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Gallatin County, Illinois


A History of the County


Volume 2




Thanks to the Miner family for making them available on line.


Glen Miner


First Printed 1979

Second Printing with

some corrections

 and additions 1984




(Not in printed book)


Part 1

Introduction and Explanation               page   0

Cemetery Inscriptions                      pages  1 – 36

Markers found since publication of

 Vol. 2 in 1979, not in index              page   36B

SURNAME Index of pages 1 – 36 of this book pages 110 - 113


Part 2

Gallatin Co. Court Proceedings, Shawneetown

 Illinois Territory General Order Book

 1813 – 1818                               pages 37 – 39

A little history from Glen                 pages 40 – 46

Actions taken by Governing body of Gallatin

 from 1813 – 1820                          pages 47 – 61


Part 3

Records from Gallatin Co. Commissioners

 Record Book of 1850’s                     pages 62 – 70

Village of Equality Minute Book 1831–1853  pages 71 – 76

Towns, Postoffices and other places with

 names in Gallatin Co.                     pages 77 – 78

Businesses, Ads, and Newspapers of

 early Gallatin Co.                        pages 79 – 109









page 0





Volume 1, published in 1973 contains a short history of the county as well as inscriptions from its some 90 cemeteries, surviving in the 1950s, along with their approximate locations. The abandoned ones were complete. The more than 6,000 inscriptions are indexed by surname. It also contains the indexed names of the county's that landowners who bought U.S. Govt. land from the U.S. land office located in Shawneetown after 1814, Township of entree also shown.


Volume 2 of Gallatin County, Ill, Cemeteries and a History of the County also by Glen Miner of Ridgway Ill. Contains a map of Gallatin County and some of the adjoining counties, made by Professor Campbell about 1869.


Pages 1 to 36 contain inscriptions from cemeteries not completed in vol. 1. Those supplements are, Palestine #1 & 2 in or near Omaha, New Zion. Hazel Ridge, Adkin or Bethlehem, Barnett or Kedron, Hogan, Oak Grove at Cottonwood, Reid Hill, Callicott or Harrelson, Kanady, McGehee, Jackson near Ridgway, St. Joseph, Old Cottonwood, Perkins, Zion or Brick Church Cemetery, Elmwood and Poplar. The following are in adjoining counties but near the Gallatin County Line. Dutton, Mathews, McPherson (also sometimes called Black or Love) and Russell Cemeteries in Hardin County. Jones and Colbert are in S.E. part of Saline County and Keasler or Newman and Davis or Wolfe are in S.E. corner or Hamilton County. All surnames are also indexed for these cemeteries.


Pages 37‑38 & 39 contain names of jurors, plaintiffs and defendants etc mentioned in county court proceedings 1813 to 1816 when Gallatin contained all or part of 8 neighboring counties of today. The rest of the 108 pages are given to a general history of the county, its towns, crossroad communities and trade centers. These include how and where many of the first roads were laid out, many items from territorial and county records including administration of estates from 1813 to 1820, abbreviated items from the minute book of Village of Equality from 1831 to 1853, county records of the 1850s, many old news paper items and advertisers, New Market and other country store licensees and also several pages of early area pictures. Completed Dec. 18‑1978 and preparing manuscripts for reprint on 3‑21‑1984.


I wish to thank those who have preserved and contributed material and information, which I have used in this book. A few of these are the record keepers in our county courthouse, Jack Blackard of Omaha, George McLain of Equality, our county newspapers of the past and present, those who wrote stories for the Shawneetown and also the recent Equality sesquicentennial, Mrs. Mattie Sanks and her son David, the Fillingim Family, Horace G. Brown former county school superintendent, the descendants of the Smith Family of New Market, descendants of the Crawford Family and Elbert E. Lamb for his 80 page story on this area also my grandparents and many others long deceased have left stories.


Often a parent or a grandparent of long ago who started to school here or began their romance there, added their bit to local history. Mrs. Sanks, now dec'd as is Mr. Blackard and McLain, attended school in old Equality Court house.


I realize I am much better at the collection of history than the writing of it but I also realize that a collection is of no value unless passed on to those who might enjoy it. I have made an effort to eliminate errors but I am sure there are some, which can't be blamed on the dim and yellowed records or the weathered cemetery markers.


Soon after publication of Vol. 1, of Gallatin County, Ill., Cemeteries in 1973 I was told, I had missed one. It was said to be in government forestland about 3 mi. S.W. of Old Shawneetown and within sight of the Ohio. Thanks to Mr. Sidney, Pindell for the copy of inscriptions, which he brought me after accidentally finding this cem. A large marble mkr for Josiah Lambert b 5‑5‑1812 d 12‑12‑1855. A few ft. away Sarah d 4‑12‑1851 at 16, w/o D. Franklin, an M.L. on footstone.


He was unable to read 3 others. In 1850 Rivers Lambert entered 240 acres in Sections 14 & 23 and died in 1852 and Josiah was administrator of estate. There has recently been charges made of illegal digs in adjoining Indian cem.



page 36B


Addendum or Supplement to cemeteries of Gallatin County Ill. Vol.2


Markers found since publication of vol. 2 in 1979, not in index. ­Chas. Akers d 12‑31‑1852; Age 33+, w Barbara Duvall 1840 she d 1856, thin markers. both down, 1 broken. 3/8 mi S. of Boyd, Ind. Mound or 1/8 mi S. of N. line Sec. 9 Shawnee Twp. On top of high hill pasture, of Lawrence Rollman, in May of 1981.

I remember a small grove E. of Dan Willis home W. of Ridgway. Leonard Schmitt told me of 3 mkrs there earlier, with name Randolph. Family lived there 1840s.

Mrs. Frances H. S. Dyhrkopp told me of an old cem. near old log home, at S. end of T road (Duncan Lane) near their home. She was able to copy, one of the 4 mkrs. Strickland, Amanda b 1826‑ d 1879 at 52 yrs.

In Vol. 2 I mentioned D. A. Rowland telling me, of an older Dutton Cem. (p 32) in a large wooded area between the new Dutton and Ill. Rt.#1. He was b 1875. d 70 and had his lot in latter. At the time I dreaded making a search for it having lost some of the excess energy, of the late 1950s, needed to search brush and briars of a large area. I probably would never have made this search, but Mrs. Rose Vickery, Mrs. Francis McCabe and Mrs. Wm. (Betty) Head did and located it on a heavily wooded bluff on a high hill about 1 mi. South of Gallatin Hardin Coun­ty line, on 4‑17‑1979 and sent me the following copy. Thanks


Merritt, Emeline w/o J. P. Merritt b 10‑16‑1848 d 2‑19‑1890

Rushing, Roma T. 10/26/93 d 4/24/1894, Jas. R. 10/8/ d 12/24/1898 ch/o A.J.& L.M.

Hindall, John W. 2‑7‑1863 4‑12‑82, Dora b 3‑13‑1872 d Nov.11‑1877

Daugherty, Arkless b & d 1899 s/o W.C.& M.L., This and several sand stone marker

enclosed, by fence.

Crow, W. J. d 1877 age 60, Katie 10‑23‑1860 8‑21‑1882, Mary 11‑30‑1863 d 7‑30‑65

Sarah A. b 3‑25‑1832 d 10‑24‑1900.

Ledbetter, Elizabeth b 12‑11‑1811 d 10‑17‑1884 m/of Baptist Church w/o J.

         , John b 3‑6‑1806 d 7‑2‑1888?, Wm. A. J. b 7‑31‑1831 d 5‑11-48 s/o John

Leonberger, Margaret A. b Dec. 20‑1874 d Dec. 23 1876 d/o Fred & Sarah B.

Dutton, Lydia M. b 11‑10‑1774 d 9‑18‑1835 m/o A., Elizabeth ?‑d 10‑6‑1873 w/o A.

      , Jas. F. b 5‑12‑1855 d 6‑20‑1860, Mary J. 6‑13‑1836 d 6‑20‑1860 ch/o A&E.

      , Geo. W. b 9‑18‑1842 d ?‑12‑1862 s/of A. & Elizabeth.

Davis , John H. d 17‑21‑1856 at 10 mo. & 2 d, s/o J. B. M. & E. H. Davis

M‑‑‑‑ , John b 9‑15‑185? d Dec.17‑1858? son of B. and S.

Retherford, Rebecca 3‑4‑1815 12‑21‑1855 w/o Archabel, Archable 8‑31‑1814 d 1831

Lambert, Margaret E. d‑3‑15‑1887 age 36y‑2m‑7days w/o Josiah, Mary Lee 1880‑90

Marable, Mary Ann b Sept. 18?? d/o W.E.& M.P., dau M. Faith

Overton, Elizabeth 2‑11‑1855 w/of Washington, Ann R. d 11‑20‑1854 age 5 years.

Price, John 11‑13‑1845 d 11‑14‑1866, Sarah E. 2‑1‑1879 6‑18‑1880 d/o M.D.& S.F.

     , Hardin b 3‑14‑1847 d 3‑27‑1893

Anderson, Lula 1933‑1934 Our dear baby, Unknown d 1893 mkr. overgrown by tree.

Stanley, Erving 1858‑1929, James 1906‑35. The last 3 fenced together with

another grave marked by sandstone and covered with spring flowers. There were

dozens of other graves marked by sandstones in this 3 acre cemetery.

The old RILEY CEMETERY, is in N.E. Section (23?) of Saline Co. about ¼ acre.

Robinson, J. F. mil‑mkr Co.E.3rd Ill. Cav. (Cem. fenced but

badly overgrown Merriman, Richard 1805‑88 w Helen B. 1815‑85. brier and small

brush) Gaines, Mary D. 3‑6‑1809 d 9‑22‑1896, Lorenzo 1839‑22, Linna 1877‑02 d/o

L. & M. D.

These 3 in a row, fine mkrs, one red granite, crumbled brick base, down flat.

Margrave, Annie d 10‑31‑1884, age 20 w/o W.D., John b 1‑21‑1867?

Davis, Linna d 9‑19‑1857 age 43 y 11 m, w/o Wm. R., son Frederick A. 1842‑53

  , John d‑3‑10‑1853 age 69 y 11 m 10 d, w Susannah d 3‑10‑1853 age 65+

1830 Census, Anderson Co. S.C, lived next to our Miner fam. all to Ham. Co. Gregg, Francis 1791‑65, w Sarah 1803‑84, sandstone 5 ft N. of F.G. unreadable.

     , Thos. W. 9‑3‑1842 10‑20‑1865 mkr down, Wm. R. 1821‑59 w Elizabeth 1821‑14

Riley, Ira E. 1790‑48 w Susannah 1796‑64, D.E. d 3‑6‑1890 at 73,w Sarah M.1819‑85

Haley, Meeks or Haley Meeks 1819‑80 w Rosa Ann d 12‑18‑1881 b 2‑27‑1825

Bramlet, W. H. 2‑11‑1836 d 8‑31‑1887, w Martha M. d 3‑18‑1889 at 50y, 1m & 19d

       , Emily C. 8‑26‑1864 d 8‑6‑1865 d/o W. H. & M. D.

Nelson, Seth J. 1861‑26 w Frances A. 1868‑45, Cecil d 1949, a dau 1886‑99 end.

The John Davis & w Susannah farm sold to Elijah Minor family after their death

It was located about 1 mile North of this cem. which is N. of Texas City Sal Co.





Palestine # 1 Cemetery located in the North Part of the Village of Omaha on land donated by Rev. Robert Macklin Davis (1824‑1908) long time Presbyterian minister. The C. P. church which stood on the S.E. corner of this site was organized in 1852 by Rev. Davis, with the assistance of Rev. Benny Bruce and Rev. John Crawford, of Crawford P.O. Ill. Early maps called the area Kinsall for the numerous family of that name. Omaha and Ridgway were not started until about 20 years later when the railroad was completed. The Davis log home was located a few hundred feet South of the church and stood for 130 years before it was razed in 1975.


Beginning with the markers near the old church site. Supplement 1973 comp.

Harrell, Joel M. 1897‑ w Bertha 1890‑68

Davis, Fred M. 1876‑1928, John A. 1828‑ Co A.29 Ill. Inf, w Clariasa 1827-1906­

Eubanks, James F 1870‑35 w Minnie (mo)1879‑01, William. A. 1850‑1905

Sisk, Rebecca Carroll 1858‑1956 w/o W.D. Sisk d. 1921 buried Parma, Mo.

Carroll, Clara 1873‑00 d/o J.A.

Burkett, Fred C. 1880‑60, Nellie Jane 1886‑43

Eubanks, Mary 1840‑27 w/o Acquilla, Joe F. 1889‑51, w Stella 1890‑ Jolene 1910­-

Blair, Robert S. 1858‑1955 w Enola 1857‑14, dau ? 1897‑99

Holderby, Robert S. 1831‑69 Co G 29th Ill. Inf.

Davis, James 1864‑53, w Janie 1865‑46 Cora 1889‑92

Randall, Carrie 1876‑92 d/o J.E. & R.C. Randall

Galloway Charles R. 1850‑17, w Sylvester J. b 1856 Dora M. 1878‑, Mary B. 1885­-

The latter three drowned on Apr. 3, 1898 in Shawneetown flood.

Walters, Asa M. 1859‑14, w Mary 1864‑95, Goldew 1894‑95,

Smith, M. P. 1880‑ w Gertrude 1887‑05

Porter, Mary A. 1836‑02

Geers, John 0. 1860‑37, w Maggie Mc C‑ 1862‑34

Bruce, Robert J. Sgt. 120 Ill. ch Lillie d 1887, 0scar 1867‑49, Laura 1868‑1919

Bruce, Rhea 1906‑16,

Blackard, James W. 1860‑43, Josie 1873‑23 dau Aplie d 1890

Blackard, John L. 1834‑99 Sgt Co H 120 Ill., John H. 1856‑32 w Catherine 1855‑2

Moore, John C. 1834-00 Co H 120 Ill. Inf. w Josephine 1834‑93, 2 ch d 1861 & 1873

Hatchell, Frances 1848‑84 w/o Newton J. 1842‑87, 1st w Cordelia Randolph 1846‑69

Rudolph, Eva 1879‑06 w/o H. L.

Edwards, John S. 1860‑43, w Lula D. 1867‑33, ch Nettie 1890‑06 & Curtis 1888‑95

Williams, George W. 1859‑96, w Alice 1860‑99, Wilbu ?? 1886‑98

Caldwell, Alexander P. 1838‑97, w Amanda C. 1844‑ , John 1864‑91

Birdwell, Margaret M. w/o Rev. James M., Jenette A. 1867‑88 w/o John B.

Farless, Franklin d 2‑11‑1876 aged about 52 yrs

Beasley, Sterling 1885‑07, Eddie 1880‑81 s/o J. & S.J., Eva Beasley Newhard d 04

Kimener, Jennie Beasley 1854‑29

Russell, George G. 1810‑78 Corp. Co H 120 Ill. Inf Regt.

Nix, John L. 1867‑70 s/o J. & H.

Hunter, Robert 1853‑65 s/o W.D. or M.D. and Eliza Ann

Pritchett, Clarinda 1857‑59, Henry E. 1859‑60 ch/o L.C.? and M.

Hill, Lethia June 1896‑13 d/o Taylor and Jennie Hill

Blair, Peter 1828‑00, w Susan 1841‑70, Joe P. 1851‑88

Eubanks, James M. 1840‑12 Orval 1865‑66 s/o J.M & M.P., Nellie 1882‑89 d/o Acq. & M.M.

Campbell, Robert A. Co G 6th Regt. Ill Cav

Kinsall, Benjamin 1824‑02 Co G 120 Ill Inf, Robert S. 1865‑00, Eva 1882‑08

Kinsall, Monroe D. 1860‑30, w Mollie L. 1862‑16, ch Sarilda 1897‑15, Ben D. 1884‑01

Kinsall, Eula 1899‑07, Mary E. 1854‑90 d/o D.M. & G?, Orval 1844‑54 s/o S. & S.S.

Kinsall, David M. 1827‑75 120 Ill Inf, w Cordelia 1829‑18, Sophenia 1860‑75

Kinsall, dau of Moses & Mary, Mahala 1854‑76 d/o D.M. Cordelia, Lucy E. 1870‑98

Kinsall, Harve P. 1865‑21 w Katie 1854‑03, Moses S. 1872‑52 w Jince 1869‑34

Kinsall, J. Poke 1851‑37 w Annie B. 1856‑11, Edward J. 1877‑47 w Lucretia 1885‑52

Kinsall, William M. 1821-92, Charles M. 1876-1960

Davis, Elizabeth 1791‑1856 w/o John, s John H. 1824-54, s Calvin 1818-54

McCabe, Annie 1891‑94 d/o J.A. & R.

Hill, Caswell T. 1849‑16 w Susan P. 1858‑96






Palestine # 1 Cemetery supplement continued


Litsey, Lula 1870-97 w/o W.A. 2ch b&d 1892-97

Faughan, W.F. 1850-76 w Eliza J. Blackard 1852-38 md 2nd J.R. Brown

Price, Eli W. 1816-89 w Margaret 1821-97, Leonard 1857-99

Price, J. K. 1846-30 w Katie 1854-03 : Fred

     , Arminta J 1860-86 Reed 1884- w Eddie M. 1879-58, Ellen 69-42

Pickerell, Bruce 1905-69, Emma H 1906

West, David M. 1858-1920

Walters, Leonard 1878-67 w Lola B (Robinson) 1874-   (living 1976)

Allyn, Otis 1841-98 w Annie 1861-36

Rogers, Joseph P. 1861-15 w Janey 1864-91

Starkey, David 1835-82 & 2ch, Ben R. ?, Ada 1877-00, ? d 1885

Pearce, Verrazane 1855-89 in SW corner

Harper, Sherman 1868-99 w Laura 1869- Oatis Henry 1902-68

Davis, W. P. 1826-1910 w Margaret 1837-01: Mollie 1863-96 wo J.E.

Hendrix, James H. 1867-91 w Rosa Cash 1863-98, Geo. W. 1862-1931

Hendrick, David T. 1871-61 Maude 1872-

Hunt, W.D. Co B 18th Ill. Inf

Quigley, Andrew 1837-1908 w Nancy J, 1845-09

McMurtrey, Bertha 1876-13

Morgan, Elmer E. 1882-57

Moore, Mary Jane d 1885 w/of W. MacMoore

Sarver, Sarah E. 1858-84 w o S

Kiser, Daniel b 1843 Co C 29 Ill Inf. William P. 1836-85 & 4 ch

Thomm, Lillie Sisk 1878-07

Bowers, Singleton 1796-1878, w Pauline 1807-92, John C 1835-78 Co G 29 Inf.

      , Julia 1841-1925

Ferrell, Lora 1850-86, 3 ch of W.E. & Grace b&d 1895-99

Brockett, Frederick 1851-76 son of A. O. & F.

Harrell, James C. 1847-23 w Susan C. 1848-28

       , Finley 1854-31 Emma 1858-89: Ernest 1882-61 Flo 1884-61

Campbell, Wm. 1858-40 Katherine 1866-1963 Malissa 1820-84

Torrant, William E. 1847-58 son of A. B. & M. A.

McGhee, T.C. Co. G 29 Ill. Inf, Cora 1853-83, Wm. 1865-72 & Newton s/o R&S

Armstrong, Wm. S. 1832-15, w Sarah E. 1842-16, Joshua 1873-00

Skelton,  John S. 1845-78 6th Ill Cav. John W. 1877-51 w Nellie 1878-55

      , Drue 1903-65, John W. Jr 1913-39 3 inf b&d 1895-03

Feazel, Flowd 1907- w Pauline 1909-33

Lawrence, Ensley 1850-91 w Ellen T. 1854-31

Groeninger, Fred 1861-21 w Martha 1864-33, ch Fred Jr 1904-23, Ethel 95-96

Edwards, Peter 1831-10 w Frances D. 1831-09, Flood 1828-76 Sarah L. 1847-

Allen, Minnie B. b&d 1900, Barnabus 1902-07 ch of J.M. & I.D.

Duncan, Rev. R. M. 1812-98 w Allapher 1808-7?, Wm. P. 1843-01

Davis, Robert H. 1882-63 w Hazel Jean 1893-57 s Robert M. 1916-

Diel, Manerva J. 1854-88 John L. 1874-87 s/o S.M. & M.

    , Sarah E. 1861-98 dau of H,A. & J.

McCain, Albert 1870-06 Sarah C. 1870-49, Clemma ?1870-49

      , Blaine 1891-97 Johnny 1901-30

Hudgins, Linn E. 1858-87 w of C.M. son Ralph d 1887

McDaniel, Oscar D. 1850-97 w Mary E. 1865-51

Benner, Ira 1889-90 s/o A.F.& E. A.

Mathias, John L. 1842-85 w Lizzie 1855-87

Wallace, Jas. R. 1838-02 w Margaret V. 1856-27

Bryant, Rolla S. 1875-52 (Ridgway's druggist) w Maude (Williams) 1879-54

      , son Joe (M.D.) Capt. U.S. Air Force WW1 & 2, 1897-1973

Blackard, John H. 1856-32 w Catherine H. 1855-29, Sgt John L.1834-99 Co. H 120 Il If

Williams. W. H. 1822-70  2 ch of C. W. & E. A. Draper d 1895 & 1902

Hentgen, Irene 1890-91 d/o N. & D.

Ferrell, W. E. 1849-1930 buried in Fla., Grace wife 1858-1915






Palestine #2 Cemetery, located about 1/2 mi. North of village of Omaha in

Section 22. It is alongside of Route 1 and is about 360 ft. E. to West and

540 ft. from large oak on N. side to fence on South. The hill climbs to

the West of state Route #1 for 210 ft. to the main North-South cemetery

road. I began copying in the East section in the N. W. corner, from the

road down to Rt. 1, then to next row and up. This part completed on Aug.

12-1976, the West slope of smaller part was completed on the 14th.

This cemetery is well cared for. As copied, most are double markers.


Switzer, Ura J. 1890-57 son Gilbert 1910-28

      , Andrew M. 1864-39 w Judy 1869-36

Rodgers, Hez 1884-70 w Mary A. (Price) 1885-

Hedges, Ancel 1881-43 w Eunice 1884-23, Donald Ray 1927-45 USNR

      , Ralph 1905-64 w Bossie (Wilson?) 1907- , Byron 1903-63

Kinsall, Ernest 1897-63 Eva 1910-

Moore, Ralph E. 1886-67 w Margaret E. 1884-

Hancock, Joseph S. 1866-43 w Sallie J. 1878-53, s Jos. E. 1905- w Cora N. 1905-

Skelton, Soloman 1874-56 Clara J. 1877-33, Norvel V. 1900-72 ?

Ready, Chas. T. 1886-62 Rose M. 1893-67

Eaton, Littleton B. 1868-46 Anna M. 1877-

Johnson, Wm. A. 1868-47? Clara E. 1884?-48, Mary A.1888-62

      , Betty 1938-48, Raymond E. 1904-48

Nelson, Shirley Jo 1946-70

Bradford, Charles 1895-65 Judith 1899-

Sanders, Isaac E. 1885-47 w Bertha E. 1889-73

Willis, Allen M. fa. 1911- mo. Norma E. 1923- son Allen D. 1942-62?

Rodgers, Burnette 1915- w Ethel (Burdick) 1916-

Bryant, Chas. E. 1905- md 1936 Earline 1917-

Campbell, Lillian N. 1896-73

Crunk, R. J. 1919-62 WW 2

Awalt, Claud 1903- w Inis 1903- Fae Dorothy, Juanita C.N.

Holland, Hobart 1903-72 Kathleen 1912-

Utley, Robert L. 1893-69 Mary E. 1895-56: Wm. J. 1889-64 Margaret E. 83-48

Wood, Guy A. 1904-75? Neva M. 1902-

Hedger, Sam 1886-62 Frances 1888-

Carroll, Norman 1900-45 Lita? 1905-

Garrett, Chas. 1886-53 Flora 1886-54

Hedger, Jimmie D. our baby 1945-53 Mary Ann 4-22-63 d 5-27-1963

Rodgers, Robert S. 1892-72 w Grace M. 1895-70

Campbell, Allie C. 1902- , Beaulah M. 1904-70 s Wayne Lee 1926-28

      , Walter M. 1869-34 Erlie ? M. 1874-41

McCaleb, Geo. W. ?1851-29 w Sarah A. 1856-27

Smith, Earnest 1886-66 w Margaret (McCaleb) 1889-68

Davis, Louie 1897- w Lizzie E. (Sanders) 1900- 3 infants b&d 1924 to 27

      , James L. 1901-59 Robert G. 1896-5?

Welch, Lawrence Eugene 1895-74 WW 1, E. Alyne (Hedger) 1907-

Williams, Walter H. 1896-60 WW 1

Burdick, Callie C. 1904- Bessie L. 1903-

Kohl, Geo. E. 1887-61 Lela 1906-

Burdick, Wm. S. 1875-60 w Lorina 1879-61 s Wm. E. 1914- w Dorothy 1916-

Pearce, Wm. M. 1862-47? Rachel M. 1867-47 Byron 1900-65 Gertrude 1903-

Grumley, Romelia J. 1888-65 w Bertha 1892-

Young, Rev. Homer 1895-66 w Esther G, 1896-

Blackard, Warren H. 1903-71 WW 2 Marie 1920-

Pearce, Wm. Lee 1895-66 WW 1

Hesterly, Richard L. 1926-68 WW 2

Mills, Earl F. 1913- Helen M. 1913-71

Jann, George 1943-58 Raymond 1948-58

Davis, Ben 1889-53 Nola 1895-

Utley, Harry 1888-59 Fannie 1892-60






Palestine # 2 Cemetery, North of Omaha, Inscriptions continued.


Grant, Louis W. 1880-65, Jennie M. 1906-

Gross, Sherman A. 1894-, w Maggie B. (Dillard) 1890-

Meyer, Harm J. 1880-60, Eva 1891-65

Earhart, Wm. I. 1875-60, Rosetta 1880-49

Hargrave, Harry I. 1870-28, Della A. 1870-61

Robinson, George 1889‑48

Hedger, Mary Elizabeth 1855-34

Blackard, Frank 1898-62, John C. 1872-29, w Effie J. 1873‑59

Durham, Guy 1882‑11, w Elsie 1888-09, Asahel 1853‑12        on road

Benner, Thompson 1883‑64, w Flora 1885-58

Walls, Manford b in May d Sept. 1906, inf. b&d Dec. 18-1908 ch/o Wm.& M.J.

Brockschmidt, Herman 1903- w Ruby (Thomas) 1905- our dau Carol J. Lane 1929-76

Allen, Robert E. 1895-56, Beatrice 1894-18, Georgia 1909‑54

Flota, Ernie 1894‑, Myrtle 1891‑67

Watson, Savilla mother 1879-62, son Bill 1903-44

Holleman, Homer 1875‑58, Flora 1886‑71, Beecher 1900-48 WW2

Kinsall, Grace M. 1890-75

Coulter, Walter 1883‑70, Naoma R. 1888-

Maxfield, Charles 1899‑45, Thelma M. 1900‑

Blackard, Loomis 1869-48 Ella A. 1871-, Barnie 1894‑5?  WW1 & WW2

Durbin, William R. 1909- m 1930, Nina Cummings 1913-, mo Nora Woodring 1889-1969

Hedger, Avery 1890‑62, Lottie 1901‑71

Miner, Harry L. 1899‑74, w Margaret J. (Crayne) 1905-

Stanley, Albert 1901-70, Edith 1895-

Pritchett, 1881‑49

Hill, Cletus 1891‑51, Callie 1895-74

Utley, John S. 1901‑75, Hazel M. 1897‑

Minton, Daniel W., Sgt. 1921‑44 Killed in action Mt Castellone Italy

Black, Charles 1890-49, w Eva Lena 1890‑63

Draper, Charles W. 1858‑46

Skelton, William E. 1848-32, w Susan A. 1853-35, William Dallas 1893‑48

Caldwell, Daniel 1867‑37, Lovina 1877‑54, Harry T. 1896‑49 WW1, Joe 1900‑67

Eubanks, Joseph 1888‑62, L. Isabelle 1890

Galt, Susan 1846-30

Hedger, Silas C. 1877‑36, Sarah Eliza 1878‑57, s James Hy 1910-13

      , Jennie 1864‑45

Gregg, John I 1833‑07, Dicy E. 1839‑16, James G. 1865‑54 SA War, Cath 1873-1936

McDaniel, Herbert 1877‑58, Sarah 1877‑59

Smith, Noel W., 1896‑32 Blanch R. 1897-­

Motsinger, Freeman 1889‑, Essie P. 1891‑74

Ingraham, Laura Porter mother 1864‑43

Davis, Tabitha 1830‑1908

Aaron, B. F. 1858‑30, w Mary E. 1862‑05, dau 1902‑03

Edwards, James 1870‑09 w Hannah 1870‑30

Irons, John 1867‑28, w Dora 1880‑68

Herpel, J. L. 1843‑1919, w Louise 1851‑09, dau Katie 1890‑06

Smith, Alvie 1889‑62? w Maggie 1890‑62, Walter 1891-71, Gertrude 1892‑72

Eubanks, Sarah P. mo 1856‑26 dau Carrie F. 1887‑05

Bryant, Jennie 1878‑57 next to Wm. H. 1835‑13, Thomas 1872‑42

White, Samuel Lee 1900‑24

Bellah, Thomas F. Sp. Am. War wagoner

Edwards, Herdis 1902‑, w Ethel (Sarver) 1902‑68

Sarver, Lelia 1894‑35

Carter, Hiram C. 1876‑63, Virginia 1874‑55

Abel, Shirley Jean 1931‑32

Kinsall, Hiram C. 1854‑, Georgia A. 1861‑31

Harper, Lellis 1890‑73 md Jessie (Carroll) in 1909 1891­-

Armstrong, Charles 1884‑60, Anna 1879‑45






Inscriptions from Markers in Palestine # 2 Cemetery, ¼ mi S of Gallatin - White County Line, Continued.


Boutwell, Alvin 1891‑49, Lillie 1894­-

Edwards, William Lloyd 1929‑, w Irma (Sanders) 1930-­

Ramsey, Walter 1875‑60, Pearl (Fox) 1880‑49 in S.E. corner of Cem.

Henson, Walter 1889‑, Marie 1899‑41

Pritchett, Horace 1880‑76, w Jessie 1892‑, Carl 1910‑61, w Wilma 1913‑41

Sarver, George 1879‑14, w Emma 1878‑56, Wesley 1898?‑17

Gott, Leonard 1893‑44 f. home mkr almost covered, Floyd 1886‑60 metal plate

Bellah, Felix 1896‑08

Allen, R. Dean b Sept d Dec. 1942, Gary 1941

Allen, Freeman D. 1895‑61 f, Gladys M. 1893‑ dau Ruby Fay 1926-­

Campbell, Vesta L. 1889‑57, Emma E. 1922‑26? , funeral home metal stob illegal

West, Louis F. 1874‑47, Allie J. 1875‑45 s Ralph 1904‑1919 Glen b&d 1908

Meyers, John 1859‑25, Matilda 1867‑44, Richard b&d 1908, William P. 1900‑55

        Charles 1902‑62 upright concrete w/ metal plate mark most of Meyers

Eubanks, R. Lee 1898‑74 Inez G. 1892‑62 center mkr. Eubanks

Steele, Ralph Steele 1901‑72 ? Lela Gregg 1893‑68 center mkr. Eubanks

Krieger, Carrie 1892‑11

Lewis, Robert E. 1887‑Aug 1976 Chloe 1888‑67

Alvey, Daphne 1908‑34 w/o Birdie T. Alvey

Allyn, Charles 1887‑63 w Edith 1887‑29 s Harold 1905‑07

Irions, Isaac C. 1844‑22 w Lucy A. 1848‑35 Betty Lou infant 1933

Eubanks, George 1875‑31, Walter 1871‑31, Virgil 1866‑49, Ethel 1886‑66 Eubanks ctr

Price, James V. 1867‑18, Fay 1891‑ these near center on E. side of road

Price & Wallace center Constance 1896‑69, Pearl 1893‑, James E. 1893‑53?

Shook, Roy 1904‑73, Reba 1905‑, Jennie 1868‑50, Edna Ruth 1909‑15

Pritchett, Sarah Randolph 1889‑68 Frank 1922‑75 WW 2

Endicott, J. F. 1883‑46 w Tena s William Alfred 1908‑1909

          James 1883‑?36 Lillian b&d 1911 d/o James & Sarah

Carroll ctr, Sherman D. 1866‑46 Emma 1878‑41 Willis 1895‑17

Moye, Timothy 1912‑54 w Mildred (Burdick) ?

Gregg, James 1864‑34

West, G. Elmus 1886‑63 w Teresa (Hemphill) 1882‑67

West, Elias A. 1852‑29 w Henrietta E. 1865‑25 Dwight E. 1903‑13

Benner, Felix 1856‑37 (father) Ida M. (mother) 1869‑35

Russell, Charles A. 1876‑66

Pearce, James F. 1868‑53

Price, Lewis M. 1855‑29 Sallie 1860‑38

Anderson, Thomas W. 1898‑43 w Della 1895-­

Kinsall, Jesse E. 1899‑70 w Della 1911‑52

Williams, John 1872‑30 Sp. Am. War, Flora 1877‑61

Rister, Fred 1892‑52 fa, Grace 1894‑51 mo, Hayward 1925‑25 Laura b&d 1923

Rister, Letha 1915‑1916

Rainey, Archibald 1860‑36 Lucinda 1869‑23


   This completes all markers on East side of center road not in Book 1.

In a few cases I have added the maiden name of the wife in order to aid in the

recognition of families.

   Begin North‑East corner of West side of Palestine # 2. Rows about 40 ft

with pathway between rows.


Blackard, Eliza C. 1843‑1910

Benner, Ada May 1869‑35

Rister, Alvin 1902‑72, Mary 1904‑34, Mable 1914­-

Mathes, William 1864‑35, Emma M. 1878‑56 ?

Allen, James M. 1869‑47, Loudicea 1876‑41, Verla Sue 1938‑39

Allen, Otto 1911‑45, Lillian K. 1910­-







Palestine # Two Cemetery, located about midway between Village of Omaha and the North Line of Gallatin County and on West Side of Route 1. Inscriptions from West 2/5 or West of road continued. Many large markers.


Monroe, Reed 1909‑60 Staff Sgt WW 2, Homer 1909‑60? f Fred Sr. adj.?

Leeds, Fred 1882‑65 Lena 1892­-

Butts, James W. 1884‑53 Emma 1898‑45

Wood, Carna 1897‑71 Nellie 1905‑75 Wallace E. 1934‑35

Williams, Hiram 1869‑47 Cassie 1872‑32 Ray 1912‑55?

Starkey, Loomis 1879-51 Fannie 1881‑66

Blackard, Nellie B. 1888‑1919

Krieger, Anna E. 1867‑43                ;

Jones, J. Sherman 1864‑41 w Effie? 1873‑45 Lennis 1897‑25

Holland, Herschul S. 1901‑ Myrtle A. 1903‑38

Holland, S. Alfred 1876‑65 w Carrie B. 1878‑55, dau Atha May 1917‑1919

Edwards, Emily C. 1846‑25 William F. 1872‑53 Anna 1875‑43 Myrtle B. 1897‑59

Blue, Thurman 1913‑75 Myrtle Blue Schneider 1897-59   (2 mkrs)

Whipple, Clarence W. 1883‑43 w Bessie (Edwards) 1886‑73 dau Letha 1904‑75

Whipple, Debra Lynn 1951‑57 d/o Clarence Jr. & Lois

McCaleb, Charles 1884‑56 w Lillie 1889‑66

Dixon, Theodore C. 1900‑ w Bernadean (Campbell) 1906‑7? extreme West side

Harper, Luther S. 11‑22‑1910 ‑ Hazel 9‑2‑1912 ‑

Blackard, Reece Lockwood 1897‑ w Mary Gregg 1897‑ Gregg & Blackard center piece

Gregg, Leroy Earl 1900‑66 Flora Johnson 1900‑

Ripperden, Reba 1909‑45

Lewis, Thompson 1861‑43 w Julia 1864‑42

Wilson, Albert B. 1892‑49 father, Martha 1894‑ mo, David C. 1914‑69

Buckool?, Pvt Henry 1894‑21  At Rest only marker in 40 ft. row

Allen, Simeon 1856‑1918 Margaret 1861‑35 Henry 1901‑1919

Hedger, Pvt Pleasant W. 147 Inf 47th Div. 3‑13‑1945, Essie 1892‑62

Stierwalt center mkr, f Paris A., mo Annie, Gladys, Wallace, Ruth, ?

Blackard, Felix G. fa 1830‑1911, mo Harriet 1843‑1919

Blackard, Herman M. 1866‑11 w Emma Oliver 1872‑57; next DeWitt mkr see bk 1

Parks, Or?ie M. 1884‑63 Myrtle 1888‑73

Robb, Walter T. 1896‑28 MG Co Reg 328?, w Nellie 1892‑ DuFresne  see bk 1

West, Orval 1880‑1918 Grace 1883‑62

Whipple, Rufus 1906‑65 w Doris 1909-­

Switzer, John W. 1871‑38 Merta M. 1879‑44

Luke, Harry 1875‑51 (on same mkr) Ethel Quigley 1882-­

Harvey, Charles 1874‑ Millie 1874‑47

Brockschmidt, George Jr. 2‑2‑1926  9‑26‑51 WW 2

Cox, Orvil 1905‑73 Opal 1909-­

Williams, H. C. 7‑2‑1909  Ida C. 1907‑69

Blackard, W. Vernett 1902‑75 Dorothy A. 1905-­

Wilhite, Walter E. 1904‑68 Gladys M. 1899‑74

Blackard, William L. fa. 1880‑49  Stella M. mo. 1880‑52

Nadler, Beth Ann 4‑18‑1951

Downen, Tom 1895‑40 Lucy 1897‑59

Lamb, Martha A. 1850‑42 mo , William O. Slocumb son 1883‑37

Slocumb, Charles G. 1878‑55  Cora 1882‑56

Bruce, Marshall L. 1858‑29  Gencie M. 1862‑28

Gregg, William E. 1857‑31  Emma E. 1861‑35

Gregg, Robert E. 1891‑53 WW 1, Margaret A. 1901‑  Robert L. 1927‑74

Wilson, John H. 1865‑16 Nora 1871‑09

Humphrey, George D. 1861?‑ 45  Emma G. 1867‑51  enclosed by concrete footing

Galts, Carrie McMurtrey 1870‑26

Wallace, ctr Albert H. 1891‑56

Benner, Theodore C. 1880‑70  Nancy E. 1883‑61, Lila Gale Nelson 1904‑27

Benner, Harry Fred 1905‑26?, Roma Dee 1917‑21

Oldham, Charles 1920‑25

Greene, Charles E. 1924‑52 WW 2 Navy





Supplement of Palestine # 2, located ½ mi North of Omaha, continued.

West side.


Chapman, Clarden L. 1891‑69 WW1 w Pauline B. 1906‑40

Harris, A. L. 1860‑14 w Mollie 1870­

Gregg, Mollie 1865‑34

Denham, P. L. 1889‑54 Flora 1888‑66 3 concrete Fam Home mkrs almost covered

Flatt, Estel E. 1918‑75

Wicker, Charles A. 1879‑66 Edna C. 1882‑55 Charles H. 1903‑63, Rolla J.1887‑54

Nation, Elsie M. 1899‑63

Eubanks, Allie M. 1882‑59 Fannie 1887­

Henderson, Robert A. 1902‑66

Sadler, Samuel S. 1893‑70? Lavena 1920­

Garrett, Addie H. 1931‑70? f.h.s. James A. 1896‑73

Beam, Bob 1910‑71 Florabelle 1913‑ verse on back of large mkr

Pilot, Henry 1883‑62 w Ellen (Cox, Edwards) 1883‑72

Edwards, James T. b 7‑4‑1906 w Mary J. L. 1911‑60

Lamb, Bettie b 5‑30‑1883 Kathryn b 10‑2‑1915

Graves, Lucille 6‑9‑1911 - 11‑25‑1974

Whipple, Alberta? 1917‑60

Stallings, Ralph L. 1909‑74 w Jemima A. 1910­

Tarrant, Henry S. 1884‑55 Myrtle 1884‑  Carl 1911‑12  Yelta b May d Dec 1909

Willis, Delora Irene b&d 1931

Greene, Charles C. 1879‑65 w Ella M. 1879‑47 Gladys 1904‑37

Blackard, Lawrence 1887‑71 Gladys 1905­

Armstrong, Donald 1871‑39?  William Thomas 1873‑57 Bessie 1880?-06 Addie 1875‑57

Armstrong, William fa 1869‑37 mo Myrtle 1879‑39 son George R. 1902‑20

Armstrong, Elias A. (9th Ill. Inf Sp. Am. War)

Hedger, Grace 1875‑41 w/o Samuel, Guy W. 1895‑20 w Lizzie 1896‑60

ctr. p., Raymond 1898‑20, Ray L. 1896‑ Blanch Taylor 1901‑59

Cox, Alvin 1909‑48 Louise 1912‑ Spencer 1874‑54  Emma A. 1890‑28

Bruce, Otis 1874‑67 Amy 1877‑58?

Barger, E.S. (M.D.) 1862‑44 w Zella 1868‑59

Boswell, James 1874‑54 Leona ?E. 1876-41 Lee H. 1902‑75 w Wilma 1919­

Bellah, Russell 1893‑74 fa, dau Margaret 1917‑76

Gott, John T. 1949‑69 begin South 60ft of West side

Hudgens, John M. 1908‑74 Virginia 1920­

Bryant, Odes S, 1868‑54 Lucy J. 1885­

Couser, Lewis E. 1935‑57

Endicott, Pauline b&d 1944 same row abt 30 ft on Jewel Gladys 1920‑43

Young, George Pvt WW 1 Elsie 1893‑45

Rainey, Robert A. 1889‑68 Mary Bell 1894‑60

Brown, Tom  brother 1872‑60 Nellie  sister 1888‑70

Minor, Henry 1890‑69 w Lucinda 1891‑ on ctr base James ‑ Bonny & Linda K.

Price, Edwin T. 1874‑43 Annie L. 1868‑55

Eubanks, Rola 1879‑40  Amy 1882‑43

Starkey, Cyril 1896‑40 adj

Gregg, Clara 1874‑57

Shain, Herman 1893‑70 Lillie 1898­

Derrington, Lawrence 1869‑27 w Ettie R. 1869‑24 s Lemuel 1894‑1918 son

Derrington, Hallas 1907‑08

Bruce, Guy 1894‑62 Clara 1894­

Fulton, William L. 1886‑60 w Martha L. 1893‑  this completes all that I found


From one who lived nearby, I received information on 2 more Omaha Twp. cemeteries. One was the Kiser family cemetery on the road West out of Omaha. It was on ridge on South side of NW¼ of NE¼ of Sec. 28 on the present Bradford farm. He remembered the Kiser name on most of the 5 or 6 markers. The other on the poor farm (closed in 1930s) was about ¾ mi. West on same road. There were 20 or 25 burials there, he remembered William Blair of Sh‑town, Rachel Kendrick of Eagle Creek and 2 of her sisters. No trace of either.





This supplement completes Crawford Campground Cemetery located in the NW corner of the SW ¼ of NE ¼ of Sec. 25 of North Fork Twp about ¼ mi NW of Ridgway. Copied 10‑12‑1973. This tract consisting of 10 acres, 80 rods E. to W. and 20 rods North to South, was given the New Pleasant Congregation of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church by Rev. John C. Crawford and his wife Nancy, on 9‑18‑1840. Record bk K, page 624


Crawford, Mary 1835‑76 wife/of John A. 1834‑1920

Trousdale, Nazareth 1825‑71 w/o J. W.

Trousdale, Laura b&d 1863 dau of J. W. & Elizabeth Fowler,

Trousdale, Mahala 1856‑62 d/o J. W. & Hester Evans

Trousdale, J. W. 1817‑89 w Elizabeth 1825‑74, Charles 1882‑87 s/o L. B. & Mary

Trousdale, Atwell 1880‑37, Will 1886‑40, Beulah 1890‑64, John R. ch/o L. B. & Mary

Trousdale, Walter Maclin in mem of (s/o John) d 1815? illegible sandstone

Block, Anna (Glass) 1878‑1908 w/o Len, J. T. 1920‑21, 01a b&d 1913

Glass, Walter b&d 1909 latter 3 ch, of George (Ginger)& Rosa Glass

Rollman, John A. Logan 1862‑68, Martha E. Logan 1862‑67  twins of John & E.

Smith, Lydia J. 1855‑06, Anne E. 1861‑09 1st & 2nd wives of William J. (Buck)

Miner, Orpha Jane b 12‑29‑1875 d 3‑11‑1877 d/o Daniel & Rhoda

Glass, F. S. 1822‑1901 on same mkr M. L. Glass b 1852­

Rogers, Marcus Perry 1842‑12 w Anne E. 1836‑02

Wade, James R. 1834‑15 f/o Jim

Bruce, Kate 1841‑1926 2nd w/o Alexander E, Rachael d 9-24‑1830, 11mo 17da dau of Benj­.

Bean, Rufus (Doc) d 1940 Sp‑Am War, w Mollie 1872‑41

Barnett, William Thomas 1854‑1923 w Sarah Elizabeth Holderby 10‑28‑1857‑1944

Holderby, family monument names only, Nathaniel Porter 1829‑73 father

Holderby, Mary Lucinda Davis 3‑7‑1837 d 12‑29‑1906 mother, ch Emma 1868‑74

Holderby, Mary Jane 1859‑62, William Dempsey infant, Sarah E. 1857‑1944, Jane

Holderby, William P., Winifred L., John M., Enola S., Martha E.,

Holderby, Lillian H. 1871‑1944 , Nathaniel Jr.

Barnum, Clifton W. 1885‑61 w Agnes (Smith) 1885‑61, Clyde 1881‑99 s/o W

Brown, William A. 1872‑37, William Lon 1892‑61 WW 1

Bean, Walter B. 1870‑1962 w Martha 1870‑56, Zela Mae 1895‑1970

Crawford, Louis P. 1899‑67 w Mary (Wood) 1911‑72, sis Mildred 1909‑12

Kanady, Margaret 1864‑36 dau Alice Dale 1888‑68

Kanady, Samuel E. 1854‑1919 w Nancy Jane (Bruce) 1859‑34, Lena 1884‑94

Davis, William D. 1849‑51 s/o John N. & E. J.

Dickey, William 1818‑91 w Elenor b 1816­

Goforth, Raymond (Pop) 1883‑35 w Effie (Mom) 1888‑46

Drone, Thomas Ralph 1891‑71 w Jessie (Kimbro) 1888‑71

Hemphill, Madeline (Willis‑Drone) 1847‑26

Hanna, Susan F or J 1854‑82, Effie b&d 1881 d/o F. Y., & Susan

Hanna, Agnes C, 1859‑04 d/o J. E. Y. & Mary, John M. 1824‑48 s/o I. N. & E.

Gahm, Frank 1874‑32 w Cora (Lamb) 4‑22‑1874 12‑18‑1909

Hatfield, William T. 1871‑45 w Susan (Bean) 1877‑1970

Johnson, Belle (Rollman‑Connor) 1864‑21 w/o Rowan, Ester 1922‑60

Jones, Delmer 1913‑69 WW 2

Jackson, Will 1894‑73 w Martha (Downwn) 1897‑60

James, Henry (Dutch) 1887‑73 Henry Jr 1938‑60

Kimbro, George Sterling 1883‑94 s/o Garland & Helen

Kimbro, Charles E. 1882‑52 erected by wife Sadie: Jackie 1933‑50

Lamb, Scipio A. 1871‑08 w Mattie 1871‑24, Sarah A. 1862‑78 d/o N. J. & Catherine

Logan, Martha Jane d 1853 w/o James

McDaniel, Joe W. 1870-56 w Mollie (Donaldson) 1874-65 son Harry 1892-52

Bean, George L. 1878‑ md 1921 Velma b 1901‑  Mattie 1870‑56 w/o Walter

Bean, Henry M. (Judge) 1850‑16 w Jemima (Kimbro) 1851‑15, s Edgar 1882‑1900

Chapman, Thomas Pierson 1884‑67 w Stella (Bean) 1889‑52

Davis, C. A. 1852‑86

Reid, George 1892‑93 Marie b&d 1893 ch of Dent & Laura Reid

Reisinger, Charles 1885‑69 w Cora 1885‑69







Crawford Campground Cemetery supplement cont. Copied 1973

Bruce, Robert A. father 1861‑1915 s/o B. F. and Sarah E.(Garret) Bruce

Buell, Lucy 1853‑39 w/o Joe, Mary E. (Lewis) Morris 1885‑57 d/o Lucy

Rollman, Ben 1888‑1917

Rose, Mary 1889‑1911, Alfred 1877‑07

Woolsey, Anna d 10‑29‑1894 age 16y 2mo w/o J. D.

Hise, Aunt Sally 1840‑1933

Dodge, Tapley T. (new CW mkr) 2‑10‑1839 3‑13‑22 w Ellen 1859‑38

Durham, Elmer (Lefty) 1891‑69 w Agnes (Bruce) 1893‑72 son

Durham, Harold (Jodie) 1919‑71 w Aline 1920

Schmitt, Lawrence B. 1917‑69 w Kathryn L.(Durham) 1924‑70

Hemphill, Samuel 1846‑1886 6th Ill. Cav. w Martha Boaz d 1928

Lewis, Joseph P. 1819‑71

Rollman, Henry 1809‑63 w Catherine (Hardin) 1807‑83

Hemphill, William Posey 1855‑1919 w Ellen 1853‑31

Burch, Alice 1862‑99 d/o George & Emma

Flahardy, Garland 1911‑29

Glass, Robert? 1779‑1845? probably should be James

More Crawford Cem. not taken from markers.


The following cem. list, taken from County or Newspaper records, etc some of whom at one time had markers say descendants.

Nalley, Thomas Sidney b Ky 1826 d 1880, Mary Melvina Davis 1841‑81

Bruce, Mrs. Sidney 1853‑81 w/o Robert 1856‑38, Geo. Edwards 1841‑81

Mrs. Pernecia A. Hargett 1852‑81 John Jamerson 1851‑82, Ezekiel Sauls 1834‑09

Ann Milton Owen 1799‑1882, Bealus Boaz 1823‑04 w Ann(Owens)1824‑04 Nancy E. Bean 1829‑06 m/o Rufus, Aunt Louisa (Crawford) Glass 1830‑1910

Warren W. Swager 1857‑99 (the shoe & boot maker), Finis Bozarth 1838‑1910 the coffin maker, Aunt Mary Crawford 1834‑13, Oliver Abbott 1877‑1907 Jane Edwards 1849‑09 w/o John, Charles G. Waynick 1852‑09 s/in law of Aunt Ellen Crawford, William A. Combs vet 1835‑09, Mary A. Lewis 1836‑02 George M. Burch 1833‑14, Cassandra Endicott 1837‑07, Claud McQuay 1904‑12 s/o William

Mary (Kanady) Crawford 1833‑1913 w/o Robert T. b 1830‑? Elizabeth Rose 1822-1902, George Jourdan 1846‑1878, California 1847, w/o Ezekiel Sauls, Lucinda Bean Mc­Cool 1835‑1921, Tabitha Griswold b Tn. 1815 d. 1884, Annie Rager age 66,


New Zion Baptist Church Cemetery, is located in W. central part of SW ¼ of SE ¼  of Sect. 15 T8 R9 and with church grounds consists of over 2 acres deeded by Robert F. and Jane Moye family.­

Harlis and wife Ella Fillingim lived, on the West side of the SW ¼ of NW ¼ of Section 22, on the site of an old inn purchased by his grand‑parents Ajax 1811‑97 and w Louisa Moye Fillingim in 1855. This inn was located on a very old road running cross‑country, from the salt springs near Equality, to the North‑East to the ford on the Little Wabash River at New Haven. Within a year or two other members of her family owned farms and lived along this road on adjoining farms. Across the draw, to the N.E. was the log home of her brother Joseph J. and wife Elizabeth Downen Moye, it was they who donated the acre for the Fillingim School in 1859. Next was the larger 1 & ½ story log house occupied by her parents John 1783‑1875 and Alice (Brown) Moye 1786‑1871. It was located on the ridge near the N.W. corner of NE¼ of NW¼ of Sec. 22. The church was started about 3/8 mi. up the road as a brush arbor camp meeting about 1857 on land owned by Robert and Jane who lived ¼ mi beyond. These annual meetings resulted in a church being built and organized in 1864, records from the Fairfield Association show. This building was of hewed logs. Mrs. Abigail Foster Bell b. 1875 told me in 1975 that she attended this church as a girl. It was located on the S. or E. side of the old road, the cut or path it followed can yet be seen as it entered near the Grubbs family markers and cut off the North‑West corner of present cem.










The New Zion Church that I remember stood on the North side of the old cross country wagon road which led to the salt works. At the time of its building the road N. and E. of the church was changed to its present location and in the late 1920s that part South and West was relocated on the section line. This building, built in the late 1880s stood until about 1940 when it was sold to Mat Mills who used it in building a home which is located 3½ mi East of Ridgway. The church, about 26' by 38' and of frame construction, had two entrance doors on the West, long pews in the center and a chimney and 4 windows on each side. Five generations of my family including brother sisters and cousins have worshiped in one of these buildings and three generations lie buried in the sand hill back of them. At revivals and funerals, all three rows of seats were often filled. Rev. Alfred Perkins then of Brazil Ind. but who grew up near New Zion Church and Fillingim School, returned in early 1935, hoping to get the church started again. It had been closed for 6 or 8 years. He was a cousin of my father William Leo Miner and both were born in 1883. I visited him and his family in Evansville, Ind. in 1923, when I found my first public Job so he visited my wife Helen and I at the beginning of his services. After a bit of vocal advertising the revival effort began, the attendance was fair but too many of the earlier faithful had moved away or had been laid to rest in the adjoining cemetery to fulfill his expectations. Much of the land had new owners too but he did enjoy meeting and visiting many old friends and relatives, during the two weeks of services.


