MALO (Genealogical Query by JRD).Summary/Outline/Excerpt/Description: DAVID MALO 1793 HI - 1853 HI
Surnames: MALO, KAPENA.
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MALO in Hawaii
David Malo - Historian, Educator, Minister A'oa'o MALO m. Heone Davida MALO b.ca.1793 Keauhou Hawaii, d.1853 Kalepolepo, Maui His birth said to be 18 Feb 1795 Keauhou, North Kona, HI His death was on 21 Oct 1853, buried above Lahaina His name may have been Kawika before he took a Christian name m1. A'aloioa b.1790 of Keauhou, Hawaii, d.<1822 Kona-Kailua childless m2.1822 Pahia (Batesepa or Bathsheba) b.ca.1796 Keauhou, d.1845 Lahaina childless m3.1845 Lepka (Rebecca)(Emma) b.ca.1810 Lahaina, d.>1853 Married 3 Sep 1845 (her Christian name was Emma) Daughter: A'alaioa (Christian name Emma) MALO b.1846 Lahaina, d.1886 Oahu m1. Hon. John M.KAPENA 1843-1887 (son of Makini and Naawa) Daughter: Leihulu KAPENA b.1868, d.5 Jan 1930, m. Henry CARTER Source Data Need help with MALO, KAPENA in HI. Who were his ancestors? Want to trace and contact descendants. Any help would be appreciated. James R. Davis, 6708 Austin Way, Sacramento, CA 95823 (916)-393-9186 --------------- Other MALO families in HawaiiThe MALO family of Oahu from LDS FamilySearch.Com There is a great deal of inconsistency on name spellings. ----------------------- David Kaiwi MALO b.ca.1861/2/4 ,d. 1914 Laie, Oahu Kaiwi stands for Kaiwiahuwaleikalua which stands for "The bone that was exposed to the sun." m. Kapu Keleawe Kawaipu'aikawahaokahaku d.1933/4 Honolulu she m2. Kepa Haaheo d.ca.1933 he had leprosy and exposed his gkids. supposedly the family moved from the Big Island to Maui and to Oahu Kaup MALO 1882 Koolauloa, Honolulu, d.<1930 (mom Kaanana) David Opio MALO 1891 Laie-1923, m. Elena Kahakauakoko George MALO 1907 Laie-1927/30 or "Kaiwi" Kaleihaheao (f) m. PAISHON (maybe Ceasar Paishon) Several girls William K. MALO 1902 Laie-1977/8 Honolulu 575-20-2979 K is for mother's maiden name m.1921 Mary K. Kuewa 1904 Waimea, Oahu-1974 Honolulu 576-10-0905 William 1923 Laie- m. Carol 1912-1991 Wailuku - no kids 575-01-1492 David 1924-1988 - no kids 575-16-2301 Stanley 1925-1940 - no kids Pearl m1.1943 Christopher P. ANAHU or OLSEN 1923-1983 Olga Elizabeth ..... m2. John O. ARRUDA Abraham Keliikumoku 1947 Kalihi, Hon.-1947 Derna George 1929 Honolulu-1988 Honolulu 576-28-4304 m. dau. of Wo CHOCK & Mary Aho Apo (8 kids) Noelani (f) George Keala (f) Pearl Abraham Keliikumoku 1958-1962 Honolulu Stanley 1960-1980 576-06-4598 Elroy "Makia" m. Ann - no kids Earl - no kids The MALO family of the Big Island from LDS FamilySearch.COM There is a great deal of inconsistency on name spellings. --------------------------------- Naipualoha and Kapuawa Kaupai had son: Kauikoaole Naipualoha and Akahikamenuikamehaiku had son: David Naipualoha MALO b.1852-1864 Makuu, Puna, Hawaii (d.1934?) m1.1887 Elena Kuhia from Honolulu 1867-1908 Lily 1891-1915? m. George Kalanui (aka Keoki) Elena 1914 Keaukaha-1978 (raised by aunt Dinah Kina) David 1892 Hilo-1913 Dinah Kina 1896 Pukihae, Hi-1952, m.1915 George Pokini Kaonohiokala 1898 Honolulu- Keahi Keliiwahneo 1900 Keaukaha-1923, m.ca.1918 Arthur KEPEKAIO (called Rosina) m2.1913 Hilo Lucy/Luke Kikipi (Kika) Kamehaiku d.1929 John David 1907 Keaukaha-1960 Hilo, m.Eva Mary Kaiwaiwa Kauka David Kaanikoa III 1936 Keaukaha-2001 Kalihilihipualilia 1909 Keaukaha-1923 (or Pua Kahilihili) Rose Kalawaia 1912 Keaukaha-1985, m.1934 Honolulu Harold R. YOST Pua MALO 1913- Keaukaha,S.Hilo-1913 Benjamin Kaua/Taua 1913-1914 (adopted) Dinah Kaanohi 1914 Keaukaha or Hilo-1976 David Kawika 1916 Keaukaha-1982 (b.1913?) 575-26-0528 Lucy Nawahineokahinkina 1919- David Kauikaole 1921 Keaukaha-1924 Peter Kaupai 1925- m.1955 Keaukaha Judith Horner Others died young Other unconnected MALO families from LDS FamilySearch.COM ------------------------------- David MALO David MALO 1854 Honomakau, Hawaii (JRD: Where does he fit in?) David MALO 1857 of Hilo, Hawaii, d. 1888 (JRD: Where does he fit in?) Davida MALO m.1874 Honomakau, North Kohala, Hawaii Ewaliko (JRD: Where does he fit in?) David MALO 1872 Waimea, Honolulu-<1920 (JRD: Where does he fit in?) Mahana MALO 1875 Hamakua District, Hawaii - 1955 m. Pua 1886- they were in Kalawao in 1930 ?? Mahana MALO 1942 Hamakua District, Hawaii - 1955 (JRD: Where does he fit in?) Eva MALO 1927-1988 Honolulu 575-24-2944 (JRD: Where does she fit in?) Does MALO connect to MALUO? How do these people fit together? from LDS FamilySearchand Ancestry.COM -------------------------------------------------------------- David K. MALUO m. Kauihina David K. MALUO 1869 Opihikao, Hawaii - 1919 William Mawe MALUO 1872 Punaluu, Hawaii-1905 m.1893 K.Kamiakama no kids S.K. MALUO m. Alice Laikealoha Mary Kanani MALUO 1896 Punaluu, Hawaii-1986 m.1915 John ANDERSON Mary MALUO 1913 HI-198? Pohoa, Hawaii 575-28-5618 Joseph Napua MALUO & Emily Roasabella Werner William Laeha MALUO 1925 Honolulu-1977 SOURCES: (of info on David Malo, and MALO and KAPENA. (1) Na Kukui Pio 'Ole, The Inextinguishable Torches:, biographies of Three Early Native Hawaiian Scholars, Davida Malo, S.N. Hale'ole and S.M. Kamakau, by Malcolm Naca Chun (2) Three Early Christian Leaders of Hawaii, 1946 by Oscar E. Maurer, D.D. This is about a) Bartimea Lalana Puaaiki, b) David Malo, and 3) James Hunnewell Kekela. (3) Hawaiian Kingdom, 3 volumes, by Ralph S. Kuykendall (4) Fourth Ordained Native Hawaiian Minister - summary (5) Hawaii State Archives (6) US Census for HI 1900-1930 (7) KAPENA (8) Internet info on Malo wives Leihulu's husband? (9) PIHO? (10) CARTER? David Malo 1793-1853 from- (1) Na Kukui Pio 'Ole, The Inextinguishable Torches: biographies of Three Early Native Hawaiian Scholars, Davida Malo, S.N. Hale'ole and S.M. Kamakau, by Malcolm Naca Chun Davida Malo - counselor of chiefs, school teacher, sugar planter, government official, ordained minister, historian b.18 Feb 1795 Keauhou area of North Kona, HI son of A'oa'o (father) and Heone (mother) Aoao somehow attached to court and army of Kamehameha Davida spent time in the courts of high chief Kuakini learned from chief 'Auwae Ka'aloa, an orator and genealogist of Kamehameha's time. Auwae later moved to Maui and died there in 1834, age 60, as a Christian called Noa (Noah) 'Auwae. m1. at Keauhou to 'Aalaioa who d. childless before 1822 he probably was introduced to Christianity in courts in Keauhou 1823 he moved to Lahaina, under tutelage of Rev. Wm. Richards 1827 he finished his translation of the book of Matthew. 1827 he started a collection of Hawaiian genealogies called "He Buka no ke oihana kula" The title page is signed "Davida Malo ke kahu kula" (David Malo, school master) 1827 letters showed dislike of haoles who opposed missionaries and the chiefs m2.1828 Lahaina to Pahia' (Batesepa or Bathsheba). She d.1845. This marriage was childless. 1831 he was one of first students when Lahainaluna started and served as school master (1836/7 Grew cotton and had a suit made. See death notes) 1837 letters to chiefs warning of foreigners 1840 he made molassses from his own sugar 1841 appointed General School Agent for Maui; held till 1845 1841 elected as representative from Maui to first House of Representatives of the Kingdom. 1842 was his last year at Lahainaluna 1842 he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Temperance Society of Lahaina 1844 he was licensed to preach by the Hawaiian Assoc. of Am.Ministers and stationed to preach on Maui 1844 he attended his patron high chief Kuakini 1845 his wife died and he wrote her a kanikau (lament). He previusly had written kanikaus for Kaahumanu and for Kekauluohi m3. 3 Sep 1845 to Lepka (Rebecca)(Chirstian name of Emma), much younger than Malo. His first two wives were older than he was. Daughter 'Aalaiao (also had Christian name Emma) He wrote once from Puako, Hawaii (he frequently returned to Hawaii to visit) 1846? some of his land confiscated without notice because of foreigners in government buying land. 1847 refered to as Kavika or David Malo was ill and was encourage to write about Hawaiian history. Maybe this was the start of "Moolelo Hawaii" (Hawaiian Traditions or Hawaiian History" He had a scribe in Keokea, Kula 1847 he wanted to end his mission work in Ukumehame, Kealia, Kalae, and Oloalu (or Olowalu) 1848 He reported his schools had died. 1851 He had been in district 2 years, eleven months and wanted to return to his birthplace in Napoopoo in Kahuloa, Kona ("'aina hanau aloha" 2 Sep 1852 ordained a minister and installed at Keokea, Kula, Maui. He was the third Hawaiian ordained after James Kekela and Pua'aiki. (JRD: His ordination and installation at the church in Keokea, Kula was reported in The Polynesian on September 18, 1852 p.74, Col.3.) 10 Apr 1853 with Rev. Green's assistance he baptised 115 new members. He was able to convert papists (Roman Catholics) in Kamaole. He had problems with his wife and with Rev. Conde who ordered him away from Honuaula. 1852/3 letters from Kalepolepo mention problems with Lepeka and her adulterous activity in Lahaina while visiting her grandmother. He suggested being released from the ministry. 21 Oct 1853 he died and is buried at Paupau Hill (Mt. Ball) above Lahaina. Rebecca wrote a kanikau for David which ended "Your profound book shall have a place in this world." (JRD: His death at Lahaina was reported in The Polynesian on November 5, 1853. It noted that he was age 60 and was born at Keauhou, in the Kona district. That he was connected early in life with Chief Kuakini (Gov. Adams). He didn't learn to speak English, due to his advanced age. About 16 or 17 years before, he had planted cotton and and had woven cloth, under the direction of Mrs. Richards and Mrs. Ogden, for his own suit.) David Malo 1793-1853 from- (2) Three Early Christian Leaders of Hawaii, 1946 by Oscar E. Maurer, D.D. This is about a) Bartimea Lalana Puaaiki, b) David Malo, and 3) James Hunnewell Kekela. David Malo, Hawaiian Preacher of Social Righteousness. 1793 born at Keauhou, North Kona, HI to Aoao and Heone. His father had been soldier in the army of Kamehemeha I and attached to the king's retinue. David was in close association Kamehameha's favorite chief Auwai who was versed in Hawaiian traditions and customs. Early in life he was taken into the family of Chief Kuakini, Governor Adams, borther of Queen Kaahumanu. m1. on Hawaii to A'alaiona, a widow of chiefish blood, who died without children. 1823 moved to Lahaina where he met Rev. Willaim Richards. m2. in Lahaina with Christian ceremony to Pahia, also of chiefish blood, who also died without children. m2. Lahaina Lepeka, or Rebecca, a young woman from Lahaina. they had a daughter names A'alaioa after his first wife. Malo never acquired freedom in English but read avidly every thing he could in Hawaiian. Malo was asked to review Rev. Richards translation of Matthew 1828 Malo confessed his faith in Christ, taking the name David in baptism at the Lahaina church. 