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THIS AND THAT GENEALOGY TIPS ON THE CIVIL WAR



CHRONOLOGY OF THE CIVIL WAR:

1861
November 6: Slave states call conventions to consider secession, following Abraham Lincoln's election as the first antislavery president
December 20: South Carolina is the first of seven states to secede in the next six weeks
February 4: Convention of seceded states in Montgomery, Alabama
February 8: Constitution of Confederate States of America (CSA) adopted
February 9: CSA elects Jefferson Davis provisional president
February 18: Inauguration of Jefferson Davis
March 4: Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States
April 8: U.S. fleet departs new York to resupply Fort Sumter, South Carolina
April 12: Confederates attack Fort Sumter
April 13: Fort Sumter surrenders
April 15: Lincoln calls out militia to suppress insurrection
April 17: Virginia is the first of four more slave states to secede
July 21: First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)

1862
February 6: Union capture of Fort Henry, Tennessee
February 16: Union Capture of Fort Donelson, Tennessee
February 22: Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederacy for six-year term
February 25: Nashville is first Confederate state capital to fall to Union forces
April 6-7: Battle of Shiloh
April 16: Confederates enact conscription
April 25: New Orleans falls to Union navy
June 1: Robert E. Lee takes command of the army of northern Virginia after Joseph E. Johnston is wounded in Battle of Seven Pines
June 25-July 1: Seven Days Battles drive the Union forces away from Richmond
August 29-30: Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)
September 4: Army of northern Virginia crosses Potomac river to invade Maryland
September 17: Battle of Antietam
September 22: Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
December 13: Battle of Fredericksburg

1863
January 1: Lincoln issues final Emancipation Proclamation
March 3: Union government enacts conscription
May 1-6: Battle of Chancellorsville
May 10: Stonewall Jackson dies of pneumonia following amputation of his arm at Chancellorsville
May 15: Confederate government approves Lee's plan to invade Pennsylvania
June 6: Lee's army begins to move north
June 16: First Confederate units cross the Potomac
June 25: Jeb Stuart's cavalry begins raid in rear of Union army
June 28: George G. Meade replaces Joseph Hooker as commander of the Army of the Potomac
June 30: John Buford's union cavalry enters Gettysburg
July 1, early morning: Advance units of Henry Heth's infantry division of the Army of Northern Virginia clash with Buford's cavalry
July 1, mid morning: John Reynolds' 1st corps of the Army of the Potomac arrives; stops Confederate advance; Reynolds killed
July 1, early afternoon: Confederates renew attack; Ewell's corps arrives and attacks Union 11th corps; Lee arrives on battlefield
July 1, late afternoon: Union line breaks; survivors retreat through town to Cemetery Hill; Lee gives Ewell discretionary orders to attack Cemetery Hill; Ewell does not attack
July 1, midnight: Meade arrives on battlefield; decides to stay and fight
July 2, morning: Longstreet recommends maneuver to south; Lee disagrees and orders Longstreet to attack Union left on Cemetery Ridge
July 2, 4:00 p.m. to dark: Longstreet's attack; heavy fighting in peach orchard, wheat field, Devil's Den, Little Round Top, Cemetery Ridge
July 2, dusk: Units of Ewell's corps attack Cemetery and Culp's Hills with limited success; Stuart's cavalry and George Pickett's infantry division arrive on battlefield
July 2, midnight: After counsel with subordinates, Meade decides to stay and fight
July 3, morning: Union 12th corps attacks and retakes trenches on Culp's Hill
July 3, afternoon: Cavalry Battle three miles east of Gettysburg blocks Stuart's advance toward Union rear
July 3, 1:07 p.m.: Confederate artillery barrage begins, preceding Pickett's assault
July 3, 3:00-4:00 p.m.: Attack on Union center, spearheaded by Pickett's division; repulsed, with heavy Confederate loss
July 4: Confederates begin retreat to Virginia; Vicksburg surrenders to Ulysses S. Grant's Army
July 13-16: New York City draft riots
July 14: Confederates recross Potomac to Virginia
July 18: Union assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina, spearheaded by 54th Massachusetts infantry; repulsed, with heavy loss; black soldiers praised
September 19-20: Battle of Chickamauga
November 19: Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
November 23-25: Battles of Chattanooga open Union gateway to Georgia

1864
May 5-June 18: Campaign from Wilderness to Petersburg, Virginia; siege of Petersburg begins
May 7-September 2: Sherman's Atlanta campaign, culminating in surrender of Atlanta
November 15-December 20: Sherman's march from Atlanta to the sea
November 30: Battle of Franklin
December 15-16: Battle of Nashville destroys Confederate army of Tennessee

1865
February 1-March 23: Sherman's march through the Carolinas
April 2: Fall of Richmond and Petersburg
April 9: Lee surrenders at Appomattox
April 14: Assassination of Lincoln
June 23: Last Confederate army surrenders
December 18: Thirteenth Amendment to Constitution ratified, abolishing slavery


CIVIL WAR RECORDS AT THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES IN WASHINGTON, DC:
This subject is very complex and covers a large amount of records. There are several kinds of records of interest to the genealogist and family historian. I will divide these into two basic groups; they are (1) Union Records and (2) Confederate records. Many, but certainly not all, of these records are on film. Most of the useful records are also indexed but sometimes not very well.