From my earliest memory, our family attended New Zion, at first in the buggy and then when more room was needed Dad bought a surrey and finally in the early 1920s we could afford a Model T Ford. Services were held on Saturday night, Sunday morn and night plus mid‑week prayer service. Most of these we attended. This fellowship continued on Sunday, when many went home with someone else for the noon meal, often 3 or 4 families gathered at one home. Usually there were advance preparations at our home with bread, cakes and pies when company was to be invited but chickens for dumplings or frying had to be caught and prepared. Birthday dinners were usually potluck. The coming of radio, cars and better roads, improved communications but seemed to change the way of life in the country. Attendance at many rural churches including New Zion declined. I have seven pictures of groups, ranging in size from 34 to 135, attending birthday dinners for elderly residents. The first of these was for Veteran Robert Cash of near Junction in 1895, another for vet. V. W. Smith, a mile East of Ridgway. Many of their comrade. of the War between the States attended. The largest group, a surprise for Peter Smith, also our neighbor and in 1907, was attended by over 200 including the Cottonwood band. The 80th birthday of Rev. R. M. Davis in Omaha had 116 in the picture, this was in 1904. The last was in 1912 in honor of William (Bige) Quick of Ridgway. Entire families of neighbors, friends and relatives attended and helped make these celebrations long remembered. The relatives getting these so called basket dinners up also usually arranged for some type of entertainment. Often the young people of the church sang hymns or popular songs. At some, organ or string music was furnished but visiting was the main attraction of these get‑togethers which seemed to fade out at about the same time as many country churches.

     I remember when the sons and grandsons of the church founders would donate one or two days each year to clean the bushes and briers from the grounds. Only one of this group, Lane Foster 88 b. 1888, is living but he still mows his family row when able. For many years Harlis Fillingim with a bit of help from his sons and grandsons has donated his time and equipment in maintaining the cemetery and church grounds. During the past few years Gene Downen and I have helped on some of the mowing, among the

thick stones with small mowers but H. F. mows the acre of open land and much of the rest. New Zion had never solicited maintenance funds before the fall of 1978. Most of those contacted were generous and we hope interest received from these funds will do the Job when we are unable to.












Asbury M. E. Church, in the N.W. corner of Sec. 1, discontinued services in May of 1976, after more than a century. Old Cottonwood Primitive Baptist Church was located on the south side of SE ¼ of NE ¼  of Sec. 3, both in T8 R9. Services for this dwindling congregation were discontinued four or five years ago after their long time minister, the historian T. Leo Dodd of Eldorado, became unable to continue. The building was razed about two years ago. Bethlehem or Adkin M.E. church on the North side of Section 32 of Omaha Twp. is occasionally used for a funeral. Ringold Presbyterian Church on the South side of S.E. ¼ of N.W. ¼ of Sec. 4 T10 R9 began in 1886 with Thomas J. Spivey, as one of the founders. Its last service was in 1962 and in 1972 its ½ acre site and the building was given to Hogan Cemetery maintenance fund. Many other rural churches have, like New Zion given up after serving as community anchors for years and years. The earliest churches often also housed schools and vice‑versa. The rural schools were also important in holding communities together and were often built very near churches. World War II brought on an acceleration of the trek, from the rural areas to the cities, started by World War # 1. My old school, New Market or district 22’s enrollment dropped to 4 or 5 and for a while to 1. I remember it having near 50 pupils. Asbury built a new school across the road North of Asbury church combining, four districts. The high schools operated buses, so many of the rural grade schools began sending their pupils to the towns and paying tuition. In the early 1950’s came the vote to consolidate most of the rural district schools into unit schools. Mr. Mora Moore taught the last rural school in the county, Kedron Grade School with pupils from 3 or 4 former adjoining district schools. He began his teaching career in 1908, at age 17, at central school which was on the Eagle Creek and Saline County line. In 1910 he was at the old hewed log school called Goolsby. When replaced, his father John L. ran a store in this old building in Section 29 in T10 R8. After the New Haven grade school closed last year, there were only three schools left in the county. They are all grade 1 through 12 and located in Shawneetown, Equality and Ridgway. There are not over 4 or 5 active rural churches left.


The first burial at New Zion was of a traveler, a man who stopped at the Fillingim Inn his name now unknown. A brush arbor meeting was said to have been going on at the time near the site of the log church which followed. The time as stated earlier was about 1857 and soon afterward the infant twins of Robert and Jane (Downen) Moye are believed to have been buried there. His brother Joseph and her sister Elizabeth had twin daughters born in March of 1859, who died of croup the following July, who were buried there. Their names were Indiana and Louisiana. There are possibly others but Robert Moye, who died at home while serving in the Union Army in 1863, has the oldest marked grave. The following are names taken from markers at New Zion and complete the list not included in Volume one of Gallatin County and its Cemeteries.


Belt, Artha Ann 1873‑74 dau. of John P. & Julia A.(Fillingim)

Boutwell, Mary A. 1881‑88, Lucy A. 1884‑? ch/o Alex & P. A. ?

Bourland, Lucy 1889‑09 w/o Tom Bourland & d/o B. F. & M. E. Cox

Cox, Robert T 1895‑96, Edgar b&d 1903, Maud 1893‑22 ch/o B. F. & M. E.

Cox, Bricem L. b&d 1880 s/o Thomas J. & Louisa D. Cox

Goforth, Henry 1885‑05 & Elizabeth 1891‑07 ch/o Jasper & Isavilla

Goforth, George W. b 12‑22‑1871 d 7‑16‑1903 h/o Rosa & s/o Thomas C. & Iowa

Hendrick, Stephen 1825‑90 w Sarah E. 1831‑70, Ann Moye 1858‑96 w/o Mel

Harrelson, Hannah P. 1867‑91 w/o William M. Jr., s Sherman 1891‑92, Amanda

Brown, Reathy 1896‑97, Elmer 1903‑05 d & s of Wiley N. & Rhoda Hise Brown

Hise, James F. 1870‑1950, w Mary L. 1871‑99 son Joseph infant

Davis, William Wilson 1873‑194? w Rosetta (Cox) 1886‑06

Mayhue, Susan 1889‑93, Mary Agnes 1897‑01, Alice b&d 1901 c/o A. & Mag













            New Zion Cemetery continued

Jones, Kincheon P. 1867‑32 w Hettie 1873‑56

Miner, Laurence d 12‑13‑1892 age 1m & 3d s/o Henry & Lucretia A.

Sauls, Bricey 1888‑91 s of C. or G. W. & N. M.

Cox, George T. 1868‑90 Everett 1894‑09

Moye, Lydia (Ramsey) 1854‑89 w/o John T., Sammy 1894‑97, Art 1897‑98

Brown, Mary 1870?‑90, Laura 1866‑82 d/o Thomas J. & Nancy Jane

Fillingim, Virginia Belle 1929‑31 d/o Harlis & Ella, Joseph A. 1889‑90 s/o V. & H.

Hoge, Roy H. 1903‑71 mil‑mkr, Linda Ruth 1937‑38 inf of Roy & Myrl

Foster, James H. b 1856‑ Hulda Lucinda 1849‑89, George d 1892 ch/o D. & A.

Runyan, Sallie 1897‑98, Ora d/o Edmond and Maggie

Dillard, George b&d 1890 s/o W. S. & Martha, Myrtle E. ?

Cox, Sarah 1886‑1901 w/o Benjamin F.

Miner, Harry 1894‑49, Loral 1905‑23, Ethel no‑mkrs ch/o F. M. & Ida

Hollister, Ada (Belt) Stiles no dates, others known to be buried here


without markers follow

Stiles, Trafton h/o Ada b 1867, Julia Belt b 1845 w/o John P.

Joe Warren Fillingim b 1848‑ w Ellen b 1846‑ Marshall Brown 1882‑04 mkr

Helen 1913‑25 d/o Lee & Rhea Brown Rister, Lillie J. d/o W. C. & M. Boyer

Ambrose, William 1854‑14, Emily Cox 1854‑27 w/o Jess, Clara & Arthur Hill

Moore, George 1913‑14, Maud (Bruce) Awalt 1883‑09 w/o Frank

Rollman, Jacob d 4‑20‑1906 age 59, Martin C. Brown Baptist Minister ? 1850‑1911?

McIntosh, James W. Jr b&d 1878, Sims Ajax Fillingim d Nov 1881 age 1yr 11mo

Hendrick, Rachel & infant d 1882, Julia Goforth 1879‑02

Goforth, Parvilla (Brown) 1863‑1907, 6th dau of Wiley & Elizabeth Brown


Hazel Ridge or Shaw Cemetery on E. side of NE ¼ of Sec. 19 Omaha Twp.

Most of old section in Vol. 1, this completes all adults & most children.


Patton ?, Harve 1900‑ Oma 1901‑65 w Elsie May 1930‑71

Williams, John E. or F. 1897‑69, Clara D. 1906

Gard, James 1866‑47, Mary A. 1872‑36, Cecil 1913‑37, Jess T. 1905‑27

Sutton, Thomas C. 1885‑01, Samuel R 1883‑38 on same lot as Gard fam.

Trusty, F. Earl 1909‑ fa., Ruth 1906‑ mo., dau Mary Pauline 1932‑49

Davis, Mac 1874‑63, Minnie 1871‑20, Wm. F. 1887‑59, w Mary C. 1886‑26, Mary L. 1887-26

Baker, David 1829‑97, w Rose Ann ? 1836‑00

Kingston, Oscar 1879‑67, w Nora 1889‑6?

Mayhue, Marion 1870‑1968, w Emma 1875‑65, Anna Jewell 1907‑27

Cox, James H. 1884‑70, w Essie 1886­

Bruce, Frank 1885‑61, w Annie 1886‑63, Roy 1916‑65, w Naoma 1917­

Bruce, Ralph 1917‑ Loraine 1915‑65

Lodarback, James H. 1846‑14, w Mary A. (Bean) 1849‑1919, Purl E. 1882‑65

Lodarback, Orba 1922‑73, w Anna Casey 1928‑ , Dora 1894‑ , James Offa 1945‑66

Jones, T. W. 1857‑25

Gwaltney, Alvin 1885‑36, Minnie 1889‑64

Forrester, Ezra 1895‑69 Fannie 1901‑71

Blackard, W. Frank 1897‑ , w Edith 1912‑29

Howard, Davis C. 1871‑41, Martha 1872‑52, Sherman 1901‑ w Lillie M. 1901‑26

Shaw, 1881‑10, George H. 1889‑71 WW 1

Garrett, James L. 1848‑31, w Mary J. 1854‑45, 4 ch b&d between 1877 & 1892

Edwards, 1867‑91 w/o William G.

Overton, Ruby A. 1873‑42

Vineyard, Clyde 1879‑62 w Dollie 1885‑67 & 3 ch

Pankey, Ira S. 1891‑58, w Tessie (Graves) 1891‑ s Robert 1916‑26

Parks, Guss 1891‑1976?, w Margaret Pearl 1896‑27


Copied 10‑16‑1973 by G. Miner








Adkin Cemetery or Bethlehem Methodist Church Cemetery located in NW¼ of NE¼ of Sec. 32 T7 R8 or Omaha Township. Church organized 1868, along with the cemetery, is alongside the section line. The one page in volume one and this supplement complete this cemetery.


Davis, Shaw 1891‑1956, Mack 1894‑72

Buttrey, L. Goodridge 1859‑44, w Fannie 1872‑1962

Keasler, David 1821‑98, w Mary L. 1831‑1919, William H. 1869‑38 w Jennie 1874‑42

Keasler, Hal H. 1943‑66, Frank W. 1935‑37, James M. 1862‑38, w Clemma 1867‑48

Garrett, Alfred 1810‑93 w Martha J. 1818‑96 & 2 infants

Garrett, Peter (vet) 1846‑27, w Harriet 1846‑09

Garrett, Delana G. 1872‑54 w Virginia H. 1872‑10

Williams, (dad) Hezekiah 1866‑28, (mother) Lucinda 1866‑45, Bob 1903‑56

Lamb, George F. 1869‑24, w Minnie 1875‑09, Otis 1884‑52

Bruce, Charles H. 1872‑35, w Vinnie 1878‑70, George S. s/o B. F. & S. E., illegible

Bruce, John 1795‑1876 Pvt. in Capt. Carlton’s Co, War 1812, w Mary A. 1794‑1852

Bruce, John w Mary 1803‑1855, infant of William b 1854­

Robinson, Elizabeth J. 1847‑1942 beside Timothy ?, Robert T. 1855‑76

Trusty, James W. 1850‑32 fa, Mary 1867‑40 mo, Isaac 1825‑89, Samuel F. 1908-44

Cowan, Sarah 1849‑0?, Melvin 1909‑16, Nettie 1887‑1919, Neva 1906‑33

York, Robert M. 1875‑47 w Minnie O. 1877‑55

Tarrant, Robert A. 1866‑1963, w Sarah M. 1874‑11, Sis Mary C. 1897‑1911

Tarrant, bro. Orval 1895‑11, David 1869‑39, w Mary E. 1881‑39, Hettie 1872‑14

Williams, C. R. 1835‑04 vet & prisoner Civil War, wife S. J. 1844‑30

Williams, Ulysses 1885‑20, w Elizabeth 1892‑41?, Ralph 1915‑41

Utley, Joseph E. 1886‑44, Ada 1891‑17, Ruth 1913‑23

Kiser, Lee A. 1877‑34, Ida 1881‑43, Faye M. 1904‑55

Hise, Rhoda D?. 1872‑89?, James William 1888‑45, Riley Lawrence 1910‑17

Johnson, Delia 1888‑59, 0rville D. 1891‑68

Long, Jesse E. 1897‑39, w Euel Myrtle 1893‑3?, Ernie E. 1921‑56 WW2

Robinson, Fred 1885‑51, Minnie W. 1886‑40, Nancy May 1913‑14 dau of H. E. & M. J.

Trusty, William T. 1884‑50, w Euel E. 1891‑23, George P. 1858‑33, Maud 1900?‑25

Bruce, J. S. 1864‑35, w Clemma C. 1863‑44, (bro) Samuel T. 1888‑44

Bruce, Lillian A. 1897‑63(sis), Walter 1902‑12, Carrie M. 1879‑17

Bruce, Thomas Claud 1887‑66, w Mary A 1888‑ 4 inf, B. Frank 1861‑28

Bruce, Grover 1889‑69 w Grace 1892‑ W. Bryan 1896‑34, w Susie M. 1897­

Bruce, Susan W. 1869‑32 w/o B. Frank, son Jesse E. 1887‑08

Duckworth, Stella Bruce 1892‑59, Margaret 1918‑44, Roy 1926‑64

Graves, John Ezra 1895‑72 cook WW2, w Neva 1899‑42

Downey, Yancey C. d 1938, ch Bobby Gene 8‑5‑38, Jolene Welch 1925‑51

Rister, Luther 1896‑53, w Ethel 1898‑ , Harold 1918‑36, Wilma L. 1940‑52

West, Guilford 1885‑63, w Mattie 1889‑ son Robert

Murphy, Mary 1902‑11 dau. of Otis & Nellie

Dyer, Ruth Babe 1924‑57

Creek, Hollie 1865‑23, Cora 1923?

Bishop, J. Monroe 1878‑62, w E. Lo?vina 1880‑ , James W. 1903‑63, w Elizabeth 1908

Trail, Calvin 1891‑61, Radia 1893‑37, identical concrete‑mkr Erma Smitt 1917‑72

Edwards, Garland 1904‑71 w Gertrude 1907‑53 mom & dad, Sam 1875‑39

Edwards, Grover 1892‑55 md 1924 Emma b 1905­

Patton, George W. 1862‑45, w Ana? 1866‑58, Luther 1892‑65, Charles 1894‑ w Wilma d69

Brown, Chesley 1902‑68, Reba June 1934­

Kuder, Frank M. 1858‑37, w Alice W. 1877‑65

Bain, Riley 1877‑41, w Lura? 1888‑ , Lawrence 1887‑05, Belle 1889‑15

Maloney, Joe 1875‑62, Eva 1896‑67

Ripperdan, Sam 1886‑69, w Lizzie 1893‑47 (Good‑bye), s Ralph b&d 1912

Mackey, Eva 1878‑1975

Robinson, James S. 1876‑1935?, Matilda 1886‑65

Boyer, Annie 1887‑06 dau of M. & Ellen

Watson, Mary Eula 1898‑1911 dau. of R. E. & M. S.

Allen, Raymond 1908‑64, w Viola 1907‑

McKenzie, Marshall d 1879 son of H. & S. J.

copied 10‑16‑1973




This supplement completes Kedron or Barnett Cem. on N. side of road in

South East corner of Sec. 17 T10 R8 or Eagle Creek Twp. 10‑25‑1973


Saylor, Mary Elizabeth 1870‑93 w/o J. H. and d/o C. P. Stilley

Hubbs, Mary J. 1863‑07

Colbert, Estella 1894‑11, James Oscar 1917‑65 mil mkr WW2 & 2 sandstones illegal

Woods, Benny 1875‑40, D. Ralph 1918‑1919, & J. E. ch/o David Mac & Ollie Ann

Woods, Albert M. 1883‑40, Mary E. 1888‑55, John C. 1891‑60 w Mae 95‑27 2 ch

Vinyard, Theodore R. 1903‑65 md 1928 Phyllis 1903‑72

Potter, Elvis 1880‑56, w Sarah E. 1886‑ , Jasper 1906‑09

McDaniel, James S. 1868-52, w Sarah A. 1872‑98, Mary A. 1894‑17

McDaniel, William Silas 1881‑59, w Leota 1884‑54, Nancy J. 1870-44, Addie 1877-60

Patton, William R. 1835‑00, w Mary 1839‑32, Lee A. d 1937 military marker

Jennings, Isaac 1857‑04, w Margaret 1862‑16, Walter 1883‑65

Slayton, Zedrick 1865‑00, Mollie 1868‑20

Evans, James D. 1867‑29, w Sarah P. 1874‑51

Frohock, Kenneth b&d 1917 s/o R. L. & Grace


Leamington or Brinkley Cem. on N. side of SW of NE of Sec. 22 T10S R8E. This

together with Vol. one, completes all inscriptions on 10-25-73. Begin East side, 3 or 4 legible sandstones and at least 10 illegible.

Bates, Mrs. Texas 1866‑58

Tucker, Socrates 1852‑94, w Sallie 1849‑?

Dobbs, George 1850‑22, w Josephine 1863‑29

Moore, Charles E. 1870‑26 concrete Mkr., Hattie 1892‑33

Elliot, Joseph A. 1897‑62 WW 1, w Lela 1904-

Curry, Wiley 1912-34, Donna 1932-33

Brinkley, George L. ?, w Susan 1852‑09, Louis W. 1881‑86, Thomas A. 1887‑71?

Brinkley, Floyd 1899‑, Ben 1884‑52 Alma 1899‑ , Ida 1875‑62

Brinkley, John 1814‑76, w Harriet 1824‑02, s Thomas P. 1862‑82

Baker, John H. 1849‑05, Julia A. 1861‑07, sd‑stone F. B. 1871, 2 others

Blakely, Nancy J. 1848‑1933

Brooks, f. Ethel 1895‑65 mother Eller 1898‑73, Jerry Ray b&d 1946

Burroughs, George G. 1842‑88, adjoins Elizabeth Miller 1850‑11,

Burroughs, George W. 1900‑66, John 188?‑89 s/o G. G.& E

Casey, J. Will 1891‑ m 1917 Emma M. 1902‑ , William Thomas 1926-68 m 1952 Inez 193?

Casey, Rev. Darnell 1919‑68 m 1936 Mary M. (Dickson) 1921- WW2

Dobbs, Samuel 1886-62, Ida M. 1890-44, Jessie T. 1916-68 WW2, w Velna 1931-

Green, W. J. 1842‑05, w Louisa 1844-­

Greer, James 1858-30, w Martha A. 1867‑39

Gowan, H. B. 1923‑65, w Naoma 1923-­

Fugate, Clem 1898‑67, w Bessie 1899-­

Finn, Thomas 1865‑99

Gaffney, Betty Williams 1840‑38

Hawley, Robert F. 1883‑68?, Minnie 1891‑11

Hughes, W. L. 1839‑91, Willie, Emma, Mittie and Johnie ch/o W. L. & E.

McConnell, Louisa Jane 1837‑01, ? 1898‑1958, Christine 1905-­

McIntyre, James 1820‑05, w Nancy 1825‑08

Miles, Harry 1909‑70 WW2, Luther 1884‑66, Florence 1882‑36, Cora 1895-­

Potter, Luther 1882‑27, Carrie 1892‑16

Potter, Paul 1907‑ , w Sarah E. 1906‑71, Clifford 1912‑71, w Juanita 1911-­

Potts, A. D. 1859‑13, Polly Ann 1865‑07, A. D. Jr. 1887‑44, w ?Annie 1890­-

Potts, Edward f 1881‑48, mo Viola 1886‑62, John 1908‑26, D? E. 1909‑70

Thacker, Anthony A. 1883‑70, w Janie 1892‑69, S. Claude 1907‑69, w Martha 1911 - Williams, T. J. 1863‑?1, w Laura 1871‑23 s Edgar 1888‑92 s Theodore 1900‑43

Siddens, dad Allie H. 1900‑72, mom Charlotte 1901-

­Vaught, George T. 1900‑65, w Gradie E. 1905‑ , Raymond 1893‑70, Junie 1895-

­Leavell, Edward 1837‑14, w Martha E. 1846‑13, Samuel 1862‑00

Winters, George T. 1900‑65, w Irene 1920-­

Minter, Sina 1855‑1931

Krikie, Mrs. Fannie 1887‑1965





Hogan Cemetery supplement, completed. This cemetery located on the East side of the W½

of NE¼ of Sec. 9, T10 R9 or Bowlesville Tsp. No marker was found for Isaac Hogan who bought this land from U.S.A. in 1814 and died about 1851. Copied 11‑8‑1974. On a long beautiful hill.


Crabtree, James 1819‑71 marker down

Mitchell, Daniel 1875‑95 s/o J. & Minnie, 3 more children mkrs

Crosley, Rene 1874‑57, Able Crosley 1867‑1912 beside Irene

Barlow, Thomas Jefferson 1840‑09, w Margaret 1843‑1918 plates on concrete

Burroughs, William T. 1884‑40

Brokaw, W. A.  Co. A of Indiana Cavalry

Cowsert, Green 1853‑08, w Sarah 1857‑91

Cremeens, Almer 1868‑97, Nancy 1869‑70, Wiley 1896‑97

Eddings, William 1873‑58

Ellis, Raede 1880‑54 (named for Dr. Raede), w Margaret (Payne) 1880‑ sharp

Ellis, Henry 1866‑195?, Ethel 1895‑50

Dobbs, Amelia 1802‑60 w/o Lodaway, Thomas E. 1845‑67 shot by an assassin

Duke, Florence 1862‑1912? in Huston Lot Vol. 1

Freeman, Jesse 1885‑67, w Frances K. 1888‑60, Orville 1910‑1911

Ellis, Catherine 1829‑82, Henry 1845‑13, John 1836‑86 military mkr

Goforth, John P. 1849‑99, Betty 1856‑99, Frank 1885‑58, Edna 1888-­

Hatfield, Enos Co. D 33rd Ohio Inf mil‑mkr

Beeler, Alfonso 1891‑56 m 1921 Mae Marie (Willis) 9‑23‑1901‑

Willis, Aubrey 1904‑74, Charles 1890‑70, w Lillie M. 1891‑66

Willis, Almira 1840‑90, James T. 1874‑46, w Hattie C. 1871‑1918

Huston, Elkanah 1826‑85, w Martha L. 1834‑08

Biggs, John E. 1817‑70, w Nancy 1819‑89, John E. 1850‑72

Logsdon, James B. 1879‑54, Ida 1885‑55, Eugene 1918‑32

Burns, Roy Melton 1876‑54, w Julia Ann 1881‑62

Kanady, Green 1864‑23, w Annie 1866‑36, George 1896‑ , w Mabel M. 1906­

Krekie, Fred 1853‑21

Marta, John 3‑21‑1830 d 4‑25‑1898

Pellim, Eliza Ann 1886‑89 d/o W. B. & A. L.

Logsdon, Joseph E. 1893‑58, s/o Joseph E. & Edith Rearden, w Emeline b 11‑18‑1907

Payne, John 1836‑1918, w Bridget 1843‑31, dau Georgia 1883‑42

Payne, John W. 1872‑01, Robert 1875‑51, s/o J. & M. A.

Rigsby, L. P. fa 1842‑17, Ray 1895‑71 WW 1, Aunt Nellie E. Vickery 1891‑41

Rigsby, Henry 1884‑55, s James William 1916‑43, Leslie E. 1918‑67

Stacey, Charles 1853‑08, w Sarah 1857‑91

Thorne, John T. 1885‑36, w Lizzie 1894‑52 beside Hyatt mkr

Davis, John W. 1867‑30, w Adeline 1870‑42, 2 infants 1903 to 1906

McCabe, E. P. 1866‑43, w Nannie May 1870‑22

McCabe, Edward (Coob) 1901‑73, m 1921 Lula M. Vee 1904‑74, 2 infants

Stewart, George W. 1857‑37, w Mary A. 1857‑1919, W. Huston fam

Van, Virgil 1917‑73, w Novella 1921-­

Wolf, Sam 1877‑38, Tressie 1897‑30, other concrete mkrs, one mkr Grandma

Wren, Francis L. 1863‑00, W. S. 1879‑12, W. Fred (Pa) 1883‑59

Uselton, Will 1871‑32, Mary 1879‑70, Charley 1855‑99, Oma 1857‑99

Sullivan, Edgar 1902‑59, Frankie 1900‑ , George D. 1932‑63 U.S, Air Force

Reccord, John J. 1889‑51, Gertrude 1882‑33

Scadden, Albert 1904‑, w Gladys K. 1908‑71

Robertson, George 1872‑06

Lane, Pleas 1861‑35 f, Martha 1863‑45 mo, Henry 1894‑74, Charles 1898‑71

Smith, William 1835‑73, w Rebecca 1837‑20

Maloy, Charles 1863‑88

Schmidt, Felix 1905‑35










Oak Grove Presbyterian Church Cemetery in E ½ of NE ¼ of Asbury Twp,

Section 28 in East side of Cottonwood. Includes all markers not included

in Vol. one of Gallatin county Cemeteries. Copied 5‑24‑1973.


Muir, Walter H. 1902‑47, w Cora 1909-­ , Joseph 1874‑42, w Minnie 1877-

Muir, William F. 1897‑50

Chapman, Manuel D. 1887‑58, w Ella 1887‑53

Merritt, John ? 1877‑65, w Maude 1877‑42

Desper, James W. 1878‑33, w Fara 1880‑41, Lane 1903‑68, w Edith 1901-­

Holland, Odes 1878‑44, w Nancy 1882‑72, s Cletis R. 1904‑67, w Cora 1905-­

Holland, Shandy 1842‑08, w Susan 1847‑95, Raymond 1889‑56, Toba 1884‑50

Holland, John W. 1839‑81, w N. J. ? daus Armarilda 1869‑72, Alta 1871‑81

Glasscock, Henry 1888‑46, w Iva Dell 1883‑42

McGhee, R. M. 1856‑24, Rosa 1880‑08, Jewell 1883‑ , w Ethel Mae 1886‑56

Noel, Isaiah 1857‑08, w Lizzie 1866‑28

Smith, Benjamin F. 1864‑44, w Lora 1872‑50, Anna Belle (McGhee) 1886‑56

Hall, Turney 1879‑57, w Clara 1889‑62

Waring, Nathan 1865‑1877, William W. 1868‑186?

Bryant, Auster 1839‑83, (area school teacher of 1860s), w Lauretta 1845‑27

Bryant, Millage M. 1872‑99

Smith, Hannah 1830‑95

Moore, Joel B. 1832‑78, w Frances 1840‑?, son William 1867‑77

Hill, Prof. William 1857‑31, w Elizabeth 1857‑1922

Spence, Gilbert 1886‑50, Elma G. 1879‑68, Mary 1892‑1918

Sanders, Francis N. (?d in 1940s? in his 90s), Luther 1891‑64, w Reba 1893‑11

Sanders, Bertha 1894‑ w/o Luther, Rev. Frank 1905‑65 s/o Solon & Sadie

Sanders, Julia 1869‑97 w/o C. B.

McKinnies, Julia 1875‑00 w/o C. W. two infants

Null, Clarence 1897‑59, Littie 1867‑99 w/o D. B., Mattie M. 1881‑06 w/o D. B.

Vinson, Charles R. 1859‑43, w Rosetta 1862‑36

Beasley, John 1883‑09, Simeon 1882‑17, Alvin 1879‑46, w Edna 1879‑69

Downen, Harry 1899‑ , w Edith (Hill) 1903‑ , ch Blanch 1924‑35

Downen, Ida Lou 1931‑34, Gene 193?, ch/o H. & E.

Boyd, Ernest Everett 1903‑47, w Mildred 1904‑ , s PFC. Ernest E 192?‑?

Edwards, Ralph W. 1900‑70, w Lois 1899­-

Blazer, David 1858‑03, Ann 1858‑38, Richard Asa 1894‑00

Blazier, Oliver 1890‑38, Taylor 1897‑68, Aaron 1882‑68

McGuire, Verner 1899‑58, w Almeda 1902‑ , s Carl 1925‑66

Rodgers, William Dee 1905‑11 s/o Hez & Mary

Oliver, Clint 1883‑69, w Anna 1884‑68

Harper, Simeon Garrett 1876‑99, Delia 1881‑05, William E. 1841‑23, w Margaret 1844‑02

Bean, General Francis Marion Wagoner, Sp Am War, w Christina 1856‑26


Reid Hill Cem located about 100 yds SE of Brazier home in Sec. 35 Bowlesville

Twp. This part, copied in May 1976 by H. O. & Mary A. Anderson, not included

in Gallatin County Cemeteries, published in 1972.

Reid, David 1828‑98, w Agnes d at age of ?66 stone broken & chipped

Reid, John 9‑30‑1840 d 4‑18‑1899, Annie P. 6‑27‑1880 d 8‑23‑1881

Reid, Elizabeth G. 12‑10‑1867 d 11‑9‑1953, Clara D. 1873 d 10‑13‑49, 1 mkr

Brice, Harold 7‑26‑1903 d 1‑26‑1905, Velma b&d 1899 ch/o A. M. & Wylie

Richeson, Clifford 12‑20‑1891 1‑24‑1972, Luella 4‑10‑1891 d 1‑20‑1975

Richeson, Thomas S. 2‑13‑1869 2‑13‑1942, Fannie E. 3‑4‑1871 9‑26‑1943

Richeson, Walter 1911‑1937 William Kenneth 1909‑1927

Seely, Margaret 1877‑1946

Stubb, William J. 1859‑1918

Cutrell, Joseph 1901‑74,  H. M. 1894‑1916 A few of these had funeral home mkr

Pritchard, Andrew 1873‑62, Donna J. 1929‑1930 some concrete others stob

Brazier, Nathaniel 7‑16‑1881 d 1950, Ethel 1890‑60, metal stobs short lived

Brazier, Thomas Harry PFC WW1 11‑15‑1893 1‑15‑1964







Reid Hill Cemetery continued. Located on West Side of Sec. 35, near or S of Saline Mines T 10 Range 9.


Proctor, James M. 2‑14‑18? mkr chipped d 9‑11‑1889 mkr almost covered

Hart, Millie 1898‑1975

Smith, Melvin Hiel? 1901‑41 s/o James L. & Minnie C.

       William J. 4‑12‑1841 1‑30‑1902, William Grigory 1869‑1927

Young, Uncle John 1884‑1965

Curry, Owen 8‑24‑1847 d 7‑25‑1943 father, Clarence L. 1894‑69, Ella 1894‑65

Morris, Marjorie, mother, 1921‑55

Hendrix Emma 1888‑1929

Maynard, Herbert E. 1931‑32, Thelma 1930‑31, Alonzo 1905‑66, Cuma 1906‑31

         Everett 1903‑75, Sgt. Max E. 31st Inf 7th Div 1926‑50 d. in Korea

         Claud Raymond 1928‑49, Jolitha Gene 1933‑1934, Susan Fay b&d 1932

McNutt Minnie 1883‑53

Edwards, Jimmie J. 1945‑70, Donna S. 1945 no other date, S. Brent 1969‑70

         Garland Elmo b&d 1929

Stanley, Loren 1894‑1923 father

Vickery, John A. 1‑24‑1869 11‑25‑1968, Augusta 1‑16‑1877 d 1‑18‑1936

Williams, J. J. 1848‑1928, Christena 1852‑16, Walter 1874‑35

Patton, Lawrence father 1907‑70, Bernice 10‑23‑1926 3‑7‑1941

Lowe, Pearl and Lela 1898‑1921 distinct

Moore, Charles 6‑10‑1885 3‑1‑1917        end


Callicott or Harrelson Cemetery as it was often called in the early days. It is located near the center of the NW ¼ of Section 25 T8 R9 but mostly in the West ½. The Pon (Pond) settlement arm of the Lick Creek Baptist Church in 1825 was located on or near this site. The Lick Creek records list Ezekiel Harrelson 1786‑1847 as a member, with Rev. Moses Pearce of White County, slated to spend one fourth of his time there. The following inscriptions, together with Vol. one, complete this cem.


McCollum, Ida May 1895‑50, John W. 1901‑53, Clifford M. 1912‑67 WW2 mil mkr

Groves, Eva 1928‑65

Frields, Frank 1875‑54, w Mary 1897‑31

Murrah, Abigail 1833‑58 w/o F.

Joiner, William Bluford 1879‑64, Nora May 1900‑64, Paul Deneen 1931‑72

Hise, Sarah 1856‑31, Ed 1893‑70, William A. 1908‑67

Back, Nancy 1876‑56 w/o Joe 1864‑28, Mary 1868‑32, Joseph Harold 1915‑67

Lowe, Lawrence 1900‑69, w Beatrice (Awalt) 1912-­

Hardin, George 1883‑70, w Ethel 1888‑73

Head, Lovet 1848‑1912, w Mary 1853‑37

Brooks, James 1865‑42, Elmer 1914‑38, Burtia 1886‑65

Case, Thomas 1883‑66, w Sallie 1898‑30

Lanier, Raymond 1885‑70

Grace, Clyde 1893‑62 WW 1 mil mkr

Bunch, Wilford Dewey 1898‑66

Thorne, George W. 1921‑ , w Juanita P. 1923‑72

Davis, Brettie 1884‑66, Mae 1894‑194?

   markers not found for following                 

Perdue, Woods 1855‑1933

Cook, Susie 1854‑1928, R. News, son Edward ? they lived East of Hulda

Pelham, Anna B. (Brooks) 1891‑26 w/o Thomas

Brooks, William d in Wabash Bottoms near Hulda Lake under falling tree 1909

Pate, Josephine d 3‑26‑1878 age 26 w/o ?

Skiles, Isaac 1838‑78

Harrelson, Sylvanus 1818‑86










Kanady Cem in NE corner of SE ¼ of NW ¼ of Sec. 32 T9 R9 on land entered in 1814 by Meredith Fisher. Consists of about 2 acres fenced and well maintained. A huge hard or sugar maple tree near 5 ft in dia, stands on sand ridge near center shading the older Kanady mkrs including John Johnson 1804‑75 and wife Mary Sherwood Kanady 1805‑59 also Rev. Jess 1813‑74. There are about 17 sandstone mkrs on South and South East of this tree, all are badly weathered and illegible except one with letters A. S. A few cedars and other trees. Most older mkrs in vol. one, the rest of the marker inscriptions are as follows. Copied 8‑2‑1976 by G. Miner.

Wood, John no dates on f. home stob (beg. NE corner then West)

Kelly, Stanley 1914‑36

Hewitt, Walter 1870‑40, Tilford 1902‑69, Henrietta 1907‑

Hewitt, Owen D. 1936‑73, Joan P. 1935‑ , John T. 1861‑48, Bettie A. 1869‑34

Fields, Claud 1910‑44 WW 2

O’Neil, Matilda mo 1884‑1918, s Joe 1910‑ , s Bill 1907‑35

Leithliter, John H. 1887‑42, w Addie May 1889‑66, William O. 1926‑69, West side

Leithliter, Helen 1915‑35 in same row with

Forester, Minnie 1898‑22, Nora 1890‑71, John W. 1894‑1919

Pigman, Asa D. 1872‑61, Sarah Bell 1872-1948

Martin, George 1873‑54, Marie 1880‑41

Dutton, John R. 1879‑09, latter 3 graves enclosed low concrete wall 6"

Burroughs, Floyd 1902‑25, Jewel 1909‑1911 d/o W. S. & Lucy B.

Wood, Charles 1870‑41, Anna 1878?‑03

Dempsey, Dolly 1834‑04, this grave enclosed by concrete wall abt 6" high

Spence, Ethel R. 1891‑66, Same type and adjoins John T. & Bettie Hewitt mkr

Castleman, John 1907‑75

Kanady, Sam (Daddy) 1865‑71, w ? (Mother) 1888‑70

Kanady, Mamie 1867‑92 w/o Claude

Reid, Merritt Scott 1894‑20

Wood, David F. 1874‑54 f. home stob, another 6ft south illegal, Stella 1885‑30

Wood, Alice 1916‑31, the row abt 30 ft long most not legible

Hall, Esther mother 1862‑32, James 1866‑71, plate on concrete, next illegal.

Duff, Ada 1884‑89 d/o P. A. & R? A

Strong, Charles R. 1854‑94, w Mary 1854‑49

Willis, W. H. d 1884 age 48, Anne 1835‑04, Moses T. 1869‑77 s/o William & Anne

Gates, Sarah M. 1854‑32?, Ethel Lynne 1882‑05

Hewitt, Thomas M. 1837‑10, w Mary 1838‑ large mkr S. end, s James d 1870

Hewitt, Samuel M. 1875‑80 s/o T. M. & Mary

Hall, William 1801‑70, & 2 daughters of M. B. & A. A. b&d between 1883 & 1890

Flora, John W. 1843‑84 Co. C. 29th Ill. Inf  mil mkr

Farmer, S. W. begin E side center Co C. 29th Inf  mil mkr

Pierson, Sarah 1878‑79 d/o H. T. & Susan, beg N. Central part of cem

Martin, John C. 1879‑31, w Elizabeth 1881‑51, Samuel 1879‑08?

Harrelson, Herbert 1895‑68 WW 1, Mary 1904‑73, Washington 1891‑06?, Ethel 29-30­

Blakely, Harry 1875‑66, Iva 1886‑60?, dau ? 1910‑1911

Black, William 1923‑34, Robert 1931‑32 completes


The McGehee Cem is located in the NE corner of NE¼ of SW¼ of Sec 28

T9 R9 or Gold Hill Twp. The sign calls it McGhee cem. but all of the names buried are listed on markers as McGehee. This is on land entered in 1815 by William McGehee 1786‑1844 and Joining it on East is land entered in 1817 by Rachel McGehee 1784‑1859, who moved to White County and is buried there in the Lick Creek Primitive Baptist Church Cem., Sect 29 of T5 R9. She is listed as w of E. The McGehee Cem. is located on fenced 2 acres most of which is a beautiful sandy hill and is well maintained. This

township levies a special tax for maintenance of cemeteries.


Meyers, William 1919‑1920  begins N. West corner and to South on West side

Hiatt, Charles 1908‑1910 s/o W. H. & Stella









The McGehee Cemetery 1 mile South East of Junction, continued.

West side of center road.


Speer, J. Allen 1864‑24, w Melvina 1873‑47, John 1892‑ , Opal 1896‑48

Speer, Walter 1900‑1923, Pearl 1897‑1927

Hall, William 1878‑46, w Mary 1883‑64, Elmer 1912‑53, Charles T. 1904‑70 WW 2

Knight, Reverend Grover 1887‑1955

Watson, Lou 1872‑1975, John 1879‑34, Henry 1874‑25, Joseph ? not legible

Maynard, Mary J. 1896‑76

Baldwin, Elizabeth 1880‑59?

Watson, Minnie 1884‑75, Joe E. 1909‑19

Watson, Joseph Co. D 120th Ill., w Mary J. 1853‑39, Tom 1888‑40

Graham, Otis 1900‑68, Mollie 1901‑44, Otis 1928‑48 WW 2, Norman 1936‑45

Graham, George M. 1924‑69, 4 on long flat mkr neat

Payne, Lawrence 1908‑67, Nannie W. 1909‑ , George 1883‑60, Nora 1888‑42

Cash, Robert 1880‑59, nearby is P. H. d 1929 painted on concrete mkr

Holbrook, Webb 1868‑32, w Lucy 1869‑37, John T. 1892‑60, w Margaret L. 1907-­

Holbrook, Mickey Joe 1936‑65 s/o J. T. & M. L.

Wimbrow, Joshua T. Co. C 29th  Ill. Inf., w Melrene 1849‑75, w? Eliza J. 1851‑90

Wimbrow, Charles d 1875 s/o J. T. & M.

Owens, R. W. Co. D 120th, Samuel 1833‑76, on same mkr Sarah Henry 1851‑90

Harpool, James 1853‑77, Almira 1852‑02 this is last mkr SW corner west side

McGehee, Nora Mahala 1876‑77 d/o Smith & Jennie, Mildred 1904‑09 d/o G. & L.

McGehee, Smith 1887‑54, Elizabeth 1858‑61 d/o Charles W. & Mahala

Parker, Henry 1890‑73, w Emma 1887‑68?, H. Allen 1916‑27, John W. 1922‑68

McGehee, John R. 1882‑50

Leavell, James L. 1848‑25, Nicy Jane 1857‑23, John A. 1880‑25

Morris, Claude 1890‑68 WW 1, Harry 1874‑48, John J. 1843‑26, w Mary A. 1848‑22

Cox, Otis 1889‑52, Betty Mae 1889‑58, Thomas F. 1929‑71 ? mil mkr

Brady, Ottie 1926‑73

Smyth, Benjamin J. 1848‑34, Clarence J. 1882‑OO?, Elizabeth A. 1846‑10

Smyth, Charles H. 1878‑94

Greer, Acquillar 1860‑31 w Emma 1862‑49, Samuel 1889‑58, w Grace (Crayne 93-­

Greer, Clarence 1905‑18, Edna 1910‑18, Ralph 1877‑1974, George A. 1881‑33

Greer, Arthur 1897‑71, w Dollie 1897‑37, Lee Oran? 1887‑70

Kanady, Edgar 1861‑49, w Annie L. 1877‑61

Mossman, William F. 1887‑54 funeral home metal stob

Oyer, Frank b 4‑15‑1866 d 6‑22‑1957

Brazier, Shirley dau 3‑2‑1938 d 1‑16‑1944 this completes bal. in vol. one


Jackson Cemetery in NW corner of Section 29 of Ridgway Twp and about ¼ mi NE of Village of Ridgway. This supplement is of the more recent markers and a few others located during copying searches in 1973. This cemetery well maintained and cared for by donations.


Hoff, Frank 1896‑55, w Olive (Smith) 1896‑69

Dennison, Alexander 1873‑46, w Elmira (Partain) 1878‑52

Brown, Wiley N. 1860‑35, w Rhoda E. (Hise) 1869‑54

Wood, Zach 1882‑39, Prudence 1883‑37

Moye, Bertis 1886‑66, w Janie (Dillard) 1888-­

Mead, George 1898‑46, w Amanda (Sauls) 1905‑68

Roby, Roscoe D. 1888‑73, w Ruth N. 1899-­

Gass, Lawrence E. 1897‑69, w Anne (Ramsey) 1899-­

Gass, Lewis F. 1885‑69, w Myrtle 1891‑33, dau Leah 1924‑31, son

Gass, Truman F. 1914‑63 WW 2, w Helen 1922-­

Rister, John M. 1888‑50, w Allie Pearl (Moye) 1893-­

Boutwell, Lona Co. D. 29th Ill. Inf. w ?

York, Nancy Jane (Vickery) 1844‑14 w/o James K. P., s Vinson 1884‑57

Felix, E. A. 1875‑61, w Elizabeth (Smith, Cleveland) 1879‑62







1973 Supplement to Jackson Cemetery located ¼ mile NE of Ridgway Ill.

Re‑checked on Aug‑6‑1976


Cox, William H. 1870‑38, w Amanda E. 1874‑50, Andrew J. d 1873 age 42

Dillard, David N. Co. H 120th Ill. Inf.

Brandon, Lemuel M. 1844‑75

Trousdale, Benjamin Harrison (Doc) 1888‑71, w Emma Lee (Baldwin) 1890‑50

Sauls, George 1872‑40

Vickery, William T. 1887‑57, w Sallie B. 1887­-

Vickery, George E. 1884‑68, w Gertie (Maloney) 1890‑73

Eubanks, David Finis 1877‑59, w Ulla May 1887‑63, Dennis Ray 1958‑61

Kimbro, William C. 1875‑58, Mary 1879‑67, Savina 1879‑30

Harris, Rev. Lydle 1889‑59, w Lucy 1892‑53

Baker, Albert A. 1880‑59, w Susie (Eubanks) 1885‑25

Kanady, Raleigh 1886‑60, w Mattie (Evans) 1889‑45, son Eugene (Jack)

Dickey, Mary 1846‑75 w/o John L.

Goodin, Charles 50th Ohio Inf. b abt 1840 d Nov. 1900

Riley, Dr. William H. 1856‑38, w Mary E. 1857‑30, s Theron 1887‑60, son

Riley, Kenneth Park 1893‑65, w Edna (Allison) 1898‑41

Kirk, Lawrence 1890‑35, w May C, (Fillingim) 1887‑69

Jackson, Josiah E. 11‑9‑1857 d 9‑15‑1933, w Cora (Yost) 1872‑03

Hale, Everette Lee 1884‑61, w Grace (Jackson) 1898-­

Smith, Lina 1903‑65, Mary Ann 1905‑51, Andrew E. 1892‑68 WW 1

Smith, Henry L. 1899‑63, Rhea E. b 8‑16‑1910 ch/o Peter & Anna (Duty)

Reeb, Caroline Smith 1858‑41

Willis, C. E. 1876‑13

Jackson, Josiah M. 1896‑73 s/o J. & C., w Ruth M. 1902‑74

Seagraves, Flora 1894‑26, Judith 1914‑35

Smith, William E. (Radio Bill) 1889‑62, w Radie (Brown) 1889‑57

Williams, Henry T. 1894‑66, w Vera (Sanders) 1894‑64

Williams, William Bryan 1887‑56, w Cora (Maloney) 1886‑66, s William James 1910‑48

Kimbro, Roy 1885‑61, w Laura (Foley, Hise) 1878‑37

Pittman, Cecil C. 1905‑63 s/o Elmira P., w Florence 1913-­

Pittman, Eugene 1904‑70 s/o Elmira P., w Pearl (Ingleton, Pease) 1907-­

Dennison, Charles 1913‑ s/o A. & E. P., w Mary A. 1923‑46

Brown, Amos J. 1910‑74 Cpl WW 2, s/o Al & Maud, Alice 1889-28

Crayne, Connie Sue b 2‑9‑1938 d 3‑11‑1948 d/o Habart & Alice (Miner)

Smith, John 1852‑31, w Rosetta 1872‑49, s Ernie 1892‑55, s Ralph 1900‑56

Combs, Henry Walter 1872‑48, w Eva Ann (Rollman, Cox) 1879‑43

King, Levert M. 1878‑55, w Ollie J. 1878‑36, s Earl 1905‑51, w Gladys 1908‑­

Wathen, Richard T. 1874‑60, w Justina (Bozarth) 1879‑49, s Howard

        1907‑58, w Hazel 1913-

­Hardin, Beaulah Hall 1923‑46

        Logan 1863‑51, wife Stella (Harris) 1892‑41?

        Frank 1891‑72 s/o Chris, w Minnie (Cremeens) 1899‑72, s Harold 1920‑41

Smith, son Frank 1917‑32, bro Joe A. 1897‑61, w Beaulah (Dodge) 1899‑75

Younger, Harry 1883‑38, w Margaret (Carter) 1886‑50

Riley, Herbert 1893‑47 WW 1 s/o John, Fannie 1879‑55

Hall, Vida 1898‑70 mother next

Bean, Rosa 1878‑51 mother

Cox, Andrew Sr. 1873‑65, w Trecy 1883‑73, s Andy 1905‑ w Carrie 1921‑62

Maloney, Clem J. 1895‑75, w Lorene (Goebel) 1901‑76

Crayne, James Freddie 1910‑64, w Effie Elizabeth 1926‑68

Kanady, Eugene 1910‑76 WW 2, w Florence 1918­-

        James M. 1892‑75, w Bessie (Hall) 1891‑71, dau Dorothy 1918-­

Bruce, Cpl. Otto M. 1890‑51 (Cotton), w Mabel I. (Oliver) 1900‑74

Trousdale, Everett B. 1903‑69, w Louil (Dixon) 1904-­

           Harrison E. 1913‑74, w Velma (Mayhue) 1917-­

           John Edward 1927‑73, w Pearl V. (Rollman, McGrew) 1920‑70

Bond, Rickey Joe 1946‑48

McGrew, Leroy 1927‑68, Rita Kay b&d 1949, Gordon Ray 1953‑54





Jackson Cemetery supplement continued. Rechecked on Aug. 6, 1976 Ridgway Ill.


Foster, Joseph 1898‑66, w Lottie E. (Baker) 1898‑70, Felix 1903‑60, w Georgia 1907-

Harrelson, Rufus 1891‑62, w Bertha (Rodgers) 1892-­

Morrow, William T. 1908‑73, w Lillian (Harrelson) 1917-­

Feazel, Claud 1892‑68, Field Art. WW 1, w Vina

Rodgers, Cecll E. 1910‑65

Sarver, Frank 1895‑61, w Laura E. 1893‑49, s John Dee 1922‑72

Crissup, Bernard M. 1916‑ md 4‑1?‑1939 Izola (Miner) 1919‑74

Dixon, Kenneth Ray 1904‑71 WW 2, w Mary Lou 1910-­

Duvall, Max E. 1902‑, w Laura (Brown) 1892-­

Tarrants, M. Eugene 1905‑, w L. Marie (Chapman) 1910‑ dau Cathy Sue 1953‑70

Heath, Fred 1904‑51, w Hazel (Anderson) 1910­-

Dillard, Savilla Ann (White) 1850‑08 w/o Dan

Smith, Iril Hamilton 1893‑63, w Lula (Rister) 1898‑64

Chapman, Agnes (Rollman) 1896‑61, dau Kathryn 1918‑37

Lemons, Sherman 1886‑68, w Isabel 1884‑69, s C. T. 1911‑, w Edna (Moye) 1911-, s

Lemons, Rev. S. D. 1912‑, w Pearl (Moye) 1913-­

Jones, George L. 1895‑75, w Emma (Moye) 1895‑, s Warren 1918‑74, w Mary 1926­-

Reynolds, William Fred 1914‑, w Wilma (Dixon) 1915‑64

Williams, Bernal A. 1915‑59, w Margaret 1933-­

Sasser, Johnny 1950‑67

Bocock, James J. 1906‑71, w Claudine (Lamb) 1912‑

Davis, Harley 1886‑68, w Julia (Vinyard) 9‑30‑89 d 9‑28‑1973

Peer, Rosier 1906‑75, w Emma E. 1913­-

Crawford, James Dale 1912‑60, w Eileen (Mills) 1916-­

Atkins, Charles Ralph 1902‑68?, w Lucille 1908­-

Castle, Don B. 1910‑, w Penny (Dillard) 1917-­

Schmitt, John Cletus 1915‑, w Mary Hilda (Rister, Heath) 1916-­

Cox, Frank 1905‑63, w May 1907‑64

Rollman, James Alfred (Butch nick‑name) 6‑9‑1882 d 5‑29‑1973

Hish, Edward L. dad 1889‑56, w mother Pearl (Brinkley) 1889‑49 s John Edward 1914-73

Hemphill, Benjamin H. 1887‑68, w Ethel (Grubbs) 1889‑

Patrick, Minnie M. 1902‑57 (mom we love you)

Stanley, Harry 1889‑56, w Maggie 1886‑63

Smith, Andrew L. 1886‑59, w Ophe?a 1881‑65

Williams, Virgil 1893‑71, w Vivian (Barnett) 1899­-

Ingleton, Joseph Luther 1897‑1976

DeBose, Lucy Goldie 1906‑75

Williams, Marion A. 1927‑72 WW 2, w Erma 1937‑, darling son Billy Jack 5-24-73 d 7-73

Morten, Frank A. 1901‑73, w Alice (Hise) 1902‑72

Davis, William Arvel 1905‑42, Marie B. 1907‑, John William 1937‑61

Wood, Clara (Heath) 1901‑65 w/o Forest d/o J. M. & Rhoda, dau Mary L. 1939‑46

Mead, Virgil 1901‑65, Marion P. 1919‑50

Henry, Raymond 1925‑57, Lucille M. (Rollman) 1912-­

Cheatham, Ollie 1893‑55

Hise, Ralph F. 4‑14‑1906, w Evelyn (Oldham) 1910‑69, dau Linda 1944‑46

Willis, Bluford C. 1888‑49, w Nellie M. 1890‑72

Jackson, Ernest W. 1894‑75, w Blanch (Rister, Collins) 1896‑, 1st wife

                                                            Conway (Collins) 1894-28

Downen, Bertis L. 1887‑69, w Freda (Rister) 1892-­

Crayne, Letha 1903‑23 d/o Albert & Docia

Moye, Willard 1889-78, w Anna Foster) 1892‑65, dau Alberta 1920‑22

Brazier, Adam 1911‑75, w Wilma 1918-­

Hise, Charity (Chapman) 1888‑27 w/o John

Smith, Clyde 1899‑39, bro Paul W. 1901‑57, w Louise (Hale) 1915-­

Smith, Frank J. 1894‑, w Minnie M. (Frailey) 1896‑54

Smith, Arvilla (Shain) 1881‑, Virgin W. Jr. 1910‑32, Howell Thomas 1912‑73

Cox, William H. 1870‑38, w Amanda 1874‑50, Logan Sr. 1901‑63, w Martha E. 1901-­

Chapman, Theodore 1884‑68, Theodola Cox 1924‑26 d/o Logan & M. E. Chapman






Jackson cemetery continued. Copied by G. M. on 8‑9‑1976. Tried to get all not included in first copy published in 1972.