1825 Queen Regent. Kaahumanu, professed the Christian faith, and joined the church in Honolulu. 1827 formal legislation by the chiefs providing the death penalty for murder and and imprisonment in irons for theft and adultery. 1829 the king proclaimed that the laws of the country prohibit, murder, theft, adultery, fornication, retailing ardent spirits, amusements on the Sabbath, and gambling. 1831 entered the Mission High School in Lahainaluna. 1832 Queen Kaahumanu died. Malo wrote a threnody in his grief and veneration for her. It was translated by C.J. Lyons. Late 1830's he grew cotton, had a spinning wheel and loom and made his own cloth. He also crew sugar and had a primitive sugar mill and mage excellent molasses. Malo wrote a biography of Kamehameha I but it disappeared, possibly for reasons of state. He rewrote "The History of Hawaii", "Ka Mo'oolelo Hawaii" which he and other pupils at Lahainaluna had done. Later expanding it into "Hawaiian Antiquities". Later translated into English by Dr. N. B. Emerson. 1838 Malo wrote in Hawaiian "Some Instructions About the Great Things in the Word of God". 2000 copies. Republished in 1861 and 1865. 1839, 1842 Malo was influentioal in drawing up the first constitutions. 1842 Preface to the Constitution states that several of the laws were written by Malo. 1841 he was appointed General School Agent for Maui after the adoption of a law providing public schools. He was also made the Superintendant in charge of all other agents. Became the Minister of Education after the establishment of the constitution government. 1842 he was a member of the executive committee of the Temperance Society of Lahaina, of which Kamehameha III, was the honorary president. 1843 Malo was Sheldon Dibble's chief collaborator in "The History of the Sandwich Islands" 1844 Dr. D. Baldwin reported to the Sandwich Islands Mission that he Malo was probably the most efficient school superintendant in all the islands. He was a true patriot and stood up for what he thought was right. He opposed the oppresiveness of some chiefs. He warned against the corrupting influence of foreigners and depending too much on their selfish counsel. He didn't include the missionionaries in his warnings. He had some of his land confiscated with out notice or opportunity to appeal due to his outspokeness. 1844 Malo is licensed to preach by the Hawaiian Association of American Mininsters 1846 He served in the House of Representatives 1848 The Great Mehele divided the kings land between the king and the chiefs. The the king divided his land between himself and the people (government). Malo supported individual ownership of land. 1849 the Privy Council set up the Kuleana or land ownership system. 1852 September 2nd Malo was ordained and installed at Keokea church in the Kula district on Maui. He lived at the seaside village of Kalepelepo. He erected a stone meeting house. Like his fellow minister Bartimea he was not to continue long as a settled pastor. 1853 October 21 he died after being extremely depressed and refusing to eat due to the unfaithfulness of his young third wife. He is buried at Pa'upau'u, Mt. Ball, above Lahaina. "Many of his predictions which seemed pessimistic at the time they were made, have come true. But his efforts for righteousness and justice have borne fruit and will continue to do so, for that kind of seed does not die." David Malo 1793-1853 from- (3) Hawaiian Kingdom, 3 volumes, by Ralph S. Kuykendall Vol. I 1778-1854, publ.1957 Vol. II 1854-1874, publ.1966 Vol.III 1874-1893, publ.1967 In Vol. I 1778-1854, publ.1957 Abbreviations: AH=Archives of Hawaii. F.O. & Ex.= Foreign Office and Executive file. Chapter 1: Introduction: A Glimpse of Ancient Hawaii p.8* Note 7. David Malo, Hawaiian Antiquties (Moolelo Hawaii), translated from the Hawiian by Dr. N. B. Emerson, with notes by the translator (Honolulu, 1903), 186-210. There are references to the arrival and departure of the god (obviously referring to the makahiki god) and to boxing and other sports which began just after the god's departure, in the diary of Francisco de Paula Marin (translated extracts made by R. C. Wyllie, in AH), under the dates Dec. 10, 29, 1811, Oct. 19, 26, Nov. 27, 1812, Nov. 5, 7, 9, 27, 1814, Dec. 3, 4, 1817, Nov. 21, 1818. p.9* "At the top of the social scale were the alii or chiefs, a highly privileged class. Closely associated with them were the priets. Below the chiefs were the mass of the people, collectively called the makaainana, those who lived on the island. David Malo describes the relationship between the common people and the chiefs: "The condition of the common people was that of subjection to the chiefs, compelled to do their heavy tasks, burdened and oppressed, some even to death. The life of the people was one of patient endurance, of yielding to the chiefs to purchase their favor. . . . It was from the common people, however, that the chiefs received their food and their apparel for men and women, also their houses and many other things. When the chiefs went forth to war some of the commoners also went out to fight on the same side with them. . . . It was the makaainanas also who did all the work on the land; yet all they produced from the soil belonged to the chiefs; and the power to expel a man from the land and rob him of his possessions lay with the chief.