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Pulcheria Theodosia

b. after 400, d. 453
Pulcheria Theodosia|b. a 400\nd. 453|p289.htm#i10632|Flavius Arcadius Augustus, imperator|b. 377\nd. 408|p287.htm#i10618|Aelia Eudoxia des Francs|b. c 380\nd. 404|p287.htm#i10624|Flavius Theodosius Augustus, imperator|b. 11 Jan 347\nd. 17 Jan 395|p287.htm#i10611|Ælia F. Flaccilla Augusta|b. c 352\nd. 385|p287.htm#i10617|Bauton des Francs|b. c 350|p147.htm#i16742||||
FatherFlavius Arcadius Augustus, imperator1 b. 377, d. 408
MotherAelia Eudoxia des Francs1 b. circa 380, d. 404
     Pulcheria Theodosia was born after 400. She was the daughter of Flavius Arcadius Augustus, imperator and Aelia Eudoxia des Francs.1 Regent of the East between 414 and 28 July 450.2 Pulcheria Theodosia married imperator Marcian circa August 425; His 2nd.1,3 Pulcheria Theodosia was a witness where Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens quarrelled with her sister-in-law, Pulcheria, and was banished to Jerusalem where she became the ruler in 444 at Palestine.4 Pulcheria Theodosia quarrelled with her sister-in-law, the Empress Eudokia, and saw her banished to Jerusalem in 444.4 She died in 453.1

Family

imperator Marcian b. 396, d. 457

Citations

  1. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  2. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Marcian (emp. of Rome).
  4. [S911] Hadrian to Islam, online http://users.iafrica.com/l/ll/lloyd/1-TimeLine/…..

Justa Grata Honoria Augusta

b. 417, d. circa 455
Justa Grata Honoria Augusta|b. 417\nd. c 455|p289.htm#i10649|Constantius III, imperator|d. 2 Sep 421|p288.htm#i10622|Galla Placidia the elder, augusta|b. 388\nd. 27 Nov 450|p288.htm#i10250|||||||Flavius Theodosius Augustus, imperator|b. 11 Jan 347\nd. 17 Jan 395|p287.htm#i10611|Galla Valentiniana|b. c 363\nd. 394|p287.htm#i10610|
FatherConstantius III, imperator d. 2 September 421
MotherGalla Placidia the elder, augusta b. 388, d. 27 November 450
     Justa Grata Honoria Augusta was born in 417. She was the daughter of Constantius III, imperator and Galla Placidia the elder, augusta. Justa Grata Honoria Augusta was apprehended in a love affair with the overseer of her estates circa 449 at Rome, Italy. Both supposedly were engaged in a plot to seize power for Honoria. As a result, her lover was executed and she was exiled to Constantinople. She was appealed for help to Attila the Hun circa 450 at Constantinople, Byzantium. Attila chose to interpret Honoria's missive as a marriage proposal, and demanded half of the western Roman Empire as her dowry. Attila's ultimatum was refused, and he responded by invading the western empire in 451 and 452.1 She married Flavus Bassus Herculanus before 455. Justa Grata Honoria Augusta died circa 455.

Family

Flavus Bassus Herculanus b. circa 415

Horsa, King of Kent

b. circa 424, d. 455
Horsa, King of Kent|b. c 424\nd. 455|p289.htm#i10056|Wihtgils (Anglo-Saxon Myth)|b. c 396|p77.htm#i10055||||Witta, under-king of the Swæfe (Anglo-Saxon Myth)||p111.htm#i13359||||||||||
FatherWihtgils (Anglo-Saxon Myth) b. circa 396
     Horsa, King of Kent was born circa 424 at Denmark. He was the son of Wihtgils (Anglo-Saxon Myth). Horsa, King of Kent was a witness where Hengest, King of Kent (Anglo-Saxon Myth) leader of the Jutes, along with his brother Horsa, who came to settle in England, landing in 446 at Ebbsfleet, Kent, England.1,2 Horsa, King of Kent was a witness where Hengest, King of Kent (Anglo-Saxon Myth) fought for the British king, Vortigern, as a mercenary against the Picts between 446 and 454. Co-Ruler of Kent at England between 449 and 455.3 Horsa, King of Kent died in 455 at Aylesford, Kent, England.

Citations

  1. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  2. [S216] Ingram's Edition, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
  3. [S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm

Forga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach1

d. 455
Forga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach|d. 455|p289.htm#i17259|Dalláin mac Lugdach Dál Fiatach||p152.htm#i17260||||Lugdach m. R. Dál Fiatach||p152.htm#i17261||||||||||
FatherDalláin mac Lugdach Dál Fiatach1
     Forga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach was the son of Dalláin mac Lugdach Dál Fiatach.1 Forga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach died in 455.2

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 1686.
  2. [S294] Various, Irish Annals.

Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator

b. 2 July 419, d. 16 March 455
Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator|b. 2 Jul 419\nd. 16 Mar 455|p289.htm#i10623|Constantius III, imperator|d. 2 Sep 421|p288.htm#i10622|Galla Placidia the elder, augusta|b. 388\nd. 27 Nov 450|p288.htm#i10250|||||||Flavius Theodosius Augustus, imperator|b. 11 Jan 347\nd. 17 Jan 395|p287.htm#i10611|Galla Valentiniana|b. c 363\nd. 394|p287.htm#i10610|
FatherConstantius III, imperator1,2 d. 2 September 421
MotherGalla Placidia the elder, augusta1,2 b. 388, d. 27 November 450
      Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator was born on 2 July 419 at Ravenna, Italy.3,2,4 He was the son of Constantius III, imperator and Galla Placidia the elder, augusta.1,2 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator was proclaimed Most Noble (Nobilissimus) by his uncle Honorius before 423. Nobilissimus between 423 and 424. Caesar in 424. He and Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta were engaged in 424.3 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator succeeded John as Emperor of the West in 425. Emperor at Western Roman Empire between 425 and 16 March 455.5 He married Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta, daughter of Theodosius II, imperator and Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens, on 29 October 437 at Constantinople, Eastern Roman Empire; Her 1st. 1st cousins, 1x removed.6,3,2,4,7 Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator issued, acting in conjunction with Pope Leo I the Great, the famous Novel 17, which assigned to the bishop of Rome supremacy over the provincial churches in 444.4 Romans, under Aëtius, with the Visigoths, under Theodoric I, and the Franks, under Merovech, defeat the invading Huns, under Attila. Theodoric killed. On 20 June 451 at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, Châlons-sur-Marne, Gaul.8,9 He was had the Roman General Ætius, who defeated Atilla the Hun at Chalons in 451, killed in 454. He murdered, as a result of false information that made him his doubt loyalty, Aetius, the great patrician, with his own hands in the imperial palace on 21 September 454 at Rome, Italy.4 He died on 16 March 455 at Rome, Italy, at age 35 years, 8 months and 14 days. Killed by two of General Ætius' supporters.2,4 He was the predecessor of Petronius Maximus, imperator; Emperor.10

Family

Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta b. 422
Children

Citations

  1. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  2. [S451] Leslie Mahler, later roman empire in "later roman empire," listserve message 05/02/1998.
  3. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Valentinian III (Roman emp.) .
  5. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Honorius.
  6. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  7. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol V, Eudocia.
  8. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 49.
  9. [S429] John Sweetman, Dictionary of European Battles, pg. 47.
  10. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Maximus, Petronius (Roman emp.) .
  11. [S242] Imperium, online http://www.ghgcorp.com/shetler/oldimp/

caesar Palladius Maximus1

b. circa 425?, d. circa May 455
caesar Palladius Maximus|b. c 425?\nd. c May 455|p289.htm#i26649|Petronius Maximus, imperator|b. 396\nd. 31 May 455|p289.htm#i10631||||||||||||||||
FatherPetronius Maximus, imperator1 b. 396, d. 31 May 455
     Caesar Palladius Maximus was son from an earlier marriage of the short-lived emperor Petronius Maximus.1 He was born circa 425?. He was the son of Petronius Maximus, imperator.1 Caesar Palladius Maximus married Eudokia "the Younger", daughter of Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator and Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta, in 455.1 Caesar Palladius Maximus died circa May 455.1

Family

Eudokia "the Younger" b. circa 440?

Citations

  1. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm, Petronius Maximus (17 March 455 - 22 May 455).

Petronius Maximus, imperator

b. 396, d. 31 May 455
      Petronius Maximus, imperator was born in 396.1 Prefect of Rome in 420.1 He proclaimed emperor the day after the emperor Valentinian III was murdered on 17 March 455 at Rome, Italy.1 He married Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta, daughter of Theodosius II, imperator and Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens, on 17 March 455 at Rome, Italy; Her 2nd.2,1 Emperor at Western Roman Empire between 17 March 455 and 31 May 455.1 Petronius Maximus, imperator died on 31 May 455 at Rome, Italy, at age 59 years. Having forced Eudokia to marry him, and she perhaps having invited the approaching Vandals to rescue her, Maximus tried to escape but was caught by the enraged Roman populace and torn limb from limb.1 He was the predecessor of Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator; Emperor.3

Family 1

Child

Family 2

Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta b. 422

Citations

  1. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Maximus, Petronius (Roman emp.) .
  2. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Avitus (Roman emp.) .
  4. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm, Petronius Maximus (17 March 455 - 22 May 455).

Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator1

b. circa 380, d. after 17 October 456
Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator|b. c 380\nd. a 17 Oct 456|p289.htm#i10286|Iulius Agricola, consul|b. 365\nd. a 421|p288.htm#i30293||||||||||||||||
FatherIulius Agricola, consul2 b. 365, d. after 421
     Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator was of a distinguished Gallic family, and the father-in-law of the Christian writer Sidonius Apollinaris.3 He was related to Gaïus Sollius Modestus Sidonius Apollinaris, bishop of Clermont; the son-in-law of Avitus.4 Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator was born circa 380. He was the son of Iulius Agricola, consul.2 Praetorian prefect in 439.4 Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator witnessed the death of Theodoric I, rex Gotthorum in 451; He was killed in the battle of the Catalaunian Plains, fighting Attila the Hun on the side of the Roman Aetius.5 Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator was able, by taking advantage of his great influence with the Visigoths who were settled at Toulouse, to persuade their king, Theodoric I, to join the Roman general Aetius in repelling the invasion of Gaul by the Huns under Attila in 451.1 Magister utriusque militiae ("master of both services") in 455.1 He was appointed magister utriusque militiae ("master of both services") by the Western emperor Petronius Maximus in 455.1 He was raised to the Western throne by the Goths (for the Goths understoof that no "Barbarian" could rule as Emperor, only a Roman) in 455. He was the successor of Petronius Maximus, imperator; Emperor.6 Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator was proclaimed emperor by the Goths, and saw this claim upheld by the Gallo-Romans at Arles, on 1 June 455 at Toulouse.1 Emperor at Western Roman Empire between 1 June 455 and 17 October 456.1 He was Consul in the West (serving alone) in 456. He was a witness where Gaïus Sollius Modestus Sidonius Apollinaris, bishop of Clermont delivered a panegyric to his father-in-law, a work which in essence is a history of the Gallo-Roman endeavors to bolster Gaul's political power with the help of the Goths, on 1 January 456 at Rome, Italy.4 Flavius Maccilius Eparchius Avitus, imperator was forced to abdicate by the general Ricimer and become bishop of Placentia on 17 October 456.1 He died after 17 October 456.1

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Avitus (Roman emp.) .
  2. [S1650] Christian Settipani, Settipani-Continuite Addenda, I, pg. 13.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Avitus (Roman emp.) - EB says Avitus was the son-in-law of the Christian writer, but chronologically, and per other source, he was actually the father-in-law of Sidonius..
  4. [S963] Goldberg, online http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/journals/EH/EH37/…
  5. [S227] Bishop of Tours Gregory, GT, bk II, ch. 7.
  6. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Maximus, Petronius (Roman emp.) .
  7. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm, Julius Nepos .

imperator Marcian

b. 396, d. 457
      Imperator Marcian was born in 396 at Thrace.1 He was the successor of Theodosius II, imperator; Emperor.2,3 Imperator Marcian married Noblewoman of Byzantium circa 420; His 1st.4 Imperator Marcian married Pulcheria Theodosia, daughter of Flavius Arcadius Augustus, imperator and Aelia Eudoxia des Francs, circa August 425; His 2nd.4,1 Imperator Marcian succeeded his brother-in-law, Theodosius II, as Eastern Emperor in 450. Emperor at Eastern Roman Empire between 28 July 450 and 457.2 He died in 457 at Constantinople, Eastern Roman Empire, at age 61 years.1 He was the predecessor of imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus; Emperor.2

Family 1

Noblewoman of Byzantium b. circa 400
Child

Family 2

Pulcheria Theodosia b. after 400, d. 453

Citations

  1. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Marcian (emp. of Rome).
  2. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Theodosius II (Roman emp.).
  4. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..

Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran1

d. 457
Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran|d. 457|p289.htm#i13529|Bahram V Gor, Shah of Iran||p113.htm#i13531||||Yazdgard I., Shah of Iran|d. 421|p288.htm#i13532|Šošanduxt of Iraq||p113.htm#i13533|||||||
FatherBahram V Gor, Shah of Iran2
     Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran was the son of Bahram V Gor, Shah of Iran.2 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran married Dinak (?).3 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran was the successor of Bahram V Gor, Shah of Iran; Shah of Iran.4,5,1,6 Shah of Iran between 438 and 457.1 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran was fought and then made truces with both the Romans under Theodosius II and the Hephthalites.1 He persecuted Christians and Jews.3,1 He was at war with Rome in 441.3 He was a witness where Arshawir Kamsarakan, tanuter of Armenia son-in-law, comrade-in-arms, and a commander of forces, of the sparapet Vardan in the revolt against the Iranians, and while Vardan died, he was captured in 451 at the Battle of Avarair.7 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran witnessed the death of Vardan II Karmir Mamikonean, Sparapet of Armenia on 2 June 451 at the Battle of Avarair; He was killed in battle. Though losing the battle he helped throw off the yoke of Iranian oppression.8 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran attempted to impose the Zoroastrian religion upon his Armenian subjects, which led to war on 2 June 451 at the Battle of Avarair.3,9 He was a witness where Arshawir Kamsarakan, tanuter of Armenia held in Vrkan in stringent bondage until the sixteenth year of the reign of King Yazkert in 455.7 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran died in 457 at P'arhssum.10 He was the predecessor of Hormazd III, Shah of Iran; Shah of Iran.1 Yazdgard II, Shah of Iran was the predecessor of Peroz I, Shah of Iran; Shah of Iran.4,11,1

Family

Dinak (?)
Children

Citations

  1. [S1228] Coins and history, online www.grifterrec.com.
  2. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 408-53.
  3. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 408-52.
  4. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Persia," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..
  5. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  6. [S1628] Unknown author Encyclopædia Iranica, III:518.
  7. [S1035] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA : P'arpec'i's (5th C).
  8. [S590] Hye Etch, online http://www.hyeetch.nareg.com.au/armenians/history_p1.html, The Vartanank War, The interregnum (428-861) .
  9. [S323] Robert Bedrosian, "in Armenia".
  10. [S1035] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA : P'arpec'i's (5th C), Part 3, Ch. 60 - [i P'arssum. The editors, in note 2 p. 108 express doubt about this reading].
  11. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Chapter 1.
  12. [S1035] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA : P'arpec'i's (5th C), Part 3, Ch. 60.

King of Picts Talorc I mac Aniel1

d. 457
King of Picts Talorc I mac Aniel|d. 457|p289.htm#i18040|Aniel (?)||p160.htm#i18038|N. N. verch Erp||p160.htm#i18039|||||||Erp (?)||p160.htm#i18041||||
FatherAniel (?)2
MotherN. N. verch Erp2
     King of Picts Talorc I mac Aniel was the son of Aniel (?) and N. N. verch Erp.2 King of Picts Talorc I mac Aniel succeeded his uncle, Drust I, to the Pictish throne in 453.2 King of Picts between 453 and 457.1 He died in 457.1

Citations

  1. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., [FA2].
  2. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., Chart 6. Celts (3) - The Picts.

Merovech, rex Francorum1,2,3

b. circa 415, d. 458
Merovech, rex Francorum|b. c 415\nd. 458|p289.htm#i7922|Chlodion, rex Francorum|b. c 394|p62.htm#i7923|Basina von Thüringen|b. c 385|p79.htm#i10290|Pharamond, rex Francorum|b. 370\nd. 427|p288.htm#i7924|Argotta des Francs Ripuaires|b. c 374|p79.htm#i10288|Weldelphus von Thüringen|b. c 350|p79.htm#i10291||||
FatherChlodion, rex Francorum1,4,5 b. circa 394
MotherBasina von Thüringen6 b. circa 385
     Also called Mérovée French.3 Merovech, rex Francorum was descended "some say" from Clodio.7 He was the eponymous ancestor of the Merovingian dynasty, the earliest ancestor of Clovis known with certainty.3 Also called Merowech German. He was born circa 415.4 He was the son of Chlodion, rex Francorum and Basina von Thüringen.1,4,5,6 Merovech, rex Francorum was the successor of Chlodion, rex Francorum; King of the Salian Franks. Merovech, rex Francorum married Chlodoswintha, daughter of Clovis, King of the Franks and Ildegonde, circa 435. Annals of Monte Fernando 437: "Moroveus tercius rex Francie."8 Merovech, rex Francorum was said to have become the third king of the Franks in 437.8 King of the Franks at Tournai, Francia Salica, Frankish Kingdoms, between 451 and 456.9,3 Romans, under Aëtius, with the Visigoths, under Theodoric I, and the Franks, under Merovech, defeat the invading Huns, under Attila. Theodoric killed. On 20 June 451 at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, Châlons-sur-Marne, Gaul.10,11 He helped defeat Attila the Hun, fighting alongside the Romans and Visigoths on 20 June 451 at the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains, Gaul. He died in 458.5

Family 1

Children

Family 2

Chlodoswintha b. circa 418, d. circa 449
Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 303-53.
  2. [S218] The Oxford Merovingian Page, online ..
  3. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 47.
  4. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Helenus, King of Epirus, 98.
  5. [S440] Léon van der Essen, Deux Mille, Gen Table I.
  6. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC.
  7. [S227] Bishop of Tours Gregory, GT, bk II, ch. 9.
  8. [S1105] Margaret Lantry, AMF, MF437.1.
  9. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/
  10. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 49.
  11. [S429] John Sweetman, Dictionary of European Battles, pg. 47.
  12. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 303-52.

Lóeguire, Ard-rí na h'Éireann

d. 458
Lóeguire, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 458|p289.htm#i15345|Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 405|p287.htm#i13865|Rígnach ingen Meadaib||p117.htm#i13867|Eochaid M., Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 365|p286.htm#i13872|Cairenn C. of Britain||p280.htm#i13874|Meadaib mac Ros||p119.htm#i14093||||
FatherNiall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1 d. 405
MotherRígnach ingen Meadaib
     Lóeguire, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was the son of Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann and Rígnach ingen Meadaib.1 Lóeguire, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was son of Niall.2 He was the eponymous ancestor of the Cenel Lóigaire.3 Of Cenel Lóigaire. He succeeded his 1st cousin, Dathi mac Fiachra, to the monarchy over Ireland in 428. 3rd High-King of Ireland between 428 and 458.4,5 Chronicon Scotorum 429: "Laeghaire, son of Niall, held the kingdom of Hibernia thirty years."6 Annals of the Four Masters 430: "The second year of Laeghaire. / An dara bliadhain do Laoghaire." ( (an unknown value)).4 Annals of Ulster 432: "In the 15th or 14th year of Laegaire son of Niall. From the beginning of the world according to the Seventy Interpreters 5885 years, according to the Hebrews 4636; from the Incarnation according to the Hebrews 685 years, according to Dionysius 432 years, but to Bede 431 years. / In .xu uel xiiii anno regni Laegaire mc. Neill. Ab initio mundi iuxta lxx. Interpretes um.dccc.lxxxu; iuxta uero Ebreos .iiiimdcxxxui. Ab incarnacione uero iuxta (Ebreos)) .dclxx(xu)., secundum autem Dionisium .cccc.xxx.ii. anni sunt; secundum uero Bedam cccc.xxxi anni sunt."7 Annals of the Four Masters 444: "The sixteenth year of Laeghaire, son of Niall, in the sovereignty. / An seiseadh bliadhain décc do Laoghaire mac Néill isin righe." ( (an unknown value)).2 Chronicon Scotorum 452: "A great battle-breach by Laeghaire, son of Niall, over the Lagenians."8 Annals of Ulster 453: "A battle-rout inflicted on the Laigin by Laegaire son of Niall. / Cathroinedh ria Laoghaire mc. Neill for Laighnibh."9 Annals of the Four Masters 453: "A great defeat was given by Laeghaire to the Leinstermen. / Cath-sraeineadh mor ria Laoghaire mac Nell for Laighnibh." ( (an unknown value)).10 Annals of Ulster 454: "The Feast of Temair held by Laegaire son of Niall. / Cena alias feis Temhra apud alias la Loeghaire filium Neill."11 Annals of the Four Masters 454: "The feast of Teamhair was celebrated by Laeghaire, son of Niall. / Feis Teamhra la Laoghaire, mac Néll." ( (an unknown value)).12 Annals of the Four Masters 457: "The battle of Ath Dara was fought against the Leinstermen by Laeghaire, son of Niall. Laeghaire was taken in that battle; and Laeghaire took oaths by the Sun and the Wind, and all the elements, to the Leinstermen, that he would never come against them, after setting him at liberty. / Cath Atha Dara ria Laighnib for Laoghaire, mac Nell. Ro gabhadh dna Laoghaire isin cath-sin, & do-rad Laoghaire ratha gréne & gaoithe, & na n-dul do Laighnibh nach tiocfadh forra tria bithu, ar a legadh uadha." ( (an unknown value)).13 Annals of Ulster 458: "The battle of Áth Dara was won by the Laigin over Laegaire, and in it he himself was taken prisoner, but was then freed on swearing by sun and wind that he would remit to them the cattle-tribute. / Cath Atho Dara for Laighaire re Laighnibh in quo & ipse captus est, sed tunc dimissus est, iurans per solem & uentum se boues eis dimissurum."14 He died in 458 at or 461 or 462, Ui Faelain. He died by the side of Caissi, between Eire and Alba, i.e. two hills which are in Ui Faelain; and it was the Sun and the Wind that killed him, because he had violated them.1,15,16 Annals of the Four Masters 458: "After Laeghaire, the son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, had been thirty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he died by the side of Caissi, between Eire and Alba, i.e. two hills which are in Ui Faelain; and it was the Sun and the Wind that killed him, because he had violated them. Concerning which the poet said: / Iar m-beith deich m-bliadhna fichet h-i righe n-Ereann do Laoghaire mac Nell Naoighiallaigh at-bath i t-taobh Caissi edir Erinn & Albain .i. da cnoc iad-sidhe filet i n-Uibh Faoláin, & grian & gaoth ros-marbh-somh ar na sharaigh iad. Conidh do sin at-bert an fili:
     
Laeghaire, son of Niall, died / At-bath Laoghaire mac Nell
On the side of Caissi, green its land; / for taob Caissi, glas a tír,
The elements of God, whose guarantee he had violated, / duile Dé ad-raegaid raith
Inflicted the doom of death upon the king. / tucsat dail m-bais forsan righ."
( (an unknown value)).1 Annals of Ulster 459: "Or in this year the battle of Áth Dara occurred according to others. / No gumadh air an Kl.-so cath Atha Dara secundum alios."17 He was a witness where Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin ruler of the Laigin who won a battle against Laegaire, son of Niall, at the battle of Áth Dara in 461.18 Lóeguire, Ard-rí na h'Éireann died in 461.5 Annals of Ulster 461: "Laegaire son of Niall lived for 7 years 7 months and 7 days after the Feast of Temair. / Loeghaire filius Neill post cenam Temhro annis .uii. & mensibus .uii. & dies .uii. uixit."16 Annals of Ulster 461: "The battle of Áth Dara was won against Laegaire by the Laigin, of whom Cremthann was then ruler. / Cath Atha Dara ria Laignibh for Laegaire quibus Cremthann tunc preerat."18 Annals of Ulster 462: "Death of Laegaire son of Niall, at Grellach Dabhaill or Grellach Ghaifil on the side of Caisse in Magh Life, between two hills called Eiriu and Albu; for the Laigin thought that it was sun and wind that killed him. / Mors Laeghaire filii Neill oc Greallaigh Daphil alias oc Greallaigh Ghaifil for taebh Chaisse in Campo Lifi etir in da chnoc, .i. Eiriu & Albu a n-anmanda, ar ata re Laighnibh gumadh grian & gaeth ros-mharbhsad."19 Annals of Inisfallen 463: "Kl. The death of Laegaire, son of Niall, at Grellach Dabaill between two hills, namely Ériu and Alba. [AU 462]."20

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M458.1.
  2. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M444.1.
  3. [S636] Ireland: History in Maps, online http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/kilkenny/2/iremaps.htm
  4. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M430.1.
  5. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 280.
  6. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Kal. ii. A.D.429.
  7. [S897] [unknown], AU, U432.2.
  8. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS452..
  9. [S897] [unknown], AU, U453.1.
  10. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M453.2.
  11. [S897] [unknown], AU, U454.1.
  12. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M454.2.
  13. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M457.2.
  14. [S897] [unknown], AU, U458.1.
  15. [S897] [unknown], AU, U462.1, "Grellach Dabhaill or Grellach Ghaifil on the side of Caisse in Magh Life, between two hills called Eiriu and Albu".
  16. [S897] [unknown], AU, U461.3.
  17. [S897] [unknown], AU, U459.2.
  18. [S897] [unknown], AU, U461.4.
  19. [S897] [unknown], AU, U462.1.
  20. [S496] Ed. & trans. Seán Mac Airt, AI, AI463.1.
  21. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M432.3.
  22. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M479.1.

Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain1,2

b. circa 370, d. circa 459
Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain|b. c 370\nd. c 459|p289.htm#i11569|Guortheneu ap Gwidol of Britain||p219.htm#i24800||||Gwidol a. G. of Britain|b. c 330|p92.htm#i11571||||||||||
FatherGuortheneu ap Gwidol of Britain
     Also called Guorthigirn.3 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain inherited Gwent from the dynasty of Octavius (Eudaf) through his marriage of Sevira, daughter of the usurper Magnus Maximus, who had in turn married the daughter of Octavius in the 4th century.4 Also called Gwrtheyrn Gwrtheneu. He was the father of Brenin Builth a Gwerthrynion Pasgen ap Gwrtheyrn o Powys; the third son of the Powysian Vortigern.2,5 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was born circa 370.1 He was the son of Guortheneu ap Gwidol of Britain. Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was the successor of Guortheneu ap Gwidol of Britain; King of Powys.2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain married Severa verch Macsen, daughter of Western Emperor Magnus Clemens Maximus Constantine and St. Elen Lwyddog verch Eudaf of Britain, before 402.1,4 King of Powys at Wales between 418 and 425.2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was the predecessor of Brenin Builth a Gwerthrynion Pasgen ap Gwrtheyrn o Powys; King of Builth.2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was the predecessor of Brenin Builth a Gwerthrynion Pasgen ap Gwrtheyrn o Powys; King of Gwerthrynion.2 High King of Britain between 425 and 455.2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was the predecessor of King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain; King of Gwerthefyriwg (Gwent).2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was the predecessor of King of Powys Cadeyrn Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain; King of Powys.2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain married Rowen, daughter of Hengst and niece of Horsa, and gave Hengst the province of Kent circa 449.6 He married Rowen, daughter of Hengest, King of Kent (Anglo-Saxon Myth), circa 449.6 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain was the predecessor of King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain; High King of Britain.2 Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain died circa 459 at Genoreu, on the river Gania, Hergin, Cambria, Britain. He was burned to death in his tower by Aurelius Ambrosius, for the treason he had shown Aurelius' father, Constantine, and brother, Constans.1,7

Family 1

Severa verch Macsen b. circa 370
Children

Family 2

Rowen

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm
  3. [S1082] Brenin Powys Cyngen ap Cadell o Powys, Eliseg's Pillar, (E-text by Jeff Davies, translator).
  4. [S665] Vortigern Studies, online www.vortigern.org.
  5. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Book VIII, Chapt. 13.
  6. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Book VI, Chapt. 12.
  7. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Book VIII, Chapt. 2.

King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain1

b. circa 402, d. circa 460
King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain|b. c 402\nd. c 460|p289.htm#i11966|Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain|b. c 370\nd. c 459|p289.htm#i11569|Severa verch Macsen|b. c 370|p92.htm#i11570|Guortheneu a. G. of Britain||p219.htm#i24800||||Western Emperor Magnus C. M. Constantine|b. c 340\nd. 388|p287.htm#i11580|St. E. L. v. E. of Britain|b. c 340|p92.htm#i11581|
FatherVortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain1 b. circa 370, d. circa 459
MotherSevera verch Macsen1 b. circa 370
     Also called Gwrthefyr "Bendigeit".2 King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain also went by the name of Vortimer "the Blessed" Fendigaid = the Blessed. He was born circa 402.1 He was the son of Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain and Severa verch Macsen.1 King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain was the successor of Vortigern Vorteneu, High King of Britain; King of Powys.3 King of Gwerthefyriwg (Gwent) at Wales between 430 and 460.3 High King of Britain circa 455.3 King of Gwerthefyriwg Vortimer Fendigaid ap Gwrtheyrn of Britain died circa 460.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S665] Vortigern Studies, online www.vortigern.org.
  3. [S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm

King of the Danes Frode V Skjölding

d. 460
King of the Danes Frode V Skjölding|d. 460|p289.htm#i13334|Hálfdan II Frodasson, King of the Danes|d. 580|p294.htm#i10105||||Frode I. F., King of the Danes||p111.htm#i13320||||||||||
FatherHálfdan II Frodasson, King of the Danes1 d. 580
     King of the Danes Frode V Skjölding was the son of Hálfdan II Frodasson, King of the Danes.1 King of the Danes Frode V Skjölding was the successor of Hálfdan II Frodasson, King of the Danes; King of the Danes.2 King of the Danes at Denmark between 457 and 460.2 King of the Danes Frode V Skjölding died in 460.1 He was the predecessor of Helgi Halfdansson, King of the Danes; King of the Danes.2

Citations

  1. [S277] Gene Gurney, Kingdoms of Europe, pg. 430, Denmark.
  2. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html, Scandanavia, Denmark.

Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens

b. after 400, d. 461
Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens|b. a 400\nd. 461|p289.htm#i10626|Leontios of Athens|b. c 370|p147.htm#i16741||||||||||||||||
FatherLeontios of Athens1,2 b. circa 370
     Also called Eudokia.3 Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens was the daughter of Leontius, one of the last pagans who taught rhetoric at Athens.2 Also called Athenaïs. She was related to Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta; the daughter of Theodosius II and Eudocia.4,2 Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens was born after 400 at Athens, Greece. She was the daughter of Leontios of Athens.1,2 Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens married Theodosius II, imperator, son of Flavius Arcadius Augustus, imperator and Aelia Eudoxia des Francs, on 7 June 421; The marriage was arrainged by Theodosius' sister, Plechtrude.5,2 Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens made her first pilgrimage to Jerusalem; on the way she stopped at Antioch and made a speech with a quotation from Homer that greatly delighted the citizens–so much so that they set up a golden statue in her, in 438.2 She gave the Jews permission to pray on Temple Mount on holy days other than the Ninth of Av in 438.3 She dedicated a small shrine to "St. Stephen" outside the northern gate of Jerusalem on 15 May 439 at Palestine.3 She fell into disgrace through an unjust suspicion of infidelity with Paulinos, the "Master of the Offices"; Paulinos was murdered and Eudocia banished in 441.2 She returned to Jerusalem to remain in 442.2 She became, for a time, an ardent Monophysite between 442 and 453.2 She permitted Temple reconstruction, but the effort failed in 443 at Jerusalem, Palestine.3 She quarrelled with her sister-in-law, Pulcheria, and was banished to Jerusalem where she became the ruler in 444 at Palestine.3 She was a witness where Pulcheria Theodosia quarrelled with her sister-in-law, the Empress Eudokia, and saw her banished to Jerusalem in 444.3 Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens built many new churches and hospices in and around Jerusalem, and together with bishop Juvenal of Jerusalem, supported the monophysite Christians (represented in Jerusalem today by Coptic, Syrian Jacobites, Armenian, and Ethiopian Christians) after 444 at Palestine.3 She returned to the Catholic faith after Pope Leo of Rome wrote to convert her in 453.2 She consulted the Syrian ascetic Simeon Stylites, after the death of her husband, over the disunity of Christendom, and referred to the Armenian monastic leader, Euthymius, who convinced her on the Orthodox theology, and therefore the Orthodox patriarch Anastasius became archbishop of Jerusalem in 457 at Palestine.3 She died in 461 at Jerusalem.1,6 Empress Aelia Eudokia of Athens was buried in the church of St. Stephen, Jerusalem. She was buried in the church of St. Stephen, built by her outside the northern gate.2

Family

Theodosius II, imperator b. 10 April 401, d. 28 July 450
Child

Citations

  1. [S451] Leslie Mahler, later roman empire in "later roman empire," listserve message 05/02/1998.
  2. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol V, Eudocia.
  3. [S911] Hadrian to Islam, online http://users.iafrica.com/l/ll/lloyd/1-TimeLine/…..
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Valentinian III (Roman emp.) .
  5. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  6. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol V, Eudocia, circa 460.

Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias1

b. circa 398, d. 17 March 461
Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias|b. c 398\nd. 17 Mar 461|p289.htm#i18075|Calpurnius of Britain|b. c 370|p162.htm#i18242|N. N. of Wales|b. c 378|p169.htm#i18802|Potaide of Britain||p212.htm#i23912||||Potitus of Wales|b. c 348|p169.htm#i18801||||
FatherCalpurnius of Britain1,2 b. circa 370
MotherN. N. of Wales1 b. circa 378
     Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias was a witness where Darerca verch Calpurnius sister of St. Patrick of Ireland.3,4 His original name was Succat — a Celtic name meaning victorious.1 Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias was son of Calphurn, grandson of Potaide.5 Also called Saint Patrick of Ireland. He was born circa 398 at Britain. He was born in Britain of a Romanized family. It is not possible to say with any assurance when Patrick was born.1,6 He was the son of Calpurnius of Britain and N. N. of Wales.1,2 Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias was torn by Irish raiders from the villa of his father and carried into slavery in Ireland in 414.6 He was spent six bleak years spent as a herdsman, and turned with fervour to his faith between 414 and 420 at Ireland.6 He heard in a dream that the ship in which he was to escape was ready, at whcih he fled his master and found passage to Britain, where he came near to starvation and suffered a second brief captivity before at last being reunited with his family at Ireland.6 Annals of Ulster 423: "Patrick arrived in Ireland in the ninth year of the reign of Theodosius the Less and in the first year of the episcopate of Xistus, 42nd bishop of the Roman Church. So Bede, Maxcellinus and Isidore compute in their chronicles. / Patricius peruenit ad Hiberniam nono anno regni Teodosii Minoris, primo anno episcopatus Xisti xl.ii. episcopi Romane Eclesie. Sic enumerant Beda & Marcillinus & Issiodorus in Cronicis suis."7 He was should not be confused with Palladius, who was ordained to be "the first bishop to the Irish believers in Christ" by Pope Celestine the First in 431.6 He took the name of Patrick (Patricius) when he became the second bishop to Ireland circa 432.1 He was a witness where Fedhlim mac Laeghaire granted to God and (St.) Patrick, Ath Truim, in 432.8 Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias arrived, one year after Palladius did, in Ireland, and proceeded to baptize and bless the Irish, men, women, sons, and daughters, except a few who did not consent to receive faith or baptism from him, in 432.7 He was granted the land on which he founded Ath Truim, by Fedhlim, son of Laeghaire, son of Niall, to God and to him, Loman, and Fortchern, in 432.8 He witnessed the baptism of rí Mumhan Áengus mac Nad Froích Éoganachta between 432 and 453; He was baptized by St. Patrick. When the Saint offering to fasten his Staff or Crozier in the ground, accidently happened to pierce the foot of Æneas through, whereby he lost much blood; but thinking it part of the ceremony of baptism, he patiently endured it until the Saint was done.9 Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias was approved in the Catholic faith in 441.10 He was flourishing in the fervour of the Faith and in the doctrine of Christ in 443 at Ulster, Ireland.11 He was a witness where King of Alclud Ceretic Guletic of the Damnonii admonished by St. Patrick to stop capturing youths in Ireland to sell into slavery in Pictland in 450.12 Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias admonished Ceretic of Alclud to stop selling the youths of Ireland as slaves in Pictland in 450.12 He is said, by some books, to have died in this year in 457.13 Annals of the Four Masters 457: "Ard Machab was founded by Saint Patrick, it having been granted to him by Daire, son of Finnchadh, son of Eoghan, son of Niallan. Twelve men were appointed by him for building the town. He ordered them, in the first place, to erect an archbishop's city there, and a church for monks, for nuns, and for the other orders in general, for he perceived that it would be the head and chief of the churches of Ireland in general. / Ard Macha d'fothuccadh lá Naomh Patraicc iarna edhbairt do ó Dhaire mac Fionnchadha mic Eoghain mic Nialláin. Ro h-oirdnedh da fhir dhécc lais fri cumhdach an bhaile. Ro thionchoiscc dhóibh cetus, cathair airdepscoip do dhenamh isuidhe, & ecclus do mhanchaibh, & do chailleacha, & d'urdaibh oile archena doigh ro fhind-siomh combadh si budh cenn, & budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Erenn a coitchinne." ( (an unknown value)).14 He was a witness where Ercc mac Echach visited by St. Patrick, before the St.'s death in 461, who prophesied that Fergus, supposedly already an adult at this time, would be the father of a great nation before 461.15 Apostle of Ireland, St. Patrick Succat ap Calpurnias prophesied for Erc that his son Fergus would found a great nation, that of Dál Riata, before 461.15 Annals of Ulster 461: "Here some record the repose of Patrick. / Hic alii quietem Patrici dicunt."16 He died on 17 March 461 at Saul, near Downpatrick, County Down, Ireland.15,16 Annals of the Four Masters 493: "Patrick, son of Calphurn, son of Potaide, archbishop, first primate, and chief apostle of Ireland, whom Pope Celestine the First had sent to preach the Gospel and disseminate religion and piety among the Irish, was the person who separated them from the worship of idols and spectres, who conquered and destroyed the idols which they had for worshipping; who had expelled demons and evil spirits from among them, and brought them from the darkness of sin and vice to the light of faith and good works, and who guided and conducted their souls from the gates of hell (to which they were going), to the gates of the kingdom of heaven. It was he that baptized and blessed the men, women, sons and daughters of Ireland, with their territories and tribes, both fresh waters and sea inlets. It was by him that many cells, monasteries, and churches were erected throughout Ireland; seven hundred churches was their number. It was by him that bishops, priests, and persons of every dignity were ordained; seven hundred bishops, and three thousand priests was their number. He worked so many miracles and wonders, that the human mind is incapable of remembering or recording the amount of good which he did upoh earth. When the time of St. Patrick's death approached, he received the Body of Christ from the hands of the holy Bishop Tassach, in the 122nd year of his age, and resigned his spirit to heaven. / Patraicc, mac Calpuirn, mic Potaide, airdeaspuc, ceitt-priomhaidh & ardapstol Ereann, do chuir an céd Celestinus Papa do phroichept soiscela & do shíoladh irsi & crabhaidh do Ghaoidhealaibh, as é ro etarsccar iaid-sidhe fri h-adhradh iodhal & arracht, ro chosccair & ro choimbhris na h-iodhla batar aga n-adhradh aca. Ro indarb deamhna & droch-spirada uaidhibh, & tucc iad ó dhorcha peacaidh & doailche co soilsi creidimh & caoin-ghníomh, ro threoraigh & ro shédaigh a n-anmanna o dhóirsibh ifrinn (gus a m-batar ag dul) go dóirsibh flatha nimhe. As e dna ro bhaist & ro bhendaigh fir, mna, maca, & inghena Ereann, cona t-tíribh & co na t-treabhaibh, etir uiscce & inbher muiridh. As leis do-rónadh cealla, mainistrecha, & ecclasa iomdha sechnón Ereann. Seacht c-céd ceall a líon. As leis céttus ro h-oirdneadh epscoip, sacairt, & aos gach gráidh archena, secht g-ced epspoc & trí mhíle sagart a líon. Do-roine ferta & mírbhaile iomdha, coná cumhaing aiccnedh daonna a chuimhniúghadh na a foraithmhet a n-do-ríghene do mhaith isna talmannaibh. O ro comhfoiccsigh aimsir eitsechta naomh Patraicc h-i Sabhall, ro thochaith corp Chríost a lámhaibh an naoimh-epscoip Tassach, isin 122 a aoisi, & ro fhaidh a spirat do chum nimhe." ( (an unknown value)).2

Citations

  1. [S646] St. Patrick's Family Tree, online www.rootsweb.com.
  2. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M493.3.
  3. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  4. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M447.2.
  5. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M493.2.
  6. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, "Patrick, Saint".
  7. [S897] [unknown], AU, U432.1.
  8. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M432.3.
  9. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, Vol I, pg. 70.
  10. [S897] [unknown], AU, U441.2.
  11. [S897] [unknown], AU, U443.1.
  12. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., [FB1].
  13. [S897] [unknown], AU, U457.2.
  14. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M457.3.
  15. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., [FC1].
  16. [S897] [unknown], AU, U461.2.

King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi1

d. circa 462
King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi|d. c 462|p289.htm#i19073|King of al-Hirah al-Nu'man I ibn 'Amr al-Hirahi|d. a 418|p288.htm#i10857||||King of al-Hirah 'Amr II ibn Imru'u al-Qays al-Hirahi||p85.htm#i10858||||||||||
FatherKing of al-Hirah al-Nu'man I ibn 'Amr al-Hirahi2 d. after 418
     King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi was the son of King of al-Hirah al-Nu'man I ibn 'Amr al-Hirahi.2 King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi was the successor of King of al-Hirah al-Nu'man I ibn 'Amr al-Hirahi; King of al-Hirah.3,4 King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi was a witness where Bahram V Gor, Shah of Iran finished his education at the court of al- Mundhir, son of al-Nu'man I, the Lakhmid Arab king of al-Hira between 418 and 420 at Mesene, Iraq.1 King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi finished the education of the famous Bahram, and aided him in securing the Persian crown between 418 and 420.4 King of al-Hirah at Mesene, Iraq, between 418 and 462.1,2,4 He was a witness where Bahram V Gor, Shah of Iran supported by al-Mundhir, the Lakhmid Arab king of al-Hira, in gaining the throne following his father's assassination in 421.1 King of al-Hirah al-Mundhir I ibn al-Nu'man al-Hirahi supported Bahram V, who was educated at his court, to the throne of Persia on the death of Bayram's father, Yazdegerd I, in 421.1 He concluded a peace with the Romans and we hear little more of him from the Greek and Latin historians, whose incidental notices of the border Arabs are confined to the wars between the two empires, in 422.4 He died circa 462.1 He died circa 473.2

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  2. [S203] R. F. Tapsell, Royalty of the World, 184.3 (S2), pg. 376.
  3. [S203] R. F. Tapsell, Royalty of the World, 184.2 (S1), pg. 376.
  4. [S954] Esq., Bengal Civil Service William Muir Muir on Mahomet, Vol. 1, Chap. 3, Sect. 2.
  5. [S203] R. F. Tapsell, Royalty of the World, 184.4 (S3), pg. 376.
  6. [S203] R. F. Tapsell, Royalty of the World, 184.5 (S3), pg. 376.

Frideric Balthi

b. before 420, d. 463
Frideric Balthi|b. b 420\nd. 463|p289.htm#i10699|Theodoric I, rex Gotthorum|b. c 399\nd. 451|p288.htm#i10149|N. N. the Visigoth|b. c 400|p78.htm#i10151|||||||Alarico I., rey Visigodo|b. c 370\nd. 410|p287.htm#i10152|N. N. (?)|b. c 375|p82.htm#i10608|
FatherTheodoric I, rex Gotthorum b. circa 399, d. 451
MotherN. N. the Visigoth b. circa 400
     Frideric Balthi was born before 420. He was the son of Theodoric I, rex Gotthorum and N. N. the Visigoth. Frideric Balthi witnessed the death of Thorismund, rex Gotthorum in 453; d.s.p. He was murdered by his brother Theoderic and Frideric.1,2 Frideric Balthi was sent by his brother Theodoric against the Spanish Bacaudae in 454.3 He died in 463 at the Loire Valley. Died fighting the Roman Aegidius.3,4

Citations

  1. [S75] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1979, pg. 202, d.s.p..
  2. [S75] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1979, pg. 203.
  3. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, pg. 16.
  4. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 23, figure 1.

King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany1

b. circa 373, d. 464
King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany|b. c 373\nd. 464|p289.htm#i11524|High King of Brittany Salomon I ap Gradlon of Brittany|b. c 355\nd. 446|p288.htm#i11527|N. N. filia Patricius Flavius|b. c 355|p91.htm#i11528|King of Brittany Gradlon M. a. C. M. of Brittany|b. c 330|p279.htm#i11529|Tigridia of Ireland|b. c 330|p91.htm#i11530|||||||
FatherHigh King of Brittany Salomon I ap Gradlon of Brittany1 b. circa 355, d. 446
MotherN. N. filia Patricius Flavius1 b. circa 355
     Also called Audren.2 Also called Alain.2 King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany was the brother of King of the Britons Constantine ap Solomon of Britain; the brother of Aldroen, King of Lesser Britain.3 King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany was born circa 373.1 He was the son of High King of Brittany Salomon I ap Gradlon of Brittany and N. N. filia Patricius Flavius.1 King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany married N. N. of Ireland before 420.1 King of Brittany at France before 464.1 King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany died in 464.1,2

Family

N. N. of Ireland b. circa 400
Children

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Caradoc, Lord of Meiriadog, 77.
  3. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Book VI, Chapt. 4.

Conall Gulban a quo Cenél Conaill, rí Tir Conaill

d. 464
Conall Gulban a quo Cenél Conaill, rí Tir Conaill|d. 464|p289.htm#i13870|Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 405|p287.htm#i13865|Rígnach ingen Meadaib||p117.htm#i13867|Eochaid M., Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 365|p286.htm#i13872|Cairenn C. of Britain||p280.htm#i13874|Meadaib mac Ros||p119.htm#i14093||||
FatherNiall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1,2 d. 405
MotherRígnach ingen Meadaib1
     Conall Gulban a quo Cenél Conaill, rí Tir Conaill was the son of Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann and Rígnach ingen Meadaib.1,2 Some of the clans or territories of the Cenél Conaill included those of Sil Lugdach (O'Donnell, O'Boyle, O'Doherty, ...) Cenel Bóguine, Tir Ainmireach & Tir Aedha (O'Cannon, O'Muldorey, O'Gallaghers, ...), and Cenel Duach, among others. Conall Gulban a quo Cenél Conaill, rí Tir Conaill was the ancestor of Cinel Conaill.2 Conall's sons included Óengus Gunnat, Nath Í, Tigernach Duí, Énna Bóguine, Fergus Cennfota (or Taulán), and Eochu. Conall Gulban was the son of Niall who established his kingdom, among other places, in Mag Ithe in the valley of the Finn. His territory was co-extensive, more or less with the present baronies of Tir Hugh, Bannagh, Boylagh and Kilmacrenan. King of Tir Conaill at Ireland before 464. He died in 464. Slain by the old tribes of Magh Slecht having been found unprotected.2 Annals of the Four Masters 464: "Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom are descended the Cinel Conaill), was slain by the old tribes of Magh Slecht, he having been found unprotected, and was buried at Fidhnach Maighe Rein, by Saint Caillin, as the Life of the aforesaid saint relates. / Conall Gulban, mac Neill Naoighiallaigh, (o t-tátt Cenel c-Conaill) do mharbhadh la sen-tuathaibh Maighe Slecht iar na foghbháil i m-baoghal, & a adhnacal i f-Fiodhnach Mhaighe Réin, la Naomh Caillin, amhail aisnéidhes beatha an naoimh rémhraite." ( (an unknown value)).2 He witnessed the death of Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech in 465; He died of grief for Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, his brother.3,4 Conall Gulban a quo Cenél Conaill, rí Tir Conaill was buried in Fidhnach Maighe Rein, Ireland. He was buried at Fidhnach Maighe Rein, by Saint Caillin.2

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Conall Gulban mac Néill, 100.
  2. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M464.3.
  3. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M465.3.
  4. [S897] [unknown], AU, U465.2.
  5. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Conall Gulban mac Néill, 101.

Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech

d. 465
Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech|d. 465|p289.htm#i13868|Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 405|p287.htm#i13865|Ine ingen Dubthaig||p127.htm#i14871|Eochaid M., Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 365|p286.htm#i13872|Cairenn C. of Britain||p280.htm#i13874|Dubthach mac Moindach||p127.htm#i14872||||
FatherNiall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1,2 d. 405
MotherIne ingen Dubthaig3
     Some of the clans of the Cenél Eóghain included those of Clan Neill, Clan Domnaill, Clan Birn, Cenél Fergusa, Cairrge Brachaidhe, Cenél Binnigh, Cenél Moen, Cenél Fearadhaigh, Cenel Tigernaich, Clan Conchobhair, Clan Diarmatta. Eoghan's sons included Muiredach, Binech, Fergus, Óengus, Dallán, Cormac, Feideilmid, Ailill, Echen, Illann, and Eochaid. Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech was born. The 4th son. Eoghan was the son of Niall who established his kingdom in Innishowen, centered at Aileach. He was ancestor of Cenél Eóghain.1 He was the son of Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann and Ine ingen Dubthaig.1,2,3 Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech was personnally baptised and nicknamed "the Lion" Eogan MacNiall by St. Patrick circa 442. He witnessed the death of Conall Gulban a quo Cenél Conaill, rí Tir Conaill in 464; Slain by the old tribes of Magh Slecht having been found unprotected.4 1st King of Ailech at Ireland before 465.5 Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech died in 465. He died of grief for Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, his brother.1,6 Annals of Ulster 465: "Eógan son of Niall died. / Eogan mc. Neill mortuus est."6 Annals of the Four Masters 465: "Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom are descended the Cinel Eoghain), died of grief for Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and was buried at Uisce Chain, in Inis Eoghain; concerning which was said: / Eoghan, mac Neill Naoighiallaigh, (ó t-tatt Cenel n-Eoghain), d'écc do chumhaidh Chonaill Ghulban, mic Neill Naoighiallaigh, & a adhnacal i n-Uisge Chaoín i n-Inis Eoghain, dia n-ebradh.

Eoghan, son of Niall, died / At-bath Eoghan, mac Néill,
Of tears,—good his nature,— / re deoraibh, bá maith a mhaoin,
In consequence of the death of Conall, of hard feats, / tré écc Chonaill na c-cleas c-cruaidh,
So that his grave is at Uisce Chain. / go f-fuil a uaigh i n-Uiscce Chaoin."
( (an unknown value)).1 Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech was buried in Uisce Chain (Eskaheen), Inis Eoghain, Ireland.1,3 He was the predecessor of Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech; 2nd King of Ailech.5

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M465.3.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, ¶1014].
  3. [S299] Genealogy of Family O'Neill, online http://www.cgocable.net/~aoneill/
  4. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M464.3.
  5. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 283.
  6. [S897] [unknown], AU, U465.2.
  7. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M504.1.
  8. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 280.

Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin

d. 465
Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin|d. 465|p289.htm#i14013|Énna Cennselach mac Labrada, rí Laigin||p120.htm#i14166||||Labraid L. m. B. B.|b. c 408|p102.htm#i12483||||||||||
FatherÉnna Cennselach mac Labrada, rí Laigin1,2,3,4
     Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin was the son of Énna Cennselach mac Labrada, rí Laigin.1,2,3,4 Of Uí Chennselaig. Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin married Mell ingen Ernbran, daughter of Ernbran mac Nia.5 Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin was related to Eithne Uathach ingen Crimthainn Ua Cheinnselaig; daughter of Crimthann-Cas, King of Leinster.6 Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin was ruler of the Laigin who won a battle against Laegaire, son of Niall, at the battle of Áth Dara in 461.7 King of Laigin at Leinster, Ireland, between 461 and 483.3,8 Annals of Ulster 461: "The battle of Áth Dara was won against Laegaire by the Laigin, of whom Cremthann was then ruler. / Cath Atha Dara ria Laignibh for Laegaire quibus Cremthann tunc preerat."7 Annals of Ulster 464: "The first battle of Ard Corann, won by the Laigin. / Primum bellum Ardda Corann ria Laighnibh§."9 He died in 465. He was killed by the son of his own daughter, i.e. Eochaidh Guineach, one of the Ui Bairrche.1 He was a witness where rí Uí Bairrche Eochaid Guinech mac Áengusa Uí Bairrche killed his maternal grandfather, Crimthann, king of Leinster, in 465.1,10 Annals of the Four Masters 465: "Crimhthann, son of Enda Censelach, King of Leinster, was killed by the son of his own daughter, i.e. Eochaidh Guineach, one of the Ui Bairrche. / Criomhthann, mac Enda Censelaigh, rí Laighen, do mharbhadh lá mac a inghine budhéin .i. Eochaidh Guinech do Uibh Bairrche." ( (an unknown value)).1 Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin was present when Ailill Molt fell in battle in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland.11 Annals of Ulster 483: "The slaying of Cremthann son of Anna Cennselach son of Bresal Bélach son of Fiacha ba Aiccid son of Cathaír Már, king of Laigin. / Iugulatio Chraumthain mc. Ennai Ceinnselaig mc. Breasail Belaich mc. Fiacha Ba Aicceadha mc. Cathair Mhoir regis Lagen."12 He died in 483. He was slain.13,12 Annals of Ulster 485: "The mortal wounding of Cremthann, son of Énna Cennselach. / Guin Cremthaind mc. Enna Cheinnselaigh."14

Family

Mell ingen Ernbran
Children

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M465.4.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 5.
  3. [S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.
  4. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 21.
  5. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Labraid mac Bresail, 99.
  6. [S310] John O'Hart, Irish Pedigrees, Vol I, pg. 70.
  7. [S897] [unknown], AU, U461.4.
  8. [S636] Ireland: History in Maps, online http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/kilkenny/2/iremaps.htm
  9. [S897] [unknown], AU, U464.1.
  10. [S507] Various LL, 39b.
  11. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M478.1.
  12. [S897] [unknown], AU, U483.1.
  13. [S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998, This date is well before contemporary annalistic recording in Ireland, and is to be taken with a grain of salt..
  14. [S897] [unknown], AU, U485.2.

Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum

b. before 420, d. 466
Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum|b. b 420\nd. 466|p289.htm#i10150|Theodoric I, rex Gotthorum|b. c 399\nd. 451|p288.htm#i10149|N. N. the Visigoth|b. c 400|p78.htm#i10151|||||||Alarico I., rey Visigodo|b. c 370\nd. 410|p287.htm#i10152|N. N. (?)|b. c 375|p82.htm#i10608|
FatherTheodoric I, rex Gotthorum1,2 b. circa 399, d. 451
MotherN. N. the Visigoth2 b. circa 400
     Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum was the grandson of Alaric I.3 He was born before 420.1 He was the son of Theodoric I, rex Gotthorum and N. N. the Visigoth.1,2 Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum witnessed the death of Thorismund, rex Gotthorum in 453; d.s.p. He was murdered by his brother Theoderic and Frideric.4,5 King of the Visigoths at Aquitaine between 453 and 466.3 Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum was subject of a letter, which described him, by Sidonius Apollinaris to his brother-in-law Agricola circa 454.6 He was a witness where Gaïus Sollius Modestus Sidonius Apollinaris, bishop of Clermont sent a letter to his brother-in-law Agricola describing Theodoric II, Gothic King of Spain, circa 454.6 Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum was a witness where Frideric Balthi sent by his brother Theodoric against the Spanish Bacaudae in 454.7 To [his brother-in-law] Agricola AD. 454 (?)

"You have often begged a description of Theodoric the Gothic king, whose gentle breeding fame commends to every nation; you want him in his quantity and quality, in his person, and the manner of his existence. I gladly accede, as far as the limits of my page allow, and highly approve so fine and ingenuous a curiosity.

"Well, he is a man worth knowing, even by those who cannot enjoy his close acquaintance, so happily have Providence and Nature joined to endow him with the perfect gifts of fortune; his way of life is such that not even the envy which lies in wait for kings can rob him of his proper praise. And first as to his person. He is well set up, in height above the average man, but below the giant. His head is round, with curled hair retreating somewhat from brow to crown. His nervous neck is free from disfiguring knots. The eyebrows are bushy and arched; when the lids droop, the lashes reach almost half-way down the cheeks. The upper ears are buried under overlying locks, after the fashion of his race. The nose is finely aquiline; the lips are thin and not enlarged by undue distension of the mouth. Every day the hair springing from his nostrils is cut back; that on the face springs thick from the hollow of the temples, but the razor has not yet come upon his cheek, and his barber is assiduous in eradicating the rich growth on the lower part of the face.2 Chin, throat, and neck are full, but not fat, and all of fair complexion ; seen close, their colour is fresh as that of youth; they often flush, but from modesty, and not from anger. His shoulders are smooth, the upper- and forearms strong and hard ; hands broad, breast prominent; waist receding. The spine dividing the broad expanse of back does not project, and you can see the springing of the ribs ; the sides swell with salient muscle, the well-girt flanks are full of vigour. His thighs are like hard horn ; the knee-joints firm and masculine; the knees themselves the comeliest and least wrinkled in the world. A full ankle supports the leg, and the foot is small to bear such mighty limbs."6 Theodoric II, rex Gotthorum died in 466. Assassinated by his brother, Euric.1

Citations

  1. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  2. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 132, genealogy table 4..
  3. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 23, figure 1.
  4. [S75] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1979, pg. 202, d.s.p..
  5. [S75] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1979, pg. 203.
  6. [S961] Letters of Sidonius, online http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/sidonius1.html
  7. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, pg. 16.

Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths1

b. before 413, d. between 468 and 469
Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths|b. b 413\nd. bt 468 - 469|p289.htm#i9765|Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals|b. c 383|p74.htm#i9764||||Vinitharius, Conqueror of the Venedi-Slavs|b. c 353|p75.htm#i9808||||||||||
FatherVandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals2,3 b. circa 383
     Valamir's deeds were interpreted by Ostrogoths in Italy as actions of a Hun, since no Goth would ever go into battle against a fellow Goth. Rather than being a period of Gothic denial of Hunnic hegemony, it was instead a period of consolodating Gothic power in the Amal dynasty. He was confused with Balamber, but this latter man was a Hunnic King in 376. King of the Huns. Fides.3 King of Goths. Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths was a witness where Vinitharius, Conqueror of the Venedi-Slavs defeated and killed by Balamber, the Hunnic King, who rejected his claim of independence after 400.4 Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths was born before 413 at Pannonia. He was the son of Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals.2,3 Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths was elected to rule the Goths following 40 years in which the Goths were without a king before 443. He lived circa 443 at between the rivers Scarniunga and Aqua Nigra, Pannonia. He was defeated an army of Huns and sent word of victory to his brother Thiudimer in 443. "Now It happened that the sons of Attila, regarding the Goths as deserters from their rule, came against them as though they were seeking fugitive slaves, and attacked Valamir alone, when his brothers knew nothing of it. He sustained their attack, though he had but few supporters, and after harassing them a long time, so utterly overwhelmed them that scarcely any portion of the enemy remained. The remnant turned in flight and sought the parts of Scythia which border on the stream of the river Danaper, which the Huns call in their own tongue the Var. Thereupon he sent a messenger of good tidings to his brother Thiudimer, and on the very day the messenger arrived he found even greater joy in the house of Thiudimer. For on that day his son Theodoric was born, of a concubine Erelieva indeed, and yet a child of good hope." He was a witness where Theudericus Magnus, rex Italiae was, at age seven, offered to the Romans as a hostage of peace in 461.1 Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths died between 468 and 469.3

Citations

  1. [S228] Jordanes, Jordanes' Getica.
  2. [S228] Jordanes, Jordanes' Getica, XIV-80.
  3. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 24, figure 2.
  4. [S253] Peter Heather, Heather, P., pg. 114.

Aquilin de Lyons1

b. circa 430, d. circa 470
Aquilin de Lyons|b. c 430\nd. c 470|p289.htm#i10500|N. N. de Lyons|b. c 400|p81.htm#i10512|Tullia of Lyons|b. s 410|p264.htm#i30239|Rusticus D., Prefect|b. c 370\nd. b 423|p288.htm#i10518|Artemia|b. c 375|p81.htm#i10519|Eucherius, Bishop of Lyons|b. s 380|p264.htm#i30240|Gallia (?)|b. s 390|p264.htm#i30241|
FatherN. N. de Lyons1,2 b. circa 400
MotherTullia of Lyons2 b. say 410
     Aquilin de Lyons was grandson of Rusticus, the friend of Sidonius' grandfather Apollinaris.3 He was Nobleman at Lyon. He was born circa 430.1 He was the son of N. N. de Lyons and Tullia of Lyons.1,2 Aquilin de Lyons was a schoolfellow and friend of Sidonius Apollinaris.3 He died circa 470.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S175] Christian Settipani, AdC.
  2. [S1642] Ford Mommaerts-Browne < and e-mail address>, [GEN-ANCIENT] A Speculation in "[GEN-ANCIENT] A Speculation," newsgroup message Mon, 8 Mar 2004 00:14:15 -0600.
  3. [S962] Sidonius Apollinaris, Letters of Sidonius (orig.), pp. clx-clxxxiii; List of Correspondents.