Rister, Jess 1894‑197?, w Iva Leora (Brown) 1897‑34

Kimbro, John Co K 131st Ill Inf., w Mary 1843‑25

Foster, Alverson 1869‑61, w Betty (Desper) 1874‑57

Trousdale, Ora (Foster) 1896‑23 w/o Robert

Rodgers, Luther 1888‑65, w Elizabeth (Foster) 1894‑,Wm.D. 1886-33 f/o Wm.L & Bernis D.

Desper, Martin 1874‑23, James Jr. 1879‑1933, Sarah 1872‑15 wife of Martin

Kanady, Thelma (Miner) b 7‑6‑1918

Vickery, Lawrence “Vick” 1906‑, w Helen (Dillard) 1910‑75

Kaufman, Louis 1907‑56, w Agnes (Meyer) 1910‑65

Moye, Will J. 1908‑, w Eva (Miner) 1910-

­Swader, William 1877‑60, w Josephine 1884‑57


      St Joseph Catholic Cemetery located abt 1 mi SW of Ridgway Sec. 36 of North Fork Twp. This supplement contains corrections and additions not included in 1972 copy. It includes all the old markers I found on 8‑10‑76, plus most of the new, excepting only those with one or both partners still living. This high site, overlooking valley to South & East is beautiful.


Ande, Bene 1862‑95 w/o Frank?

Bunton, John A. 1850‑1926, w Louisa 1851‑88, Mary S. 1876‑23

Collins, Daniel 1874‑63, w Hattie (Ashley) 1876‑63

Beatty, William 1871‑49, w Emma 1878‑64

Colnon, John Thomas 1895‑71, w Carrie (Barter, Drone) 1902‑70

Crogan, John 1845‑1914, w Josephine (Drone) 1854‑42

Dietz, Raymond 1890‑67 WW 1, Lawrence J. 1914‑64 WW 2

Walton, Margaret 1888‑39

Wenzel, Wendel 1892‑62, G. Ed 1894‑, w Katie 1893‑, s Earl E. 1921‑ w H.

Koester, John 1897‑74, w Eleanora (Neuman) 1901‑64, Paul 1922‑58

Fromm, Anton 1883‑, w Emma (Wolter) 1889‑69, f Joseph 1821‑04, m Theresa 1841‑25

O'Leary, John H. 1888‑68, w Mary E. (Beer) 1891‑74

Luckett, Henry 1872‑55, w Rachel(Siebman) 1875‑63,ch Juliana 1909‑10, Amos L. b&d 1902

Bauer, Ray 1896‑74, w Mary C. (Fischer) 1896‑

Bauer, Frank f 1860‑17, Julia 1868‑93, Cecilia A. 1876‑48

Walton, John 1889‑, w Agnes 1884‑75

Ransbottom, Margaret 1891‑75, John 1902‑70

Mills, Thomas Aubrey 1889‑68, w Elizabeth (Febuary) 1889‑70

Drone, Joseph 1841‑96, w Mary C. 1841‑34, Martha Ethel 1883‑49

Schmitt, Will J. 1881‑69, w Anna (Hish) 1886‑70, Leo F. 1913‑65, w Alma 1918‑68

Drone, Leo L. 1889‑72, w Anna L. 1893‑, Arthur 1895‑76

Drone, Noah 1888‑, w Mary E. 1889‑67, bro Walter 1877‑35, w Fannie 1876‑64

Roe, Arthur 1888‑72, w Elizabeth 1889‑, Sam 1884‑41, w Anna (Neuman) 1887-­

Raben, Joseph H. 1858‑31, w Catherine 1860‑42, ch Josephine 1882‑43, Clement G.1891-46

Raben, Leo T. 1888‑71, w Mary Emilia 1890‑76

Valter, Arnold Joseph 1907‑74, w Ellen (Maloney) 1908-­

Wenzel, John S. 1883‑39, w Mary E. (Hish) 1893‑56, s John Wilfred 1917‑70 WW 2

Zilch, George 1894‑ WW 1, w Susan (Drone) 1897‑62

Mills, Matthew 1890‑67, w Mary Emelie (Drone) 1892‑70

Brugger, George H. 1905‑69, w Pauline (Schoeny) 1917-­

Naas, John G. 1893‑75, w Anna T. (Devous) 1893 m 1914, s Cedric 1917‑73 w R.

Schiff, Ben P. 1900‑76, w Isabelle (Bartley) 1912-­

Drone, Marion 1885‑70, w Etta M. 1886‑70

Mitsdarffer, William M. 1873‑43, w Ida M. (Neuman) 1883-­

Muensterman, John F. 1877‑70, w Mary S. (Naas) 1881‑65

Neuman, Mat 1905‑65, w Eleanor 1910-46

Baker, John 1908‑73, w Rosalie (Schmitt) 1907‑ md 1928

Fromm, George 1907‑76, md 1967 Eloise J. 1914-­

Zimmer, Andrew 1880‑63, Mary Catherine 1907‑49

Drone, Lewis R. 1899‑, w Rosalie T. (Herbert) 1902-

Drone, Amos P. 1901‑ m5‑12‑1924, Winnie M.(Doherty) 1902‑72 sis Emma Drone Hipes 1903-

Pfister, William 1879‑53, w Elizabeth 1885‑72, s Cletus 1908‑, w Ruth (Walton) 1910­-



      The remaining markers of Old Cottonwood cemetery follow. This cem. on an early N.& S. road is on a ridge, and mostly in the West side of N ½ of NE ¼ of Sec. 3 T8 R9, about 2 acres of the Reeder farm. The newer part is in the E ½ of the NW ¼, or across this old road on the Harrington farm, and much smaller. Between these, very near the old deep cut road, was the family cemetery of the Burdick family and possibly others. Reuben Burdick Sr. b abt 1790 and d 1866, his wife Elizabeth (Dinwiddy) d in 1840s. Della Burdick Moran, probably a daughter was buried there, in all there were about 5 markers and about the same number of other burial sites marked by fieldstones etc. These markers may have been covered when the cut was leveled. On 12‑20‑1873 Jobe C. Reeder deeded land on the S. Side of this NE ¼ for the Cottonwood Baptist Church of Christ. This P. B. church had a large membership in this rural area. The cem. located about ½ mile N.W. of the church (torn down about 1970), is the burial spot of most of these members. Mr. Reeder’s sons Simon and Isaac operated a blacksmith shop a short distance West of the church and Henry I. Harrington started a general store across the road from their shop in the mid 1870s. Isaac W. Reeder built a new 2 story, square, 8 room home near his shop in 1873. From the balustrade of the captains walk on the top one could see for miles.


      This house (almost identical to one built near the same time, by Rev. Simon and the long time home of R. J. Downen family, which is in use today) was for sale at $250. in 1938. The 2" by 10" floor joists and other wood in our basement plus all sub flooring and framing for the rest of our home came from it. As the virgin timberlands were cleared, some of the best knot free logs went to the saw mill, in this case oak, tulip poplar and gum. I can remember some virgin timber on Cottonwood Creek in that area, and much in Cypress where in 1914, my father chose and cut logs for an 8 horse barn from 40 acres of fine oak, gum and cypress. The owner charged very little for these and burned the rest. They would be worth a fortune today.


      I have the account book from the store above which indicates that in 1878 Mr. H. contracted with George W. Robinson to build a home. Its progress can be followed by entries as follows: rock (for foundation) $9., shingles rough lumber from Jack Hammersley saw mill, hauling siding, flooring and finishing lumber from Shawneetown and hauling brick from Norris City. Near the end were tobacco 8¼ yds quilt calico $.70 and a hat $2.75 for the plasterer. Credit of $61.63 was given in Apr. 1880 to the above mill for sawing 7638 ft. of gum lumber at $.40 per 100 board ft. and  oak, sassafras, ash and 3543 ft of walnut @ $.50.


      Dr. George W. Trafton practiced at Old Cottonwood until his death early in 1878. He was followed by Dr. L. S. Arnett. When Dr. Trafton, a Captain of Co. G 7th Ill. Cavalry, was promoted to Major, Lt. William H. Stiles took his place. These friends had long and valorous war records during the War between the States. Capt. Stiles lived in New Market, where he raised his large family, Dr. A. must have lived near the store from regularity of purchases.


      The last entry in the Harrington account book was in Apr. 1882, meanwhile Oak Grove about 2 mi. to the North and beyond Cottonwood ditch or creek was growing as a community center. When it acquired its post office in 1855 it had taken the name of Cottonwood because there was a prior Oak Grove in our state. The church and school were called Oak Grove as was the settlement in many county records for years. With a bank, lodge halls and 2 or 3 good stores, it was a busy place, however I best remember it for the fine orchards of Raymond H. Hale. Much of the county depended on the Hale orchards for peaches and apples. Besides his regular crew many others were hired for picking, grading and packing. I picked apples there twice in the mid 1920s, during the slack season prior to corn shucking. The wages, good for that time, were $3 per day if my memory is correct.


      A few families still live in Cottonwood but most everything else including the orchards is gone. They are now a part of the Hale Farms.


Mrs. Harold (Mary) West has done research and a short story on the area. Rev. T. Leo Dodd, educator, writer and historian was last pastor at old Cottonwood.





Old Cottonwood P. B. church Cemetery called Reeder or Harrington by some.

This with Book 1 (mostly an earlier generation) completes this cemetery.

Begin NW Corner of North ½, then row by row to center road or E.W. road.

Copied 9‑9‑1976 by G. M.


Simmons, Lon 1879‑67, Bertha 1880‑1919 w/o Alonzo

Moore, Charles S. 1858‑22, w Barbara 1869­-

Greer, Rev. Dewey 1898‑53, w Pearl 1900-­

Dillard, Mathew 1886‑20, w Florence 1885‑73

Merritt, Arthur 1889‑48

Ramsey, Floyd 1884‑54, w Fannie 1880‑55, Lucretia M. 1906‑08, Sylvia b&d 1920

Holland, Dwight M. 1900‑68 WW2, John M. 1871‑58, w Stella 1878‑50, infant b&d 1908

Hall, Edgar 1885‑68, w Myrtle M. 1887‑57, Thurman 1923‑59 WW 2

Hall, Simmie R. 1892‑45, Ida D. 1881‑, David 1919‑76 plastic stob with letters

Hall, Elvis husband 1906‑62, Glendola M. P.?

Stallings, 12‑19‑1892, 2 ch. Esmal 1911‑13 Glendola M. P. 1920‑25

Crunk, Hallie 1884‑50, w Elsie (Pickles) 1886‑74

Crunk, Walter 1879‑49, w Bessie (Moye) 1885‑73

Pickles, Thomas Wade 8‑8‑1918 d 12‑20‑1918

Aud, Thomas L. 1878‑52, w Ella 1875‑39, s Elvis 1900‑20

Mills, Silas 1885‑73, w Dora (Sanders) 1888-­

Downen, Harrell K. b 8‑5‑1898, w Elizabeth (Ramsey) 8‑9‑1901 d 10‑23‑72

Dillard, Carrie E. 1894‑48 small concrete almost covered, between Dicy Ann & A­-

Goforth, Floyd 1883‑60

Smith, Mae L. 1884‑1916 d/o D. R. & Nancy

Bradley, Della J. 1874‑61

Aud, Lawrence J. 1898‑75 (s/o Thomas), w Josephine 1902-­

Anderson, W. Lee 1878‑66, w Nolas H. 1883‑, s Hilas 1906‑71, w Lucille 1916‑57

Starkey, Daniel 1861‑20? w Mary 1866‑45

Carney, Virgil M. 1877‑37, w Elsie 1879‑64, Ladona 1944, Karen?

Anderson, Ernie J. 1901‑45, w Cora (Williams) 1902‑66, 3 infants William R. 1945

Murphy, Lewis A. 1863‑4? w Sidora Jane 1863‑49, s Norvin 1892‑74 w

Rister, Lura (Grumley) 1882‑69 w/o Robert, James V. 1886‑93, Ida 1898‑01 c/o R. & M.

Wilson, Therin 1907‑, w Minnie (Rister) 1905‑33

Gwaltney, Ada 1846‑76 w/o B. K.

Moore, Clarence A. 1892‑1919, w Mabel (Bell) 1895‑ (? w/o G. S. 1873‑65)

Weston, Lewis 1824‑06, w Marinda b 1845‑, dau Laura 1883‑93

Goforth, Nancy Ann 1853‑91?

Switzer, Elmer 1878‑60? w Ethel 1880‑67

Kenworthy, Monroe J. 1900‑74, w Edith B. (Switzer) 1902-­

Harrington, P.F.C. Hezekiah 5‑19‑1909 Killed in action near Rhine R. 3‑4‑45

Harrington, Leroy 1881‑70, w Fannie (Calvin) 1893‑72, w Lora (Noel) 1885‑14

Harrington, Mary E. 1861‑84, w/o John W. 1859‑07, begin NE corner of cem.

Mills, Thomas 1886‑87 s/o A. & M. E.

Henson, Walter b 10‑17‑1879 d 7‑23‑1968, wife illegible


      cross road to South Side of cem

Edwards, Joe M. 1882‑33 near f. Isom 1856‑86, Little George 1902

Grumley, John 1853‑29, w Mary J. 1853‑32 Minnie 1881‑00

Thomas, Sylvester 1901‑20 s/o W. D. & Carrie (Henson) Thomas 1882‑55

Henson, Sylvester 1857‑03, w Martha E. (Glasscock) 1859‑43

Holland, Hayward M. 1916?‑33, Mollie 1895‑68

Rodgers, Joseph d 2‑6‑1897 ages 1 y, 5 mo, 27 days s/o Dan & Margaret E.

Combs, L. R. 1863‑91, w Anna 1870‑14, flat & almost covered 2 infants

Williams, James L. 1882‑65, w Emma (Downen) 1884‑, f Alvin C. 1892‑58, w Nell 1893-28

Rister, Clara 1854‑95, Cavet 1873‑37, w Rosa E. 1874‑51

Dillard, William 1866‑194?

Moye, Albert L. 1859‑40, w Mary Z. (Carr) 1864‑51, s Ray 1891‑72, w Ann 1892‑61

Mills, Virgil A. 1856‑27, w Matilder 1858‑50, dau Mary b&d 1888

       Parilla 1875‑20 w/o Alvah, dau Inez 1900‑1913

Rodgers, Bertha 1890‑91 d/o W. & R. J.





Continued, South of E. W. center road

Old Cottonwood Cemetery, located in N. Center or near N. line of Sec. 3 T8 R9


Hicks, Ezra J 1837‑1918, w Jane R. 1854‑28

Ramsey, James 1856‑86

Bourland, Harriet 1871‑08 w/o William

McGhee, Ernest R. 1873‑37, w Katie 1881‑1919

Givens, Robert? M. 1863‑48 mkr adj William M. 1872‑53 small identical

Lemons, Martha 1870‑29

Bell, Herman 1909‑10 s/o George & Abbie, John A. 1843‑04

Bruce, John M. 1815‑86, Clinton 1867‑46, Stella (Mills) wife 1877‑62

Bruce, John B. 1857‑22, w Ella 1868‑, s Lawrence d 1889

Harris, David 1854‑00, w Celana 1866‑99, dau Izella 1886‑96, infant d 1890s

Knowles, Miles 1834‑86, w Elizabeth 1840‑93

Marx, Leslie 1903‑, w Cuma (Reeder) 1898-­

Pruitt, Thomas 1858‑99, Ida B. 1858‑95 w/o W. T.

Duty, William S. 1847‑14, w Lucy 1837‑13, Sarah Jane 1846‑74

Smith, A. Newton 1861‑23, w Malinda J. 1861‑47, f J. Wesley 1859‑02 m S. Janie 1857-37

Smith, James Adrian WW 1, Marshall E 1884‑41

Henson, Mina S. 1882‑65

Whiting, William G. Okla. Pvt. May 28‑1943, Martha A. 1856‑33

Hendrick, Henry H. father 1868‑45, mo Effie 1888‑, father Burtis 1910‑72

Stallings, John W. 1857‑35, w Martha (Downen) 1859‑14, s Elisha W. 1880‑27

Downen, Timothy C. 1888‑, w Lela 1892‑62, s R. J. 1923‑45 killed on USS Franklin

Downen, Alma 1903‑, adjoining pts R. J. & Mary

King, Carrie Downen 1881‑76 mkr covers complete grave, similar to others

Meyer, Fred 1884‑25, w Rebecca (Mills) 1886‑59, Leslie R. 1907‑09 Ivan 1913-­26

Barton, James Oscar 1902‑16, Job 1858‑13, Jackie Lee Meyer 10‑23‑1936

Cox, Alfred 1876‑06, mother Ada 1879‑56, dau Bertha 1904‑06

Williams, Dexter 1881‑34  Nellie 1886-­

Reeder, Leslie H. 1893‑71, w Mary E. married 1916 b 1898­

Crunk, Abner 1876‑31 by Robert 1851‑36 & w Mary C., Betsy 1833‑11 no mkr

Pyle, Valentine 1894‑73, w Audrey (Ramsey) 1898‑72 ch Margaret Ann 1921‑30

Pyle, Madge Hope 1925‑33

Clark, David N. 1867‑42, w Columbia A. 1868‑64, s Raymond 1892­

Ridley, Jonathan Freeman 1896‑55

Boutwell, David ?, Jane 1865‑42

Vickery, John 1854‑33, w Anna 1877‑47, dau Juanita Stratman 1913‑44

Vickery, s 12‑30‑1910 d 8‑4‑1945 killed WW 2 near Philippines

Harrington, Henry 1893‑70, w Inez 1896‑72

Mills, George M. 1855‑23 f, Ann C. mo 1857‑31, s Herbert 1883‑52, Thomas N. 1890-­

Switzer, Edgar L. 1884‑23

Starkey, John R. 1885‑71, w Ethel M. 1889­-

Williams, Lawrence 1903‑68, w ?Ethel 1905-­

Brown, Samuel L. 1882‑36, Nancy Ann 1881­-

Grumley, Rozander 1880‑54, w Florence (Rister) 1885‑67, Violet B. 1907‑09

Cox, Jonathan A. 1881‑68, w Effie E. (Murphy) 1881‑70, ch Wilma E. 1914-­11/9/1918

Cox, Willard W. s b 5‑6‑1907 d 11‑13‑1918

Brown, Alfred E. 1885‑29, w Hattie (Greer) 1889‑14, dau Blanch 1914‑16

Brown, Lora J. (Greer) 1891‑70 w/o Alfred E.

Downen, John T. 1892‑70, w Laura (Trousdale) 1892‑ newest pt W. of old rd.

Reeder, Leonard I. 1910‑, w Cleo S? 1903-­

Moye, Edward 1888‑59, w Sylvia (Downen) 1890-­

Moye, Leroy W. 1888‑67, w Minnie L. 1887­-

Holland, Otto 1892‑63, Dora J. 1892-­

Funkhouser, ? Otto 1890‑73 dad, mom Mimi 1884‑ son Claud Brown 1904‑72

Ramsey, Lawrence 1888‑72, w Lula (Henson) 1887‑67

Mobley, Mattie Henson mother 1882‑55

Crunk, Emma 1877‑60

Meyer, Dale 1913‑61, w Catherine (Anderson) 1915-­







The new addition (West of old Road) to Old Cottonwood Cem. Inscriptions.


Brockett, Curtis 1917‑61, w Genevieve 1919‑

Ramsey, Jesse C. 1895‑, w Pearl (Rister) 1897-

­Downen, Clyde 1900‑72, w Myra (Dagley) 1903-­

Mills, Lee 1921‑75, w Pactolis 1924-

Goodman, William L. 1877‑53, w Ida 1905‑76

Anderson, William R. 1921‑64 WW 2, V. ? 1928‑69

Rister, Herman 1903‑70, w Mabel 1904-

­Crunk, John D. 1886‑62, w Mary Jane 1891-­

Anderson, Paul C. 1928‑71 w Loretta V. 1932-­

Anderson, Herman 1920‑, w Muriel 1921-


This completes inscriptions


      The Perkins family cemetery, located on the West sand hill near the South side of the W ½ of NW ¼ of Sec. 36 T7 R9, was another case of a cemetery being isolated when the cross country road to New Haven was straightened to its present location. George M. Edwards 1904‑75, a short time before his death, told me that many years before, a neighbor the elderly John Perkins, told him that his parents were buried there. A check of my records shows that a Stephen Perkins bought this tract from U.S. Govt. in 1819. He must have died prior to 1836, for in that year a widow, Margaret Perkins bought the 40 East of cemetery. This tract also had an unusual sand hill. She was living in 1860 with one of the two adjoining Perkins families, the census listing her age as 72. Stephen was listed as family head in 1830, she in 1840. Many Indian tools and arrow‑heads have been found on these hills now owned by Willard Murphy. The cemetery has long been farmed over.


      Of the more than 8400 names and inscriptions, combined here in books one and two, I recall only 6 death inscriptions prior to 1821. Three of these were in 1814, Alexander Wilson age 48 (the Shawneetown ferry operator) in Westwood, William Crenshaw b 1774, of Hickory Hill and Oliva Jones White d Oct. 1 at age of 26 yr & 10 mo. Equality City Cemetery. She and Captain Leonard White were married in Logan County Ky. in June of 1812. Even though a special effort has been made to find and decipher markers for the graves of Gallatin County's earliest settlers, few have been found though records show that many died during these early days of our settlement.


      In this, the bi‑centennial year of our Country's Declaration of Independence, ­I must mention a few of those who fought to make that independence possible. Several of these later settled in Gallatin County. Of Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Illinois, Mrs. Harriet J. Walker in 1917 mentions twelve believed buried in Gallatin County. Most were pensioned. They were William Abney served from Va., William Allen b. Pa. enlisted from N.C., Stephen Boutwell of Va., Greenbury Choate also of Va., John Duff aided Gen. Geo. Rogers Clark and said to be buried near Island Ripple Ford, Abner Foster of Mass., Bennett Hancock of Va., Wilson Anderson of Chester Co. S.C., John Lamb of N.C., James Norton also from Va., Gen. Thomas Posey mentioned earlier as among first burials at Street's later called Westwood Cemetery, William Sutton also of Va., Robert West of Bertie Co. N.C. applied for a pension from Gallatin as did John Shadowen or Thadowen at age 85 in 1840. For more information as to service etc. see Mrs. Walker's book.

      From Gallatin County records and other sources we find that the appraisers of William Abney's estate in Dec. 1835 were Willis and Herman Stricklin and John Garner. Abner Abney was the admin. that made payments for services to Elias, William, Michael and Joshua Abney. At this time Saline Co. was a part of Gallatin.

      Stephen Boutwell came to this county from Christian Co. Ky. and entered in 1817 the E ½ of NW ¼ of Sec. 8 of Gold Hill Twp. Born in 1753 he died in 1835 and is buried in Old Bradley Cemetery on above tract as noted in book one.










      Gallatin County as the home and burial place of those who served in the revolution.


      Green Choate signed petition in 1782, asking N.C. to relinquish its claim to the E. Tenn. counties, which were trying to form the short-lived state of Frankland or Franklin. He later lived in SW part of Gallatin.

      Bennett Hancock's will was proved in Apr. 1833. He left his property to his widow Milly for her lifetime, except if she remarried, to her 1/3 and balance to her children and his children. Another exception was a small bay horse given me by the Methodist Society, which shall be sold and proceeds, returned to the Society for purpose of spreading gospel.

      Wilson Henderson was a minister of the gospel too, he may have been the W. Anderson referred to earlier since both were listed as born Chester Co. S.C. 1758?. Henderson's pension address was listed as Equality. He performed many marriage ceremonies there and in the present Saline County area during the days of our early statehood.

      Joseph McCool b. about 1750 in S.C. was another veteran who spent his last days in Gallatin County. I had a letter of inquiry from one of his descendants a few weeks ago, as to his burial site. He died during the mid 1820s, a period during which few permanent markers were used in this area. I know, however, that many more were used than have been found. This family probably lived West of Old Shawneetown. Joseph served as Juryman in 1815, Abraham in 1814. Children were Abraham, William, Polly Ann and Thomas.

      Charles Donaway a Va. soldier lived in Shawneetown area. Francis Farley Sr. b in Chesterfield Co Va. served as Juryman in the Ill. territorial court at Shawneetown in 1814 and died there in 1829. In 1817 William Roark of Gallatin Co, and Martin Roark of Muhlenberg Co. Ky. made a deed recorded in Book A. William a veteran was b. 1760, d 1841 and is buried at Cottage Grove Cem. in Saline County near Southern Ill. Community College. He has a marker. The same book records the sale of 160 acres of land, by William McCoy to John Emmett of Pickaway Co. Ohio. Emmett was a private in Md. Line, b 1759 and died 1847, a resident of Gallatin County. The deed was dated 11‑7‑1818.

      For more detailed information on most of these veterans see, Soldiers of the Revolution buried in Illinois, published a few years ago by the ILLINOIS STATE GEN. SOCIETY. It contains several hundred names of those who lived in or were buried in Illinois. Many of these were pensioned, others failed to get or lost their pensions because they could not prove 6 months service. It seems that many enlisted or were drafted for a short period of time to meet a threatened invasion or for one engagement. After the threat of the battle was over, they drifted back home, to await the next.

      After the Revolutionary War, Kentucky received many new settlers. Many of these had been soldiers in that war. Some of these had grants of Ky. land for military service. There were also those who had chosen the losing or loyalist side in the war and were now seeking a new start. Most of both groups became good citizens. Most of the new settlers were from Va., with a few from her neighbors on the North. In 1792, 23 years after Daniel Boone’s first trip to Kentucky, she gained statehood. Tennessee became a state in 1796, gaining most of its new settlers from the Carolinas.

      The tide continued to move West and it was from those seeking new home sites and opportunities or the overflow from these states, mainly Ky., that Gallatin County received most of its first settlers. The Federal census of 1810 lists 235 males over 16 in the U.S. Saline‑Shawnee Town area. Of these, 23 were over 45 years of age or within age range for Rev. service, but only J. McCool and Pierre Moulin are identified as having served. The latter is said to have joined the George Rogers Clark Army from one of the French settlements. Others said to have been a part of Gen. Clark's army who later lived in Gallatin County were Dan Curtin and Boston Daimwood.










ZION Cemetery Supplement: (Balance in Vol. 1) Inscriptions from more recent markers in general. This cemetery located South of Elba. Well cared for from donations by those interested. Copied on 5‑1‑77 by Mr.& Mrs. Obert Anderson & Mrs. Mildred Booten.

Francis, Harry 1892‑67 w Ruth E. 1893‑68

Banks, Elsie 10‑1?‑1886 d 11‑19‑1918

Styan, Ester 1818‑1928 d/o W. H. & Emmer Lewis

Allen, W. Evert 7‑31‑1894 4‑28‑1920 d 1917 infant son of W.E.& Alta

Etherton, Fulton 1868‑1950 w Minnie 1870‑54 dau Alta 1897‑30

Hughey, Thomas J. 1863‑48 Mollie E. 1863‑37

Garrison, Susie 9‑25‑1894 d 19?4 Clarence 1915‑1918 s/o O. B. & Susie

Miller, Joe G. 1868‑1920, Lue 1872‑27 John Thomas 1904‑70, Clarence 1912-14

McCluskey, John E. 1858‑1914 Elisabeth 1863‑1943

McCluskey, Henry 1885‑1968 w Grace 1896‑1918

Dobell, Laura E. 2‑9‑1844 d 11‑23‑1933 David G. 1878‑16, & ? 11‑30‑1946 d 12-2-1925

Scott, Harry E. 1872‑67, Annie 1872‑1919

Scott, William Ford 1901‑ Mary Edith 1902‑1930

Henderson, Silas W. 11‑18‑1850 d 1927 nephew. Sherman 1878‑26 w Elizabeth 1880-1930­

Hill, Alonzo 1887‑48 w Ora 1880‑1920 infant no dates

Gross, James W. 1887‑50 w Effie D. 1895‑61 Robert A. 1892‑60 w Clarissa 1895-56

Ramsey, W. E. 4‑15‑1864 d 11‑4‑44 w Nannie J. 3‑10‑1873 d 1917

Jones, David M. 1868‑1940 w Cassie 1880‑1925

Harrelson, James P. 1879‑1921 w Dora J. 1879‑26

Zirkelbach, Mabel M. mother 1908‑1939

Kimbro, Clara Harrelson 1877‑56 s John William 1899‑35 dau Hester Frazier 1909-34

McDaniel, Roy 1897‑69 w Pearl (Cox) 1897‑27

Ashley, Alfred father 1861‑40 Mattie mo 1867‑43 son Fred 1888‑1935

Karns, Viola 1‑15‑1877 d 2‑22‑1898 w/o A. N. dau Winnie 1‑14‑1894 d 97

Etherton, Paul 8‑15‑1896 d 3‑8‑1897, Infant b&d 1902 ch/o E. Fulton & M.

Maxel, Thurman 1889‑08 Esther d 2‑11‑1889 1mo 7days, Charles d 1890 7yr ch/o C.H&M.E.

Powell, Maud 8‑11‑1880 d 7‑27‑1903

Edwards, Nancy d 1‑23‑1890 age 75 y 6 m w/o James

Yost, Nellie E. 2‑25‑1862 d 8‑25‑1890 w/o W. C. dau Nellie 3mo 5da

Heatherly, Nancy Adeline 11‑19‑1849 d 2‑27‑1885

Tate, Thomas J. 4/17/183? 12/26/1875 Elizabeth 1837‑1910, T. Edwin 12/1/1870 5/17/1873

      Joseph W. 1843‑17, w Emma 1857?, wife Margaret 3‑20‑1844 3‑11‑1873

      Robert 9‑20‑1851 d 11‑25‑1877

Ashley, W. Thomas 6‑16‑1867 10‑16‑1895, Mattie T. 1‑19‑1868 10‑15‑1907

Yost, Ammer 1851‑81 w/o William F., Dau Nellie 10‑8‑72 8‑31‑75, Lizzie E. 1870‑76

      John 1840‑1920, w Mary E. 1844‑21, s Joel d 1872 2y,

      Lillian F. 11‑26‑1865 d 8‑15‑1889 w/o C. T.

Parks, Napoleon Alexander 5‑20‑1854 4‑15‑1880 s/o Ambrose & Nancy 1828-23

Matherly, Gladys 4‑29‑1906 d 6‑29‑1910 ch/o W.T. & J.M., Mary J.1869‑71

          Cora Idella b 9‑18‑1875 d 4‑20‑1880

Lewis, William 1811‑76, w Elizabeth 1820‑90, William 1851‑93, w Emmer 1858‑27 dau.

       Nellie b 9‑26‑1880 d3‑16‑1881, Goldie 3‑11‑1888 12‑3‑06 w/o David

Barker, Elizabeth 1‑10‑1856 d 4‑8‑1898 wife of W.H., son Walter E. 1879‑81

Butler, Ch/o W.K.& C., Charles, 12‑9‑74 12‑23‑1874,Eddie 1879‑81, Alice 1879 1m

Bain, Riley M. d 1‑5‑1873 age 67y 1m 14d, Lizzie 1864‑07 d/o R. W. & M. E.

McMurtry, W. H. 3‑14‑1850 9‑11‑76 s/o T. H. & Martha

Ashley, Margaret Ann 1846‑73 w/o E. M., Nannie d 1‑3‑1870, s Larkin 1870-92­

Goss, Sarah A. 1806‑71 mo/o P. & T. Goss, James M. 4‑2‑1852 12‑24‑91

Bowling, Jasper Ralph 9‑26‑1903 d 9‑15‑1904 a/o Edwin & Carrie

McKelligott, John b Mt. Kerry Ire., 1818 d 1899 w Susan b Tenn. 1817 d 1899 down

             Ellen b Sh‑ 1852‑04, dau Margaret 1861‑97, Ellen 1852‑04

             Maurice 1887‑90 s/o John & Alice, & s Raymond 1890‑?97

Tucker, Nancy E. 1815‑72 w/o T

Lewis, Emily 9‑21‑1879 3‑16‑1881 d/o D. M. & Lucy, Essie 1886‑1914

Leithliter, Martha D. 3‑25‑1847 8‑25‑1885

Scott, Lillian 5‑22‑1899 12‑3‑1903 d/o Harry & Annie

Proctor, John J. 3‑26‑1813 d 10‑24‑89 w Susan 1815‑92 Frank d 1902 at 2m

Head, Nettie May 10-8‑1879 d 2‑11‑1901 w/o Pete

Webb, Burl 6‑19‑1884 d 9‑2‑1901 s/o W. H. & C. S.






Morten, Sabia 10‑28‑1895 9‑15‑1896 & Andrew b&d 9‑5‑18?2 ch/o Charles & MA

Dillard, Matilda C. 2‑27‑1859 d 9‑17‑98, Margaret A. 1881‑1882

Mitchell, Urie 1893‑95 s/o F. H. & M. E., first part and remainder S. side road

Reynolds, William T. 1871‑46 w Lillie M. 1878‑1965

Stallings, Ben T. 1890‑64 w Ella J. 1889-­

Bourland, Billy Joe 4‑26‑1871 2‑19‑1872

Lewis, Atha 8‑29‑1876 8‑12‑43 w Lizzie 10‑15‑1876 7‑8‑1927, David M. 1911-22

Lewis, Essie 10‑21‑1886 d 2‑1‑1914: David M. 1886‑69 w. Radie 1885­-

Sloan, Josie Hudgins 2‑23‑1873 d 1‑8‑1959

Sloan, Warren 1870‑1944 w Eva 1872‑47, John M. 1836‑1919 w Alice 1844-1918­

Hudgins, James Ernest 8‑20‑1891 5‑13‑1914 s/o MR. & Mrs. E. S.

Smith, Merinda E. 1835‑1923 balance no mkrs, from Newspapers etc.

Bowling, Jasper b 1834 KY d 1908 f/o Rev J. M. of Sh‑ & Rev. Edwin R. News

Garrett, Martin 1845‑1905 brother in law of J. M. Sloan, Mary F Kingston 1844-82

Tate, Nancy 1821‑02, Bozarth, Jane 1837‑02 of TB


      The following Hedger burials at Danner Cem. about 3/4 mi. NE of Elbe Sect. 15 T8 R8 No mkrs. Mary Ann 22 James William 20, Andrew J. 14, David abt. 90 these 4 in 1880, 1881 Adam age 41, 1884 P. W. 21 md, 1902 David 36 md. Also Martha Emily Flahardy b 1863 d 1903 w/o Joseph, Hendrix, Eliza b 1840-­02


      Elmwood located about 1/2 mile N. W. of Equality, near intersection of State Route #13 and #142 is one of Gallatin County's newer cemeteries. This supplement, with the 1 1/2 pages in Vol. 1, almost completes this cemetery. Copied 5‑6 & 5‑12 of 1977


Gossett, Charles E. 1882‑1940 w Mary E. (Bunker) 1884‑76

Cloud, John E. 1865‑47, w Frances O. 1867‑47

Self, George D. 1882‑72, Myrtle 1890‑16 WW 1 9‑29‑1918

Ferrell, John G. 1852‑37, w Mary M. 1859‑51, s Horace M. killed in action

Maas, Moses Quincy 1878‑31 w Hallie (Davis) 1883‑65

Davis, T. A. 1849‑36, w Sarah Elizabeth 1850‑16

Sutton, Walter 1873‑21 w Gertrude (Davis) 1879‑64

Breckenridge, John K. 1875‑38 w Nan (Davis) 1875‑45

Smith, Frank E. 1867‑33 w Nellie (Davis) 1872‑57

McEvoy, Lucy 1878‑72 brother William 1886‑75

DeMaris, Joe 1894‑75 Corporal in World War #1

Sisk, Sam 1888‑57 w Mary 1888?‑41

Fowler, George C b 1896 killed in West Side mine acc 1920,w Ethel (Dixon) 1898‑77

Fowler, s Maurice 1916‑1918, Julia E. 1863‑30

Cushman, Grover 1888‑1919 (Equality baker died of Typhoid)

Smith, Charles W. 1848‑1918 w Margaret T. V. 1859‑40 s‑in‑law

Burtis, John F. 1869‑22 w Ella (Smith) 1880‑41

Rodgers, Archibald ? Vet of 5th TN Cav next Mother 1858‑1914?

Donnahoe, William A. 1874‑33, Margaret 1873‑191?7, Robert 1909‑11 Ralph 1899‑63

Donnahoe, Edwin 1902‑25, sister 1880‑40

Brown, Bonnie R. Rodgers 1885‑63, s James F. ? stob d 1977 at 69, Myrtle ?

Bybee, Mollie E. (Hargrave) 11‑15‑1864 ? s Charles

Turns, Harvey P. 1880‑46

Milligan, William P. 1919‑59 WW2

Cooper, Nancy 1859‑39 Isaac 1894‑62 WW1

Davenport, Robert C. 1884‑41 w Mamie ? no mkr

Davenport, Albert 1859‑37 Frances 1877‑33, Ida 1902‑31

Frohock, John Henry 1871‑32 Lucretia M. 1877‑55

Votaw, Lela Rodgers 1889‑61 s Al 1906‑56 dau Donna McGuire 1913‑72

Davis, Leon 1893‑61 w Minnie (Gross) 1899‑77

Turner, Andrew, Susie, Reese, Isaac, Howard, Jack

Syers, Charles W. 1893‑53 Ruth Crest 1898‑44?

Crest, George F. 1866‑49   Rebecca E. ? 1867‑54, Frank 1877‑61

Brinkley, George E. 1880‑69, Sarah J. 1885‑46, Martha A. Colbert 1886‑65







Davis, Reuben 1896‑63

Sisk, Cecil H. 1906‑75, Reba 1908-

Klaffer, Mathew 1901‑75, Julia E. 1904‑43

Bibb, George 1859‑47, Elizabeth 1879‑76

Burroughs, Earl 1904‑72

O'Nan, Ella 1871‑45

Jones, Fred 1886‑68, John 1893‑74 stob

Miller, Sam 1870‑45, Ettie 1875‑47, Virgil 1895‑62, Mary L. 1899‑72

Wood, Elizabeth 1896-­

Smith, William J. 1898‑47, md 1926, Frances E. 1904‑72, James R. 1932‑57

Wooley, G. L. 1860‑49 Daisy 1884‑56 (Velma 1936)

Sisk, Velma Wooley 1915‑73

Houston, Jim 1866‑45, Rebecca 1876‑68

Jennings, Ella mother 1883‑73, Elven? 1922‑45  WW2

Holland, George W. 1878‑50, Emma R. 1882‑66, Edward 1914‑53 WW 2

Kanady, Raymond 1895‑71, Ethel 1898‑43?

Blankenship, Charles J. 1874-51, Carrie 1881‑58

Houston, James A. father 1895‑50, Mary Houston Montgomery 1918‑69

Hays, Charles 1876‑57, Rofina 1886‑52, east side and so. of South Road

Kitchens, John T. 1921‑50  WW2

O'Neil, James J. 1882‑51, John H. 1904-­ Marie 1904-62

Krikie, John W. 1924‑52 WW 2 son James F.

Clary, William E. 1897‑63, Pauline 1910-­

Haney, Elijah R. 1905‑75, Alpha E. 190?7-, Billy Joe 1935‑52

Dunn, Ernest 1890‑67, Ina May 1893-­

Vickery, Velma d 1972 aged 68?   Near South line of border.

Baker, Hildred 1916‑, w Katie M. 1919‑76

Smith, Joe F. 1909‑67, Eva M. 1916-­

Monroe, James F. 1905‑66, Gracie M. 1915-­

Hopper, Claud 1895‑60, Adah 1900-­

Helton, Jackie Duff 1942‑50, Otis 1892‑62 md 1916? Dina 1899-­

Kingston, Jess A. 1901‑197?, w Jennie 1897‑49, Laura A. 1903-­

Brown, Walter J. 1890‑66 WW 1

Holland, George Val 1908‑76 WW 2 & Korea

Jennings, Ella 1883‑73 mother

Certain, Samuel T. 1915‑62 WW 2, William L. 1913‑72

Meadows, Alvie 1913‑49 WW 1 Carrie 1894­-

Dempsey, William J. 1909‑74, Mary E. 1913‑74

Watson, Charley 1885‑76, Laura 1881‑55

Barnard, Allen A. 1869‑56, Kate 1877‑52          South part half done

Kaufman, John E. 1892‑52, w Annie L (McHenry) 1895‑78

Glover, Dan 1874‑52, Lucy 1890-­

Randolph, Milo 1883‑46, Nettie 1884‑62

Sweat, Cecil E. 1892‑72?, w Nellie M. 1893‑74, Thomas 1893‑65?

Bunker, Marjorie Gray 1899‑1916

Herald?, John E. 1881‑11, killed in E. side mine acc, w Josie 18?1‑48

Womack, John H. 1872‑60, Sarah 1879‑53

Robinson, Adam 1868‑44, Sally 1879‑50, Harry 1908‑68



Began copying on N.E. Corner and North to South.


Wood, John T. 1871‑1928, Ida 1875‑53

Allen, John L. father 1861‑08, Ida M. mother 1875‑53

Wilkinson, Walter 1884‑46, w Cora 1882‑64, Byford 1919‑74

Little, Hallie May 1911‑77

Rittenbery, Clinton d 1869?, Samuel D. d 1873 s/o Thomas J. & Julia

Wood, Lawrence 1876‑48, Alice 1876‑52





Supplement to Vol. 1 on Poplar cemetery. Continued

Omaha Twp W. end center S 31.

Swader, Harold 1912‑72 Rethel 1912‑, Jess 1887‑65 Pearl 1893‑60

Wood, Earl 1910‑76 Hanna 1909-64?

Unthank, John 1904‑ Bessie M. 1904‑66, Tom 1902‑63, Katie 1904‑61

Unthank, George W. 1886‑67 Gertrude 1886‑59

Camp, Ralph W. 1890‑42, Lula 1895‑60

Davis, James 1886‑33, Sarah E. 1889­-          begin 5th row


Teegardin, Oscar H. 1862‑40 Effie 1881‑46

Behrick, Marion E. 1894‑72, Gertrude 1905-­

Green, John W. 1853‑36, Lydia 1852‑22

Flanders, Judge Harry J. 1896‑68, md 1934 Bernice Porter 1903­

Reeder, Andy 1866‑42                                      

Green, James L. 1861‑43, w Sarah 1873‑56?, George B. 1861‑49, Lucy Ashley 1893?‑65

Hedger, Otis 1888‑61, w Anna C. 1888‑63, David Michael 1939-­

Wettaw, Preston 1885‑ w Margaret A. 1883‑1919

Eaton, George W. 1840‑05 John E. s/o L. B. & J.

Mathias, Fred 1880‑46 w Florence M. 1884‑ infant b&d 1908

Cooper, Charles E. 1869‑1875 s/o J. & G. 3 other similar

McFadin, Leora 1875‑93 Noah A. 1882‑84 ch/o G. & J.

Green, Jane 1831‑98 Rosa A. d 1865 age 25 w/o William A.

Gwaltney, Jasper 1849‑60 s/o J. R. & E.

Endicott, Ellen 1871‑96 w/o C. O. 2 ch Earl b&d 1890 Annie 1890‑95

Garris, John 1885‑03 s/o R. B. & C. P.

Stayton, Paul M. b&d 1907 s/o F. J. D. & L. E.

Hausser, Arthur G. 1885‑64 w Bertha W. 1889‑69 near center

Funkhouser, Beaulah 1902‑34 James E. 1934‑65

Tucker, Elizabeth 1890‑61 Clara Tucker Pritchard 1888‑57

Wilson, Kenneth 1903‑ 1‑30‑1971 w Etha Riley 9‑25‑1905 2‑1‑1971

Endicott, f Marshall 1874‑61 mo Minnie 1876‑64 Doil? 1897 Don 1900 w Jane 1910

Lindell, John W. 1865‑31 w Florence M. 1872‑56

Shorb, Charles R. 1889‑71 Susie N. 1889‑32 Hannah 1890‑63

West, Lula 1876‑57 Emma 1883‑1919

Wilcox, John 1856‑88 Martha A. Wilcox Kennedy 1856‑42

Gwaltney, Marion 1848‑09, w Nancy 1849‑17, William 1867‑87 s/o F. M. & M.

Bennett, Anna L. 1868‑95

Wise, Hiram 1877‑78 & William b&d 1879 ch/o T. C. & M.

Mounce, Lula D. 1881 1y & 1mo d/o H. G. & N.

Smith, Hannah Nave 1848‑32

Gwaltney, Larkin G. 1854‑1918 w Phebe 1857‑93

Bivins James O. 1871‑14 w Lorena F. 1872‑58

Wettaw, Henry 1859‑13 w Emma 1860‑47: Fred 1887‑64 w Hettie 1891‑63

Wettaw, Virgil 0. 1881‑44 w Della E. 1884‑76?

Hausser, Mirom W. 1902‑ w Pauline 1904‑73

Wettaw, John E. 1883‑71 w Ada 1888-­

Hamilton, Charles Gaines 1898‑53 Anna Reeves 1899‑ Lanna ? 1889‑53

Gulley, T. W. 1855‑23

Mathias, John F. 1892‑65 w Grace Hamilton 1895‑21 baby Grace 1921

Wilson, William T. 1867‑30 w Ada M. 1872‑61 Charles H. 1904‑40 May 1907?‑34

Wilson, Emily D. 1839‑24 Clint C. 1849‑1918?

Wills, Philip W. 1909‑70 Ethel Y. 1911-­

Eaton, Robert M. 1892‑63 WW 1, John N. 1888‑59 w Alma 1897‑70

Beasley, Arthur 1879‑ Minnie H. 1887-­

Eaton, Joseph E. 1886‑74 married 1908 Edna P. 1892-­

Carr, Leonard R. 1893‑59 w Anna V. 1895‑76

Overton, Silas A. 1881‑63 w Ida B. 1884‑54 Thomas W. 1894‑18 Verner 1891-1914

Patton, Ernest H. 1898 ­­w Lola A. 1900‑59 infant b&d 1929

McDaniel Murray E. 1887‑38 w Fern A. 1891-

Riley, Herman H. 1894‑77 WW1 w Ada Bernice 1892‑76

Brush, M. H. 1860‑22 w Mira A. 1858‑13

Wilkinson, Charles F. 1857‑22 w Lodema 1869‑1914





THAT COPIED IN 1958, which appeared in Vol. ONE. A ridge in fertile valley,


Nash, John 1858‑20 w Mary E. 1863‑48

Wilkinson, Aron N. 1855‑26 w Carrie 1876‑04 w Ada? 1893

Nash, Adelia 1867‑1875 d/o Jess? & Elizabeth

Griffith, Mabel Nash 1887‑14

Harris, G. M. 1882‑02

Cox, Nancy ?1864 add. Geo. broken, next illegible

Smith, Buck 1839‑0? , John 1806‑?

Nash, Samuel 1833‑72

Tucker, Jas. 1862‑95, Louise 1865‑06

Brown, Laura 1833‑02

Williams, Simon A. 1854‑89, Sarah 1856‑23

Davis, Robert 1828‑92, Susan 1833‑90, Levi 1861‑22, w Florence 1866‑37?

McReynolds, Alfred 1884‑91 s/o E.N. & S.A., N?olda? 1868‑1923 both concrete

Funkhouser, Mary a. 1874‑58 mother

Swader, Walter 1881‑789, Lucy 1853‑09 w/o Thomas

Cox, Alvin 1874‑56, w Ida 1874‑44: Minnie 1894‑95

Cox, Mary 1827‑1911 w/o William C.

Mounce, Daniel? 1868‑00

Vessel, George E. 1880‑, w Kate L. 1884‑17

Wilson, Joseph N. 1860‑29, w Mary E. 1859‑13

Maloney, John F. 1892‑35 WW 1, w Minnie 1896‑1918

Boyd, Lovina A. 1869‑96

Overton, C. E. 1885‑09, w Maud 1886‑09 children Freda & Earl

Overton, Oval O. 1892‑65 w Kate L. 1892‑ Ernest 1921‑22

Johnson, Jobie A. 1881‑45 Clara 1895­

Treadway, John Wesley 1889‑ w Eliza Unthank 1891‑50

Heath, Thomas A. 1888‑59 father

Davis, Louie E. 1894‑72 md 1917, Nellie 1897-

Wilson, Jess M. 1853‑32, w Fannie 1853‑49, Everett 1897‑33, Ezra 1877-40

King, Daniel M. 1880‑47, w Flora 1880‑68, Clyde E. 1901‑67

Walters, Manard F. 1881‑53 w Eula M. 1911­

Trout, Clement N. 1889‑75 W Lela E. 1893‑71

Tison, R. L. 1858‑94

Nave, W. F. 1854‑4? w Olive 1858‑34 s Henderson 1894‑14

Plumlee, William A. 1883‑59, w Mabel M. 1889‑74

Bickel, John F. 1835‑17, Fred J. 1864‑50, w Alice 1886‑66

Jones, Stephen W. 1871‑37, w ?Lillie M. 1882‑60 Paul Edwin 1903‑51

Carpenter, A. Raymond 1863‑17, Grace 1866‑, Clayton E. 1879‑1919 Minnie

Williams, James 1863‑ 37, w Mary L. 1862‑50, Walter 16 U.S. Inf. 1884-­

Upchurch, Minnie w/o S.B. In NW Corner.

Reeder, Simon 1836‑03

Funkhouser, George T. 1875‑55

Bright, Gus 1857‑23 w Juliet 1867‑1918

Hamilton, Wright 1860‑41, w Flora 1863‑02 end




      Due to the fact that families, communities and burial grounds often had no county line barriers, some cemeteries outside but near the Gallatin County border on the South and West are here copied. Those on the North have been published in White County Cemeteries. Begin with the Dutton Cem. about 1 mi S. of county line and near S. side of Sec.2 T11 R9 of Rock Creek Twp. It was about 1/4 acre, fenced and well cared for. I was told, by Allen Rowland 1875‑1970, of an older Dutton Cem. to the West of or between this cem. and St Route #1. This area was timbered and grown up and outside the Rutherford cattle pasture where I found the first.


Dutton, Rosa 1873‑98 w/o C.H., Elmer b Hardin Co. 1869 d 1891 s/o A.W. &

Dutton, Andrew W. 1845‑08, w Nancy C. 1844‑07, 8 James S. 1867‑92, Nancy







Dutton, Reverend W.E. 1880‑62, Kate 1880‑46, Guy s/o W.E.& C.P.

Dutton, Garland 1911‑32, James Gordon Dutton 1905‑1916

Millikan, Eathel 1917‑47, husband Alex‑? Modean no dates

Hooven, Gertrude 1914‑39, Ronald Dean infant son of H ‑‑? Hooven

Rowland, Allen 1875‑1970, w Margaret 1876‑37, W.L. 1887‑1918

Grace, Dan

Pritchard, Rev J. C. 1861‑07  on left next

Monroe, Mary J. Aunt Molly

Russell, Hosea?

Millikan, Vernon 1944‑49, A. D. 1930‑32 sons of A.E. & Essie

Dutton, Viola b&d 1893

Garland, Rhoda 1872‑94 w/o William

Oxford, Leta C. 1891‑27 mother

Jerrells, Ben military marker 9‑20‑1928 Pvt. 1st Class Medical Dept end


Mathews Cemetery on Right side of T road, SE 1/4 Sec.11 T11S R8E about 1/3 acre, Hardin County, the name of Cemetery at entrance, on ridge.


Lawrence, John B. 1821‑1905, w Matilda 1831‑71, mo Agnes 1‑29‑1779 d 1869

Patton, Andrew 1805‑66 mkr down

Robertson, Frank 1894‑67, Ula 1896‑61, Oral 1926‑62 WW 2 marker

Hall, Benjamin 1856‑95, w Margaret 1858‑27 on south side sharp drop‑of

Moore, William b 5‑12‑1848 d 5‑21‑1925, Henry J. 1865‑29

Grace, James R. 1885‑35 (sandstone on left 3 feet away)

McCord, Mason M. 1864‑32, w Alice D. 1869‑32, son Cave 1886‑1906

Hale, Laura E. 1889‑91 d/o Alvin & E. Hale, this & balance enclosed iron fence

Williams, T. L. 1829‑07, w Margaret 1840‑10, Elsie 1878‑89 d/o T. L. & H. F.


This and the next two cemeteries are located 6 or 7 miles west of Dutton.


      McPherson Cemetery, as it is listed on all except more recent maps, is located about 3/4 mi. S. of county line near line between Sections 1 and 2. It is in T11S R8E or Monroe Twp. It is sometimes called Black Cemetery but usually referred to as Love Cemetery and is in Hardin County. 2‑22‑1977


Love, Loren W. 1891‑, w Hattie Paris 1893‑14, Lorene b&d 1922

Tinsley, Cattie 1867‑71, Martha b&d 1874, s J.J.A. 1866‑67, ch/o E.S. & M.T.

Love, Marion J. 1888‑08, pts Allen Edmond 1858‑32, w Mary Jane 1852‑25

Love, John Allen 1877‑63, James T. 1888‑65, Olive 1894‑69

Hutchinson, Lydia Ann 1812‑84 w/o John

Vinyard, Charles F. 1868‑1962, w Martha 1875‑1915, s William A. 1896‑1910

Love, Sylvester B. 1880‑61 Ollie D. 1885

Sparks, Jenett 5‑8‑1857 10‑10‑1858 dau/o J.M.& S.A.

