"Guillaume Fouquet" is thought by many to be the single male ancestor of
the entire Fuqua family in America. He was mentioned in several records of
Charles City County and Henrico County in the colony of Virginia.
Most of the Fuqua family genealogies which have been published are
based on the "Guillaume Fouquet" information which was presented
by Alya Dean Smith Irwin in her book Fuqua - A Fight For Freedom.
The book is a monument to Irwin's dedication and determination to compile
and publish her lineage. However, it is not the ultimate genealogical
authority on "Guillaume Fouquet" or his seven alleged children.
During her research, Irwin and those who were assisting her identified
many relevant colonial records. Those records were used to construct the
presentation of "Guillaume Fouquet" and his family. The records
were supplemented by the previous works of others, as well as assumptions
which Irwin made to fill informational gaps. Much of that portion of her
work was undocumented.
This is pointed out, not to be critical of Irwin's work, but to
encourage family genealogists to separate proven information from
speculation and assumptions, and to base their genealogies only on what
can be proven.
What is really known about "Guillaume Fouquet?" When considering Guillaume Fouquet, it is necessary to start with his
name. There is no known record which refers to him either as
"Guillaume" or as "Fouquet." Howard Jones, a
descendant of Joseph Fuqua, a participant in some of the research for
Irwin's book, and a former member of the board of directors of the Fuqua
Family Foundation, wrote an excellent article on this subject. It was
published in Volume 3, Number 3, of the Fuqua Foundation News. To read his
article, click HERE.
Howard's article, which is based on the actual records, casts very
serious doubt that our ancestor's name was Guillaume Fouquet. However,
through common usage, it is probable that this name will continue to be
used even though it is very likely erroneous.
Other "Guillaume" information which appeared in the book,
such as his year of birth, seems to have been pure guesswork.
The records establish, without doubt, that he married Jane Eyre. The
commonly used date is
"about 1687." This date came from Irwin's book, and is
based on an analysis of incomplete, and sometimes confusing,
A convincing body of circumstantial evidence can be built, from
available records, to support a case for several children of
"Guillaume Fouquet" and Jane Eyre. Other children are possible,
but are apparently assumed because the individuals lived in the right area
at the right time.
No records have been found which provide an indication of his country
of origin. In addition, there is no known "proven" evidence
regarding his ancestors. It is generally assumed that he was a French Huguenot.
The English Connection
Huguenots are known to have fled from France and gone to
numerous European countries, from which some unquestionably migrated to
America. It is not the purpose of this dissertation to present a case for
how "Guillaume Fouquet" may have fit into that situation.
However, it is interesting to note that, in England, an interpretation of
Huguenot church records encounters the same problems as one has with the
Colonial Virginia records of our ancestor.
The Bishop's Transcripts of St. Dunstan's Church in
Canterbury are typical. Records are found involving two families. In the
case of the first, their surname is entered as Feuquet, Foquet,
Fouquet, Fouquett and Fuquett. The second family is referred to as
Farquett and Fuqueet. It is possible, if not probable, that the families
There were many Huguenot churches in England, and there
are many records which contain references which are similar to those found
at St. Dunstan's Church. The prospect of simply looking for, and finding,
"Guillaume Fouquet" or any other Fouquet in English church
records seems somewhat optimistic, at best. Will the correct surname
spelling please stand up?
The French Connection
In an article written for Heritage Quest Magazine (#18), French
genealogist Margaret Audin made recommendations regarding how to search
for the ancestors of "Guillaume Fouquet." A summary of this
article was published under the title "The Elusive Huguenot" on
the Fuqua Query Board at RootsWeb.
Among her comments regarding a possible connection between Nicolas
Fouquet and Guillaume Fouquet was the following statement. "This is a
tempting idea but one usually to be avoided when the surname is fairly
frequent as in this case." Later in the article, she wrote: "The
other Fouquet families come from Alsace, Angoumois, Anjou, Beauce, Berry,
Brittany, Champagne, Languedoc, Lorraine, Maine, Normandy, Poitou and
She did not address the problems associated with the possibility that
his surname name was actually something other than Fouquet.
