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Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids1

b. circa 595, d. 645?
Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids|b. c 595\nd. 645?|p298.htm#i6374|Smbat IV Xosrov Shum, Presiding Prince of the Bagratids|b. c 565\nd. bt 616 - 617|p296.htm#i6376||||Manuel Bagratuni|b. c 535|p54.htm#i6378||||||||||
FatherSmbat IV Xosrov Shum, Presiding Prince of the Bagratids2,3 b. circa 565, d. between 616 and 617
     Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids was was Presiding Prince of the Bagratids and Prince of Armenia after 628-631.. Sources: 1. Toumanoff, C. 'The Orontids of Armenia' in 'Studies in Christian Caucasian History' (1963) pp.337-342. ; 2. Toumanoff, C. 'The Early Bagratids' in La Museon, (1949), pp.21-54. He was styled Jawitean Xosrov [Forever Loyal to Xosrov] by the kings.4 Also called Varaztirots'.2 He was born circa 595. He was the son of Smbat IV Xosrov Shum, Presiding Prince of the Bagratids.2,3 Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids was raised [by Xosrov] as though he were one of his own sons, elevated over all at court, and appointed to the office of cup-bearer, presenting wine to the king circa 613.2 He was a witness where Khusro II Aparvez, Shah of Iran bestowed great honors on Smbat Bagratuni, and his son Varaz-Tiroc.5 Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids was given the authority of the tanuterut'iwn by King Kawad, and made marzpan and sent back to Armenia with all of his father's belongings so that he would keep the land in a flourishing state, in 628.4 Presiding Prince of the Bagratids between 628 and 631.6 He was the successor of T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia; Nakharar (Viceroy) of Armenia.7,8 Viceroy of Armenia at Byzantine Empire, Transcaucasia, between 643 and 645.9,7 Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids died in 645?. He was the predecessor of T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia; Marzpan of Armenia.7,10

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S197] Toby Dills, "Descendant of Antiquity," gedcom to Robert Stewart, 5 Feb 1999.
  2. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Chapter 17.
  3. [S1641] Cyril Toumanoff, Toumanoff's Studies, pg. 340, The Bagratid Stemma.
  4. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Chapter 28.
  5. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Chapter 17-19.
  6. [S25] J. M. Hussey, Cambridge Medieval History, Vol 4, Part 1, pg. 780.
  7. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html
  8. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Armenia: The Mamikonians and Bagratids.
  9. [S25] J. M. Hussey, Cambridge Medieval History, Vol 4, Part 1, pg. 781.
  10. [S1167] Kirakos Ganjakets'i, HoA: Kirakos' (13th C), (Robert Bedrosian, translator): pg. 55.

Prince of Lejre Rörik Skjölding1

b. circa 638, d. before 647
Prince of Lejre Rörik Skjölding|b. c 638\nd. b 647|p298.htm#i9374|N. N. Skjölding|b. c 672|p71.htm#i9384||||N. N. Skjölding|b. c 642|p71.htm#i9383||||||||||
FatherN. N. Skjölding b. circa 672
     Prince of Lejre Rörik Skjölding was said to be the great-grandson of Rurik, Skioldung Prince of Lejre. Also called Radbard of Garderidge. Prince of Lejre at Roskilde, Denmark. He married Auda Ivarsdóttir, daughter of Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes and Gyrita of Jutland; Her 1st. Prince of Lejre Rörik Skjölding was born circa 638. He was the son of N. N. Skjölding. Prince of Lejre Rörik Skjölding died before 647. He was killed by Oda's father, Ivar, in revenge for Rurik's killing of Oda's lover, Helge.

Family

Auda Ivarsdóttir b. circa 633
Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 143-39.

Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes1,2,3

d. 647
Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes|d. 647|p298.htm#i9378|Hálfdan Snälle Haraldsson, King of Roeskilde||p278.htm#i9379|Maolda (?)|b. c 590|p78.htm#i10097|Haraldr V., King of Roeskilde||p78.htm#i10098||||||||||
FatherHálfdan Snälle Haraldsson, King of Roeskilde
MotherMaolda (?) b. circa 590
     Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes was the son of Hálfdan Snälle Haraldsson, King of Roeskilde and Maolda (?). Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes went to Scania after the death of his uncle Gudrod, and collected an army in all haste, and moved with it into Sweden where he hoped to avenge the death's of his uncle and father at the hands of Ingjalds daughter Aasa.4 He subdued the whole of Sweden, he brought in subjection to himself all the Danish dominions, a great deal of Saxland, all the East Country, and a fifth part of England, for this he became known as the "Wide Reacher" for so expanding his kingdom.4 Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes also went by the name of Ivar "the Wide-Reacher". King of the Danes at Roskilde, Denmark, between 588 and 647.5 He was the successor of King of the Swedes Óláfr Trételgju Ingjaldsson; King of the Swedes.6 Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes was began to bring his army against the wicked king of Skåne, Ingjald Illråd and surrounded Ingjald's great hall on Lake Mälen in which Ingjald perished when he burned down his own palace around him and his daughter circa 623 at Lake Mälaren, Uppsala, Sweden.4 King of the Swedes at Uppsala, Sweden, between 630 and 647.6 He married Gyrita of Jutland.7 Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes witnessed the death of Prince of Lejre Rörik Skjölding before 647; He was killed by Oda's father, Ivar, in revenge for Rurik's killing of Oda's lover, Helge. Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes died in 647. He died while sailing for Russia, where he set out to punish his daughter's new husband for marrying Oda without permission, and to do some plundering as well. His boat sank and he drowned in the frigid waters of the Gulf of Finland.8,9 He was the predecessor of King of the Danes and Swedes Harold Hildetand Röriksson; King of the Swedes.6 Ivarr Vídfadmi Hálfdanarson, King of the Danes and Swedes was the predecessor of King of the Danes and Swedes Harold Hildetand Röriksson; King of the Danes.5

Family

Gyrita of Jutland b. circa 620
Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 143-40.
  2. [S220] Rupert Alen and Anna Marie Dahlquist, Royal Familes of Scandanavia, Flanders, and Kiev, Pg. 169..
  3. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Skjöld, King of Danes, 73.
  4. [S449] Circa 1225 A.D. Snorri Sturluson, Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, The Ynglinga Saga.
  5. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html, Scandanavia, Denmark.
  6. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html, Scandanavia, Sweden.
  7. [S220] Rupert Alen and Anna Marie Dahlquist, Royal Familes of Scandanavia, Flanders, and Kiev, Pg. 170..
  8. [S277] Gene Gurney, Kingdoms of Europe, Sweden, pg. 480.
  9. [S277] Gene Gurney, Kingdoms of Europe, Denmark, pg. 430.

Máel Cobo, rí Uladh

d. 647
Máel Cobo, rí Uladh|d. 647|p298.htm#i18298|Fiachna Dubtuinne mac Demmáin, rí Uladh|d. 624|p296.htm#i18299|Cumne Find ingen Báetáin Cáech Dál n-Araidhe||p163.htm#i18300|Demmán m. C. C., rí Uladh|d. 572|p293.htm#i14433|Garb i. É.||p124.htm#i14432|Báetán C., rí Dál nAriadi||p163.htm#i18308||||
FatherFiachna Dubtuinne mac Demmáin, rí Uladh1 d. 624
MotherCumne Find ingen Báetáin Cáech Dál n-Araidhe
     Máel Cobo, rí Uladh was the son of Fiachna Dubtuinne mac Demmáin, rí Uladh and Cumne Find ingen Báetáin Cáech Dál n-Araidhe.1 King of Uladh at Ulster, Ireland, between 646 and 647.2 Máel Cobo, rí Uladh died in 647. He was killed by his nephew.1 Chronicon Scotorum 647: "Mael Cobo son of Fiachna, was killed, i.e. the king of Ulaid, by Congal Cennfada son of Dúnchad."1

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS647.
  2. [S294] Various, Irish Annals.

Rogallach mac Fuataich, rí Connacht

d. 649
Rogallach mac Fuataich, rí Connacht|d. 649|p298.htm#i14609|Uatu, rí Connacht|d. 602|p295.htm#i14608||||Áed m. E., rí Connacht|d. 577|p293.htm#i14607||||||||||
FatherUatu, rí Connacht1 d. 602
     Rogallach mac Fuataich, rí Connacht was the son of Uatu, rí Connacht.1 Rogallach mac Fuataich, rí Connacht married Muireand ingen Máel, daughter of Máel Dúin mac Suibne.2 Rogallach mac Fuataich, rí Connacht was victorious over Colman, son of Cobhthach (the father of Guaire Aidhne), where Colman himself was slain in 617 at the Battle of Ceann Gubha.3 12th King of Connacht at Ireland between 622 and 649.4,5,6,7 He died in 649.1

Family

Muireand ingen Máel
Children

Citations

  1. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 299.
  2. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cairpre mac Néill, 107.
  3. [S294] Various, Irish Annals.
  4. [S897] [unknown], AU.
  5. [S297] Unknown, AT.
  6. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M.
  7. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 300.

Garitrude d' Hamage

b. circa 560, d. December 649
Garitrude d' Hamage|b. c 560\nd. Dec 649|p298.htm#i8177|Theodebald of Bavaria|b. c 520|p81.htm#i10483||||Agivald des Franken|b. c 500|p80.htm#i10432||||||||||
FatherTheodebald of Bavaria b. circa 520
     Garitrude d' Hamage was born circa 560.1 She was the daughter of Theodebald of Bavaria. Garitrude d' Hamage married Richomir of Burgundy, son of Betton of Orléans and Austregilde Aiga of Orléans, before 578. Garitrude d' Hamage died in December 649.

Family

Richomir of Burgundy b. circa 555, d. after 607
Children

Citations

  1. [S175] Christian Settipani, AdC.

Froyla1

d. circa 650
     Froyla died circa 650.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S682] D.S.O. Lt.-Col. W. H. Turton, Turton, pg. 64.

