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HORNBECK MILITARY SERVICE







Some members of the family moved south into New Jersey, while others migrated westward into Pennsylvania at an early date. Since the wilderness area was often without benefit of clergy, they often returned to Kingston or other settlements to have their children baptized or to be married. The Dutch were not content with English rule and more members of the family went farther south into the Carolinas, where a John Hornbeck purchased land in 1755. A Jno. Hornbeck received land in Tennessee for services during the Revolution. Some of those in Pennsylvania did not remain due to the Quaker government's policy of not providing adequate defense against Indian attack.

Members of the families of Johannes and Jacobus, sons of Warnaar, moved into Virginia which was at that time a vast territory which is now all of Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin and parts of Pennsylvania and Minnesota. They had moved into the area in what is now West Virginia, along the South Branch of the Potomac, now Hampshire and Hardy Counties.

The South Branch of the Potomac was in West Augusta County, Virginia between 1743 and 1783, as the county boundaries changed through the years. The physical features of West Virginia made it more accessible from Pennsylvania than from the eastern part of Virginia, which was settled at an earlier date. The Appalachian mountains were a natural fortification and the first man to be in the area of the South Branch, other than the Indian, was John Van Meter in 1725. In 1730 his sons, John and Isaac, were granted with 40,000 acres of land in the area, with 20,000 going to the younger John, which lay in the fork between the Shenandoah and the Potomac. The Van Meter family drew twenty families from the Hudson to settle on this new grant. They were followed closely by other settlers from the Hudson (New York), and among them were members of the Hornbeck family.

The whole area was a part of the vast Fairfax holdings at that time. Some of the best lands were laid out in large manors and these were subdivided into tracts ranging from 9 to 625 acres, with landholders paying a lump sum, plus a "quit-rent" that went on indefinitely, rather like paying rent.

By the summer of 1747 homesteads extended for sixty miles along the South Branch, with Germans, Scotch-Irish and English making up most of the population. When the lands were surveyed by George Washington in 1747 he made mention of the "Low Germans" (Dutch), "High Germans" and English and also noted that many still spoke the Dutch language.

Specific mention of members of the Hornbeck family can be found in early court records of Augusta County, Virginia. Joel Hornback was paid at the settlement of the estate of James Coburn in 1749. He was added to the list of tithables in 1750 and in 1751 was one of the appraisers of the estate of Alexander Scot. In 1752 he was one of the appraisers of the estate of Geo. Sea. He was paid at the settlement of the estate of Daniel Richardson in 1760, and was called to testify in the court case dated October 1765 involving John Hopes (Hapes) vs Daniel Harrison. He was on the list of tithables again that year.

These same records also mention the fact that Daniel Hornbeck was serving on a coroners jury relating to the death of Samuel Decker, son of Garrett Decker, who received his death by accident with a penknife. The case was dated April 15, 1749. Daniel also purchased an item at the estate sale of George Caplinger in August of 1773.

Other members in the area included Simon and James, who purchased items at the sale of the estate of Michael Stump, Dec 3, 1757. And then in March of 1770, Michael and Anthony were paid at the settlement of the estate of John Colley.

Samuel and Daniel Hornbeck appear on an original Fairfax quit-rent list dated 1801 which is in the possession of the Charleston, WV Department of Archives and History, Charleston, WV.

The deed book for Moorefield, first town in what is now Hardy County, West Virginia, lists Simon Hornbeck and wife, James Hornbeck and wife, Michael and wife, Samuel and wife, James and Abraham.

In 1757 Jonathan and Abraham made their will, but neither can be located, although the bond was found. The wills were dated Dec 14, 1757 and that of Jonathan had Samuel and David Hornbeck as witnesses.

The earliest record of military service was that of Warnaar, when he was standing watch, as stated in the court action of 1665. He had also served with the Ulster County militia at Hurley in 1670. Members of the family have continued the tradition of service and the constant Indian wars and then the Revolution provide record of this fact.