Exilarch Mar Huna V ben Zutra beni David1

d. 470
Exilarch Mar Huna V ben Zutra beni David|d. 470|p289.htm#i21388|Exilarch Mar Zutra I ben Kahana beni David|d. 413|p288.htm#i12967||||Exilarch Kahana I. b. A. beni David||p192.htm#i21389||||||||||
FatherExilarch Mar Zutra I ben Kahana beni David1 d. 413
     Exilarch Mar Huna V ben Zutra beni David was the son of Exilarch Mar Zutra I ben Kahana beni David.1 Exilarch Mar Huna V ben Zutra beni David was the successor of Exilarch Kahana II ben Zutra beni David; Exilarch.1,2 Exilarch at Babylonia between 465 and 470.1,2 Exilarch Mar Huna V ben Zutra beni David died in 470 at Babylonia. He was killed in the anti-Jewish persecutions. He was the predecessor of Exilarch Mar Huna VI ben Kahana beni David; Exilarch.1,2

Citations

  1. [S920] ., "Babylonian Exilarchs Tree," e-mail to Robert Brian Stewart (91), Thursday, May 17, 2001 6:27 PM.
  2. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html, Mesopotamia & Arabia, the Resh Galuta.

Syagrius of Burgundy1

b. between 430 and 435, d. after 470
     Syagrius of Burgundy was born between 430 and 435.1 He was Legislator before 470 at Burgundy. He married N. N. des Burgondes, daughter of Gundobald, rex Burgundionum, before 470.1 Syagrius of Burgundy died after 470.1

Family

N. N. des Burgondes b. circa 455
Child

Citations

  1. [S175] Christian Settipani, AdC.

Thiudimir, pietas1,2

b. circa 413, d. 471
Thiudimir, pietas|b. c 413\nd. 471|p289.htm#i9762|Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals|b. c 383|p74.htm#i9764||||Vinitharius, Conqueror of the Venedi-Slavs|b. c 353|p75.htm#i9808||||||||||
FatherVandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals3 b. circa 383
     Thiudimir, pietas was born circa 413. He was the son of Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals.3 Thiudimir, pietas associated with Ereleuva , a concubine before 443.4,5,2 Thiudimir, pietas lived circa 443 at the area near Lake Pelso, Pannonia. He was a witness where Valamir, King of the Ostrogoths defeated an army of Huns and sent word of victory to his brother Thiudimer in 443. Thiudimir, pietas was a witness where Theudericus Magnus, rex Italiae was, at age seven, offered to the Romans as a hostage of peace in 461.1 Thiudimir, pietas died in 471 at Cyrrhus. "King Thiudimer was seized with a mortal illness in the city of Cyrrhus. He called the Goths to himself, appointed Theodoric his son as heir of his kingdom and presently departed this life."4 He died in 474.2

Family

Ereleuva , a concubine b. circa 423
Children

Citations

  1. [S228] Jordanes, Jordanes' Getica.
  2. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 24, figure 2.
  3. [S228] Jordanes, Jordanes' Getica, XIV-80.
  4. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 132, genealogy table 4..
  5. [S422] Thomas S. Burns, History of the Ostrogoths, pg. 96-97.

Anthemiolus of Byzantium

b. after 453, d. 471
Anthemiolus of Byzantium|b. a 453\nd. 471|p289.htm#i10693|imperator Procopius Anthemius|b. c 420\nd. 11 Jul 472|p289.htm#i10636|Aelia Marcia Euphemia|b. c 420|p83.htm#i10635|Procopius of Byzantium|b. c 390|p83.htm#i10691||||imperator Marcian|b. 396\nd. 457|p289.htm#i10633|Noblewoman of Byzantium|b. c 400|p83.htm#i10634|
Fatherimperator Procopius Anthemius b. circa 420, d. 11 July 472
MotherAelia Marcia Euphemia b. circa 420
     Anthemiolus of Byzantium was born after 453. He was the son of imperator Procopius Anthemius and Aelia Marcia Euphemia. Anthemiolus of Byzantium died in 471 at Arles, Gaul. "Anthemiolus was sent to Arles by his father the emperor Anthemius along with Thorisarius, Everdingus, and Hermianus the Count of the Stables. King Euric encountered them on the other side of the Rhone and, after killing the generals, devastated everything" ("Antimolus a patre Anthemio imperatore cum Thorisario, Everdingo et Hermiano com. stabuli Arelate directus est, quibus rex Euricus trans Rhodanum occurrit occisisque ducibus omnia vastavit": Chron.gall.511 no.649 s.a.471).1

Flavius Ardabur Aspar (?)1

b. circa 405, d. 471
Flavius Ardabur Aspar (?)|b. c 405\nd. 471|p289.htm#i16748|Flavius Ardabur of the Alans|b. c 375|p147.htm#i16749||||||||||||||||
FatherFlavius Ardabur of the Alans1 b. circa 375
     Flavius Ardabur Aspar (?) was born circa 405. He was the son of Flavius Ardabur of the Alans.1 Flavius Ardabur Aspar (?) died in 471.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S451] Leslie Mahler, later roman empire in "later roman empire," listserve message 05/02/1998.

imperator Procopius Anthemius1

b. circa 420, d. 11 July 472
imperator Procopius Anthemius|b. c 420\nd. 11 Jul 472|p289.htm#i10636|Procopius of Byzantium|b. c 390|p83.htm#i10691||||Flavius Anthemius of Byzantium|b. c 360|p83.htm#i10692||||||||||
FatherProcopius of Byzantium b. circa 390
     Imperator Procopius Anthemius was born circa 420 at Byzantium. He was the son of Procopius of Byzantium. Imperator Procopius Anthemius married Aelia Marcia Euphemia, daughter of imperator Marcian and Noblewoman of Byzantium, circa 453.2,3 Emperor at Western Roman Empire between 12 April 467 and 11 July 472.4 Imperator Procopius Anthemius was a witness where Euric, rex Gotthorum engaged the Roman Emperor Anthemius and the emperor's Breton allies under Riothamus in 469 at Gaul. Imperator Procopius Anthemius engaged the able and ambitious Visigoth, King Euric, with the assistance of the Bretons under Riothamus, in 469 at Gaul.5,6 He was a witness where Prince of Dumnonée Riotham ap Deroch of Dumnonée sent 12,000 Breton troops to support Emperor Anthemius of the Romans against the invading Visigoths under Euric in 469.5,6,7 Imperator Procopius Anthemius died on 11 July 472 at the Church of St. Peter the Apostle, Rome. Executed by the Burgundian, Gundobad, on the orders of Ricimer, the "Barbarian Emperor Maker." "There he was beheaded by Gundobad, Ricimer's nephew, after reigning five years, three months, and eighteen days. - John of Antioch."8,4

Family

Aelia Marcia Euphemia b. circa 420
Children

Citations

  1. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, (Roman emp.) (from Table of Roman Emperors).
  2. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Marcian (emp. of Rome).
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Anthemius (Roman emp.).
  5. [S228] Jordanes, Jordanes' Getica.
  6. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  7. [S302] Jean-Michel Pognat, "Brittany: Many Kingdoms or One?".
  8. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm

Ricimer, Patrician1

b. circa 413, d. 18 October 472
Ricimer, Patrician|b. c 413\nd. 18 Oct 472|p289.htm#i9767|Chieftain of the Suevi|b. c 378|p74.htm#i9755|Princess of the Visigoths|b. c 383|p74.htm#i9756|||||||Valia, King of the Visigoths|b. c 353\nd. c 418|p288.htm#i9757||||
FatherChieftain of the Suevi1 b. circa 378
MotherPrincess of the Visigoths1 b. circa 383
     Ricimer, Patrician was the son of a chief of the Suebi (a Germanic people) and a Visigothic princess.2,3 He was the grandson of the Visigothic King Valia, via his mother.4 He was born circa 413. He was the son of Chieftain of the Suevi and Princess of the Visigoths.1 Ricimer, Patrician was called "the barbarian emperor-maker". Master of the soldiers in 456.3 He was a Roman general who acted as kingmaker in the Western Empire between 456 and 472.3 Patrician on 28 February 457.3 He was Consul with Julius Patrician in 459 at Rome. He married Alypia of Byzantium, daughter of imperator Procopius Anthemius and Aelia Marcia Euphemia, before 472.5 Ricimer, Patrician witnessed the death of imperator Procopius Anthemius on 11 July 472 at the Church of St. Peter the Apostle, Rome; Executed by the Burgundian, Gundobad, on the orders of Ricimer, the "Barbarian Emperor Maker." "There he was beheaded by Gundobad, Ricimer's nephew, after reigning five years, three months, and eighteen days. - John of Antioch."6,5 Ricimer, Patrician died on 18 October 472. Died 13 days before Emperor Olybrius.1,3

Family

Alypia of Byzantium b. after 453

Citations

  1. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 23, figure 1.
  2. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, Pg. 14.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Ricimer (Roman gen.).
  4. [S75] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1979, pg. 33.
  5. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Anthemius (Roman emp.).
  6. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm

imperator Olybrius Flavius Anicius Olybrius

b. circa 440, d. 2 November 472
imperator Olybrius Flavius Anicius Olybrius|b. c 440\nd. 2 Nov 472|p289.htm#i10629|Anicius Hermogenianus Olybrius|b. c 365|p83.htm#i10651|Anicia Juliana|b. c 370|p83.htm#i10652|Consul Quintus Clodius Hermogenianus Olybrius|b. c 335|p82.htm#i10558|Turrenia Anicia Iuliana|b. c 345|p82.htm#i10559|||||||
FatherAnicius Hermogenianus Olybrius b. circa 365
MotherAnicia Juliana b. circa 370
      Imperator Olybrius Flavius Anicius Olybrius was born circa 440. He was the son of Anicius Hermogenianus Olybrius and Anicia Juliana. Imperator Olybrius Flavius Anicius Olybrius married Galla Placidia Valentiniana the younger, daughter of Flavius Placidus Valentinianus, imperator and Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta, circa 454.1,2,3,4 Imperator Olybrius Flavius Anicius Olybrius was Consul (consul posterior) with Flavius Rusticus in 464.1 Emperor at Western Roman Empire between April 472 and November 472.4 He died on 2 November 472.3,4

Family

Galla Placidia Valentiniana the younger b. after 445
Child

Citations

  1. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm
  2. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  3. [S451] Leslie Mahler, later roman empire in "later roman empire," listserve message 05/02/1998.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Olybrius (Roman emp.) .

Vidimer "the Elder"1

b. after 413, d. 473
Vidimer "the Elder"|b. a 413\nd. 473|p289.htm#i9766|Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals|b. c 383|p74.htm#i9764||||Vinitharius, Conqueror of the Venedi-Slavs|b. c 353|p75.htm#i9808||||||||||
FatherVandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals2,1 b. circa 383
     Vidimer "the Elder" was born after 413. He was the son of Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals.2,1 Vidimer "the Elder" lived circa 443 at between his brothers Valamir and Thiudimer's territories. He died in 473.1

Citations

  1. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 24, figure 2.
  2. [S228] Jordanes, Jordanes' Getica, XIV-80.

Gundiok, rex Burgundionum1

b. circa 413, d. between 473 and 474
Gundiok, rex Burgundionum|b. c 413\nd. bt 473 - 474|p289.htm#i9728|Gundahar, King of the Burgunds|b. c 383\nd. 437|p288.htm#i9732||||Gebicca, King of the Burgundii|b. c 353\nd. c 413|p288.htm#i9751||||||||||
FatherGundahar, King of the Burgunds b. circa 383, d. 437
     Also called Gundioc.2 "Fuit igitur Gundiochus rex Burgundionum ex genere Athanarici regis persecutoris."3 "Huic fuerunt quatuor filii, Gundobadus, Godegiselus, Chilpericus et Godemarus."3 Gundiok, rex Burgundionum was a Burgundian king from Athanaric's family, "ex genere Athanarici."1,3 Also called Gunderic. Also called Gundovech. He was born circa 413. He was the son of Gundahar, King of the Burgunds. Gundiok, rex Burgundionum married daughter of the Suevi, daughter of Chieftain of the Suevi and Princess of the Visigoths, before 433.1 King of the Burgundians between 436 and 473. Gundiok, rex Burgundionum was magister militium during the reign of Severus between 461 and 465 at Gaul.4 He died between 473 and 474. His kingdom was divided between his four sons, Gundobad, Godegesil, Chilperic, and Gundomar.5,6

Family 1

daughter of the Suevi b. circa 418
Child

Family 2

Children

Citations

  1. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 23, figure 1.
  2. [S234] Germania and Francia, online http://www.friesian.com/francia.htm
  3. [S1196] Historia Francorum, online http://hbar.phys.msu.su/gorm/chrons/georflor.htm, XVII.
  4. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, Pg. 15.
  5. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 67.
  6. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Clotilda, Saint.