The Bottom Line
In view of the uncertainty of the correct given name and surname of our
ancestor, plus the complete lack of information regarding from whence he
came and when, it seems somewhat premature to claim his ancestral line
back to the 1400s. Yet, such claims are made, and proliferate as family
"genealogists" copy such information from one web site to
If one's objective is to put together something that looks good and
feels good, that is very easy to do. GUSTAVE ANJOU made a living producing
"feel good" genealogies.
Unfortunately, the good feelings quickly evaporated when serious
genealogists tried to "prove" them as part of their own
genealogical efforts. To get an idea of the chaos he created, just
click on his name.
The ultimate authority of any genealogical claim is PROOF, based on an
examination of primary records, using sound genealogical research methods
and processes. Anything less is speculation or wishful thinking.
Readers who are interested in settling the issues, and establishing the
facts, regarding "Guillaume Fouquet" are encouraged to join our effort to locate and publish additional
source documents. Only through such an effort will we establish the uncontested truth regarding
"Guillaume Fouquet," his immediate descendants, and his
The "Guillaume" Documents
Presented below are nine known documents which specifically refer to
him. Most of the records were included in Irwin's book.
This author saw filmed reproductions of the original records during a visit to Virginia during
the Spring of 2001. As additional records are located and
verified, copies will be published on this web site.
It will be noted that there are some minor differences between this
list of records and the list which accompanies the Howard Jones article.
These differences are in the process of being reconciled.
At Court, Varina, Henrico County, August 1st,
Phillip Thomas aged about 35 years: Deposeth: That Jane Eyers now wife of Gill
Fuquitt did live at the deponentt’s a twelve month before ye said
death of her Grandfather Will Humphreys and all that time had in her
possession as her own right four cowes, one featherbed and boulster and
two pewter dishes.
Ann, the wife of Phillip Thomas aged about (50 years): Deposeth: The same
as ye above witness. And further Sayeth not.
[Colonial Index: Henrico Co., Va., Book 1, Wills and Deeds. 1677-1692,
At Court Varina, Henrico County, August 1687
Upon ye petition of Gill Fuquett as marrying ye Granddaughter of
Willm Humphrys late decd, and ye
depositions in Court taken for proof thereof, It is ordered That four
cowes, one feather bed, & boulster, & two pewter dishes given by
ye Sd decedt unto ye Sd Fuquett’s wife before his death be, and
remain to ye Sd Fuquett’s proper use, & be nott held nor
deemed any part of ye sd decedents estate.
[Henrico Co., Va., Book 2, Orders and Wills, 1678-1693, (Trans) Reel
53, p. 242; Va. State Library]
At Court Varina, Henrico County, August 1687
Gill Fuquett having to this court subpd Giles Webb who having
attended one day hath ordered granted to him agst ye sd. Fuquett
for forty pds. Tobo. According to law and costs als ex.
[Henrico Co., Va., Court Minutes Book, Aug. 1687, p. 244]
On October 20, 1689, Thomas Cock Sr. was granted 816 acres on the S. side
of Chickahaniny main Sw. in Varina Parish, Henrico County, VA. This was
for the transportation of 17 headrights to the Colony of Virginia. The 17
persons were: Jno. Witt, Jane Borar (Borer), Robt. Beasley, Gill
Ffuckett, Joane (Joan) White, Patrick Foster, Robert Povey, Jno.
Edwards, Alex _____, Tho. Mathews, Hen. Baltamore, Fra. Cleavely, Hugh
Davis, Jno. Herbert, Eliz. Harrison, Benetta Clame (Benetha Clause), and a
negro named Nell. In 1695, these same 17 persons, along with 42 others
were used by William Randolph for another land claim.
[PB 8 pgs 1&2 as presented in Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volume II,
By Henrico County Court Order, October 1, 1691
The Estate of Fra Cleaverly late of Henrico County decd Sold at an Outcry
by order of Court dated this First of Octobr
1691, by Willm Randolph Corroner &c:
1 heifer 3 yrs old…
1 heifer 2 yrs old…
7-3/4 yds narro blew
3-1/4 yds red half thick
9 lbs Canvas, Fine
3-3/4 yds Scotch Cloath
3-3/4 yds Strip’d India Linnin
1 Canvas Sheet & abt
Due in the hands Widdow Floyd 4-1/2 lbs canvas
Henrico County Octr 1: 1691
Presented in open court by Cap Will Randolph Corronr
& also the Severall bills taken of wch List followeth
Teste H. Randolph Clr.