Step'anoz II, mt'avari of K'art'li1

d. 650?
Step'anoz II, mt'avari of K'art'li|d. 650?|p298.htm#i25696|Adarnase I, erist'avi of Kaxet'i, mt'avari of K'art'li|d. 642?|p297.htm#i25695||||Bakur I., King of K'art'li|d. 580?|p294.htm#i25624||||||||||
FatherAdarnase I, erist'avi of Kaxet'i, mt'avari of K'art'li1 d. 642?
     Step'anoz II, mt'avari of K'art'li was the son of Adarnase I, erist'avi of Kaxet'i, mt'avari of K'art'li.1 Step'anoz II, mt'avari of K'art'li was the successor of Adarnase I, erist'avi of Kaxet'i, mt'avari of K'art'li; 3rd Presiding Prince.2 Step'anoz II, mt'avari of K'art'li was son of Adarnase the mt'avari, a descendant of Xosro.1 4th Presiding Prince.2 He was the successor of Adarnase I, erist'avi of Kaxet'i, mt'avari of K'art'li; (41st) mt'avari.3 (42nd) mt'avari at Kartli, Transcaucasia, between 642 and 650.4 Step'anoz II, mt'avari of K'art'li died in 650?. He was the predecessor of Mir, King of K'art'li; Ruler of Kaxet'i.5

Citations

  1. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 236.
  2. [S1641] Cyril Toumanoff, Toumanoff's Studies, Table between 418 & 419.
  3. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 234, 380, 627-42.
  4. [S1186] Robert W. Thomson (translator), The Georgian Chronicle, pg. 236, 380, 642-50.
  5. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html, The Caucasus.

Lambert I de Neustrie1

b. circa 605, d. after 650
Lambert I de Neustrie|b. c 605\nd. a 650|p298.htm#i8184|Chrodobertus I of Neustria|b. c 580\nd. a 630|p296.htm#i8185||||Charibert of Neustria|b. c 555\nd. a 636|p297.htm#i8186|Wulfgurd of Paris|b. c 558|p64.htm#i8187|||||||
FatherChrodobertus I of Neustria b. circa 580, d. after 630
     Also called Lantbertus. Lambert I de Neustrie was a nobleman. He was born circa 605. He was the son of Chrodobertus I of Neustria. Lambert I de Neustrie died after 650.

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 169-45.

St. Oswine, King of Deira1

b. circa 600, d. circa 651
St. Oswine, King of Deira|b. c 600\nd. c 651|p298.htm#i16237|Osric Aelfricsson, King of Deira|b. c 600\nd. 634|p297.htm#i16235||||Ælfric Y.||p142.htm#i16236||||||||||
FatherOsric Aelfricsson, King of Deira1 b. circa 600, d. 634
     St. Oswine, King of Deira was born circa 600. He was the son of Osric Aelfricsson, King of Deira.1 King of Deira between 644 and 651.1 St. Oswine, King of Deira died circa 651.1

Citations

  1. [S427] Britannia.com, online www.britannia.com, http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/northumb.html

Yazdgard III, Shah of Iran

b. circa 605, d. 651
Yazdgard III, Shah of Iran|b. c 605\nd. 651|p298.htm#i11014|N. N. Sassanid||p227.htm#i26207||||Kavad I. S., Shah of Iran|b. 600\nd. c Sep 628|p296.htm#i13512||||||||||
FatherN. N. Sassanid
     Also called Yazkert.1 Yazdgard III, Shah of Iran was grandson of Khusro II.2 Also called Yazdjard II. He was born circa 605. He was the son of N. N. Sassanid. Yazdgard III, Shah of Iran was born circa 620. He was the successor of Shah of Iran Hormizd V of Iran; Shah of Iran.1 Shah of Iran at southwestern Asia between 16 June 632 and 651.3,4,1 Yazdgard III, Shah of Iran witnessed the Arab invasion in 633.3 He saw his army overwhelmed by the Arabs in 637 at the Battle of Kadisiya.3 He saw his army defeated by the Arabs in 641 at the Battle of Neharend.3 He fled his land for Media in 641.3 He died in 651 at Marv. Murdered.3

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Chapter 28.
  2. [S1228] Coins and history, online www.grifterrec.com.
  3. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 408-45.
  4. [S262] MS Encarta 99, "Persia," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved..
  5. [S627] Throne of David, online www.bupc.org/resources/THE%20THRONE%20OF%20DAVID.htm.
  6. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 410-54.

Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum1

b. circa 590, d. circa 652
Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum|b. c 590\nd. c 652|p298.htm#i10276|||||||||||||||||||
     Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum was Arian Christian ostensibly, but probably a pagan.2 Rothari called his own genus (family or clan) Harodos.1 It would seem that Rothari's marriage to Gundiperga, like that of Agilulf to Theudelinda was to add a certain claim of legitimacy to his pretensions to the throne.3 Also called Hrodaharijaz means "resolute warrior."4 He was born circa 590. He married Gundeperga, Queen of the Langobards, daughter of Agilulphus , turingus, ex genere anawas, rex Langobardorum and Theodelinde, Langobardenkönigin, circa 636; His 2nd. Her 2nd.3 "Septimusdecimus ego in dei nomine qui supra rotari rex, filius nandinig, ex genere harodos."5 Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum received the kingdom of the Langobards in 636.6 He was made king by marrying the widow (for whom he had to give up his first wife) of the former king in 636. 17th King of the Longobards at Lombardy, Italy, between 636 and 652.7,8,2 He conquered the whole of Italy excluding Ravenna, the outer peninsulæ of South Italy and Sicily.4 He the Lombard conquest of the Ligurian coast at the early 640's.2 He authored the "Edicus Rothari" - the Langobardian law, the first king to set out Lombard custom, in 643.4,2 Styled Rothar Rex, vir excellentissimus, septimus decimus rex gentis Langobardorum [...] post adventum in Provinciam Italiae Langobardorum anno 76 [...].9 He died circa 652. And when she had been accused to her husband of the crime of adultery, her own slave, Carellus by name, besought the king that he might fight in single combat for the honor of his mistress, with him who had imputed the crime to the queen. And when he had gone into single combat with that accuser he overcame him in the presence of the whole people. The queen indeed after this was done, returned to her former dignity.10

Family

Gundeperga, Queen of the Langobards b. after 608
Child

Citations

  1. [S1591] Chris Wickham, Early Medieval Italy, pg 131.
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, "The Lombard kingdom, 584-774".
  3. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.XLII, footnote [2].
  4. [S714] Barbarian List, online http://hem.passagen.se/rursus/barbar.html
  5. [S1594] Lombard King Rothair, ER, preamble.
  6. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.XLII, footnote [1].
  7. [S249] Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas The Catholic Encyclopedia, under "Lombardy".
  8. [S252] Neil Christie, TPoE: Lombards, pg. xxv.
  9. [S1319] Velde: Royal Styles, online http://www.heraldica.org/topics/royalty/royalstyle.htm
  10. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.XLVII, footnote [4].
  11. [S750] Robert B. Stewart, "My Theories", He did succeed Rothari. A son (or brother)?.
  12. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.XLVII.

Rodoald ex genere Harodos, King of Longobards1

b. circa 638, d. circa March 653
Rodoald ex genere Harodos, King of Longobards|b. c 638\nd. c Mar 653|p298.htm#i21004|Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum|b. c 590\nd. c 652|p298.htm#i10276|Gundeperga, Queen of the Langobards|b. a 608|p79.htm#i10274|||||||Agilulphus , turingus, ex genere anawas, rex Langobardorum|b. c 575\nd. 616|p296.htm#i9863|Theodelinde, Langobardenkönigin|b. c 570\nd. 625|p296.htm#i9864|
FatherRothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum3,2 b. circa 590, d. circa 652
MotherGundeperga, Queen of the Langobards2 b. after 608
     Rodoald ex genere Harodos, King of Longobards was Catholic.4 He was the successor of Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum; 17th King of the Longobards.5,1,4 Rodoald ex genere Harodos, King of Longobards was born circa 638. He was the son of Rothari ex genere Harodos, Rex gentis Langobardorum and Gundeperga, Queen of the Langobards.2,3 18th King of the Longobards at Italy between 652 and 653.1,6 "Rodoald after he had reigned five years (sic, months) and seven days was killed as is said by a certain Langobard whose wife he had defiled."6 Rodoald ex genere Harodos, King of Longobards died circa March 653.7 He was the predecessor of Aribert I, Langobardenkönig; 19th King of the Longobards.1

Citations

  1. [S252] Neil Christie, TPoE: Lombards, pg. xxv.
  2. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.XLVII.
  3. [S750] Robert B. Stewart, "My Theories", He did succeed Rothari. A son (or brother)?.
  4. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, "The Lombard kingdom, 584-774".
  5. [S249] Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas The Catholic Encyclopedia, under "Lombardy".
  6. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter XLVIII, Paul should have written here five months instead of five years (Waitz)..
  7. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter XLVIII, He probably died about March, 653 (Hartmann, II, 1, 275)..

