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Duncan research files of
Mary Ann (Duncan) Dobson
the Genealogy Bug

Last revised June 30, 2009

RICHLAND CO. IL
Formed 1841 from Clay, Lawrence
 

CENSUS RECORDS

1840 Lawrence Co. IL Census (no Duncan indexed)
Pg.172  Thos. Gardner       0020,001   - 0202,1010,001
   192  Jos. Gardner        1100,1     - 2010,0
   193  Rich. Gardner       0102,1001  - 0010,0001
        Bej. Coats          0000,01    - 2100,1
        Jno. Gardner        2100,1     - 1010,1
        Stephen Gardner     0100,01    - 0000,1
   (MAD: pg.193 names next to each other;
         see 1850 Richland Co. IL census)

1850 Richland Co. IL Census
Clay & Richland Dist. 14
Pg.145, #872-877, Thomas GARDENER 56 GA farmer $2500
                  Frances (f) 55 SC
                  Wm. T. 22, Isaphena (f) 18, Frances (f) 16 IL
Pg.147, #907-912, Stephen GARDENER 43 GA farmer $1000
                  Mary 40 KY
                  Hugh 15 IL
Pg.150, #946-951, Richard GARDENER 63 GA farmer $500
                  Martha 63 NC
                  Martha J. 21, Richard 19 IL
                  (MAD: War 1812 pension, Richard Gardner mar. Martha Duncan 1806 Franklin Co. GA, served War 1812 Capt. Thomas Anderson's Co. GA Militia; 1840 Lawrence Co. IL census)
Pg.150, #947-952, Elijah GARDENER 28 IN wheelright mar/in/year
                  Mary A.E. 17 KY mar/in/year
                  Martha J. 4 IL
Pg.150, #950-955, John GARDENER 41 KY farmer $0
                  Harriet 21, Elias 19, Levi 15, Martha 13 IL
                  David 11, Daniel 9, Wm. H. 6 IL
Pg.164, #1159-1164, Alexander DUNCON 60 PA farmer $400
                  Catharine 46 IRE
                  Samuel 24, John 23 PA
                  Francis 21, Charles A. 19 OH
                  Elizabeth 17, Susanah 15, Lydia J. 6 OH
                  Mary A. 3, Wm. 1 IL
                  (MAD: Samuel Duncan in 1860 Wabash Co. IL census)
Pg.182, #1413-1419, Joseph GARDENER 40 GA farmer $1000
                  Mary 34 IN
                  Jeremiah 16, Isabella 14, Lacary (m) 12 IL
                  Elizabeth 10, Martha H.? 6, Emila J. 4 IL
Pg.182, #1414-1420, James GARDENER 38 GA shoemaker $0
                  Hannah 28 KY
                  Eliza J. 9, Dennis 7 IL
                  Elizabeth 21 IL