Gille Foucque Secy
Saml Trottman Secy
Gille Fuquett Secy
Gille Fuquett Secy
Henrico County Octr 1, 1691
The Estate of ffrancis Cleaverly late of this County decd is Dr…
by Ralph Hudspeth
By Gill ffueque
Returned to ye Secretarys office in
behalfe of the Coroner, Pursuant to an order of ye
Genll Court bareing date of ye
12th day of Fber 1694 this 11th
of october 1694.
James Cocke Clr.
[Henrico Co., Va., Book 5, Deeds and Wills, 1688-1697, Reel 5, pp.
264-65, 544; Va. State Library]
At Court Varina, Henrico County, August 1692
Gill Fueque who Maryed Jane Eyres ye Daughter of Joseph Eyres decd
did this day appear in Open Court and acknowledged receipt of his Wives
full part of her legacy left her by her Grandfather Wm. Humphreys decd
from every part and parcel thereof doth hereby acquit and discharge Margt
Floyd, Exex of ye Last Will and Testamt
of ye sd Humphreys and ca:
together with their majties: Justices of
ye Peace and their Heirs and successrs.
Ralph Hudspeth who Marryed Margaret Eyres ye Daughter of Joseph Eyres decd
did this day appear in open Court and acknowledge ye receipt of his Wives
full part of her legacy left by her Grandfather Wm
Humphreys decd from every part and parcel
thereof doth hereby acquit release and discharge Margt
Floyd Exect of ye last Will and Testament
of ye sd Humphreys and Her heirs and ca:
together with their majties Justices of
ye Peace of ye sd County their Heirs and
[Colonial Index: Henrico Co., Va., Book 4, Orphans Court Book,
1677-1736, p. 32]
On October 25, 1695, Captain William Randolph was granted 2,926 acres on
the S. side of James Riv. on a Sw. named Pigion in Weynoake Parish,
Charles City County, VA. This grant was amended in 1696 and again in 1699,
and was for the transportation of 59 headrights to the Colony of Virginia.
The first 17 persons were the same as the 17 which were used by Thomas
Cock in his 1689 claim, including Gill Ffuckett. The names were
even listed in the same order. It should be noted that Francis Cleaverley
was included, although he had died in 1691.
[PB 9 pgs 2, 71 and 220 as presented in Cavaliers and Pioneers, Volume
Although the evidence is circumstantial, there seems little doubt that the
Gill Ffuckett on these lists is the same person as the Gillo
Fuquett, Gill Fuquitt, Gill Fuquett, and Gill Fueque listed
in the documents related to the marriage of Jane Eyre.
This premise is supported by the fact that Robert Beasley and Robert Povey
(Povall), along with Gill Fuquett (also listed as Gill ffueque)
were involved in the estate sale of Francis Cleaverly. All of these men
were listed on Thomas Cock's 1689 headright list. In addition, Ralph
Hudspeth, Jane Eyre's brother-in-law participated in the estate sale.
April 1697 Probate of the Will of Thomas Cocke
I give and bequeath to my grandson James Cocke, the son of Thomas Cocke,
the land and plantation where Gill Ffuiquittt now lives on
adjoining therto on the inward or South Side of the Western branch of
Herrin Creek from the lowermost bounds on Herrin Creek to the uppermost on
the North side of Monquies Run and soe till it come to the bounds thereof
near Gilly’s path And breadth on that side of Monquies Run to
extend to the Eastward most branch of the two branches of Herrin Creek
above the mouth of Monquies Run…
[Colonial Index: Henrico Co., Va., Book 5, Deeds and Wills, 1688-1697,
August 1698 Probate of the Will of William Cocke
Gille ffueque was paid 505 pounds of tobacco in “The Estate of
Sarah Cocke, admistratrix of William Cocke, deceased.”
[Henrico Co., Va., Deeds, Wills, Etc., 1697-1704 (Original), Reel 6, p.
112; Va. State Library]