Chindaswinth, King of the Visigoths1

b. circa 563, d. 1 October 653
Chindaswinth, King of the Visigoths|b. c 563\nd. 1 Oct 653|p298.htm#i10536|Swinthila, King of Spain|b. a 594\nd. 633|p297.htm#i10531|Theodora the Visigoth|b. c 600|p82.htm#i10532|Reccared I., King of Spain|b. c 559\nd. Jun 601|p295.htm#i9878|Chlodoswinthe des Francs|b. 569|p78.htm#i10182|Sisebut, King of Spain|b. c 570\nd. 621|p296.htm#i10553||||
FatherSwinthila, King of Spain b. after 594, d. 633
MotherTheodora the Visigoth b. circa 600
     Also called Chindaswinth. Chindaswinth, King of the Visigoths was born circa 563. He was age 90 when his reign concluded in 653. He was the son of Swinthila, King of Spain and Theodora the Visigoth. King of the Visigoths at Spain between 642 and 653.1 Chindaswinth, King of the Visigoths married Rekiberga (?) before 649. Chindaswinth, King of the Visigoths died on 1 October 653.2

Family

Rekiberga (?) b. circa 630
Children

Citations

  1. [S713] Herwig Wolfram, Wolfram, 1997, pg. 276.
  2. [S187] Royal Genealogy Database, online http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/

Anna, King of the East Angles

d. 654
Anna, King of the East Angles|d. 654|p298.htm#i13361|Eni Uuffing||p111.htm#i13362||||King of the East Angles Tytilus Uuffing|d. 593|p294.htm#i13363||||||||||
FatherEni Uuffing1
     Anna, King of the East Angles was the son of Eni Uuffing.1 Anna, King of the East Angles married Sæwara (?).2 King of the East Angles before 654.3 Anna, King of the East Angles died in 654.3

Family

Sæwara (?)
Children

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Casere, 65.
  2. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, ...of Kent.
  3. [S1063] PASE, online http:\\www.asnc.cam.ac.uk\pase\Level1\homepage.html, BDDAB, p. 47.
  4. [S602] St. "the Venerable," c. 673-735 Bede, Bede's History, Book III, Chap VIII.

Penda, King of Mercia1

d. 654?
Penda, King of Mercia|d. 654?|p298.htm#i23656|Pybba, King of Mercia|b. 570\nd. 606|p295.htm#i13348||||Creoda of the Angles|d. 593|p294.htm#i13349||||||||||
FatherPybba, King of Mercia1 b. 570, d. 606
     Penda, King of Mercia was the son of Pybba, King of Mercia.1 Penda, King of Mercia married Cynewise (?).1 King of Mercia at England between 632 and 654.1 Penda, King of Mercia died in 654?.

Family

Cynewise (?)
Children

Citations

  1. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, ...of Mercia.
  2. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 289.
  3. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 284.

T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia

b. circa 575, d. circa 655
     T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia was born circa 575. Nakharar (Viceroy) of Armenia at Byzantine Empire, Transcaucasia, between 638 and 643.1,2 He defended, alongside the Byzantine General Procopius, against the first, unsuccessful, Arab attack into Armenia in 640.3 He was unable to prevent the Arabs from pillaging in 642 at Dvin, Armenia.3 He gained a victory over the Arabs, for which he was named commander-in-chief of the Armenian army by Constans II in 643.3 He was the predecessor of Varaz-Tiroc' II Jawitean Xosrov, Prince of the Bagratids; Viceroy of Armenia.4,1 Marzpan of Armenia at Byzantine Empire, Transcaucasia, between 645 and 653.1,5 "After Dawit' Saharhuni, T'eodoros Rshtuni was the marzpan of Armenia for twenty-five years."6 T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia became governor of Armenia under the Arabs after the truce with Mu'awiyah, then governor of Syria, to whom Constans voluntarily surrendered Armenia, and who granted it virtual autonomy, and made Theodor governor in 653.3 Ostikan (Governor) of Armenia at the Caliphate, Transcaucasia, between 653 and 654.1,2 He died circa 655 at Asorestan.7 He was the predecessor of Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia; Presiding Prince of Armenia, for the Caliph.4 . His body was brought to his own district, and he was buried in the tomb of his fathers.7

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Armenia: The Mamikonians and Bagratids.
  3. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  4. [S25] J. M. Hussey, Cambridge Medieval History, Vol 4, Part 1, pg. 781.
  5. [S1167] Kirakos Ganjakets'i, HoA: Kirakos' (13th C), (Robert Bedrosian, translator): pg. 55.
  6. [S1167] Kirakos Ganjakets'i, HoA: Kirakos' (13th C), (Robert Bedrosian, translator): pg. 50.
  7. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Ch. 38.
  8. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 322-46.

Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent1

b. circa 616, d. circa 655
Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent|b. c 616\nd. c 655|p298.htm#i11880|Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing, a Ergyng Meurig ap Tewdrig o Gwent|b. c 596\nd. c 665|p299.htm#i11917|Onbrawst verch Gwrgant o Gwent|b. c 602|p97.htm#i11918|Brenin Gwent a Glywyssing St. T. a. L. o Gwent|b. c 580\nd. c 630|p296.htm#i11919||||Brenin Ergyng Gwrgant F. a. C. o Gwent|b. c 586|p98.htm#i11960||||
FatherBrenin Gwent, Glywyssing, a Ergyng Meurig ap Tewdrig o Gwent2 b. circa 596, d. circa 665
MotherOnbrawst verch Gwrgant o Gwent2 b. circa 602
     Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent was born circa 616. He was the son of Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing, a Ergyng Meurig ap Tewdrig o Gwent and Onbrawst verch Gwrgant o Gwent.2 Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent was the successor of Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing, a Ergyng Meurig ap Tewdrig o Gwent; King of Gwent & Glywyssing.1 Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent was the successor of Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing, a Ergyng Meurig ap Tewdrig o Gwent; King of Ergyng.1 Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent married Gweneddlon verch Braifael o Gwent, daughter of Briafael Fridig ap Llywarch o Gwent and N. N. verch Theudu o Dumnonia, before 634. Brenin Gwent, Glywyssing a Ergyng Athrwys ap Meurig o Gwent died circa 655.2 King of Gwent, Glywyssing & Ergyng at South East Wales between 680 and 685.1 He was the predecessor of Overking of Gwent, Glywyssing & Ergyng Morgan Mwynfawr ab Athrwys o Gwent; Over-King of Gwent, Glywyssing & Ergyng.1

Family

Gweneddlon verch Braifael o Gwent
Children

Æthelwold of the Angles1,2

b. circa 630, d. after November 655
Æthelwold of the Angles|b. c 630\nd. a Nov 655|p298.htm#i16238|St. Oswald, King of Bernicia|b. 606?\nd. 5 Aug 642|p297.htm#i12301|N. N. of Wessex|b. 610?|p210.htm#i23675|Æthelfrith, King of Bernicia and Deira|b. c 570\nd. 616|p296.htm#i12297|Acha of the Angles|b. c 584|p101.htm#i12299|King of Wessex Cynegils of Wessex||p59.htm#i7292||||
FatherSt. Oswald, King of Bernicia3 b. 606?, d. 5 August 642
MotherN. N. of Wessex4 b. 610?
     Æthelwold of the Angles was born circa 630. He was the son of St. Oswald, King of Bernicia and N. N. of Wessex.3,4 King of Deira between 651 and 656.3,2 Æthelwold of the Angles died after November 655.2

Citations

  1. [S601] Michelle Ziegler, "The Politics of Exile".
  2. [S1063] PASE, online http:\\www.asnc.cam.ac.uk\pase\Level1\homepage.html, BDDAB, pp. 32.
  3. [S427] Britannia.com, online www.britannia.com, http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/northumb.html
  4. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 284.

maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen

b. 610, d. 656
maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen|b. 610\nd. 656|p298.htm#i10251|Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie|b. c 575\nd. 21 Feb 639|p297.htm#i5331|Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles|b. bt 592 - 593\nd. 657|p298.htm#i5332|Carloman de Landen|b. c 560|p63.htm#i8154|Gertrude von Bayern|b. a 556|p63.htm#i8155|Arnoald, évêque de Metz|b. c 560\nd. c 611|p295.htm#i7662|Oda (?)|b. c 564|p79.htm#i10289|
FatherPippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie1,2 b. circa 575, d. 21 February 639
MotherIdoberga, fondatrice Nivelles2 b. between 592 and 593, d. 657
      Maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen was born in 610.2 He was the son of Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie and Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles.1,2 Maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen succeeded Otto as Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia in 641. Mayor of the Palace at Austrasia, Frankish Kingdoms, between 641 and 657.3 He died in 656 at Paris, Neustria, Frankish Kingdom, at age 46 years. On his capture and imprisonment by the Neustrians in Paris, King Clovis II had him tortured and executed.2 He was a witness where rex Francorum, vir inluster Dagoberchtus II des Francs forced into exile by Grimoald, the Mayor of the Palace, in 657 at Ireland.4 Maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen was captured by the Neustrians who were angry with the turn of events in Austrasia, namely that his son, Childebert the Adopted, usurped Dagobert, the legitimate heir to the throne, and so they sent the captured Grimoald to Paris in 657.

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 154, genealogy table 5 (b)..
  2. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 153.
  3. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/
  4. [S444] Edward James, James, E., p. 233.
  5. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, Prosopography, pg. 350-363.

rí Laigin Crundmáel Erbuilc mac Rónáin Uí Chennselaig

d. 656
rí Laigin Crundmáel Erbuilc mac Rónáin Uí Chennselaig|d. 656|p298.htm#i14380|rí Uí Chennselaig Rónán mac Coluim Uí Chennselaig|d. 624|p296.htm#i14379||||Columb m. C. Uí Chennselaig||p123.htm#i14378||||||||||
Fatherrí Uí Chennselaig Rónán mac Coluim Uí Chennselaig1,2 d. 624
     Rí Laigin Crundmáel Erbuilc mac Rónáin Uí Chennselaig was the son of rí Uí Chennselaig Rónán mac Coluim Uí Chennselaig.1,2 He has sometimes been confused with his kinsman Crundmáel Bolg Luatha, king of Uí Chennselaig (son of Áed, son of Eogan, son of Nath Í, etc.), who died in 628.1 Rí Laigin Crundmáel Erbuilc mac Rónáin Uí Chennselaig married Failend ingen Suibne, daughter of Suibne mac Colmáin.1,3 King of Laigin before 656.1 Rí Laigin Crundmáel Erbuilc mac Rónáin Uí Chennselaig died in 656.4,1

Family

Failend ingen Suibne
Child

Citations

  1. [S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.
  2. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 21.
  3. [S498] Margaret E. Dobbs, "Women of the Uí Dunlainge".
  4. [S897] [unknown], AU.

