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HORNBECK IN HOLLAND







Earliest records of the Hornbeck family in the Netherlands indicate that in 1266 and 1274 members of the van Horenbeeck family were living in Hertogenbosch, capitol of the Province of North Brabant, Holland.

Sebastiaan van Horenbeeck served as magistrate for Hertogenbosch in 1266. This office was held by Boudewijn "Baldwin" van Horenbeeck in 1274 and in 1462 by Gijsbert Garartssonne van Hoirenbeecke.

Research done by the Archivist at Arnhem was done in September 1958 on the surname Hornbeck. Apparently there are two branches of the Hoornbeek family in Holland, one originating from 's-Hertogenbosch, the other one originating from Haarlem. The Hoornbeek family from 's-Hertogenbosch which is the capital of the province of Noord, Brabant, one of the two Catholic provinces of the Netherlands, it can be taken for granted that they are Catholic and as in the 17th century, the emigrating part of the Dutch was almost entirely Protestant. The Archivist states that it is more probable that the ancestors of our Warnaar Hornbeck did not belong to this family unless he was Catholic. The family arms of both branches were each their own family arms.

It is believed that the van Horenbeecks of other parts of Holland and of Flanders descend from the early family of Hertogentbosck. A partial genealogy of the early van HORENBEECK family of this area is as follows:

1. Thomas van HORENBEECK (1460-1541), son of Jan van HORENBEECK (1430-1511) had issue:

i. Cornelius van HORENBEECK who married Hillegonda Loenman of Reeck. He died 1570. Issue:
1. Henricksken HOORENBEKE, who married Henrick Willems van Ravensteyn.
2. Aert van HOORENBEKE ( -1603), who married first Henric's (daughter of van Schuercop of the Hoge Steenweg) and second Aleidis Wolfs, daughter of Jan de Wolf and Elizabeth Moins. He had two children by his first wife and three by the second wife who died Sep 18, 1619:

i - Jan Aertse van HOORENBEKE, who married Catrina, daughter of Henriks tot Helmont, (daerna met Lucia Pottay).

ii - Henrick van HOORENBEKE, a lawyer who married Elisabeth van Vechel, daughter of Dirk van Vochol. Issue:
1. Jan van HOORENBEKE, a lawyer.
2. Cornelis van HOORENBEKE (* see below).

iii - Cornelis van HOORENBEKE, who married Femke van Zwol (Euphemina van Swoll). He built a castle on the outskirts of Hertogenbosch. He died Aug 6, 1617 and she died Feb 5, 1618.

iv - Aert van HOORENBEKE, who married Josijn van Brocchoven. Issue: 1. Catelyn van HOORENBEKE, who married Simon van Breugel.

v - Gerard van HORENBEKE, who married Josina Beck, daughter of Jacobs and Catharina van de Water, who died 1611. The arms listed for him are described as: Arms quartered with Beck - shield with ten stripes of silver and ten stripes of blue, with a golden crest, the shield blazoned with three red powder horns.

vi - Joanna van HORENBEKE, who married Rogier van Broechoven. She died in 1692 and he died Feb 13, 1659.

vii - Marten van HORENBEKE, who married Agnes Moeljaert van Bommel. Issue:
1. Mechtelt van HOORENBEKE, who married Jacob van Kessel.
2. Adriana van HOORENBEKE, who married Joan Baptiste Donckers.
3. Adrianus, who married Joannes Bapt.

*Cornelis van HOORENBEKE, married Catharina van Lamsweerde. He died Jul 9, 1648. Issue:
1. Alexander van HOORENBEKE.

2. Dominicus Frederic Joseph van HOORENBEKE, who married Agnes van Oldenzeel, widow of Willem van Turnhout.

3. Theodoricus van HOORENBEKE.

4. Maria Hendrina van HOORENBEKE.

5. Henrick Hiacyntus van HOORENBEKE, who married Allegonda Tielens, and had issue:
i - Cornelis van HOORENBEKE, who married first Johanna van Turnhout and second Gijsberta van Beugen, daughter of Arnouts van Beugen and Everdina van Leersum. She died Aug 1728.