Jarrell, Thomas J. 1854‑20, 4 fieldstones in this area

Graham, Sanford B. 1844‑99

Collins, Cecil T. 1887‑1976, w Margaret A. 1885‑41 (begin oldest part)

McPherson, Robert d 3‑25‑1857 in 69th year, w Jennie 1788‑68, s Thomas A.1821-86­

Patton, E. E. 1856‑, M.O. 1855‑1911

Love, Lewis 1827‑61, w Martha 1820‑07, ch. Zanthus 11‑3‑1859 d 3‑28‑1861

Love, Ollie S. b&d 1889 age 6 mo s/o A.E. & Mary Jane

Coghill, Joel 1816‑1904, w Kittie M. 1812‑80, s Thomas A. 1842‑60, s Robert 1843-56­

         s. Feeling H. 1847‑65, John W. 1850‑86, Mary M. 1874‑75 d/o J W & S I?

         George W. b&d 1881 s/o J.W. & S.I., Mary 1885‑86 d/o J.M. & C.I?

Miles, Robert N. 1852‑22, w Elizabeth 1855‑33, ch Nora E. 1900‑21, Mary E. 1881-59

       Martha S. 1887‑93

Patton, Pearlie O. 1899‑24 Margaret B. 1905‑24?, Charles 1896‑24, Allen 1901‑38

        Watson 1870‑48, Sarah Jane 1875‑58, 35 to 40 field stones this area.

Black, James R. 1854‑27, w Manlinda 1852‑99, Mima 10‑11‑1881 ‑1894

Robertson, G. W. 1862‑39 dbl mkr M.N. 1867­

Daymon, Mary C. d 11‑2‑1886 age 25 y 8 m & 22 d wife of A. E.






Love, Ezra 1908‑50, s Estell Lee d on day of birth in 1935

Black, Samuel B. 1857‑1915, Nancy J. 1861‑35, Arza b&d 1920, s/o Charlie

       & Louella, brother Woodrow 1913‑37, Hattie 1900‑Ol, Hester b&d 1898

       John H. 1809‑72, Jonah 1814‑99, W.E. 1882‑83 several field stones.

       William 1849‑26, Margaret 1852‑08, Ola 1907‑63 w? Nannie 1913-­

       Everett 3‑27‑1905 d 5‑15‑1971, Dorothy 2‑29‑1924

       George W. 1838‑01, w Mary L. 1857‑, s William M. 1879‑54?

       J.A. 1873‑90 s/o G.W. & M.L, Samuel 1874‑43, Ollie 1875‑24 f‑ home mkrs

Grace, Roy Sr. 1898‑63, Mary D. 1905‑ oak stob?

Lackey, A. L. 1869‑90 w/o Joseph

Davis, W. D. 1860‑23, w Flora A. 1861‑87, w Mary L. 1853‑1917 SE corner

       David 1882‑83, John W. 1881‑82, sons of W.D & F.A.?

Porter, Mary E 1870‑99 w/o G.W.

Waters, Margaret 1837‑77 w/o C.P.

Frizzell, Allen 1861‑1918 father, Eliza 1866‑28 mother, Mildred 1896‑22 dau.

Sutton, Raymond 1899‑08, Hattie 1897‑98 ch/o G. B. & Victoria

Grace, John C. 1888‑64 metal stob, adjoining

Black, A. W. 1873‑21, NW corner

Sheldon, Tom 1891‑49, Mae 1891‑70 adjacent Carl E. 1928‑63

Graham, Derice 1884‑62 father

Miles, Ed 1877‑1944

Scarborough, Joseph A. 1886‑41, adjacent Mary E. 1892‑61 completes.




Russell, Frank 1869‑50, Mary 1882?­-

Miller, Sarah b 1837‑ w/o Hugh

Sutton, Arthur C. C 48th Ill. Inf.

Rogers, James R. 1891‑93, s/o L.F. & Mary J., infant of E. & Nettie b&d 1902

Russell, John L. 7‑29‑1820 d 10‑20‑1886, Nancy A. 10‑26‑1820 d 10‑29‑12

         Samuel W. 1855‑1902, infants of G.W. & M.S. d in 1873 & 1877

         Mary S. d 1‑9‑1873 age 24y 3m & 6d w/o G.W.

      Nine illegible sandstones completes this section.


JONES CEMETERY is in E. 1/2 of Sec 11, T10S R7E about 1 1/4 mi. from Gallatin county line and in Saline County. It is 1/8 mi. West of the mother church of The United Brethren and about 1 mile North of the former Eagle Post Office. In 1976 I copied the older markers and many of the newer.


Raymer, Lucian 1891‑37 s/o Sherman, Nora 1899-­

Hull, Aaron 1863‑44, w Lucinda 1866‑64, Josiah 1889‑, w Anna B. 1889‑56

      Samuel 1839‑96, w Ellen 1843‑08, James 1876‑48 many Hull family members

Jones, W. E. 1848‑97, Sallie Jones Sinsabaugh 1857‑1915

Booten, James M. 1864‑48, w Laura 1869‑98, Rev. J.C. 1880‑1960, w Effie 1882‑41

        Henry 1875‑1918

Barnett, Robert D. 1851‑98, w Emily 1864‑14, Charles A. 1892‑, w Effie J. 1896‑58

Ervin, Mary Ann (Molly) 1874‑59

Aydelott, George W. 1822‑07, w Cassandra 1826‑1911

Hull, David Milton 1848‑26, w Martha 1852‑30

Osborn, Snyder H. 1828‑10, w Amanda 1832‑, Thomas 1868‑1973?, w Harriet 1876-1968

Gibbs, Flossie Inez mother 1918‑64

Barnett, Reuben 1848‑1917, w Edith 1859‑192?

Carnett, James E. 1880‑56, w Lula C. 1886‑1930

Hargrave, Lorenzo 1839‑1913, w Artemissa 1834‑20, Louella 1866‑50 son Frank 1887‑66

          Aunt Minnie 1870-­

Wiedemann, John M. 1867‑44, w Mollie 1870‑61

Frohock, David F. 1851‑11, w Matilda 1864‑28

Hall, James H. 1853‑1919

Locklar, William S. 1861‑39, Thomas F. 1834‑07, Mary 1849‑91





JONES CEMETERY IN SEC. 11, Mountain Twp, Saline County Continued:


Jones, Samuel 1821‑77 b in Hawkins Co. TN, w Minerva 1824‑01

Sherrell, Sarah M. 1828‑77 w/o William

               (Here were 3 grave size stacks of sand rocks 2 ft. tall, no names)

Rogers, Elizabeth d 1847 w/o William

Howard, Claibourn d 1836, J.M. d 1838 age 7 mo sons of John & Susan

Baker, Phebe 1795‑1842 w/o William 2‑20‑1784 d 12‑17‑1842

Scroggins, Pleasant d 1860, s Leonard b&d 1832, s/o P. & M. Stephen 1828‑45

Jones, James? d 1838 age 39?

Seets, John 1817‑63, w Nancy J. 1820‑63, Elizabeth 1820-51 w/o John

       Jess 1888‑68, w Effie 1893‑, Cora 1886‑91, John b&d 1900

Rice, Benjamin 1796‑1857

Prather, Elizabeth d 1893 age 57


COLBERT CEMETERY, on West side of road on east line of SEC 23, T10S R7E about 1/2 mi. NW of Derby also in Mountain Twp. of Saline County. Covered all except about 6 markers in new South part of cemetery. Good condition in October of 1976. Is one mile from Gallatin County border.


Gibbs, Isaac b 11‑29‑1839 Sgt. 34th? Inf.

Gibbons, W. H. 1868‑42, w Mary 1868‑49, Lucian 1888‑64, w Sophia 1890‑66

Ishart, J. H. B. 1869‑95

Wright, William R. 1839‑79, adjacent Mary E. 1851‑81

Rogers, John Wiley 1881‑1918 Staff Sgt. U.3.Mar Cor. s/o J.C. & M.A.

Vinyard, Sarah J. 1873‑1911 w/o A. A.

Raymer, William 1876‑51, w Frances 1880‑34

Atkinson, William C. d 1880 age ? mkr broken, dau of Wm.C & Nancy J, Lucy 1868‑73

Booten, Tom father 2‑15‑1886 9‑28‑1962, mother Lillie 10‑2‑1888 d 11‑25‑65

        Bluford 1888‑47 WW 1, Katie 1903­

Tarlton, Charles 1875‑54, Mary 1877‑52

Justice, Cleveland 1885‑51, w Katie 1884‑34, Arthur 1919‑65 WW 2

Barnett, Gilbert 1903‑73, w Ruth L. 1905‑, Lucian 1882‑10, w Ida 1882‑10?

Barnett, Henry 1882‑49, w Lucy 1882‑74, ch Carrie 1914‑20 Jess b&d 1905

Thackston, Rev. B. B. 1876‑49, w Gusta 1886‑21

Colbert, J. F. 1849‑1918, w Catherine 1859‑09, G. W. 1862‑28, w Charlotte 1865

         Son Bluford 1886‑06, Alvin 1894‑70, w India 1899‑75

         Charles 1873‑13, w Mollie 1874‑61, Samuel B. 1864‑53, w ?Miranda E. 1865

Barnett, Amanda 1880‑1914, w/o J.E. Barnett, dau Anna Lee 1901‑02

Seats, Albert 1865‑39, w Sarah P. 1868‑53, James A. 1900‑39, John 1896‑98

Seats, J. W. & Mary, Dava & Sarah no dates, John M. 1872‑52, w Florence 1870-­1943

       Edward 1898‑75 md 1923 Mary A, 1904-­

Aydelotte, Grace 1917‑1918, Grace ?6‑1918

Sinsabaugh, Lucian 1892‑62, w Cuba 1898‑39

Cowsert, Thomas P. 1883‑44, w Nora 1883‑25

Brown, John I. 1874‑42, Mary E. 1878‑46

Mitchell, James H. 1886‑50, w Ollie 1888‑54, ch Art 1910‑16, Belora? 1920‑21

Tarlton, Anna 1869‑42, 6 metal marker stakes, flowers but illegible

Moore, Daisey 1904‑05, and infant of J.P & Rhoda M

Colbert, Lucian 1893‑, w Myr? J. 1896‑61

         Aaron S. 1860‑46, w Sarah C. 1866‑51 (several children in row)

         Thomas C. Jr. 1‑5‑1870 & d 12‑26‑1951, Jess J. 1902‑76, Margaret 1902-­1959

         J.T. 1855‑26, w Sarah F. 1857‑22

         John B. 1871‑93, s/o James T. & Mary J.

Hamp, Mary L. 1858‑Ol (very large mkr) w/o Henry, ch. Mary 1873‑94 Dallas 1882-1884

Seet, Sarah 1844‑13, Sarah E. 1873‑97, Johnie d 1885 s/o J. & S.

Colbert, James M.1847‑24, w Clarissa 1855‑33, Lillie 1874‑1918

         Samuel b 1884‑ s/o H. & S., 3 other ch in row

         Elizabeth 1825‑84 w/o W.W., s Thomas G. 1856‑72

         Bryan 1896‑61, w Mary A. 1897‑71, then 4 rows of 34 sand rocks

         4 or more are legible and follow







Rodgers, Lucian 1894‑96 s/o H. & E. J.

Hale, Everett 1910‑12, Louise b&d 1920, Elmer 1908‑12. In same row 40ft south is

      Margaret A. 1891‑1917

Millikan, Isaac E. 1843‑1962 Military marker, died at Paducah

Stilley, Frank E. 1879‑1972?, w Nellie J. 1888‑59

Healy, Charles 1876‑44, dau Mary 1919‑24

Wright, J.B. 1876‑1912, w Phebe 1882‑72

Colbert, A.E. 1888‑75, w Carrie 1888‑61, W. D. 1859‑55, w Alice 1865‑96

         Thomas C. 1830‑1890, w Catherine 1833‑84

         James 1856‑42, w Leoney 1860‑42, Elisha 1822‑63 Co. D, w Eliza b.1825-1922

         J.T. 1827‑86, w Mary 1828‑75, Mary 1855‑17, Tot? 1887‑17 s/o William & Mary

Aydelott, Clinton 1892‑67, w Etta 1896‑65

Milligan, John A. 1867‑62, w Sarah 1869‑37

Seats, Charlotte 1830‑95 w/o A. S., Josh 1855‑95

Rodgers, James W. 1858‑48, w? Josey 1863‑96, ? or Colbert, Valesta 1915‑56

Modglin, R. M. father d 1919 age 75, Sarah Jane mo d 1920 age 68

                           (7 sand rocks adjoin these 2 graves on N. & 2 on South)

Slaton, Sophia 1835‑02                          

Booten, Milas 1880‑62, w Mary A 1883‑1918, Raymond 1911‑45 WW 2

        Joseph M. 1858‑12, w Rachel 1860‑96, Clyde 1906‑61

        John W. 1893‑23, add Louisa Stuart Booten 1889‑21, Ella & Edna

Prather, James 1868‑43, Ambia 1874‑44, Bell 1867‑97, James 1831‑01

         Allen 1880‑45, Leona 1907‑08

Hale, Allen 1884‑29, Josie 1888‑27           ends


Cottage Grove is a much larger Cem. located 2 mi. within Saline County & site of a M.E. church, which burned a few years ago. It is W and slight­ly N of Equality. This cem. is often used and has some Gallatin people buried there but probably not enough to justify the many pages required for inclusion. Next are two abandoned cemeteries in S.E. Hamilton County not far from NW corner of Gallatin. Wesley M.E. Chapel, E of

Eld­orado is not far from Gallatin but not included. It is still in use also.


KEASLER OR NEWMAN CEMETERY is in SEC 13 less than ½ mi east of the Elijah & Elizabeth Young Minor home and 300 feet E of old Keasler, now the Davis home site. In the 1950's the first was standing and Thomas M. Davis occupied the latter.


Phillips, Michael 1805‑1890

Miner, James M. d 1862 age 21, David Harold Minor 1915‑18 s/o E.L& Lula

Wilson, Harriet 1821‑55 w/o John L., David A. b&d 1855,Mary A 1857‑58 ch/o

Minor, Daniel Jack 1852‑90 no mkr, others of E. & E. Y. M. family (R.W. & C

Keasler, David 1782‑1854, James 1813‑64 w Mary R. b 1817

Keasler, Jess 1820‑52, w Clarinda 1820‑83 son William H. 1852‑54

Garrison, John A. 1832‑63 sons James B. & Monroe

DeLap, Harriet b 1815 w/of J.H., a few illegible sandstone rocks. End


THE DAVIS FAMILY NOW CALLED THE WOLFE CEMETERY for a later landowner is about 1 mi. N and slightly W of old Gossett is a beautiful site with a stream on N. & E. side of this high ridge, steep banks with big trees.


Garrison, Sarah Ann 1835‑57 w/o Thomas W., Martha B. w/o T.B. no dates

Wood, Edward b 1810 d 1881, Amanda 1844‑10 w/o James, Henry 1836‑51

Powell, Margery 1796‑1825 w/o Daniel, James H. b&d 1819 age 10 days

Minor, Elizabeth 1827‑45, Eliz? mkr broken d ll‑19‑1844 consort/Coalman

       Maria Jane b 7‑21‑1836 d 1849 these 3 identical cut sandstone.

Davis, John S. d 1863 age 65, w Catherine d 1860, John O. d war 63, David M. 3 mo 1984

Wood, T? 4‑5‑1782 d 188? Rhoda no date, pile broken mkrs.

Gibson, Mark b 2‑24‑1851? James b&d 1840 5 weeks s/o William & N.

Mitchell, Malinda Wood b 1838, James b 1848?, George ? these tall, thin mkrs

Satterfield, John Co. L 6th Ill. Cav., Elias Wood 11‑23‑1861 d 7‑9‑1871

Basha, James B.1830‑92 Corbet 1887‑88 s/o W.E.&R. Hardesty,John M.1851‑? so Jess & M.E

Gott, James S. d 186? 6 m 4 d, Eliza Wood Hughes no dates.






page 36B


Addendum or Supplement to cemeteries of Gallatin County Ill. Vol.2


Markers found since publication of vol. 2 in 1979, not in index. ­Chas. Akers d 12‑31‑1852; Age 33+, w Barbara Duvall 1840 she d 1856, thin markers. both down, 1 broken. 3/8 mi S. of Boyd, Ind. Mound or 1/8 mi S. of N. line Sec. 9 Shawnee Twp. On top of high hill pasture, of Lawrence Rollman, in May of 1981.

I remember a small grove E. of Dan Willis home W. of Ridgway. Leonard Schmitt told me of 3 mkrs there earlier, with name Randolph. Family lived there 1840s.

Mrs. Frances H. S. Dyhrkopp told me of an old cem. near old log home, at S. end of T road (Duncan Lane) near their home. She was able to copy, one of the 4 mkrs. Strickland, Amanda b 1826‑ d 1879 at 52 yrs.

In Vol. 2 I mentioned D. A. Rowland telling me, of an older Dutton Cem. (p 32) in a large wooded area between the new Dutton and Ill. Rt.#1. He was b 1875. d 70 and had his lot in latter. At the time I dreaded making a search for it having lost some of the excess energy, of the late 1950s, needed to search brush and briars of a large area. I probably would never have made this search, but Mrs. Rose Vickery, Mrs. Francis McCabe and Mrs. Wm. (Betty) Head did and located it on a heavily wooded bluff on a high hill about 1 mi. South of Gallatin Hardin Coun­ty line, on 4‑17‑1979 and sent me the following copy. Thanks


Merritt, Emeline w/o J. P. Merritt b 10‑16‑1848 d 2‑19‑1890

Rushing, Roma T. 10/26/93 d 4/24/1894, Jas. R. 10/8/ d 12/24/1898 ch/o A.J.& L.M.

Hindall, John W. 2‑7‑1863 4‑12‑82, Dora b 3‑13‑1872 d Nov.11‑1877

Daugherty, Arkless b & d 1899 s/o W.C.& M.L., This and several sand stone marker

enclosed, by fence.

Crow, W. J. d 1877 age 60, Katie 10‑23‑1860 8‑21‑1882, Mary 11‑30‑1863 d 7‑30‑65

Sarah A. b 3‑25‑1832 d 10‑24‑1900.

Ledbetter, Elizabeth b 12‑11‑1811 d 10‑17‑1884 m/of Baptist Church w/o J.

         , John b 3‑6‑1806 d 7‑2‑1888?, Wm. A. J. b 7‑31‑1831 d 5‑11-48 s/o John

Leonberger, Margaret A. b Dec. 20‑1874 d Dec. 23 1876 d/o Fred & Sarah B.

Dutton, Lydia M. b 11‑10‑1774 d 9‑18‑1835 m/o A., Elizabeth ?‑d 10‑6‑1873 w/o A.

      , Jas. F. b 5‑12‑1855 d 6‑20‑1860, Mary J. 6‑13‑1836 d 6‑20‑1860 ch/o A&E.

      , Geo. W. b 9‑18‑1842 d ?‑12‑1862 s/of A. & Elizabeth.

Davis , John H. d 17‑21‑1856 at 10 mo. & 2 d, s/o J. B. M. & E. H. Davis

M‑‑‑‑ , John b 9‑15‑185? d Dec.17‑1858? son of B. and S.

Retherford, Rebecca 3‑4‑1815 12‑21‑1855 w/o Archabel, Archable 8‑31‑1814 d 1831

Lambert, Margaret E. d‑3‑15‑1887 age 36y‑2m‑7days w/o Josiah, Mary Lee 1880‑90

Marable, Mary Ann b Sept. 18?? d/o W.E.& M.P., dau M. Faith

Overton, Elizabeth 2‑11‑1855 w/of Washington, Ann R. d 11‑20‑1854 age 5 years.

Price, John 11‑13‑1845 d 11‑14‑1866, Sarah E. 2‑1‑1879 6‑18‑1880 d/o M.D.& S.F.

     , Hardin b 3‑14‑1847 d 3‑27‑1893

Anderson, Lula 1933‑1934 Our dear baby, Unknown d 1893 mkr. overgrown by tree.

Stanley, Erving 1858‑1929, James 1906‑35. The last 3 fenced together with

another grave marked by sandstone and covered with spring flowers. There were

dozens of other graves marked by sandstones in this 3 acre cemetery.

The old RILEY CEMETERY, is in N.E. Section (23?) of Saline Co. about ¼ acre.

Robinson, J. F. mil‑mkr Co.E.3rd Ill. Cav. (Cem. fenced but

badly overgrown Merriman, Richard 1805‑88 w Helen B. 1815‑85. brier and small

brush) Gaines, Mary D. 3‑6‑1809 d 9‑22‑1896, Lorenzo 1839‑22, Linna 1877‑02 d/o

L. & M. D.

These 3 in a row, fine mkrs, one red granite, crumbled brick base, down flat.

Margrave, Annie d 10‑31‑1884, age 20 w/o W.D., John b 1‑21‑1867?

Davis, Linna d 9‑19‑1857 age 43 y 11 m, w/o Wm. R., son Frederick A. 1842‑53

  , John d‑3‑10‑1853 age 69 y 11 m 10 d, w Susannah d 3‑10‑1853 age 65+

1830 Census, Anderson Co. S.C, lived next to our Miner fam. all to Ham. Co. Gregg, Francis 1791‑65, w Sarah 1803‑84, sandstone 5 ft N. of F.G. unreadable.

     , Thos. W. 9‑3‑1842 10‑20‑1865 mkr down, Wm. R. 1821‑59 w Elizabeth 1821‑14

Riley, Ira E. 1790‑48 w Susannah 1796‑64, D.E. d 3‑6‑1890 at 73,w Sarah M.1819‑85

Haley, Meeks or Haley Meeks 1819‑80 w Rosa Ann d 12‑18‑1881 b 2‑27‑1825

Bramlet, W. H. 2‑11‑1836 d 8‑31‑1887, w Martha M. d 3‑18‑1889 at 50y, 1m & 19d

       , Emily C. 8‑26‑1864 d 8‑6‑1865 d/o W. H. & M. D.

Nelson, Seth J. 1861‑26 w Frances A. 1868‑45, Cecil d 1949, a dau 1886‑99 end.

The John Davis & w Susannah farm sold to Elijah Minor family after their death

It was located about 1 mile North of this cem. which is N. of Texas City Sal Co.







      About all of Southern Illinois East of present Jackson and Perry counties including Hardin and South Part of Jefferson Counties (all or parts of 9 present counties) was taken from Randolph County in Sept. of 1812, and called Gallatin County with the seat of government at Shawneetown.


      It kept these borders until 1815 when White County was formed and included the territory North of Gallatin and West to Perry. Other counties were soon taken from these two but Hardin was a part of Gallatin until 1839 and Saline until 1847.


      There were a great many disputes and suits brought to court in this large and rapidly growing area. Records of these are contained in an old 560 page book which is yellowed, dim and becoming illegible in many places. I made several trips to Shawneetown, beginning in 1971, in copying these names with details in only a few cases. Most were in the county at the time and many were active in business, etc. Judges, qualifying and presiding at the court of common pleas in 1813 were; The Honorable John C. Slocumb, Leonard White and Gabriel Greathouse. They met first at house of Great­house in Shawneetown but held court at house of Thomas Dorris also at Shawneetown. Those producing licenses, signed by 2 Judges of the general court, authorizing them to practice law there were; Joseph Conway, Jephtha Hardin, Russell E. Heacock, Thomas C. Brown and William Grundy. Members of July jury were; foreman, Benjamin R. Smith, members; Moses Garrett, William Maxwell, Francis Jourdan, Thompson Harris, Elias Jourdan, Strangeman Maudglin, Abram Womack, Ezekiel McCoy, Jeter Baker, William Jourdan, John Craw, Hankerson Rude, John Murphy, William Small and Cornelius Lafferty. This completes the grand jury on page one, dated July 1813. Later Richard Henderson, Thomas Towles and Samuel Posey qualified as attorneys on July 26‑1813 with 1 Judges signature with the right to practice law in this court.


      Those following may be plaintiffs, defendants, witnesses or others whose names are mentioned as appearing in court, such as bondsmen. Stephen Ludlow & Isaac Dunn of Ludlow & Co., Benjamin Chambers, John Craw, John W. Buckner, Cornelius Lafferty, Peter Wilkerson, Joel Watson, John Goodwin, Willis Hargrave, Samuel Earle, James Weir, Alexander Wilson, John Ormsby, Nathaniel Anderson, Edward A. Keeling, Thomas E. Craig, Samuel Simp­son, Christopher Robertson, Nathan Clampert, James McFarlane, Dickerson and Moses Garrett, Thomas Morrow, Andrew Arnett, John and Rufus Inman, John Pearson, Hazle Moreland, George Lamb, The? Laine, Fulton & Nancy Price, William Moore, John Fraizer, Josiah Jackson, Peter Hammond, John Blue, Isaac Morgan, Thomas Dawson, John Grimes, John Woods, Conrad Will, William Morse, John Donahue, Joab Watson, Bazel Dodge, John Lucas, John Barker, Jeremiah Dawson, George Heads, Samuel Aldridge, Harrod Wilson, Peter D. or Seaton, William Cayton, John Carter, William & Page Cheek, Henry Marsh, Sina Smith, John Campbell, John Davis, William Small, James Kelly, Benjamin Talbott, Stephen Stanley by next friend Dempsey Stanley, Samuel Brotton, Joseph M. Street ck of court, Joseph Owen, William Chenoweth, William R. Ashby, Benjamin White, William Cheek, Amos Edwards, John Collins, Bela Downing, William Speed, some names are mentioned more than once.


Grand jury for next court on 3‑22‑1814 as follows.

Michael Sprinkle foreman, James or Joseph Houston, James Willis, Hazle More­land, William Ellis, Samuel White, Thomas Mays, Archibald Roberts, William Willis, James Dillard, Samuel Craig, William Akers, Boston Daimwood, Isaac Morgan and Samuel Clark. Those who follow are named in 1814 court cases, plaintiffs etc. Boston Daimwood assignee of John D., William Forrester, John Hutchcraft, Aaron Webb, John McLaughlin, Richard Jones, Alexander Wilson, William Gile, Hugh Johnson by Thomas A?very his next friend, H'y Sparkman, H’y Oldham.

begin Wednesday March 28‑1814

Elias K. Kane now qualified to practice law.









3‑28‑1814 continued page 41


Wilson Dameron, Jane Miller, U.S.A., William McGehee, next jury as follows

William ?Sitton, John Frazer, William Rowark, Lemuel Ant??, William Do??, Isaac Dorris, Jeremiah Vincent, William Caton, Peter ?Seaton, Holmes Sharp, Moses Rawlings

and John D. Daimwood. Next are names of complainants etc. Henry Marsh, Cornelius Taylor, Sinah Smith, James Birney, Timothy Guard & John Carter, Adam Crouch, William McCoy & Page Cheek then a new jury follows.

      Isaac Dorris, William Small, John Leech, Moses Rawlings, John Gillison, Peter Kuykendal, Frederick Buck, William Rowark and Thomas Hatfield plus duplicate names. Then come more plaintiffs, defendants etc. John Ormsby, Dennis Clay, John Davis, Francis Leach & John Marshall executors of Isaac White est., Page Cheek, Wilkins Tannehill, Thomes Dawaon, William Ingram, George Robertson, John Forrester and Henry Jones. On page 63 another jury as follows; Thomas Randolph foreman, Isham Clay, Balaam May, Daniel Vineyard, George Vineyard, James Hull, Elias Jordan, Jeremiah Odle, William Jackson, David Stanley, John Morris, George Raglin, Aaron Williams, Peter Kuykendall, John Gillerson, Humphries Leech and Robert Testerson. Then Guy W. Smith as adm. July 14‑1814 Term of court.

      Then come more court cases with plaintiffs and defendants etc. one of whom surrenders his body for prison. Archibald Roberts, Lemuel Cornick, William Thomason, William Brockett, William Cockill, William Kelly, James McClelland. Next a jury of William Cayton, Boston Daimwood, Henry Kenyon, Adam Crouch, Peter Wilkerson, George Clift, William & Thomas Akers, William Hardin and Irvin Wilson and Stephen Hogg. Following are others, plaintiffs, etc. John & Jeremiah Edmunds, John E. Louden, Michael Jones and others, Harrison & Elender Wilson adm., Joseph M. Street, Benoney Lee, M? McFarland & Rice Downey, George Knott & Polly Lisenbee, Brice Hanna for assault against body of William Clayton, James Young & Polly Young, Charles Meeks & Susannah Simmons, John Pierson & Hazle Moreland. U.S. in many suits for illegal timber cutting etc.

      Joshua Sexton, Isaac Sibley, William Huston, James McLaughlin, William Wood.

A new jury and new names follow Page 85

Charles Thompson, William Willis, Abraham McCool, Elias Hubbard, John Cook, Davis Talley, Enoch Wood, Herrad Wilson, Jonathan Hampton, William Nash, Enoch Bram?‑, Samuel Green or Greer, John G. Wilson and Thomas Cox, Moses Lamb Page 92, Peter & Noah Kuykendall, John Crafford, Westley G. Martin, John Campbell, Samuel Clark and Robert R. Gaston, completes jury.

Other, John Reed, William Thornberry, Ambrose Whitlock, Philip Henson, Tim Guard, William Dobbins, Marvel & Achilles McFarland and James Zachariah Canty, Samuel Timberly, Joseph Huston, William C. Lane, Samuel Hill, John Lucas, William Ashby, William Vaughn, Robert Watson, David Lash, Achilles Roberts, William A. Hardy, John C. Wood, Samuel Omelvany, John G. Wilson, Bazle Lee, Lemuel Clark, Stephen Boutwell guardian of Alexander K., father of A. K., Begin page 115 Nov. 21, 1814 Ralph Berkshire, Francis Leech, George W. Frazer, Thomas Cox, James Ford vs Thomas & Robert Cox, John E. Louden vs Michael J- and 4 others trespass, Josiah Westbrook vs John Forrester trespass & assault & battery, George Isham, Benjamin Cummins, John Crawford, Benjamin Walden, Gabriel Greathouse, Adam Rankin, James Cain, Rawleigh Colston, Joseph Owen & James Morrison, Graham Clements and George Williams. Page 129 Jonathan Taylor, Charles Wilkins, James Morrison and Anthony Butler are referred to as surviving partners of Isaac White deceased. (case referred to arbitration by Robert Alexander, Daniel Wessiger and John Hannah.) James Dorrity vs George Peirce. Absolem Wilson, Sinai Kelly; Westley G. Martin, Zacheriah Wood, John Campbell, Absolem Heir, Willis Hargraves, Benjamin Rodgers, Philip Buckner and John Golson. The last 8 were jurymen. Most cases were for either trespass or debt. Page 131; Jason & Mary Cloud vs William Kelly, Page 134; James Weir, Jesse B. Thomas, William Russell & others of Vincennes, Indiana Territory, David Sash, Zachariah Candy, Allen & William Vaughn, John Gilbert, John Murphy, John Walls, William Woods, Nathaniel Dickerson, John Grimsby, Page 144; jury of George Cleft, William McCoy, Charles Cawthorn, Arnold Atkins and others previously named. William Thomason, William Brockett, Benjamin Brockett, Jonathan Ramsey, Lewis Parris, Taylor Maulding, John Shearer, David Mitchell, Samuel Curnick and Francis Farley. Ends 1814.






Joseph M. Street, beginning on Mar. 3, 1815, Present and presiding The Hon.

Stanley Griswold.


Page 151 Jury of Michael Sprinkle foreman, James Cain, Charles Thompson, Vincent

Moreland, John G. Damewood, H. Leech, Samuel & William Clark, William McCoy, Thomas

Brinkley, Thomas M. Dorris, Abram McCool, Houston Fletcher, Benjamin Jolly, James Dillard, Stephen Fields and Benjamin Moseby.

      Other from pages 152 to 163 with an effort at prevention of duplications. William Edwards Sr, Daniel Bridgeman, Mathew West, George W. Ward, Joseph Owen, Daniel McKinney, Soloman Blue of Union County Ky. witness, John Palmer, Joshua L?acey, Price Hannah, Samuel S. White, Elihu Howard, Thomas Ferguson, Gersham Clemens, John Swan, Thompson F??nklin, James Ford, Thomas Cox, Wyatt Atkins, George Codd, Samuel Bratton, Thomas Hardy, Elisha Hall, William Wheeler, John Black, Joseph McCool. Page 164 to 173 William Gill, Elijah Griffiths, July 15‑1815 William R. Asher, Jarrett Trammel, Mary Gatlin, Lewis Paris, White Guard vs Joab Davis, John Frazer, Haley Raglin, Rachel McGehee, Joseph Houston, John Perry, Samuel Davidson, John O??aley, Ennis Frazer some of jury. Alfred Woods, James Fields, John Dykes, James Brook. Page 173, July 16, 1815 other; Thomas C. Browne, David Collins, Isaiah Potts, Thomas E. Craig. Skip to page 234 Ezekiel Hide, Stephen Farmer, Archey B. Hart, William Sutton, Edward Rumsey, James Trousdale, John Hay, John Flint. Page 242 New names in jury. John Reid, Claiborne Wright, James Ratcliff, Isham Harrison. Page 244 John Bate, Joseph Ficklin, Isaac Going. Page 247 Jacob Self, Wiley Roberts, Samuel Settle. Page 256 John & Abraham Stovall. Begln new Jury Houston Fletcher, Thomas Johnson, Joseph McCool, William Daniel, George R. Logan, John Blakely, Daniel Dillard, John Sharpe, Lewis Boatright, Perry Brook, William Sutton and Zephaniah Johnson and Hubbard Quarles, William Dobson Page 262 Page Cheek vs James Birdwhistle, Joseph M. Street vs Boston Daimwood. Page 268 Next court on July 5, 1816. Page 173 to 234 skipped. David Barnett vs Daniel Bridgeman, Hon. Thomas Towles presiding. William Grundy, Stephen Easley, James Hull, Jonas H. Suttles, John Waggoner and David Sibley, Page 285 on. William C. Vaught, James Crosswhite, Philip Barbour, Willis Hargrave vs Elizabeth Craw & Abraham Crenshaw adm. of William Craw dec. Rowland Allen, Davis Embree, James S. Pitts,

      The next jury in part.

William & Jamess Hale, Henry Row, James Byrd, John Williams, John Rohrer, James Melton, Abraham Granger, Merrill Willis, Brice Hanna, William Sutton. end jury.

Nov., 1816 others mentioned Page 290 William Kincheloe vs John Carter, Miller Hubbard allowed $5. for furnishing water for this court.

      3rd circuit court held at house of Thomas M. Dorris Nov. 4, 1816; New members of jury, James M. Pettigrew foreman, David Barnett, John Gillison, Neal Thompson, Moses Blazer, John Duvall, Isaac Riley, Josiah Carter, Ezakiel Frazer, Elisha Hall, Thomes Akers and Notley Duvall, William F?rench and Jamess Bur?uchell among 4 let off for excuses, Emanuel Ensminger, William McMahan, Meredith W. Fisher, John Murphy, Abraham Crenshaw & Samuel Taylor. Next are Witnesses, Plaintiffs etc. Most are new names. Page 296

      Andrew Slack, William McCary, Frederick Shipley, William Atkinson, James Ratliff, Robert D. Cates, David Sash, Stephen Sudlow and John W. Buckner, William McNabb, Jacob Phillips, Thomas Bryant, Weir & VanLandingham, Silas McBee, Abraham Evans. Page 270‑85  Enoch Wilcox, Arthur Vinson dec’d, Squire Young, John Dick, David S. Slocumb dec'd Stephen Beck adm.

      New names on jury panel during bal. of 1816. Pages 324 to 365 Jehu Baker, Thomas Barlow, Moses Hutson, William Wheeler Jr., Dudley & Jess Williams, Bazel Dodge, Drury Farley, Andrew Barnes, Jeremiah Vincent, Robert M. Tarlton, William Whitin?, Robert Wilson, Isaac Hogan and Christopher H. Sharp. End jury. Other; James Barnett, William Mitchell, Jonathan Ramsey assignee of Jacob McD­onald, Samuel Bourland, Thomas & William C. Anderson, Griffin Yeatman, Thomas Terry asign of Robert Nugent vs William & John Dalton, Ebenezer Ingram, William Powell, Alexander Brousler?, William C. Vaught & Philip Barbour mchts of Sh-. also William C. Vaught & William R. Ashby mchts. of Sh. trading as Ashby‑Vaught & Co.

Ends 1816.









The first traveled routes in Gallatin County were the paths or trails made by the wild hoofed animals, as they regularly sought the salt on the Saline River, near present day Equality. These started, perhaps 100 mi. away and often became sunken or deep cut as they croseed hills. Going different directions from the salt springs, it was only natural that the Indians and later the Whites, use them as they sought their own aupply of salt. They usually were on the most direct and best drained route to the best stream crossings or fords. Some may have been in use for cent­uries. I remember when thousands of acres or most (now the largest part in cultivation) of the Wabash and Ohio River Bottom Land was in timber. There were many cleared fields then of from a few to a few hundred acres. These fields usually took the names of the family which lived on or cleared them. Early names were Mason Slough, Millspaugh, Wilkes, Doherty, Scudamore and Logsdon fields. There were several others in the area. The houses on these farms were usually of frame construction, covered with clapboards or boxing, they were usually on posts or stilts and a few feet off the ground. Many of the houses had a second story and an earthen mound for the barn, because the backwater came once or' twice most years.


I was a small boy in 1912 to 1914, when my father Leo, and his partner and brother Andrew Miner began taking cattle to the summer woods pasture of J.H. Henn. It was located about 7 mi. East of our home or near Hulda Lake. The cattle were branded with letter M, then moved, collected and returned at the end of the season by riders on horseback. They paid 50¢ or perhaps 75¢ per mo. per head. Soon afterward they bought 40 acres about 1 mi. North of the bridge over the slough, draining Hulda lake. This lake was formerly called Honeymore Pond, for the Hanmore family who lived near lts head. The crossing was Sandy Ford and it kept this name for years after the bridge was built in 1910 or soon thereafter. Another uncle Geo. Glass moved into the house on the 40 acres and took care of the stock in addition to farming. The frame house was about 4 or 5 rt. above the ground, had 2 lower rooms with a dog trot between, and 1 room on 2nd floor. They leased a barb wire enclosed, wooded pasture of over 100 acres which joined on the East. The wooded 7 acres of the 40 was a hog pasture. Hogs were identically marked with a hole in one ear and a split in the other. After the harvest all livestock except milk cows and needed teams were turned loose to fatten on the nuts in woods and the corn left in the fields. Every thing worked fine until the floods came usually in rough winter weather, then the animals had to be found, sorted and moved back home. Besides the disagreeable work, the profits were often missing when one or two head of stock were lost during the season. This venture was short lived. I spent several days there with my cousins during summers, besides 2 or 3 weekends hauling hogs and driving cattle to miss the flood, during the school term.


A county map of the 1870's shows the Wabash School as located on the Shawneetown ‑ New Haven River Road in North Central part of Sec. 26 T8 R10 and near the Wabash River. Sometime later the road was changed to leave the river and run Weet 3/4 mi. on the line dividing Sections 22 and 27. Here it Joined the Sandy Ford Road and there stood the Wabash School that I remember. Charles and wife Mattie Pearson Johnson had bought and moved on the S 1/2 of Sec 22 in 1909 and raised their family a short distance North of school. She taught at this school as did their son Harlis b. 1902. There were as many as 40 pupils attending, with the district boundaries extending South 2 mi. to second or upper bottom at Calapoosie and about same distance in other directions. I remember a small store operating for a short time at Calapoosie.













The soil in the river bottoms was usually easily worked, fertile and productive, It was not as dark in color or as sticky when wet as the black soil or gumbo of my home area. After a few yards of walking through this heavy soil, ones feet became almost too heavy to lift. At this time a kick and a quick Jerk of the foot would send most of the mud flying. This may now be a lost art since the roads are surfaced and the corn is harvested by machine. The backwater at times compensated for some of the problems it caused the lowland dwellers, by leaving a coat of rich silt on the land, as it receded. The higher fields might erode a bit, if the soil was loose and the current swift, but usually as the muddy water backed out over the lowlands, the current slowed and the sediment settled. An illustration of this occured many years ago. J. L. Day and I were duck hunting after a flood in which the Ohio River was much higher than the Wabash. We were hunting near the latter, about 2 1/2 mi. West of its Junction with the Ohio. The rivers, barely back within their banks, had left a coat of sediment on the fields, but in a slough with a thick stand of large maples the new mud was near knee deep. Nature added fertility and leveled the land at the same time, as it added to the topsoil.


During the last 60 years or so there has been much more change in the lower bottoms, than in other farming areas of Gallatin County. At that time, most of the bottom land was in timber and undrained, much of it in swamps and covered by water much of the year. Ditches have drained most of the swamps and eliminated most of the mosquitos while bulldozers have, during the last 20 years eliminated most of the timbered land. The names. Willow Bend, Willow Pond, Dudley Pond, Dudley Knoll, Hampton and Mill Slough are not often heard and are now parts of large grain fields.


Though it was not easy, many families made their living in that area some 60 years ago. Many farmed, cut timber or worked at the sawmills, some worked in season at all three jobs. In the abandoned fields there were lots of ripe blackberries in the summer, in the fall on the wooded ridges, there were usually bushels of large hickory nuts to be picked up and hulled or left to waste. My parents tried to can at lesat 25 gallons of wild blackberries each year. This meant two early morning trips, of 6 or 7 miles to the banks of Willow Slough, in the surrey. The berries were picked by noon and canned by bedtime. This family effort came after wheat cutting and before threshing. I remember 3 or 4 wagons of men relatives picking up hickory nuts in the area East of Round Pond Schoolhouse. It must have been in Sections 2 and 3 of Shawnee Townshlp. We camped in a grove near the home of an old colored gentleman. I believe his name was Aaron Wilson. On one trip Dads uncle, Bill Miner of Eldorado with his sons and a wagon, joined our group. His knowledge of the terrain, in this large tract of timber, leads me to believe that the family had gathered nuts there many years earlier. In our case the nuts were hulled, then dried and later cracked, a pan full at a time usually for an after supper treat. By alternating with popcorn both lasted through the long winter.


There were many native pecan trees in the lower bottoms. At one time they bore heavy crops and unlike other nuts, there was always a good market for pecans. They were an important money crop for those who had an orchard. They required lots of work in clearing weeds and brush as well as knocking and picking up the nuts. Pecans grew on many types of soil but were usually concentrated on drained land too low to risk farming. We picked up a few on shares but usually had enough for our use from the few scattered trees in our fields. These were probably spared, when the land was cleared, not only for nuts but for shade for teams and workers.


Thousands of pounds of pecans were bought and shipped from Shawneetown and New Haven. Pecan day was an annual event, for many years at New Haven, with a queen contest and large crowds. It ended a few years ago when many trees quit bearing for some reason or perhaps no reason. With crops irregular most of the trees were dozed out and the land used for grain.









The scattered field trees also quit bearing nuts, and not being needed for shade, most of these have disappeared. Charles Hise had one of these trees, which often bore enough pecans, to pay the tax on his 32 acre home farm. It is odd that the smaller trees, in towns such as Ridgway, bear a good crop almost without fail, year after year.


The most change in the lower bottoms has come from its loss of people and houses. During the period from 1910 to 1920, I knew or had heard the names of many families who lived in the area. There was the Back family, 2 or 3 Bell families, George and Lula (Glass) Blackburn and family, Susie Cook and sons Edward and Jim, Sam Lanier and 2 sons, families headed by Woods Perdue, Fred Simmons, John Rice, John Pruitt, John Colbert, John Tedford the sawmill man, who furnished work for many and had a large family, Charles and Jess Johnson also the Smith, Nelson, Padgett and Patrick families also the Hise family and Jim and Clara (Harrelson) Sauls family and others that I do not remember. Early Western Travels by Cumings mentions two cabins on the Wabash near the point where it Joins the Ohio. This was in 1809. The large one had a tavern sign. Today in 1976 there is not one family that I know of between Shawneetown and New Haven, in lower bottoms. Thwaites, again quoting from Cuming's diary, said that in the previous yesr (1808) these families had their cattle all drowned in the spring floods and had themselves fled inland a few miles to the higher land for safety. Over 110 years later in the 1920's Uncle James and Aunt Myrtle (Miner) Hendrix with partner Roy Poston rented this farm in Sections 19, 25 and 30. With much equipment and help they planted several hundred acres of corn. With a good season and good soil a fine crop was raised, but as had happened ao often in the past, the rains upriver meant that a flood was coming. A distress call and pay above usual brought many corn ahuckers who furnished their own team and wagon. The shuckers (never called huskers in our area) scooped their loads of corn into a amall bin holding perhaps 100 bushels. This portable bin had a chute through which the corn flowed into burlap bags which when filled were laced and tied, then placed in another chute, down the river bank onto a barge and to market. With two bins and extra workers the corn was loaded about as fast as it came in. One fall my brother Willard L. and I helped finish the shucking. Jim Brown was one of the full‑time workers, his wife Lottie helped feed the new workers. I especially remember the large pots of beans and meat served downstairs and the cots and beeds in the upstairs of the old frame Callicott farmhouse. The hard work and long hours helped sleeping. Within 3 days the corn was all in except for that lost ln the lowlands and we were on our way home before the backwater stopped travel across the sloughs. We were in school at the time but it was common at the time for boys to skip school when needed at home. I missed school during spring when in 8th grade. I believe the only other living person, shucking corn with us that fall on the Callicott Farm, is Claud Ingleton.


Uncle Jim was better equipped than most, for farming there, but he only lasted 3 or 4 years. Most of those now farming in the bottoms live on the upland nearby. In the spring planting sesson when they think flood danger is past, they move good equipment there, plant, cultivate and then move their implements home. In the fall harvest period they bring in their combines for beans, their shellers for corn, their wagons and trucks to move the crops and are soon gone. Modern machinery, earlier maturing varieties, chemicals and grain dryers enable the lowland farmers to plant and also harvest their crops between the rainy seasons or floods, in most cases. Most of the risk or danger from flooding is now gone. The river had advantages to offset its bad points. At a time when there were no roads in the new country, the river served as the highway to the towns and markets of the world. A boat was a necessity where hunting and fishing was so important to a family's livelyhood and especially so in the bottoms.












The river and slough banks made well drained bases, for the early traces and roads, and were often so used. These many advantages were probably noted by Fred Buck in 1814, when he selected and entered fr. Section 22 in present day Lower New Haven Twp. Born in 1783, he was the eldest of the 14 children of Revolutionary War vet, Warner and Barbara (Slusher) Buck. The family was prominent in the early affairs of Gallatin County. Warner purchased the S.E. 1/4 of Sec. 17 from the land office in July 1814. This was in Shawnee Township and on it is located the Buck Hill family burial grounds. On the East Center of the Fred Buck farm near the Wabash River, was some of the highest land in the lower bottoms. The river stage had to reach 45 ft. or more to cover this field. Near this field, about 56 mi. South of the Mouth of the Little Wabash and about midway between New Haven and Shawneetown, Buck soon had a boat landing and a ferry in operation. The place is still known as Bucks Landing by many. On the higher ground he built a large, hewed log house. Harlis Johnson remembers this old house which stood on the back of his parents farm. He also remembers the old millstones and part of the timbers used in making the dam across Mill Slough to the West. Logs for special markets, were coll­ected here and along with other items, were shipped by boat up and down the river for many years after the ferry ceased operating. This was a busy area many years before much of the interior of Gallatin County was entered and settled. It was probably familiar to the red man long before the white man became interested in the area.


The earliest maps of our area show a stream, called Indian Camp Creek, originating about 2 mi. S.W. of present day New Haven Village. It flowed Easterly to a point East of the center of Sec. 27, then turned S.E. running almost parallel with the Big Wabash River for about 2 miles before Joining it on the East side of Section 2. The high ground separating these streams has lone since been claimed by the river. The earlier mouth of this creek was a short distance North of the Big Barn school, which was consolidated a few years ago, the present mouth of what is left is about 1/2 mile South of mouth of the Little Wabash River. I don't rem­ember the big barn but do remember a long row of corn bins or cribs built up off the ground, on the ridge about 1/4 mile South of the school. A ferry linked Illinois and Indiana at this point for many years, it was probably last operated by the Wood famlly, years ago. There were 2 or 3 houses near the school and several others in the area a few years back. Although the exact spot can't be pinpointed, an early map of 3 S.W. Indiana counties indicates that a very early Indian trail crossed the Wabash, at or near the school house site. An early map of Gallatin County shows one branch of this trail going a short diatance to the North, then generally West to the South of Burdick Slough or pond, then about 3 miles to the West on the North bank of both Goose Pond and Capshaw Pond where in Sec. 6 it joined the road on West Bank of Mill Slough Swamp. The main branch of this Indian trail went South to the next bend of the river which it followed to near the earlier mentioned Buck's Landing. From here it went West on the South side of the Willow Slough Bend of Mill Swamp to Join the above road on the West side of Sec 19, T8 R10. This road is still used in dry weather. Tedford had two sawmills on this 3 mi. of East West road. The road on West bank of Mill Slough Swamp later became the Shawneetown ‑ New Haven road, the Indian trail which branched off it in S.W. corner of Sec. 19 became the lower New Haven ‑ Equallty road.


Col. William M. Cockrum of Oakland City Ind. began collecting material in 1852 for his Pioneer History of Indiana, published in 1907. In this material were several letters containing orders and directions from the Governor of Indiana Territory. They were dated in 1807, and were to Capt. William Hargrove, commander of the Rangers who were protecting the settlers from the Indiana. Several pertained to those traveling the Salt Trace.













The Governor was Gen. William Henry Harrison, the writer of the letters was John Gibson, secretary of Indiana Territory. Hargrove who lived near present day Princeton, was charged with keeping the peace and protecting the settlers in the Western third of Southern Indiana. The white people began moving into the territory several years before the Indians ceded it to the U.S. government in 1804. Many of the Indians were against this cession and many continued to live in the area. The Shawnees, under Chief Setteedown, had a straggling settlement in the Newburg - Boonville area. A trace ran through this area and near the Ohio River, crossing the Wabash to the saline regions of Illinois. The site of the later Fred Buck ferry, would have been the most convenient spot for this crossing one may assume. The so called Salt Route is mentioned as an early traveled way which started near Vincennes, bore East a way, croseed the White and then the Patoka Rivers and then to the SouthWest crossing the Wabash a short distance below the mouth of the Little Wabash River. There was an old Delaware Indian town along this trace in Gibson County. The last Indian village of this county was about 2 miles West of Owensville. The Indians were driven out and the wigwams burned in 1807 except the few which were spared until 1809. These acts caused a lot of friction. Small hunting parties returned to their home area and trouble resulted but most of the problems occured West of the Wabash. Many settlers moved into S.W. Indiana in 1805 and 1806 and all used the old trails to get their requirements of salt. Salt was necessary for the pioneers daily living needs and needed especially for preserving meat. They demanded protection on these salt gathering Journeys. Salt at 15 to 20 cents per pound, they could not afford to buy, and many were too independent to gather in larger groups for mutual protection. These and other problems formed the basis for these letters which give more insight into our areas early days. It was finally decided to set new rules while the danger lasted. Certain days were set for groups of 15 or more to make salt. This number was considered safe on East side of Wabash where a camp was set up on the Salt trall near the river crossing. In this camp were two soldiers with their scouts who conducted the group across the river and to the salt works. Rules were set whereby the group was more able to protect itself. Indians were seldom seen alone the trails after Dec. 1 so there was little danger of winter raids.


Col. Cockrum's Pioneer History of Ind. devoted several pages to these letters and the conflicts and injustices practiced by some of both races, but most of the more than 500 pages described everyday life among the early white settlers. This included many details of how and what they used from the land and forest to offset the almost total absence of money. First in importance was a knife, ax and rifle. Animal skins usually paid for powder, lead and very little else. I have read a story where the need for a saw in a community was very great. Each family furnished a hide or two for a pool, which when sold bought a saw, with enough left over to pay for an suger. Both were very important then and probably much used. With only a river or a few miles separating these people from those of Gallatin County, both had the same problems to cope with and if not related both came from the same Southern area and background. To the early settler the family unit was all important. It set the rules like a government. It educated, for the responsibilities and needs of the time, long before regular schooling existed. Most important, it was in the home where the virtues such as personal initiative and self reliance were practiced. In a few years with these assets and secure land titles, more land cleared, orchards planted and some extra crops to sell, these people could see their dreams coming true. I am sure they made the same state­ments that I have often heard from friends and relatives many years ago, ‑ I hope my children don't have to work as hard as I did.

















The second war with Britain, declared on June 18, 1812, intensified military activity in this area of Illinois Territory. Many expected trouble from the Indians, especially around the salt works and in the outlying areas. Several militia companies were recruited and trained in S.E. Illinois. Thomas E. Craig, a Shawneetown businessman, captained one of 67 men. After Leonard White was promoted, Phillp Tramell replaced him as captain of a company. Other captains were James Trousdale and Willis Hargrave. Some of these companies were mounted. Fred Buck was among the many names on these rosters familiar to our area. William Ellis was among those drafted the next year. He applied for veterans benefits in 1971, listing his home as Hickory Hill, in Wayne County, Ill., his age as 80 yrs. He stated that he was drafted about Apr. l, 1813 for the purpose of guarding the frontier settlements againat the depredations of the Indians, serving in Capt. Barkers company, in Col. Tramell's regiment and in Gen. Hargraves brigade. He further stated that he served about 3 months and assisted in building forts and guarding the settlements on the Wabash, Ohio and Skillet Fork Rivers and that he was honorably discharged about the last day of June, 1813 from the Pond Settlement Fort. His wife was Elizabeth Buck (sister of Fred) and he was one of the Ellis Brothers of the Shawneetown area. He died in 1883. Gallatin County of that day con­sisted of about six area counties of today. On May 25 1813 the court divided the county into 7 townships or milltia districts. The leaders of each were; Granpier with Capt. Steel, Capt. McFarland was the leader of the Big Creek Twp. militia, Capt, Barker of Rock and Cave, Capt. Trousdale for Shawanoe Twp., Capt. White of Saline Twp, Capt. Grove in Pond Twp. and Capt. McHenry commanding in Prairie. Pond consisted of present day New Haven Twp. and much of the adjoining area. I am sure it got its name from the many ponds and swamps, in the bottoms, which were probably caused by early river channels of the Wabash. The fort was located near the junction of the earlier mentioned Indian Trace, which crossed the Wabash at Indian Camp Creek, and the Shawanoe Town and Boones Mill road, This trace continued to Equality by way of New Zion and St. Joseph Cemeteries.