Johannis Hoornbeek served on an expedition to Canada in 1711 and is listed as a volunteer for that service. In 1715 Ensign Lodewyck H., Johannes, Cornelius, and Tobias were in the Ulster County, NY "Foot Company of Militia". Ensign Lodewyck had service again in 1717. Capt. Cornelius served in 1738. "Serja" Johannis, Dirck, Jacobus, Benjamin, Tobias, Lt. Col. Johannis and Johannis H. served in 1758.

When the news of the uprising in New England in the early spring of 1775, and the battle of Lexington, reached the people of Ulster County, the residents took immediate action. Ulster County furnished three regiments for the Continental Army. They adopted Articles of Association in April of 1775 which was approved by members of the Provincial Congress.

Jacob Hornbeck was among the four to sign from Ulster County. Among the residents of Ulster County to sign, there were: (Rochester, June 9, 1775)
Benjamin HOORNBECK
Warren HOORNBECK
Joel HOORNBECK
C. HOORNBECK
Isaac HOORNBECK
Samuel HOORNBECK
Hendricus HOORNBECK
Eliza HOORNBECK
Jacob D. HOORNBECK
Johannes HOORNBECK
Philip HOORNBECK
Dick HOORNBECK
Henry HOORNBECK, Jr.
Gideon HOORNBECK
Lodewyck HOORNBECK
Cornnelius HOORNBECK
Lawrence HOORNBECK
Jacob (of Kingston)

Jacob Hornbeck received his commission for Lt. Colonel on Oct 25, 1775. He served in Pawlings Regiment and was Chairman of the Rochester Committee of Safety and also was Deputy to the First Provincial Congress. He died of camp fever, following a long illness, on Jan 10, 1778.

The following served in the Ulster County Militia, Third Regiment:
Lt. Col. Jacob HOORNBECK
Jacob HOORNBEEK, Jr.
Philip HOORNBEEK
Jacob D. HOORNBEEK, Quarter Master
Joel HOORNBEEK
Lt. Dirrick Westbroek
Johannes HOORNBEEK
Ensign Jacob D. HORNBECK
Lowerens HOORNBEEK
Gideon HOORNBEEK
Philip HOORNBEEK
Cornelius HOORNBEEK
Samuel HOORNBEEK
Petrus HOORNBEEK
Warner HOORNBEEK
Benjamin HOORNBEEK, Jr.
Henry HOORNBEEK
Isaac HOORNBEEK
Cornelius HORNBEEK, Jr.
Samuel HOORNBEEK

Of the 3rd Regiment, Benjamin H., Jr., Jacob and Cornelius received Land Bounty rights. Bengeman Hornbacke, rank not stated, served in Levi Pawling's Regiment, as his name appeared on an undated list of "the milichi entered 17th of May 1779, Androes Bevoer, Capt." Benjamin HORNBECK, private, Capt. Jonathan Piercy's Company, Col. Albert Pawling's Regiment of New York Militia received a certificate in the sum of f20 S5 D4 for his services in 1781. Benja Hornbeck (name also found as Benjamin Hornbeeck and Benja Hoornbeek, rank not stated, Col. Weissenfell's Reg., NY Levies, received a certificate in the sum of f4 S4 for service in the years 1781 and 1782. Benjamin Hooenbeck, Jr. (name also borne as Benjamin Hornbeck, Jr., Benjamin Hoornbeeck, Jr., and Benjamin Hoornbeeck) was in Col. Cantine's Reg., New York Militia, in Lt. Daniel Frare's Co., Capt. Johannis Hardenbergh's Co., and Capt. John Hasbrouck's Co. of that regiment, but exact dates are not shown.

The Ulster County Militia, fourth Regiment, listed Capt. Jacob Hoornbeek, Ensign Phillip and Ephraim. The Albany Company of Militia listed Daniel Hornback. The Line, 5th Reg. included Henry Hornbeck. Westchester Company of Militia, Henry Hornbeck. The Levies, (Weissenfels), Capt. Jno. Hornbeck.