6. Alegonda Josepha van HOORENBEKE.

7. Anna Catharina van HOORENBEKE.

8. Maria Elizabeth van HOORENBEKE.

The early history of Holland is a story of trouble and of war, but it is also a story of a people determined to rule their own destiny. In religion they learned heavily towards Protestantism. Holland became a haven for refugees from other nations who were suffering persecution because of their religious beliefs.

However, in the year 1515, Charles V, King of Spain, was sovereign of the Netherlands and in 1522 the country suffered an inquisition. In 1543 he expressed his hostile attitude toward the church reformation by promulgating a new and sharper policy against those who had broken with the Church of Rome. The prosperous and progressive South Netherlands especially suffered from the persecutions.

In the year 1544, a large number of families from Flanders and many French Protestant families fled from the country and settled in the western states of Germany where the Imperial power of Charles the Fifth was only indirectly felt. In 1545 laws against the immigrations made the situation worse. Still many thousands of South Netherland families gave up homes and properties in order to escape into Northern Netherlands, namely to the provinces of Holland and Zeeland. From there many of them were able to cross into England where Henry VIII; and after 1545 his son and successor, Edward VI, protected the Protestants. Many families from Flanders lived in London, where a Cloister Church was given to them. This was the Dutch Church of Austin Friars which is still in existence. Many other families remained in the Northern Netherlands, where they found life easier.

About 1548, a Johannes Hoornbeek family of Haarlem fled from Flanders (Belgium) "for the sake of religion" and settled in the city of Haarlem in Holland. At that time, there was a very prosperous community of Flemish cloth and linen weavers located in Haarlem. Johannes had a son Tobias who was a merchant and married Jacqueline Baert. Out of this marriage a son was born Nov 4, 1617 in Haarlem, named Johannes who studied theology at the University of Belden? and who became a professor at the University. Johannes married Anna Bernard from Amsterdam. They had two sons the elder was Isaac famous lawyer in The Hague, thereafter governor of Rotterdam, born at Eiden in 1655 or 1656 and died in 1727 at The Hague. The other son was not mentioned according to the Archivist.

The Johannes HOORNBEECK of Flanders who settled in Haarlem, Holland in 1548 apparently had children and grandchildren who also lived in Haarlem. It is very likely that some of this family left Haarlem during its capture by the Spanish and returned after the situation had improved.

This Johannes had a son Tobias who married Jacqueline Baert. A grandson, David, was a book printer at Haarlem. Tobias was the father of two sons, Gilles and Johannes. This latter Johannes was born Nov 4, 1617 at Haarlem where he studied until he was sixteen, when he went to Leyden. He later studied at Utrecht and in 1632 was admitted as minister, going secretly to Cologne to perform his work. He returned to Holland in 1643 and was made Doctor of Divinity. In 1644 he was chosen to fill the chair of divinity professor at Utrecht. His banns for marriage were published in Utrecht in Apr 1650 and the marriage took place in May of 1650. His wife was Anna Bernart, and while the couple were at Utrecht, two children were baptized:
1. Joannes, bapt. Buurkerk on Aug. 1, 1651.
2. Anna, bapt. Geertekerk on July 31, 1653.

He was not only professor at Utrecht but also filled the position of minister in ordinary of the church of that city. He was a very active pastor, who visited members of the church and also gave special help to students in divinity. He was chosen to exercise the same employments at Leyden and moved to that area in 1654, where the following children were born:
3. Isaack, bapt. Hooglandsekerk on Dec. 9, 1655.
4. Hendrick Emilius, bapt. Hooglandsekerk on Dec. 30, 1657.
5. Johannes, bapt. Pieterskerk Nov. 14, 1659.
6. Johannes, bapt. Pieterskerk on April 11, 1664.