The fort was a bit over a mile East and South of Asbury church on what was long known as the Fort Farm. Court order #191 on June 7, 1819 ordered that Brice Hannah be appointed supervisor on part of the Shawanoe town to Robinson's Mills (successor to Boone at New Haven) road. Bounds for hands to work road Viz; beginning at Beaver Dam Branch where William McCoy's bounds end, thence with said line to Buck's Ferry including hands at ferry. Thence up Wabash with county line to George Ragland's, thence to James Gaston old band mill, including Ragland and Edward Mobley thence to Thorn Thicket so as to include the hands at the old fort and Ensley Clark's place. Clark had, on Oct. 25, 1814, entered the W 1/2 of NW 1/4 of Sec 1 on which Asbury M.E. Church now stands. Bounds for the next stretch of the road went West of New Haven 2 miles then South to Clark Place, thence East, passing the old fort, to the beginning. Supervisor was Martin Hitchcock.


Records show much preparation but little action from Indians in this area. Nelson Rector, one of several brothers who were surveyors, was shot from ambush as he forded North Fork Creek about 15 miles from Shawanoe town. Several Indians wounded both he and his horse on Mar. 1, 1814, but both escaped. This would have been N.W. of Ridgway or S.W. of Omaha.


Order # 147


On 2‑5‑1817 the court received a request for a road to lead from Warner Buck ferry to intersect the Shawneetown ‑ Boon's Mill road at the plantation of Thomas M. Dorris, where Brice Hannah now lives. Dorris purchased the S.W. 1/4 of Sec. 19 of Lower New Haven in 1814. A committee was appointed. This crossing in Sec. 19 was slightly North of an early country store, last operated in 1870's by William Harrelson. The road from the North which skirted the Mill Slough bank to Coffee Hill had turned to the S. East in front of St. Patricks Church. L.N. McGuire, who was born and reared on the above 1/4 section, told me he had heard the crossroad area called Mackey.






When 16 in 1923, I worked for his father Joe 1883‑1951, by going through the wheat threshing run as a bundle pitcher. They lived on and farmed the 1/4 section in front of the church. Even at that age I enjoyed hearing the older men tell of what they had seen and heard. Much of the road from the first store site in Sec. 30 is still in use as it leads toward the hills and Old Shawneetown. About a mile of the old Salt trace road in Sections 25 and 36 Ridgway Township, from the old Daily School Site to the Maloney home, is part of an improved road. This old trace or path, mentioned in letter from Gen. Harrison dated 1807, as having been used by the Indians farther back than anyone knows, was a part of the lower Equality ‑ New Haven road for many years. It followed the higher land to the old Owen Riley home in the S.W. 1/4 of Sec. 35 T8 R9 then followed the ridge bank from N.E. corner of Sec. 3 T9 R9 toward old Bradley School, and the salt works. In 1819 Brice Hannah started a tavern at his home on the Salt Trace crossroad S.E. of the future church site. William McCoy had a tavern about 3 miles to the South, on the Shawnee ‑ Boon's Mill road. About 2 1/2 miles North in Sec 12, a branch of this road became the State Road, which in turn had a branch called the Carmi Road. An early school was located near Mill Slough, on the first named branch near the home of Capt. Jess Johnson. Roads going in direction of state capitols were often called state roads. At Coffee Hill, where this road first touched the Mill Slough bank, it was joined by a branch from the East, off the salt Trace. This branch had followed the slough from the brick house, saw mill shed and pile of sawdust near the center of N.E. 1/4 of Sec. 19 T8 R10. Among my first memories are visits with my cousins, who lived there after sawmill operator Tedford and his family had started a new mill 2 miles farther East.


This old road was a part of the Shawneetown to Vincennes mail route, which was started in 1806 and crossed the Little Wabash at the rock ford at Boon's Mill. Later this became a regular stagecoach route and for that era, must have been a busy road. In the 1880's the school was replaced by a new school at Inman about 1 mile to the Northwest, in N.E corner of Sec 14. Another early mail route was advertised on May 20, 1814, as follows from Shawanoe Town by U.S. Saline, Jordan's, Great Muddy River, Little Muddy River, Coxes on Beaucoup River, Kaskaskia, and to arrive at St. Genevieve on Wednesday, 120 miles by 6 P.M., and to return and arrive at Sh. on Sunday by 10 A.M., and then leave Shawanoe on next trip by 2 P.M. Sunday. Mike Lawler 1884‑1965, whose good memory included a wealth of local hist­ory handed down by earlier generations who lived nearby, told me that at the home of Dr. James Galbraith a short distance above Coffee Hill, the stage regularly changed teams. I have seen his name often as signer of surety bonds or administrator. In 1850's he doctored the county's indigent for $100 per year and probably died about 1870. I have heard that the fine old Pierce home, built about 1840 near the center of S.W. 1/4 of Sec 6 of T8 R10, served as a stage stop. It is now known as the Green House and owned by Emmett Downen.


Michael Sprinkle is usually credited with settling in Shawneetown about 1800 and being its first white settler. There were two Sprinkles named Michael, among the several families mentioned by Edmund L. Starling, in his 1887 History of Henderson County, Kentucky, as having settled there by 1792 or soon after. He stated that these settlers depended on Gallatin Salines for salt, Going by horseback and paying as much as $10. per bushel, 2 bushel or less on each trip was all a horse could haul. The dangers and high price constituted a real hardship on these people. The competition between the races for, and the profits from the Salines, must have ­attracted a daring and determined group of saltmakers.


Blanchard Barnett 1894‑1975, of Equality (son of Reuben) told me a few years ago, that his forefathers by 1800 were engaged in the business of hauling salt, from Gallatin Salines to Ky. and Tenn., ferrying their wagon across the river on some type of ferry at Shawneetown.













The 1850 census of Eagle Precinct, Gallatin County, list Reuben age 2, as one of the large family of James C. 58 b N.Car. and Angeline Barnett age 30 also b. N. Carolina. Lucille Duffy Lawler, in her book; Gallatin County, Gateway to Illinois: quotes from Pioneer Days in the County, by the late Mrs. Gertrude Sutton of Equality. (Records in a family bible belonging to a Barnett family gives the birth date of a girl, Mary Barnett born to David and Judith Barnett on June 17, 1788. She was born near the North Fork of the Saline River, where her father had worked at the salt lick making salt.)


While the first records of territorial government sponsorship of the salt industry came with the leasing of the Gallatin Saline, to Capt. Bell of Lexington Ky. in 1803, there is evidence besides the above, that Americans were working the salines at intervals, several years earlier. Salt making became so important after a few years, that the lease fees furnished much of the government's revenue.


The trails used by the animals and Indians were much like the paths I remember in the large, barbed wire enclosed, woods pastures. They were always on the most direct or best route to the salt and water supply. If an obstruction like a fallen tree blocked the path, a long angle led around it and back to the path, if a stream furnished water, the path to the salt block was less distinct. Serving a much larger area, the trails near the sailnes were often deep cuts. As the white settlers moved into this area, their first public task was to widen and improve these trails and traces or build new roads. The salines, near Equality, became the hub of many of these early roads. Shawneetown became important soon after, as a shipping point for salt, as a landing port for new settlers, as the seat of government for the new county and the site of the land office. Gallatin had became a county in September of 1812 and one of its first acts concern­ed a new road to the salines, started by its mother county Randolph. The citizens, in a certain area or distance from the road, were ordered to cut the trees at ground level or below for a specified width of road, on the nearest and best route. Viewers had earlier been appointed to select and mark out path of the new road. Roads were often laid out from a ford across a stream to a gap in the hills. Route one goes through Dorsey Gap, which is a short distance East of the salt spring and South of the present bridge over Saline River. In the early days, a ford crossed the river here, and three roads, including the Island Ripple and Ford Ferry Roads joined here. This busy place was then called the Crossroads at the Old Frazier Place.


The Judges of the common pleas court, which governed Gallatin County, held their first meeting in January of 1813, but no records were kept of this meeting. The three Judges were Leonard White, Gabriel Greathouse and John C. Slocumb. They appointed Joseph M. Street as clerk of the court. At the May term a petition was received, from several inhabitants of Rock and Cave, asking for two roads from Barkers ferry at that place. One was to intersect the Kaskaskia to U.S. Saline Springs road at Francis Jourdans, the other to go directly to the above springs. The petition was approved and Francis and Joseph Jourdan and Chism Estes were appointed viewers, to mark the first road the nearest and best way, and Philip Coon, Lewis Barker and Isaac Casey were appointed for the latter, which was to go from the ferry to Nathaniel Armstrongs; thence across Harris Creek to a large spring; thence to cross Eagle Creek just above its forks, and thence to the U.S. Saline. Henry Ledbetter was appointed supervisor from Ohio River to Harris Creek and John B. Stovall for the rest of way to Salines. They were given the right to call out all hands within 6 miles of said road, to cut it out and keep it in repair. They sometimes built bridges over streams, but usually crossed at fords. If the ford was miry, they often built what was called a mud bridge, by cutting long poles and sinking them into the mud, close together to last for many years of solid footing.













There are 126 pages of proceedings, in the Gallatin County record book of 1813 to 1820. Nine pages of the Gallatin section of Goodspeed's 1887, five county History, are from these records. Space limited their account of these interesting records as it will in my case.


The viewers and supervisors on these roads were probably selected as leaders on these projects because of knowledge of the area or its people and interest in and ability for the job. I found only a few cases in which leaders were paid for their services. In the 1850's, records show that as much as 5 days labor on roads could be required of every ablebodied man. A few were granted exemptions for sickness or disabilities.


Constables were appointed at the May 25, 1813 meeting as follows; Lemuel Harrison for Big Creek Township, John Jackson for Granpier, Asa Ledbetter for Rock and Cave, John Forester for Shawanoe, Seth Hargrave for Saline, Joshua Biggs for Prairie and Reuben Bellah for Pond Township. Plans and specifications for a jail, on the public square, with pillory and atocks, were discussed and approved. Alexander Wilson, Michael Jones, Joseph H. Street, Cornellus Lafferty and Henry Oldham or any three of them, were appointed commissioners and authorized to let contract for the jail. The lower cell, 10 ft square, was surrounded by 3 walls of 10 inch hewed oak logs or 30 inches of wall. On top of this cell was another, 13' and 4" square. Iron was used on door and as bars on windows. More than a page in the record book was for specifications, part of which are in Goodspeed's History. A 40 foot stray pen was included, the square posts to be of black locust, sassafras or mulberry, the ralls of oak not more than 8' long or less than 6" wide, height was to be 5 feet, the ralls at least 3" thick. License for a tavern on the Island Ripple Road was issued to Hazle Moreland Sr., Gabriel Greathoune and Thomas M. Dorris were also issued tavern licenses for their homes in Shawanoe Town, fees for first were $8 and for the latter $12 each, all were required to give bonds of $300.00, rates were set at $.25 per meal, lodging at $.125, hay or fodder for horse one night $.25, oats or corn $.125 per gallon, prices were also set for 11 alcoholic drinks from 1/2 pint to 1 quart. At next meeting 10 A.M. on May 26, 1813 rates of taxation were set. The ferry rates for license were set as follows; all ferries on Ohio River at $10 per yr., the ferry at Saline $5., the Island Ripple ferry $5, the ferry next above the mouth of Saline Creek $2, ferry at falls of Little Wabash $1, and the ferries on the Big Wabash $4 each.


They heard petitions claiming infirmities from Samuel Littel, Jessee Stoney, Aaron Treadway & Samuel Carnick. It appeared to the court that they labor under infirmities, that disable them from performing ordinary manual labor, and should be exonerated from paying taxes.


They ordered, that order of Court of Common pleas of Randolph County establishing a road from the ferry at Shawanoetown to the U.S. Saline Salt Works be renewed, John Robinson Sr. was appointed supervisor, in place of William Cheek, from Island Ripple to salt works and Hazle Moreland was appointed supervisor from ferry to Island Ripple. All the hands on both sides of the road within 4 miles are hereby required to work on said road. This road shall extend to the old ford on Saline Creek below the Half Moon. Court adjourned till next day May 27, 1813.


Court approved Abner Howell as administrator of estate of John Seaburn, decd. and approved Thomas Hays as his security and appointed John Lucas, John Bradbury and Samuel Slocumb as appraisers of estate.


David Shearer approved as administrator of Godfrey Shearer decd. estate, with Thomas Boatright as security in sum of $600.


Thomas Wallace application as administrator of estate of West Westley, decd. with Sampson Dunn and Dennis Clay as security for $500. Court appointed Wallace and Dunn, James Steel and Alexander Blair as eatate appraisers.


Sept. 6, 1813, Elisha Hall approved as administrator on estate of James Hall with William Wheeler and Samuel Bratton as sec. for $2000. Hall, Bratton, Thompson H.



Harris Jr., Abram H. McCool, Nicholas Copeland and John B. Stoveall were directed to appraise Hall's estate.


Charles Wilkins and Co. were granted license for tavern at Saline Salt Works, fes $12 and Belam May received license for tavern at Island Ripple for a fee of $7.00. John Davis was granted license to keep a tavern in his home, fee $4.00.


Next came an entry from Randolph County Court, December of 1810 license granted to Alexander Wilson, to keep a ferry from the rocks near upper end of Shawanoetown, and to cross the river Ohio with rates the same as Fritz Holts ferry on Ohio. He was allowed the following rates; wagon and 2 horses or oxen $1; same with 2 wheels $.75; person over 7 yrs horse or mule $.25; meat cattle $.125; sheep or hogs $.0625 each

Sept. 25, 1813, Salley Montgomery (widow of Thomas late of Ark.) named guardian of their daughter, an infant named Polly. James & Jacob Wallace named as her security in amount of $2,000. The itemized value of personal property of earlier named estates was listed by appraisers prior to auction of same.

Sept. 28, 1813, Court received petition from James HcFarlane and other inhabit­ant of Big Creek Twp. praying for establishment of a road from McFarlane's ferry on Ohio River the neareat and best way to the United States Saline Salt Works, and it appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that the proper legal notices have been given. It is ordered that William Frizell, Elisa Jourdan, Peter Etter and Lewis Watkins or any 3 of them do view and mark out the several routs of said road and report proceedings at next court.

Sept. 29, 1813 license was approved for operation of ferry by James McFarlane on land owned by U.S. on which he resides. Rates were set as above.


Court accepted motion by John Rheburne and petition of a number of Pond and Shawanoetown inhabitants asking for a road, from said Rheburne's Ferry on Wabash, to Shawanoetown. Court appointed Rheburne, ? Craig, Jonathan Hampton, Dennis Clay and Frederick Buck to lay out road the nearest and best way from said ferry (later Buck's) to Shawanoetown.


Ordered that Phillip Hinson be fined $l, for profanely swearing in the presence of

this court. Also approved payment for election in 1812, 1 full round record book and paper etc. by clerk $62, to Thomas M. Dorris for building estray pen $11.875, and 8 days rent of room in home for court. use $12, to Isaac Dorris for erecting pillory and stocks $17.


On motion of Joseph Boone and petition of a number of inhabitants of Pon, Prairie and

Shawanoe Townships, praying for a road fron John Hanna's, from Big Prairie to pass

Joseph Boone's mill on little Wabash to Shawanoetown. It was ordered that John Hanna,

Samuel Slocumb, Joseph Boone, Ezekiel Hyde and Joseph Clark or any 3 of them view and mark out said road, the best and nearest way and report to next term of court.


On motion of John Davis and petition of number of inhabitants of Shawanoe Twp. for a road from said Davis's ferry to intersect Davenport's road, it is ordered that John Williams, Benjamin Kuykendall, Isaac Hogan, Thomas Gossip? & John Davis view and mark out said road and report to next term of court. Joseph Boone and James Gaston were appointed overseers of poor for Pond Township after which court adjourned until Jan, 17, 1814 when Russell E. Heacock asked for a ferry license, at his improvement in Sec. 17 R10 T12 on Ohio River.


They also appointed Jeptha? Hardin as attorney or council for the court. Samuel Omelvany was appointed commissioner to take a list of taxable property in Gallatin County in year of 1814.

Jan. 20, 1814 Approved McFarlane Ferry road as laid out as follows; from ferry on Ohio, thence to Absolem Estes, thence near to Nathan Clampets, thence to where Betty Pankey lives on Big Creek, thence to Elias Jourdans and thence to Lewis Watkins taking the old road to Willis Hargrave's Salt Works. All hands within 6 miles on each side of road, are alotted to it


Harrison Wilson, by his attorney Thomas C. Browne, moved that court grant him license for ferry across Ohio opposite Shawneetown at the rocks.



May 16, 1814, Polly Gatlin, administratrix of the eatate of Benjamin Kuykendall, dec'd William Strong, Littlepage Proctor and Isaac Hogan were appraisers of personal property of this rather large (Bowlesville ?) estate. Appraisal was $912. The necessities of a household and their value at the time are interesting today.


Next entry was expenses of administrator, Phillip Coon on estate of George Coon dec'd 1812. To bal. of old act. due me $1, cash paid Doctors Steel & Sharp; 3 months feeding mare $6; paid Padfield for 6 planks $.75; pd. F. Wood for coffin $.75; pd. Jacob Wallace $1; my trouble in time of his business $4.50; by cash in my hand at time of decease $9.50; bal. $15; Benjamin Coon appeared before N.S. Dallam a J.P. of Christian County Ky. and acknowledged truth of above amounts.


E. Wilson and H. Wilson admx. and admr. of estate of Alexander Wilson dec'd (the ferry operator and owner) produced into court an inventory and prayed that it be recorded. Items of this non‑farm household etc. follow.


A large Kittle‑‑‑       $7.            1 rifle gun   $18.   a beaureau       $15.

Large pot               4.            3 feather beds       2 dining tables  10.

Small pot               1.50          and furniture  60.   1 cupboard       12.

Teakettle               1.50          1 do           30.   a black horse     55.

large Dutch oven        2.            3 do           90.   3 cows            30.

two small do            3.            2 do           30.   a total of      $580.875

1 coffee boiler         2.            2 beds         30.   Eight negroes in

2 large kittles         14.            1 sette        18.25 Union County Ky.

3 water buckets         1.12½         1 bottle case  12.   appraised total of

1 small still           35.            1 writing desk 10.   $1825. by John Craw,

10 Windsor chairs        2.50          1 sugar desk    4.   Gabriel Greathouse,

1 keg juniper berries   15.            Desk of drawers 8.  Michael Sprinkle & J. Adam


Viewers of road from Rheburns Ferry to Shawneetown, Frederlck Buck, Samuel Craig and John Roberson made their report and court appointed Buck as supervisor, with orders to cut out road 16 feet wide. All hands within 6 miles on either side of said road are ordered to work on said road.


On motion of John Sherrer and petition of other inhabitants living in S.W. end of county for a road from said Sherrer's ferry on Ohio R. to U.S. Saline, also a road from ferry to Francis Jourdan's and road leading in the best and most direct way to Kaskaskia or Cape Girardeau. Ordered that James Street, Albert Rose and Elisha Colbert be viewers on road from Sherrer's ferry to U.S. Saline, that Strangeman Maudgelin, (Big) David Trammell and Thomas Boatright be viewers on Jordan's road and Ezekiel Clay, Thomas Wallace and Charles Meeks view and lay out road to Kaskaskias, then report findings to next court.


Russell E. Heacock asked court again to approve ferry at his improvement made by Jacob McDonald in 1808 on Sec. 17 R10 T12 or about 1 1/2 miles above the Cave.


Jonathan Ramsay and Randolph Casey moved the court to grant them a public ferry across the Ohio River on the 1/4 Sec. whereon Casey and Jacob McDonald formerly lived. This request continued until tomorrow.


Court appointed these constables; for Sh. Twp. Philip Buckner, John Frazer and John Forrester: for Prarie Twp. Absolem Hurt & Hugh Collins: for Pond Twp. David Taid and Pyrie Robinson: for Saline, John Collins and Nicholas Wren: for Rock & Cave Twp. Asa Ledbetter & Isaac Casey: for Big Creek Twp. Lewis Pankey: for Granpier Twp. John Jackson & Ezekiel Clay. For fence viewers they appointed; for Shawanoe, Cornelius Laffer­ty, John G. Wilson & John Murphy: for Prairie Twp. James Garrison, H'y Jones and William McCown: for Saline Twp. Joseph Jourdan, John Wren & William Maxwell: for Rock & Cave, Philip Coon, James Hull & Robert ?: Granpier, Isham Clay, Joshua Williams & Alexander Blair: Big Creek: William Pankey, Isham Harrison & William Eubanks; for Pond Twp. Thomas Wilson, Charles Sparks & Frederick Buck.






May 17, 1814 Rates were set for Rheburn's ferry across the Wabash River as follows: 4 wheel carriage and teams $1: 2 wheel carriage. & teams $.50: man & horse $.25: horned cattle, horse or man $.125: hogs, sheep or goats $.0625.

Isaac Casey was appointed supervisor on Barkers Ferry road in place of Henry Ledbetter, from Ohio to the Cedar Bluff (Cedar Bluff School was on road running South to present day Elizabethtown, in south center of Section 29 of Eagle Creek Twp). A new and stronger lock for new Jail approved.


May 18, 1814 Tax rates were set for 1814. Ferry taxation for various rivers set. Wilson's Ferry $10: Flinn's $10: Barkers $10: McFarlane's $10. Shearer's $1: Widow Davis $1: Mays $5: Rheburn's $2: W.T. Codd's $2: Boons $2: Raglins $1: Lessee of U.S. Saline $5 adjourned.


May 23, 1814 Eli Young deceased, his widow Nancy asked for and was granted letter of administration, estate value about $250 with bond $400 security by Michael Jones, Stephen Hog and Boston? Daimwood, who with William Thompson are to appraise estate.


June 25, 1814 Edward D. Prather deceased, John Frazer adm. bond $500, security William Sutton and Ennis Frazer


July 8, 1814 James Wheeler deceased, widow Katey appointed. admx. bond $200, security by Joseph M. Street and Guy W. Smith.


July 9, 1814 Moses Moore deceased, widow Priscilla appointed admx, bond $300 sec. Wyat Atkins and George Patterson who with Joseph Boone shall appraise estate. William Lee decd, admr Jeremiah Sessenbro, bond $200, security John Appling and Charles Sessenbro.


July 22, 1814 Christopher Wright decd, admr. Abram McCool, bond $100 with James and

William Willis as his security.


July 26, 1814 John Ritchie decd, admx. Polly Ritchie, $600 by Page Proctor & William Wheeler.


Aug. 1, 1814 Nathan Hearn decd, admx. Suey Ann Hearn, $1200 by John Blakely and Samuel Omelvany.


Aug. 20, 1814 Stephen Phillips, decd, admr. John Phillips $200 by Elijah Anderson & Isaac Ross.


Sept. 3, 1814 Edmund Rose, decd admr. Henry Rose and Thomas Rose, $600 by

Strangeman Maudgelin, Samuel Omelvany and Sampson Dennis. Appraisers were Strangeman Maudgelin, Ezekiel McCoy, Samuel Hog & Samuel Roberts.


Joseph Boon asks that the sheriff summon 12 lawful men, to meet at Boon's mill seat Sec. 18 T7 R10, where he is proprietor of land on both sides of Little Wabash River and assess damages as agreeable to law.

      Ordered that Cornelius Lafferty be and is appointed supervisor on road at Sh. ferry landing, at the rocks opposite the shop of John Craw to Hazel Moreland's, on the Saline road. Bounds for hands to work this road: begin at John Craw shop in Shawanoetown including it, thence to Boston Daimwood's including him, thence to include Hazel Moreland, thence crossing said road to include Starkes, thence to mouth of Saline Creek, thence up Ohio to beginning.

Appointed James Trousdale as supervisor of this road from Moreland's where Lafferty's boundary ends to the Island Ripple on Saline Creek. Bounds for hands: begin where Lafferty's line ends at Barton Dainwood's thence to Bout well’s including him, thence to Archibald Robertson's, thence to include John Clarke, thence to include James Dillard, thence to include William Willis, thence to Island Ripple, thence down Saline Creek to its mouth, thence with the line of C. Lafferty by Starkes & Moreland's to beginning at Boston Dainwood's.


Sept. 20, 1814 James S. Petty and John Ormsby paid license for keeping tavern in their houses in Shawanoetown. Fee was $10.




Sept. 20, 1814 cont: On petition of number of inhabitants of North End of Gallatin County (present day White County) the court appoints William McCoy, James Gaston, Aaron Williams, Michael Sprinkle and John Mobley to view and lay out a road from Thomas Randolph's in the Big Prairie, passing James Gaston’s and thence the nearest and best way to the public square in Shawanoetown.


Ordered that James Steel be supervisor of road to be cut out from Shearer’s Ferry to the crossing at Mogilin's Mile road. Elbert Rose from Mogilin's Crossing to the top of cliff between Granpier and Eagle Creek and Elisha Colbert be supervisor from this point to U.S. Saline. They shall have the road cut out at least 18 ft. from the cliff to Hargrave's Works, they shall keep this width road in order, as the law provides. The hands on 6 miles on either side of this road shall be called to work this road. This road was laid out as follows: Begin at ferry on Ohio thence to lick on waters of 3 mile creek, thence along dividing ridge between waters of Three Mile Creek and Big Creek keeping a direct course and running between where the widow Rose and Elbert Rose now live, thence nigh to where Henn? now lives just past Capt. Colbert's, thence to Badger's, thence to Sees and to Hargrave's works at the U.S. Saline. Signed by Elisha (his X mark) Colbert and James Steel. Payment approved of $29.25 to James Garrison for feeding and caring for stray horses: & $6 to M. Sprinkle, election Judge, John Frazer, coroner for 2 inquests, plus other charges.


John Black, William Wheeler and William Gordon appraisers of John Ritchie estate.


Property of Stephen Phillips deceased sold on Aug.30, 1814, buyers follow; Samuel Pepper 1 matlock $.375: Elisha Anderson 1 howel? $.125: pall $.4325: Abel Cock pail $.25: same 1 crop of corn $2.75, same 31 1/2 bushel corn $6.125: Isaac Cok 7 sheets of paper $.0625: Samuel Pepper to improvement $10.625: Nancy Phillips cotton $.125, 1 bridle bit $.625, 1 mare, colt & saddle $25: 1 oven & pot $.50: 1 blanket $.125: pen knife $.0625: 1 bundle clothes $1: 1 book $.0625: Jesse Watkins 1 razor $.5625, Isaac Ross 1 pair gallises $.0625.

Ordered that sheriff pay assignee of John C. Slocumb $292 as second 1/2 or final payment for Jail.


May 1, 1815 John C. Slocumb, Leonard White and Thomas E. Craig, esquires, produced their commissions as judges and qualified agreeably to law and took their seats as Judges of county court of Gallatin County.

On the motion of Leonard White and Lowry Hay, having shown court that they are proprietors of land on both sides of Little Wabash River, ask that 12 discreet men be summoned to examine their mill seat on NE 1/4 of Section 13 T5 R9 East and make due return to next term of court.

Nov. 14, 1814 Last will of George Greer admitted. Proven by oaths of Thomas & Aaron Williams. William Kirk, deceased James S. Petty adm'r. Thomas Rose deceased, Strangeman Maudglin and Elbert Rose applied for letter of adm. on 11‑23‑1814 with Jesse Strong & Nathan Clampet as security for $600 bond, William Andrews, Daniel Vineyard, Abram Womack & Samuel Hogg appointed as appraisers.

Feb. 7, 1815 Nimrod Taylor deceased, his brother Merrit Taylor applied for letter of adm. John Groves & George Ragland security for $200, Paul Abner, Thomas Wilson, Tyrie Robinson and Alexander Clarke were appointed as Appraisers. On Feb. 20, 1815 Jonathan Stewart applied for letter of administration on estate of Simon Stewart deceased, bond set at $700 with Daniel Brown and John Lucas as security. They with Daniel Boultinghouse and Wyatt Adkins were appointed appraisers. On same date letter of administration was applied for on estate of Charles Stewart deceased, bond was set at $200, with same security and appraisers as above.

Feb. 25, 1815 Richard Haynes applied for letter of administration on estate of Charles Burney deceased bond of $100 with Wyatt Adkins and George Norris as security. On Mar. 1, 1815 Harrison Wilson applied for letter of administration on estate of Arnold Adkinson deceased. Bond set at $200. with James S. Petty & William C. Vaught security. On May 1, 1815 letter of administration was given Susannah Willis on estate of her husband James Willis deceased, bond $300. John Ormsby & Archibald Roberts as security

         Jan.30‑1815 letter of administration was given Elizabeth and Abraham Granger on estate of William Granger deceased, bond of $600 with Caleb Baldwin Orson Conway as security.


On Jan. 9, 1815 William Roark applied for letters of administration on estate of Matthew Ward deceased, bond of $300 set with John Gilbert & William Sutton as security. Thomas Hatfield, John Frazer and William Adkins and above named shall appraise. On Dec. 10, 1814 Stephen Beck became adm. on estate of David Slocumb deceased, bond of $400 with M. S. Davenport and Patsy Slocumb as security agreeable to law. Thomas Randolph, Aaron Williams, John Hannah, Henry Jones and James Garrison or any three of them are appointed as appraisers of said estate.


May 1, 1815 continued. Constables appointed for Shawanoe Twp. Benjamin R. Smith, Hugh B. Johnson and Adrian Davenport.

Overseers of the poor were appointed as follows, Saline Twp. Stephen Hogg and Willis Hargrave, for Shawanoe Twp: Samuel W. Kimberly & James S. Petty, for Pond Twp. Benjamin McGhee and Samuel Morris, Prairie Twp. James Hannah & George McCown Jr. for Rock and Cave Twp. Phillip Coon & Lewis Barker: Granpier Twp. Samuel Omelvany & Alexander Blair. Adjourned until tomorrow.


May 2, 1815 First order was to pay John Caldwell $74 for rent of house for use as a Jail. Next was a declaration that house built by order of court on the plan of Shawanoetown, on lot #1111 is hereby declared to be the Common Jail for Gallatin County until the further order of this court.

Willis Hargrave through his attorney Russell E. Heacock again made motion that he be allowed to establish a ferry opposite Lots #1210, 1211 & 1212 in Shawanoetown. The court again decided that the ferry already established was sufficient to do all necessary ferrying with ease.

The writ of Ad‑quo‑damnum granted at Sept. term of court in 1814 was return­ed and the inquest and return was quashed and set aside, it not having been made agreeably to law by Joseph M. Street and Joseph Boone. At the following May term it was resubmitted by Street for the court to grant him a mill at seat on said Little Wabash. The 12 man Jury stated that they had viewed the situation and are of the opinion, that a 6 foot high dam will do no injury to the land of any person, and that a good mill at aforesaid place will be of great public utility. John C. Slocumb, Judge, alleged that he thought it would flood his spring and then retired off the bench. The petitioner then shewed the court, that after the mill was erected if damage was caused, a jury could still assess damages as though no mill had been built. It was put off until next court since only one Judge was left.


On motion of Joseph Boon, by his attorney Thomas C. Brown it is ordered that a writ of Ad‑quo‑damnum etc. be issued for a jury to review and condemn a mill seat on the said Boon's lands on Little Wabash. The jury to meet on June 1, 1815. Next came a petition from Shawanoe Twp. for a road from Shawanoe Town to Joseph Owens furnaces upon the North Fork of Saline Creek at the U.S. Saline. Ordered that Benjamin Mosby, John Murphy, Barton Dain­wood and Cornelius Lafferty or any 3 of them review the said road, commencing at western most end of main cross street, and then nearest and best way to Owen furnaces and report to next term of this court.


Ordered that a road be viewed from line dividing this and Edwards county Thence to Big Prairie at Thomas Randolph's, that Joseph Pomeroy, Aaron Williams and Alexander Clark view road from Randolph's to James Gaston Sr., that James Gaston, William McCoy and Michael Sprinkle view said road to Bucks Road and then to Shawanoetown.

John Frazer adm. of estate of John Starke deceased asked for more bond. Granddaughter Polly Hooper, daughter of William Hooper deceased who intermarried with daughter of Stephen Beck; viz the said Beck is hereby appointed guardian of the infant Polly Hooper upon making bond of $800.

The road to Joseph Owens furnaces on North Fork is blazed and marked by viewers to cross Cypress Creek at its Sandy Ford. We believe it will be at least 4 miles closer than the Island Ripple road. Said road shall be cut out and be kept in repair 15 feet wide. Bounds for hands viz. Beginning at the point where Cornelius Lafferty's branch intersects S.W. part of Shawanoetown thence up said branch to C. L's thence a straight line to Joshua (Seaton or Sextons ?) old place, thence to mouth of Cypress Creek, thence up Saline Creek to North Fork thence up its N.F. to include Joseph Owen's establishment, thence to Michael Robinson’s­, thence to include Stephen Boutwell, thence to include Jepthah Hardin, thence to beginning, including the hands at Owen furnaces on North Fork.



Joseph Boon adm. of estate of Charles Lessenb?re deceased, returned to court an inventory and appraisal of above estate and filed same in clerks office.

Alexander Hamilton adm. of estate of Martin Whitford deceased, returned an inventory and account of sales of decedents estate to be recorded.

Mary Blackford adm'x of estate of Nathaniel Blackford deceased, returned an inventory and appraisement of said estate to be filed and recorded.

The court approved new road, from where Edwards Courthouse road intersects the line dividing Gallatin and Edwards County, to be cut out 15 ft in width. James Mereday is appointed supervisor from Edwards line to Thomas Randolph's and to Daniel Brown's. Bounds for hands as follows; From Brown's to Fox River ?Mines? to include the settlement on Crooked Creek. Jonathan Stewart be supervisor from said Brown's to said Randolph's on Big Prairie, bounds begin at Wabash, thence to include Aaron Williams, thence to Little Wabash including the widow Council. On the next part of the road beginning at James Gaston Sr. thence to Shawanoetown, as marked by the reviewers to intersect Bucks road. Brice Hannah is hereby appointed supervisor of this road from James Gaston Sr. to upper edge of Nettle Bottom and William McCoy supervisors from here to Shawanoetown.

Archibald Roberts adm'r of estate of John Jackson returned appraisal and inventory to be filed and recorded.

John S. Pet?rillo was appointed constable of Big Creek Twp. and John Trous­dale was appointed constable of Granpier with James Trousdale as security. Chattin Scroggin was appointed for Rock & Cave Twp.

Elizabeth Greer adm’x of estate of John Greer resigned in favor of Nancy Greer.

On motion of William T. Codd it is ordered that Joseph Boone, Royall Potter and Ezekiel Hide review a road from Codd’s ferry on Big Wabash to the United States Saline Tavern and report to this court at February term.


A number of citizens having procured 2 lots (#1113 & 1114) for a public square for erecting a courthouse in Shawanoetown have given bond of $5,000 to Judges of this court for erecting a courthouse and other public buildings. An order that the courthouse be built upon these lots, belonging to Gallatin County and appointed Thomas Sloo, John Caldwell and Joseph M. Street as commissioners to let contract to lowest bidder to construct as to plan.


Nathan Clampet, Daniel Vineyard, Benjamin Walden and Edmund Baker were named as supervisors on road from McFarlane Ferry to Willis Hargrave salt works. Hands within 3 miles of either side of road to work on same.

Asa Ledbetter named guardian of Polly Montgomery with Chattin & John Scroggin as security for $700. Polly was an infant.

George Codd admtr of estate of his brother William T. Codd, security of $8,000 by James Ratcliff & Harrison Wilson.


May 5, 1815, Leonard White admtr of estate of Caleb Baldwin deceased, Moses Garrett and John Murphy given as security. On the same day came Nathaniel Blackford and applied for letter of adm. on estate of Nathaniel Young deceased., with Alexander Hamilton and Jonathan Stewart as his security.


Nov. 30, 1815 Daniel McHenry named adm. of estate of Thomas Chambers. Archibald Roberts and John Gillison named as security.


Jan. 2, 1816 Patience Anderson named adm'x. on estate of Elijah Anderson deceased.

Jesse Watkins and Samuel Hill named as security.


Jan. 17, 1816 Joseph M. Street named adm. of estate of William Speed deceased. Michael

Jones and Jepthah Hardin signed as security.


Ordered that John Groves, Elias Baldwin and Brice Hanna or 2 of them review a road from the crossing below Boone's Mill on Little Wabash the nearest and best way to intersect road leading from Gaston's to Shawnee.






Jan. 1816 Amy Thompson adm’x. of Daniel Thompson deceased.

Betsy Rose appointed guardian to Polly, Henry and Pleasant Rose infant children, under age of 14, of Edmund Rose deceased. Bond by Elbert Rose.

      Francis Adams Ritchie and Willie Simpson Ritchie came into court, and made voluntary choice of Lewis Kuykendall as their guardian. Bond by John Lane.

Mar 26, 1816 John Marshall named adm. of estate of Abner Frazer deceased.


Ordered that John Reed be appointed guardian to David Roarch & Akers Ellison, under age of 14, for purpose of binding them out to John Murphy.

May 13, 1816 Thomas Wilson named adm. of estate of Charles Sparks deceased. 8‑19‑1816 Court opened by Judges Leonard White and John Marshall.

May 22, 1816 Jeremiah Vinson obtained letter of adm. on estate of Arthur Vinson.


William McFarlane, adm. of estate of Marvell McFarlane deceased, William Scott, atty. Upon the petition of divers inhabitants of this county setting forth that they labor under great inconvenience for want of a road or highway, to lead from Shawanoetown, by Davis ferry on the Saline Creek, to the county line between this county and Pope, where the road from Pope courthouse intersects said line near Nathan Clampets. Court names Joseph Pate, Abram Hawkins and Robert Kisterson view proposed road and decide if such road is needed and if so to mark out same having respect for best ground & nearest distance for same. They shall report their proceedings at next court.


Apr 27, 1816 Received report of viewers appointed at last court on road

starting at Saline tavern and passing Owen's mud cistern, crossing the N. Fork near the mouth of the White Oak Branch (near future Elba) Thence across the N.E. Fork (Cane Creek) at or near the mouth of the Village Branch to the county line. Richard Maulding and Elias Chaffin viewers. (Comment: The mud cistern above was storage for salt water pumped more than a mile through wood pipes. Straight logs 16 to 20 ft. long and at least 10 inches thick on small end were selected, a hole 4 inches in diameter was bored, through length of log. To prevent splitting, a metal band was placed around large end of log, then hole was enlarged to receive small end which had been sharpened. N. Glover, of Equality, told me that he had seen an early pump which he described as made almost completely of wood and leather. After the timber near the salt water source was used as fuel, the water was more easily moved than the large amount of wood required to evaporate the salt water in the salt kettles. I have one of these old cast iron kettles, which I found on the farm, left there by the earlier owners, the Kanady family about 1900. They were earlier used as livestock water troughs after the decline of the salt industry in this area. At first, hollow or cupped out logs served for this. I have heard of two other salt works alone the

Old Shawneetown ‑ Equality road. It was on or near old Route 13 built in early

1920's. One of the works was on small branch at early road Junction, now the home of John and Lena (Hemphill) Carter, the other a short distance to the West on the Beatty farm.)


July 22, 1816, Nancy Morris the widow rec'd adm’x. papers on estate of James Morris deceased, bond $500, with Arvine Wilson & William Morris as security.


Aug. 19, 1816, Leonard White and wife, Julian White produced a deed conveying land to Elisha Boyd of Berkley County Va. this land being 1/4 interest in a tract conveyed to her father James Graham by John B. & William Craigheel and their wives. Said tract was located in Berkley co. Va. Acknowledgement of this deed by Julian White before Benjamin Talbott and John Craw, JP's of Gallatin County Ill.


Aug. 2, 1815 William McCoy rec'd letter of adm. on estate of Samuel Duvall deceased. Sec. by William Duvall and John Duvall.


Aug. 20, 1816 Court met and granted letters of administration to following.

John Marshall, adm. of estate of Charles Sparks deceased. Elizabeth Crenshaw and Abraham Crenshaw on estate of William Crenshaw deceased. Last will of Thomas E. Craig admitted, James Weir & James Craig adm'rs, Bond $10,000. with Samuel Campbell and John McLean as security and David Apperson, William C. Vaught, Henry Oldham and Parmenus Redman as appraisers of estate.



Aug. 20, 1816 Jacob Barger and Marmaduke S. Davenport appointed by Gallatin Co. court as overseers of poor in Shawanoetown Township.

      Ordered that Joseph M. Street, Ephraim Hubbard and Samuel Hayes be commissioners and any two of them to act, to contract for building a new jail, on plan of the old one, or to contract for purchase of and removal of old jail to the public square. They shall report to the next court.

Oct. 16, 1816 came Richard Champney and was named administrator of est. of Thomas Champney deceased. John Marshall administrator of estate of Abner Frazer deceased.

Mary Johnson formerly Mary Gatlin earlier named adm’x. of Benjamin Kuykendall.

Nov.20‑1816 Received request for road from U.S. Saline to county line in beat direction towards St Louis Mo. appointed Nicholas Copeland, Wm. Brown & James Ross to view. On request for road from U.S.8aline to Boon's Mill, appointed to view same were Brice Hannah, Thomas Dorris & Joseph Clark. Court ordered that Joseph Boone, James Barnhill and Merritt Taylor lay out road from Nathaniel Lacy's to Boons Mill nearest & best way and report to next court.

      Ordered that hand a within following bounds work on road from Shawanoetown to Hazel Moreland's upon the ridge. From Dr. Henry Oldham's corner, thence to include Boston Daimwood, thence to Hazel Moreland's, thence across the road to include John Frazer, thence to mouth of Saline River, thence to beginning.

      Ordered that a courthouse be built for Gallatin County in Shawneetown that it be built of brick and two stories high. David Apperson, John Marshall and Samuel Hayes shall make out plan and let contract to lowest bidder and to complete in shortest time that they deem practicable.

      Pay Thomas M. Dorris $30 for use of his house as courthouse including this court term.

      Ordered that road from Joseph Owens at U.S. Saline to Boon's mill be cut out 16 ft. wide, and intersect Shawanoetown to Boon's mill road. Stephen Boutwell shall be supervisor from Saline to John McLaughlin's and Joseph Clark from McLaughlin's to Brice Hannah's. Court also ordered that James Burnett be supervisor on McFarland's road from Peter Etters to Willis Hargrave’s.

      Also ordered that a public road be laid out from Warner Buck's ferry to intersect the road from Boon's Mill to Shawneetown at the Thos. M. Dorris plantation where Brice Hannah now lives. (SW 1/4 Sec.19 Lower N.H. twp. At this time clerk began spelling name as 8hawneetown) Hannah, James Clift and Warner Buck appointed as supervisor to lay out road on best and shortest way.

      Received petition for road from Island Ripple to intersect the Shawnee to U.S. Saline road as laid out by congress.

      Feb. 14, 1817 a special court held at the house of Adolphus F. Hubbard in Shawneetown, present Stephen Hogg and Marmaduke S. Davenport. Property tax rate set as follows: Each horse or mule $.50, each bond servant or slave $1, on each able bodied single man over 21 yrs not possessing $200 of taxable property $1, Wilson's ferry across Ohio River $10, Barker's ferry over same $5, Buck's ferry on Big Wabash $5, Boon's ferry on Little Wabash $5, All ferries across the Saline Creek $5.00. Rates were set with little change, except that man & horse became $.375; person, horse or mule $.185, on Ohio ferries. Rates on Wabash slightly less and others about 1/2 of first, wagon & team $.50: man and horse $.125: person, horse, mare, mule or cow $.065.

      Apr.14, 1817 Reuben Bellah rec'd letter of administration on estate of Samuel Curnick deceased. Bond set at $200 with Thomas C. Gaston and Robert R. Gaston as sec.

      May 16, 1817 Last will of James Barnhill deceased, witnesses Brice Hannah and Joseph Riley etc.

      Roger Glass, executor of last will of Jacob Self, deceased.

      Approved license to Squire Brown, fee $10 to sell at retail spirits and liquors, at his stand in Shawneetown. Security was John G. Wilson.

      Appointed William Duvall supervisor on road from Shawneetown to Buck's ferry.

      Appointed Simon M. Hubbard as guardian of Alexander Taylor an infant under 14 yrs. He to bind said infant out till age 21 so that he may receive an education and learn some trade or profession.








      Nov.23, 1818 Court consisting of John Marshall, John G. Daimwood and Andrew Wilkins allowed Thomas Barlow 64, on has having produced legal evidence that he had killed two grown wolves after act passed in 1816.

      Upon payment or $1. to clerk and {4. to county licenses to keep taverns were issued to John Black, for 1 year at his stand, Isaac Baldin at his house in county also, Neil Thompson also in county, Joseph Riddles county.

      John Cowan, Shubael Fuller, Simon S. Cade and Henry Nichols were granted licenses for taverns in their houses in Shawneetown as was John Forrester .

      On petition of inhabitants; Ordered that Isaac Baldin, John Black, Neil Thompson and Alexander McElroy, or any three of them, mark and lay out a road, the nearest and best way from Flinn's Ferry on the Ohio to the U.S. Saline and tavern. They shall report to next court.


      Received report of viewers on road from Shawanoetown to meet the road from Golconda at line dividing this and Pope counties. Appointed McElroy supervisor from 1/2 mi. of home to Pott's ferry on Saline Creek and John Scroggins from county line to McElroy's jurisdiction. At the ferry road shall connect with old route to Shawanoetown. New road to be cut out 15 ft.


      Received report of viewers of road from Frazer's ferry on Ohio to Shawanoetown; beginning at ferry thence as marked to Doctor McElroy's, intersecting at his house, the road from Golconda to Shawanoetown and then following it.

      Nov. 24, 1818 appointed, John Caldwell, Marmaduke S. Davenport, Oliver C. Vanlandingham, Michael Jones, Robert Peeples and Moses M. Rawlings as commissioners, and for 3 of them to form a board to have the present jail house that county has bought of Jones and Smith, removed to Lots # 1113 & 1114 in Shawanoetown. These lots purchased by county for county use. The jail had been built on land purchased at sale of public lands, by William Jones and Charles Smith of Vincennes Ind.


      John Forester presented claim against county for services rendered, during absence of coroner, for summoning a jury and attending them whilst examining the body of John Davis who was murdered in county. Was paid $4.

      Joseph M. Street was paid $60 for 2 years salary, and $40 for making two copies of commissioners record books, for each of years 1816 and 1817.


      From Aug. 15, 1815 to Jan. 6, 1819 taxes on retail stores were as follows.


Weir & Campbell  $45;   John Marshall   $45;   David Apperson          $45;

Weir & Craig then Weir & Vanlandingham  $45;   Samuel $ J. Hayes       $45

Saline Store   $45;   J. Waggoner      $15;   W. C. Vaught & Co       $15

Owen Reiley      30;   R. Peeples        15;   Peeples & Kirkpatrick   $15

T. M. Dorris    15;   Ashby & Vaught    15;   W. R. Bowen & Co.        15

Frazer          15;   E. Rutter         15;   Reynolds & Child         15

Smith           15;   S. Brown          15;   J. Cowan                 15

William Caldwell 15;   J.D. Timmona      15;   C. Meaks $15;   Sloo     15


      Apr. 19, 1819 The last official act of the old court of common pleas at Shawanoetown, was to lay off the county into five townships or election districts, as follows, Viz. Beginning with the Rock and Cave, on the Ohio, thence with the Pope County line to corner of Townships 10 & 11 Range 7 & 8 East, thence a straight line to the mouth of Cypress on Saline Creek, thence down Saline to its mouth, thence down Ohio River to beginning. This to constitute one township, to be called Rock and Cave, with the following judges of election; John Black, Alexander McElroy and Asa Ledbetter.


      Beginning at mouth of Cypress, thence up same to head thereof, thence a straight line to Buck's ferry on the Big Wabash, thence down same including ferry house to mouth thereof, thence down Ohio to mouth of Saline creek and up same to beginning. This township to be called Shawanoe and Samuel Hayes, Cornelius Lafferty and Andrew Slack are hereby appointed election Judges.


      Beginning at mouth of Cypress Creek on Saline Creek thence up Cypress with line of Shawanoe to Buck's ferry, thence up Big Wabash to mouth of


Little Wabash, thence up same to Robinson's Mill (late Boon's Mill), thence a due West course with White County line to North Fork of Saline, thence down same to mouth thereof, thence down Main Saline to beginning, This to form the third township, which shall be called Cane Creek. Judges of election of Cane Creek shall be John Groves, Joseph Riley and ? Stout.


      Beginning at mouth of north fork of the Saline, thence up same to White County line, thence West on this line to Franklin County line, thence South with the same to the line dividing Townships 8 & 9, thence East with said line to the Middle Fork of the Saline, thence down it to Saline thence to beginning. This the fourth township shall be called Saline. William Burnett Eli Adams and Coleman Brown are named election Judges.


      Beginning at the mouth of Cypress, thence up main Saline to mouth of the middle fork, thence up same with the Saline twp. line to the Franklin Co. line, thence South with same to the Pope County line thence East with Pope line to the SE corner of  Townships #10 & 11 Ranges #7 & 8, thence North Eastwardly with Rock & Cave Twp. line to beginning. This shall be the 5th township and called Monroe. Hankerson Rude, Hugh Robinson and Chism Estes are appointed as election judges.


      In accordance with an act, passed by the state legislature, setting up the

commissioner form of government for counties, an election was held on Apr. 26, 1819.

County court clerk Street with Jacob Sexton and Cornelius Lafferty, justices of the

peace, (within 15 days of election) on May 8, 1819 opened returns and found 2

townships had improperly sworn the election officials, but John Lane, John Forester

and Robert Peeples had received the most votes and were declared elected. They took

over the government from common pleas court, composed of Jacob Sexton, William McCoy

and Samuel Hayes.


On petition they ordered that road from Shawanoetown to the U.S. Saline Tavern,

crossing the north fork of the Saline, be discontinued. It is also ordered that the

U.S. road from Westernmost end of Main X st. in Sh‑town be declared a public road so

soon as the U.S. road is completed. It is further ordered that the part of said road

from Ohio River to East end of public square be cut out 40 ft. wide and thence to

West end of town 33 ft. wide. Moses M. Rawlings to be sup. on east 1/2 of this road,

beginning at east end of Cross St. and running by Col. Charles Campbell’s tavern

corner, thence to N.W. corner of town, thence Easterly on line of Sh'n to Ohio at

mouth of bayou, thence to beginning for hands.


Christopher Robertson is appointed supervisor on West part, with hands as follows to work same. Beginning at Jepthah Hardin’s incl. him, thence to include hands at Carter's place, thence to Jacob Sexton's incl. Medlock & Sexton's, thence to Cypress including hands not within bounds of William McCoy thence to include hands on Robertson's own place, thence to C. Lafferty's and thence to Shawneetown out line.


Appointed, Michael Bartlett supervisor on Sh‑ Island Ripple road from Col. Campbell's tavern to Goodnight's field on top of big hill. His hands shall come from area beginning at Ohio River thence center of st. passing above tavern corner, thence with center of st. along Rawling's bounds to West side of town, thence to Goodnight field including him and VanMeter, thence to Davis, thence incl. Frazer, thence incl. Samuel S. White, thence to Ohio River including Joseph Logsdon's place thence back to Capt. Rawlings line and beginning.


Appointed Meredith Fisher as supervisor on Island Ripple Road from top of Goodnight's Hill to the Ripple. Hands to come from area as follows; Beg. at said hill thence with line of Robertson bounds & including him, thence to Cypress at the crossing of United States Road, thence down Cypress to Saline Creek to Thomas Barlow's  incl. him, thence to Isaac Hogan, thence to incl. George Shull, thence to Bartlett's company line at Frazers, thence with said line to beg. Joseph Riley was appointed supervisor on road from Joseph Owens establish­ment (by Stephen Boutwell's on old indian trace) to its intersection with the Sh‑Robinson Mills road at Brice Hannah's. Bounds included James Dillard and Alfred Wood and extended to North Fork.




Frederick Buck was appointed supervisor on Buck's Ferry Road from upper line of Sh‑town to Bucks Ferry at the Wabash and that the hand a within the following bounds are assigned to work with him on said road, viz; begin at the intersection of said road with upper line of Shawanoetown, thence with McCoy's line including the hands at Warner Bucks, Alvin's Old Place and Buck's ferry, thence down Ohio and Wabash to beginning. (Where old place was designated it usually meant the earlier owner had moved on or had died. This road is probably the present day road between Round Pond and the hill and adjoins Buck Cemetery and Round Pond one time school). Adjourned.


      June 9, 1819: Established rates which tavern and ferries are allowed to charge. Rates of Rusk's Ferry, to remain the same as they were set for John Rheburn when he operated it, see page 47 of record book.