Ercc mac Echach1,2,3

b. circa 400, d. 474
Ercc mac Echach|b. c 400\nd. 474|p289.htm#i5771|Eochaid Muinremar mac Áengusa|b. c 375\nd. b 439|p288.htm#i6581|Erca (?)|b. c 380|p72.htm#i9450|Áengus F. mac Feideilmid|b. c 350|p55.htm#i6582||||Laorn (?)|b. c 350|p72.htm#i9451||||
FatherEochaid Muinremar mac Áengusa4,5 b. circa 375, d. before 439
MotherErca (?) b. circa 380
     Ercc mac Echach was born circa 400. He was the son of Eochaid Muinremar mac Áengusa and Erca (?).4,5 Ercc mac Echach married Mist (?) before 440. Ercc mac Echach was visited by St. Patrick, before the St.'s death in 461, who prophesied that Fergus, supposedly already an adult at this time, would be the father of a great nation before 461.6 He died in 474.4,6 Annals of the Four Masters 474: "Eirc, son of Eochaidh Muinreamhar, died. / Eirc, mac Eachach Muinreamhair, d'écc." ( (an unknown value)).4

Family

Mist (?) b. circa 420
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 165-52.
  2. [S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 170-1.
  3. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Fiachu Fer Mara, 111.
  4. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M474.2.
  5. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, RÍG ALBAN. 1697.
  6. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., [FC1].
  7. [S298] HRH Prince Michael of Albany, Albany, pg. 16.
  8. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M498.2.
  9. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., Chart 9. Scotland (1) - Dál Riata.
  10. [S268] Nora K. Chadwick, Celtic Britain, pg. 59.

imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus1,2

b. circa 401, d. 18 January 474
(c)1998 Edgar L. Owen, Ltd.
      Imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus was a Thracian.3 He was born circa 401 at the Balkans, Thracia. Or Dacia.4 He married Verina (?), daughter of N. N. (?), before 457.1 Imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus was proclaimed Eastern emperor by General Aspar on 7 February 457 at Constantinople, Eastern Roman Empire.3 Emperor at Eastern Roman Empire between 7 February 457 and 18 January 474.5 He died in 473. From the Ulter Annals in Ireland: "The emperor Leo the Elder, having previously appointed Leo the Younger Caesar, died of disease, in the seventeenth year and sixth month of the reign, counting the years of his own rule and the months of this latter Leo's reign."6 He appointed his grandson, Leo II, as colleague and successor (the father, Zeno, being an Isaurian would have been too unpopular) in October 473.3 He was co-ruler with Leo II "the Younger", imperator; Caesar.4,7 Imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus was a witness where Leo II "the Younger", imperator acclaimed as Caesar by his grandfather Leo I on 25 October 473.4 Imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus was co-ruler with Leo II "the Younger", imperator; Augustus.7 Imperator Leo I "the Elder" Thrax Magnus died on 18 January 474. He died of dysentery.1,4 He was the successor of Leo II "the Younger", imperator; Emperor.4,7

Family

Verina (?)
Children

Citations

  1. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 78, genealogy table 3..
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, (Roman emp.) (from Table of Roman Emperors).
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Leo I (Roman emp.).
  4. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm
  5. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html
  6. [S897] [unknown], AU, U473.1.
  7. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Leo II (Roman emp.).
  8. [S324] Robert Bedrosian (translator), The Georgian Chronicle (from Armenian), Chap. 14.

Šušanik Mamikonean1

b. circa 440?, d. 475
Šušanik Mamikonean|b. c 440?\nd. 475|p289.htm#i25471|Vardan II Karmir Mamikonean, Sparapet of Armenia|b. c 410\nd. 2 Jun 451|p288.htm#i5888||||Hamazasp I. Mamikonean of Taraun, Sparapet of Armenia|b. c 360?\nd. c 416|p288.htm#i5963|Sahakanoyš Souren-Pahlav|b. c 385|p51.htm#i5964|||||||
FatherVardan II Karmir Mamikonean, Sparapet of Armenia2 b. circa 410, d. 2 June 451
     Šušanik Mamikonean was daughter of Varden.3 The Martydom of Saint Shushanik is the oldest surviving work of Georgian literature, written 476-483 by Jacob of Tsurtaveli.4 She was cousin of Prince Vahan Mamikonean.5 Also called St. Shushanik of Armenia.1 She was born circa 440?. She was the daughter of Vardan II Karmir Mamikonean, Sparapet of Armenia.2 Šušanik Mamikonean married erist'avi of Ran Vask'en of Ran, son of Arshusha of Gogarene.5 Šušanik Mamikonean died in 475. She was beaten and locked away when she refused to submit to her husband's order to convert to Zoroastrianism from her Christian faith.1,6 Šušanik Mamikonean was buried in the Metechi Church, T'Bilisi, Georgia.1

Family

erist'avi of Ran Vask'en of Ran d. 482

Citations

  1. [S1163] John FR Wright, Tbilisi, pg. 27.
  2. [S1163] John FR Wright, Tbilisi, pg. 29.
  3. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 227, Geo..
  4. [S1163] John FR Wright, Tbilisi, pg. 26-27.
  5. [S1164] Ronald Grigor Suny, Suny, pg. 23.
  6. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 227, d. 475.

Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide

d. 475 or 480
Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide|d. 475 or 480|p289.htm#i13871|Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 405|p287.htm#i13865|Rígnach ingen Meadaib||p117.htm#i13867|Eochaid M., Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 365|p286.htm#i13872|Cairenn C. of Britain||p280.htm#i13874|Meadaib mac Ros||p119.htm#i14093||||
FatherNiall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1,2 d. 405
MotherRígnach ingen Meadaib3
     Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide was ancestor of the Kings of Brega and the Kings of Uinech (Ulster) who formed the principal branch of the southern Ui Niall (children of Niall) that alternated with the northern Ui Niall as Kings of Ireland.4 1st King of Mide at the Middle Kingdom, Ireland. He was born. The 2nd son.4 He was the son of Niall Noígiallach a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann and Rígnach ingen Meadaib.1,2,3 Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide was ancestor of the Clann Colmain, and race of Aedh Slaine.1 He was the ancestor of Suibne mac Colmáin, rí Midi; son of Colmán Mór son of Diarmait Derg son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach.5 Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide was the ancestor of Áed Sláine mac Diarmata, rí Bregh, Ard-rí na h'Éireann; son of Diarmait Derg son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach.6 Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide was the father of Ardgal a quo Cenél nArdgail; the son of Conall Creamhthainne, son of Niall.7 Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide died in 475 or 480.1,8 Annals of the Four Masters 475: "Conall Cremhthoinn, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, from whom are sprung the Clann Colmain, and race of Aedh Slaine, died. / Conall Cremhthoinn, mac Nell Naoighiallaigh, or chinset Clanna Colmain & Síol Aodha Slaine d'écc." ( (an unknown value)).1 Annals of Ulster 480: "Death of Conall of Cremthann, son of Niall. / Mors Conaill Cramthainne mc. Neill."8 He was the predecessor of Fiachu a quo Cenél Fiachach, rí Midi; 2nd King of Mide.

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M475.2.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, ¶954].
  3. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Conall Cremthainne mac Néill, 100.
  4. [S299] Genealogy of Family O'Neill, online http://www.cgocable.net/~aoneill/
  5. [S897] [unknown], AU, U600.2.
  6. [S897] [unknown], AU, U604.2.
  7. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M513.3.
  8. [S897] [unknown], AU, U480.1.
  9. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M478.1.

Gaiseric, King of the Vandals1

b. circa 389, d. 25 January 477
Gaiseric, King of the Vandals|b. c 389\nd. 25 Jan 477|p289.htm#i10108|Godegisel, King of the Vandals|b. c 359\nd. c 411|p287.htm#i10657|unfree woman (?)||p173.htm#i19470|Visimar Asdingi||p173.htm#i19466||||||||||
FatherGodegisel, King of the Vandals2 b. circa 359, d. circa 411
Motherunfree woman (?)2
     Gaiseric, King of the Vandals was related to Huneric, King of the Vandals; son of Gaiseric, King of the Vandals.3 The name "Gaiseric" means "Caesar-King". Also called Genseric.3 Gaiseric, King of the Vandals also went by the name of "The Rod of God". He was born circa 389 at Hungary. He was the son of Godegisel, King of the Vandals and unfree woman (?).2 King of the Vandals at Spain between 419 and 428. Gaiseric, King of the Vandals succeeded his brother Gunderic in 426 at Baetica (modern Andalusia), Spain.3 King of the Alans between 428 and 477.3 He was orchestrated a mass move of his people, purported to number some 80,000, to Maghrib (North Africa) in May 428. Evidently he was invited to Africa by the governor, Count Bonifacius, who wished to use the military strength of the Vandals in his struggle against the imperial government.1 He was advanced eastwards in Maghrib and took Hippo Regius in 430. They took the city after a long siege during which St. Augustine died.1 He was turned on Count Bonifacius, and defeated him, in 430 at Maghrib. He then crushed the joint forces of the Eastern and Western empires that had been sent against him.1 He was concluded an agreement with Rome that the Vandal state in Africa became a Federate of Rome in 435.1 King of the Vandals at Maghrib between 439 and 477. He overthrew Roman overlordship and seized the important mediterranean city of Carthage, allowing him to create an independent autocracy, a second power in the mediterranean alongside Rome, on 19 October 439 at Maghrib.3 He was concluded a treaty with Rome in 442. Therein the Vandals were recognized as masters of proconsular Africa, Byzacena, and part of Numidia. Gaiseric was perhaps the most perceptive barbarian king of the 5th century in realizing the total weakness of the empire. Gaiseric's fleet soon came to control much of the western Mediterranean, and he annexed the Balearic Islands, Sardinia, Corsica, and Sicily.1 He was a witness where Licinia Eudokia Theodosia, augusta invited the Vandal Geiseric to Rome in 455.4 Gaiseric, King of the Vandals sacked Rome in June 455 at Italy.1 He defeated the first major Roman effort, led by the Emperor Majorian, to remove him in 460.1 He defeated the second attempt of Rome, led by Basiliscus, to oust him in 468.1 He died on 25 January 477 at Carthage, North Africa. In his life Gaiseric witnessed the Vandals moving from Hungary, through all of Europe, and supervised their entry into, and occupation of, North Africa.

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  2. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 164, figure 3.
  3. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, "Gaiseric".
  4. [S233] DIR, online http://www.roman-emperors.org/impindex.htm
  5. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html
  6. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 132, genealogy table 4..

Amalberge des Francs

b. 435, d. 478
Amalberge des Francs|b. 435\nd. 478|p289.htm#i10447|Clodoweg des Francs|b. c 405|p80.htm#i10448|Weldelphe of the Saxons|b. c 410|p80.htm#i10449|||||||||||||
FatherClodoweg des Francs b. circa 405
MotherWeldelphe of the Saxons b. circa 410
     Amalberge des Francs was born in 435. She was the daughter of Clodoweg des Francs and Weldelphe of the Saxons. Amalberge des Francs married Childebert, King of the Franks, son of Clovis, King of the Franks and Ildegonde, in 453. Amalberge des Francs died in 478 at age 43 years.

Family

Childebert, King of the Franks b. circa 430, d. 483
Child

Citations

  1. [S175] Christian Settipani, AdC.

King of Brittany Erich ab Aldrien of Brittany1

b. circa 425, d. 478
King of Brittany Erich ab Aldrien of Brittany|b. c 425\nd. 478|p289.htm#i11523|King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany|b. c 373\nd. 464|p289.htm#i11524|N. N. of Ireland|b. c 400|p91.htm#i11525|High King of Brittany Salomon I. a. G. of Brittany|b. c 355\nd. 446|p288.htm#i11527|N. N. filia Patricius Flavius|b. c 355|p91.htm#i11528|||||||
FatherKing of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany1 b. circa 373, d. 464
MotherN. N. of Ireland2 b. circa 400
     King of Brittany Erich ab Aldrien of Brittany was known, in Welsh, as Gereint; in Latin, Ericius; and in English, Eric.3 He was King Rivod's uncle.3 He was born circa 425.3 He was the son of King of Brittany Aldrien ap Selyfan of Brittany and N. N. of Ireland.1,2 King of Brittany Erich ab Aldrien of Brittany may have held the Breton throne for a short time in his twilight years.3 King of Brittany before 478.1 He died in 478.1,4

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…, Aldrien, King of Brittany.
  3. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…, Erich, King of Brittany.
  4. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Caradoc, Lord of Meiriadog, 78.