(I) Union Records
(A) Regular Army
(1) Registers of Enlistments
(2) Muster Rolls
(3) various returns from Posts and Regiments

(B) Records of Volunteer Union Soldiers
(1) Compiled Service Records (Military Record)
(2) Movements and histories of Volunteer Union Organizations (no genealogical info to speak of, but interesting if you would like to know what your soldier did during the war)

(C) Records that pertain to both Regular and Volunteer soldiers
(1) Pension Application Files (best for family history Information)
(2) Index to General Correspondence of the Record and Pension Office
(3) Records of the Adjutant Generalís Office

(II) Confederate Records, record pertaining to service only (pension records are held by the various states)
(A) Compiled service records (many records where lost)
(B) Records relating to Confederate and Marine Personnel
(C) Selected Records of the War Department Relating to Confederate Prisoners of War.
(D) Confederate States Army Casualties: Lists and Narrative Reports.
(E) Records of Confederate Movements and Activities

There are many more records that could be added here but few that could provide the genealogical information of the ones mentioned above. Other web pages about the Civil War :

Civil War Records: http://www.nara.gov/genealogy/civilwar.html

Confederate Pension Records: http://www.nara.gov/genealogy/confed.html

Military Service records on Microfilm: http://www.nara.gov/publications/microfilm/military/service.htm

Civil War Homepage: http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war/warweb.html

Civil War battles in each state: http://www.cr.nps.gov/abpp/battles/statlist.html

The Civil War in South Carolina: http://members.aol.com/superstore/sccd.htm

The Civil War in Georgia: http://members.aol.com/superstore/gacd.htm

Links to Other Civil War Sites: http://www.kiva.net/~bjohnson/links.html


KENTUCKY IN THE CIVIL WAR:
http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war/unit2.html - Kentucky (USA)