(10)" . . . "This lessened the danger of rebebellion." Note 10. Malo, op. cit., 87-88. It may be noted, however, that the people were not serfs and were not bound to the soil, but could and sometimes did transfer from the service of one chief to that of another. Chapter III: Kamehameha and the Founding of the Kingdom p.52* ".... The usual procedure was for the king to select and retain such lands as he desired for his own use and enjoyment and to divide the rest among his great chiefs, who would then hold it by a kind of revocable feudal tenure. The chiefs followed a similiar course with the lands assigned to them; and thus the scale descended from the king to the great chiefs, from great chiefs to lesser ones, and finally reached the lowest rank, the tenant-commoners who cultivated the soil. David Malo, in his account of the old Hawaiian civil polity, makes the following statement: "The largest districts were not generally assigned to the highest chiefs."(70)" Note 70. Malo, Hawaiian Antiquities, 257. Chapter VIII: The Early Years of the Reign of Kamehameha III: Regency of Kaahumanu p.126 Three laws were enacted in 1827 against murder, theft, and adultery. "This was the beginning of formal legislation by the Hawaiian chiefs. The contemparary chroniclers considered it a matter of great significance that they had made a start in this important business. The chiefs met again in June, 1828, but we have no record of what was accomplished. It was intimated that Kaahumanu had difficulty in bringing the other chiefs to task, and one report says they referred the business to David Malo who declined to take upon himself the responsibility.(32) Note 32. Chamberlain Journal, June 5, 1828. Chapter X: The Birth of Constitutional Government p.153 "The repeated buffetings by the foreign officers and ships of war, to which the king and chiefs were subjected ...." ".... In the same month in which Peirce wrote the words quoted above, David Malo expressed, in a letter to Kinau, some thoughts which recent happenings had awakened in his mind: "I have been thinking that you ought to hold frequent meetings with all the chiefs . . . to seek for that which will be of the greatest benefit to this country; you must not think that this is anything like olden times, that you are the only chiefs and can leave things as they are. . . . This is the reason. If a big wave comes in, large fishes will come from the dark Ocean which you never saw before, and when they see the small fishes they will eat them up; such also is the case with large animals, they will prey on the smaller ones. The ships of the white man have come, and smart people have arrived from the great countries which you have never seen before, they know our people are few in number and living in a small country; they will eat us up, such has always been the case with large countries, the small ones have been gobbled up. . . . God has made known to us through the mouths of the men of the man-of-war things that will lead us to prepare ourselves . . . Therefore get your servant ready who will help you when you need him."(2) Note 2. D. Malo to Kaahumanu II (Kinau) and Mataio (Kekuanaoa), Aug. 18, 1837, AH, F.O. & Ex. p.157 "But the minds of the king and chiefs had been prepared for further change by various influences which may be mentioned briefly. First in importance, perhaps, was the general enlightenment resulting from the teaching of the missionaries and from the contact with foreigners. Especially important was the education of young Hawaiians, both chiefs and commoners, at Lahainaluna and elsewhere, such men as Daniel Ii, John Ii, Timothy Haalilio, David Malo, Boaz Mahune, and others. These young men became companions and advisers to the king and the older chiefs. Malo has been already several times mentioned. ..." This was in context of leading up to a Constitutional Government in 1840. Chapter XV: The Land Revolution p.259 ".... As early as January, 1845, Commissioner Brown reported hearing of dissatisfaction amoung the native population on account of so many offices being filled by naturalized foreigners.(131) In April a petition was gotten up by the people of Lahaina and this was followed by others during the summer.(132) In the early part of June, Dr. Dwight Baldwin wrote from Lahaina to Richards: "But what strange doings have you had at Oahu? Something seems to have stirred the natives to the bottom. Perhaps in consequence of what natives said who came up from Oahu, (I think that must have been the moving cause) there has been a meeting here & is to be another today to draw up a petition to the National Council. I know not what was done at the meeting -- nor what is to be done today -- but I am told the object is to bring about "no haole rulers." The natives requested me to appoint the meeting -- but I excused myself, saying it was a political meeting, very proper for them to engage in -- but our work was more exclusively with the Gospel."