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MALO (Genealogical Query by JRD).

Summary/Outline/Excerpt/Description: DAVID MALO 1793 HI - 1853 HI

Surnames: MALO, KAPENA.

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MALO in Hawaii
David Malo

David Malo - Historian, Educator, Minister

A'oa'o MALO m. Heone 
  Davida MALO Keauhou Hawaii, d.1853 Kalepolepo, Maui 
  His birth said to be 18 Feb 1795 Keauhou, North Kona, HI
  His death was on 21 Oct 1853, buried above Lahaina 
  His name may have been Kawika before he took a Christian name 
  m1.     A'aloioa b.1790 of Keauhou, Hawaii, d.<1822 Kona-Kailua
  m2.1822 Pahia (Batesepa or Bathsheba) Keauhou, d.1845 Lahaina 
  m3.1845    Lepka (Rebecca)(Emma) Lahaina, d.>1853 
    Married 3 Sep 1845 (her Christian name was Emma)
    A'alaioa (Christian name Emma) MALO b.1846 Lahaina, d.1886 Oahu
    m1. Hon. John M.KAPENA 1843-1887 (son of Makini and Naawa)
       Leihulu KAPENA b.1868, d.5 Jan 1930, m. Henry CARTER

Source Data

     Need help with MALO, KAPENA in HI.  
Who were his ancestors?
Want to trace and contact descendants. 

     Any help would be appreciated.
James R. Davis, 6708 Austin Way, Sacramento, CA 95823   (916)-393-9186

Other MALO families in Hawaii

The MALO family of Oahu  from LDS FamilySearch.Com 
There is a great deal of inconsistency on name spellings.
David Kaiwi MALO      ,d. 1914 Laie, Oahu 
  Kaiwi stands for Kaiwiahuwaleikalua 
    which stands for "The bone that was exposed to the sun." 
m. Kapu Keleawe Kawaipu'aikawahaokahaku d.1933/4 Honolulu 
     she m2. Kepa Haaheo 
             he had leprosy and exposed his gkids. 
supposedly the family moved from the Big Island to Maui and to Oahu 
  Kaup MALO       1882 Koolauloa, Honolulu, d.<1930 (mom Kaanana) 
  David Opio MALO 1891 Laie-1923, m. Elena Kahakauakoko 
  George MALO     1907 Laie-1927/30 or "Kaiwi" 
  Kaleihaheao (f)  m. PAISHON (maybe Ceasar Paishon) 
  Several girls 
  William K. MALO 1902 Laie-1977/8 Honolulu  575-20-2979 
  K is for mother's maiden name 
  m.1921  Mary K. Kuewa 1904 Waimea, Oahu-1974 Honolulu 576-10-0905 
    William  1923 Laie-     m. Carol 1912-1991 Wailuku - no kids 
    David    1924-1988 - no kids  575-16-2301 
    Stanley  1925-1940 - no kids 
    Pearl            m1.1943 Christopher P. ANAHU or OLSEN 1923-1983 
    ..... m2. John O. ARRUDA 
      Abraham Keliikumoku 1947 Kalihi, Hon.-1947 
    George   1929 Honolulu-1988 Honolulu   576-28-4304 
      m. dau. of Wo CHOCK & Mary Aho Apo (8 kids) 
      Noelani (f) 
      Keala (f) 
      Abraham Keliikumoku 1958-1962 Honolulu 
      Stanley             1960-1980  576-06-4598 
    Elroy "Makia" m. Ann - no kids 
    Earl   - no kids 