1860 Richland Co. IL Census
Claremont Twp.
Pg.118, #838-838, Wm. T. GARDNER 32 IL farmer $3000-$400
                  Lucy J. 30 IL
                  Sarah S. 8, Frances J. (f) 5 IL
                  Erwin (m) 10/12 IL
Pg.118, #839-839, Thos. GARDNER 66 GA (blank) $300-$1320
                  Rachel 69 MD
Pg.120, #852-852, Richd. GARDNER 74 GA (blank) $2000-$480
                  Richd. 28 IL farmer $0-$0
                  Rachel 24 OH
                  Martha J. 30 IL
Pg.120, #856-856, R.T. GARDNER (m) 38 IL farmer $1000-$200
                  Anna 38 IL
                  Mahala 12, Benj. 5, Ira H.(m) 3, Jas. 2/12 IL
Pg.121, #862-862, H. BLANCHARD (m) 45 KY farmer $4825-$1072
                  Thos. 23, Hulda 18, Josiah 15 IL
                  Mary GARDNER 49 KY
Denver Twp.
Pg.153-4, #1082-1083, J.H. DALZEL (m) 28 TN farmer $2340-$654
                  Margt. 24 TN
                  David B. 4, Dorcus A. (f) 2 IL
                  Mary M. 3/12 IL
                  Robt. DUNCAN 17 TN farm laborer
                  Dorcus DALZEL (f) 62 NC
Pg.156-7, #1102-1104, Jas. C. DUNCAN 27 TN farmer $2000-$600
                  F.A. (f) 25 TN
                  Mary C. 6, Martha J. 3, Sarah L. 2 IL
                  (MAD: Robert b.1843 & James C. b.1833 possibly sons of Andrew Duncan & Mary of 1850 Blount Co. TN census; James C. Duncan mar. Teressa A. Delzell 12/15/1853, from Richland Co. IL newspaper)
Bonpass Twp.
Pg.196, #52-54, Charles A. DUNCAN 29 OH farmer $70-$200 mar/in/year
                  Herret 27 IL mar/in/year
                  (MAD: Charles A. Duncan mar. Henrietta Ridgely 3/29/1860 Wabash Co. IL)
Pg.196-7, #59-61, John DUNCAN 31 PA (blank occupation) $9000-$125
                  Sarah E. 22 IL
                  Pheebe C. (f) 2, Charles Wm. 1 IL
                  (MAD: one John Duncan mar. Sarah Unice Griffith 2/25/1857, from Richland Co. IL newspaper)
Pg.197, #61-63, Alexander DUNCAN 68 PA farmer $1500-$300
                  Caty 60 IRE
                  Francis (m) 29 OH farm laborer
                  Susan 21, Lydia J. 17 OH
                  Mary Ann 14, William 11 IL
                  (MAD: 1870 Wabash Co. IL census)

1870 Richland Co. IL Census (no other Duncan indexed)
Bonpas Twp.
Pg.479, #102-102, DUNCAN, C.A. (m) 37 OH farmer $1500-$400 (alone)
 

LAND RECORDS

Richland Co. IL Deed Indexes (SLC 2009)
   Grantor index v. 1, 1840-1863 (FHL film 1,221,741 Item 3)
      A-263: Duncan, Saml. to Reiley, J.C., mortg., June 16, 1841, $99, NW SW Sec.11 T3 R14 & SW NW 11-3-14 & SE SE 22-3-14, filed July 23, 1844
      D-64: Duncan, A. to Duncan, S., deed, Apr. 9, 1852, $125, E 1/2 SW 28-3-14, 80 acres, Sept. 9, 1852
      F-750: Duncan, Samuel to Davidson, A.G., deed, Jan. 13, 1855, $200, S 1/2 E 1/2 SW 28-3-14, 40 acres, Feb. 14, 1855
      G-42: Duncan, S. to Hill, T.A., deed, Jan. 13, 1855, $200, N 1/2 E 1/2 SW 28-3-14, 40 acres, Feb. 14, 1855
      G-401: Duncan, A. to Duncan, John, deed, April 9, 1852, $125, E 1/2 SE 33-3-14, 80 acres, June 11, 1855
      G-403: Duncan, John to Tonebaugh, C., deed, May 16, 1854, $400, E 1/2 SE 33-3-14, 80 acres, June 11, 1855
      I-87: Duncan, James C. to Delzell, R., deed, Aug. 21, 1855, $1200, SW SW 26 & NE NE 34 & SE SE 27-5-9, 120 acres, July 23, 1856
      I-88: Delzell, R. to J.C. Duncan, same, same, N 1/2 SE & SE NE & S pt SW NE 34-5-9, 130 acres, same
      M-9: Duncan, James C. to Wachtel, John P., deed, March 29, 1859, $150, N 1/2 SE 34-5-9, March 29, 1859
      N-132: Duncan, J.C. to Delzell, Harvey, deed, Dec. 7, 1858, $100, 15 acres off N end SE NE 34-5-9, Jan. 27, 1860
      N-219: Duncan, J. to McAfee, Wm., deed, Sept. 12, 1859, $1000, N-219, SW SE & E 1/2 SW 26-5-9, 120 acres, Mar. 22, 1860
      N-240: Duncan, John to Duncan, Charles, deed, Jan. 10, 1859, $375, SE SW 15-2-14, April 23, 1860
      N-241: Duncan, Francis to Duncan, John, deed, Jan. 10, 1859, $200, W 1/2 SE & E 1/2 SE & NW & SE SE SW 1/4 & SW 15-2-14, April 23, 1860
      B-237: Duncan, Daniel to Brillhart, John, mort., Oct. 15, 1860, $175, pt NW NE 2-3-10, 6-97/100 acres, Oct. 16, 1860
 