A portrait of Leyden Theology Professor Doctor Johannes Hoornbeeck, son of Tobias of Harlaam, done in 1645 by Frans Hals is found in the Brussels Museum (classical section). Brussels, half-Dutch and half-French, is full of Hornbeecks of many spellings and some "van Hornbeecks"s, but almost all are found south of Amsterdam (none there when last checked). Below is a copy of the picture of Johannes Hoornbeek (Nov 4, 1617-Aug 23, 1666) whom the artist calls a prominent scholar and minister with the Dutch Reformed Church, a noted Author and Professor at Leyden University and a native of Holland.


Johannes widow and some of her children left Leyden in 1678 and moved to Harderwijk. The couple, Johannes and Anna (Bernaart) HOORNBEECK, made their last will before notary Willem van Vredenburch on May 2, 1659, but the names of their children were not mentioned in it. Two of the children are mentioned in History books. Isaack HOORNBEECK, who climbed to the highest executive office in the Dutch Republic of Holland, and Hendrick Emilius HOORNBEECK, chief of the tax office of Holland.

The University of Utrecht had other ministers who were emmatriculated at the University that carried the HORNBECK (HOORNBEECK) name:

1656 Rectore Andrea Essenio mense Februario: Joh. HOORNBEECK Medioburgo - Zelandus

1662 Rectore Henrico Regio: Nicholaus HOORNBEECK, Zelandus, i Martii

1647 Rectore Carolo de Maets: Isaacus HOORNBEKIUS Middelburgo - Zeland

1650 Rectore Johanne HOORNBEECK: Petrus HOORNBEECK, Mediob - Zeland

1653 Rectore Antonio Matthaeo: Daniel HOORNBEEK, Medioburgo Seelandus

1724 Rectore Everardo Ottone: Johan van HOORNBEEK, Groninganus

1733 Rectore Hieronymus van Alphen: Heracles van HOORNBEEK, Amstelodamensis

In 1568, the city of Haarlem, Holland was besieged, then captured and cruelly devastated by the Spanish troops. At this time there were members of the HOORNBEECK family who were members of the Dutch Church of Austin Friars in London, England, and of its intimate sister church at Embden in East Friesland. Records have been found at the latter church that indicate a Pieter HOORNBEECK lived there from 1568 until about 1576. He was also present at the General Synod of the Reformed Church at Wesel in 1568.

The HORNBECK name appears in other areas of Holland. The city of Gronigen, near Embden, had a merchant named Jacobus HOORNBEECK in 1654 who was interested in "The Northern Company", which had trading ships navigating to Spitzbergen, Greenland and to the Polar regions.

In 1648, at the time of the peace of Muster or "Westphalian Peace", branches of the HOORNBEECK family were living in Holland, Brabant and Gronigen. They were all Protestants. The Holland branch was most numerous at Haarlemand, the Hague; the Brabant branch in Bergen-op-Soom and 's Hertogenbasch, the Gronigen branch in the city of Gronigen.

Specific reference has found on the following families: Johannes VAN HOORNBEECK, a lawyer at 's Hertogenbasch in 1647. Joost (son of Frans) had a widow and children living at Hague in 1650.

Dr. Cornelis VAN HOORNBEECK and his wife, Johanna Toussaint had the following children baptized in the Dutch Reformed Church at Bergen-op-Zoom:

1. Maria, bapt. April 12, 1632.
2. Pieter Balthazar, bapt. Nov. 22, 1633.
3. Abraham, bapt. June 8, 1635.
4. Cornelis, bapt. June 22, 1639.

In the same city, Abraham van HORENBEECK and his wife Anna Tureq had a daughter:
1. Maria, bapt. Dec. 30, 1640.

At Utrecht a couple, by the name of Baltus VAN HOORNBEECK and Geurtje Geurts had the following children:
1. Elysabeth, bapt. Domkerk (Domchurch), Utrecht, Dec. 20, 1644.
2. Parijntje, bapt. Jacobikerk, Utrecht May 23, 1649 (The mother was listed as Lysbeth Guertie on this baptismal record.)

There are records of a Van HOORNBEECK family who were ministers and teachers in Middleburg, Holland.