The MALO family of the Big Island from LDS FamilySearch.COM
There is a great deal of inconsistency on name spellings.
Naipualoha and Kapuawa Kaupai 
had son: 
Kauikoaole Naipualoha and Akahikamenuikamehaiku 
had son: 
David Naipualoha MALO b.1852-1864 Makuu, Puna, Hawaii (d.1934?) 
m1.1887  Elena Kuhia from Honolulu 1867-1908 
  Lily               1891-1915?    m. George Kalanui (aka Keoki) 
    Elena              1914 Keaukaha-1978 (raised by aunt Dinah Kina) 
  David              1892 Hilo-1913 
  Dinah Kina         1896 Pukihae, Hi-1952, m.1915 George Pokini 
  Kaonohiokala       1898 Honolulu- 
  Keahi Keliiwahneo  1900 Keaukaha-1923, Arthur KEPEKAIO 
    (called Rosina) 
m2.1913 Hilo  Lucy/Luke Kikipi (Kika) Kamehaiku d.1929 
  John David         1907 Keaukaha-1960 Hilo, m.Eva Mary Kaiwaiwa Kauka 
    David Kaanikoa III 1936 Keaukaha-2001 
  Kalihilihipualilia 1909 Keaukaha-1923 (or Pua Kahilihili) 
  Rose Kalawaia      1912 Keaukaha-1985, m.1934 Honolulu  Harold R. 
  Pua MALO           1913- Keaukaha,S.Hilo-1913 
  Benjamin Kaua/Taua 1913-1914 (adopted) 
  Dinah Kaanohi      1914 Keaukaha or Hilo-1976 
  David Kawika       1916 Keaukaha-1982 (b.1913?)  575-26-0528 
  Lucy Nawahineokahinkina 1919- 
  David Kauikaole    1921 Keaukaha-1924 
  Peter Kaupai       1925-      m.1955 Keaukaha Judith Horner 
  Others died young 

Other unconnected MALO families from LDS FamilySearch.COM
David MALO 
  David MALO 1854 Honomakau, Hawaii 
(JRD:  Where does he fit in?) 
  David MALO 1857 of Hilo, Hawaii, d. 1888 
(JRD:  Where does he fit in?) 
Davida MALO m.1874 Honomakau, North Kohala, Hawaii  Ewaliko 
(JRD:  Where does he fit in?) 
David MALO 1872 Waimea, Honolulu-<1920 
(JRD:  Where does he fit in?) 
Mahana MALO 1875 Hamakua District, Hawaii - 1955 
m. Pua 1886- they were in Kalawao in 1930 
    Mahana MALO 1942 Hamakua District, Hawaii - 1955 
(JRD:  Where does he fit in?) 
  Eva MALO 1927-1988 Honolulu  575-24-2944 
(JRD:  Where does she fit in?) 

Does MALO connect to MALUO?  How do these people fit together? 
from LDS FamilySearchand Ancestry.COM
David K. MALUO m. Kauihina 
  David K. MALUO 1869 Opihikao, Hawaii - 1919 
  William Mawe MALUO 1872 Punaluu, Hawaii-1905 m.1893 K.Kamiakama 
    no kids 
  S.K. MALUO m. Alice Laikealoha 
    Mary Kanani MALUO 1896 Punaluu, Hawaii-1986 m.1915 John ANDERSON 
       Mary MALUO 1913 HI-198? Pohoa, Hawaii  575-28-5618 
    Joseph Napua MALUO & Emily Roasabella Werner 
       William Laeha MALUO 1925 Honolulu-1977 


 SOURCES:  (of info on David Malo, and MALO and KAPENA.
(1) Na Kukui Pio 'Ole, The Inextinguishable Torches:, biographies of 
Three Early Native Hawaiian Scholars, Davida Malo, S.N. Hale'ole and 
S.M. Kamakau, by Malcolm Naca Chun
(2) Three Early Christian Leaders of Hawaii, 1946 by Oscar E. Maurer, 
D.D.  This is about a) Bartimea Lalana Puaaiki, b) David Malo, and 3) 
James Hunnewell Kekela. 
(3) Hawaiian Kingdom, 3 volumes, by Ralph S. Kuykendall
(4) Fourth Ordained Native Hawaiian Minister - summary
(5) Hawaii State Archives
(6) US Census for HI 1900-1930
(8) Internet info on Malo wives
Leihulu's husband?
     (9)  PIHO?
     (10) CARTER?