   Grantee index v. 1 (A-F), 1840-1863 (US/CAN Film 1,221,742 Item 5)
      A/1-398: Duncan, A.F. from Newman, John, deed, Nov. 10, 1843, $500, NW NW 13-2-14, July 15, 1845
      A1-399: Duncan, A.F. from Newman, Pheaba, deed, same date, $250, E 1/2 SE 33-3-14, July 15, 1845
      A1-401: Duncan, Alex from Flickinger, Levi, deed, Nov. 10, 1843, $250, E 1/2 SW 28-3-14, July 15, 1845
      D-64: Duncan, S. from Duncan, A., deed, Apr. 9, 1852, $125, E 1/2 SW 28-3-14, 80 acres, Sept. 9, 1852
      G-84: Duncan, J. & F. from Bethuram, D.T., deed, Sept. 18, 1854, $420, W? 1/2 SE & E 1/2 NE S 1/2 14 & SE SW 15-2-14, 140 acres, Feb. 28, 1855
      G-401: Duncan, John from Duncan, A., deed, April 9, 1852, $125, E 1/2 SE 33-3-14, 80 acres, June 11, 1855
      I-88: Duncan, J.C. from Delzell, R., August 21, 1855, N 1/2 SE & SE NE & S pt SW NE 34-5-9, 130 acres, July 23, 1856
      I-176: Duncan, Josh from Herrington, Charles, deed, July 8, 1856, $450, SW NW 10 & W 1/2 NE & SE NE 9-2-9, 160 acres, Sept. 29, 1856
      L-374, 370: Duncan, James from Delzell, James, deed, Dec. 11, 1858 (1853?), $100, SW SW NE 34-5-9, 15 acres, March 29, 1859
      N-239? (N-23x): Duncan, C.A. from Elserday, Charls, deed, Nov. 3, 1856, $255, lot 7 S of School Land, 16-2-14, April 23, 1860
      N-240: Duncan, Charles from Duncan, John, deed, Jan. 10, 1859, $375, SE SW 15-2-14, April 23, 1860
      N-241: Duncan, John from Duncan, Francis, deed, Jan. 10, 1859, $200, W 1/2 SE & E 1/2 SE & NW & SE SE SW 1/4 & SW 15-2-14, April 23, 1860
      N-408: Duncan, David from Brithart, John, deed, Oct. 15, 1861 (1860?), $blank, pt NW NE 2-3-10, 6-97/100 acres, Oct. 16, 1860
      P-215: Duncan, F. from Berry, Samuel, deed, Nov. 12, 1860, $160, SE SE 13-2-14, March 14, 1863
      P-213: Duncan, F. from Berry, Samual, deed, Nov. 12, 1860, $160, SE SE 13-2-14, March 14, 1863. (MAD: listed in index on two consecutive pages)
 