(133) The petitioners prayed the king to dismiss all the naturalized foreigners whom he had appointed to be officers of the kingdon. "We wish your chiefs to hold offices under you, as did their fathers under Kamehameha I your father." If it be necessary to have the aid of foreigners, let them be employed as advisers, without being naturalized, and then dismissed when the need is past. "We do not wish that foreigners be allowed to take the oath of allegiance and become Hawaiians." "... if this kingdom is to be ours, what is the good of filling the land with foreigners?... What will be the end of these numerous cases of the oath of allegiance being taken by foreigners? This, in our opinion; to give up this kingdom to them, and to give it up quickly, too." "We do not wish you to sell another piece of land in your kingdom to foreigners." "Foreigners come here with their property in dollars; they are prepared to buy the land; but we have no property, a people unprepared are we; the native man is palsied like a man long ailing in his back. we have lived under the rulers, expecting to do according to their wish, and not after our own notions; and for this cause we are not ready to be set adrift to strive with the foreigners... If a good thing, let the coming of foreigners into this country be delayed for ten more years perhaps, and let there be given to us lands with the understanding that they are to be cultivated and have cattle raised upon them, and so perhaps we shall lose our present palsy, and it will be good perhaps to encourage foreigners to enter the country." A movement like this could not be ignored. The king took notice of it by appointing three commissioners to visit Lahaina, which seemed to be the center of the agitation, to find out what influences were back of it. The government believed that disaffected foreigners had incited the natives to draw up the petitions, but the investigation failed to disclose any such foreign influence, if there had been any.(134) It was ascertained that David Malo had been active in promoting the movement, and he was persuaded to take a different attitude.(135) p.290* ".... The petitions of 1845 indicate that there must have been a considerable number of the common people who thought it would be a good plan to try the haole's way of managing these matters. In a letter written in the summer of 1846, David Malo said: "I believe it best that at this time, the people should own lands as they do in foreign lands; they [the people in foreign lands] work all the harder knowing they own the land, and very likely it is the reason why they love their country; and why they do not go to other places and perhaps that is the reason why they are great farmers." (84)" Note 84. Malo to Richards, June 2, 1846, AH, P.O. & Ex. p.292* "... Richard Armstrong, who had become minister of public instruction in 1848 after the death of Richards, wrote to his brother-in-law: "The government has lately granted fee simple titles to all the natives ...."(92) Note 92. Armstrong to Chapman, Jan. 15 1850, Armstrong Letters. "David Malo, in conversation with Rev. J. S. Green, declared that the "Resolutions of the Privy council relating to the Kuleana ainas had afforded him much satisfaction, ... and inspired him with hope of seeing better days."(93)" Note 93. Polynesian, May 11, 1850. p.335-367 Chapter XVII: Religious and Educational Development (1840-1854) p.339 "About 1841 the mission began the practice of licensing natives to preach, placing upon them the care of small congregations, but keeping each of them more or less under the supervision of one of the missionaries. The earliest to be so licensed was Puaaiki ("Blind Bartimeus"), who preached to a congregation at Honuaula, Maui.(15)" "Note 15. Missionary Hearld, official organ of the ABCFM published in Boston, XXXVIII (1842), 473; XL (1844), 145-147; H. Bingham, Bartimeus of the Sandwich Islands (New York, no date)." "The second was David Malo, who was licensed in 1843.(16)" "Note 16. MH, XL (1844), 9; XLI (1845), 312; Minutes of General Meeting, 1844, p.27. The evidence seems to indicate that Malo was licensed in 1844 by one of the missionaries on Maui and that he received a more formal license in 1844 by action of the Hawaiian Associantion, and ecclesiastical organization of all the missionaries." "Up to the middle of 1848 nine natives had been regularly licensed to preach.(17) But it was not until 1849 that a native Hawaiian was formally ordained to the ministry and installed as pastor of an independent church. James Kekela was so ordained on December 21, 1849, becoming the pastor of a small church at Kahuku, Oahu.(18) During the next year two others were ordained: Samuel Kauwealoha, installed as pastor at Kaanapali, Maui; and Stephen Waimalu, installed as pastor at Waianae, Oahu.(19) In September, 1852, David Malo was ordained and installed as pastor of the church at Keokea, Maui.(20)" "Note 20. Minutes of General Meeting, 1853, p.11; Polynesian, Sept. 18, 1852." Sub section: Government Common Schools, 1840-1846 p.347/8 In 1840 "a law was enacted providing for a national system of common schools to be supported by the government." ... It "required that a school should be maintained in every community where there were fifteen or more children of suitable age ...." ... "No one could be a teacher unless he had received a certificate from the teachers of the Lahainalunu high school or from the general school agent ...." "The law provided that there should be appointed annually by the legislature one "general school agent" (kahukula)(39) for each of the five principal islands, and that there should be similarly appointed one superintendent (luna) of the whole. The duties of the general school agents were to superintend, manage, and provide for the teachers, to encourage them and their pupils, to grant certificates to teachers, to be the judges of the school law, and to report to the superintendent their various acts and the results of their observations. It was the duty of the superintendent to report to the legislature at its annual meeting.