David Malo 1793-1853 from- 
(1) Na Kukui Pio 'Ole, The Inextinguishable Torches: biographies of 
Three Early Native Hawaiian Scholars, Davida Malo, S.N. Hale'ole and 
S.M. Kamakau, by Malcolm Naca Chun 
Davida Malo - counselor of chiefs, school teacher, sugar planter, 
government official, ordained minister, historian 
b.18 Feb 1795 Keauhou area of North Kona, HI 
son of A'oa'o (father) and Heone (mother) 
   Aoao somehow attached to court and army of Kamehameha 
   Davida spent time in the courts of high chief Kuakini 
   learned from chief 'Auwae Ka'aloa, an orator and genealogist of 
     Kamehameha's time.  Auwae later moved to Maui and died there 
     in 1834, age 60, as a Christian called Noa (Noah) 'Auwae. 
m1. at Keauhou to 'Aalaioa who d. childless before 1822 
he probably was introduced to Christianity in courts in Keauhou 
1823 he moved to Lahaina, under tutelage of Rev. Wm. Richards 
1827 he finished his translation of the book of Matthew. 
1827 he started a collection of Hawaiian genealogies called 
     "He Buka no ke oihana kula"  The title page is signed 
     "Davida Malo ke kahu kula" (David Malo, school master) 
1827 letters showed dislike of haoles who opposed missionaries and 
     the chiefs 
m2.1828 Lahaina to Pahia' (Batesepa or Bathsheba). She d.1845. 
     This marriage was childless. 
1831 he was one of first students when Lahainaluna started 
     and served as school master 
(1836/7 Grew cotton and had a suit made.  See death notes) 
1837 letters to chiefs warning of foreigners 
1840 he made molassses from his own sugar 
1841 appointed General School Agent for Maui; held till 1845 
1841 elected as representative from Maui to first House of 
     Representatives of the Kingdom. 
1842 was his last year at Lahainaluna 
1842 he was a member of the Executive Committee of the Temperance 
     Society of Lahaina 
1844 he was licensed to preach by the Hawaiian Assoc. of Am.Ministers 
     and stationed to preach on Maui 
1844 he attended his patron high chief Kuakini 
1845 his wife died and he wrote her a kanikau (lament).  He previusly 
     had written kanikaus for Kaahumanu and for Kekauluohi 
m3. 3 Sep 1845 to Lepka (Rebecca)(Chirstian name  of Emma), much 
     younger than Malo. His first two wives were older than he was. 
     Daughter 'Aalaiao (also had Christian name Emma) 
     He wrote once from Puako, Hawaii (he frequently returned to 
     Hawaii to visit) 
1846? some of his land confiscated without notice because of 
     foreigners in government buying land. 
1847 refered to as Kavika or David Malo was ill and was encourage to 
     write about Hawaiian history.  Maybe this was the start of 
     "Moolelo Hawaii" (Hawaiian Traditions or Hawaiian History" 
     He had a scribe in Keokea, Kula 
1847 he wanted to end his mission work in Ukumehame, Kealia, Kalae, 
     and Oloalu (or Olowalu) 
1848 He reported his schools had died. 
1851 He had been in district 2 years, eleven months and wanted to 
     return to his birthplace in Napoopoo in Kahuloa, Kona ("'aina 
     hanau aloha" 
2 Sep 1852 ordained a minister and installed at Keokea, Kula, Maui. 
     He was the third Hawaiian ordained after James Kekela and 
     Pua'aiki.  (JRD:  His ordination and installation at the church 
     in Keokea, Kula was reported in The Polynesian on September 18, 
     1852 p.74, Col.3.) 
10 Apr 1853 with Rev. Green's assistance he baptised 115 new members. 
     He was able to convert papists (Roman Catholics) in Kamaole. 
     He had problems with his wife and with Rev. Conde who ordered him 
     away from Honuaula. 
1852/3 letters from Kalepolepo mention problems with Lepeka and her 
     adulterous activity in Lahaina while visiting her grandmother. 
     He suggested being released from the ministry. 
21 Oct 1853 he died and is buried at Paupau Hill (Mt. Ball) above 
     Lahaina.  Rebecca wrote a kanikau for David which ended "Your 
     profound book shall have a place in this world." 
     (JRD: His death at Lahaina was reported in The Polynesian on 
     November 5, 1853.  It noted that he was age 60 and was born at 
     Keauhou, in the Kona district.  That he was connected early in 
     life with Chief Kuakini (Gov. Adams).  He didn't learn to speak 
     English, due to his advanced age.  About 16 or 17 years before, 
     he had planted cotton and and had woven cloth, under the 
     direction of Mrs. Richards and Mrs. Ogden, for his own suit.) 