      June 10, 1819: Viewers of road, recommended from Flinn's Ferry to Saline Tavern, report as follows. Beginning at Flinn's ferry on the Ohio, thence up said river to the upper end of Flinn's field, thence along the old road to Hugh McConnell's, passing through his field to his stable there to intersect with the former road, thence by said road to John Brown's field, passing through the middle of said field following the former road to the Nancy Herrod plantation and through said farms with the line of division fence, thence with the marks made to Harris Creek, crossing it and thence along its bank until it intersects with the former bed of the road, thence with the present road to Isaiah L. Potts, Joseph McCool's & Neil Thompson’s and through his upper field with the former bed of the road to John Blacks, thence to Eagle Creek, thence to Stoveall's field and through the same with the ridge in a straight line ­until it intersects with the former road, thence with same to Trammell's field and through it on bed of former road, thence as marked until it intersects with the Saline road below Taylor's Mill ?, thence with said road to Tavern at Saline. Total distance 25 miles. by Isaac Baldwin, John Black, Neil Thompson and Alexander McElroy. Ordered this road be opened 20 ft. wide except that it shall go around fields on which crops are growing until said crops are taken off. Hugh McConnell be supervisor on this road from ferry landing to Powell's cabins, with these bounds for hands. Beginning at Flinn Landing, thence up Ohio to mouth off Saline Creek, thence up it to mouth of Little Saline Creek, thence on straight line to Powell's Cabins, thence due West 1 mile, thence running parallel with road to point 1 mile below ferry, thence up Ohio to beginning. (This was first road through cleared fields, more proof of settlement).


      Ordered that Dudley Williams be Supervisor on road from Island Ripple to the ferry landing on Saline Creek near the tavern. Hands to work same as follows: Beginning with Watson's company line at Taylor's well including the hands there, thence with said line to Taylor's establishment including it, thence to include Allsop's establishment, thence to strike the North Fork of the Saline 1 1/2 miles above its mouth, thence to include McCatting?, thence to Owen's cistern reel, thence to the Saline Creek at Ratcliff's line of pipes, thence to Funkhouser's cistern reel thence to beginning.


      Many supervisors were appointed and many new roads were viewed and laid out during this period. Space will permit mention of only a few.


      Timothy Guard, appointed supervisor of Carmi road from middle of the North Fork of Saline to Ensminger's tavern. The following bounds for hands to work with him on said road: beginning at the crossing of the creek thence down same to its mouth to McCartling's, thence to Owen's hoisting cistern, thence to where Ratcliff's pipes cross the creek, thence up creek opposite Ratcliff's establishment, thence to Benjamin Brockett's, thence to Robinson's establishment including it, thence to include Richard Foley's, thence to beginning.


      George Robinson, Emanuel Ensminger, John Choiser, William Gasaway and Eli Adams appointed as viewers, on United States road to Kaskaskia, as far as county line. Requested to report nature of land on which it runs and its fitness as a public road (after U.S. contractors have left it).






Sept.7, 1817, John B. Gwathmey deceased, Ephraim Hubbard adm. sec. Joseph Hayes

?‑?‑1818, John Martin deceased, Jacob Barger adm., Samuel & Joseph Hayes as security.

Jan. 14, 1819, Thornton Talley deceased, Polly Talley appointed adm. with Stephen and James Fields as security.


June 7, 1819, Nancy Herrod adm. of estate of John Herrod deceased, security by Alexander McElroy and William Ellis.


Oct. 12, 1819, Alexander McCluer took out letters of adm. on estate of Humphries Leech deceased., John Marshall and Samuel Clark signed his bond as security.

11‑18‑1819, Polly Robertson and John Browne took out adm. on est. of Christopher Robertson (also called Robinson) with C. Lafrerty & William Ellis as security.


      Mar. 8, 1820, Appointed Elihu Gaston, Brice Hannah, William P. Robinson and Stephen Purkins to view and mark out a road, the nearest and best way, from the Sycamore Hollow to where the present road from Shawanoetown to 7 mile prairie, crosses line, between this and White County. The same four should also mark out a road, the nearest and best way from Hollow to New Haven and make their report to the next court.


      Elisa Chaffin by his att'y Henry Eddy, moved to establish a ferry across North Fork of Saline Creek, leading from Saline to Carmi. It appearing that he is the proprietor of land on both sides of creek, he is hereby licensed to keep a public ferry on his land, it being the NW 1/4 of Sec. 15, T8, R8.


      On move by James Frazer by his att'y William L. D. Ewing, for establishment of a ferry at Mt. Cairo on Ohio River, fractional section 17, T12, R10, and it appearing to court that he is proprietor of land on this side of river, he is hereby licensed to keep a public ferry at said site.


      On motion of Hezekiah Conn by attorney Ewing, for permission to keep a ferry on place known as fractional Sections 27 & 28, T9S, R10E, it appears that he meets qualifications, and is hereby licensed to keep ferry on Ohio River at said site.


      Ordered that road from Saline Tavern towards Kaskaskia, laid out by Congress of U.S. be and is hereby established as a County road or public highway. John Berry, appointed and he is supervisor on this road from said tavern from point opposite Thomas Smiths to Jesse Browns, William Crawford from said Browns to Bethels Branch and John Hall from Branch to Franklin County line. Hands within 3 miles of each side of road to work with them.


      Alexander H. Kane, Nathan Olney and Moses Carr paid $8, $5 and $8 respectively, for tavern licenses in 1820. Appointed, Isaiah L. Potts supervisor on Flinn's Road, from Nighswonger's, or point of road nearest his house, to Powell’s cabins. Bounds for hands; Begin at mouth of Cane Run, thence up Ohio to mouth of Saline Creek, thence up Saline to McCool's Ripple, thence a straight line to Nighswonger's including him, thence along Ramsey’s Old road to its intersection with Frazer's road thence to Powell's cabins, thence to beginning.


June 7‑1820, Licensed, Emanuel Ensminger to keep tavern at his house at the Saline $10. Appointed Alexander Cox sup. on road laid out by U.S. from Shawanoe Town by Owens Old Works to the Saline tavern, from center of bridge over Little Cypress, to the tavern. Hands assigned to work with him are within these bounds; begin at bridge, thence with Nathaniel Cox's bounds a straight line to Old man Hood, not to include his place, thence to include hands at N. W. Fisher's, thence to include hands at Fisher & Talbott's Salt Works, thence up Saline Creek to Ensminger's Ferry, thence with the old road to Saline Tavern including all hands East of old road except those at tavern, thence to include all hands at Joseph Owen's salt works thence straight to beginning.


      Appointed Hazle Moreland Jr. sup. on road from corner of Goodnight's field to the Island Ripple. Hands from area; beginning at SW corner of Goodnight's field, thence to foot of hill above Lafferty's thence with foot of ridge to SW corner of Mrs. Polly Robertson's fence, thence with Cox's line to Old man Hood



not including him, thence to M. W. Fishers not including him, thence to mouth of Cypress Creek so as to include the hands at Island Ripple, thence down the Saline to mouth of Eagle Creek, thence to include Thomas Barlow, Isaac Hogan and George Schull, thence John Frazer and ? Davis not incl. them, thence to beginning.


On Dec‑30‑1819 letters of adm. had been granted to Peter Baker on estate of John Jones deceased, Samuel Clark & Isaac Hogan were securities. On 3‑20‑1820 Letters of adm. to Judith Staton on estate of James Staton deceased, sec. by Peter Staton and James M. Pettigrove {or Pettigrew). On 4‑28‑1820 Letters of adm. were granted to Robert Peeples on est. of Edmund Waters deceased, Jonathan Stout and John Seabolt signed as security.


From June term 1819 to March term of 1820 the following tavern licenses were issued, Hankerson Rude, Charles Hill, Abram T. McCool, Isaac Albin, Brice Hannah, Clark & Hagerman, A. K. Kane, Ralph Hall, James W. Sinclair, Robert D. McLean, Emanuel Ensminger, C. Robson, Robert M. Tarlton, Ben Walden, John Cowan, Nathan Olney, one ?, and Shubael Fuller.


Among other business was this, Polly Robertson and Nancy Herod adm'x. of estates, each had to sell 1/4 section of land in settling estates and Christopher Wright, whose estate had been handled by Abram McCool, returned after being long declared dead. Explanation of error accepted as reasonable.

      This shortened account of our county's early records covers 105 of the 130 pages. Most of the rest were devoted to legal matters and court cases. Except for a few names with which I was familiar, spelling has not been changed. I skipped most of the routine items of expense and entries in trying to show the change in the wilderness that was Gallatin County, during the first eight years of her existence. In the beginning paths or trails were wide enough for horse and rider and a packhorse or two. I have read of men in this area earning their livelihood, by moving corn and meal to and from distant mills as well as salt in this manner, but as new settlers arrived and others sought markets for their surplus, wagon or carriage roads were needed. At first, when so much hard, hand labor with shovels and axes was required, they followed the best naturally drained land with their roads, unless distance was excessive. When necessary to cross miry or poorly drained areas, poles were laid side by side across the road, forming a solid if rough road called a crosslay. I can remember some of these, especially over Cypress, near present Ridgway ‑ Shawneetown black top. At that time they were made from the waste, first bark cut from logs and called sawmill slabs.


      My next road records concern the act, under which 1/4 of the proceeds from the 30,000 acre Saline reserve, were set aside for improvement of navigation on Saline

River. This bill passed on 2‑14‑1827, was changed a bit later, to permit the county commissioners to use their discretion and judgment as to the best use for these funds, except for the following. The state directed that $800 be used for the improvement of the road leading from Equality, to Carlyle in Clinton County, by way of the Maple Swamp Road. This money to be expended under direction of John Lockhart and John Chosier, and who are hereby appointed commissioners for that purpose: $50 to Daniel Wilbanks of Jefferson County as additional pay for building a bridge across Eagle Creek in Gallatin County: $300 to improve the two roads from their fork leading from Equality to Frankfort: $500 on road leading from Shawneetown to Equality: $200 on road leading from Shawneetown, across Cypress, to McLeansboro: $200 on road leading from Equality to the settlement commonly called South America: $150 on road from Equality to Jonesboro: $75 to be expended under direction of county commissioners of Union County: $200 on road from Shawneetown to McLeansboro, half of which is to be expended on the Nettle Bottom and half on the low grounds lying on Southeast side of the Cotton Branch: $100 on road from Equality to Golconda, half of which is to be under control of









county commissioners court of Pope County: $150 on Equality to New Haven road: $50 on road from McFarland's Ferry: $200 on road from Equality to Ford's Ferry and $150 on road from Equality to Carmi. The balance of said funds are to be applied to Monroe Academy under direction of county Commissioners court of Monroe County. These funds under control of John Marshall were spent by 1833. Other appropriations may have followed but the next available records are from March 9, 1853, to and including March court of 1860. By this time they were locating some roads on the straight, surveyed lines and changing an occasional road to lines of farms. The 2-horse road or dirt scraper had probably come along by this time, as an aid to drainage. By this time the roads, laid out 40 years earlier, were well established.


A list of orders and appointments of supervisors of road crews, made by the county commissioners of Gallatin County, beginning Mar. 9, 1853 follow.

#1 Francis Clayton be supervisor on Ford Ferry Road, from Hardin County line to Joseph Robinett's and on the Golconda Road from Daimwood's Ferry to Hardin County Line, and on Martha’s Furnace Road from upper locks on Saline Creek to Hardin County Line. Hands to work said roads defined as from Joseph Robinett's, including him, to county line etc.

#2 Rufus Christian, from Joseph Robinett to middle of Eagle Creek Bridge, with following bounds for hands, beginning at Daimwood Ferry, thence up Saline River to mouth of Eagle Creek, thence up said creek to William Smith mill, thence due South to Hardin Co. line and on this line to Golconda road, thence back to Joseph Robinett's and beginning.

#3 Alfred Rice supervise work on Ford Ferry Road from mid Eagle Creek bridge to the forks of said road at old Frazier Place and also on the Island Ripple road from said fork to the Island Ripple. Hands to come from area beginning at mouth of Eagle Creek, thence up Saline Road to Old Frazier Place, thence to Thomas Baldwin's, thence to William Smith's Mill on Eagle, thence down said creek to beginning. (Old maps show roads joining at the North end of the Dorsey Valley to go through Dorsey Gap, the roads formed a triangle on which stood the old school. One half mile to the West, at the salt spring was a ford, at which roads from the North crossed Saline River. It received much use prior to the opening of State Route One and the bridge in the late 1920's, especially from wagons hauling grain or coal. A deceased, long time resident of the site probably gave his name to the Old Frazier Place).

#4 Samuel Cozart be supervisor on Ford Ferry Road, from Frazier Place to

Hickory Tree, 1 mile from Equality. Hands living within these bounds are assigned to work on this road: from Hickory Tree south to top of Big Hill, thence East to Old Frazier Place including the Woods Hill Farm and Unity Dorsey Farm.

#5 William Greer be supervisor on McFaddin Ferry road, 1 mile from Equality to center of Big Eagle Creek bridge on so much of said road as is in Gallatin County. Bounds for hands begin where the Saline County line crosses the Saline River, thence on said line to Big Eagle creek and down it to William Smith Mill, thence to Thomas Baldwin's excluding him, thence North to Mrs. White's thence to beginning.

#6 James W. Clayton be supervisor on McFadden Ferry road from above bridge.

#7 Greenbury Ewing Lambert be supervisor on Martha's Furnace road from Shawneetown to the upper locks using all hands between said road and river.

#8 Joseph Logsdon (#1) be supervisor on Golconda road from the depot in Snawnee to the forks in road beyond Thomas Logsdon farm. Bounds begin at said forks, thence South to Martha's Furnace road and up said road to depot, thence SW to Peter Baker farm thence along foot of Big Hill to beginning.

#9 John T. Walters be supervisor on Golconda road from above forks to Daimwood's Ferry. Bounds begin at Forks thence on line between Thomas Logsdon's and John Forrester's including Hogan farm, thence on line to mouth of Eagle Creek including John Young farm, thence down Saline to Upper Locks.










#10 Thomas Logsdon be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ Equality road South of Big Hill by Island Ripple, with the following bounds for hands to work said road. Begin at Ripple thence due South to mouth of Eagle Creek, thence on direct line between T. Logsdon and J. Forrester farms, excluding the farms of John Young, Benjamin Barlow, Hogan and Columbus to said forks, thence North to top of Big Hill and along Old Hill Road to beginning.

#11 Edward Rearden be supervisor on the rail road from Ohio Road to Junction with the plank road near Mrs. Bargers. Bounds for hands beginning at Main Cross St. and running along the Plank road to said junction thence east to river.

#12 Charles W. McGehee be supervisor on bottom Island Ripple road from Plank Road to Island Ripple. Bounds begin at Ripple and running with old Ridge road East to foot of Big Hill on the east side, thence along base of hill to Peter Baker farm excluding it, thence north to railroad, thence on Plank road to Big Cypress, thence down it to Saline Road and beginning. (The Ridge Road followed the high ridge from Gold Hill Cemetery toward Island Ripple and was called the high or wet weather road. It was much used in early 1800's by salt transporters. It passed the Island Ripple or Smyth Church, School and Cemetery which was donated for the use of church, school and cemetery in 1828 by Benjamin and wife Mary Jolly. The church joined the Baptist association in 1821, lapsed and rejoined about 1860. Most of this high land was among the early choices for farmland and home sites, when Gallatin County land sales began in 1814. Joe Barlow, of the Crossroads Community, as a boy lived in the old log house with his parents, on the Jolly farm. At that time threshing machines climbed to top of the hill to harvest the wheat grown there. Now, except for hay and pasture, most has gone back to the forest and nature. The plank road was planned from Shawneetown to Equality. Upon failing to meet expectations, most of this roadway became the right of way for the new railroad about 1870.)

#13 John W. Clifton be supervisor on Equality to New Haven road from middle of North Fork, where the old bridge stood, to the old courthouse in Equality, thence on Main Cross St. to Bailey's Corner, thence on Ford Ferry road to the hickory tree, one mile from old courthouse and on McFarlin road. Bounds for hands include those in Guard's brick buildings.

#14 Hiram McClusky be supervisor from McCaleb's shop in Equality to the county line by Hick's mill. All hands residing on said road shall work on same.

#15 John R. Dieter be supervisor on road from Bailey's Corner on Lane St. to county line on St. Louis Road.

#16 C. C. Guard be supervisor from Hays Corner on Clinton St. to county line on South America Road.

#17 George W. Flanders be supervisor on road West from courthouse in Equality to the junction with St. Louis Road, also on Carmi Road from courthouse on road by Robert Siddall farm. Bounds begin at courthouse thence to Siddall's, thence to line between I?D. Towle's and William Siddall's farm, thence to St. Louis Road, thence to beginning.

#18 Edward Holeman be supervisor of road from courthouse in Equality to the Bozarth Ford. All hands living on this road, including the Reynolds house and R. W. Davenport Farm, shall work this road.

#19 William R. Gregg shall be supervisor on Stone Ford Road from Saline county line to the middle of North Fork. Hands to come from within this area: begin at Saline Co. line, thence down North Fork to church or school house, thence due South to White Oak branch and up said branch to beginning.

#20 William Cook be supervisor on Carmi road from 1 mile of Equality to South end of North Fork Bridge and also on road from Proctor's mill to Saline Co. line. Hands from area begin at mouth of Backwater Branch, up it to Saline Co. line and on said line north to White Oak Branch and down it to a point directly South of church or school near William Cameron place, thence North by said school or church to North Fork and down it to beginning. (Part of the timbers of what is believed part of Proctor's Mill were at the old ford crossing North Fork on South side of SE 1/4 of NE 1/4 of Sec. 3, T9, R8. They were dredged out alone with the rocks when creek was deepened in 197?







#21 Alfred Garrett be supervisor on Stone Ford road from the center of N. Fork to where road intersects the Shawneetown to McLeansboro road.

#22 Jacob Danner be supervisor on road to Carmi from south end of N. Fork Bridge to where McLeansboro road forks off near the Bear Creek Bridge. Bounds for hands to work this road to commence at end of N. Fork Bridge and down N. Fork to Danner's place, thence on old road from Broughton's Ferry to McLeansboro road including Amos Mahew, thence across said road to Thorn Thicket Road and up side of said thicket to a point East of Big Lick thence west to Bear Creek and down same to beginning. Adjournment signed by commissioners, James Davenport, Charles Vinson and John J. Kanady. Mar. 9, 1853 (The Thorn Thicket is the area mostly contained within a triangle, formed by a line drawn between Cottonwood, Ridgway and Omaha, once poorly drained but now very productive farmland.)

      Re-adjourned on March 10, 1853

#23 Alfred Davis be supervisor on Equality ‑ Carmi Road from where the McLeansboro leaves it near Bear Creek to White County line. Bounds for hands as follows, from Big Lick, east to William Stayton's, thence to Franklin Brills, thence to Calvin Davis, to Elvis Blair, to Benjamin Kinsall, to Hiram Kinsall, thence to David Kinsall, thence to Benton Harrell's, thence to James Keasler's, thence to Howell Edwards, thence to Lewis West, thence to James Campbell's, thence to Thomas Kinsall's thence to Leonard Haney's and thence to beginning.

#24 William L. Blackard be supervisor on road from New Haven to John Kinsall's and from said Kinsall's to county line. Shall use same hands as heretofore.

#25 Jonathan Waynick be supervisor on Shawneetown - McLeansboro Road from Kelly's Tanyard to Bartlett Garrett farm. (William Kelly Tanyard located on small stream, starting in NW Corner of S 1/2 of SW 1/4, Sec. 13, T8, R8, where it crossed S. center line of Sec. 14 and small acreage adjoining in Sec. 23. The total of 21 acres was purchased by Kelly in 1852.)

#26 Daniel M. Willis be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro Road from Kelly's Tan­yard to the Hargett Old place on the Equality road. For hands begin at Tanyard, thence West to North Fork and down said creek to Hargett's old place, thence along Equality Rd. to the crossroads, thence to Wesley Dillard's, thence to Robert Trousdale's, thence to beginning. (William Hargett place was S 1/2 of SW 1/4 and N 1/2 of W 1/2 of SE 1/4 of Section 22. Where the old iron bridge now crosses North Fork at old Dickey Ford, I and many others washed our cars here in 1930's. Water was usually less than 1 foot deep with a smooth, solid rock bottom. This crossing, now filled with sediment, was only a few feet South of bridge}

#27 Henry Miller be supervisor on Equality ‑ New Haven Rd. from Hargett's Old Place to Bozarth Ford and from the forks near Abraham Crenshaw's Old Place to the Ford near the Old North Fork bridge site. Bounds for hands begin at North Fork Bridge Site, thence to Crenshaw Salt Works site, thence to Old Billy Clayton Place, thence to Lewis Kanady's, thence to North Fork and down it to beginning.

#28 Jacob Beck (who lived on SW 1/4 of NW 1/4, Sec. 22, T8, R9) be supervisor on Equality ‑ New Haven road from crossroad near Benjamin Bruce's to South end of Murphy Bridge. Hands to come from area bounded by line from said crossroads, thence to Eli Dillard, thence to Henry Rollman's, thence to William Rollman's (NW 1/4 of NE 1/4, Sec. 28) thence to Wiley D. Brown's (NW 1/4 of Sec. 21), thence to J. E. Jackson (near Jackson Cem.), thence to Jacob Bean's (SW 1/4, NE 1/4, Sec. 30) and thence to beginning (Sec. 36 T8, R8)

#29 Preston Goforth be supervisor on Equality ‑ New Haven Rd. from south end of Murphy's Bridge to Joseph Pearce's (center of SW 1/4 of Sec. 6, T7, R10), bounds for hands begin at Ebenezer Stewart's on the State Road, thence to Old Man Glasscock's excluding him, thence to Jacob Boutwell's including him, thence to Josiah E. Jackson's excluding him, thence to William Rollman's excluding him, thence to William Rollman Farm excluding it, thence to Henry Rollman's excluding him, thence to Eli Dillard's excluding him and then on a straight line to John Maloney's excluding him and thence to state road and beginning.

#30 Andrew Donovan be supervisor on Equality - New Haven Road by Owen Riley's from crossroad at John Sherwood's Old Place to where said road intersects the Shawneetown ‑ New Haven Road near William Daily's.






#30 continued: Bounds for hands to work this road begin at VanLandingham Cypress Farm including it, thence up Cypress to Samuel Harrelson's, thence west to James Saul's, thence southwest to beginning. (As a boy I wondered why a few of the old houses stood at odd angles facing no road. The Owen (Uncle Odie) Riley Jr. house was one of these. It had been built by his father before the War Between the States, facing the road that grew from the old Salt Trace that crossed from SW corner to near the NE corner of section 35, T8, R9. This two story, weather boarded, frame home was 50' long and 20' wide. A large hall divided the two rooms on each floor and a double chimney in one end took care of upper and lower fireplaces. The stairway, low ceilings and plaster walls were unusual for this area and time. Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Rider bought this, the old home part of the Riley farms in early 1940's, lived in the old house for several years, then razed it in the 1950's, after building a nearby, modern replacement in which they now reside.)

#31 Michael K. Lawler be supervisor on Equality ‑ New Haven Road by Owen Riley's from the crossroads at John Sherwood's old place to where it intersects the Plank Road, and from where the Shawneetown Rd. leaves the Plank Rd. to the ford near the old North Fork bridge site. Bounds for hands begin at said ford on North Fork, thence to Crenshaw's Salt Works site, thence to Old Billy Clayton place, thence to Overton Bradley farm excluding it, thence to Cypress and down it to its mouth, thence up Saline and North Fork to beginning. (This plank road built on present L & N right of way, from Shawneetown toward Equality, about 1850 was probably much like that completed about 1851, in adjoining Posey Co. Ind. and described by Mrs. Anna E. Kelly in her book, THE PLANK ROAD. Interested citizens put funds into a company, which graded and drained the road from New Harmony to Mt. Vernon, at least 18 feet wide. This was wide enough for 2 lanes of traffic, one lane of dirt, the other of 8ft. boards 2 inches thick and from 4 to 18 inches wide. These were laid side by side. Tolls were charged at three locations but it was a money-losing proposition due to the high costs. Fortunately, for they and we, the railroads soon came to move the produce to markets.)

#32 Henry Wakeford be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro Rd. from Carmi Rd. to county line. Bounds for hands begin at North Fork on Saline County Line, thence down said creek to mouth of Bear Creek and up Bear Creek to bridge, thence to James Campbell's excluding him, thence to Lewis West excluding him, thence to James Keasler's, excluding him, thence to White Co. line and along it and Saline County line to beginning, excluding all hands living along Stone Ford Road.

#33 Joshua Bradley be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro Rd from crossroads near Bruce's to the hole in the water bridge. Bounds begin at said bridge, thence to VanLandingham's Cypress farm excluding it, thence to William Abbott farm, thence to Alex­ander Turner's, thence to crossroad near Bruce place, thence to William Pattillo's Old Place, thence to Overton A. Bradley's, thence to beginning. (These Bradley's owned large farms, in NW part of Gold Hill Township, on which were located early landmarks, in the form of large 2 story log houses, which stood until the 1950's. The home of the first had an addition making it the largest. It was located on South side of road, on the hill near the center of East 1/2 of Sec. 7, and the proposed village of Bartley. It was one of the many housing Bradley kin, in the community from 1840 to 1900, but empty during the last few years of its long life. A great uncle Levi Perkins 1851‑1929 and my Grand‑mother Glass gave me differing views of this family, to one generous and accommodating, to the other mean and troublesome. She has told me that as a small girl she waited in wagon and cried, being afraid her father S. L. Chappell 1828‑93 would be killed, while fighting a certain Bradley in front of New Market store. This man was often drunk and abusive. She mentioned several familiar names as those who often had fist fights at old New Market. G. S. (Dick) and Anna Riley Rollman, with their large family moved into the 2-story log home on the Ove or Obe Bradley farm as tenants in 1927. After the last parent died in 1951, sons George and Carroll took the old house down, had the hewed logs











Gallatin County, Illinois, Sketches from commissioner records 1853:


cut into lumber for a new modern home. The old home had originally been built with a dog trot or breezeway between two lower rooms as was the custom of that day. This had been made into a third lower room many years ago. Most of these logs were of cypress and well preserved, some of those on upper story were near 50 feet long. The south or lower end of this farm extended into the low Cypress area once covered by fine cypress trees. The brothers own the original farm along with much adjoining land, all of which they farm. Uncle Levi, as a young man, had often worked for his uncles, the Bradley's who were brothers of his mother Jane.)

#34 Stephen Fields appointed supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro road, from the hole in the Water Bridge to the Plank Road, near the Steam Mill. Bounds for hands begin at junction of said road with Plank Road and along said road to Cypress and up Cypress to Stephen Fields Sr., thence to Morris place, thence to Ruddick place, thence to old Hardin place, thence to John Robinson farm and thence to beginning.

#35 John Smith appointed supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ New Haven Rd. from Ohio River to foot of Big Hill on north side. Hands to work said road to come from area bounded by beginning at Ohio and running out Main Cross St. to John Richeson farm, excluding it, thence to Old Hardin farm including it, thence to Ruddick Place, thence to top of Big Hill, thence to Stout's farm and thence to Ohio and down it to beginning.

#36 David Allen be supervisor on above road from north side of Big Hill to the Beaver Dam Branch, bounds for hands beginning at said branch, thence to Stephen Fields Sr. excluding him, thence to Morris farm excluding it, thence to Gill place including it, thence to top of Big Hill and along it to said road, thence to Ben Crandle's including him, thence North to David Allen's and thence to beginning.

#37 Moses Logan be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ New Haven road from Beaver Dam Branch to the Sycamore Hollow. Bounds begin at said branch and running up it to Samuel Harrelson thence to Edward McGuire place, thence to Thomas McGuire's, thence to John Maloney's, thence to the Madison Farm, thence to John Harrelson's, thence down pond to beginning.

      #38 George Dawson be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ New Haven road from Sycamore Hollow to town of New Haven. Bounds for hands begin at Joseph Pearce's (present Green House Center of SW 1/4, Sec. 6, T8, R10) thence NE to Aaron Heddon's place, thence to the Old Dodson Place in the Wabash Bottom, thence to Oliver Wilcox place, thence to the Goss place, thence with line of said town west to within 1/4 of the Gum road thence parallel with said road to where said road forks at Ebenezer Stewarts, thence to Charles Mill's place, thence to point of beginning.

#39 Thompson L. Boyd be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro road from forks near the Madison Farm to the County Line. Bounds beginning at Cottonwood Creek Bridge and up said creek to White County Line, thence west on said line to Cane Creek and down it to mouth of Cottonwood Creek, and up it to bridge and beginning, including Stephen and Alfred Laughton or Lofton, William Baskett and Ebenezer Stewart, South of bridge inclusive.

#40 Alexander Glasscock be supervisor on Big Lick road from State Rd. near Stewart place to Samuel Hooker place. Bounds begin at Cottonwood Bridge and down said creek to point opposite Samuel Hooker place, thence south to Jacob Boutwell place, thence to the Old Mr. Glasscock's including him, thence to State Rd. at E. Stewart's above and by said to place of beginning.

#41 David Rogers be supervisor on Big Lick Road from S. Hooker's to the Big Lick. Bounds begin at Cottonwood Creek opposite Hookers and down said creek to its mouth (Junction with Cane Creek) thence to Aaron Quigley's, thence to Hiram Kinsall excluding he and balance, thence to David Kinsall's, thence to Ben Kinsall's, thence to Elvis Blair's, thence to Calvin Davis', thence to Franklin Brill's, thence to William Staton's, thence to William Sewell place on Lady Branch, thence to Jacob Boutwell (NW of NW of Sec 16, T8, R9) thence N. to beginning including Quigley and Hooker.

#42 Mar. 11, 1853, Zimri Perkins be supervisor on New Haven Road from State Rd. near E. Stewarts to New Haven and also on Carmi Road from T. O. Waltons to county line. Bounds for hands begin at Cottonwood Bridge on State Road and along Cottonwood Creek to White County Line, thence by said line to Corp. line of Hew Haven and beginning.




Items from old Gallatin County commissioner book of 1850's, continued:


      Order #43 on Mar. 11, 1853: George W. Akers appointed supervisor in charge of working Shawneetown ‑ Bucks Ferry River road from Shawneetown to Bucks Ferry on the Wabash. All hands within 1/2 mile on West side of road and all on East side are assigned to work said road.

#44 Albert Brannon supervisor on Shawneetown – New Haven road from Scudmore place to New Haven. Bounds for hands, begin at New Haven Corp. line, thence to Goss and Wilcox farms excluding them, thence to John Smith farm on the Running Slough, thence down said slough to Wabash and down said river to beginning. (Adj. ferry in #22)

#45 James Burton? be supervisor on Shawneetown ‑ New Haven Bottom Road from Scudmore farm to Shawneetown. Bounds for hands begin at mouth of Running Slough, thence West along said slough to James P. Dudley place, thence south to David Allen’s excluding him, thence south to Benjamin Crandles, thence south to James Beasley’s thence south to Pool's Pork House including all hands except those within 1/2 mile of River road. (This completes March term of supervisor appointments for 1853. The Bottom Road probably followed much the same path as the present road by Buck's Cemetery which goes between Round Pond and the range of hills, then on second bottom ridge to W. C. Dillard home to cross slough at Sandy Ford. At Buck's Ferry it joined the River Road, continuing to New Haven.

Other business transacted at this term as follows. Michael K. Lawler made report of sale of old North Fork Bridge for $75 in county currency. These funds were paid into county, canceled and destroyed.

George Beck was granted license, to keep retail grocery at his stand in the house on south end of Lot #1141. License fee $200, bond $500 by Joseph Logsdon and Peter McMurchy. William Siddall received license to keep storehouse at corner of Main Cross and Clinton Streets, upon payment of $75 cash to county treasurer. Bond for this Equality store was by Abner Flanders and Benjamin F. White. Another Equality license with same fee was granted to John Oberly, to keep retail grocery in house known as late residence of Jeremiah Haywood. His bond for the year was signed by George Beck for $500.

An order for $50 was paid to E? Durban for rent of depot for Dec. 1852 term of court. (The depot was a large brick warehouse on the south side of Shawneetown. It is believed to have been used as a storage point for goods coming into and exported from Shawneetown and especially as a shipping point for salt from the John Crenshaw Works. The 35 foot square courthouse to be built of brick and with two stories, ordered built in Nov. 1818, had been sold in 1830 after the county seat had been moved to Equality in 1827, After Saline County was formed, from the West part of Gallatin in 1847, Shawneetown again became the county seat. A building committee was named, in March 1858 to build the old courthouse, which many remember as facing Route #13 and which was razed in early 1940's upon completion of its successor in New Shawneetown. The railroad mentioned earlier was a coal carrier running from mine at Bowlesville, due east to a tipple, where coal was unloaded on the Ohio River.)

Next came the names of 24 grand jurors and 48 petit jurors who were appointed to serve the next court. Charles Bishop, MD was named county physician at $100. per year.

Most of the general orders numbered between 973 and 993 represented payments totaling over $300 to individuals for keeping named, poor people or paupers, others were for burials of two of these. Order #1003 was for $800 to Robert Crenshaw and John Bell, for the NE 1/4 & W 1/2 of NE 1/4 & N 1/2 of SE 1/4 of Section 13, T9, R8. A decision had been made to purchase a poor farm and then $5 was paid Z. Russ for collecting the county wards and taking them to this farm. Managers or caretakers were chosen each year, after competitive bidding, on amount charged for boarding each ward one week. I have heard that a cemetery was located on the farm, the location or if any markers is unknown. The next poor farm was in Section 15 of North Fork Township, the overseer I believe was Josh Hargett, time 1870's.









Continued, March 1853 meeting.


      Items, selected and shortened, from county commissioners records of 1853 license issued to Robert Walton, fee $50, to keep grocery store at his present stand near William Daily's. (I believe the Daily farm was in W 1/2 of NE 1/4 of Section 30, T8, R10, and the Waltonborough Precinct, in East part of Ridgway Twp, received its name from the Walton Store.) Security bond of $500 signed by Thomas R. Lawler and Patrick Handmore.

James Kersey granted license for grocery at his stand on Saline River, security by William N. Warford.

Mary Sheridan, license for grocery at New Haven, fee $75, security Patrick Handmore.

Henry A. Linn, license for grocery on River St., bond by Orval Pool & B. P. Hinch.

David Owen license for grocery at or near locks on Saline River, security Charles Bishop, date June 6, 1853.

James Kersey & William Warford to keep ferry across Saline River on Section 26, T10, R9, and on NE 1/4 of NW 1/4, fee $20. Rates as follows: wagon & 4 horses $.35, with 2 horses $.25, man & 1 horse $.10, cattle or horse $.05.

      Charles Bishop issued license to operate ferry on SW of 8E 1/4 of Section 27 and NW 1/4 of NE 1/4 of Section 34, fee and rates same as above. (Road crossed on section line of above description).


Begin June meeting in 1853

      Survey ordered for new road, from near Kelly's Tanyard, on the Carmi Rd to Bill Jacobs mill and from thence to Shawneetown, reviewers appointed were Joseph Bowles, John Crawford and Owen Riley. (Jacobs mill must have been on a ridge on West side of road on South side of sec. 2, T9, R9, very near present Cypress blacktop road. Henry Shatteen 1869‑1965 told me that it was not far from his home and as a boy he climbed to the top or third story of this building. He said it had also housed a cotton gin.)

      Order #1070 was to pay Samuel L. M. Proctor $50 as commissioner to superintend construction of a bridge over North Fork at said Proctors Mill. Next came the names of judges and clerks for next election. The voting place for North Fork Precinct was moved from residence of the late Henry Bean to residence of Robert Lamb who was also named judge replacing John Crawford. Next came a petition to change a part of Equility ‑ New Haven rd and a part of Golconda road near James Kendricks.

Mar. 8, 1855, Aaron Hardin appointed sup. on Equility ‑ New Haven road from crossroads near Bruce's to Daniel Miner's & on Cypress Mill rd. from New Pleasant (Crawford) Campground to the Cottonwood Pond.

Dec. 5, 1855, Voted to establish a new road, beginning 1/2 mile West of Owen Riley on Cypress Mill rd, thence to James Sauls, thence to Jacob Beck's, thence to Alexander Boutwell's, thence to Bricem Cox place, thence to Rogers Meeting House, (probably the C.P. Church, located near center of NE 1/4 of sec. 8, T8, R9, that was moved West 3/4 mile to house New Hope G. B. Church many years ago.) thence to Andrew Rogers, thence to John Quigley's, thence to George Overton's, thence to William L. Blackard's, thence to Alfred Blackard's, thence to William Kinsall's and thence to connect with the Carmi ‑ Equality road near the White County Line.

Mar. 7, 1856, license issued to James Pruitt to keep a toll bridge on Eagle Creek on the Fords Ferry to Equality to St. Louis road crosses. Erected by Abner Dutton, with rates about same as earlier ferry.

Received report of viewers, on New Market road, which recommends begin at a large cottonwood stump, on ridge on West side of Shawneetown McLeansboro road, thence running NE 10 rods or more to strike the 1/2 sectional line between O. Bradley's and the old Sherwood Farm, thence North to Main St. in New Market and continuing North to a point at or near Abraham Zucks, thence east 1/4 mile between Zucks house and shop (NW 1/4 of NE 1/4 of section 20, T8, R9, thus far same as today.) thence N following said 1/4 sectional line to where said line crosses the road leading from Blackard's Mill to Jacobs Mill in Cypress.

Petition heard for relocating a part of Big Lick Road so far as it runs through sections 2 of T8 R9 & 35 of T7 R9 on land belonging to Samuel Dryden. Viewers William L. Blackard, Aaron Quigley and Eli Sanders agreed that new road should diverge 40 to 60 yards West of Dryden house to



Continued, Gallatin County Commissioners meeting of March 5, 1856:


intersect the State Road 10 to 20 yards SE of Lofton house where Jess Johnson now lives. Above part of old road vacated.

Other petitions were beginning to be presented for placing roads on lines. Page ?72 Licenses were issued for retail stores to Jacob Beck at his present stand at New Market, to Adam Baker on lot #1137 in Shawneetown and Felix G. Robinson at his present stand on Lot 4 in New Haven, fees $75.

Mar. 7, 1857, received petition for removal of part of New Haven - Equility road in Sec. 1, adj. lands of Alonzo Stewart and in Sec. 11 also in T8, R9. Appointed jury of 72, also accepted petition for new road from Meadows Campground to State road and appointed T. L. Boyd, George Luther and Moses Blazier as viewers, accepted road and set bounds for hands as follows. With Boyd as supervisor, bounds begin at Boyd's, thence to Sander's, Boyer's, William Blazier's, George H. Blazier's, Charles Walton's, George Luther's, Anderson Bellah's, A. B. Howard and Levi and Bethel Cook.

Retail store licenses and renewals were issued to Job Smith, Lot 1108 in Shawneetown, William Bean at New Market, Robert Walton at present stand on Shawnee ‑ McLeansboro road in T8, R9, Cook & Elder, Adam Baker, F. G. Robinson, Crawford Rawlings, Bean & Roark at same stand in New Market, John M. R. McLean & David William's on Lot 1111 Shawneetown, William Bean Jr. Lot 4, Block 4, New Market, and John Oberly on Lot 7, Equality, Dr. James Hall & William Weaver on Lot 34 New Haven.

Granted $200 for lumber on bridge over Running Slough between farms of William Spencer and Morgan Williams. They also appointed Joseph D. Cadle as supervisor to build bridge over Burdick Slough on Shawneetown ‑ New Haven Wabash Bottom road.

Road orders #46 and #47 completed 1854 list and mention two new workers. #46 Andrew McCallen be supervisor on Cypress Mill road from Bell & Jacobs Mill to its intersection with Sh.‑ New Haven road near Stout's Brickyard. Bounds for hands begin at above mill, thence to Old John Robinson place, thence to the Ruddick place, thence West to Morris Farm, thence to Stephen Fields, thence to beginning.

#47 Jacob Beck be sup. on Eq.‑ New Haven road from Daniel Miner's to Pool's hay press. Bounds begin at Daniel Miner farm, thence to Pool's hay press including hands working there, thence to Preston Goforths, thence to Wiley Browns thence to Martin Browns, thence to Josiah Jackson's, thence to Lewis Miner's and thence to beginning. (Preston Goforth was active in the Liberty C. P. church started by Rev. F. M. Bean in early 1850's. I believe first called Rogers meeting house. Preston and wife Pamelia gave 1/2 acre off their farm to this church for a burial ground. This was near NW Corner of NE 1/4 of Sec. 16. The Brown's were active in the formation of New Zion Baptist Church and lived in NW 1/4 of Sec. 21 and SE corner of Sec. 17. Martin was a minister, born in 1822, officiated at wedding of Thomas and Iowa Elliot Goforth in 1865, helped them celebrate 50th anniversary, he was then living in Franklin County Ill., aged 93, states item in Ridgway News. Rev. Josiah Jackson founded the first M.E. Church in this area in 1841. Pool's hay press was located NE of New Zion church on New Haven road. It was a well-known landmark for it was mentioned each year during road supervisor naming, from 1854 to 1860, when the records ceased. Orval Pool bought much land on this road in 1841, most of it within one mile of New Zions future site. Wiley Brown left many descendants upon his death in 1902.)

Licenses to retail stores in 1858 went to the following: James N. Roark at his present stand at New Market, Lot 4, Block 4, fee $50. David Winkler & Samuel Seely at present stand at Seely & Veach Mill on Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro Road. Lewis Frederick Lot 10, Equality 1st addition. Joseph Wolf also at present stand, Lot 7 in Equality. David Owens Sec. 2, Town 10, Range 9. The latter two were still at same location in 1860.

They paid Aaron Quigley $82 for building bridge over Cain Creek, from county funds.

March 10, 1859 the new boarding house of Shawneetown Mining and Manufacturing Co. was mentioned as new source of workers (Probably Bowles­ville hotel).









Another landmark during this period was Pool's Pork house. It was mentioned in Pool biography in 1886 Goodspeed History. This Shawneetown business, operated by merchant and banker Orval Pool, slaughtered as many as 33,000 hogs a year during the 10 years of its existence. With a nearby salt supply for packing and the nearby Ohio River for shipping this business thrived but had to close during the War Between the States. Hogs were driven on foot in droves, but could only travel a few miles each day if fat. Some of the old inns or taverns had pens to hold the livestock of their drover customers. Several years ago an older man told me that he had heard, that at one time the Joseph Pierce place, South of New Haven (built about 1840 and now called the green house) had pens for hogs. His father said that slaughtering and pork packing was carried on there. Besides serving as a home it is said to also have been a stage stop and inn during its long life. Until stock trucks came alone only a few hogs could be hauled in one wagon, so we always drove dad's and uncle's fat hogs and cattle, the three miles to the Frank Welver stockyard here in Ridgway, from which they were shipped by rail. A saddle horse was needed with cattle. I read an interesting diary and story by a young man who helped drive a large flock of turkeys from about 50 miles west to Shaw­neetown. Here he helped load them, live on a boat and fed and cared for them on trip to southern market.


Part of the 87th U.S. Infantry Regiment, most of which was recruited in White County, trained at Camp Logan at or near Shawneetown. Dr. Daniel Berry, who served as a doctor with the 87th, wrote many letters to his wife during his almost 3 years in the War Between the States. These letters form a book of some 290 pages, recently published by his grand ­daughter, Harriet Vaught of Carmi, Ill. What he saw and experienced was described in these regular letters. In a letter dated Sept. 16, 1862, he described the Shawneetown Army hospital as a very large 2 story brick building having what must have been porches on 3 sides, which he said were very good for lounging by the sick. The building was very near the Ohio River bank and from his quarters on second floor he could view the cabins, the drill and parade grounds of the whole camp as well as the river up and down for 8 or 10 miles. He said the camp was in by far the best part of the town and on very flat ground described as hard mud when dry and something else when wet with almost 1,000 men tramping over it. In a later letter he told that he and Col. John Crebs took a horseback ride to the hill a mile or so from camp. He stated that they rode about 1/2 mile to the top of the hill where the beautiful view repaid them for their effort. He said this ride was through the neglected graves of Shawnee­town Graveyard. He also mentioned Indian Mounds in what must have been Gold Hill Cemetery. In a later letter he said that John is going down to the Saline Mines to look for a new camping ground where it was thought there were enough vacant houses to house the whole regiment. Early in February 1863 the soldiers arrived in Memphis, having boarded the boats just before the rising floodwaters covered Camp Logan. Another training camp was located near the old Eddy farm home, which is located on higher ground a short distance East of Shawneetown High School, and now the home of descendants of the Curtis Taylor family. He and wife Elizabeth blended a more modern addition into this, her ancestral home, which enhanced its beauty and added much to its usefulness.


Increasing monetary value insure the preservation of most items of common usage in our early days, but with the old homes, some of which seemed to show the personal nature of the builder or owner, it is a different story. I remember several of these old landmarks, have seen pictures or been told of many others but few are left today. There were many fine early homes in Shawneetown, built sturdy to withstand the water but not practical for today’s use.















(Credit is due Vernon H. Crest for typing 53 pages to complete this copy in 1940 and to George McLain 1895‑ for preserving the copy until today).

At a meeting of the trustees of the town of Equality at the office of James Caldwell on the 9th day of April 1831 ‑ the President and clerk of a former meeting, and held in pursuance of an act to incorporate the inhabit­ance of such towns as may wish to be incorporated ‑ Approved ‑ 12 Feb. 1831.

Produced the Certificate that at the Town meeting held at the Courthouse on 4th day of April 1831 there was given 31 votes in favor of incorporating said town and no vote given in opposition thereto. All which we do certify, under our hands this 4th day of April 1831 ‑ And also reported that at an election held at the Court house in town of Equality on Saturday April 9, ­1831 held in conformity with the act aforesaid the following named persons were duly elected Trustees of said Town viz. Willis Hargrave, John Siddall, James Caldwell, Joseph L. Reynolds & Leonard White, the four former being sworn by Leonard White and he by James Caldwell, well and truly to discharge their duty as Trustees of Said Town according to their best abilities ‑ Whereupon Willis Hargrave was elected President of the board and Allen Redman clerk and John Wood was appointed constable and Allen Redman was appointed Treasurer.

Ordered that Leonard White, James Caldwell & John Siddall be appointed a committee to draft an ordinance to suppress retailing spirituous liquors on the Sabbath day also to prevent shooting, and running horses in the streets within the bounds of Said Town and to prevent indecent exhibitions of horses within the bounds of Such Town. Ordered meeting adjourned until Friday 15th inst. A. Redman, clerk, Willis Hargrave, President.

At a meeting of the President and Trustees of the Town of Equality on Friday the 15th Inst. at the house of Gen. Willis Hargrave, Present Willis Hargrave, President, Joseph L. Reynolds, John Siddall, adj. until next day. (Thus far copied word for word but shortened and not complete after this.) At meeting on 16th Leonard White was also present. Ordered that the following be considered corporate bounds of the town of Equality so far as respects inhabitants thereof ‑ viz. the 100 acres originally laid off for the Town of Equality together with the 25 acre tract on the South Side thereof. (Marked in book without date, this order rescinded) This meeting held at the office of Gen. Leonard White and most of the next three pages were devoted to ordinances and rules adopted for governing the village.

Monday June 27, 1831: At this meeting street supervisors were appointed to keep streets in repair. Ordered that John Siddall work on Clinton St. beginning at his corner and work one mile from said corner on Kaskaskia Road and he have the following hands to work said road, viz: Soloman M. McCloud, Joseph L. Reynolds, Leonard White, James Graham, William H. Jameson, M. S. and A. H. Davenport, William R. Thompson, Lee Hargrave, William Robinson, George St. Aubin, Edmond Baker, John Troop, Charles Gilham and ? Poole.

Ordered that Giles Taylor work on Jackson St. one mile from Gen. Hargrave's corner on the Carmi Road and continue the street until it comes in to the Kaskaskia Road; and he have the following hands to work said road, George W. L. White, John Grant, Joseph E. Watkins, Thomas Smothers, Francis McCardle, John London, Loring Whiting, John J. Porter, Edmund Baker, William Siddall, John Wood, Samuel Hargrave, M. C. Willis, Edward Jones, Tyler D. Hewitt, Bennet Jones, James Jones, William J. Gatewood, Gen. Hargrave's Bob and Ranzo Tate.

Ordered that Lewis Reed work on Calhoun or Main Street, beginning at James Caldwell's corner on the Shawneetown & Jonesboro Road, and to have all hands not included in other bounds. Meeting adjourned.

July 30, 1831 a meeting held at courthouse to deal with canine madness. Ordained that any dog running at large may be killed by anyone except that dogs following their owners from the country shall not be killed until owner be given one hour to confine same. Later rescinded.









April 3, 1832: Ordered notice for election of 5 trustees be posted, said election to be held 14th Inst. New corporate bounds were set at one-mile square with the courthouse in the center. Earlier bounds rescinded. Appointed John Lane Supervisor to work the road from where Clinton St. intersects the St. Louis Road with Lane St. to where it intersects Calhoun St. and also the road passing the old ford from where it intersects the aforesaid road to where it intersects the Bridge road, and that he be allotted all the hands in the corporation South of the first ?teet of lots on the South side of Clinton St.

John Siddall be Supervisor to work Clinton St. 1 mile from courthouse on St. Louis Road and all hands on said Street to work with him.

James Caldwell is appointed Supervisor to work one mile from courthouse passing the bridge on Road to Shawneetown, bounds include all hands on both sides of road to work with him.

Willis Hargrave appointed Supervisor to work Jackson St one mile on Carmi Road and Jackson St to its intersection with St. Louis road with all hands on both sides of said street.

Israel Bozarth appointed Supervisor to work Calhoun St. one mile from courthouse. He is allotted these hands ‑ viz; Moses Thompson, John Norman, Steward W. Murray, Tilford Bozarth and Lewis Drury and all his hands.

Appointed John Lane and John Siddall to value village real estate. Adj. Anyone failing to pay fine for ordinance violation shall be committed to jail for 6 hours for each dollar of fine not paid.

In the 1832 election of trustees, John Lane succeeded Reynolds for the only change. Hargrave, Siddall, Caldwell and White were returned.

At a meeting Sunday May 27, 1832 at James Caldwell's office, Leonard White was appointed President Pro‑Tem. George G. Aydelott was appointed constable. (Authors note suggests that General Hargrave was absent because he had gone to the Blackhawk war as had the former constable John Wood)

May 31, 1832: Trustees appointed a committee of vigilance to superintend the welfare of the town, all citizens are earnestly required to be aiding and assisting each one of committee when called on, and when any citizen may think it necessary, the whole committee consisting of John Siddall, John Lane, A. B. Dake, Leonard White, M. S. Davenport, S. R. Rowan and Allen Redman, may be summoned for decisions on suggestions.

June 22, 1832: Trustees ordered an appropriation of $20 to John Lane for building a bridge across the branch on Equality to Shawneetown Road and $10 for cutting out Jackson St. from Court house to intersect the road to Crenshaw’s works.

Oct. 2, 1832: Bids were asked on building a market house on the public Square subject to plans at house of A. Redman, clerk. The bid of Loring Whiting was accepted on 6th, it being $99.50 and the lowest bid. Subscriptions are to be taken on above amount with village paying any balance due.

April 1, 1833: At this meeting Leonard White was appointed Supervisor to work Clinton St. one mile from court house on St. Louis Road and he was allotted the following hands to work with him on road to wit; Israel D. Towle, John Siddall, Lee Hargrave, Redin Renfro, Timothy Guard, William R. Thompson, Joseph Hirst, James Graham, Alex F. Grant, Thomas Napier, ? Napier, and Etheldred B. Puckett.

James Caldwell was appointed Supervisor to work road from where Clinton St. intersects Lane St. and St. Louis road to where it intersects Calhoun St. and also on the road passing the old ford from where it intersects the aforesaid road to where it intersects the Bridge road. He is allotted the following hands for this work; Jarrett Garner, John Lane, John Karns, A. H. Davenport, Samuel Hodges, Daniel Curtin, Edward Butler, John Greer, Moses Hayes, Andrew Hayes, John Barnett, James Hanes, ? Carr, George Williams, J. S. Beaumont, Charles G. Trask, Frederick Oldenburg & Soloman McCloud.

Israel Bozarth was appointed Supervisor to work the Northeast end of Calhoun St.

One mile from courthouse and is allotted the following hands.












George G. Aydelott, Samuel A. Conger, Loren Whiting, Ranzo Tate and all hands at said Israel Bozarth house.

Giles Y. Taylor was appointed supervisor to work Jackson St. one mile on the Carmi road until it intersects the St. Louis Road. The following hands are allotted him to work said road; Willis Hargrave, Francis McCardle, William Robinson, Edward Jones, Samuel, Bob & Carter Hargrave, Alexis Maltby, Robert Olford, James Mulhereen, William Siddall, William J. Gatewood, Lewis Reed, Stephen Huls, Tyler D. Hewitt, Thomas H. and Roy Leavell and Lewis West.


William Hick be and is appointed supervisor to work 1 mile from court house, passing the bridge on road to Shawneetown and is allotted the following hands; Tarlton Dunn, James Dunn, Arnold B. Dake, John Mitchell, Lorenzo Hughes, William Bryant, A. E. McArthur, Joseph E. Watkins, A. Redman, Robert Lewis and Chesley Davis.

Loring Whiting was appointed Town constable and collector and Cornelius Rockafeller, constable and has accepted and taken oath of office.

Ordered that the clerk advertise the letting of three of the stalls of the market house on Saturday April 13, 1833. Be it ordained that the regular market days in Equality be Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday and that the market house hours be from sunup to sunset. A rule was made that anyone buying or selling anything, except at the market house on these days was subject to a $5 fine. Fresh fish was excepted and the order was soon rescinded.


At the 1833 trustee election Timothy Guard and Thomas H. Leavell were elected replacing Caldwell and White. Taxes were set at ¼% and collect­or was allowed 7 1/4% for collecting.

April 12, 1834: No change in trustee election, supervisors appointed for roads or streets, the same streets but several new names among workers.

April 20, 1835: Trustee election held, elected were Willis Hargrave, Thomas H. Leavell, Daniel Curtin, Tyler D. & William F. Hewitt. George Turner reappointed as town constable. Ordinance on hogs running at large in town passed. Ordered that clerk advertise to let out the grubbing of the graveyard in Equality, containing 5 acres to lowest bidder. Set and later rescinded were market hours of from sunup to 11 AM and stall owners prohibited from selling meat higher than 2 1/2 & 3 cents per pound.