Fergus Cerrbél,

d. 478
Fergus Cerrbél,|d. 478|p289.htm#i14589|Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide|d. 475 or 480|p289.htm#i13871||||Niall N. a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 405|p287.htm#i13865|Rígnach ingen Meadaib||p117.htm#i13867|||||||
FatherConall Cremthainne, rí Mide1,2 d. 475 or 480
     Fergus Cerrbél, was the son of Conall Cremthainne, rí Mide.1,2 Fergus Cerrbél, was the ancestor of Suibne mac Colmáin, rí Midi; son of Colmán Mór son of Diarmait Derg son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach.3 Fergus Cerrbél, was the grandfather of Áed Sláine mac Diarmata, rí Bregh, Ard-rí na h'Éireann; son of Diarmait Derg son of Fergus Cerrbél son of Conall of Cremthann son of Niall Naígiallach.4 Also called Fergus "Wrymouth".5 Also called Fergus Cerrbél mac Conaill Cremthainni. Fergus Cerrbél, was present when Ailill Molt fell in battle in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland.1 He died in 478.6 He witnessed the death of Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland; After twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, Muircheartach Mac Earca, Fearghus Cerrbhel, son of Conall Cremththainne, Fiachra, son of Laeghaire, King of Dal Araidhe, and Cremhthann, son of Enna Cennsealach, King of Leinster.1 Annals of Ulster 483: "Or, this year the battle of Ocha according to others, won by Muirchertach Mac Erca and by Fergus Cerball son of Conall of Cremthann, and by Fiachra Lon son of the king of Dál nAraide. / Uel hoc anno cath Ocha secundum alios la Lughaid & la Muircheartach Mc. Erca & la Ferghus Cerbhall mc. Conaill Cremhthainn & la Fiachra Lon mc. righ Dhal Araidhe."7

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M478.1.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, ¶954].
  3. [S897] [unknown], AU, U600.2.
  4. [S897] [unknown], AU, U604.2.
  5. [S897] [unknown], AU, U862.5.
  6. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Conall Cremthainne mac Néill, 101.
  7. [S897] [unknown], AU, U483.2.
  8. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M539.1.
  9. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, 595.1.

Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann

d. 478
Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 478|p289.htm#i15347|Nath Í, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 445|p288.htm#i14464||||Fiachrae a quo Uí Fiachrach||p124.htm#i14463||||||||||
FatherNath Í, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1,2 d. 445
     Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was the son of Nath Í, Ard-rí na h'Éireann.1,2 Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was the successor of Amalgaid a quo Tír nÁmalgado, rí Connacht; 1st King of Connacht.2 2nd King of Connacht at Ireland.2 Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann succeeded his 1st cousin, 1x removed, Laeghaire mac Neill, and ruled his first year over Ireland in 459.1 4th High-King of Ireland between 459 and 478.1,3 Annals of the Four Masters 459: "The first year of Oilioll Molt, son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, in the sovereignty of Ireland. / An ceid-bhliadhain d'Oilill Molt, mac Dathi, mic Fiachrach, h-i righe n-Erenn." ( (an unknown value)).1 He began his reign in 462.4 Annals of Ulster 463: "Beginning of the reign of Ailill Molt, son of Nath Í. / Inicium regni Ailella Muilt mc. Nath I."4 Annals of the Four Masters 463: "The feast of Teamhair was celebrated by Oilioll Molt this year. / Feis Teamhra la h-Oilill Molt an bhliadhain-si." ( (an unknown value)).5 Annals of Inisfallen 464: "Kl. Ailill Molt reigned. [AU 463]."6 He defended himself against the Leinstermen in 464 at the Battle of Dumha Aichir, Ireland.7 Annals of the Four Masters 464: "The battle of Dumha Aichir was fought by the Leinstermen, against Oilioll Molt. / Cath Dumha Aichir ria Laighnibh for Ailill Molt." ( (an unknown value)).7 He celebrated the feast of Teamhair in 465.8 He held the feast of Tara in 466.9 He held the Feast of Tara, per the Book of Cuanu, in 467.10 Annals of Ulster 467: "The Feast of Temair held by Ailill Molt son of Dath Í son of Fiachra son of Eochu Mugmedón. Thus I have found in the Book of Cuanu. / Cena Temhra la h-Ailill Molt mc. Dath I mc. Fiachrach mc. Eathach Muidhemhon. Sic in Libro Cuanach inueni."10 He was defeated, per the Book of Cuanu, in 468 at battle of Duma Aichir.11 Annals of Ulster 468: "The battle of Duma Aichir, i.e. won against Ailill Molt, as I have found in the Book of Cuanu. / Bellum Dumai Achir, .i. for Oilill Molt sicut inueni in Libro Cuanach."11 He held the Feast of Tara, per other sources, in 469 or 470.12,13 Annals of Ulster 469: "Or, the Feast of Temair held by Ailill Molt this year, according to others. / Uel feis Temra la h-Ailill Molt hoc anno secundum alios."12 He defended against the Leinstermen in 470 at the battle of Dumha Aichir, Ireland.14 Annals of Ulster 470: "The Feast of Temair held by Ailill Molt, as some say. / Feis Temra la h-Ailill Molt, ut alii dicunt."13 He defeated the Leinstermen in 473 or 475 at the battle of Brí Éile, Ireland.15,16 Annals of Ulster 473: "The mêlée of Brí Éile won over the Laigin by Ailill Molt. / Dorngal Bhri Eile for Laighniu ria n-Ailill Molt."15 He was defeated by the Leinstermen in 474 or 476 at the battle of Duma Aichir, Ireland.17,18 Annals of Ulster 474: "The battle of Duma Aichir won over Ailill Molt by the Laigin. / Cath Dumai Achir for Ailill Molt ria Laighnibh."17 Annals of Ulster 475: "The battle alias the mêlée of Brí Éile won by Ailill Molt over the Laigin. So I have found in the Book of Cuanu. / Bellum alias dorndghal §Breg h-Eile re n-Ailill Molt for Laighniu. Sic in Líbro Cuanach inueni."16 Annals of Ulster 476: "The battle of Duma Aichir won against Ailill Molt by the Laigin. / Cath Dumhai Achir for Ailill Molt ria Laignibh."18 He was a witness where Crimthann Cas mac Énnai Chennselaig, rí Laigin present when Ailill Molt fell in battle in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland.19 Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was a witness where Muirchertach Mór mac Ercae, rí Ailech, Ard-rí na h'Éireann present when Ailill Molt fell in battle in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland.19 Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann was a witness where Fergus Cerrbél, present when Ailill Molt fell in battle in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland.19 Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann died in 478 at the Battle of Ocha, Ireland. After twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, Muircheartach Mac Earca, Fearghus Cerrbhel, son of Conall Cremththainne, Fiachra, son of Laeghaire, King of Dal Araidhe, and Cremhthann, son of Enna Cennsealach, King of Leinster.19 He was a witness where Lugaid, Ard-rí na h'Éireann defeated and killed Ailill Molt mac Diatha in 478 or 482 at the Battle of Ochae, Ireland.19,20 Ailill Molt, rí Connacht, Ard-rí na h'Éireann died in 482. Killed at the battle of Ochae in this year, per the Annals of Ulster.20,3 Annals of Ulster 482: "The battle of Ochae i.e. won by Lugaid son of Laegaire and by Muirchertach Mac Erca, in which Ailill Molt fell. / Bellum Oche, .i. la Lugaid mc. Laegaire & la Muirchertach Mc. Earca in quo cecidit Ailill Molt."20

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M459.1.
  2. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 298.
  3. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 280.
  4. [S897] [unknown], AU, U463.1.
  5. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M463.2.
  6. [S496] Ed. & trans. Seán Mac Airt, AI, AI464.1.
  7. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M464.2.
  8. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M465.2.
  9. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M466.2.
  10. [S897] [unknown], AU, U467.2.
  11. [S897] [unknown], AU, U468.2.
  12. [S897] [unknown], AU, U469.1.
  13. [S897] [unknown], AU, U470.1.
  14. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M470.2.
  15. [S897] [unknown], AU, U473.3.
  16. [S897] [unknown], AU, U475.1.
  17. [S897] [unknown], AU, U474.1.
  18. [S897] [unknown], AU, U476.1.
  19. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M478.1.
  20. [S897] [unknown], AU, U482.1.

Muiredach Muindeirg mac Forgo, rí Uladh1

d. 479
Muiredach Muindeirg mac Forgo, rí Uladh|d. 479|p289.htm#i15388|Forga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach|d. 455|p289.htm#i17259||||Dalláin m. L. Dál Fiatach||p152.htm#i17260||||||||||
FatherForga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach1 d. 455
     Muiredach Muindeirg mac Forgo, rí Uladh was the son of Forga mac Dalláin Dál Fiatach.1 Muiredach Muindeirg mac Forgo, rí Uladh was the father of Cairell Coscrach mac Muiredaig, rí Uladh; the son of Muireadhach Muindearg.2 Also called Muireadhaigh Muindeircc Irish. King of Uladh at Ulster, Ireland, in 479.3 Muiredach Muindeirg mac Forgo, rí Uladh died in 479.3 Annals of the Four Masters 479: "Muireadhach Muindearg, ri Uladh, d'écc." ( (an unknown value)).3

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 1686.
  2. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M526.4.
  3. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M479.3.
  4. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 1693.

N. N. Amali1

b. circa 445, d. 479
N. N. Amali|b. c 445\nd. 479|p289.htm#i16105|Thiudimir, pietas|b. c 413\nd. 471|p289.htm#i9762|Ereleuva , a concubine|b. c 423|p74.htm#i9763|Vandalarius, Conqueror of the Vandals|b. c 383|p74.htm#i9764||||||||||
FatherThiudimir, pietas1 b. circa 413, d. 471
MotherEreleuva , a concubine1 b. circa 423
     N. N. Amali was born circa 445. She was the daughter of Thiudimir, pietas and Ereleuva , a concubine.1 N. N. Amali died in 479.2

Citations

  1. [S422] Thomas S. Burns, History of the Ostrogoths, pg. 96-97.
  2. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 24, figure 2.

Duke of Cornwall Gorles Sap map Solor o Cernyw1,2

b. circa 452, d. before 480
Duke of Cornwall Gorles Sap map Solor o Cernyw|b. c 452\nd. b 480|p289.htm#i11522|Solor ap Pandwlff o Cernyw|b. c 436|p92.htm#i11908||||Pandwlff F. a. S. o Cernyw|b. c 418|p97.htm#i11909||||||||||
FatherSolor ap Pandwlff o Cernyw b. circa 436
     Also called Gwyrlys Sap Welsh. Duke of Cornwall Gorles Sap map Solor o Cernyw was probably a governor of Cerniw, the western portion of Dumnonia, under King Erbin.1 Duke of Tintagel.1,3 Duke of Cornwall at Britain.4 Also called Corlius filius Solarius Latin. Also called Gorlois English. He was born circa 452. Gorles was a descendant of Pandoff Mawr (or possibly Geidan), a younger son of King Solor of Cernyw (Glywyssing).1 He was the son of Solor ap Pandwlff o Cernyw. Duke of Cornwall Gorles Sap map Solor o Cernyw married Ygerna verch Amlawdd o Dumnonia, daughter of Amlawdd Wledig ap Cynwal of Britain, before 473; Her 1st.5 Duke of Cornwall Gorles Sap map Solor o Cernyw died before 480 at Dimilioc (St.Dennis). Killed at the hands of his wifes lover, Uthyr Pendragon.1

Family

Ygerna verch Amlawdd o Dumnonia b. circa 452
Children

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Owain Finddu ap Maxen, 82.
  3. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth.
  4. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Book VIII, Chapt. 19.
  5. [S624] Geoffrey of Monmouth, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Book VIII, Chapt. 20.

Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech

d. 480
Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech|d. 480|p289.htm#i14427|Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech|d. 465|p289.htm#i13868||||Niall N. a quo Uí Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 405|p287.htm#i13865|Ine ingen Dubthaig||p127.htm#i14871|||||||
FatherÉogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech1,2,3 d. 465
     Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech was the son of Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech.1,2,3 Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech married Erca ingen Loairn, daughter of Loarn Mór of Dál Riata; Her 2nd.4 Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech was the successor of Éogan Find a quo Cenél nEógain, rí Ailech; 1st King of Ailech.5 2nd King of Ailech at Ireland before 480.5 Muiredach mac Éogan, rí Ailech died in 480.6

Family

Erca ingen Loairn
Child

Citations

  1. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M504.1.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, ¶1014].
  3. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 280.
  4. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Loarn Mór mac Eirc, 100.
  5. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 283.
  6. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Éogan Find mac Néill, 101.