David Malo 1793-1853 from- 
(2) Three Early Christian Leaders of Hawaii, 1946 by Oscar E. Maurer, 
D.D.  This is about a) Bartimea Lalana Puaaiki, b) David Malo, and 3) 
James Hunnewell Kekela. 
David Malo, Hawaiian Preacher of Social Righteousness. 
1793  born at Keauhou, North Kona, HI to Aoao and Heone. 
      His father had been soldier in the army of Kamehemeha I and 
      attached to the king's retinue.  David was in close association 
      Kamehameha's favorite chief Auwai who was versed in Hawaiian 
      traditions and customs.  Early in life he was taken into the 
      family of Chief Kuakini, Governor Adams, borther of Queen 
m1. on Hawaii to A'alaiona, a widow of chiefish blood, who died 
      without children. 
1823  moved to Lahaina where he met Rev. Willaim Richards. 
m2.   in Lahaina with Christian ceremony to Pahia, also of chiefish 
      blood, who also died without children. 
m2.   Lahaina Lepeka, or Rebecca, a young woman from Lahaina. 
      they had a daughter names A'alaioa after his first wife. 
Malo never acquired freedom in English but read avidly every thing he 
      could in Hawaiian. 
Malo was asked to review Rev. Richards translation of Matthew 
1828  Malo confessed his faith in Christ, taking the name David in 
      baptism at the Lahaina church. 
1825  Queen Regent. Kaahumanu, professed the Christian faith, and 
      joined the church in Honolulu. 
1827  formal legislation by the chiefs providing the death penalty for 
      murder and and imprisonment in irons for theft and adultery. 
1829  the king proclaimed that the laws of the country prohibit, 
      murder, theft, adultery, fornication, retailing ardent spirits, 
      amusements on the Sabbath, and gambling. 
1831  entered the Mission High School in Lahainaluna. 
1832  Queen Kaahumanu died.  Malo wrote a threnody in his grief and 
      veneration for her.  It was translated by C.J. Lyons. 
Late 1830's he grew cotton, had a spinning wheel and loom and made his 
      own cloth.  He also crew sugar and had a primitive sugar mill 
      and mage excellent molasses. 
Malo wrote a biography of Kamehameha I but it disappeared, possibly 
      for reasons of state. 
He rewrote "The History of Hawaii", "Ka Mo'oolelo Hawaii" which he and 
      other pupils at Lahainaluna had done.  Later expanding it into 
      "Hawaiian Antiquities".  Later translated into English by Dr. N. 
      B. Emerson. 
1838  Malo wrote in Hawaiian "Some Instructions About the Great Things 
      in the Word of God".  2000 copies.  Republished in 1861 and 
1839, 1842 Malo was influentioal in drawing up the first 
1842  Preface to the Constitution states that several of the laws were 
      written by Malo. 
1841  he was appointed General School Agent for Maui after the 
      adoption of a law providing public schools.  He was also made 
      the Superintendant in charge of all other agents. 
Became the Minister of Education after the establishment of the 
      constitution government. 
1842  he was a member of the executive committee of the Temperance 
      Society of Lahaina, of which Kamehameha III, was the honorary 
1843  Malo was Sheldon Dibble's chief collaborator in "The History of 
      the Sandwich Islands" 
1844  Dr. D. Baldwin reported to the Sandwich Islands Mission that he 
      Malo was probably the most efficient school superintendant in 
      all the islands. 
He was a true patriot and stood up for what he thought was right.  He 
      opposed the oppresiveness of some chiefs.  He warned against the 
      corrupting influence of foreigners and depending too much on 
      their selfish counsel.  He didn't include the missionionaries in 
      his warnings.  He had some of his land confiscated with out 
      notice or opportunity to appeal due to his outspokeness. 
1844  Malo is licensed to preach by the Hawaiian Association of 
      American Mininsters 
1846  He served in the House of Representatives 
1848  The Great Mehele divided the kings land between the king and the 
      chiefs.  The the king divided his land between himself and the 
      people (government).  Malo supported individual ownership of 
1849  the Privy Council set up the Kuleana or land ownership system. 
1852  September 2nd Malo was ordained and installed at Keokea church 
      in the Kula district on Maui.  He lived at the seaside village 
      of Kalepelepo. 
He erected a stone meeting house. 
Like his fellow minister Bartimea he was not to continue long as a 
      settled pastor. 
1853  October 21 he died after being extremely depressed and refusing 
      to eat due to the unfaithfulness of his young third wife.  He is 
      buried at Pa'upau'u, Mt. Ball, above Lahaina. 
"Many of his predictions which seemed pessimistic at the time they 
      were made, have come true.  But his efforts for righteousness 
      and justice have borne fruit and will continue to do so, for 
      that kind of seed does not die." 

