuring his throne from Alexander Balas, and marrying the latter's widow, the former's daughter, Cleopatra Thea, 0145 B.C..1,2 King of Syria 0145-0139 B.C..8 He was the son of Demetrius I Soter, King of Syria and Laodice.1,2,3 Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria was born 0160 B.C.. "Nicator" is Greek for "the Conqueror."9 Sources: 1. Stuart, R.W. 'Royalty for Commoners', line 414. ; 2. Bryan, K. 'Davidic Descents to the House of Plantagenet' Augustan, Vol. XXV, 16-23. ; 3. Green, P. 'Alexander to Actium' pp.735. Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria also went by the name of Demetrius II "the Conqueror".

Family

Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria b. 0165 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 414-73.
  2. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Demetrius II (of Syria)," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..
  3. [S1652] Corrections and Additions to John D. Grainger, online http://www.seleukids.org/additions.html
  4. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  5. [S288] PoH, online ..
  6. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 413-73.
  7. [S715] Peter A. Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, pg. 212.
  8. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Demetrius I (of Syria)," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..
  9. [S262] MS Encarta 99.
  10. [S1052] Egyptian Royal Genealogy, online http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/index.htm
  11. [S1651] SFAGN, online http://www.sfagn.com/collection/collection.html, Antiochos VIII.

Seleucus V, King of Syria1

b. 0143 B.C., d. 0125 B.C.
Seleucus V, King of Syria|b. 0143 B.C.\nd. 0125 B.C.|p268.htm#i17814|Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria|b. 0160 B.C.\nd. 0125 B.C.|p268.htm#i6262|Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria|b. 0165 B.C.\nd. 0121 B.C.|p268.htm#i6263|Demetrius I. S., King of Syria|b. 0186 B.C.\nd. 0150 B.C.|p269.htm#i6264|Laodice|d. 0150/0149 B.C.|p269.htm#i30297|Ptolemy V. P., King of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0145 B.C.|p269.htm#i6274|Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt|b. 0190 B.C.\nd. 0116 B.C.|p268.htm#i6275|
FatherDemetrius II Nicator, King of Syria1 b. 0160 B.C., d. 0125 B.C.
MotherCleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria1 b. 0165 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
     Seleucus V, King of Syria died 0125 B.C.. Killed by his mother.1 King of Syria 0125 B.C..1 He was the son of Demetrius II Nicator, King of Syria and Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria.1 Seleucus V, King of Syria was born 0143 B.C. At circa.1

Citations

  1. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Demetrius II (of Syria)," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..

Phraates II, King of Parthia1

b. 0146 B.C., d. 0128 B.C.
Phraates II, King of Parthia|b. 0146 B.C.\nd. 0128 B.C.|p268.htm#i15253|Mithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia|b. 0195 B.C.\nd. 0138 B.C.|p269.htm#i13644||||Phriapatius, King of Parthia|b. 0215 B.C.\nd. 0176 B.C.|p269.htm#i6368||||||||||
FatherMithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia1 b. 0195 B.C., d. 0138 B.C.
     Phraates II, King of Parthia died 0128 B.C.. Phraates' army, which sought to stop the Shaka nomads of the north, themselves called in as mercenaries, but discharged before payment, contained captured Greeks whom he treated with great cruelty; they deserted the Parthians in battle, joining the Shaka, and causing a terrible massacre, in which Phraates II himself was killed.1,2 He held the Seleucid heir Demetrius captive, as had his father, and eventually sent him to fight against Demetrius' brother, Antiochus VII Sidetes, who sought to regain the eastern Seleucid provinces and remove Demetrius as a threat to his throne, 0130 B.C..1 He moved to face the invading forces of the Saka in as the invasion appeared to have come over the Silk Route leading to Mesopotamia through Merv, Hecatompylos and Ecbatana 0130 B.C..1 He lost Babylonia 0131 B.C..1 He was took the throne on his father's death, and since being quite young, saw his mother acting as regent for him 0138 B.C..1 King of Parthia at Khorasan, Iran, 0138-0128 B.C..1,2 He was the son of Mithradates I Philhellene, King of Parthia.1 Phraates II, King of Parthia was born 0146 B.C..

Citations

  1. [S285] Parthia.com, online http://www.fivepointstech.com/parthia/
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Phraates II.

Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria1

b. 0159 B.C., d. 0129 B.C.
Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria|b. 0159 B.C.\nd. 0129 B.C.|p268.htm#i13555|Demetrius I Soter, King of Syria|b. 0186 B.C.\nd. 0150 B.C.|p269.htm#i6264|Laodice|d. 0150/0149 B.C.|p269.htm#i30297|Seleucus I. P., King of Syria|b. 0217 B.C.\nd. 0175 B.C.|p269.htm#i6266|Laodice I.|b. 0207 B.C.|p53.htm#i6267|Seleucus I. P., King of Syria|b. 0217 B.C.\nd. 0175 B.C.|p269.htm#i6266|Laodice I.|b. 0207 B.C.|p53.htm#i6267|
FatherDemetrius I Soter, King of Syria2 b. 0186 B.C., d. 0150 B.C.
MotherLaodice3 d. 0150/0149 B.C.
     Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria died 0129 B.C.. He was killed in battle against the Parthians.2 He was a witness where John Hyrcanus I, High Priest of Judaea faced off against Antiochus who had beseiged Jurusalem, he opened the sepulcher of David, who was the richest of all kings, and took thence about three thousand talents in money, and induced Antiochus, by the promise of three thousand talents, to raise the siege.4 Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria usurped the throne of Macedonia in the absence of his brother, Demetrius II, 0139 B.C..5 He married Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria, daughter of Ptolemy VI Philometor, King of Egypt and Cleopatra II "the Sister", Queen of Egypt, 0139 B.C. At circa; Her 3rd.5 King of Syria 0139-0129 B.C..2,6 Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria was the son of Demetrius I Soter, King of Syria and Laodice.2,3 Antiochus VII Sidetes, King of Syria was born 0159 B.C..2 Also called Antiochus Euergetes Seleucid.5 He was a witness where Simon Thassi, High Priest of Judaea afterward an auxiliary to Antiochus, against Trypho, whom he besieged in Dora, before he went on his expedition against the Medes.4

Family

Cleopatra Thea Eueteria, Queen of Syria b. 0165 B.C., d. 0121 B.C.
Child

Citations

  1. [S281] E.Egypt, online ..
  2. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  3. [S1652] Corrections and Additions to John D. Grainger, online http://www.seleukids.org/additions.html
  4. [S913] Josephus ben Matthias of Judaea, Josephus, Book I, Chapter 2.
  5. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Demetrius II (of Syria)," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..
  6. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/, the Seleucids.
  7. [S1119] Jerusalem through Coins, online http://www.pinn.net/~sandy/index.htm