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The Volturno Ship Disaster - October 1913

Compiled by Jan Daamen

© 2001 by Jan Daamen


Information on the ships


Volturno - Carmania - Großer Kurfürst - Kroonland - Seydlitz - Touraine -

The Volturno

Drawing: Duncan Haws Source: http://www.ellisislandrecords.org/

Built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Company, Glasgow, Scotland, 1906. 3,602 gross tons; 340 (bp) feet long; 43 feet wide. Steam triple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 14 knots. 1,024 passengers (24 first class, 1,000 third class).

Built for New York & Continental Line, British flag, in 1906 and named Volturno. Sold to Northwest Transportation Line, British flag, in 1909. Rotterdam-New York service. Transferred to Uranium Line, British flag, in 1910. Destroyed by fire in the North Atlantic on October 9, 1913.
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The Carmania

Photo: Peabody Salem Museum Source: http://www.ellisislandrecords.org/

Built by John Brown & Company, Clydebank, Scotland, 1905. 19,524 gross tons; 675 (bp) feet long; 72 feet wide. Steam turbine engines, triple screw. Service speed 18 knots. 1,550 passengers (300 first class, 350 second class, 900 third class).

Built for Cunard Line, British flag, in 1905 and named Carmania. Liverpool-New York service. Served as an armed merchant cruiser, then troopship 1914-18. Scrapped in 1932.
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The Großer Kurfürst

Photo: Andreas Hernandez Collection Source: http://www.ellisislandrecords.org/

Built by Schichau Shipyard, Danzig, Germany, 1900. 13,182 gross tons; 581 (bp) feet long; 62 feet wide. Steam triple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 15 knots. 788 passengers (299 first class, 317 second class, 172 third class).

Built for North German Lloyd, German flag, in 1900 and named Grosser Kurfuerst. Bremerhaven-New York and Bremerhaven-Australia service. Laid up at New York 1914-1917. Seized by United States Navy, American flag, in 1917 and renamed USS Aeolus. Transferred to the US Shipping Board in 1919. Chartered by Munson Line, American flag, in 1920. Refitted for New York-Buenos Aires service. Sold to Los Angeles Steamship Company, in 1922 and renamed City of Los Angeles. Los Angeles-Honolulu service. Laid up in 1933. Used by Matson Line, also American flag, in 1933. Laid-up 1933-37; scrapped in Japan in 1937.
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The Kroonland

Photo: Richard Faber Collection Source: http://www.ellisislandrecords.org/

Built by William Cramp & Sons Shipbuilders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1902. 12,760 gross tons; 600 (bp) feet long; 60 feet wide. Steam triple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 17 knots. 1,537 passengers (343 first class, 194 second class, 1,000 third class).

Built for Red Star Line, British flag, in 1902 and named Kroonland. Antwerp-New York service. Under Belgian flag 1908-11. Transferred to American Line, in 1916. 1918-19 US Army transport service. Transferred to Red Star Line, American flag, in 1920. New York-Antwerp service. New York-Hamburg service for American Line in 1923. Sold to Panama Pacific Line, US flag, in 1923. New York-Panama Canal-San Francisco service. New York-Miami service 1925. Laid up in 1926; scrapped in Italy in 1927.
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The Seydlitz

Photo: Andreas Hernandez Collection Source: http://www.ellisislandrecords.org/

Built by F. Schichau, Danzig, Germany, 1903. 7,942 gross tons; 442 (bp) feet long; 55 feet wide. Steam triple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 14.5 knots. 1,900 passengers (100 first class, 100 second class, 1,700 third class).

Built for North German Lloyd, German flag, in 1903 and named Seydlitz. Various services including Bremerhaven-New York service. Interned in Argentina 1914-19. Resumed New York sailings in 1922. Scrapped in Germany in 1933.
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The La Touraine

Photo: Richard Faber Collection Source: http://www.ellisislandrecords.org/

Built by Chantiers de Penhoet, St. Nazaire, France, 1891. 9,047 gross tons; 536 (bp) feet long; 536 feet wide. Steam triple expansion engines, twin screw. Service speed 19 knots. 1,090 passengers (392 first class, 98 second class, 600 third class).

Built for French Line, French flag, in 1891 and named La Touraine. Le Havre-New York service. Used as a floating hotel at Gothenburg, Sweden in 1923. Renamed Maritime in 1923. Scrapped in France in 1923.
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Created: 24 June 2001 ~ Revised: 24 June 2001