Isaac Van HOORNBEECK, minister, was born March 1587 who fathered two sons: Isaac Junior born 1629 who was rector of the Latin School at Middleburg and who married his niece Anna Van HOORNBEECK. The second son was Daniel who was a minister at Veere Abbey, Middleburg in 1702.

A Jacob HOORNBEECK lived in Leyden and married Maertjen Arens. They had two children:
1. Jacob bapt. Jan.23, 1630
2. (female) bapt. Feb.20, 1622

The Centraal Bureau provided information on a Tobias van Hoornbeeck of Haarlem and his family:
I. Jan van Hoerebecke, from Zele (Flanders), married to Maycken van Hulst (also known as Maycken Verhulst). Issue:

II. Tobias van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 27 Mar 1588, married 1st in Haarlem 15 Apr 1614 to Maria Herculesdr Schatter, from Haarlem; married 2nd in Haarlem 6 Sep 1616 to Janneke Baertsdr, from Wesel (Germany). Issue by second marriage:

1. Johannes van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 2 Nov 1617 m Anna Bernart.
2. Susanna van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 22 Mar 1620.
3. Gillis van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 31 Aug 1622, died young.
4. Maria van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 19 Jan 1625.
5. Gillis van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 5 May 1627 married Maria Wija.
6. Janneke van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 13 Sep 1629.
7. Elisabeth van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 27 Jan 1632.
8. Tobias van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 14 May 1634.
9. Isaack van Horenbeeck, baptized in Haarlem 8 Jan 1637.

A Hornbeck widow with two children living in the Hague about 1650 was the widow of Joost van Hoornbeeck. The mystery of this Joost, who was a son of Fransz Hoornbeeck, is somewhat baffling. This line seems to be: First - Fransz; Second - Fransz's son Joost; Third - Joost's son Hendrick; and Fourth - Hendrick's son Joost. The first Joost in the line, a widower before 1607 and married in that year to Margaret Sonderdanck, cannot have been the following Joost who married Sarah Warnaarts and the father of our Warnaar.

Joos van Hoornbeecke, born in Gent (Flanders) about 1604, married in Sloterdijk (nowadays municipality of Amsterdam) (banns published in Amsterdam 21 Jan 1635 to Sara Warnaar(t)sdr "From Stolck", born approx. 1617, daughter of Warnaar ---, death date unknown, but still alive in 1635 and probably living in Amsterdam, Warnartsz, Stoll

In a 1992 letter from Centraal Bureau Voor Genealogie, The Hague, N. Plomp, Deputy Manager states that he has come to the conviction that Joos van Hoornbeecke and Sara Warnaar(t)sdr, were Warnaar Hornbeck's parents. He said that he takes this for granted due to the patronymical name of his wife and that they called one of his sons Warnaar (a rare Christian name) after his father-in-law (according to the custom of the time). Research indicates that Joost was a Solicitor or factor, lived 1635 Wijdesteeg, 1636 Moddermolensteeg, 1646 Bloemgracht Amersterdam. He was buried at Amsterdam Westerchurch Nov 21, 1646.

Issue so far as known at the moment:

1. Francois van Hoornbeecke, baptized in Amsterdam 16 Dec. 1635.
2. Jacob van Hoornbeecke, baptized in Amsterdam 25 Jan 1637.

The family may have left (for New Amsterdam?) sometime before Warnaar was born as a baptism record for Warnaar was not found.

The Frans Van Hoornbeeck (who could be Joost's father) also had a daughter named Aemelberch Van Hoornbeeck who married Lodewijck Van den Berch, a druggist. They had two daughters: (1) Rebecka Van den Berch; (2) Rachel Van den Berch.

Sources:
WARNAAR HORNBECK DESCENDANTS by Hilda Sayre and Duffy Hornbeck
HORNBECK HUNTING (THE BOOK) AND DESCENDANTS OF WARNAAR HORNBECK BORN C1645 by Shirley Hornbeck
Research in Holland as stated above.