(40)" p.348 "On May 11, 1841, the legislature appointed the general school agent for the ensuing year, as follows: for Oahu, John Ii; for Kauai, Papohaku; for Molokai, Kanakaokai; for Maui, David Malo; for Hawaii, Kanakaahuahu. It was also voted that David Malo should be in charge of all the general school agents; Malo therefore became the first superintendent of schools of the Hawaiian kingdon and continued to serve in that capacity at least until the middle of 1845.(41) An "Additional School Law" enacted in 1842, provided that there should be two general school agents on the island of Hawaii, and fixed the salaries of all the general school agents; those on Hawaii, Maui, and Kauai were to receive $35 a year, the one on Oahu was to receive $30, and the one on Molokai, $25. (42)" "Note 41. Journal of the Legislature, May 11, 1841, May 12, 1842, April 26, 1843, May 26. July 10,11,1845. See also my note on David Malo in 40 HHS Report, 35-36 and my article on Malo in Hawaii Educational Review XXI, 79-80 (Nov. 1932). In the English version of the Journal of the Legislature the general school agents are called "School Inspectors."" p.349 "The law of May 21, 1841, put the Catholics and Protestants on substantially the same footing so far as the schools were concerned. .... ... The general school agents were all Protestants, and the head of the system, David Malo, was zealous in opposing the spread of Catholicism. The Protestant missionary at Hana, Maui, wrote in November 1842: "There are several intelligent native Christians who do much to keep Romanism in check ... None perhaps is more active in the respect than David Malo.... He is general agent for all the schools of this island; and the duties of his office render it necessary for him to travel considerably from place to place.... His influence is very manifest in preventing the children and youth from going over to popery, and in keeping them in their respective schools.... The priests find in him a powerful enemy, and are therefore very bitter in their complaints against him.(46)" "Note 46. Yzendoorn, op.cit., 165." "Note 25. Fr. Reginald Yzendoorn, History of the Catholic Mission in the Hawaiian Islands, 147, 152." p.351 "On its face, the school law placed the responsibility for the establishment and amangement of the schools upon the general school agents appointed by the legislature and the local school committees elected by the parents. Now for the first time the people as a whole were required to send their children to school and to bear the cost of their education. In its terms, the law was mandatory, but like other laws it could not be fully enforced against an unwilling or indifferent populace. It was part of the work of the general school agents to convince the people of the justice and desireability of carrying on the schools in this way. Malo and his associates worked faithfully, but the most effective influence in keeping up the school system was the interest manifested by the missionaries, both Protestant and Catholic. With their aid and encouragement, the schools were revivied and for a few years went along rather prosperously. Then they began to droop again; it became clear that Malo, intelligent and active as he was, lacked some of the important qualifications and in particular the training and experience which were indispensible for the successful administration of a national school system. One of the missionaries, writing from Lahaina in May, 1845, remarked, "I must again express my conviction, that no Hawaiian is yet competent to superintend a system of education."(52)" .... "By 1845 the inadequacy of the system was clearly apparent." "Note 52. D. Baldwin to Richards, May 26, 1845, original in HMCS Library." "... organic acts adopted in 1845 and 1846 provided a new set-up for the school system." p.353 "William Richards was appointed mininster of public instruction. His commission was dated April 13, 1846...." p.354 "Richards ... death on November 7, 1847." "... Rev. Richard Armstrong ... pastor of Kawaiahao Church in Honolulu ... agreed to assist the work ... December 6, 1847 , until June 7, 1848, when he finally accepted the appointment as mininster of public instruction." In Vol. II 1854-1874, publ.1966, nothing listed in the index. In Vol.III 1874-1893, publ.1967, nothing listed in the index. (4) David Malo 1793-1853 - Fourth Ordained Native Hawaiian Minister David Malo has a place in the earliest ordained native Christian ministers in Hawaii. In Na Kukui Pio 'Ole, The Inextinguishable Torches:, biographies of Three Early Native Hawaiian Scholars, Davida Malo, S.N. Hale'ole and S.M. Kamakau, by Malcolm Naca Chun it says that he was licensed to preach in 1844 and ordained and installed in Keokea in 1852. That he was the third Hawaiian ordained, after James Kekela and Pua'aiki. Then see Three Early Christian Leaders of Hawaii, 1946 by