Ard-rí na h'Éireann Cellach mac Máel Coba

d. 656
Ard-rí na h'Éireann Cellach mac Máel Coba|d. 656|p298.htm#i14407|Máel Coba, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 610|p295.htm#i14406||||Áed m. A., Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 594|p294.htm#i14404|Land ingen Áeda||p123.htm#i14405|||||||
FatherMáel Coba, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1 d. 610
     Ard-rí na h'Éireann Cellach mac Máel Coba was the son of Máel Coba, Ard-rí na h'Éireann.1 Of Cenél Conaill. 147th Monarch of Ireland between 639 and 652. Annals of the Four Masters 640: "The first year of Conall Cael and Ceallach, two sons of Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, over Ireland, in joint sovereignty. / An céd-bhliadhain do Chonall Caol & do Cheallach, dá mhac Maoil Cobha, mic Aodha, mic Ainmirech, os Erinn i righe." ( (an unknown value)).2 Annals of Inisfallen Pre-Patrician: "Conall Cael and Cellach, two sons of Mael Coba, reigned 9 years."3 Ard-rí na h'Éireann Cellach mac Máel Coba was victorious over Aenghus, son of Domhnall; and Aenghus was slain in this battle; and there was also slain in this same battle Cathasach, son of Domhnall Breac in 646 at the Battle of Dun Crimhthainn.4 He died in 656 at Brugh Mic An Og. "For 656, After Conall and Ceallach, the two sons of Maelcobha, son of Aedh, son of Ainmire, had been seventeen years over Ireland, Conall was slain by Diarmaid, son of Aedh Slaine; and Ceallach died at Brugh Mic An Og."4

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Conall Gulban mac Néill, 104.
  2. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M640.1.
  3. [S1385] Ed. & trans. Seán Mac Airt, AIPP.
  4. [S294] Various, Irish Annals.

rí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin

d. 656
rí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin|d. 656|p298.htm#i14921|rí Osraige Rónán Rígflaith mac Colmáin Uí Éremóin|d. 624|p296.htm#i14920||||rí Osraige Colmán M. m. E. Uí Éremóin|d. 574|p293.htm#i14919||||||||||
Fatherrí Osraige Rónán Rígflaith mac Colmáin Uí Éremóin1,2 d. 624
     Rí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin was the son of rí Osraige Rónán Rígflaith mac Colmáin Uí Éremóin.1,2 King of Osraige at Ossory, Leinster, Ireland, before 656.3 Chronicon Scotorum 656: "Death of Crunnmael Erbolg son of Rónán, king of Laigin Desgabair."2 Rí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin died in 656.2

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 22].
  2. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS656.
  3. [S636] Ireland: History in Maps, online http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/kilkenny/2/iremaps.htm

rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs1,2

b. between 9 October 630 and 19 January 631, d. 1 February 656
rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs|b. bt 9 Oct 630 - 19 Jan 631\nd. 1 Feb 656|p298.htm#i7908|Dagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster|b. c 603\nd. 19 Jan 639|p297.htm#i7909|Regintrude of Austrasia|b. c 612|p64.htm#i8162|Chlothacharius I., rex Francorum|b. Jun 584\nd. 28 Sep 628|p296.htm#i7910|Berthetrude of Burgundy|b. c 582\nd. 618|p296.htm#i7912|N. N. of Austrasia|b. c 580|p80.htm#i10439||||
FatherDagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster1,3,4,5,6,7 b. circa 603, d. 19 January 639
MotherRegintrude of Austrasia8 b. circa 612
     Rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs was born between 9 October 630 and 19 January 631.9 He was the son of Dagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster and Regintrude of Austrasia.1,3,4,5,6,7,8 Rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs succeeded his father to the Austrasian portion of his kingdom in 639.10 He was a witness where Fara des Franken involved in the revolt against Sigebert III in 639. Rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs witnessed the will of Dagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster in January 639; He left Austrasia to Sigebert, and Neustria and Burgundy to a younger son, Clovis.10 12th King of Austrasia at Rheims, Frankish Kingdoms, between 19 January 639 and 656.5,6 Rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs married regina Chinechildis des Burgondes before 652; His 2nd.3,11 Rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs associated with N. N. , a concubine of Sigebert III before 652; His 1st. Rex Austrasii Sigibertus III des Francs died on 1 February 656.12

Family 1

N. N. , a concubine of Sigebert III b. circa 630

Family 2

regina Chinechildis des Burgondes b. 625, d. 670
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 303-46.
  2. [S218] The Oxford Merovingian Page, online ..
  3. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, Prosopography, pg. 350-363.
  4. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 154, genealogy table 5 (a)..
  5. [S440] Léon van der Essen, Deux Mille, Gen Table I.
  6. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/
  7. [S467] GdRdF, online http://jeanjacques.villemag.free.fr/
  8. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, pg 349.
  9. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 105.
  10. [S37] J. M. Wallace-Hadrill, Barbarian West, 400-1000, pg. 80.
  11. [S1202] . MGH-DI, Diplomata Regum Francorum E Stirpe Merowingica, pg. 25.
  12. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 105-106.
  13. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 303-45.

'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam

b. circa 593, d. 17 June 656
'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam|b. c 593\nd. 17 Jun 656|p298.htm#i11008|'Affan ibn Abûl 'Âs|b. c 573|p150.htm#i16972||||Abûl 'Âs ibn Umayyah|b. c 553|p89.htm#i11194||||||||||
Father'Affan ibn Abûl 'Âs1 b. circa 573
      'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam was born into the rich and powerful Umayyad clan of Mecca.2 He centralized the administration of the caliphate and established an official version of the Qur'an.2 Of the Umayyad. He was born circa 593. He was the son of 'Affan ibn Abûl 'Âs.1 'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam married Ruqaiyah bint Muhammad Banu Hâshim, daughter of Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet and Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshiyya, circa 613; Her 2nd (divorcee).3 'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam married Umm Kalthum bint Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh Banu Hâshim, daughter of Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet and Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshiyya, circa 629; His 2nd (widower). Her 2nd (divorcee).3 The second marriage was to another one of the Prophet's daughters followed the death of Ruqayya. Because he had the high privilege of having two daughters of the Prophet as wives Uthman was known as "The Possessor of the Two Lights." 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islâm between 644 and 656.4 'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam was a witness where Marwân I ibn al-Hakam al-Qurayshi, 4th Umayyad Caliph a loyal follower of the Caliph 'Uthman bin 'Affan.5 'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam was a witness where 'Â'isha umm Mu'minin bint Abu Bakr al-Makkiyya played an important role in fomenting opposition that led to the murder of 'Uthman, the 3rd Caliph, in 656.6 'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam was a witness where Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr al-Makkiyya involved in the assassination of the third Caliph, Uthman on 17 June 656 at Medina, Arabia.7 'Uthman ibn 'Affan al-Qurayshi, 3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam died on 17 June 656 at 18th Zul al-Hijjah, A.H. 35, Medina, Arabia. After a long siege, the rebels, urged by 'A'isha, the widow of Muhammed, broke into Uthman's house and murdered him. When the first assassin's sword struck Uthman, he was reciting the verse, "Verily, God sufficeth thee; He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing." His death marked the beginning of open religious and political conflicts within the Islamic community.2 He was the predecessor of 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam; 4th Rightly Guided Caliph of Islâm.8,1,4 . He was admitted to paradise.4

Family 1

Ruqaiyah bint Muhammad Banu Hâshim b. circa 598, d. 623
Children

Family 2

Umm Kalthum bint Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh Banu Hâshim b. circa 603, d. 630

Citations

  1. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, 'Uthman ibn 'Affan.
  3. [S469] Al-Islam.com, online http://www.al-islam.com/, The Prophet's daughters.
  4. [S956] Comparitive Index to Islam, online http://answering-islam.org/Index/index.html, 'UTHMAN IBN 'AFFAN.
  5. [S469] Al-Islam.com, online http://www.al-islam.com/
  6. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Camel, Battle of the (Islamic hist.) .
  7. [S956] Comparitive Index to Islam, online http://answering-islam.org/Index/index.html, ABU BAKR .
  8. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.

Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles

b. between 592 and 593, d. 657
Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles|b. bt 592 - 593\nd. 657|p298.htm#i5332|Arnoald, évêque de Metz|b. c 560\nd. c 611|p295.htm#i7662|Oda (?)|b. c 564|p79.htm#i10289|Ansbertus, sénateur|b. c 535\nd. 611|p295.htm#i7663|Blithilde f. C.|b. c 538\nd. c 603|p295.htm#i7673|||||||
FatherArnoald, évêque de Metz b. circa 560, d. circa 611
MotherOda (?) b. circa 564
     Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles was born between 592 and 593.1 She was the daughter of Arnoald, évêque de Metz and Oda (?). Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles married Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie, son of Carloman de Landen and Gertrude von Bayern, in 614. Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles was founder of the Nivelles Abbey in 650 at Brabant.1,2 Annales Xantenses 650: "Itta relicta Pippini, Nivelle monasterium edificant."2 She was the predecessor of abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen; Abbess of Nivelles.1 Annales Xantenses 657: "Beata Itta mater sancte Gerthrudis obiit."3 Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles died in 657 at the Abbey of Nivelles, Brabant, Belgium.3

Family

Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie b. circa 575, d. 21 February 639
Children

Citations

  1. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 153.
  2. [S1188] Various MGH, pg. 219, from Annales Xantensis.
  3. [S1188] Various MGH, pg. 220, from Annales Xantensis.

Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus1,2

b. 634, d. 657
Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus|b. 634\nd. 657|p298.htm#i7929|Dagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster|b. c 603\nd. 19 Jan 639|p297.htm#i7909|Nantechild of Neustria|b. c 610\nd. 642|p297.htm#i7931|Chlothacharius I., rex Francorum|b. Jun 584\nd. 28 Sep 628|p296.htm#i7910|Berthetrude of Burgundy|b. c 582\nd. 618|p296.htm#i7912|Sandregisisle de Bobigny|b. c 585|p64.htm#i8170||||
FatherDagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster2,3,4,5,6 b. circa 603, d. 19 January 639
MotherNantechild of Neustria b. circa 610, d. 642
     Also called Clovis II of the Franks. Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus was born in 634.6 He was the son of Dagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster and Nantechild of Neustria.2,3,4,5,6 Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus succeeded his father to the kingdoms of Neustria and Burgundy in 639.7 He witnessed the will of Dagoberchtus I, rex Francorum, vir inluster in January 639; He left Austrasia to Sigebert, and Neustria and Burgundy to a younger son, Clovis.7 4th King of Neustria at Paris, Frankish Kingdoms, between 19 January 639 and 657.4,5 King of Burgundy at Frankish Kingdoms between 19 January 639 and 657.5 Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus married Balthild the Anglo-Saxon, daughter of Prince Sisoigne d' Ascainie, in 649; She was a slave.2,6 Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus witnessed the death of maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen in 656 at Paris, Neustria, Frankish Kingdom; On his capture and imprisonment by the Neustrians in Paris, King Clovis II had him tortured and executed.8 Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus was a witness where maire du palais de Neustrie Chrodbert de Neustrie was Majordomo of King Chlodwig (Clovis) II of Neustria before 657. Chlodoveus II, rex Francorum, viris inlustribus died in 657 at age 23 years.2,4

Family

Balthild the Anglo-Saxon b. circa 626, d. 30 January 680
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 123-47.
  2. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, Prosopography, pg. 350-363.
  3. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 154, genealogy table 5 (a)..
  4. [S440] Léon van der Essen, Deux Mille, Gen Table I.
  5. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/
  6. [S467] GdRdF, online http://jeanjacques.villemag.free.fr/
  7. [S37] J. M. Wallace-Hadrill, Barbarian West, 400-1000, pg. 80.
  8. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 153.

Tolargain mac Anfrith, regis Pictorum1

b. circa 625, d. 657
Tolargain mac Anfrith, regis Pictorum|b. c 625\nd. 657|p298.htm#i17969|Eanfrith, King of Bernicia|b. 605?\nd. 635|p297.htm#i12302|Princess of the Picts N. N. ingen Gwid|b. 600?|p160.htm#i17983|Æthelfrith, King of Bernicia and Deira|b. c 570\nd. 616|p296.htm#i12297|Acha of the Angles|b. c 584|p101.htm#i12299|Gwid mac Brude|b. c 561|p160.htm#i17984|N. N. ingen Erb||p160.htm#i18012|
FatherEanfrith, King of Bernicia2 b. 605?, d. 635
MotherPrincess of the Picts N. N. ingen Gwid3 b. 600?
     Tolargain mac Anfrith, regis Pictorum was born circa 625. He was the son of Eanfrith, King of Bernicia and Princess of the Picts N. N. ingen Gwid.2,3 Tolargain mac Anfrith, regis Pictorum was the first half-english ruler of the Picts, succeeding his uncle, Talorc mac Gwid, in 653.4 King of Picts between 653 and 657.5 He fought against Dál Riata in 654.6 Chronicon Scotorum 657: "Death of Tolorcan son of Ainfíth, king of Cruithin."7 Annals of Ulster 657: "Death of Tolorgan son of Ainfrith, king of the Picts. / Mors Tolargain mc. Anfrith regis Pictorum."1 He died in 657.6,7

Citations

  1. [S897] [unknown], AU, U657.3.
  2. [S593] Picts, manuscript Internet, "Tallorcen filius Enfret".
  3. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., Chart 6. Celts (3) - The Picts.
  4. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., [FA20].
  5. [S593] Picts, manuscript Internet, "Tallorcen filius Enfret iiij. annis regnavit.".
  6. [S593] Picts, manuscript Internet.
  7. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS657.

toisech Osraighi Fáelán mac Crunnmaíl Uí Éremóin

d. circa 658
toisech Osraighi Fáelán mac Crunnmaíl Uí Éremóin|d. c 658|p298.htm#i14922|rí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin|d. 656|p298.htm#i14921||||rí Osraige Rónán R. m. C. Uí Éremóin|d. 624|p296.htm#i14920||||||||||
Fatherrí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin1 d. 656
     Toisech Osraighi Fáelán mac Crunnmaíl Uí Éremóin was the son of rí Osraige Crundmáel mac Rónán Uí Éremóin.1 Chief of Osraige at Ossory, Leinster, Ireland, before 658.2,3 Toisech Osraighi Fáelán mac Crunnmaíl Uí Éremóin died circa 658. He was slain in battle by the Leinstermen.3,4 Annals of the Four Masters 658: "Faolan, toisech Osraighi, do mharbhadh la Laighnibh." ( (an unknown value)).5 Chronicon Scotorum 660: "The slaying of Faelán king of Osraige by the Laigin."4

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S335] Donnchadh Ó Corráin, Rawl. 502, 22].
  2. [S636] Ireland: History in Maps, online http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/kilkenny/2/iremaps.htm
  3. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, 658.9.
  4. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS660.
  5. [S334] Emma Ryan Vol. 1, Myriam Priour Vol. 2 & 3 and Floortje Hondelink Vol. 4, A4M, M658.9.

King of Brittany Judicaël ap Hoël de Bretagne1

b. circa 602, d. 658
King of Brittany Judicaël ap Hoël de Bretagne|b. c 602\nd. 658|p298.htm#i11511|King of Brittany Hoël III ab Alain de Bretagne|b. c 580\nd. 612|p295.htm#i11512|Fratelle verch Osoche|b. c 580|p91.htm#i11513|King of Brittany Alain I. a. H. de Bretagne|b. c 560\nd. 635|p297.htm#i11516|Azenor (?)|b. c 560|p91.htm#i11517|Osoche (?)||p91.htm#i11515||||
FatherKing of Brittany Hoël III ab Alain de Bretagne1 b. circa 580, d. 612
MotherFratelle verch Osoche1 b. circa 580
     King of Brittany Judicaël ap Hoël de Bretagne was born circa 602.1 He was the son of King of Brittany Hoël III ab Alain de Bretagne and Fratelle verch Osoche.1 King of Brittany at France circa 630.2 King of Dumnonia at Brittany, France, circa 630.2 King of Brittany Judicaël ap Hoël de Bretagne died in 658.3

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm
  3. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Caradoc, Lord of Meiriadog, 83.

King of Brittany Salomon II ap Hoël de Bretagne1

b. circa 600, d. 658
King of Brittany Salomon II ap Hoël de Bretagne|b. c 600\nd. 658|p298.htm#i11514|King of Brittany Hoël III ab Alain de Bretagne|b. c 580\nd. 612|p295.htm#i11512|Fratelle verch Osoche|b. c 580|p91.htm#i11513|King of Brittany Alain I. a. H. de Bretagne|b. c 560\nd. 635|p297.htm#i11516|Azenor (?)|b. c 560|p91.htm#i11517|Osoche (?)||p91.htm#i11515||||
FatherKing of Brittany Hoël III ab Alain de Bretagne1 b. circa 580, d. 612
MotherFratelle verch Osoche1 b. circa 580
     King of Brittany Salomon II ap Hoël de Bretagne was born circa 600.1 He was the son of King of Brittany Hoël III ab Alain de Bretagne and Fratelle verch Osoche.1 King of Brittany at France before 658.1 King of Brittany Salomon II ap Hoël de Bretagne died in 658.1

St. Fulgencio of Cartagena1

d. 658
St. Fulgencio of Cartagena|d. 658|p298.htm#i28173|Severinus of Cartagena|b. c 500|p82.htm#i10573|Theodora|b. c 505|p82.htm#i10574|||||||Theudericus M., rex Italiae|b. c 454\nd. 30 Aug 526|p291.htm#i9760|Theodora (?)|b. c 480|p82.htm#i10575|
FatherSeverinus of Cartagena1 b. circa 500
MotherTheodora1 b. circa 505
     St. Fulgencio of Cartagena was the son of Severinus of Cartagena and Theodora.1 Bishop of Carthagena.2 Bishop of Ecija (Astigi) at Spain.3 Also called St. Fulgentius.2 St. Fulgencio of Cartagena was twice bishop of Cartagena.1 He died in 658.1

Citations

  1. [S1395] Portal Cartagena, online http://www.cartagena-virtual.com/personajes/…
  2. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX, St. Leander of Seville.
  3. [S585] Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VI, St. Fulgentius.

Dúnchad Síl nÁedo Sláine1

d. 659
Dúnchad Síl nÁedo Sláine|d. 659|p298.htm#i29264|Áed Sláine mac Diarmata, rí Bregh, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 604|p295.htm#i14582||||Diarmait m. C., rí Midi, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 558|p292.htm#i14576|Mugain i. C. Uí Briúin||p125.htm#i14580|||||||
FatherÁed Sláine mac Diarmata, rí Bregh, Ard-rí na h'Éireann1 d. 604
     Dúnchad Síl nÁedo Sláine was the son of Áed Sláine mac Diarmata, rí Bregh, Ard-rí na h'Éireann.1 Dúnchad Síl nÁedo Sláine died in 659.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, App II, table 2.

abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen1

b. 626, d. 17 March 659
abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen|b. 626\nd. 17 Mar 659|p298.htm#i21213|Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie|b. c 575\nd. 21 Feb 639|p297.htm#i5331|Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles|b. bt 592 - 593\nd. 657|p298.htm#i5332|Carloman de Landen|b. c 560|p63.htm#i8154|Gertrude von Bayern|b. a 556|p63.htm#i8155|Arnoald, évêque de Metz|b. c 560\nd. c 611|p295.htm#i7662|Oda (?)|b. c 564|p79.htm#i10289|
FatherPippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie1 b. circa 575, d. 21 February 639
MotherIdoberga, fondatrice Nivelles1 b. between 592 and 593, d. 657
     Abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen was born in 626.1 She was the daughter of Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie and Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles.1 Abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen was a witness where Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles founder of the Nivelles Abbey in 650 at Brabant.1,2 Abbess of Nivelles between 650 and 659.1 Abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen was the predecessor of abbesse de Nivelles Wulfetrudis de Landen; Abbess of Nivelles.1 Abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen died on 17 March 659 at age 33 years.1

Citations

  1. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 153.
  2. [S1188] Various MGH, pg. 219, from Annales Xantensis.