Richland Co. IL Deeds (SLC 2009)
      A-263: 16 June 1841, Samuel Duncan of Lawrence Co. IL to John C. Reily of same, for $99, sell lot of "20" acres conveyed by me to Jacob Conaim?, the NW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.11 Twp.3N Range 14W containing 40 acres, and SW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.11 Twp.3N Range 14W, 40 acres, and SE 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec.22 Twp.3N Range 14W, 40 acres, making in all 100 acres hereby conveyed. I have executed a note for $99 this day, payable 12 months within 12% interest. Wit. John Seed? (Sud?), A.S. Badollet JP. (FHL film 1,221,744 item 5; MAD: indexed as mortgage)
      A-398: 10 Nov. 1843, John Newman and Mariah (X) his wife of Wayne Co. OH to Alexander Duncan of Richland Co. OH, for $500, NW 1/4 Sec.13 Twp.2N Range 14W. Wit. D. Kaufman JP, Levi Flickinger?. (FHL film 1,221,744 item 5)
      A-399: 10 Nov. 1843, Phebe (X) Newman of Wayne Co. OH to Alexander Duncan of Richland Co. OH, for $250, lot in Richland Co. IL, E 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.33 Twp.3N Range 14W. Wit. D. Kaufman JP of Wayne Co. OH, Levi Flickinger. (FHL film 1,221,744 item 5)
      A-401: 10 Nov. 1843, Levi Flickinger and wife Anna of Wayne Co. OH to Alexander Duncan of Richland Co. OH, for $250, land in Richland Co. IL, E 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec.28 Twp.3N Range 14W. Wit. D. Kaufman JP, John Newman, Wayne Co. OH. (FHL film 1,221,744 item 5)
      D-64: 9 April 1852, Alexander Duncan and wife Catharine (X) of Richland Co. IL to Samuel Duncan of same, for $125, tract in Richland Co. IL, E 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec.28 Twp.3N Range 14W, 80 acres. Wit. Jacob Berry JP, Hannah (X) Landis. (FHL film 1,221,745 item 4)
      F-749: 13 Jan. 1855, Samuel Duncan and wife Sarah Ann of Richland Co. IL to Albert G. Davidson of same, for $200, S 1/2 E 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec.28 Twp.3N Range 14W, 40 acres. Both signed. Wit. Titus A?. Hill, Jos. E. Whittington JP. (FHL film 1,221,746 item 3)
      G-42: 13 Jan. 1855, Samuel Duncan and wife Sarah Ann of Richland Co. IL to Titus A. Hill of same, $200, N 1/2 E 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec.28 Twp.3N Range 14W, 40 acres. Both signed. Wit. Jos. E. Whittington JP, Albert G. Davidson. (FHL film 1,221,746 item 4)
      G-84: 18 Sept. 1854, David Porter Bethurum and wife Lydia of Richland Co. IL to John and Francis Duncan of same, for $420, W 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.14 Twp.2N Range 14W, 80 acres, and E 1/2 NE 1/4 SW 1/4 of same Sec., Twp. & Range, 20 acres, and SE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.15, same Twp. & Range, 40 acres, making in all 140 acres. /s/ David P. Bethurum, Lydia B. (X) Bethurum. Wit. Jos. E. Whittington JP. (FHL film 1,221,746 item 4)
      G-401: 9 April 1852, Alexander (X) Duncan and wife Catharine (X) of Richland Co. IL to John Duncan of same, for $125, tract in Richland Co. IL, E 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.33 Twp.3N Range 14W. Wit. Jacob Berry JP, Samuel Duncan. (FHL film 1,221,747 item 1)
      G-403: 15 May 1854, John (X) Duncan of Richland Co. IL to Conrand Tombaugh of same, for $400, tract in Richland Co. IL, E 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.33 Twp.3N Range 14W. (no wife). Wit. Jacob Balding, Joseph E. Whittington JP. (FHL film 1,221,747 item 1)
      I-87: 21 Aug. 1855, James C. Duncan and wife Terrissa Ann (also spelled Terisa) of Richland Co. IL to Robert Delzell of same, $1200, SW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.26 Twp.5N Range 9E, 40 acres, and NE 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E, 40 acres, and SE 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec.27 Twp.5N Range 9E, 40 acres. Wit. James H. Delzell, Charles Byrnes? (Byruas?) JP. (FHL film 1,221,747 item 3)
      I-88: 21 Aug. 1855, Robert Delzell and wife Darcus (X) of Richland Co. IL to James C. Duncan of same, for $1200, N 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E, 80 acres, and SE 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E, 40 acres, and 10 acres on South end SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E. Wit. James H. Delzell, Charles Byrues? JP. (FHL film 1,221,747 item 3)
      I-176: 8 July 1856, Charles Harrington and wife Sinai? to Joshua Duncan, for $450, SW 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.10 Twp.2N Range 9E and W 1/2 NE 1/4 Sec.9 and SE 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.9 in same Twp. & Range. Wit. G.P. Baicourt??, D.C. Kilbe. Ack. Vanderburg Co. IN. (FHL film 1,221,747 item 3)
      L-370: 11 Dec. 1858, James Harvey Delzell and wife Margaret E. Delzell of Richland Co. IL to James Duncan of same, $100, 15 acres off south end SW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E so as to leave 15 acres of the north end of above quarter. Wit. Henry T. Morton. (FHL film 1,221,748 item 3)
      M-9: 29 March 1859, James C. Duncan and wife Terrissa Ann of Richland Co. IL to John P. Wachtel of same place, $150, N 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E, 80 acres. Wit. John Wolf, NP. (FHL film 1,221,749 item 1)
      N-132: 11 Dec. 1858, James C. Duncan and wife Terrissa Ann of Richland Co. IL to Harvey Delzell of same, $100, 15 acres off N end of SE 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.34 Twp.5N Range 9E. Wit. Henry T. Marton. (FHL film 1,221,749 item 3)
      N-219: 12 Sept. 1859, Joseph Duncan and wife Susan of Crawford Co. IL to William Macafee of Crawford Co. IL, for $1000, tract in Richland Co. IL, SW 1/4 SE 1/4 Sec.26 and E 1/2 SW 1/4 Sec.26, all Twp.5N Range 9E, 120 acres. No wit. Ack. Richland Co. IL before Erastus Logan, JP. (FHL film 1,221,749 item 3)
      N-239: 3 Nov. 1856, William (X) Easterdy of Richland Co. IL to Charles A. Duncan of Richland Co. IL, for $255, lot 7 south tract shool land, Sec.16, Twp.2N Range 14E. Wit. Jos. E. Whittington JP, J.W. Balding. (FHL film 1,221,749 item 3)
      N-240: 10 Jan. 1859, Francis Duncan of Richland Co. IL to John Duncan of same, for $375, W 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.14 Twp.2N Range 14W, 80 acres, and E 1/2 SE 1/4 NW 1/4 Sec.14 Twp.2N Range 14W, 20 acres, and SE [1/4?] SW 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.15 Twp.2N Range 14W, 40 acres. (FHL film 1,221,749 item 3) (MAD: Deed from John Duncan to Charles Duncan indexed this page; deed from Francis Duncan to John Duncan for $200 indexed pg.241; pages 241-252 missing from microfilmed deed book.
      N-408: 15 Oct. 1860, John Brillhart and wife Christiana of Richland Co. IL to Daniel Duncan of Jasper Co. IL, for $300, part of NW 1/4 NE 1/4 Sec.2 Twp.3N Range 10E, beg. at SE corner ... 6 and 97/100 acres. Wit. F.D. Preston. (FHL film 1,221,749 item 3)
 