July 11, 1835: At meeting at the house of A. Redman, the clerk presented the resignation of Willis Hargrave. Tyler D. Hewitt was appointed Presid­ent Pro-tem and Chalon Guard was elected to fill trustee vacancy.

July 14, 1835: Meeting held at house of T. D. Hewitt, Paid William Siddall $19.75 for grubbing and clearing of graveyard in Equality.

Supervisors were appointed to work same area of streets as in earlier years. William Siddall on Jackson St. with these hands; Willis, Leonard and Samuel Hargrave, Edward Jones, Thomas H. Leavell, T. D. Hewitt, A. Maltby, W. D. T. McCool, W. J. Gatewood, S. Finn, ? Finn, William Hewitt, John Bailey, John Cook & Martin Jorden. George Clements on Clinton St. with these hands; A. F. Grant, Joseph Hirst, Leonard White, D. M. Lyles, W. L. Hiter, Wiley Pate, J. C. & Henry Yost, J. L. Reynolds, Nathan Pike and William Horton.


William F. Hewitt on Calhoun St. to work 1 mile from courthouse passing the bridge on road to Shawneetown with these hands; J. J. Robinson, A. Redman, Robert Hopper, James Hamilton, J. E. Watkins, I. D. Towle, Lee Hargrave, Albert Jackson, James Cook, A. B. Dake Sr. & Jr., Tarlton Dunn, William Hick, Sam Day, Ned & Abm. McCallister, Robert & Sam Lewis.

Israel Bozarth on NE end of Calhoun St. with hands Lewis Reed, Stephen R. Rowan, Benjamin Thomas and all hands at or about Bozarth premises.


Daniel Curtin be supervisor on Lane St. from where Clinton St. intersects St. Louis road to where Lane intersects Calhoun St. and also on the road passing the old ford from where it intersects the aforesaid road to where it intersects the bridge road. These hands allotted to Curtin; John & George Lane, John Karns, William Tate, A. W. Poole, John & G. B. Greer, James Ames, George Turner, Levi Blalock, John White, T. & C. Guard, Jess Murphy & Will Banyard.




At this meeting held at house of T. D. Hewitt, James Cook was appointed constable, James Hamilton was appointed Treasurer, and Robert T. Hopper was appointed clerk, succeeding Allen Redman. Bonds for each were approved. Unanimous thanks to Redman for his efficiency in office. Supervisors named to work streets, names of a few hands new.

August 8, 1837: Specifications named for fence around churchyard and clerk advertised for bids. (Tyler D. Hewitt died 8‑16‑1836) lowest bid $240.


At meeting on July 2, 1838 street and road supervisors were again named along with hands to work said roads. On road leading from courthouse square (intersection of Jackson & Calhoun Sts.) to bridge on North Fork. R. T. Hopper named sup. with hands Viz. L. W. Hargrave, S. S. Scudder, E. Jones, A. B. Dake Jr., Thomas H. Leavell, J. J. Lindsay?, Samuel Johnson, M. D. Gillette, William F. Hewitt, J. E. Watkins, Granville S. & G. Y. Taylor and James Vangorder.


William Hick be supervisor on street & road leading from courthouse, one mile on the Shawneetown road, hands viz‑ J.J. Robinson, George Leviston, A. B. Dake Sr., M. S. Ensminger, Moses Thompson, S. Holt, J. T. Cook, Thompson & Harrison Blair, C. Guard, Sinclair & Dolphus Guard.

John Lane sup. on street & road leading from Saline Bridge, 1 mile on Mt. Vernon & St. Louis road, with these hands viz‑ Bob Ritchey, Negroes Tom & George, Joe. L. Reynolds, John Norman, William D. T. McCool, D. P. Wilbanks, John Hammons, Samuel Day, Abe McCallister, S. F. Spillman, A. J. McIlvain, H. F. Bourland, Dan Curtin and J. Haywood.


William Siddall, supervisor on Clinton St. l mile from courthouse on St. Louis road with these hands: A. W. Pool, George Turner, William Watkins, John Howard, Tarlton Dunn, James Trousdale, B. F. White, James H. Bennett, John C. Yost and Joseph Hayes, General Leonard White and T. Stafford.

Benjamin Lafferty be supervisor on Jackson St. to work 1 mile on Carmi‑St Louis

road from the courthouse, with these hands: Lewis Reed, B. Young, T. Tong, J.

Barrett, William J. Gatewood, Almand, I. D., & Albert Towle, William H. Stickney, S. Gillam and Thomas Turner.

John P, Manhart be supervisor on street leading from courthouse to Bozarth's Ferry and he be allowed these hands viz‑ Ranzo Tate, Robert Tate, Joseph Hopper and Oliver P?, Crippen.


Thomas H. Leavell appointed general superintendent of market house and in charge of 10 dollars voted for its repair. Ordered that no person shall occupy more room in said market house, to prejudice of anyone else, than is necessary to their convenience and comfort.

After missing pages the next record is in 1839 when the village had a new problem. The men were being divided into squads of 7 or 8 men with a different squad to guard the village each night of the week. Each year there were some names missing, died or moved perhaps, with others to take their place. Among the latter among the 7 groups were James Hamilton, John Dixon, James Jacobs, Thomas Scroggins, Thomas Tong, H. Sittes, M. Scudder, John Piles, William Carrilton, B. Scroggins, ?McCaleb and Thornton Young.


June 4, 1840: Grocery license set at $50 but later rescinded. William Hick be supervisor on road & street from Clinton St to Lane St, thence crossing the bridge and to the hickory tree. (This mark tree oft mentioned as the end of county road maintenance in county records) Hands include those at steam mill and bridge plus others. No names mentioned. John Lane be supervisor on Lane St. and to have all hands living on or near said street including Gatewood and Stickney.


Thomas Tong be supervisor on the street from Jackson St. to North Fork Bridge. He to have all hands on both sides of Jackson St. from his house to Scroggins, inclusive except Joseph Hayes.

Thomas H. Leavell be supervisor on street from courthouse passing the graveyard. All hands on both sides of said street allotted to him for work.


Abbreviated account or Equality, Ill., village minutes. 1831 to 1846 continued:

      May 15‑1841 at trustee election on this date the following were elected. Samuel S. Scudder, Benjamin Lafferty, William Hick, William McCaleb and M. S. Ensming­er. Upon the refusal of the latter to serve, James W. Hamilton took his place. Benjamin F. Ensminger was appointed constable and John C. Yost clerk.

      Chalon Guard was appointed supervisor of road and street, commencing at Clinton St. and crossing Lane St. and the bridge, to the hickory tree. Samuel and Parmenus Redman, William McCaleb, N. Flanders, Franklin Grayson, H. Sittes, Mr. Beech, J. Gregory, G. Burk. M. S. Ensminger, A. W. Pool, B.T. Ensminger and E. Hayward are appointed to work said street. The following are appointed to work the street to the courthouse and from it to North Fork Bridge on Calhoun St. D. P. Wilbanks, J. E. Watkins, R. T. Hopper, George Turner, Thomas Tong, S. S. Scudder, Henry Vance, P. W. Green, A. B. Dake, B. B. & Harry Young, T. H. Leavell, Edward Jones and George Leviston.

      John Flanders, be supervisor of road commencing at court house and leading to his house and James W. Hamilton, Charles Osborn, John N. Smith, Joseph Hopper, and Soloman Holt are appointed you to work said road.

      John Lane be supervisor on Lane St. beginning at Jackson St. and extending west to corporation line and allotted him to work are B. Frish, J. Haywood, J. W. Clifton, W. D. T. McCool, John N. Bradford, Sam Day, Isaac Camern, William Parsons and John Karns.

      Benjamin Lafferty, shall be supervisor on Calhoun St. beginning at court house and extending west till it intersects Lanes Road and on Carmi Road to corp. line, with John T. Cook, William Siddall, M. Scudder, G. W. Wallis, John Howard, I. D. Towle, W. H. Stickney, W. J. Gatewood and Samuel Arrington to work said road.

      John C. Yost be supervisor on Clinton St. from Jackson, till it intersects Lane St. These hands allotted him, J. Miles, George Taylor, Asa Robeson, Abe McCallister, J. G. H. Jones and B. F. White.

      Benjamin Lafferty and James W. Hamilton appointed assessors to value town lots and report to the next meeting. Some pages missing.

      Monday Jan. 1, 1844: An election was held, with polls opening at 2 P.M. with these results: William Hick, Benjamin Lafferty, John Lane, Joseph Hayes & Jeremiah Haywood. Hick again elected president, all sworn in by Leonard White Esq., a Justice or the Peace. Lane & Hayes appointed to value real estate within the corporation limits.

      4‑27‑1844: Upon a petition of a majority of qualified voters of Equality, it is ordered that no more grocery store licenses be granted in Equality.

      7‑10‑1844: William Hick be supervisor for present year on street and road leading from courthouse, called Jackson St. to the Hickory Tree on Fords Ferry road. These hands allotted him. Commencing at courthouse and extending to the bridge on each side of street and any hands that may be living at the Steam mill, Viz‑ Richard Richardson, S. M. Gibson, John R. Smoot, Joseph E. Watkins, S. S. Scudder, John T. Cook, Joseph & Soloman Hayes, Edward Hayward, Henry W. Moore, Henry Cittes, any hands that may be at the bridge, John R. Dieter, M. S. Ensminger, also any hands that may be lawfully entitled to work said Road that may be within these bounds at time of working road.

      (End of beautiful penmanship, continued by John Yost, clerk.)

      William D. T. McCool be supervisor on Lane St. beginning at Jackson and running one mile west, with these hands to wit, R. T. Hopper, Smith Warfield, Samuel W. White, William McKever, Jeremiah Haywood, William Henry, Washington Duval, John Lane and any hands about his house and farm, Jim White and Sam Day.

      A. W. Pool be supervisor on Calhoun St. from courthouse 1 mile each way and 1 mile on Carmi road, with following hands: James Gaston, Lewis Sandoz, I. D. Towle, Robert Siddall, R. W. Davenport, T. G. S. Herod or Herrow, Benjamin J. Lafferty, John Reynolds, Joseph Miles, William Eledge, Joseph Hopper, the hands at Sneeds, Mrs. Gatewoods and at William Siddalls farm and any others in bounds at time.

Above order of 4‑27‑1844 rescinded, licenses set at, $75 for grocery.







Abbreviated account of village minutes of Equality Ill. 1831‑1846 Continued:


Jan, 1845: Trustees Lane and Lafferty, having been appointed a committee to assess real estate of village, made their report at Feb. 15th meeting. Their report listed a value of $19,775 on which the board set a tax of 1/2 percent. John Yost was appointed collector and allowed 10% on money by him collected. At this meeting street supervisors were again appointed.


John R. Dieter to be supervisor on street & road commencing at courthouse and running to the hickory tree on the Ford a Ferry Road and on McFarlane Road, one mile from the courthouse. Hands to aid him were Viz‑ Edward Hayward, John Lane, John McDuffie, Henry W. Moore, M. S. Ensminger, C. C. Guard, D. P. Wilbanks, W. W. Gaston, William McCaleb, J. F. Grayson, George & Richard Broadhurst, Thomas Warfield, William Thomas and William Hick. This includes any others in bounds.


W. D. T. McCool to be supervisor 1 mile from Jackson St. with these hands; Joseph Hopper, Andrew King, Jeremiah Raywood, S. S. Scudder, W. A. Duval, Richard Carlton, ? Gregg’s, Sam Day and James Bolin.


N. P. Flanders be supervisor on Clinton St. commencing at Jackson St and running west until it intersects the road running out from Lane Street, with these hands (to wit) Joseph Gregory, Willis Pinnel, B. F. & S. W. White, A. H. Trousdale, William Kelly, John C. Yost and any others within these bounds at time of working said road.


Israel D. Towle be supervisor on Clinton beginning at courthouse and west till it inter­sects the other road and on Carmi road 1 mile from courthouse. He is to have the following hands, those at William Siddalls farm, at Mrs. Gatewoods, at Stickney’s farm, Robert Siddall and the hands living with him, F. C. S. Herod, A. W. Pool, George C. Yost and R. W. Davenport.


S. K. Gibson be supervisor on road from courthouse to the North Fork Bridge. These hands assigned him; J. E. Watkins, Joseph & Soloman Hayes, William Bonds, John R. Smoot, John T. Cook, J. W. Hamilton, James R. Sneed and John Reynolds.


Feb. 3, 1846: Received $10.125 of John Laid, for market house, sold by town constable William McCaleb. William Hick again elected trustee president. Special meeting on 4‑8‑1846 to deal with mob danger from mob rising to molest or injure property or person of some of citizens of this town. Ordered that William McCaleb call as many citizens as he may deem necessary to protect the persons and property of town and that he receive a copy of foregoing order. Records not complete near end, next or last meeting on Sept. 10, 1853: At a meeting of trustees of the town of Equality, holden in the old Court House in said town, there were present John C. Yost, William H. Crawford, Joel Cook, Samuel Reynolds and S. K. Gibson all of whom had been previously sworn by Leonard White, an acting Justice of the peace within and for Gallatin County and State of Illinois. Simeon K. Gibson was elected President of board and John L. Campbell Clerk. (end)


The last 30 pages were of items selected and condensed from over 700 pages of records, dating from our county's beginning in 1812 to 1860. During this period of great change in the wilderness that had been Gallatin County, its population had increased to near what it is today, but all able-bodied men still had to work a certain number of days on the roads. Except for the newer ones, most roads still followed the nearest and best way to mill or market, without regard for surveyed lines. The many inns or taverns are explained by the many home seekers, traders and others looking for opportunities in the new land.


In June 1832, John Lane was paid $10 for cutting out the East End of Jackson St. in Equality, to intersect road to Crenshaw's Works. The county court on 3‑7‑1853 paid to Samuel Day, Abram McCallister and Francis A. Ritchey, $25 each for labor on stone wall in deep hollow near Equality on Shawneetown Road, This may have been the hollow East of the grade school on above street.





      The Campbell 1870 Atlas of Ill. shows Gallatin County prior to the first railroad. This and other early main roads are shown. It had been hailed at its opening as being almost 3 miles shorter than the Island Ripple Road between Equality and Shawneetown. About a mile South of the old ford near today’s State Route 13 it crossed North Fork on North side of railroad, continuing East, it went on South side of rail line in Sect. 23, south of John Crenshaw home and of Junction and on to Shawnee. The part going west from South edge of Junction is still in use. James A. Dively, A Mexican War vet and father of Mrs. William H. McLain 1859‑1935, lived in Equality and drove a stagecoach on this road.


Mar. 11, 1853: M. K. Lawler sold old N. Fork bridge for county, proceeds $75. 9‑5‑1853: County paid Samuel L. M. Proctor $50 for building bridge over North Fork at said Proctors Mill. William McCormick 1840‑1936, as a boy made regular trips of 4 miles on horseback, to get corn ground into meal at this mill. The family lived Northeast of Cloud Hill in a log house on E 1/2 of SE 1/4 of Sec. 30 and he went to a log school near NE corner of NW 1/4 of NW 1/4 of Sec. 28 of T8, R8. His daughter Theresa told me this today, 5‑19‑1977. He described much of this area as swampy. As a young man he hunted for a missing calf during farming season and found water belly deep to his horse in parts of Thorn Thicket. (From son J. W.)


I was told by a descendant, that when Joseph Drone 1817‑92 and family moved from Ohio to Gallatin County in mid 1850's, the only completely cleared field of its size in this area was the 60 acres west of New Market. This was the S 1/2 of SW 1/4 of Sec. 29 T8 R9. A few years later they bought this, the Dillard Cemetery field, and harvested enough clover seed that fall to pay for the farm. In mid 1850's, the road running from the Old Robert Lamb place, due north along west side of this field and the Jackson Cemetery, for almost 5 miles was opened.


April, 1854: The Bear Creek voting place was changed from residence of John Kinsall, late deceased, to the residence of Alfred Davis. The Kinsall residence and school in or near center of Sec. 26, appear on maps of that time as Kinsall. This was many years before the railroad and Omaha.


Sept. 11, 1857: The county board appointed two men to raise funds for truss work and bridge repair on Shawneetown ‑ Equality road. As mentioned before, private funds had built the plank road, only one lane was planked most of the way. This presented difficulties when loaded wagons met and one had to get off and back on this lane. The green 2" road timbers often warped and soon rotted so private money was harder to get on this money loser. Then on 6‑3‑1860 the county commissioners authorized the expenditure of up to $3,000 to build a bridge over North Fork at place known as the Plank Road. Committee appointed to supervise construction was S. K. Gibson, Charles Carroll and Michael K. Lawler.


Robert Walton sold his store on east line of Ridgway Township to William Bidwell who paid the license in 1859. May have been licensed later years?


The early Equality ‑ Carmi Road began at the salt works & going North and East on West side of Equality. (Near Charles Wenzel residence on old Route 13) It touched the Section line of present road about 1 mile North of Equality. The road probably branched to cross North Fork at Dickey Ford or near Elba but the branches rejoined before reaching Buffalo in Sec. 3, T8 R8.


This road and the Shawneetown ‑ Springfield or State Road crossed at old Roland which was located about 1 1/2 miles North of Gallatin County line in White County. Thomas I. Porter 1846‑1936 wrote some interesting letters on this area. They appeared in both the story by Mr. & Mrs. Ernie Smith on the 150th anniversary of Old Village Church and the History of Two Deserted White County Villages by Micah Pearce Smith. In the 1850's, Mr. Porter lived on the State Road over which a stage ran each way, every day to McLeansboro. He wrote that Shawneetown supplied the whole country with every thing it had to buy and bought everything it had to sell, seldom could one stand on our front porch and look either way without seeing loaded wagons in cold or heat, in mud or dust, the teamsters were happy while the horses or oxen were in misery as they toilsomely moved.




Shawneetown is the oldest town in the Eastern half of Illinois and perhaps the oldest continually occupied, non French town in the state. Equality and New Haven were started soon after Shawneetown's beginning.


Shawneetown benefited, by being the first boat landing below the Wabash, by being the location of the U.S. Land Office, opened in 1814 it drew the settlers of South East Illinois here, to select and buy their land and many back at least yearly to sell their produce and make land payments. Before the era of the steamboat, going upriver presented some problems. Rather than buck the current on the Mississippi above Cairo, many from the East landed at Shawnee town and traveled overland to St. Louis and beyond but great numbers of the home seekers found what they were looking for in Southern Illinois. Of those migrating from the Southern states, many crossed the Ohio River at Shawneetown on Wilson's ferry. All of these travelers were potential customers for Shawneetown merchants.


Cuming stopped at Shawneetown in 1809 and mentioned about 24 cabins. Judge Griswold in a letter dated 1815 mentioned the floods of 1813 and 1815, which almost swept the town clean. Thomas Lippincott, editor of the Edwardsville Spectator, described the houses in 1818 as being built on posts, several feet above ground, with but one exception. The next person to describe the town was Mrs. John Tillson in 1822. The only brick build­ing in town was their hotel, which was very impressive on the outside, standing high on the riverbank among the 20 more or less log cabins and 3 or 4 box like frames. She also wrote that five or six of these were occupied as stores, a doctor’s office, a lawyers shingle was on the corner of another and the other must have been a tavern. (The hotel had to be the Rawlings. Missed was the John Marshall brick home, part of which housed Illinois first bank, which was chartered in 1816. Like most of the early business buildings, it faced Front or River Street on which the Ohio River levee was later built. In 1974, about 160 years after it was first built, the county Historical Society had the old building taken down and then rebuilt a few feet West of its original site. They are now refurnishing it and charge a small admission fee.)

James Hall was a practicing lawyer and a native of Philadelphia who sett­led in Shawneetown in 1820. There he became editor and part owner of the Illinois Gazette, the second newspaper published in the state. He moved to Vandalia in 1828 after being appointed state treasurer. In addition to his official duties he continued writing and publishing. In his 1828 story: Shawneetown and the Salines, which appeared in Prairie State by Paul M. Angle, he stated that Shawneetown had about 100 houses of which 5 or 6 are brick, several of frame and the rest of log. There were 12 stores with an active trade, two excellent taverns, an independent bank, a land office, a post office and two printing offices besides a number of smaller shops. Employment was furnished carpenters, blacksmiths, shoemakers, tailors, bakers and other tradesmen of whom a number are settled here. This and the salt traffic probably induced an earlier river travel­er to write that he observed more activity here than anywhere below Pittsburgh. Another writer wrote that another bad flood in 1832 swept away near 100 Shawneetown houses. It has been the same story, continuing until the highest water of all in 1937 after which the federal government offered to move those willing to the new flood free town. Most accepted and new homes were built or old homes moved to New Shawneetown.

After disastrous floods in 1853, 58 and 59, Shawneetown received a 20-year tax break from the state and began a levee around the town. Both, the 1887 County History by Goodspeed and the Chronicle of a Century, which appeared in the Shawnee News on Aug. 13, 1896 tell of recurring floods and the towns efforts to build the four and a half mile floodwall higher and stronger. The new dame on Ohio Tributaries have prevented recent foods.














One of the first men starting a business in Shawneetown, following Michael Sprinkle, the gunsmith and blacksmith, was said to have been named Patterson. Also mentioned in Goodspeeds History, were Peoples & Kirkpat­rick who kept a general store, Hiram Walters, blacksmith and wagon maker, Michael Kane also had a blacksmith shop near or between the above Walters and the river. Tarleton had a tavern down on the riverbank near where the brick warehouse, originally built as a depot by John Crenshaw, stands. James Weir & Oliver VanLandingham were also mentioned as storekeepers. Other records show that the Harmonist Rappite Society, an industrious and religious group which settled New Harmony Ind. in 1814 and left in 1824, had a thriving store in Shawneetown during much of this period.

An interesting history of Muhlenberg County, Ky. by Otto A. Rothert, tells that James Weir 1777‑1845, a surveyor by profession, settled in that county in 1798 and the next year started his and Greenville's first store. His partner in this venture, James Craig soon stepped aside. Craig (a Rev. War vet who died in 1816) and Weir were active in the formation of the new county. Weir's business grew rapidly and he soon had another store at Lewisburg (Kincheloe's Bluff). In the course of time he had mercantile stores at Henderson, Hopkinsville, Morganfield, Madisonville, Russellville all in Ky. and at Shawneetown in Illinois. He rode horseback to Philadel­phia for most of his merchandise, shipped it overland to Pittsburgh, then downriver to the landing most convenient. An old account and record book from this early chain of stores was available to author Rothert. Dated from 1813 to 1815, it contains the accounts of 320 people and many other interesting items of what customers bought and how they paid for it, some were paid for trips to Orleans with produce, others were credited for hauling merchandise from Henderson or Shawneetown Landings or between stores. He seemed to have kept the Greenville store as his head‑quarters. Many times he went downriver with a boatload of produce he had bought, sold it at New Orleans, then boarded a sailing ship for Philadelphia and a new stock of goods for his stores. Some of the owners of the large stores at Shawneetown followed this pattern and also did a large wholesale business with the smaller inland stores.

Weir's name appears early in our county's first records when he and his probable partner, in the Shawneetown store, Thomas E. Craig entered the first of their debt collection suits in court on July 13, 1813. Weir, as a surveyor, helped in the layout of early Greenville, similarities including the names of streets, indicate he also had a part in the early plan of Shawneetown. In August, Weir and another James Craig (The elder had died earlier in the year 1816) were approved as administrators of Thomas E. Craig's estate. During this year the partnership of Weir and Oliver VanLandingham began in Shawneetown. The latter was long active in the Shawneetown business area and owned a large farm in Cypress. The partner of Weir in the Greenville store could have been either or neither of the above named James Craig, however the family was active in early Muhlen­berg County history. Thomas Craig's interest in Lot 1148, Shawneetown was described as running from Front or Water Street to Main Street and on it, a ware and store house, when it was sold to Weir and VanLandingham in 1820. The latter bought a large plantation, near Baton Rouge, La., in 1845 and here he died in 1856, aged 72 years.

Lots 1113 and 1114, as stated earlier were the site of the first Gall­atin County Courthouse and Jail and later in 1830 they were sold to William Docker for $127. after the courthouse or county seat was moved to Equality. The Armstrong Hardware Store long occupied this site and was followed by the Weiderhold Hardware Store, which was there from my first memory. Lot 1111, across the street to the south, was early known as the Gatewood Corner. Here by the 1830's, E. H. Gatewood was operating a large dry goods store. Many years and owners later I remember it as Howell & Waller’s, with one partner operating the grocery and the other the dry goods dept.













From the county records I also find that Lot 1138 was sold in 1822 by Elizabeth Griswold (widow of Judge Stanley Griswold) to William Sloo for $250. The North 1/2 of this lot was sold in 1823 by Samuel and wife Sally Marshall to John Marshall and described as 26 ft. from Main to Water St. and as joining property of Peeples and Kirkpatrick on Lot 1137. In 1824, Joseph Hayes, administrator of estate of Samuel Hayes, sold to Timothy Guard the undivided 1/2 interest of Samuel in Lot 1145 and then bought it from Guard. That property had become more valuable by 1841 is proved by the sale of Lot 1150 by William Limerick for $3,000. At that time business houses were not concentrated in one area, as in later times, but occupied sites on Shawneetown's Main St. as far south as the restored Marshall Bank. Some of these buildings, facing close on River or Front Street, had to go when the levee was started. Following John Marshall as storekeepers or businessmen, besides the above, were the Caldwell’s (John was manager of the Harmony Society store on Lot #1144), the Docker family and Thomas F. Vaught. An account book, of the last named store, dated 1840 list names and purchases of 83 customers.

M. J. Hartnett, editor of the Shawnee News, in the centennial edition of the weekly dated Aug. 13, 1896, quoted from the Southern Illinoisan edited by William Edwards and Son and dated Apr. 28, 1854. A glance at the advertising shows the following as businessmen in Shawneetown in 1854. Ridgway & Bros. (John G. & Geo. A.) were in the dry goods business at the Gatewood corner. Docker & Herring, wholesale druggists, had 5,000 almanacs to give away. Seabolt & Lowe were commission merchants and steamship agents. R. & J. Kirkham were dry goods merchants. William P. James, proprietor of the Phoenix store, offered for sale a fresh supply of bonnets, direct from Philad­elphia and also 100 plows. D. U. Sells was a tinner and Martin Inman announced the arrival of his boat with a stock of almost everything. Beck & Kopf were the proprietors of a family grocery. W. A. Docker was in the dry goods and furniture business. Thomas Henning was a coffin maker and James H. Hart was a merchant tailor. Alfred Richeson & Co. were dealers in general merchandise on the Posey Corner and Charles Carroll 1833‑09 & John D. Richeson 1811‑1893 were also general merchants.

Another look at the past is provided by the Gallatin Weekly Gazette issue of Jan. 19, 1872, edited by Joel G. Morgan. Shawneetown has had many news­papers, the first of which was the Illinois Emigrant which was established by Henry Eddy about 1818, the present Gallatin Democrat was started in 1886. The above Gazette issue stated that it had been in existence only six months and already had due it $500. It asked its debtors to pay its agents as follows; Judge R. D. Pearce at Equality, Dr. J. C. Harrell at Omaha, Thomas J. Tate at Elba, J. Y. McCue at Saline Mines, W. Fuller at Pond Settle­ment, James Ford at New Haven, C. P. Evans at Ridgway and O. W. Evans at Bart­ley. The fact that sales were easy and collections hard, contributed to the short life of some newspapers as well as many early stores.

Business ads from Shawneetown were: Carl Roedel attorney, office with Squire Rhodes on Bank St., 3 doors west of First National Bank. Jacob Welte, The Excelsior Store. Complete stock of everything in grocery line. S. F. Herman, manufacturer of cigars, chewing and smoking tobacco & snuff. Located, first corner above Shawnee House on Main Street. Crit Hughes atty. William Hensley & Silas Rhodes, attorneys at law. Milton Bartley, attorney & solicitor in bankruptcy and in collections. Ed Youngblood, atty., office on Main St. 2 doors N. of P.O. The business directory follows. Adam Baker, wholesale & retail dealer, groceries and liquors, mfrs. of candy, crackers and bread. A. Ellsworth dealer in nursery plants & trees. Bechtold & Weber, whs. & ret. dealer groceries, wines, liquors, bread and crackers. Charles Carroll, whs. & ret. dlr. groceries, dry goods & notions. Docker & Peeples, dlrs. in dry goods, carpets, silks and notions. E. Armstrong, wholesale and retail dlr. in stoves and hardware. Fred Winner & Co. whsale & ret. tin ware, agriculture implements, pottery.











Business Directory of Shawneetown, January 1872 continued.


John D. Richeson, whsale. & retail dry goods, groceries, hardware & iron. (This and the Carroll Store, now separate, were popular in our area.) Inman was now Inman & Sons, dry goods & groceries. We always keep a good stock. Mason's Cheap Store. Dry goods, groceries, boots & shoes. First National Bank, J. McKee Peeples, Pres., Thomas S. Ridgway as Cashier. Gallatin Natl. Bank, Marshall M. Pool, Pres., F. M. Crawford the cashier. B. T. Mize, Saddlery & harness, everything kept in the saddle line. J. Callicott, Saddles & harness maker. Large stock cheap for cash. Docker, Peeples & Co., Manufacturers of blinds, doors and sash. The Gallatin House operated by William Connor, advertised moderate charges. Karcher & Scanland, coffin makers & house carpenters also kept metallic coffins. H. G. & W. Mason were watchmakers and Jewelers. A. H. Rowan, atty. B. F. Brockett, atty. & J.P. Ulmsnider & Sons were whs. & retail Grocers. J. S. Laverty & F. M. Aldridge both advertised as physicians & surgeons. The Gazette advertised job work, with neatness and dispatch. W. J. Elwell ads featured sign and house painting.

The following were news items. There are over 50 pianos in Shawneetown and almost as many organs. A concert was held in the courthouse courtroom for the benefit of Westwood Cemetery. Miss Missick and Lizzie Lowe played the organ and Professor Davis, the singing teacher, directed the singers. A large crowd attended. Small pox nearby, many children have sore arms from vaccination. Adam Baker is building most elegant residence in Shawneetown.

Sheriff Joel Cook, the tax collector, set date for beginning tax collecting. He notified taxpayers he would start collecting at house of William Geers in Eagle Precinct, the next he would be at storehouse of Robert Reid in Saline Prec., next at house of William J. Boyd in Wabash Prec., the next day at storehouse of Fred Sollars in New Market, next day at storehouse of William A. Crawford in Ridgway, the next day at storehouse of Hick & Hinch in New Haven, then 2 days at storehouse of James C. Harrell in Omaha, and 2 days at storehouse of J. W. Clifton in Equality, and 1 day at storehouse of J. H. Waynich in White Oak Precinct.

Under items from Equality were the names of the town board, school directors, and officers of Masonic Lodge #2 and of Hebron Lodge, which met every Saturday evening in the old courthouse. Pastors of the three churches, the Presbyterian, Methodist and the Baptist were also named. There were ads of Weideman wholesale & retail groceries, also wines, liquors, crackers, fresh bread and furniture, the best made and as cheap as at Evansville. J. W. & R. O. Clifton, dealers in general mdse, dry goods boots, shoes, hats and caps. Both paid highest prices for produce. W. T. Crenshaw was attorney and counselor at law, R. D. Pearce was a J.P. Ford and Hess were proprietors of the Flouring Mill. The Equality Marble Works will here after be the Equality & Carmi Marble Works. W. H. Fowler, an old and respected citizen of this place, died of consumption.

The Little Wabash Roller Mills will soon have a flatboat load of furnit­ure at dock, $5,000.00 worth, which they will sell cheap for cash or exchange for corn. Signed, W. P. James, James McCain, Daniel Jacobs. The host of the Equality Hotel is running a hack from depot to hotel.

The only Ridgway items told of Dr. H. H. Hawkins building a new residence and Charles P. Evans moving into his new residence in the budding village. The above load of furniture was at Shawneetown waterfront, Bower & Halsted, wholesale and retail druggists also had their ad among Equality items but were located at Shawneetown. This was a time of adjustment to the advantages offered by the railroads which had been completed within the last year. The three rail lines touching Gallatin County were laid about the same time.














The Shawneetown Mercury of Sept. 13, 1866, D. W. Lusk editor, covers a period a few years earlier, when the river towns and the steamboats were in their heyday. Boat departures were advertised and there was much passenger and freight traffic up and down the river from Shawneetown.

Out of town ads were beamed toward the consumer as well as the retailer. There were 32 Evansville business places advertising their wares among which were furniture, false teeth, bitters, drugs, liquors, dry goods, jewelry, watches, boots, shoes and fine clothing. There were 23 ads from Cincinnati as well as 1 or 2 from towns from New Orleans to Philadelphia. This newspaper consisted of 4 pages with 7 columns on each. Two columns were devoted to the many items for which awards would be given along with names of the 3 judges of each class. Most were of agricultural products. The fair was to be in Equality on the 26th, 27th and 28th of Sept., 1866. There were also 2 columns of descriptions and owners of delinquent tax, real estate. Tax ranged from five to fifteen cents per acre and a vacant lot was slightly higher. One half column gave the Shawneetown market price from alcohol to wool. The price of cotton was 25¢, lb for ginned and 7¢ for seed cotton, Saline and Kanawha salt, market brisk at $3.50 per 280 lb barrel, barrel staves $12. per 1000 for black oak and $15. for white oak or cypress staves, tobacco hogshead hoops $60.00 per 1,000.

There were commission merchant, wharf boat operators, doctors and law­yers among the 42 advertisers in Shawneetown. There seemed to be a market for about everything there. Corn, shelled, fanned and sacked, was worth 60¢ per bu. for yellow and 65¢ for white, wheat $1.25 to $2.00, depending on quality, bacon, buying at 16¢, shoulders at 12.5¢, hams at 18¢ to 20¢ per pound, and selling at 3¢ to 4¢ higher. The surplus was shipped.

Congress had voted to pay $100 bounty to the widows and children of soldiers not surviving the recent war and the same to soldiers surviving. Two ads, W. P. Sloan at Golconda and James B. Turner located on Main St. near the town well of Shawneetown, offered their services in filing these claims with no charges until collected.

Judge Baldwin and Peter McMurchy operated the A. D. Baldwin & Co. and were forwarding & commission merchants and wharf boat proprietors dealing in hay and produce generally. John D. Richeson and Charles Carroll were partners in the same line with Alex Howell & Co. until Sept. 11, 1866 when it became Howell & Millspaugh. They continued the wharf boat and shipping business, Richeson and Carroll concentrated on their store business.

James H. Beasley advertised his stage line as operating 6 days each week between Shawneetown and McLeansboro via Cottonwood and Roland. It left at 6 A.M. from Shawneetown and began the return trip at same time next morn.

John A. Callicott had returned to his old stand between Tunnell's store and the Shawnee House and was making harness and saddles again. (Many business places had to close when their owners or proprietors went to war} Isaac Finch & Co were skiff and yawl builders. They also repaired steam­boats. G. W. Gordon's Marble Yard sold monuments and tombstones. Tom O'Brien & Co. were manufacturers of mattresses and upholstery.

Ben Hoelzle, boot & shoemaker had his shop three doors below Dr. Redden drug store on Main St. Bowman & Curry Livery & Sale Stable was on Main St. opposite the Posey Building. J. W. Norton was prop. of Shawnee House for the reception of travelers. Dr. T. G. S. Herod resumed medical practice in office in City Drug Store. Dr. G. W. Trafton (late of U.S.A. General Hospital) starting practice in office 2nd door below Shawnee House. Dr. P. B. Cheaney, late of U.S.A. locating in Saline Mines area, Talbott res. Silas Rhoades and John M. Crebs attorneys & real estate agents, 2nd door above post office. Charles Burnett & Will R. Hall attys. A. M. L. McBane atty. all had offices in courthouse. Valentine Winterberger, gunsmith work.

James Quick, mfr. of carriages, buggies, spring wagons, saddles & harness. A. Redick & Pete McMurchy were in same line and also made plows. Shop near Main St., a short way above A. K. Lowe & J. L. Robinson’s store.











The Shawneetown Mercury advertisers of Sept. 13, 1866 continued.


Grocers, many of which also sold liquors and wines and sometimes dry goods as well, were The Bazaar, owned by Aaron R. Stout, almost a full column of 20 inches. Karcher, Bechtold & Co. successors to Adam Baker. Beck & Kopf facing Front St. opposite wharf boat. Only store so advertised Joseph Frey, family grocer. Joseph P. Chester, wholesale grocer. Jacob Scheer and Joseph Eckert announced opening of meat shop one door below Karcher & Bechtold Store. Drug Stores were Redden's at the old Brick Stand on Main St. and a new store opened by Becker & Colvard in the Chester Building on Main St., also the City Drug Store, John D. Neel late of Ky. proprietor. Redden had been in business six years, Neel, the latter, was located in the Docker Block and kept James R. Nichols chemicals. James Hanmore advertised that his Family Flour was stocked by Martin Inman and H. O. Docker as well as J. P. Chester and first three above named. H. B. Powell of Excelsior Mills wanted to buy 15,000 bu. of wheat and 1,000 cords of wood, exchanged flour and meal for wheat and corn, sold chickenfeed, bran, ship stuff, flour etc. John M. Eddy, for sale, quantity of shingles.


Among the clothing and dry goods store ads were George Ridgway's, Lowe & Robinson, H. Goodrich Emporium of Fashion, and James H. Hart.


The Shawneetown Silver Cornet Band and First National Bank also had ads. F. A. Brooks advertised his livery and sale barn, his office in Shawnee House. V. Karcher & M. Scanland were carpenters & house joiners. They made and sold coffins. E. J. Nichelson was a carpenter and undertaker. He had coffins of all sizes and was located on Front St. Coffins were of plain or polished walnut.


Ads from Equality were: E. M. Weidamen, family Grocery & general store, he had 500 bbls. of lime for sale. Bailey & Hazen also had general store. E. H. McCaleb, mfr. of buggies, carriages, wagons and plows, agent for sale of Straub's Improved Sorghum Mills and evaporators, feed cutters, cider mill and corn shellers. The Robert Reid General Store ad was from Saline Mines. Ads from New Market were: Dr. George C. Smith (late surgeon U.S.A.) coming back and hoping to resume former practice. Dr. S. A. Secord also announced that he had again established his office in New Market, welcomed back old friends. G. M. Parker & Bro. General Store named many of their wares and welcomed country produce in exchange for their goods.


Another Shawneetown ad was that of Martin Inman, mfr. of furniture of all kinds, chairs, sash, doors, blinds, flooring, siding and lath. Prices as low as at Evansville or Cincinnati. In some lines these towns were the main competitors of Shawneetown, one can think of many reasons why.


Subscription rate for this weekly newspaper was $2.50 per year, rates for advertising were, one square or 10 lines for 1 week $1.00, 6 mo. $7., one half column for 12 months $60.00, ¼ column for 3 mo. for $10. etc. More than half the space was devoted to advertising, editorials and poli­tics much of the rest. There was little news from local area and no deaths mentioned but several legal notices and administrators’ reports.

Some of these business places were still under the same ownership in 1896 some 30 years later. The Shawnee News listed the leading business men of Shawneetown in issue of Aug. 13, 1896 as follows: under heading of dry goods, Allen & Loomis, Charles Carroll, A. K. Lowe & Sons, A. G. Richeson. A. N. L. McBane, Rose & Allen. Clothing Dealers were, H. Drucker, Peeples Bros., I. Allaun. Groceries, Goetzman Bros., A. Eswein, E. Nolen, George Harrelson, Krebs & Shaw, E. Richeson. Hardware dealers were E. F. Armstrong, Robinson Bros., Kookindoffer & Froehlich. Drug Stores were operated by Robinson Bros., E. Eberwine. Meat markets by Thomas Elsasser, L. V. Martin, George Rubenacker, harness and saddleries by F. E. Callicott, M. Rosselot, blacksmiths were M. Golden, James A. Quick, John Rawson.

Omaha is listed as having a population of about 500, a flourmill, a newspaper and several other industries. They listed the following as





Shawnee News, Centennial Issue of Aug. 13, 1896, continued.

among Omaha's leading business men, Rev. R. M. Davis, Millage Davis, R. A. Bruce, Dr. Harrell, Dr. J. W. Bowling, Charles Eubanks, Ben Kinsall and H. P. Bozarth.


Equality was listed as one of the oldest towns in the state and an important business center. It is the site of the old historic salt works. Its principal industries, flouring mills, planing mills, coal mining and the manufacturing of coke. The coke ovens, among the largest in the world, ship much of their production to factories in the east. Among the leading men are Joseph Castles, B. Temple, H. C. Strickland, Bourland Bros., A. C. Rogers, William McIntyre, H. G. Bunker, H. McKernon, George Moore, Al & Charles Smyth.


In this paper local news items were used. There were part columns from correspondents from New Haven, Junction City, Duncan and Equality. There were five deaths announced from Equality, Thomas and son Edward Hamilton, the young son of Mr. and Mrs. James Harberson, infant of Mr. and Mrs. George Helm and the infant of Mr. and Mrs. James Stilly. The 75 loads of staves brought to Equality last week, averaged bringing $2.00 per load.


Among items from Shawneetown was this payment of $168.00 by town coun­cil, to Electric Light Co., for lights. Among prices advertised by Nolens were these; gasoline $.125 per gallon, flour $3.50 per bbl., bacon $.065 lb. Deaths, James William Womack b. Moore County, Tenn. 1820, interred Westwood.


Ridgway was mentioned as being surrounded by rich farming country and having many prosperous merchants. They mentioned the following as the leading men of the town, W. S. Philips, Ed Mills, J. O. Brooks, J. H. Gahm, Dr. George W. Combs, Dr. J. M. Bartley, Dr. William H. Riley, Mike Riley, Rev. J. A Rensman and William Bowling.


During Ridgway's early years it grew rapidly. In 1895, 24 years after its official founding, a newspaper placed its population unofficially as near 1,OOO. It had many business houses vying for the town and country trade. At this time some of the older frame buildings were in need of repair and P. C. Bowles told Ridgway News editor C. T. Curry that he was thinking of replacing some with brick buildings. In 1905 he sold the largest or corner building which, when moved across the railroad, became the Marsh Smith Livery Barn, removed the others from the west 80 feet of Lot 5 Block 1 and in 1906, had a 3 unit, 2 story, yellow brick, store bldg built. It was razed about 1970 and replaced by a single story building which still houses Gallatin Tin & Hardware Co.


Ridgway's first business building was a single story, frame store building on what later became Lot 1, Block 1, erected 1866 or 67 for Albina Hammersley. She kept a store here until 1871 when she sold to William Dickey who operated it to near his death about 1891. There are 363 names on his account book.


After seeing 1894 issues of the Ridgway Headlight and its successor of 1895, the Ridgway News, I began trying to locate the business places of Ridgway in that period. From real estate transfers, old photos, newspapers, talks with older citizens one of whom Joe Febuary b. 1886, was active then and today, Goodspeeds 1886 History and my own memory of buildings in use later, I have made an effort to reconstruct a view of what the town was like in mid 1890's, who was where and what they did. Story originally compiled in 1971. In spite of much research errors are possible here and else­where in this book. They can occur anytime but more probable in old faded papers, which often have to be pieced together.


Lets start an imaginary trip at the alley on west side of Lot 1 above. First building was of brick, 24-foot front and 20 feet deep, a photo of the period has Baker on the front window but it is known that Frank Foster 1837‑1924 and also Joe McDaniel operated meat markets there at an early date. Barney Heathman watch repair & Jewelry store followed and beginning about 1917 E. L. Hale bought and remodeled the building and



Ridgway, about 1895, continued.


conducted a Jewelry business there for many years. Most of the time from 1930 to 1965, it housed a barbershop under several owners, R. Stallings, P. C. Cox, Alfred Leavell and V. Tite among them. Its last use was for seed corn sales. The next building was frame and slightly larger. Martin Esser had his harness and saddle shop here and lived in the old store, which had acquired a second story some time earlier. One of his sons told me that he was born there in 1893 but that they soon afterward moved to a new home on Sherman St. Ads in 1894 show that John A. Crawford had a meat market in this old 20 by 40 foot building. He must have sold to Henry Zirkelbach and Louie Bechtold who a short time later were advertising spring lamb for a change. T. A. Hall bought this corner in 1898 and for 17 years must have been the town's leading store from what I have read and heard. Hall had a pump and water trough on the east side of his store and here people and horses quenched their thirst. I have heard much on this. One of his ads stated, Hall's hitch racks are always full. In 1915 he sold his store to a Mr. Steel or Stell whose health caused him to soon quit.


William Mitsdarffer Sr. 1873‑1943 served as apprentice under Esser and cont­inued the business after Esser left and had a large buggy & harness shop in the present Carl Mills Tavern. My grand father Joshua T. Glass had sev­eral small stores or restaurants and about 1914 he was in the old Esser building. The main thing I remember was, it was while there that he began selling cold soda pop, two bottles for five cents. William Kaufman and E. L. Hale bought the North 40 feet or 2/3 of Lot 1 in 1917 and began selling new Buick and Dodge automobiles. A 34 by 40 foot garage and storage building was needed so the old harness shop had to go. The soda pop came from the Slack Bottling Company at 8hawneetown by rail to Ridgway at $.35 per case of 24 bottles. Years later grandpa told me that after icing he made .15/ per case. He did do a lot of business there before the building sold.


In 1934 my cousin and partner used our credit and bought the 40 by 110 ft corner from Mr. Kaufman and moved our service station there. We had to move most of the old building for a drive in, but most of the lot was covered with buildings and we were soon in addition to gas & oil, selling most everything from a quart of milk to a Norge refrigerator. We sold out in 1965, quitting after 35 years. The rest of the old building was torn down in 1966, 100 years after it was started. Dr. Patricia Smith's medical building now occupies the site. The South 20 ft. of Lot 1 was vacant until 1906 when John Davis built a concrete block building there. It served as a post office for a while and as the Shatteen General Store for about 30 years.


Lot 2, Block 1, Sam Teer (later of New Market) advertised his rates in the Cralley House as $1.00 per day on June 1, 1894. Still in good condition in 1977. On Lot #3, now the bank parking lot stood the J. B. Randall blacksmith Shop. In the Headlite, he advertised as successor to Joel Lamb. (Lamb earlier at New Market and later at Ridgway did blacksmithing & made coff­ins. On the south side of Lot 3 was another old frame building in which Numau Febuary conducted a harness repair business.


On the east part of Lot 4 stood an old 2 story, frame building, part of which had, prior to 1880, been used as a school. I found no records of this but early residents told it to me many years ago. After 1880 it had housed Lamb's Woodworking Shop and in 1895 Charles Atteberry Saloon. Atteberry died in 1897 and in 1898 Mrs. John R. Lamb advertised her millinery shop as in this building and adjoining her husband's restaurant on the west. Next was the frame building (now the block building behind the bank) in which C. F. Barter started his old tin shop in 1885. He moved to a much larger building on Crawford St. about 1890 and the News of Sept. 13, 1906 told that he was rebuilding his business room on Division St. (now Murphy St.) which he may use as his store. Barter's Hardware Co., comprising this and two other rooms on Lot 3, burned in 1965 ending this family business.








Ridgway business growing in mid 1890s, continued.


In 1905 the Ridgway News began a campaign to improve the town by urging the owners to replace some of the ramshackle old buildings. They were of frame construction and 30 to 35 years old. On Nov. 8, 1906 they stated that Barter's were making another improvement by tearing down the old ranch. (Poultry buying businesses were called ranches, within my memory) Charles F. Barter had started with a tin shop in or about 1885, expanded many times, until 1965 when Berter's Hardware Store burned, still family owned.


The old frame buildings on Lot 5 Block 1, were torn down in 1905 and replaced the next year by 2 story brick buildings, 3 in west 80 ft, by P. C. Bowles and 1 by Ed Keane on east 30 feet. In 1895 the latter housed Robert Joyner & Andrew E. Lauderbaugh Grocery Store and after 1897 it was Joyner & Brown (Lauderbaugh died in 1897). Then followed Ed Keane, Bob Bean (an in‑law of Keane), and within my memory George Naumer, Frank & Mildred Davis and R. S. Bryant. The latter 3 were drug stores. Upstairs were rooms for rent and later the E. F. Bayley family home. The next two rooms were small, one housed P. C. Bowles office, the other a barber shop in 1895. In 1897 the post office was in one and C. W. Wiedeman, attorney, was in the other. In 1895 J. W. Dossett, shaving parlor in ad, next door east of store of J. & L.


In March of 1883 William T. & wife Sarah Willis had sold Lot 5 Block 1 to William H. Lewis for $500. Three years later they sold to P. C. Bowles. In 1894 Willis operated a bakery and grocery, at which time Dr. William H. Riley had a drug store on corner facing present day Crawford and then called Main or Short and sometimes Front St. His partner was named Rice, next partner Trammell then W. R. Shewmaker in 1897. Jess Brown was also an early partner. H. M. Walk's name appears in 1908. He had a drug store on this corner many years and was followed by the Kroger Store in early 1930s, upstairs was the Telephone Co. which had rented a building from Bowles in 1895 and which in 1900 had 31 subscribers. Of the two center buildings, I first remember the one next to Walk as being occupied by Walter Hinkley who sold clothing, next one housed Walter Wood's Grocery, Vincent Drone followed Wood then Frank Drone, Joe & son Eugene Hancock, Ernie Funkhouser and in the 40's Paul Cotton and then Joe O'Neal and wife Wilma and her mother Laura Hedger Bean as partners. Beginning in 1930s, Hinkley building was again a clothing store and the other a grocery with both under same management.


In 1895 there were about 9 frame and 1 brick business buildings facing Crawford St. of today but then referred to as Main, Short or Front Street. In 1881 Isaac Smith sold the adjoining Lot 6 to Michael J. Moore. I assume it was unimproved since the price was only $45. In 1883 Moore sold it to Lucy Lewis at $800. In 1877 J. H. Waynick sold Lot 7 to Cicero Waynick for $100. In 1875 T. C. & wife Nancy Kimbro sold Lot 8 to Paulina C. McIlrath for $100. The price indicates some type of building on these lots at this early date. The original survey of the Village of Ridgway had been made for the Kimbros in 1870 and in 1871 they sold 80 or ½ of their lots to Thomas S. Ridgway (the railroad builder for whom town was named) and Charles Carroll, both of Shawneetown, for $800.


Facing Crawford St. in 1894 was the Riley Drug Store, probably Seten & H'y Frame's Famous Clothing Store, Buddy Dossett & son Restaurant, Francis M. Jackson Clothing Store which in Nov. 1894 housed Peeples Bros. of Shawneetown, W. C. Boyer advertised his barber shop as in Keane Bldg. (In 1891 C. F. B. sold south ½ of Lot 6 to Ed Keane Jr. for $600.) next door to F. M. Jackson's old stand, P. C. Bowles bought Lot 6 in 1872 and later sold south ½ to Peter Carlin who in 1888 sold to Jackson. Next was Keanes and then on north ½ was Barter's. The small shop adjoining on north housed the butcher shop of Joe McDaniel 1870‑1956 and Oscar Kanady who slaughtered their own meat. Next was store of Ridgway Mills for whom Henry Shatteen started as a clerk in 1895. There was a brick building in rear, which housed a bakery. I believe Tim Duty was the operator. John W. (Buck) Rollman tore it out in 1910 using the bricks to build his own store on Lot 1 Block 5 and now houses gas company office. Next was brick store housing Brooks Bros. (J. O. & Barney).





Ridgway business, growing in mid 1890s.


On the South part of Lot 8 was H. J. Gahm General Store on first floor and

The Gahm Hall on second floor. Various social events were held there. The store was acquired by Joe DeVous soon afterward and his wife Emma and her mother Mrs. Gus Smith kept a millinery and women’s store there several years. They were followed by restaurants operated by Morgan Awalt and Albert Baker and wife. Ice cream suppers, etc. continued in DeVous Hall for a time until the upstairs was converted to living quarters and finally torn down, probably in early 1920s. Elbert Lamb (1866‑1957) wrote

that his father Scipio A. (1811‑1888) and his elder brothers had built one of Ridgway's first stores on this corner or lot. The McIlrath family are known to have operated an early store here. As stated earlier they bought Lot 8 in 1875. Elbert E. wrote more than 80 pages of his memories of this area. He described this store as 18 feet wide and 36 feet long and with a porch high enough so women folks could step from their sidesaddle onto the porch and then tie their horse to the porch posts. He stated that his father started the store but owing to his many other interests soon afterward sold to a Presbyterian minister named McIlrath. This was the corner store, which in 1895 was operated as a drug store by C. E. Joyner. Back of this building was at least one frame building, used as an office by William W. Walton, police magistrate and Justice of the Peace at early date. The old photograph shows a small building between the Gahm and Joynor store. I was told that this served various purposes among which were a fur and hide buying store, a produce buyer named Henry Porter of Southern White County, may have been there in 1895. Joyner sold his store in 1899 to Dr. H. Larue who sold to W. R. Shewmaker a short time later. The latter’s son J. T. told me that in about 1902, S. Paul the restaurant man across Main St, introduced the first Coca Cola fountain drink to Ridgway. This was also the year the first automobile came to Ridgway. The News stated that Henry Schnurr of Mt. Vernon, Ind., drove the first auto ever in Ridgway. In 1894 it listed John McIlrath as operator of the Shamrock Hotel. In a photo of about 1912 only the Gahm building (then a restaur­ant) of these 3 was left.