Theodosius the Heraclian1

b. circa 632, d. 660
Theodosius the Heraclian|b. c 632\nd. 660|p298.htm#i16370|Heraclius Constantine III, basileus|b. 3 May 612\nd. 24 May 641|p297.htm#i12361|Gregoria (?)||p144.htm#i16368|Heraclius, basileus|b. c 575\nd. 11 Feb 641|p297.htm#i12362|Eudokia (?)|b. c 585\nd. 612|p295.htm#i12363|||||||
FatherHeraclius Constantine III, basileus1 b. 3 May 612, d. 24 May 641
MotherGregoria (?)1
     Theodosius the Heraclian was born circa 632. He was the son of Heraclius Constantine III, basileus and Gregoria (?).1 Theodosius the Heraclian died in 660. He was excluded from the succession and murdered on the orders of his brother Constans II.2

Citations

  1. [S25] J. M. Hussey, Cambridge Medieval History, Vol 4, Part 1, pg. 789.
  2. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Constans II Pogonatus (Byz. emp.) .

Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia1

b. circa 600, d. 661
Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia|b. c 600\nd. 661|p298.htm#i5947|Dawith Mamikonean, nakharar in Taron|b. 580|p51.htm#i5951||||Vahan I. Mamikonean, Prince of Taron|b. c 555\nd. c 600|p295.htm#i5953||||||||||
FatherDawith Mamikonean, nakharar in Taron2,3 b. 580
     Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia was regarded as virtuous by everyone, but delicate, a reader and a scholar, not--like his patrimonial family--skilled and adept at military exercises.3 Also called Hamazasp III of Taron. He was lord of the Mamikoneans, son of Dawit.3' He was born circa 600.4 He was the son of Dawith Mamikonean, nakharar in Taron.2,3 Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia married N. N. Rštouni, daughter of T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia, before 640.2 Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia was the successor of T'eodoros Rštouni, nakharar of Armenia; Ostikan (Governor) of Armenia.5,6 Hamazasp III Mamikonean, marzpan of Armenia succeeded his father-in-law Theodor Rshtuni as governor of Armenia in 655.7 Presiding Prince of Armenia, for the Caliph between 655 and 657.8 "After T'eodoros the marzpan of Armenia was Hamazasp, for seven years."7 He was made Curopalate by the Emperor Constans who gave him a silver throne and authority over the land of Armenia in 657.3 Viceroy of Armenia at Byzantine Empire, Transcaucasia, between 657 and 658.8,6 He died in 661.4

Family

N. N. Rštouni b. circa 605
Children

Citations

  1. [S1132] DFA (4000 yr), online, 102..
  2. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 322-46.
  3. [S589] Robert Bedrosian (translator), HoA: Sebeos' (7th C), Ch. 38.
  4. [S1037] DFA (Bagrat), online http://www.ut.ee/~votan/articles/bagrat.htm
    , Part 2, V.
  5. [S261] Regnal Chronologies, online http://www.hostkingdom.net/regindex.html
  6. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Armenia: The Mamikonians and Bagratids.
  7. [S1167] Kirakos Ganjakets'i, HoA: Kirakos' (13th C), (Robert Bedrosian, translator): pg. 55.
  8. [S25] J. M. Hussey, Cambridge Medieval History, Vol 4, Part 1, pg. 781.
  9. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 322-45.
  10. [S1132] DFA (4000 yr), online, 102-103..

Aribert I, Langobardenkönig

b. circa 585, d. 661
Aribert I, Langobardenkönig|b. c 585\nd. 661|p298.htm#i9787|Gundoald, Herzog von Asti|b. a 556\nd. bt 612 - 613|p295.htm#i9786||||Garibald I., Herzog von Bayern|b. 525\nd. 592|p294.htm#i8146|Waldrada, Longobard Princess|b. c 540\nd. 572|p293.htm#i8165|||||||
FatherGundoald, Herzog von Asti1,2 b. after 556, d. between 612 and 613
     Aribert I, Langobardenkönig was nephew of Theodalinda, Queen of the Lombards in 590. He was born circa 585. He was the son of Gundoald, Herzog von Asti.1,2 "There is no record of the events which led to the succession of Aripert, a Catholic of the Bavarian house and friendly to the Romans, in place of the Arian, anti-Roman dynasty of Rothari."3 19th King of the Longobards at Italy between 653 and 661.4 Aribert I, Langobardenkönig died in 661. Aripert then, after he had ruled at Ticinum for nine years, died, leaving the kingdom to be governed by his two sons, Perctarit and Godepert who were still of youthful age.1,5 He was the predecessor of Godebert, Langobardenkönig; 21st King (at Ticinum) of the Longobards.4,6 Aribert I, Langobardenkönig was the predecessor of Perctarit, Langobardenkönig; 20th King (at the city of Mediolanum) of the Longobards.4,7,6

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S682] D.S.O. Lt.-Col. W. H. Turton, Turton, pg. 27.
  2. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.XLVIII.
  3. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter XLVIII, footnote (2), (Hartmann, II, 1, 244)..
  4. [S252] Neil Christie, TPoE: Lombards, pg. xxv.
  5. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter LI, A.D. 661.
  6. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.LI.
  7. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, "The Lombard kingdom, 584-774".
  8. [S750] Robert B. Stewart, "My Theories", He did succeed Aribert. A son (or brother)?.
  9. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 5.LI.
  10. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter LI.
  11. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 5, I.
  12. [S970] MGDR, online http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/, Familie der Langobarden-Fürsten.

Cuthred of Wessex1

d. 661
Cuthred of Wessex|d. 661|p298.htm#i23685|Cwichelm of Wessex|d. 636|p297.htm#i23684||||King of Wessex Cynegils of Wessex||p59.htm#i7292||||||||||
FatherCwichelm of Wessex1 d. 636
     Cuthred of Wessex was the son of Cwichelm of Wessex.1 Cuthred of Wessex died in 661.1

Citations

  1. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 286.

King of Wessex Coenberht of Wessex1

d. 661
King of Wessex Coenberht of Wessex|d. 661|p298.htm#i23698|Cadda of Wessex||p210.htm#i23697||||Cutha of Wessex||p210.htm#i23696||||||||||
FatherCadda of Wessex1
     King of Wessex Coenberht of Wessex was the son of Cadda of Wessex.1 King of Wessex at England before 661.1 King of Wessex Coenberht of Wessex died in 661.1

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 286.