REFERENCES FROM OTHER LOCALITIES

Wabash Co. IL Deeds (SLC 6/2009)
      G-219: 7 March 1865, "Sarah Riber formaly" Sarah Bailey, and John Reiber her husband of lawful age and children and heirs at law of Elias Bailey (deceased) of Wabash Co., and Joseph H. Preston of Lawrence Co., to Francis Duncan of Richland Co. [IL], for $350, parcel in Wabash Co. IL, all of their undivided interest as heirs of Elias Bailey, deceased, in tract W 1/2 NE and SE 1/4 of NW 1/4 Sec.31 Twp.2N Range 13W, 123 acres and 60/100 acre. Wit. Levi C. Bailey, Wm. Rowland. Sarah Reiber ack. in Wabash Co. IL, John Reiber ack. in Lawrence Co. IL. (FHL film 1,398,810)
      G-221: 16 Aug. 1864, Jacob Berry and wife Susanna (X) Berry, and Samuel Berry and wife Surrenah (X) Berry of Richland and Wabash Co. IL, to John Duncan of Richland Co. IL, for $2,000, land in Wabash Co. IL, W 1/2 SE 1/4 and SE 1/4 SW 1/4 Sec.31 Twp.2N Range 13W, 120 acres. Ack. Wabash Co. IL. (FHL film 1,398,810)
      I-220: 27 Oct. 1865, John Duncan and wife Sarah E. of Lawrence Co. IL to Francis Duncan of Wabash Co. IL, for $1700, SE 1/4 SW 1/4 and W 1/2 SE 1/4 Sec.31 Twp.2N Range 13W, 120 acres. Wit. William Berry, Jacob Berry. Ack. Richland Co. IL, rec. 17 Jan. 1867. (FHL film 1,398,811) (MAD: 1860 Richland Co. IL census)
 

