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Americæ pars, nunc Virginia dicta

The White - de Bry Map
1590

This map was published with Thomas Harriot’s A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia in Vol. 1 of Theodore de Bry’s Great Voyages, printed in French, English and German. This was the first printed map with a high degree of detail and accuracy for any part of the United States. It was the first separate map of Virginia. It was based on a manuscript map by John White in 1585, a copy of which is in the British Museum, revised for additional names and coastal detail gained from Roanoke Colony travels in 1587 and 1588. Quinn notes that White’s original drawing is accepted as the major contemporary authority on the configuration of the coastline in the late sixteenth century. The map was the same in all four editions of Harriot’s work.

John White, one of the company sent by Sir Walter Raleigh to establish an English colony on Roanoke Island in 1585, went at least twice to the Carolina coast in the 1580s. There he produced a series of drawings of the everyday life of the Native American populations. White also compiled this map of the North Carolina coast from Cape Lookout to the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay, based on the British explorations of 1585-86, which de Bry then engraved and published in 1590.

Sources:

Cumming, William P., The Southeast in Early Maps, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1958.

Lorant, Stefan, The New World: The First Pictures of America, New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1946.

Quinn, David Beers, The Roanoke Voyages 1584-1590, (Hakluyt Society Second Series, #104 5. London: Hakluyt Society, 1955).

Copyright 2001
Carolina Algonqkian Project