'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam1,2

b. 27 September 600, d. 26 January 661
'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam|b. 27 Sep 600\nd. 26 Jan 661|p298.htm#i10893|Âbu Tâlib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib, Clan Chief|b. c 550\nd. 619|p296.htm#i10895|Fatima bint Assad ibn Hashim al-Qurayshiyya|b. c 556|p85.htm#i10896|'Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hâshim, Clan Chief|b. b 496\nd. 578|p293.htm#i10898|Fatima b. A. al-Makhzumiyya|b. c 525|p85.htm#i10899|Assad i. H. al-Qurayshi|b. c 526|p85.htm#i10897||||
FatherÂbu Tâlib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib, Clan Chief3,4,5 b. circa 550, d. 619
MotherFatima bint Assad ibn Hashim al-Qurayshiyya3 b. circa 556
     'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was the father of al-Hasan al-Mujtaba ibn 'Alî, 2nd Holy Imam of Islam; the eldest of the sons of 'Ali bin Abi Talib and Fatimah bint Muhammad.6 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was given the Laqab (title) "Al-Wasi," "Amir al-Mu'minin" (Emir of the Believers).7 Also called Ali of Arabia.8 He was the father of al-Husayn ibn 'Alî, 3rd Holy Imam of Islam; the second of son of 'Ali bin Abi Talib and Fatimah bint Muhammad.6 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was born on 27 September 600 at 13th of Rajab, 10 years before the declaration of the Prophethood, Mecca, "inside the Ka'bah", Saudi Arabia.5,8,2,7 "Fatimah bint Asad was circumbulating the Ka'ba when she was carrying Ali (a.s.). The wall of Ka'ba cracked to create an opening and she entered it to give birth to Ali (a.s.). Al-Mustadrak 3:483."7 He was the son of Âbu Tâlib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib, Clan Chief and Fatima bint Assad ibn Hashim al-Qurayshiyya.3,4,5 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was a witness where Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet received the Divine Message, where the angel Gabriel appeared to a fearful Muhammad and informed him that he was God's chosen messenger, and became the Prophet of God in 610.9 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam risked his life by sleeping in the Prophet's bed to impersonate him the night that Muhammad fled from Mecca to Medina from enemies who were plotting to assassinate him in 622.5 He married Fâtimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh Banu Hâshim (as), daughter of Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet and Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshiyya, before 623; 1st cousins, 1x removed. From this union descend the Alids.1,4,10 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was the First Imam, The Commander of Believers on 23 May 632 at 28th of Safar 11.2 He succeeded to power and moved his capital to Kûfah in 656 at Iraq.9 Ali's supporters after Uthman's death were known as the shi`at Ali, the party of Ali, or Shi`a for short. The Shi`a revere Ali as the first rightful religious and political leader (imam) after Muhammad. Both Shi`ite and Sunni tradition portray Ali as a courageous and extremely pious man. In 656. 1st Holy Imâm of Islâm between 656 and 661.4 4th Rightly Guided Caliph of Islâm between 17 June 656 and 661.5,4,10 He was a witness where Exilarch Bustanai ben Haninai beni David married King Yazdigird III's daughter Dara in a marriage arranged by the establisher of Islam, Ali, Mohammed’s son-in-law, the first Imam and the establisher of Islam in 657.11,12,13 'A'isha, the widow of the Prophet Muhammed, rebelled against the Caliphs. Her resistance ended with her defeat in this battle. In 658 at the Battle of the Camel, Basra (now Az-Zubayr), southeastern Iraq.14 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam He defeated a rebellion against him when he rejected the request to bring Uthman's murderes to trial. The rebellion included 'A`ishah, Muhammad's widow and the daughter of Abu Bakr, the first caliph. This battle was known as the Battle of the Camel because the fighting had centered around the camel ridden by 'A`ishah. In 658 at the Battle of the Camel, Basra (now Az-Zubayr), southeastern Iraq.5 He was a witness where 'Â'isha umm Mu'minin bint Abu Bakr al-Makkiyya led an army against 'Ali, the successor of 'Uthman, but was defeated in the Battle of the Camel; the engagement derived its name from the fierce fighting that centred around the camel upon which 'A'ishah was mounted, in 658 at the Battle of the Camel, Basra (now Az-Zubayr), southeastern Iraq.15 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was fatally wounded by the poisoned sword of Ibn Muljam while engaged in prayers at the Mosque of Kufa on 24 January 661 at 19th of Ramadhan 40, Kufa, Iraq.2,7 He died on 26 January 661 at 21st of Ramadhan 40, Kufah, Iraq, at age 60 years, 3 months and 30 days. He died two days after the attack.2,16 "It was the fortieth year of Hijra. A fanatical group called Kharijites, consisting of people who had broken away from Ali due to his compromise with Muawiya, claimed that neither Ali, the Caliph, nor Muawiya, the ruler of Syria, nor Amr bin al-Aas, the ruler of Egypt, were worthy of rule. In fact, they went so far as to say that the true caliphate came to an end with 'Umar and that Muslims should live without any ruler over them except God. They vowed to kill all three rulers, and assassins were dispatched in three directions. The assassins who were deputed to kill Muawiya and Amr did not succeed and were captured and executed, but Ibn-e-Muljim, the assassin who was commissioned to kill Ali, accomplished his task. One morning when Ali was absorbed in prayer in a mosque, Ibn-e-Muljim stabbed him with a poisoned sword. On the 20th of Ramadan, 40 A.H., died the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs of Islam. May God Most High be pleased with them and grant to them His eternal reward." 'Alî al-Murtadha ibn Abû Tâlib, 1st Holy Imam of Islam was buried in An Najaf, on the outskirts of Kufa, Iraq. Per his instructions, he was secretly buried in an unmarked grave. "The city of An Najaf was founded by the caliph Harun al-Rashid in the 8th century at the putative site of the tomb of Ali, cousin of Muhammad. The tomb is now a principal shrine of Shiite Muslims, and An Najaf is a starting point for the pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah)."17,7 He is revered by the Shi'ah as the only true successor to the Prophet.16

Family

Fâtimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh Banu Hâshim (as) b. circa 605, d. circa 633
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 432-45.
  2. [S890] Ali Abbas, Shiíite Encyclopedia, Ch 1.b, pg. 41.
  3. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 432-46.
  4. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/
  5. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  6. [S469] Al-Islam.com, online http://www.al-islam.com/, The Prophet's grandchildren.
  7. [S891] Sayyid Murtada al-'Askari
    , The Twelve Successors, (Al-Qalam Translators and Writers Bureau, translator).
  8. [S711] Encyclopedia, MS Encarta 2001, under "Ali (of Arabia).".
  9. [S711] Encyclopedia, MS Encarta 2001, under "Islam.".
  10. [S956] Comparitive Index to Islam, online http://answering-islam.org/Index/index.html, 'UTHMAN IBN 'AFFAN.
  11. [S627] Throne of David, online www.bupc.org/resources/THE%20THRONE%20OF%20DAVID.htm.
  12. [S631] 'Abdu'l-Baha, Some Answered Questions, pg. 57.
  13. [S1269] History of the Jewish People, online http://www.jewishhistory.org.il/top.htm, 642.
  14. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Zubayr, Az- (Iraq) .
  15. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, Camel, Battle of the (Islamic hist.) .
  16. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, 'Ali (Muslim caliph) .
  17. [S889] Atlas, MS Encarta Atlas 2001.
  18. [S256] Messenger of Allah, online http://www.kuwait.net/~akar/html/nabi.html

Ansegisel, domesticus1,2,3

b. circa 610, d. 662
Ansegisel, domesticus|b. c 610\nd. 662|p298.htm#i5328|Arnulf, évêque de Metz|b. c 13 Aug 582\nd. 18 Jul 640|p297.htm#i5330|Dode de Metz|b. c 584|p61.htm#i7664|Bodegeisel I., duc d' Aquitaine|b. c 555|p278.htm#i7665|Chrodoare, abbesse d'Amay|b. c 560\nd. c 634|p297.htm#i7666|Arnoald, évêque de Metz|b. c 560\nd. c 611|p295.htm#i7662|Oda (?)|b. c 564|p79.htm#i10289|
FatherArnulf, évêque de Metz4,5 b. circa 13 August 582, d. 18 July 640
MotherDode de Metz b. circa 584
     Ansegisel, domesticus was son of Bishop Arnulf of Metz.6,7 Vir inlustris.8 Also called Ansigisen.9 He was born circa 610 at Austrasia.10 He was the son of Arnulf, évêque de Metz and Dode de Metz.4,5 Domesticus between 632 and 648.11 Ansegisel, domesticus married St. Begga, abbesse d' Andenne, daughter of Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie and Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles, in November 635.12,5,13,6,7 Ansegisel, domesticus died in 662.10,14

Family

St. Begga, abbesse d' Andenne b. after 614, d. 17 December 693
Children

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 171-45.
  2. [S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., 190-9.
  3. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 151.
  4. [S172] Various Encyclopaedea Britannica.
  5. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 154, genealogy table 5 (b)..
  6. [S1140] Lexikon 2001.
  7. [S1189] COS, online saints.catholic.org, St. Begga.
  8. [S965] Don Stone (e-mail address), Re: Gallo-Roman ancestors of Charlemagne in "Re: Gallo-Roman ancestors," newsgroup message 1998/03/11
    .
  9. [S245] LDS.
  10. [S175] Christian Settipani, AdC.
  11. [S965] Don Stone (e-mail address), Re: Gallo-Roman ancestors of Charlemagne in "Re: Gallo-Roman ancestors," newsgroup message 1998/03/11
    , Ansegisel is sometimes referred to as Mayor of the Palace, but Settipani and Van Kerrebrouck (1993, p. 151) point out that this is not attested by any contemporaneous source and thus can't be relied on..
  12. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 260-45.
  13. [S440] Léon van der Essen, Deux Mille, Gen Table I.
  14. [S965] Don Stone (e-mail address), Re: Gallo-Roman ancestors of Charlemagne in "Re: Gallo-Roman ancestors," newsgroup message 1998/03/11
    , 648-669, perhaps 662.
  15. [S274] INRIA - Domaine de Voluceau - Rocquencourt, 04 NOV 1999.
  16. [S467] GdRdF, online http://jeanjacques.villemag.free.fr/
  17. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 216-44.

Godebert, Langobardenkönig1

b. circa 615, d. 662
Godebert, Langobardenkönig|b. c 615\nd. 662|p298.htm#i9788|Aribert I, Langobardenkönig|b. c 585\nd. 661|p298.htm#i9787||||Gundoald, Herzog von Asti|b. a 556\nd. bt 612 - 613|p295.htm#i9786||||||||||
FatherAribert I, Langobardenkönig2,3 b. circa 585, d. 661
     Godebert, Langobardenkönig was born circa 615. He was the son of Aribert I, Langobardenkönig.2,3 Godebert, Langobardenkönig had the seat of his kingdom at Ticinum.3 He succeeded to the Longobard throne the same year, but below, Perctarit, in 661.4 21st King (at Ticinum) of the Longobards at Italy between 661 and 662.4,5 He died in 662. When, upon the following day, they had come to conference and Grimuald, after salutation, had embraced Godepert he immediately perceived that he was wearing a cuirass under his clothing, and without delay, he unsheathed his sword and deprived him of life, and usurping his kingdom and all his power, he subjugated it to his dominion.2,6 He was the predecessor of Grimoald ex genere Gausus, Rex gentis Langobardorum; 22nd King of the Longobards.4,7,8

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S204] Roderick W. Stuart, RfC, 380-46.
  2. [S682] D.S.O. Lt.-Col. W. H. Turton, Turton, pg. 27.
  3. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter LI.
  4. [S252] Neil Christie, TPoE: Lombards, pg. xxv.
  5. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, 4.LI.
  6. [S1596] Paul the Deacon, PDHL, Book 4, Chapter LI, A.D. 662.
  7. [S862] Various EB CD 2001, "The Lombard kingdom, 584-774".
  8. [S970] MGDR, online http://www.genealogie-mittelalter.de/, Familie der Langobarden-Fürsten.