While those of the Hornbeck family in New York were occupied with the trials of the Revolution and Indian battles, their cousins on the Virginia frontier were similarly engaged. Those having nonmilitary Revolution service included: James, Mary, Michael, Capt. Samuel Hornbeck, Isaac and Thomas, all of the South Branch of the Potomac area. Others had actual military service and were: James, John, Michael and Benjamin, on the 1775 Harness payroll; James on the Ashby payroll 1775; Abram on the Parsons payroll 1775; Abram on the Vause payroll 1775.

Among the troops in the French and Indian War was Joel Hornbeck who served under Capt. Henry Woodward. The roll for this service on Sept 21, 1757 indicates that Joel was born in New York, was 56 years of age, 5 feet 5-1/2 inches tall, and was a planter from Chester County with Virginia service. He returned to New York to draw his pension.

In addition to the Captain Samuel Hornbeck who served on the South Branch, he had under him a second Samuel Hornbeck, private, who stated in his pension records that he had married Susan Coffman, and had served under Capt. Samuel Hornbeck.

Benjamin Hornbeck (1754-1827) served in the Monongalia County Militia under Capt. Trebough in 1781. He also served with Capt. John Harris' roll of Rangers, during "Dunmore's War" and received pay for 30 days, f2 S5. He received a grant of 25 acres for his military service in 1809 from Gov. John Tyler of Virginia. Others received land grants in Kentucky for their Virginia service and rapidly left the area.

Those having Revolutionary War Pension Applications that we know of are:
Matthew R5231 NY line, appl Jun 1, 1837 Sullivan Co., NY age 75, on 2 Apr 1863 at Monticello in Sullivan Co., NY. His widow was Elizabeth and other heirs were mentioned but not named. Another record was found for Peter S15179 NY Line born 16 Mar 1760 at Rochester, Ulster Co., NY which became Neversink in Sullivan Co., NY. He applied there Jan 29, 1834 age 73.

Abraham NY S31755
Jacob D. NY wife Maria W18044
Abraham VA wife Hannah W10120
Matthew NY R5231
Peter NY S15179
Samuel NY S10872
Samuel VA m. Susan Coffman W8950
Jacob O. W18044

Those listed with the Daughters of the American Revolution that we know of are:
Abraham 1758-1834 m. Hannah Cleaver Pvt PA
Abraham 1761-1833 m. Eliza Trumbo VA - m. Betsy Mappen Bracken
Benjamin 1739-1792 m. Rebecca Wells Pvt. NY
Benjamin 1754-1827 m. (---) Vanscoy Sgt. VA - m. Lydia Currence
Elisha 1735-1790 m. Catrine Hardenburg PS CS NY
Isaac 1751-1805 m. Ariantje Low Pvt. NY
Jacob 1753-1796 m. Sara van Waggenen Capt. NY
Johannes 1739-1811 m. Maria Vernoy Pvt. NY
Michael 1745- Pvt. VA
Phillip 1747-1817 Lt. NY

In addition to those already mentioned, there is a record of Littleberry Hornbeck who served with the Virginia Navy, and Anthony who was on the Claypool payroll, Hardy County, VA.

Among the Hornbecks to be mentioned in military service, Ulster County, NY since the Revolution (1786-1822):
Cornelius P., Ensign, promoted to Capt.
Johannis H., Jr., Captain 1803
Lodewyck H., Jr., Adjutant 1804
Henry J. H., Surgeon 1809
Daniel, Ensign 1813, Lt. 1814
Jacob E., Ensign 1814
Cornelius J., Quartermaster 1817
Jacob E., Lt.
Henry C., Ensign
Lawrence H., Jr. Ensign 1818, Lt. 1820 Capt. 1822

Orange County, NY:
Joshua, Surgeons Mate 1817, Surgeon 1818

Sullivan County, NY:
John H., Capt.