David Malo 1793-1853 from- 
(3) Hawaiian Kingdom, 3 volumes, by Ralph S. Kuykendall
Vol.  I 1778-1854, publ.1957
Vol. II 1854-1874, publ.1966
Vol.III 1874-1893, publ.1967 

     In Vol.  I 1778-1854, publ.1957 
Abbreviations: AH=Archives of Hawaii.  F.O. & Ex.= Foreign Office and 
Executive file. 
Chapter 1:  Introduction:  A Glimpse of Ancient Hawaii 
p.8*    Note 7.  David Malo, Hawaiian Antiquties (Moolelo Hawaii), 
translated from the Hawiian by Dr. N. B. Emerson, with notes by the 
translator (Honolulu, 1903), 186-210.  There are references to the 
arrival and departure of the god (obviously referring to the makahiki 
god) and to boxing and other sports which began just after the god's 
departure, in the diary of Francisco de Paula Marin (translated 
extracts made by R. C. Wyllie, in AH), under the dates Dec. 10, 29, 
1811, Oct. 19, 26, Nov. 27, 1812, Nov. 5, 7, 9, 27, 1814, Dec. 3, 4, 
1817, Nov. 21, 1818. 
p.9*    "At the top of the social scale were the alii or chiefs, a 
highly privileged class.  Closely associated with them were the 
priets.  Below the chiefs were the mass of the people, collectively 
called the makaainana, those who lived on the island.  David Malo 
describes the relationship between the common people and the chiefs: 
  "The condition of the common people was that of subjection to the 
chiefs, compelled to do their heavy tasks, burdened and oppressed, 
some even to death.  The life of the people was one of patient 
endurance, of yielding to the chiefs to purchase their favor. . . . 
It was from the common people, however, that the chiefs received their 
food and their apparel for men and women, also their houses and many 
other things.  When the chiefs went forth to war some of the commoners 
also went out to fight on the same side with them. . . .  It was the 
makaainanas also who did all the work on the land; yet all they 
produced from the soil belonged to the chiefs;  and the power to expel 
a man from the land and rob him of his possessions lay with the 
chief.(10)" . . . "This lessened the danger of rebebellion." 
        Note 10.  Malo, op. cit., 87-88.  It may be noted, however, 
that the people were not serfs and were not bound to the soil, but 
could and sometimes did transfer from the service of one chief to that 
of another. 
Chapter III:  Kamehameha and the Founding of the Kingdom 
p.52*   ".... The usual procedure was for the king to select and 
retain such lands as he desired for his own use and enjoyment and to 
divide the rest among his great chiefs, who would then hold it by a 
kind of revocable feudal tenure.  The chiefs followed a similiar 
course with the lands assigned to them; and thus the scale descended 
from the king to the great chiefs, from great chiefs to lesser ones, 
and finally reached the lowest rank, the tenant-commoners who 
cultivated the soil. David Malo, in his account of the old Hawaiian 
civil polity, makes the following statement:  "The largest districts 
were not generally assigned to the highest chiefs."(70)" 
        Note 70. Malo, Hawaiian Antiquities, 257. 
Chapter VIII:  The Early Years of the Reign of Kamehameha III: 
Regency of Kaahumanu 
p.126   Three laws were enacted in 1827 against murder, theft, and 
        "This was the beginning of formal legislation by the Hawaiian 
chiefs.  The contemparary chroniclers considered it a matter of great 
significance that they had made a start in this important business. 
The chiefs met again in June, 1828, but we have no record of what was 
accomplished.  It was intimated that Kaahumanu had difficulty in 
bringing the other chiefs to task, and one report says they referred 
the business to David Malo who declined to take upon himself the 
        Note 32.  Chamberlain Journal, June 5, 1828. 
Chapter X:  The Birth of  Constitutional Government 
p.153   "The repeated buffetings by the foreign officers and ships of 
war, to which the king and chiefs were subjected ...." 
        "....  In the same month in which Peirce wrote the words 
quoted above, David Malo expressed, in a letter to Kinau, some 
thoughts which recent happenings had awakened in his mind: 
