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Source: History of Boone County, Indiana, by Hon. L.M. Crist, 1914.

JAMES M. SMALL Profit is the greatest incentive to production and compulsory
education that the world has ever known. The farmer is human. He works for money and
he will intensify and diversify whenever it pays him to do so, and no amount of well-
written formulas or monstrous exhibits will permanently influence him quite so much as
a dollar at the end of the row. Not a theoretical dollar, but one that he can put into his
pocket--a dollar that comes as the result of a sale. The weakness of many plans that have
been commissioned and thrust upon the farmer is that the factor of profit has not been
duly considered. The farmer is also misunderstood. One of the progressive tillers of the
soil of Center township, Boone county, is James M. Small, who has had sufficient
intelligence to accept such modern methods of husbandry as specially applied to local
conditions and to reject those that were not, and as a result he has had comfortable
income from year to year as a result of his labors.

Mr. Small was born July 11, 1850, in Nicholas county, Kentucky. He is a son of William
H. and Matilda (Garner) Small, both also natives of Kentucky, the father's birth occurring
on July 31, 1818, and the mother was born January 21, 1821. There they grew to maturity
and were married, and spent their lives engaged in general farming. The death of the
father occurred November 13, 1901, and the mother passed away in 1910. They were the
parents of ten children, six of whom are living, namely: Mary E., and Joseph W. are both
deceased; Richard R. is living; James M., of this review; John W., George N., and Martha
J. are all living; Sarah A. and Francis M. are both deceased; Emma A. is the youngest

James M. Small was young when he left Kentucky. He received a common school
education and when a young man learned the carpenter's trade, in which he became quite
proficient. He had an ambition to teach school when a boy and applied for a school, but
was defeated by one vote, and he never again made an attempt to engage in this
profession but took up farming in Boone county and this has continued his principal life
work to the present time. He is now owner of one hundred and ninety-seven acres in his
home place in Center township, also owns thirty acres just north of here. All his land is
well improved, well tiled and all tillable and is productive. He built his own home, which
is a substantial and pleasant one, also made other important improvements in the way of
outbuildings, fences, etc. He keeps an excellent grade of live stock and is one of the best
farmers in the township, according to his neighbors and those who have occasion to know
of his methods. He handles Shorthorn cattle and draft horses.

Mr. Small was married twice, first, to Malancia Alexander, March 16, 1879; she was
born in Boone county on September 4, 1860. She is a daughter of Andrew and Emiline
(Bennett) Alexander. By this union two children were born, namely: Eva F., born July 8,
1882, married Tom Watterman, and Reyburn P. is deceased. The wife and mother was
called to her eternal rest on June 6, 1886. On April 8, 1889, Mr. Small married Laura E.
Stewart, who was born in Johnson county, Indiana, April 17, 1855; she is a daughter of
Robert and Hulda (Clark) Johnson. Mrs. Small received a good education in the common
schools of her native community, also a normal school, and she followed teaching with
much success for a period of seventeen years in Putnam county and ranked among the
leading educators of the same. Two children have been born to our subject and his second
wife, namely: Alva D., born March 8, 1890, married Hazel Farris, and they live on a farm
near the home of our subject; Wilbur A., born November 9, 1891, is at home with his

Politically, Mr. Small is a Democrat, and is a loyal supporter of his party. He was a
candidate for nomination for county treasurer in 1912, but was defeated. Fraternally, he is
a member of the Knights of Pythias, a charter member of the lodge at Lebanon. He is an
active member of the First Christian church in Lebanon, and was for many years a deacon
in the same.


Submitted by Amy K Davis