MILITARY RECORDS

War of 1812 Pension Application, Index:
      GARDNER, Richard; War of 1812 Pension Application: S.O. #8818, S.C. #12589. B.L.W. #19713-80-50 and #6295-80-55. Served in Captain Thomas Anderson's Co., GA Militia, from 24 Nov. 1814 to 6 May 1815. Married Martha Duncan in 1806 Franklin Co. GA. Resided 1851 thru 1871 in Richland Co. IL.

Index to War of 1812 Pension Applications and Bounty Land Warrant Applications; National Archives Film (FHL film 840,458)
      Duncan, Joshua, widow Sarah; WO 31401, WC 18787; BL 17515-160-55; Private Capt. P. Andre's Co. US Rangers, 7/3/1815 to 10/28/1815; Remarks: Pensioner insane, guardian William P. McClary, Buckskin, Gibson Co. IN; sol. res. 1851, 1855 Gibson Co. IN; wid. res. 1878 Somerville, Gibson Co. IN, 1887 Noble, "Richmond" (Richland) Co. IL; maiden name of widow Sarah Logan m. Oct. 12, 1820, Vandeburgh Co. IN; sol. d. Sept. 2, 1861, Gibson Co. IN.

Joshua Duncan, War of 1812 Service Record (extract from Dorothy Furgason 9/1988)
      Born 1797, died Sept. 2, 1861; married Elizabeth (Sarah) Oct. 20, 1820. Served as a Private with Capt. Pierrie Andre's Company of US Rangers on the Indiana Western Frontier (along the Wabash River) to keep peace among the Indians; service was 6 months during 1815. He was discharged at Vincennes Oct. 1815. For the above service, at the age of 58, Joshua petitioned for his 160 acres; Bounty Land was granted and located in Richland Co. IL; prior to this he had lived at Buckskin, Gibson Co. IN. Widow Sarah; from Aug. 1878 she was declared to have an unsound mind; her guardian was Wm. R. McCleary; she received Joshua's $8 per month pension from March, 1878, until death; she resided at Noble, Richland Co. IL during 1887; her age 88 years old.
 

Pension Index Card File, alphabetical; of the Veterans Administrative Contact and Administration Services, Admin. Operations Services, 1861-1934; Duff to A-J Duncan (negative FHL film 540,888, some cards very faint); Joseph Duncan to Dunn (positive FHL film 540,889, some cards very dark)
      Cataloged under Civil War, 1861-1865, pensions, indexes; does not say if Confederate or Federal, but probably Federal. Negative film, some cards much too faint or dark to read, some cards blurred or faded, particularly the service unit and the dates of application. Most of the very faint or dark cards were in a slightly different format, with space for years enlisted and discharged which were sometimes filled in. Many of these were for service in later years, although one or two were for service ca 1866.
      Name of soldier, alias, name of dependent widow or minor, service (military unit or units), date of filing, class (invalid or widow or minor or other), Application #, Certificate #, state from which filed (sometimes blank), attorney (sometimes blank, MAD: did not usually copy), remarks. Sometimes the "Invalid" or "Widow" class had an "s" added to it before the application #; occasionally the area for the service information included a circled "S". The minor's name was frequently that of the guardian rather than the minor.
      The military unit was frequently the Company Letter, the Regiment Number, sometimes US Vet Vol Inf. (US Veteran Volunteer Infantry), L.A. (Light Artillery), H.A. (Heavy Artillery), US C Inf (US Colored? Infantry), Cav. (Cavalry), Mil. Guards, V.R.C. (?Volunteer Reserve Corps?), etc. Sometimes there were several service units given.
      Cards appear to be arranged by the last name, first name, middle initial if any, and state (including "US") of service.
      Duncan, Daniel, widow Duncan, Catherine; A 63 Ill. Inf.; 1888 Oct. 22, Invalid Appl. #676436, Cert. #461463, Ind.; 1894 Nov. 24, Widow Appl. #604895, Cert. #434240, Ind. (MAD: Enlisted Olney, Richland Co. IL; ?? 1870-1880 Dearborn Co. IN, b.1831 IN)
 