Oscar E. Maurer, D.D. This is about a) Bartimea Lalana Puaaiki, b) David Malo, and 3) James Hunnewell Kekela. In the article on James Kakela it says that he was ordained and installed as pastor of the Kahuku church on Oahu on 21 Dec 1849. He was the first Hawaiian to be ordained. In the article on blind Bartimaeus it said that he joined 10 July 1825, 1839 ordained as deacon or elder in Wailuku, 1842 licensed to preach after many years of preaching, 1843 commissioned as evangelist in the Honuaula district, and died in 1843. In the article on Malo in 1828 he joined the church in Lahaina, 1844 he was licensed to preach and on 2 Sep 1852 he was ordained and installed at Keokea, Kula. In the Hawaiian Kingdom, Vol.I, 1778-1854, 1957 by Ralph S. Kuykendall on page 339 he says that in 1841 the mission began to license natives to preach at a small congregation and keeping them under the care of a missionary. The earliest was Puaakiki ("Blind Bartimeus") who preched at Honuaula, Maui. The second was David Malo in 1843 by the local missionary and by the Hawaiian Association in 1844. Up to 1948 nine had been licensed. In 1849 James Kekela was ordained at Kahuku, Oahu. In the next two years there was Samuel Kauwealoha ordained at Kaanapali, Maui and Stephen Waimalu at Waianae, Oahu. In 1852 David Malu at Keokea, Maui. In 1854 A. Kaukau to succeed Kauwealoha at Kaanapali and Moses Kuaea in Hauula, Oahu. Three of these, Kekela, Kauwealoha, and Kaukau later went at missionaries to the Marquesas Islands. From the minutes of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions I found: James Kakela ord.12/21/49 Kahuku, Oahu, 1853 to Fatuhiwa, Marquesas I. Samuel Kauweloha ord. 1851 Kaanapali, 1853 to Fatuhiwa, Marquesas I. Stephen Waimalu ord. 9/25/1851 Waianae, Oahu David Malo ord. 9/2/1852 Keokea, Maui J. Kaukau ord. 4/1854 Kaanapali, Maui In 1846 the minutes start to mention 1 Native Preacher, in 1847 1 Native Preacher, 4 licensed. In 1848 terminology changed from Native Preacher to Native Pastor. 1849 back to using Native Preacher. 1850 we start to see Hawaiian pastor's names and ordination years and dates sometimes and other indications still of Native Preachers. 1851 we see added the term Native Helper. The Hawaiian Evangelical Association minutes started about 1851 and the first minister's names I saw were in 1858. So Malo was the fourth ordained native pastor, not counting Puaaiki. Many Hawaiians were motivated to share what they knew about Christ, but they hadn't passed the standards that the missionaries wanted to call them licensed preachers or ordained pastors. So they just went out and preached on their own. I think that is what the Native Preacher/Pastor terminology meant. Puaaiki is buried in the cemetery near the corner of Main and High on the property of Kaahumanu Church in Wailuku. David Malo 1793-1853 from- (5) Hawaiian State Archives from ALLEN.W.HOOF @ HAWAII.GOV on 7/28/03. We found, that Malo's daughter from her obituary in the Hawaiian Gazette, that she was born in 1846 and died on Oahu in 1886. Her husband was Hon. John M.Kapena, 1843-1887. He was prominent in government. He was a member of the Privy Council, 1863-1874; a circuit court judge 1873-1874; Governor of Maui, 1874-1876; a member of the House of Nobles, 1876-1886; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1878-1880; and Special Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan, 1882. He married Emma in 1863 and they had one daughter, Leihulu, in 1868. This information is from his obituary in the Pacific Commercial (now Honolulu) Advertiser. Our index searches failed to find any reference to a marriage record for him, or his daughter, or David or Rebecca Malo. The obituary for John M. Kapena was on page 2, column 4 of the Pacific Commercial Advertiser of October 24, 1887. Emma's Obituary appeared in the April 20, 1886 issue of the Hawaiian Gazette. Our index does not cite a page or column. There was also an obituary in the May, 1886 number of the Friend, page 12, column 3. David Malo 1793-1853 from- (6) US Census for HI 1900-1930 1900 Census - Hawaii (ages and sequence unknown) - MALO from Ancestry.Com 1900 None 1910 Census - Hawaii (ages and sequence unknown) - MALO from Ancestry.Com 1910 David Malo on Hawaii in Hilo Vol.3 p.005 with Dinah, Lilia, and Rosina 1910 Kahauanui Malo on Hawaii in N.Kohala Dist., Vol.1, p.089 with Kalua and Keahunui (but who is the head?) 1920 United States Census - Hawaii - MALO from Ancestry.Com 1920 David K. Malo age 50 on Hawaii in S.Hilo ED113 p.53B with Lucy 31, John K. 12, Lilia (f) 8, Kalawaia (m) 6, Elena 5, David K.,Jr. 4, and Lucy 1 3/12. 1930 United States Federal Census - Hawaii - MALO from Ancestry.Com 1930 David Malo age 77 (1852) in Hilo with Rose 15, Diana 14, David 13, Kanikina (f) 12, and Peter 5 1930 David Malo in Hilo age 13 (1916) - father is David above 1930 William K. Malo age 28 in Honolulu with Mary K. 26, William K. 7, David K. 5, Stanley 4 6/12, Pearl K. 3 5/12, and George K. 5/12. 1930 David K. Malo in Honolulu age 5 (1924) - father is William above. 