Childebert "the Adopted" de Landen

b. 645, d. 662
Childebert "the Adopted" de Landen|b. 645\nd. 662|p298.htm#i10252|maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen|b. 610\nd. 656|p298.htm#i10251||||Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie|b. c 575\nd. 21 Feb 639|p297.htm#i5331|Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles|b. bt 592 - 593\nd. 657|p298.htm#i5332|||||||
Fathermaiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen1,2 b. 610, d. 656
     Childebert "the Adopted" de Landen was born in 645.3 He was the son of maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen.1,2 Childebert "the Adopted" de Landen was not a Merovingian, despite the Merovingian name, and not related to the man he succeeded, Sigebert III, except by adoption (arranged by his father, who had the legitimate heir exiled to Ireland) in 656. In fact, during his reign, his father was tortured and executed by the Merovingian King Clovis II in Paris. King of Austrasia at Rheims, Frankish Kingdoms, between 656 and 662.4,3 He was adopted before 657. He died in 662 at age 17 years.1,3

Citations

  1. [S231] Ian Wood, The Merovingian Kings, Prosopography, pg. 350-363.
  2. [S269] C. W. Previté-Orton sCMH I, pg. 154, genealogy table 5 (b)..
  3. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 153.
  4. [S653] PoH, online http://www.friesian.com/

rí Ciannachta Cennfáelad mac Gerthide Ciannachta1

d. 662
rí Ciannachta Cennfáelad mac Gerthide Ciannachta|d. 662|p298.htm#i14539|rí Ciannachta Gerthide mac Crónán Ciannachta||p125.htm#i14538||||rí Ciannachta Crónán m. T. Ciannachta||p125.htm#i14537||||||||||
Fatherrí Ciannachta Gerthide mac Crónán Ciannachta1
     Rí Ciannachta Cennfáelad mac Gerthide Ciannachta was the son of rí Ciannachta Gerthide mac Crónán Ciannachta.1 Rí Ciannachta Cennfáelad mac Gerthide Ciannachta died in 662.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cian mac Ailella, 100.
  2. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cian mac Ailella, 101.

Conaing Cuirre, rí Bregh1

d. 662
Conaing Cuirre, rí Bregh|d. 662|p298.htm#i14584|Congall mac Áeda Sláine, rí Bregh|d. 634|p297.htm#i14583||||Áed S. m. D., rí Bregh, Ard-rí na h'Éireann|d. 604|p295.htm#i14582|Eithne ingen Brénand||p125.htm#i14579|||||||
FatherCongall mac Áeda Sláine, rí Bregh2 d. 634
     Conaing Cuirre, rí Bregh was the son of Congall mac Áeda Sláine, rí Bregh.2 6th King of Brega at the Middle Kingdom, Ireland, before 662.3 Conaing Cuirre, rí Bregh died in 662.1 He died in 662.2 Chronicon Scotorum 662: "The battle of Ogoman at Cenn Corbadan in which fell Conaing son of Congal son of Aed Sláine."2

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, pg. 281.
  2. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS662.
  3. [S1445] Francis J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, App II, table 2.

Brenin Meirionydd Brochfael ap Swalda o Meirionydd1

b. 625, d. 662
Brenin Meirionydd Brochfael ap Swalda o Meirionydd|b. 625\nd. 662|p298.htm#i18273|Brenin Meirionydd Swalda ap Idris o Meirionydd|b. 595|p163.htm#i18272||||Brenin Meirionydd Idris G. a. G. o Meirionydd|b. 560\nd. 632|p297.htm#i18271||||||||||
FatherBrenin Meirionydd Swalda ap Idris o Meirionydd1 b. 595
     Also called King Brochfael ap Swalda of Meirionydd. Brenin Meirionydd Brochfael ap Swalda o Meirionydd was born in 625.1 He was the son of Brenin Meirionydd Swalda ap Idris o Meirionydd.1 King of Meirionydd at Gwynedd, Northwest Wales, before 662.1 Brenin Meirionydd Brochfael ap Swalda o Meirionydd died in 662 at age 37 years.1

Family

Child

abbesse de Nivelles Wulfetrudis de Landen1

b. 638, d. 662
abbesse de Nivelles Wulfetrudis de Landen|b. 638\nd. 662|p298.htm#i21214|maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen|b. 610\nd. 656|p298.htm#i10251||||Pippin I "l' ancien", maiordomus d' Austrasie|b. c 575\nd. 21 Feb 639|p297.htm#i5331|Idoberga, fondatrice Nivelles|b. bt 592 - 593\nd. 657|p298.htm#i5332|||||||
Fathermaiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen1 b. 610, d. 656
     Abbesse de Nivelles Wulfetrudis de Landen was born in 638.1 She was the daughter of maiordomus d' Austrasie Grimoald I de Landen.1 Abbesse de Nivelles Wulfetrudis de Landen was the successor of abbesse de Nivelles Garitrudis de Landen; Abbess of Nivelles.1 Abbess of Nivelles between 659 and 662.1 Abbesse de Nivelles Wulfetrudis de Landen died in 662 at age 24 years.1

Citations

  1. [S176] Christian Settipani & Patrick van Kerrebrouck, Capetiens 481-987, pg. 153.

Gartnait IV mac Donuel, King of Picts1

d. 663
Gartnait IV mac Donuel, King of Picts|d. 663|p298.htm#i18014|Domnall Brecc mac Echach, King of Dál Riata|b. 595\nd. 642|p297.htm#i5765|N. N. ingen Gwid||p160.htm#i18013|Eochaid B. m. Á., regis Pictorum|b. bt 583 - 584\nd. bt 629 - 631|p296.htm#i5766||||Gwid mac Brude|b. c 561|p160.htm#i17984|N. N. ingen Erb||p160.htm#i18012|
FatherDomnall Brecc mac Echach, King of Dál Riata2,3 b. 595, d. 642
MotherN. N. ingen Gwid2
     Gartnait IV mac Donuel, King of Picts was the son of Domnall Brecc mac Echach, King of Dál Riata and N. N. ingen Gwid.2,3 Gartnait IV mac Donuel, King of Picts succeeded his first cousin, Talorcan mac Enfret, to the Pictish throne in 657.1 King of Picts between 657 and 663.1 Chronicon Scotorum 663: "Death of Garnait son of Domnall king of the Cruithin."3 He died in 663.3

Citations

  1. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., [FA21].
  2. [S592] Mike Ashley, Ashley, M., Chart 6. Celts (3) - The Picts.
  3. [S333] W. Hennessy, Chronicon Scotorum, Annal CS663.

Ealhfrith of the Angles1

b. circa 630, d. circa 664
Ealhfrith of the Angles|b. c 630\nd. c 664|p298.htm#i16239|Oswiu, High King of the English|b. 607?\nd. c 671|p299.htm#i12303||||Æthelfrith, King of Bernicia and Deira|b. c 570\nd. 616|p296.htm#i12297||||||||||
FatherOswiu, High King of the English1 b. 607?, d. circa 671
     Ealhfrith of the Angles was born circa 630. He was the son of Oswiu, High King of the English.1 Ealhfrith of the Angles married Cyneburh of Mercia, daughter of Penda, King of Mercia and Cynewise (?).2,3 King of Deira at England before 664.2 Ealhfrith of the Angles died circa 664.1

Family

Cyneburh of Mercia b. 640?

Citations

  1. [S427] Britannia.com, online www.britannia.com, http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/northumb.html
  2. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 284.
  3. [S1075] Translated and edited by Michael Swanton, ASC+, pg. 289.

Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd1,2,3

b. circa 630, d. 664
Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd|b. c 630\nd. 664|p298.htm#i7974|Cadwallon ap Cadfan, Brenin Gwynedd|b. c 610\nd. 634|p297.htm#i7975|Alcfrith of Mercia|b. c 600|p90.htm#i11456|Cadfan a. I., Brenin Gwynedd|b. c 580\nd. c 625|p296.htm#i7976|Tadreg D. v. C. G. of Powys|b. c 594|p90.htm#i11455|Pybba, King of Mercia|b. 570\nd. 606|p295.htm#i13348||||
FatherCadwallon ap Cadfan, Brenin Gwynedd4,2 b. circa 610, d. 634
MotherAlcfrith of Mercia1,2 b. circa 600
     Also called St. Cadwaladr. Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd also went by the name of Cadwallader "the Blessed". He was the successor of Cadwallon ap Cadfan, Brenin Gwynedd; King of Gwynedd.5,6 Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd was born circa 630.1 He was the son of Cadwallon ap Cadfan, Brenin Gwynedd and Alcfrith of Mercia.4,2,1 Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd was struck down with an unspecified illness in 643. During his incapacity the Britons fell to warring amongst themselves. Due to the civil war and due no doubt to the consequent neglect and destruction of the crops, the country was ravaged by a long-remembered famine that was followed by the plague.7 He sought refuge from the civil war in Brittany with King Alain II between 643 and 645.7 King of Gwynedd at Wales between 654 and 664.5,6 He died in 664 at Rome, Italy. (One possible date.) Died while on Pilgrimage.8,2,5 He was the predecessor of Ifwr ap Cadwaladr, Brenin Gwynedd; King of Gwynedd.6 Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd died in 682. This is the more likely date of his death.5,9 Cadwaladr Fendigaid ap Cadwallon, Brenin Gwynedd was buried in the Church of Llangadwaladr, Ynys Mon (Anglesey).

Family

Children

Citations

  1. [S266] EBK, online http://freespace.virgin.net/david.ford2/…
  2. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cunedda Wledig, 82.
  3. [S492] Genealogies from Harleian MS. 3859, manuscript, probably between 954 and 988 unknown repository, 1: "Catgualart map Catgollaun".
  4. [S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg. 12, Chart I, Dynasty of Cunedda (Line of Gwynedd).
  5. [S483] Stewart Baldwin, Llywelyn ap Iorwerth's ancestors in "Baldwin-Llywelyn," listserve message Dec 1998.
  6. [S640] History Files, online http://homepages.tesco.net/~plk33/plk33/history.htm, CELTS OF CYMRU, GWYNEDD.
  7. [S290] Bill Cooper, After the Flood.
  8. [S272] Francis Jones, Jones, F., pg 12..
  9. [S485] Various, Annales Cambriae.
  10. [S278] DfAdam, online unknown url, The Line of Cunedda Wledig, 83.