HISTORIES before 1923

1884 "Counties of Cumberland, Jasper and Richland, Illinois, Historical & Biographical" by pub. by F.A. Battey (FHL book 977.37 H2b and film 982,429 item 5)
      No Duncan; no Richard Gardner or Garner.
      Pg.609: Richland Co. IL; Early Settlers ... Bryant Bullard, a native of NC, settled on Section 6, in Claremont, on this road, with John and Amos. The latter was the second blacksmith in the county, purchasing the tools of Thomas Gardner who opened the first shop in the county. ... On Calhoun Prairie, in the southwest corner of Claremont Township, a settlement was formed about 1818 by Hugh Calhoun Sr. and H. Calhoun Jr., Thomas Gardner, George Cunningham and Joshua Johnson, sons-in-law of Calhoun. The Calhouns were natives of SC and neighbors and relatives of the famous statesman, John C. Calhoun. Gardner was a native of GA, and the first blacksmith in the county.
      Pg.802-3: Richland Co. IL; Claremont Township; Joel Gardner, farmer, born Dec. 18, 1825 in (then) Lawrence Co. IL, and now lives within a quarter of a mile from the spot on which he was born. Joel is the son of Thomas and Frances (Calhoun) Gardner. His father was born in GA and his mother in SC. Thomas moved to IN, where he engaged in farming, and in about 1822 emigrated to IL, and entered 93 acres known as the Peter Colvin farm, and there he died, Jan. 9, 1864, in his 72nd year; his wife died Oct. 10, 1855, aged 60 years, she the dau. of Hugh Calhoun, from whom Calhoun Prairie derived its name. The subject of this sketch ... mar. in 1846 to Rachel E. Heap, born in Muskingum Co. OH, Jan. 10, 1827, died Jan. 24, 1873; mar. 2nd Mrs. Sarah E. Edwards, Nov. 26, 1874, born in LaRue Co. KY June 23, 1838 ...
      (MAD: Thomas Gardner may have been a brother of Richard Gardner of Richland Co. IL, who had been in the War of 1812, from GA, whose wife was Martha Duncan)