Kentucky In The Civil War - http://www.dsenter.com/~trice/ky/civilwar.html

KY Civil War Query Page - http://www.dsenter.com/~trice/ky/civilwar.html -

1st KY Cav. (Union) Col. Frank Wolford's Regiment "The Wild Riders" , 1861-5, busykngt@airmail.net
1st KY Cav., USA, 1861-5, dparker@kih.net (Dennis Parker), http://www.users.kih.net/~dparker/index.html
2nd KY Cav., Co. H, 1861-5, Lyon@tiac.net
2nd KY Cav., Co. M, 1864, miketaylor1@juno.com
2nd KY Vets. Cav., Co. C, 1864-5, miketaylor1@juno.com
3rd KY Cav. (US), 1861-2, brdsht@oeonline.com
4th Ky Inf., 1862-3, DougH46501@aol.com
4th KY Vets. Inf., Co. G, 1864-5, miketaylor1@juno.com
4th KY Cav., 1863-5, cmanis@SOBACK.KORNET.NM.KR
4th KY Vol. Cav. (USA), rbtc@flash.net (Bob Crouch)
5th Ky Inf (USA), stone@artsci.wustl.edu
5th KY Inf., 1861-4, sixthky@ntr.net (Joe Reinhart)
6th KY Inf. (Union), 1861-5, rmf4@cornell.edu
6th KY Inf. (US), 1861-4, sixthky@ntr.net (Joe Reinhart)
6th KY Vol. Cav., 1861-5, chesnut@kgs.mm.uky.edu
7th KY Vol. Inf., U.S., 1861-6, adamsr@nku.edu
7th KY Vol. Inf. (USA), miles@usmo.com (Margy Miles), http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Valley/6808/military.html
7th KY Inf., Co E, RDCLARK@LAINET.COM
7th KY Cav. (Union), DSTRAUSB@FORUM.COM
7th KY Cav. (USA), 1862-5, DutchR@Sprintmail.com (J. Dutch Revenboer), http://members.tripod.com/~DutchR/7cav/index.html
8th KY (US), mercury@pop.uky.edu
8th KY Inf. (USA), Co. A & E, 1861-4, spiff@atlantic.net, (JohnCarter)
8th KY Inf., Co. G/C, 1861-4, miketaylor1@juno.com
9th KY Vol. Inf. Regt, wcross@okway.okstate.edu
9th KY Vol. Inf., U.S.A., michaelg@email.uah.edu, (GeoffreyB.Michael)
9th KY Vol. Cav., Co. H, jadmire@myfamily.org (JIM Admire)
9th KY Cav. Cos. I, K, L, M, abaker@searnet.com (Anne Baker), http://w3.one.net/~durp/CivilWar/Union.htm
10th KY Inf., 1861-4, sixthky@ntr.net (Joe Reinhart)
10th KY Mounted Inf., 1863-5, cmanis@SOBACK.KORNET.NM.KR
11th KY Vol. Inf. Regt, wcross@okway.okstate.edu
11th KY (US), mercury@pop.uky.edu
11th KY Cav. (USA), 1862-5, jaj23@Juno.com (Jerry Johnson)
12th KY Inf. USA, 1861-5, jlhale@zoomnet.net (Joe Hale)
12th KY Vol. Inf. (USA), miles@usmo.com, (Margy Miles) http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Valley/6808/military.html
12th KY Vol. Inf. (US), 1861-5, jsewell@edm.net (Jim Sewell), http://www.edm.net/~Pjsewell/12th.htm
12th KY Inf., Co A, RDCLARK@LAINET.COM
13th KY Inf., Gene_Perkins@compuserve.com, http://www.flash.net/~geneperk/13thKyInf.html
13th KY Inf. Regt (USA), gene_perkins@juno.com, http://www.flash.net/~geneperk/13thKyInf.html
13th KY Cav. (USA), karen@rand.org
13th KY Cav. (USA), kncundiff@aol.com
14th KY Inf. USA, 1861-5, jlhale@zoomnet.net (Joe Hale)
14th KY, USA, wildcat89@hotmail.com, (Marlitta H. Perkins) http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/Quarters/1365
14th KY Vol. Cav., 1862-4, chesnut@kgs.mm.uky.edu
14th KY Cav., Co. B, PSBF51A@prodigy.com
15th KY Vol. Inf. US, hearman@iglou.com
16th KY Inf., 1861-5, jvaughn@tusk.gc.edu
17th KY Vol. Inf. (U.S), 1861-5, shelbyhiggs@kvnet.org
18th Inf., KY Volunteers, 1862-5 , dennis.heltemes@newways.com
19th KY Inf., karen@rand.org
19th KY Inf. (USA), 1861-5, jamesw@uky.campuscw.net (James Wilson)
20th KY Vol. Inf., USA, reb4life@tennessee-scv.org [AllenSullivant]
20th Reg. KY Cav., Co. D, stumpf@merle.acns.nwu.edu
21st KY Vol. Inf., 1861-5, rbblack@e4e.oac.uci.edu
21st Regt. KY Inf., Co. F, 1864-5, rtipton@halcyon.com
22nd KY Inf. USA, 1861-5, jlhale@zoomnet.net (Joe Hale)
23rd KY Inf. (US), 1861-5, gwjchris@rust.net
23rd KY Inf., 1861-4, sixthky@ntr.net (Joe Reinhart)
23rd Reg't KY Inf. (US), Co. C 1861-5, hardwic2@ix.netcom.com
24th KY Inf., 1861-5, LEOMILNER@aol.com
24th KY Inf., Co. H, 1861-2, RDCLARK@LAINET.COM
24th KY Inf., Co. H, 1861-5, miketaylor1@juno.com
24th KY Inf., Co. H, 1863, L.FINK1@GENIE.GEIS.COM
26th KY Inf., Co. E, 1863-5, kbyrd@topaz.iupui.edu (Kenneth Byrd)
27th KY Vol. Inf. Regt, wcross@okway.okstate.edu
30th KY Mounted Inf., 1864-5, chadcaig@charlotte.infi.net
37th KY Mounted Inf. Regt., wcross@okway.okstate.edu
39th KY (Union), burtonj@mg.sdstate.edu
39th KY Inf., brianhall@sprintmail.com, http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/8629
47th KY Inf. Co. D, 1863-4, miketaylor1@juno.com
48th KY Inf., Co. D, 1862-3, kbyrd@topaz.iupui.edu (Kenneth Byrd)
53rd KY Mounted Inf., Co F, 1865, jgardner@ukcc.uky.edu, (JosephGardner)
100th KY Reg. U.S.C.T., madriece@nexxus.novasys.com, (U.S. Colored Troops) Co. F
Civil War in SE KY, hollyft@bright.net (Holly Timm), http://www.rootsweb.com/~seky/civilwar/homefire/index.html
Mercer Co. KY CW Units, http://w3.one.net/~durp/CivilWar/


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