Across the street, on corner of Lot 8 Block 8, in 1894 was the S. B. Hicks Grocery & Hardware Store, North of it was the Edgar Mills Hotel which was built in 1892 and closed in 1917 and now the site of fire station and other village buildings. The next building was the old G. F. M. Bean home advertised as office of Dr. S. C. Latham in 1894. In 1914 the News states that S. B. Hicks had purchased the old 2 story Terah Awalt house, probably the oldest home in Ridgway. I have heard that it served as a boarding house for railroad construction workers in 1869. The Bean or Awalt home was on corner Lot #5, east of Hicks Store (the present drug store) was the George Harrelson Building which in 1894 housed the Elbert E. Lamb Store. The Post office was on the east side of Lot 8 for many years (present News site). Most of these buildings were replaced by present buildings in 1910. I remember the Ridgway News as being located in one of these center buildings and a bakery, restaurant and grocery on east side of Lots 7 & 8. This combined operation was owned and operated by John E. Cox by 1920. Milton Jacobs was the baker several years earlier. Cox had the favorite eating place for school pupils. For a dime, one could get a good hamburger and ½ of a hot coffee cake, a welcome change from the usual lunch from the farm. Across the alley on the west side of Lot 1 the brick office building of Dr. Edgar A. Green was built in 1916 and he occupied it for about 30 years, next was the mid 1890s office of Dr. J. M. Bartley, sold about 1899 to Dr. William Johnson later of Eldorado who sold out to Dr. Green about 1908. I remember this old building as the office of Dr. Theodore Green, the dentist. It was different by being about 12 ft. off the sidewalk but similar in size, about 16 by 30 feet and frame construction to most business offices or stores of its time, with an addition on front and rear it still stands.












Early Ridgway business houses, continued.


The first Ridgway Post Office, that I remember, wad in the brick building adjoining. It was built about 1900, remodeled for an office by Joe Bryant MD in the 1950s and now houses the county health office. In May of 1910 work began on the building between the P.O. and bank, by L. H. Frizzell. It now houses Lavern Keeling's restaurant. The First National Bank was completed and started business in Oct. 1909 and closed during the depression in 1933, without loss to depositors I have been told. The building was sold in mid 1930s and was occupied by the P.O. for most of the next 30 years.

On Lots 9 & 10 Block 10 stood the Ridgway Flouring Mill which was very important to area residents. Farmers stored enough corn and wheat with the miller to furnish meal and flour until the next harvest. The miller usually charged about ¼ for grinding and sacking and let the farmer pick up the rest as needed. In 1872 a county newspaper mentioned the growing new town of Ridgway needed a mill. Abraham Zuck was the miller at New Market until 1874 when he sold to John F. Gott who bought Block 10 in Ridgway in June of 1875, on which, at great expense, he moved and rebuilt the mill. Mr. Gott died in Dec. 1877, the next owner Mrs. Sabina Speck, then in 1880 Dan M. Willis who operated it several years before selling it to H. L. & Joel Rice. Rices sold in March of 1893 to Robert A. Bruce for $6500 who operated it until 1897 during which period the picture of Ridgway's first mill was taken and preserved these many years by son William F. of Texas, New owners W. C. & J. T. Trusty, brothers of Eldorado, and T. A. McDaniel of Ridgway built a new mill on the site in 1898. There were other changes in ownership before 1906 when J. P. Colnon became owner. He was there for many years and the one I best remember. Our family was like the average family in having little money but able to manage on what we had. By raising most of what we ate and having plenty of flour in the mill made it much easier. Metal tokens or due in trade bills, issued by merchants during the spring or heavy egg laying season, were often saved for use in other seasons. The last mill owner, Fred Meyer was accidentally killed while working there. Much grain was bought and shipped by rail from this mill prior to the auto age. It was closed about 1930 and razed soon afterward.


Next comes fractional Block 9 and Lot 4 on which stands, well preserved, one of Ridgway's first houses. George Pillow and wife moved into this house in the late 1870s their son Eugene (1872‑1959) told me. At the time of our conversation, the house they had moved from was still occupied (Mrs. Mary Crayne) and was on Lot 2 Block 11 west of railroad. Part of Lot 3 Block 9 was the site of a low building used within my memory for showing movies, as a skating rink and in the early 1920s as warehouse for Ivan B. Green Chevrolet Agency. Next was a 2-story hotel usually known as the Shamrock. This large building, probably built in early 1880s, had a checkered career with many operators. It was taken down in 1923 by Charles H. Hise and sons; our farm neighbors, then used to build a replacement for their part log home. I helped raze the replacement in 1976. Its rough lumber had been cut from the Wilson Brown Farm on North Fork Creek, I was told by Hise. J. A. Bell operated the Shamrock in 1895 and William M. Harrelson became the owner in 1897. Harrelson 1841‑1905, had his first store at the old crossroads at Mackey then rebuilt ½ mile west in NW Corner of Lower New Haven Twp., his next move was to Lot 1 Block 9, 6 mi. to the west in Ridgway in about 1885. Here he and family sold buggies, wagons and implements as well as keeping a general store on Lot 1 and a hitch rack on Lot 2. The News in Oct. 1897 told that they had completed a rock cellar back of their home on Lot 8 Block 5. I was told that they bought and stored quantities of fruits and vegetables here for later use in store. In excavating for the Strand Theater in 1947 many of these heavy, hewed, sandstone blocks were unearth­ed. Rocks were quarried either from the creek banks or the hills. They also built a 2 story building or added a story to old building at or near












Early Ridgway business houses, continued.

the same time. The family operated the store until the 1920s, sold to Joe O'Leary who soon afterward sold to Aydt Bros. (Mat & Vic) who operated it until the 1960s. It now houses the Buveda Gravett Grocery.


Early residents, Bealus and wife Ann (Owens) Boaz, lived in the old frame house between the store and railroad. They died within a few hours of each other in 1904. It then became the home of Ad McDaniel who operated the blacksmith shop, (now site of side room of Jones Farm Store) sold in 1901 to John Vickery who with his sons operated it until 1940s.


I have never met Elbert Emery Lamb, mentioned earlier, but others have told me of his story telling ability and of how they looked forward to his visits. Many of these stories concerned his experiences and early life around Ridgway. During his later years, at the urging of family and his friends, he started writing these memories under the title; People I have smiled with. He had completed more than 80 typed pages and was past 60 yrs when he had a stroke at his New Jersey home and died soon afterward. I am indebted to one of his relatives, Mrs. Judy DaCastello of Nevada, for a copy of his story. My wife and I enjoyed a visit by his son Dr. Joe Lamb in the spring of 1977 during which I asked him about this ability remem­bered so long afterward. He told he acted out many of his stories by ges­tures and imitating the voices of others as well as their actions.


Elbert wrote that his father Scipio A. had a large farm on the Shawnee­town ‑ McLeansboro Road and a general workshop on this road and farm. He had all the carpentry work that he and his sons William, born 1835 and Madison born 1837 (his half brothers) could do. Another half brother Joseph took care of the farming. His father spent most of his time in the shop building plows, harrows, wagons, ox yokes, bedsteads, bureaus and tables, in fact all the furniture for the principal farmers as well as blacksmith and iron work. For power, an ox on the treadmill was used to turn the flywheels and lathes, on finishing or particular work Elbert furnished the power on the treadmill. The home and shop was located across the road and about ¼ mile south of present day Ridgway Manor Nursing home in Sec. 36. This large 2-story log house was razed perhaps 30 years ago. He said many people had only the furniture, which they hewed out or made themselves. Most established farmers had geese and sheep and many raised some cotton. Those without, often wove on the shares for these thereby getting two bed ticks, one of which they filled with leaves or with straw if available. This they placed on a sapling bed in the cabin corner and placed a feath­er filled tick on top of this and an important furniture need was filled. With hard work they would soon have livestock to trade his father for looms, spinning wheels and their other needs.


As Ridgway grew, traffic on the once busy road lessened, so after a few years Scipio moved his woodworking and blacksmith shop to the new town. Eb wrote that his father built a six room, two-story house and on the lot North of the home building he built his shop. This move took Eb out of the Willis School (on present day Route 1, west end of Ridgway Spur) and placed him in the Jackson District. He attended each school for 3 years and described the seats as oak boards with 6-inch boards for backs. He seemed to like going with his friend ¼ mile for a pail of drinking water better than any studies except arithmetic. The shop was probably what was in 1895 advertised as R. T. Bozarth's Undertaking and Coffin Shop, Lot 8 in Block 12. I have been told it was a large building part of which was used as a home. It burned in Jan. 1913. Elbert wrote that they often made coffins to order at the shop of his father, others have told me that this shop was west of Harrelson's Store.


S. A. Lamb is said to have built an early store South of Harrelson’s on Lot 1 Block 17 a part of the William B. Swinney corner in 1892. Lamb was list­ed in the 1870 census as a grocer (probably here) and in 1880 again as a blacksmith, Swinney, a veteran, was here until 1905 when building was






Early Ridgway business houses, continued:


razed. The news had expressed the hope that this and other ramshackle old buildings would soon be replaced, a short time before. Swinneys son Charles continued the business in Block 2 on corner of Lot 10. Lot 1 of Block 17 had 3 other buildings besides Swinneys, all were 2 storied. The South 20 feet was the site of the John Hish and Tony Schoeny pool hall which they sold in 1895 to John Drone who rented it to Fred F. Tate for a general store. I have no information on the center building or the one on the back, which faced Main St. They were all replaced in 1906 by another 3 unit 2-story building. Swinney was on the corner, Sherman Lamb and Henry Shatteen were partners in a store in center, Pete Rooney’s saloon had been in the south part of old building from which he moved in 1899, it later housed The Rufus (Doc) Bean barber shop. The block building, built in 1906 burned in 1909 and was replaced by one of brick, which burned in 1912 while housing the L. E. West general store. It was soon replaced with the present 2 units by William Speck, one of which in 1915 housed the new under­taker J. Robin Glasscock while the one on corner housed in 1916, the new grocer E. F. Bayley. William Walton Jr. had a store, within my memory, there.


On fractional Lot 2, south of above, there were 3 small frame buildings of the type, which were common at the time. They were usually 14 to 16 ft. wide and 24 to 32 feet long. The first was a barbershop and in 1903 it housed Marcus P. Rogers (1842‑1912) photo shop. John Swager (1832‑1900) taught his sons Warren and Charles the shoemaking business. John and Charles were in this business in New Haven in 1880 but soon after they were in Ridgway working together again in one of these buildings. Elder brother Warren, who died in 1899, was in the center building in the same business. Uncle Charlie (his wife was my great aunt Kate Chappell) continued here until 1904 when they moved to East St. Louis, where he plied his trade on State St. for another 30 years. Before leaving he ran ads offering to sell many pairs of handmade shoes for $2.50 per pair. I have heard that one of these buildings was moved to Lot 1 Block 4, where it had many ten­ants the last of whom was Albert Baker, the barber. The other building I remember as the office of Robert M. Morrison, JP and coal dealer. He also rented cotton sacks to farmers for wheat thrashing. During those busy times, I helped as a small boy by driving the buggy to Morrison's and getting 100 to 200 sacks for my father and uncle before hauling water.


South of these stood the towns wooden water tower and windmill pump which with the underground pipes for firefighting were completed in 1894. There were many complaints about the creaky old windmill which blew down during a windstorm in Dec. 1898. This ended the waterworks for Ridgway until 1939 when the present works were put in. At one home, in the North part of town, a homeowner found a length of the old 1894 pipe in good condition and hooked to it and it is probably in use today.


Every early store had hitch rails or racks where horses often stomped or pawed holes. These depressions were favorite dumping places for ashes and cinders from the many coal stoves. Fresh cinders mean acids and a short life for steel pipe. My first knowledge of the old waterworks came in 1934 while we were placing a tank underground on north side of Block 1 and found a rusty pipeline. This started much reminiscing among the older men many of whom remembered some of the details. The tank often overflowed and created an attraction for any hogs getting out of their pens. This wallow and the noisy windmill and possible pipe problems caused many to say good riddance when John Drone hauled the tank and windmill away. The newspaper gave no rates for private hook‑ups, they were probably few, but did give the date of its start and end. Soon afterward another pump was put near the same place along with a tank for horses and mules. This pump was hand powered, put in by village due to public demand.


There were two livery barns west of railroad, one on Lot 3 Block 15 was at one time a store on Lot 5 Block 1, it was moved in 1905 by Marah Smith who operated it for a time. In the 1920s it housed Risser & Rabinowitz








who did a large produce business. The other was the H. J. Gahm Livery and Feed Stable, mentioned in the 1899 News as being built due west of the elevator. It replaced the Gahm stable destroyed by fire a few months earlier. I believe the latter was located on Block Two. The new stable was located on Lot 9 of Block 8, Peeples addition to the village of Ridgway, surveyed and platted in 1888. All of Block 8, east of the alley except Lots 10 and 11 or 72 feet was in Lot 9. This strip of land was 216 feet North to South with the new building facing South St. and most of the rest covered by a barn and sheds. Here horses and mules were bought, sold, traded, boarded and rented. I remember many western horses, most of them wild, being shipped here by rail and then sold. These buildings seemed much older than the livery barn and were probably there in 1888 accounting for the lot being oversize. The first addition to the village was the Combs (Dr. George W.) First, in Sept. of 1887, consisting of the East four blocks of old Westview.


I don't know of any early business buildings on Lot 1 Block 2. Clyde Smith built a service station there in 1930, which was operated by we Miners until 1934 and for many years after by his brother Paul. Lot 2 was the site of the one and one half story Gahm home, razed in late 1960s. On Lot 3 was the H. M. Walk home, it has been modernized and still in use. I am not sure about the first use of Lots 4 and 5 but do remember the large building, made of brown tile blocks, which stood there and housed a produce business for many years. Before this there was a home and a millinery shop, operated by a Mrs. Wenzel, on the corner. Susie Simmons, seamstress, followed Mrs. Wenzel. A Mr. Jordan and his son‑in‑law Clint Beagle (1884‑39) started the produce business and later sold to Hudson Mugge who continued until about the mid 1930s when fire destroyed the building, with great lose to the owners and to Ridgway. They picked up poultry and cream in Ky. as well as in Ill. within a radius up to 75 miles and then shipped the poultry by truck to Chicago or by poultry car on rail to New York. The cream was trucked to Champaign. All of this took a largo crew. Russell and Pearl Ellis were the next owners. They built a home on Lot 4 and a Case Tractor and implement shop on Lot 5. Continent­al Grain Co. now have their office and scales on the latter lot and their bins across the street on the old elevator lot which was being operated in 1892 by Edward Rice and Joe Devous. The News in 1912 stated that the large old elevator had been demolished preparatory to the erection of one of the finest in the state. The latter after being idle for several years was razed about 1975. The elevator has had several owners within my memory


I have heard that the Gahm Livery barn, which burned in 1898, was on Lot 6 of Block 2 and that Gahm also had owned the blacksmith shop on Lot 7, which joined it on the North. I remember the latter as a weathered old shop, covered with weatherboard, and as having a ramp up which they pulled buggies for storage upstairs. They repaired and probably sold buggies there. W. J. (Buck) Smith 1851‑39 was the owner and soon after this he razed the old shop and replaced it with one of reddish colored clay tile blocks. He operated this one story, black smith shop until he was very old. The Ridgway calaboose or Jail, consisting of 2 steel cells or large cages within a brick building the rest of which was the village office, was on the alley on North part of Lot 7. Here the police magistrate or Justice of the Peace held trials or hearings and the village board of trustees held meetings. This building was completed in 1915 and the waterworks building adjoining was completed in 1939.


Most of the following deed records concern Block Two. In 1893 P. C. and Ann Bowles sold Lot 3 Block 2 to David Wiedeman. In 1879 The Singer Mfg. Co. paid $181 for Lot 5 Block 2 and H. J. Gahm sold this lot to A. A. Harrelson for $400. This along with adjoining Lot 6 could have been site of the Gahm Livery Stable, which burned in 1858. In 1879 Lots 1, 4 & 5 of Block 15 were sold by C. P. Evans to J. A. Speck for $1,000. Evans is said to have









Early Ridgway Business Houses, Continued:


had one of Ridgway's first stores and Lots 4 & 5 was its probable locat­ion. This site was across the street from the railroad station or depot. Later issues of the News mentioned businesses setting up shop in the store building across the tracks. Lot 1 was the location of one of the early homes of Ridgway. Razed and replaced in the 1960's it had heavy sills and bricks laid between the studs, a solid wall but without mortar. In 1892 R. G. (Gus) and Harriet Greathouse sold Lot 10 Block 2 to F. M. & J. G. Jackson for $400. In 1894 George A. Lutzunm sold Lot 8 of Block 2 for $340. I have heard that this was the site of Cooks or the Star Grocery which advertised in 1894 that it was located in the old bank building. This lot had several owners before Fulton Etherton sold it in 1905 to William T. Hatfield, who in 1910 tore out the old buildings and erected a large brick building. He was Ridgway's top mechanic and machinist for many years. In the 1930's, 40's and 50's it housed the William Phillips then the William Lawler and finally the John Holderby Ford Agencies. It was used for stor­age until it burned a few months ago. It is now the site of a metal building used for storage. Lot 9 has a row of about 8 coalhouses, all in one brick unit. They were built to serve the buildings on Lot 10 and the one on Lot 9 back of the old bank building. My first record of the latter was the News mentioning W. W. Walton as moving from his office, back of the bank to the Bowles building. This was in 1897. After this came the Oliver Bros. Restaurant, Wickers Restaurant and Grocery and the William J. Baldwin Family Restaurant. In 1897 there were four restaurants operating in Ridgway.


In the division of April 1894, F. M. Jackson received the west ½ of Lot 10 and started the 2 story 2 unit building which is still in use. The news item a few weeks later; work on the Gregg - Jackson building is progressing nicely, indicates that it was built to house the new bank. Another item stated that the Gallatin County Bank had been organized about two years earlier by William M. Gregg, Winfield S. Phillips and David Wiedeman. Other directors were P. J. Valter and T. W. Hall, capital at $25,000. Wiedeman remained at Ridgway Bank as cashier until 1897, when he and Gregg started a bank at Equality where he was cashier in 1901. At this time he, along with John T. Hogan, Charles W. Wiedeman and James Gregg organized the Exchange Bank at Omaha. David Wiedeman was succeeded as cashier in 1897 by George Land and in 1901 William Phillips (1882‑1943) was named Vice President. They were, in a way, the bank until the 1940's, as they guided it through war, hard times and the depression. They seemed to always be on the Job. The News mentioned, in Feb. of 1910, that Mr. Land and C. F. Barter were going to visit the First National Bank of Poseyville, Ind. to get some ideas for a new bank. In Nov. they moved into their new building on the south part of Lot 4 Block 1. Soon after this Mr. Barter was working on a new frame building to house the Alamo Theater. This movie house, completed about 1912, furnished entertainment for our area until the bank needed more room and the Strand was built in 1947 by Dale and Clyde Miner on Lot 8 of Block 5.


The other half of the Jackson Building housed Jackson's own store. An earlier ad told that he was selling out his old store and on Oct. 26 of 1894 he was inviting customers to his new store. W. S. Phillips moved his office upstairs over the bank and The Ridgway News moved from Rogers Bros. building on Main St. to upstairs over Jackson's. In 1904 Jackson sold the two brick units to William M. Kaufman, operator or partner in many Ridgway enterprises beginning with the aforementioned A. J. Cook in 1894 and retiring from the garage business in 1930.


On the J. E. Jackson half of Lot 10 there were two of the common, early type of one-story business buildings. They were small and similar in type. A tin‑type picture of one shows tall corn growing on both sides and a millinery sign in the front. J. E. Jackson had the other built by James Wade in 1897. Wesley B. (Dad) Schubert (1848‑1936) had a shoe repair shop









Early Ridgway business places, continued.

in one for many years after 1910 and I have a picture dated 1916, showing my Grandfather, J. T. Glass inside his tiny store and restaurant in the other one. About 1940 they were removed and replaced by the present brick buildings. William J. Baldwin had one placed on his home lot in Block 5 Lot 1. There it started and continues as a barbershop. It is the only one of this early popular type of small business building left in Ridgway.


J. E. Jackson had the large brick building (on east ½ of Lot 10) built in 1899 for rent to Seten & Frame Clothing Store. Jackson was a clerk for Henry Frame, here for a few years, before buying the contents. It continued as the Jackson Store, operated by the family, until a few years ago when it became the Lee Clothing Store.


The building on Lot 9 of Block 2 was built and occupied in 1897 as a saloon by Gus Greathouse. They may have voted saloons out about this time for he was there only a short time. Buck Smith bought one of Ridgway's early businesses, the Henry Gahm blacksmith shop on Lot 7, and will cont­inue the business and do wood and ironwork repairs. This was in 1894 News.


My grandfather told me that before 1870 and Ridgway's beginning, there was a sawmill located at the South end of Division (now Murphy) Street. I have heard that its sawdust pile covered most of the south part of Block 5 for many years after the town started. Elbert Lamb's story stated that it was about 100 yards East of the depot alongside the mill office. He described it as being about 16 by 20 ft. and of rough lumber and often used in the 1880's as a blind tiger by the bootleggers. From the description and location it was probably used as a part of the Robert (1856‑38) and wife Elizabeth Bruce home on Lot 3, which stood until the 1940's. Lamb wrote that the sawdust pile covered about one‑half acre. In 1894, Frank Drone built a 2 story brick business building on Lots 1 and 2 of Block 3. It was occupied in same year by the general store of Dent Reid and C. C. English. This store which faced Edwards St. was occupied in 1901 by W. W. Walton Hardware and Implement Store. In Jan. 1908 it burned with a large loss to the W. Herman Burnett Store on first floor and I.O.O.F. Lodge and Rush Weeks Shoe Shop on Second Floor. Part of its walls and hitch racks were standing in the 1930's. Many remember the T. W. (Uncle Della) Combs blacksmith shop on the back of Lot 1 on the alley from about 1910 to the 1920's. This small building probably served as home for he and his dog. His shop had earlier been on SW corner of Lot 4 of Block 4.


A letter from an early resident states that Lot 1 Block 4 was the site of the W. S. Phillips family home in 1890's. A news item of 1908 states that Dr. E. S. Hall moved his office from the Heath Building on this lot to the brick building between T. A. Hall Store and Bruce Barber Shop on Lot one of Block 1. Dr. J. C. Murphy then moved into the Heath Building. Albina Hammersley, operator of Ridgway's first store in 1867 lived in a 1½-story frame house on Lot 3. It was razed about 1903 and is now site of the Post Office. A news item of 1903 states that the Ridgway Produce Co. will occupy the Riley Building known as the old school house. Cal Frame (1845‑1916) was owner of this produce house which he sold in 1916 to M. D. Kinsall. I remember this old barn like building on the back of Lot 4, a part of which was an icehouse. In the summer we often bought ice there for homemade ice cream. My grandfather kept his store in a small room in the SW corner of this old building for a time. The old, two room, White school, stood across the alley on Lots 5 & 6. South room housed grades 1 and 2, the North room grades 7 and 8. My first three months of school were spent here, during the fall of 1912, when I lived with my grandparents. We first graders spent much of our free periods watching the 2 or 3 chicken pickers at work in the back of this old building. They seemed to work steadily at picking, icing and barreling chickens for shipment. The White School was built in 1880. Its replacement, which proved to be too small, was called the Brick School. It was built in mid 1890's and was struck by lightning in June of 1915 and burned. It was on the west ½ of






Early Ridgway, continued.


Block 1 of Valters Addition. The steps of the Dale and Fern Miner home, built in 1939, are from the old school. Many of its bricks are covered in their back yard. I am unsure of the early history of the Riley building known as the old school house. M. K. Riley and William M. Bowling, partners and early Ridgway dealers in implements, seed and livestock, bought Lots 7 and 8 Block 4 from Alex Drone in 1895 and may have owned this site also. Elbert Lamb wrote that he lived in Ridgway about 1878 and went to Jackson School, which was near Jackson Cemetery. He named children of the Phillips and Bean families as also going there and others of Ridgway who went to Willis School. A News item of 1900 mentioned that the Bowling & Riley Warehouse known as the Old School House had a new foundation under it. It was perhaps Ridgway's first school and may have housed the overflow, from the White School (built 1880), prior to the start of the Brick School. This, along with the frame building on Lot 4 Block 1, could have been where the boys and girls of the early 1870's attended school. Records show that sometimes buildings were rented for schoolrooms. The White School was built for a school and then sold after its replacement was built, then rented when the need arose and a two-year high school was started here. There was some complaint about this and pressure for a new building before the fire forced the district to start our present school in 1915.


Chickens played a very important part in the economy of this area at this time. With a family living on about every 40 to 80 acres and every family owning from a few to a few hundred chickens, it was not strange that there were estimates of 45,000 dozen eggs in Ridgway, waiting for shipment during the spring flood of 1913. When the best way we knew was a hard way for most to make it by farming, milk cows and chickens did much toward keeping most farm families fed while the surplus chickens, eggs, butter and cream went for other necessities and I know of cases where they helped pay farm payments. The old picking and packing shed with the dirt floor along with the rest of the old produce building were razed during the teens. For many years afterward, except for Dr. William A. Riley's small office on the NW corner, Lots 3 and 4 were only used about a week each summer by Choates Comedians or some other traveling theater group's tent.


Ridgway's stockyards were located on the present Wabash Valley Service Co. site, North of Sycamore St. and the Ridgway Lumber Co. was on the south. In 1894 Valter and Gomien were operators of the latter and by 1895 they had sold to M. A. Cady and Robert Tate. I have seen old church pews manuf­actured by the Tate & Cady Planing Mill and Lumber Co. After several years they were followed by Theodore Kramer. The next operator was Earl Thomas, now of Creal Springs, he was followed by Ralph Atkins. The place has been closed for the last several years and is missed.


Some of the other business places mentioned in the News of the 1890's were J. J. & William M. Kaufman Store, South of the bank, I. I. Sills Newsstand two doors from Post Office. He was called Billy Sills and had a store at various locations within my memory. Both of the above news items were in 1899. Mentioned in 1894 were Oliver Confectionery, Porter & Tarrance Fruit Market, Ed Keane Grocery, C. E. Joyner Drugs, G. W. Kelly Sawmill, Lauderbaugh & Joyner Grocery, George Harrelson Grocery, Elbert E. Lamb Grocery, Trammell & Cook's Star Grocery, The Shamrock House, Thomas Larkin's Tenement House near Catholic Church, Ed Rogers and J. M. Bruce starting barber shop on Main St., Harry Ross sold Ridgway Headlight to Rev. Peter Prince of the Ridgway Baptist Church. The latter changed name to Ridgway News. There was also the Karns & Wilderman Meat Market, The J. B. (Bede) Crawford Barber Shop (Later he succeeded Thomas Dillard as the dray operator. His wagon and team of mules were familiar sights until about the 1930's.), Motts Picture Studio, W. T. Willis Grocery & Bakery, E. R. Martin purchased J. C. Swinn­ey Barber Shop, W. T. Matherly to assist father in latters store at Elba, Dr. Charles Choisser of Elba visited McIlrath family in Ridgway. Among the







Decoration Day in 1894, News Items and Sidewalk Building.


Equality items, Bourlands laying brick walk in front of their business, Equality Coal Co. has resumed work. Omaha ads in 1894 included, The Ferrell & Williams Cash Store & a new store, Eubanks and Greer in Hemphill Building on Main St.


Among the news items in 1894 was this, concerning festivities of Decoration Day, over 100 farm wagons with Ridgway Band and G.A.R. in lead, were in march to Lamb and then Jackson Cemeteries, then to Donaldson Grove for dinner and speeches by John A. Trousdale, Rev. C. T. Douthitt of Omaha and Mr. Rice of McLeansboro. They then went to nearby Crawford Cemetery to finish the decoration of the graves of their departed comrades. I was a spectator at later and lesser parades after the veteran’s ranks had thinn­ed. Besides the drivers, riding on the wagons were those old soldiers too feeble for marching and women and children many of which carried baskets of flowers for decorating. The spirit and effort of these old men, along with the music, seemed to infect every one. The News published an annual report by secretary James A. Dickey (1844‑24) showing the number of unmarked and marked graves of ex‑soldiers in each cemetery within several miles of Ridgway.


Among the ads and news items of 1895 were ads of Dr. J. W. Bowling, Omaha Roller Mills owned by Blackard, Hogan & Harrell, and the Omaha Brick and Tile Co., Welsh & Wilson proprietors. From Inman were Henry Westphaelinger the blacksmith, Dr. H. L. Rodgers physician and surgeon, Bob Rodgers of Inman firm of C. T. Yost & Co. gave News a call. A few shortened items from Ridgway were - R. S. Bryant, popular young Omaha druggist, visited friends here. - W. E. Joyner is starting a new furniture store here with a nice stock. - J. W. Rogers is offering tailor made overcoats at $3 to $4 at Rogers Bros. Building, which joins W. M. Harrelson Store on west. ‑ Editor shown new, 61 by 65 foot schoolhouse by Mr. M. M. Davis. ‑ New road, South of Uncle Jim Beans, will be open by Decoration Day. This was the East extension of Main St. from village limit to Jackson Cemetery Road. ‑ Gallatin County Bank has reorganized as a state bank. ‑ C. J. Smith, the new watchmaker is located at Post Office. ‑ Village is building walks to the new schoolhouse. The above road opening was delayed for about 2 years.


In Oct. of 1896 the News announced that it had been leased by W. B. Barnum who had formerly lived in Beebe Ark. Prior to this it had 4 or 5 owners or operators but for about all of the next 50 years it was edited by the Barnum Family, at first by W. B. and the latter part of this period by his son Clifton W. Barnum.


The News has always pressed for improvements in the town. At that time most of the effort was directed toward getting Ridgway out of the mud. The last boardwalk mentioned as being completed, was from Sherman St., east to the corporation line and the date was Feb. of 1900. I remember many of these walks, near my grandparents home, in the south part of town and bar­ely remember this one. It was between the ditch and fence on north side of the road. Its cinder foundation made a mud free path linking the rock road, which ran east from corporation line for 1¼ miles, with the village sidewalks. There was much walking in those times. We walked to and from high school each day or almost 6 miles. I knew groups of young people who walked much farther, some to Junction or Omaha. The railroads were used as mud free walkways from their beginning. Some rode the train one-way and walked the other. The boardwalks were made with 2 or more 2 by 6 inch runners of any length over which boards were laid and nailed. If these runners were laid on a cinder or rock footing they lasted longer.


Next came the brick sidewalks, in 1903 the village was buying bricks by the carload, selling them at cost and laying them free in order to get more interest. Then came an ordinance requiring property owners to build walks in busy areas or where needed to connect other lines. The only brick walk left in town that I know of is at Crawford and Cedar Streets.







Village and township improvements.


A news article stated that a portion of the brick walks on Front St. were bad as were most of the plank walks. Present day Crawford St. was then called Front or Short St. and earlier, present day Main St. was Kimbro St. During 1904 C. F. Barter and Gus Heath each built a section of what was then called granitoid sidewalks. These were in front of the Barter Store on Front St. and the Heath home on Main St. This walk on Lot 1 of Block 5 is in good condition, including the walk to the house and it is dated. The News continued to point out the good features of these two examples of new and better sidewalks. At this time, during much of the wet and winter weather, the streets were of deep mud and the crossings if any, were of ashes or boards. With concrete, the corner cross walks were made thick, with sloping sides to enable the heavy wagons to travel over them. The village Marshall often carried a shovel and cleaned the crossings of the mud falling from wagon wheels and horses feet. I can remember when they also cut weeds along walks and crossings. I have been told that Garland Kimbro, as mayor, had a crew working steadily at building crossings and walks over much of the town. For an outsider’s view of the town, I refer to an article on Ridgway by Karl K. Knecht, appearing in the Evansville Courier on Aug. 16, 1916. The headline was; Fine Little Town in Gallatin Coun­ty, Ill., has electric lights, modern buildings and the movies, bandstand, tennis courts and baseball fields provide amusement for all. Also mentioned were the luxubria or boulevard type street lights on principal corners, the well oiled streets, the clean concrete walks, the pretty trees and the pleasant homes that can be seen from the business district.


This was the week of the annual Gallatin County Fair at Shawneetown, to which most everyone planned to attend at least one day. For many years there were two daily passenger trains down and two returning and many who could rode these, but our family only rode the train on longer trips. At our farm home we got up early on our fair day, mom dressed and fried two chickens for the main part of our basket lunch while dad did the chores and hitched a team to the surrey to join the procession going to the fair. Dad usually chose Thursday, thinking there were better running races that day. With $.25 or perhaps $.50 to spend, things to see and do with new or old acquaintances, what more could a 10 year old ask for? Only once did I try a trick game at a stand. I had been warned but winning was easy until I chanced $.25. After another try I was broke for the rest of the day. The 45th year of the fair was in 1916.


The fairground grove of perhaps 20 acres of virgin trees was located about ½ mile west of the Ohio, south of the main road, (now old Route #13) and north of the new raised Route #13.


Mentioned in the Courier story were the oiled streets in the village and the good roads in the county. Practically all the roads were of dirt at the time the exceptions being the 2 ½ miles of road made of fist sized crushed rock and located East of Ridgway, North by Jackson Cemetery and ½ mile on the flat east of New Market School. A bond issue financed the 10-ton roller, which arrived in Ridgway on Sept. 30, 1909 as well as the rock, which came from Cave‑In‑Rock a few days later.


The earliest surfaced county roads were made of poles or sawmill slabs, placed over the low or miry sections of the dirt roads. An early hard road was mentioned in an old letter as the old rock road which ran SW from Shawneetown, by Buck Lafferty's blacksmith shop, to the hills.


When more county roads were surfaced, beginning about 1919 or 20, river gravel was used, it being kinder to horses feet and easier riding for vehicles than the crushed rock. It was more economical and easily avail­able in the county. It was sometimes shoveled from the Johnson bar on the Wabash at first but most of it was pumped from the Ohio at Shawneetown and loaded on cars and shipped nearer to where needed. Later during the 1930's it was pumped from pits South of New Haven. The crosslay roads of









poles or slabs were very rough when riding in vehicles, especially for wagons but much better than the deep holes that preceded them. I remember the cross laid roads being called corduroy roads.


In Ridgway, during 1922, we drivers scooped our one-yard load from the railroad car into our wagons and received from $.65 to $1. per load, depending on the distance of the haul. The gravel was dumped into forms 8 to 12 inches deep and 8 to 12 feet apart. If much usage was expected on the road, the plank forms were set wider and the bed made deeper. A soft, shale‑like rock was used on some roads especially in South Gallatin County.


By the late 1920's, graders prepared the roadbed and dump trucks were hauling and spreading the rock or gravel. These along with mechanical loaders eliminated much hand labor and enabled the highway commissioners to complete the surfacing of most township roads before 1940.


Gallatin County’s first paved road, Route #13, was under construction by 1922 or 23 and most of it was in use by 1924. Route #1 came a bit later. Many farmers worked with their teams and scrapers on the grade work on these roads. I worked a few days in 1929 by substituting for the regular driver on a small Model T ford truck. I hauled gravel or concrete mix from the railroads open cars to a section of Rt. 1 North of Rt. 13 and South of Rocky Branch. In 1922 we drivers loaded our wagons but the construction company furnished scoopers here and the trucks were dumped by lever and gravity. The Ridgway News stated Ridgway Spur complete June 1929.


Route #1 and its bridge over Saline River, supplanted two very early roads. One was the Shawneetown to the Salines via the Island Ripple Ford. A ferry was available here during river raises, from the early 1800's until the river was bridged. In 1972, two huge, steel pipe piers, filled with rocks, were all that remained of the metal bridge erected about 1890. The other branched off this road, crossing the Saline River at the ford near the salt spring and continued North about ½ mile, west of Route #1, to the other Shawneetown ‑ Equality Road near the present L & N rail line. Facing east on this road, a short distance south of the railroad, was the 2-story log dwelling known as the old Crenshaw house. The frame house, which succeeded it, has been gone many years. John and Abraham Crenshaw in the 1830’s bought most of the land in this area from the U.S. Government. They were in the salt making business and about 1840, John built the large home on the hill now known as the old slave house and which is open to visitors for a fee. I have been told that cuts of first road, near the river, are still visible. The very old, Valentine Tite 2 story, log house, located in the SW corner of the NE¼ of NW¼ of Section 36, T9, R8, faces the Island Ripple road and is still used for storage by the Robert Patton family. Part of the road, 1 mile East to the ford, can still be traveled, the rest to the South and West has been improved and is still in use.


Within my memory, there have been several coalmines near the John Crenshaw home on Hickory Hill. The village of Lawler or Guineaville, with a store and several red tile houses located South of the railroad and West of the present Route #1, came into existence with the Hickory Hill or Guineaville mine and died when it closed. The Bud Chinn Mine was located in the valley, west of the Reese Sanks home on the hill. During the teens, we along with many of our neighbors hauled the winter supply of coal from Chinn's mine. During the early 1920's we hauled from the A. J. Sisk mine. It was located very near the entrance of the abandoned Hickory Hill mine on the railroad and perhaps 300 feet from the John Crenshaw home. The Logan Highway mine, located a short distance South of Crenshaw Cemetery, was operated during the 1930's by John Sharp, Ira Adams and Noah Kerstein.











Next came the Mid City or Kaufman mine, operated by Lawrence Boutwell. It was located about 1 mile to the east on the south side of Rt. 13. It was closed several years ago at which time it was called the B & W mine. Jack Sisk owned the John Crenshaw house and lived there with his family and also owned the farm on which his mine was located. If I remember corr­ectly, he was both management and crew. There were other 1 to 3 man wagon mines scattered through the hills. Some used handpower to move the cars, others used small mules.


Castle and Temple had their own coal mine in Equality, which furnished fuel for their salt-water evaporator. After the salt business faded in the 1870s, they developed by the 1890s into one of the leading coke makers in the country. Among the mines that followed, the West Side and East Side Mines shipped coal by rail car, as did Guineaville. Other Equality mines were the Sunny Side on the east side of town near the railroad, the William H. McLain Mine was in the north part of town and slightly west of Calhoun Street. It was located on a hillside and in operation during the early 1900s. The Pekin Mine followed many years later and was located on the SE corner of the intersection of Calhoun St. and Illinois Route 13.


The first county mines of record were started in Bowlesville Township in the mid 1850s. Bowlesville Twp. and village, near which the large mine was located, were named for Joseph Bowles, superintendent and operator of this mine. From it grew a village of 350 people. The three main railroads touching Gallatin County were all completed during the early 1870s but this mine had a rail line running east to the Ohio several years earlier. It operated for many years and was especially busy during the war years of 1861‑65, when Goodspeed's 1887 History told that as many as 9 steamboats sometimes waited at the terminal to take on coal. Much of the mine area has been strip-mined during the last decade. The more recent Middle Mines, located about 1½ miles NW of Saline Mines and near Saline River, is remem­bered by few in the area. A long abandoned cemetery of the same name is nearby.


As for the formation of towns and trade centers in Gallatin County, Old Shawneetown was started by 1800 or soon after on the site of an old Shaw­nee Indian village. I have read two accounts, with no details, of a battle between the white men and red men, near this village in 1786, after which the Indians left the area. This was during the rapid settlement of Ken­tucky, long the hunting ground of the Indians. Much blood was shed on both sides. At first a river port, for shipping Equality's salt, Shawneetown soon became a mail center. Service to Vincennes was started in 1806 and a few years later, John Friley was carrying the mail on horseback, the 170 miles between Shawneetown and Louisville each week as stated in an early Henderson County History. John Crenshaw built a large brick warehouse in Shawneetown for storing and shipping salt. It was called the old depot and it had many uses during its life including use as a courthouse during the ­1850s. Many of the early settlers of this area came by boat to or crossed the ferry into this old town and its merchants did a large wholesale and retail business. The coming of the area railroads in the early 1870s ended much of the inland towns dependence on Shawneetown and the riverboats for freight. The advantages of the river were countered by the periodic floods that caused great damage. The town never recovered from the highest water of all, that of 1937, when it rose about 6 feet above the levee and left some wood 2 story houses on their side and most off their foundations. After that most citizens accepted the federal govern­ment offer to move their homes or assist them in acquiring new ones at the new or present site. Most of the large and historic old brick homes were deserted and left and now torn down. Two exceptions are the museum at the Docker House (built about 1838) and a near replica of the Marshall Bank started in 1816. Both are open to the public for a small fee.











They house pictures and many other items and furnishings of the early days.


I have heard that Junction began in the SW part of the present village, along the old Shawneetown ‑ Equality Road, as a few houses, a mill and a store and was called Rawlingsville. The address of Crawford Rawlings store was listed as Equality previously but in the 1858 store license application, it was specifically listed on the county records as on the Equality - ­Shawneetown Road at the place known as the burnt mill on Cypress. The two rail lines finished in 1870 or soon after, joined a short distance to the west and went a bit north of this place. The town was built toward the NE following the ridge to near the railroad and here most of the business buildings were erected.


It is said that Equality was started by those making salt at the Licks, a short distance to the west, near the south center of Section 18. They were dissatisfied with the nearby, low and poorly drained land as building sites. Equality succeeded Saline Lick as the post office in 1827?. It also became the county seat in 1827 it being near the center of a much larger Gallatin County. Salt was the necessity that had brought the early settlers, from a large area, to Equality for their annual or semi‑annual supply and gave the town’s early merchants a chance to supply their other needs. From territorial days and for many years after, Equality was the hub or main road center of Southern Illinois. Salt making was big business here for many years but stronger wells and increased competition caused it to cease around 1870.


New Haven was platted in 1818 and was earlier called Boones' Mill. The 1806 mall route from Shawneetown to Vincennes crossed the rock ford here. Daniel Boone's brother Jonathan and Joseph, said to have been Jonathan's son, started this mill soon afterward but sold in 1818 to William P. (Paddy) Robinson and Darius North, owners of the towns store. An interesting sale and account book of this store and date is still in existence.


Cottonwood, in Section 28 of Asbury Township, is another old trading center and like these earlier mentioned towns has had a bank within my memory. It was located on the old Shawneetown – McLeansboro (via Roland) State Road and stage line and had a Post Office by 1855. Its aggressive merchants had the name of paying more for produce and drew trade from a large area. The Hale Orchards (started by James B. 1842‑1933, a surveyor and continued by his son Raymond) sold peaches and apples to much of White and Gallatin County and shipped many barrels to the cities. They furnished employment for many. The stores are gone but several of the then 15 to 25 homes are still in use. Longtime resident Dr. William E. McGuire (1873‑1940) was areas last physician.


Christmasville became the Post Office site in 1856 and was discontinued in 1861 and re‑opened as Elba in 1866. They were in the fork of White Oak and North Fork Creeks in Section 16 of T8 R8. Soon afterward or in April 1866 those in the Fork were petitioning for a 5th school in the township. Whereas, we the citizens of Elba and vicinity, being deprived, etc. Signers, ­William P. Skelton, Robert C. Nelson, M. or W. D. Hudgens, J. W. Tate, William Matherly, James Dixon, Joseph ? irst, J. W. Shaw, M? B. Thompson, R. W. Bain, S. Brown, William Bain, J. R. Lewis, Allen ?yse, William Summers, William Tate, William P. Fowler, A. W. Brumbaugh, David Hedger, William Simpson, Z. F. Endicott, Caleb Simpson, S. R. Tucker, B. W. Bozarth, William S. Elder, ? W. Hedger, Joshua Snedecor, R. L. Bellah, William Morris, A. H. Ferrin and W. L. Endicott. The 1870 census listed the area as having two doctors, James C. Latham and William G. Hopkins, merchants J. H. Waynick and Joseph Karnes, Dan Files the blacksmith was also there in 1880 with competition from John Gooch. A sawmill was also listed in 1880 with workers and operator.


William S. Elder is listed as the miller in 1870. Dr. William Scott was the only physician named in 1880. William Matherly kept the store then and for many years afterward. There was a covered bridge over the creek in North part of the town that was said to be haunted. Eb Lamb, mentioned earlier, tells an interesting story on this of many seeing a white ghost on this bridge.






This began to hurt the business of the mill and of the store then operated by a Mr. Scott. Josh Hargett, who had a reputation of fearing nothing earthly, took a sack of corn to the mill late one afternoon and started home after dark. On entering the bridge he heard the chain rattle and then saw a white form, at this he turned his horse to the old ford at bridges side. The water was up, the horse had to swim and Josh lost his sack of meal. On hearing this, many of the skeptics were convinced and something had to be done. Four men agreed to try and on checking the bridge one night heard the rattling chain and then fired at the suspected white ghost and then sped away on their horses. The widow Betty Allison's white cow, lay dead there the next morning. She had sought the bridges protection from the night’s bad weather. The chain had been used for leading and tying at milking time. The 1870 and 80 census both listed this family.


The Zion M. E. Church and cemetery, located almost a mile to the South, was started in 1870. The above cemetery was located across the road on north side of church while the new part (adjoining the church) was also deeded by John and Alice Sloan in 1913. Ridgway and Zion shared their pastor for many years with the last regular services at Zion ending about 1940 but the old brick landmark is still erect. The old frame school building held school until about 1950 with its consolidation of rural schools. It served as the Elba voting place after that. Its last merchant was W. P. (Doc) Brown. John and son Riley Belt, the blacksmiths, left Elba for Eldorado about the year of 1923. There are now only one or two families in this once busy place.


New Market, located about 1½ miles SE of the center of Ridgway was platted into 120 lots in 1854 of which 90 were sold. It soon became a thriving trade center with a Post Office from 1857 to 1871 and more than 100 people. By early 1850s most new roads were straight and put on land lines. The intersection of the new road about ½ mile west of New Market Square (now the crossroad) with the old cross-country Equality to New Haven road was designated on old records as the gum tree corner and a few years later as the crossroad at the gum tree stump. With so many thousand virgin gun trees then, why this distinction? During my youth I heard old men tell of trees, in this area, being skipped because they were too large for their saws which were probably the common 6 ft. crosscut type. I remember a small tract of solid virgin gum trees ranging from 3 to perhaps 4½ feet in diameter. I have records of the Ira Philower – Joseph Smith Store (1858‑61) at New Market. There were many others, some short lived, before town faded.


Crawford had a Post Office from 1853 to 1867 located in the Alex Bruce (1824‑97) log home which accidentally burned a few years ago while occupied by the McDaniel family. It was located on the north side of Crawford Creek. James M. Elder and Nathaniel Holderby operated a store on the ridge, south of the creek and north of New Pleasant C. P. Church, from 1854 to 1860. Rev. John Crawford lived nearby and donated the church and cemetery site now known as Crawford Campground Cemetery. The store and the Bruce home were both on the old Shawneetown ‑ McLeansboro Road.


Another Ridgway Township trade center and Post Office was called Inman and was located on the road dividing Sections 11 and 12 at the crossroad, the east part of which is now closed. Upon opening in 1885, the P.O. may have been called Gwaltney for the Keith Gwaltney family who lived a short distance south of the school. Closed and then re‑opened during the same year, it was named for William Inman (1832‑08) who lived nearby and each day made a trip to Ridgway for Inman's Mail. P.O. was discontinued about 1905. Inman had several doctors, usually one at a time. Dr. E. A. Green was there but finished his long career at Ridgway. George Westphaelinger and son Henry started a blacksmith shop on NW corner of Section 13. Grandsons George & Gus continued it at their later home ¼ mile nearer Inman. There were several earlier stores but not more than 2 at one time, but the one I have heard most of was the Hale Store managed by Mage A. Caldwell. The Gwaltney farm was sold by Benjamin & Nancy in 1893 to George Huebner.








The main or parent Hale Store at Cottonwood was one of county's leading stores for many years. The Inman store was sold in 1911 to brothers Charles and Ed Barnett. This partnership lasted only a short time for Ed opened a garage and began selling cars in Ridgway in April 1912 and later changed brands and began selling the Model T Ford which proved very popular in this area. William Rosselot must have started near this time for his was the Inman Gener­al Store that I best remember. In his later years he enjoyed telling of his working in Panama at building the American Canal. His son Leo finally moved the stock to Junction in the late 1930s and later sold it at auction along with the store he had bought there. We (Miners Service) bid on a few lots among which were showcases which we used and a quantity of over­alls which we were finally able to sell at $.75 a pair for mens and $.50 for childrens sizes. Virgil Downen (1873‑42) who had lone worked in the Inman store tried to continue it and later moved it to his home ½ mile north but finally had to close. Jobs and store profits were scarce and most prices low. We paid our farmer friend $.08 for the quart of milk which we sold for $.10 and $.04 to driver for 8 or 10 oz. loaf of bread which sold at $.05. Some ¼ lb. candy bars, Baby Ruth among them, also sold at $.05 during the 1930s.


The closely grouped buildings on the Inman Crossroad including the Hale Store, the office Dr. Alfred Jones, Dr. Greene and Dr. Gregory used, the school, 3 homes, the lodge hall and the shoe cobblers shop are now gone. The rear ½ of the old Rosselot Store remains, the front had to go when the road was improved and widened about 1960.


Better roads and more cars enabled many country store customers to go to towns with stores having more variety of choices among other advantages. One country storeowner, in telling me why he had to quit, said many of his customers were buying at the cash stores in town and some, on their way back, if short of cash would expect him to charge the balance of their needs. In 1925 the Ford Company was advertising their Model T Touring Car, with side curtains, at $290 F.O.B. Detroit, the cheaper sedans were almost double that, a self starter was $85 extra. Good used cars were much less and this put an auto within range of most families. This along with the newly graveled roads changed life on the farms and small towns a great deal. Ridgway, like most in this area, was a Saturday town with much of the weeks business on that day. During warm weather, many families came to or up town in late afternoon, parked their cars on the square if early or fortu­nate enough to find a space. From here the mothers could watch their own or the many others going around the square, mind their younger children in the car or visit others doing the same. Many young and some couples went to the movie at the Alamo. Many waited until 10 PM to collect for their eggs and cream and purchase their needs for the next week. Most stores were able to close by midnight. There were so many living on area farms during the 1920s and 30s that all parking spaces were taken within 2 or 3 blocks of the square at times. Ridgway voted in a bond issue in 1922 and began graveling the main streets soon after the first township roads were finish­ed. Other bond issues were approved and most main township roads were graveled before the 1920s were out.


During the teens, at my first memory, John Wallace was the manager of the Ridgway Standard 0il plant. Robert Pease usually drove the 3 or 4 horse team which pulled the 480 gallon tank on the delivery wagon. Most of the tank's compartments held kerosene or coal oil which every store sold but many also sold gasoline and oil as did about all the garages. This wagon was a familiar sight on the dirt roads toward New Haven and Eagle Creek. The route was often altered, enabling him to fill the gasoline barrels of the early car owners. He was doing this in 1915 and perhaps a bit earlier. Another route took him to the Kedron Store, in Section 8 of T10, R8, via the Equality Bridge. Earl Kimbro, teamster and straw hauler of this period, recently told me that he had made this haul for Pease, often returning












after dark. Being empty, he could cross at the rocky ford near the present bridge over the Saline River. Only during low water could this crossing, near present day Route one, be used but once safely across the teams would return home with little or no attention from the driver. A former mine owner in the Guineaville area told me that area mines had, for a short time each season, furnished a driver and team enabling their customers south of the river to double up when crossing the Salt Spring Ford. One bank was about all of rock, the other was of dirt. Many straw stacks were bought and baled during this period by local men. Wagons hauling it, being top heavy, had to go by bridge to a railroad siding where it was loaded on cars for the paper manufacturers.


Of the community centers and country stores in the south part of Gallatin County, Guineaville was started late, grew fast and like the mine where most of its wage earners worked, short lived. They must have started a few years before the beginning of World War #1 and were deserted soon after its end. Mrs. Julia Syers, who lived nearby as a child, described it as having 2 rows of frame buildings and 3 of tile and of these there was a store, hotel, church, ice cream parlor and a poolroom. The Lawler depot was also nearby. She and others had interesting stories on the early hist­ory of the area in the Equality Sesqui‑Centennial edition of our county newspapers on July 6, 1978. I have a faint memory of going by there and there must have been from 40 to 60 homes there then. Most were sold and removed in the early 1920s. Some were rebuilt as homes, others as additions or detached summer kitchens. My father and uncle, at a low cost, each built a red tile, 24 by 60 foot, chicken house from them.


Active in the management of the mine and store were the brothers, H. P. and James E. Turns. I was recently told, by a longtime resident of the area, that Pate, the eldest (by Guinea) had an unusual habit of using the word guinea a great deal and sometimes he would address his friends as Guinea and vice versa. It is easy to understand this evolving into Guinea's Town and than into Guineaville.


Of the other country stores and community centers, south and west of the Saline River, Kedron had a P.O. beginning about 1883 with the store oper­ated within my memory by a Mr. Barnett. It has been closed for many years. Stores and Post Offices were often started together and supported each other. Leamington P.O. was started in the late 1870s, the store there was operated by Hubert Vinyard for some 40 years prior to the mid 1950s. The building had a lodge hall on the upper floor and stands across the road from the Old Brinkley now called the Leamington cemetery. Gibsonia took its name from the nearby Gibson family, had a P.O. by 1903 and a store operated by the Vaught Family. It was located a short distance south of Eagle Creek on State Route #1. This location may have caused it to last longer than some others. The building and a few homes are still there. Saline Mines P.O. in Section 26 was listed in the Johnson Atlas of the early 1860s. Robinett P.O. was started in 1856 and closed in 1860s and was on the Equality ‑ Ford's Ferry Road and near or in a country store, operated in 1870s by Samuel H. Brinkley near Christian Cemetery in south part of Section 29. Kedron was in the east central part of Section 8 and Leamington Section 22, both in Eagle Creek or T10, R8 while the others were in Bowlesville Township.


There were a few other short-lived Post Offices in Gallatin County and many other country stores. Free delivery in early 1900s by the rural mail carriers, working out of a P.O. with railway mail car service, ended the need for the rural Post Office, often located in a room of a home but more often in a niche of a country store. This was the first blow to the once close-knit rural communities. Others, as mentioned earlier, were the coming of the autos, better roads and labor saving farm machines which resulted in larger farms and elimination of rural schools by consolidation.