1893 "Portrait and biographical record of Effingham, Jasper and Richland counties [Illinois]: containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizen s, governors of the state, and of the presidents of the United States" pub. by Lake City Pub. Co. (FHL book 977.3 D3pn and film 934,983 item 2; SUTRO MICROFILM 70 reel 24, CA State Library, Sutro Branch)
      Joseph Duncan (Governor) the only Duncan indexed, not copied
      Pg.290: ROBERT S. TEDFORD, well-known farmer of Preston Twp, Richland Co., living on Sec.29, born on 14 Feb. 1847 in "Brent" [MAD: Blount] Co. TN, son of Robert and Rebecca (McClery) Tedford who were also natives of the same state, the family is of Irish extraction. In 1853 when our subject was 6 years of age, the parents left their home in the South and took up their residence in Crawford Co. IL. Of their 10 children, Elizabeth, Ann, Hannah, Nancy and Alexander are now deceased; those still living are Margaret, Sarah, Elizabeth, Robert S. and John. The days of his boyhood and youth Robert S. Tedford spent almost entirely in Crawford Co. ... under parental roof until 22 years of age, farmed in Crawford Co., 1869 mar. Miss Mary Duncan, but after a short married life of ten years, she died in 1879, her remains were interred in the Duncanville Cem. of Crawford Co., three children, Laura, Anna and Robert, yet living. In 1880 Mr. Tedford mar. Mrs. Orpha Cravins, widow of Harry Cravins and dau. of John and Catherine (Alvis) Breedlove; three children, Effie, Luther and Ernest; Mrs. Tedford born Gibson Co. IN and came to Jasper Co. IL with her parents when 4 years of age, her parents both natives of Hoosier State. In 1880 Mr. Tedford became resident of Richland Co. ...
      Pg.327-8: THOMAS GARDNER, general farming on Sec. 19, Olney Twp, native of Richland Co., born 16 Dec. 1849 near present home, youngest of 4 sons born to Lorenzo and Eliza (Gratehouse) Gardner; his parents were both natives of IL, the father born Wabash Co. July 16, 1817, when a small child to Richland Co. with his parents, died 15 Jan. 1880, wife was born Edwards Co. IL, died Dec. 16, 1851, both of English extraction. (MAD: probably not connected; was looking for family of Richard Gardner of Richland Co. IL, who had been in the War of 1812, from GA, whose wife was Martha Duncan)

1887 "Portrait and Biographical Album of Coles Co. IL" by Chapman Bros. (FHL film 825,562)
      Pg.561: SAMUEL R. DUNCAN., of Humboldt Twp, born in (MAD: Blount Co.) Tennessee, Nov. 30, 1837, son of Joseph and Susan (Norwood) Duncan of the same State. They were the parents of eleven children, five boys and six girls. Joseph Duncan came to IL in 1844, locating in Crawford Co. where he lived the remainder of his life, died May 6, 1863; date is memorable because, though late in the season, snow fell steadily during the day. Mrs. Duncan still resides in Arcola, as do also her daughters, Mrs. Mary Todd and Mrs. Minerva Ritchey. Joseph and William are residents of Iowa; James of Kansas; John is in Carmi [White Co.], IL; and Mrs. Mattie Burton resides in Danville, IL.
            Samuel R. Duncan was reared to farming, ... log cabin common schools in Southern IL 40 years ago. Sept. 6, 1860, he married Miss Margaret, daughter of Jesse and Charity (McMichael) Kellam, at the home of the bride's parents in Richland Co. this state. Rented land for farming for two years, then moved to Crawford Co. for 5 years, then to Arcola, where after 3 years, he rented land in Humbolt Twp for 11 years, then purchased 400 acre farm; in 1881 raised ... Mr. and Mrs. Duncan are the parents of 12 children, named as follows: Joseph; Harper married Miss Elizabeth Grishom and resides in Humboldt Twp; Charles married Miss Fannie Ashbrook and they reside in Kansas; William, Frank, Jennie, Minnie, Alice, Lavin, Nellie, Nettie, and Samuel Jr. Mr. Duncan a Democrat.
 

"History of the Minnesota Valley, including the Explorers and pioneers of Minnesota" by Edward D. Neill, Charles S. Bryant; pub. Minneapolis: North Star Pub. Co., 1882, 1021 pgs. (LH9118, HeritageQuest images 5/2007; FHL film 1,000,253 item 2)
      Pg.778: Redwood County. New Avon. James C. Duncan, native of Tennessee, was born in 1832 in Blount county. Removed to Illinois in 1850 and worked at farming there twenty years. Since June, 1870 his home has been in New Avon, and he has held various town offices here. In 1853 he married and his wife died March 2, 1878. Mary S., Martha J., Sarah L., Robert A., Eva A., John H., Dorcas I., and Charles E. are their children. April 22, 1879 he married Mrs. Julia Blanchard, whose maiden name was Barber. Her children were William B., Emilie E., Orpha A., Joseph H., Rachel I., and George G. (MAD: 1860 Richland Co. IL)
 

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