130 Reg. Inf. 1821
Nathan H., Paymaster

Civil War Pension Applications for HORNBECK:
Aaron J. and Catherine - M & NJ - 1292300 - 1630386
Abraham and Thomizen - IND - 902562
Alexander - 583110
Alexander, Jr - SC - 76468
Alexander Smith - OH - 813837
Benjamin and Agnes - NJ - 339261
Benjamin - WV - 1063546 - 651857
Benjamin C. and Mary - WV - 858415 - 957396
Beake W. and Mary E. - MIC - 456859
Clares H. - OH - 174397 - 699616
Clemont T. and Dolly A. - OH - 519387 - 519386
Cornelius B. and Jane (mother) - 173423 - KAN - 388660
Curtis and Sarah - ILL - 236453
Cyrus A. and Mary - WIS - 784948 - 710849
Ephriam and May E. - ILL - 499500
Eugene H. - NY - 1586682
Francis M. - ILL - 443233
Fred - UT - 57073
George W. - PA - 731795
George W. - NJ - 692045
Harry - NY - 1666608
Henry J. and Leanna - PA - 1184549 - 891708
Isaac and Lori - IND - 620684
Isaac and Sarah - WV - 547350 - 134045
Jackson - Texas - 593325 - 1106171
Jacob - NY - 301421
Jacob and Sophia - NY - 65987 - 154867
James - IND - 158345
James G. - NJ - 724304
Jasper - IND - 675351
Jeptha & Clara - OH - 1180780 - 256334 - 616018
Jesse B. and Glisa - KAN - 1035148 - 705137
Johannes D. & Rachel - NY - 302167
(F. Matthew) - 546207
John and Ella - NY - 140406 - 1189463
John and Frederika - NY - 1176553 - 1213486
John - NY - 479005
John A. and Emma - IND - 644754 - 1148475
John F. and Missouri A. - MO - 1022487 - 1135377
John G. and Miriam - NY - 1116592 - 823716
John and Cordelia - OH - 80178 - 125473
Joseph - IND - 1085841
Joseph - MAS - 1029294
Joshua & Sarah - TEN - 188483
Judd D. and Annis - IOW - 1193458
Marion and Elizabeth - MO - 418342
Mathew & Sarah (mother) - NY - 161491
Michael & Sarah - MO - 121138 - 234766
Molton E. and Mary - PA - 1210459 - 890265
Morgan V. - WIS - 387136
Napoleon & Plantinea - NY - 945309 - 1065159
Newton J. - ILL - 881762
Norton - NY - 318263
Norton and Hannah - OH - 344456 - 807017 - 1005848
Peter and Margaret - NY - 748315 - 621492
Peter L. and Sarah - IND - 245804 - 801016
Preston - OH - 745722
Preston - ARK - 1034310
Samuel and Mary - MO - 471224
Samuel and America L. - KY - 45235
Sam'l(?) J. and Sylvia - NJ-NY - 855596 - 579671 - 772276
Simon - ILL-KAN - 821454
Simpson & Martha - ILL - 190384
Soren - WIS - 1378478
Stephen B. & Mary (mother) - KY - 251715
Theodore and Mary - RI - 164808
Theodore and Lydia - NC-SC - 74759
Thomas - IND-OH - 855110
Washington S. - NY - 581179
William and Surilda - IND - 344459
William - MO - 601323 - 1205061
William - IND-KY - 779382
William and Frances - WV - 783902 - 1018979

HOORNBEEK:
Josephine - NY - 697190 - 726583
John S. and Mary - NY - 173021 - 329356
John A. and Fannie - PA - 431052

The following were pensioned for their service in the War of 1812:

HORNBECK:
Abraham - KY
Andrew - NY
Elizer - NY
John - PA
John - KY (Capt.)
John - KY (Maj.)
Solomon, Jr. - KY
William - NY

HOORNBEEK:
David - NY
Eleazer - NY