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THE ARCHEOLOGY OF COASTAL NORTH CAROLINA

by WILLIAM G. HAAG

Part 1

LOUISIANA STATE UNIVERSITY STUDIES
Coastal Studies Series -- Number 2
James P. Morgan, Editor
Richard J. Russell, General Editor

The Louisiana State University Studies was established to publish the results of research by faculty members, staff, and graduate students of the, University. Manuscripts of exceptional merit from sources other than the aforementioned are considered for publication provided they deal with subjects of particular interest to Louisiana.

The Studies originally appeared as a unified series consisting of forty-two numbers, published between the years 1931 and 1941. In 1951 the Studies was reactivated, and is now being issued in the following series: Social Sciences, Humanities, Biological Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Coastal Studies. Other series may be established as the need arises.

The Studies in each series will be numbered only serially, without volume designation. All Inquiries regarding the Studies should be addressed to the Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge.

Frontpiece - Three vessels found in the National Park Service excavations at Fort Raleigh on Roanoke Island. Vessel 1 (Fort Raleigh Museum caralogue number 89) is a fine example of Roanoke Simple Stamped, 77/8 inches high. No. 2 (cat. No. 70), also Roanoke Simple Stamped, is 101/4 inches in height. No. 3 (cat. No. 68), of the same type as the others, is 143/4 inches high. All three are good examples of the typical vessel form characterizing the prehistoric and historic eastern Algonkian pottery. Photos courtesy of National Park Service.

PREFACE

In 1954 the Coastal Studies Institute of Louisiana State University contracted to make a comprehensive survey of the Cape Hatteras area of the Carolina Coast. The work was to include the archeology, cultural geography, botany, coastal morphology, and geology of the region. The archeological and geographical divisions were supported jointly by the National Park Service and the Office of Naval Research.

In December 1956, this monograph was released to a limited distributional list as Technical Report No. 8, Part B, Project No. N7 onr 35608, Task Order No. NR 388 002 of the Office of Naval Research. This present edition is nearly a facsimile reproduction of the Technical Report, only minor corrections having been made.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION PAGE
INTRODUCTION 1
1
2
3
PHYSIOGRAPHY OF THE COASTAL REGION 5
HISTORIC INDIAN OCCUPATION 12
PREHISTORY OCCUPATION 22
22
24
26
26
33
34
39
41
47
60
62
ARTIFACT ANALYSIS 65
65
69
82
87
87
90
93
95
104
114
115
CORRELATION OF ARCHEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL RECORDS 118
SUMMARY OF ABORIGINAL OCCUPATION OF THE CAROLINA SOUND 126
126
128
129
130
131
LITERATURE CITED 134

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE PAGE
Frontispiece(above): Three vessels from Fort Raleigh ii
1. Index map of northeastern North Carolina 7
2. Archeological survey of northeastern North Carolina (Omitted) 27
3. Varieties of sand and grit tempered fabric impressed sherds 74
4. Sand and grit tempered fabric impressed sherds with overincising 74
5. Sand and grit tempered cord marked sherds 76
6. Simple stamped sherds from excavations at Fort Raleigh 76
7. Sand and grit tempered net impressed sherds 78
8. Various sand-grit tempered sherds 78
9. Varieties of shell tempered pottery 83
10. Aboriginal pipes from various sites 83
11. Projectile points from the Duck Site 91
12. Projectile points and large blades from various sites 91
13. Miscellaneous stone artifacts from various sites 94
14. A slab mortar from C 4 94
15. Selected specimens of Tuckahoe from B 5 103
16. Fragments of identical porcelain cup from B 5 103

LIST OF TABLES

1. All sites with distribution of sherds 66-68
2. Sites with near 100 or more sherds 70
3. Pottery distribution in test excavation at Cape Creek Site, H 1 97
4. Distribution of pottery in test pit at P 1 99
5. Pottery from test at Bandon Site, A 12 101

Source: "The Archaeology of Coastal North Carolina" by William G. Haag, Louisiana State University Studies, Coastal Studies Series No. 2., 1958, LSU Press, Baton Rouge.

Courtesy of Louisiana State University Press

Copyright 2001

Carolina Algonkian Project