1930 Mahana Malo (m) 55 of Kalawao (Territorial Leprossiam) with Pua (f) wife 44 (7) Honolulu, Hawaii Directory, 1890 - Ancestry.Com KAPENA John K. Honokohau, Maui, farmer John P.O.Box Honokohau, Honokohau, Maui - Hana, Maui, laborer - Wailalua, Honolulu, laborer - Maemae nr Nuuanu, Honolulu, laborer Naiwi Smith, Honolulu, laborer - Halaula, Hawaii, teamster S. Puohae, Hawaii, laborer Likeke Waimea, Kauai & Nihau (7) US Census for HI 1900-1920 - Ancestry.Com KAPENA Keawe 1900 Hamakua District, Hawaii, Vol.1 p.092 Waialua 1900 Hamakua District, Hawaii, Vol.1 p.092 Maria 1900 Honolulu ED14, p.157 NoName 1900 Honolulu ED14, p.157 Richard 1900 Honolulu ED14, p.157 Jr. 1900 N. Eva Point, Honolulu Co., ED29, p.006 Rose 1900 N. Eva Point, Honolulu Co., ED29, p.006 Poopuu 1910 Waialua, Honolulu Co., Vol.12, p.174 John 1910 Honolulu Vol.7, p.010 Katie 1920 age 33, S. Kona, Hawaii, ED136, p.2A (7) Family Search.Com KAPENA Leihulu b.1868 Lahaina, d. 5 Jan 1930 m. Unknown - no kids dau. of John Makini KAPENA and Emma MALO (7) US Census for HI 1900-1920 - Ancestry.Com All Leilulu's AKI 1900 Honolulu, Oahu, ED^, p.164 HOOLAPA 1900 N.Kohala Dist., Hawaii, Vol.2, p.051 KALAWA 1900 N.Kohala Dist., Hawaii, Vol.1, p.072 KAOHIAI 1910 Laie, Honolulu Co., Vo.12, p.049 KEKONA 1900 Lahaina Dist, Maui, Vol.8, p.079 MAMO 1920 age 20, Honolulu, Honolulu Co., ED49, p.78 MOKUOHAI 1910 South Kona, Hawaii, p.075 MOKUOHAI 1920 age 13, S.Kona, Hawaii, ED105, p.26A PAAKAULA, Ana L.1910 Honolulu Vol.4, p.003 PIHO 1920 age 56, Ewa, Honolulu, ED55, p.2A (so b.1873/4) (maybe?) STEVENS 1910 Hawi Camp, Hawaii p.103 *** Need to go to San Bruno and search Soundex to these years. (7) Internet site on Hawaiian Newspapers - Listing Ke Au Okoa, editor was John M. Kapena, and listed his parents as Makini and Naawa:: From: http://ulukau.org/elib/cgi-bin/library?e=p-0nhawlbr-000Sec--11en-50-20-frameset-book--1-010escapewin&a=d&toc=0&d=D0.8&cl=&er= THE HAWAIIAN NEWSPAPERS Esther K. Mookini Topgallant Publishing Company, Ltd. Honolulu 1974 In 1865 appeared Ke Au Okoa , which lasted eight years and then merged with Ka Nupepa Kuokoa . This newspaper was much like Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika in content and general presentation. They both carried Foreign and local news, translated stories, meles, and letters to the editor. Ke Au Okoa was sponsored by the government and in 1867 objected to annexation saying: "suspicions have entered our minds that the benefits would not be for the mass of the people but for a few" (Kuykendall 2:213, 226). In its last three years Ke Au Okoa was edited by John Makini Kapena, 1843-1887, the only son of Makini and Naawa, high chiefess related to King Kalakaua and adopted by his uncle, the Hon. Iona Kapena. He attended the Royal School and Oahu College. In 1863 he married Emma Malo, the only child of David Malo. He worked on a rice plantation, then from 1870 to 1873 was the editor of Ke Au Okoa (Pacific Commercial Advertiser, October 24, 1887:2). From 1873 until his death in 1887 he held high government positions: member of the Privy Council and the House of Nobles, Governor of Maui, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Special Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan. He was considered a Hawaiian scholar of marked ability and a diligent student of Hawaiian literature (Pacific Commercial Advertiser , October 24, 1887:2). (8) Malo wives From: Pakisepa Pahia shown in Wainahona Aina Samples under ahupua`a search under claim #06659. JRD: This is the only time I have found this given name. I saw Batesepa or Bathsheba in "Inextinquishable Torch". (9) 1920 Ewa, Honolulu Co., Oahu, ED55, p.2A - Ancestry.Com Kuaiwa AUMU or NAMU 38 Kalehu 30 Poai (male) 10 Anna 5 Kikilia (female) 4 Libeka (female) 1 1/2 Leihulu PIHO 56 mother-in-law (maybe? Ben " 10 brother-in-law (9) US Census for HI 1900-1930 - Ancestry.Com PIHO W.S. 1900 Wailuku, Maui, ED106, p.237 Annie 1900 Wailuku, Maui, ED106, p.237 Keaupemi 1900 Wailuku, Maui, ED106, p.237 William D. 1910 Ulapalakua, Maui, p.284 Annie 1910 Ulapalakua, Maui, p.284 Leihulu (56) 1920 Ewa, Honolulu, ED55, p.2A Ugaio (31) 1920 Makawao, Maui, ED93, p.2A Mary (13) 1930 Koloa, Kauai (niece) Isaiah (12) 1930 Wailuku, Maui (grandson) (10) Leihulu's husband? http://www2.bishopmuseum.org/ethnologydb/detailed.asp?ARTNO=1925.002.001 Ethnology Database Artifact Number: 1925.002.001 Object: Ahuula Cape Material: Feather, plant (olona) Comments: This ahuula was originally owned by David & Kamaa Malo. It was passed on to their daughter Emma Kapena, who left it to Leihulu Clark, her daughter. Leihulu left it to her husband Henry Clark, who passed it on to his mother, Mrs. C. Clark. Mrs. Clark then passed it onto W.F. Dillingham. It is made up of red iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) and black and yellow oo (Moho spp.) feathers. It has a background of yellow oo. A large crescent of red iiwi fills the central position. An elaborate design of triangles and curves done in red iiwi and black and yellow oo fill the neckline and front edges. Its net backing is made up of olona (Touchardia latifolia) fiber. This object is associated with Malo and Walter F. Dillingham Dimensions: Origin: Hawaii, Polynesia Collection Name: © 2006, Bishop Museum. All Rights Reserved. All media are for the personal use of students, scholars and the public. Any commercial use or publication of them is strictly prohibited. BERNICE PAUAHI BISHOP MUSEUM Need help with MALO, KAPENA in HI. Who were his ancestors? Want to trace and contact descendants. Any help would be appreciated. James R. Davis, 6708 Austin Way, Sacramento, CA 95823 (916)-393-9186