  "I have been thinking that you ought to hold frequent meetings with 
all the chiefs . . . to seek for that which will be of the greatest 
benefit to this country;  you must not think that this is anything 
like olden times, that you are the only chiefs and can leave things as 
they are. . . .  This is the reason.  If a big wave comes in, large 
fishes will come from the dark Ocean which you never saw before, and 
when they see the small fishes they will eat them up; such also is the 
case with large animals, they will prey on the smaller ones.  The 
ships of the white man have come, and smart people have arrived from 
the great countries which you have never seen before, they know our 
people are few in number and living in a small country; they will eat 
us up, such has always been the case with large countries, the small 
ones have been gobbled up. . . .  God has made known to us through the 
mouths of the men of the man-of-war things that will lead us to 
prepare ourselves . . . Therefore get your servant ready who will help 
you when you need him."(2) 
        Note 2.  D. Malo to Kaahumanu II (Kinau) and Mataio 
(Kekuanaoa), Aug. 18, 1837, AH, F.O. & Ex. 
p.157   "But the minds of the king and chiefs had been prepared for 
further change by various influences which may be mentioned briefly. 
First in importance, perhaps, was the general enlightenment resulting 
from the teaching of the missionaries and from the contact with 
foreigners.  Especially important was the education of young 
Hawaiians, both chiefs and commoners, at Lahainaluna and elsewhere, 
such men as Daniel Ii, John Ii, Timothy Haalilio, David Malo, Boaz 
Mahune, and others.  These young men became companions and advisers to 
the king and the older chiefs.  Malo has been already several times 
mentioned. ..."   This was in context of leading up to a 
Constitutional Government in 1840. 
Chapter XV:  The Land Revolution 
p.259   "....  As early as January, 1845, Commissioner Brown reported 
hearing of dissatisfaction amoung the native population on account of 
so many offices being filled by naturalized foreigners.(131)  In April 
a petition was gotten up by the people of Lahaina and this was 
followed by others during the summer.(132)  In the early part of June, 
Dr. Dwight Baldwin wrote from Lahaina to Richards: 
   "But what strange doings have you had at Oahu?  Something seems to 
have stirred the natives to the bottom.  Perhaps in consequence of 
what natives said who came up from Oahu, (I think that must have been 
the moving cause) there has been a meeting here & is to be another 
today to draw up a petition to the National Council.  I know not what 
was done at the meeting -- nor what is to be done today -- but I am 
told the object is to bring about "no haole rulers."  The natives 
requested me to appoint the meeting -- but I excused myself, saying it 
was a political meeting, very proper for them to engage in -- but our 
work was more exclusively with the Gospel."(133) 
        The petitioners prayed the king to dismiss all the naturalized 
foreigners whom he had appointed to be officers of the kingdon.  "We 
wish your chiefs to hold offices under you, as did their fathers under 
Kamehameha I your father."  If it be necessary to have the aid of 
foreigners, let them be employed as advisers, without being 
naturalized, and then dismissed when the need is past. 
   "We do not wish that foreigners be allowed to take the oath of 
allegiance and become Hawaiians." 
   "... if this kingdom is to be ours, what is the good of filling the 
land with foreigners?... What will be the end of these numerous cases 
of the oath of allegiance being taken by foreigners?  This, in our 
opinion; to give up this kingdom to them, and to give it up quickly, 
   "We do not wish you to sell another piece of land in your kingdom 
to foreigners." 
   "Foreigners come here with their property in dollars; they are 
prepared to buy the land; but we have no property, a people unprepared 
are we; the native man is palsied like a man long ailing in his back. 
we have lived under the rulers, expecting to do according to their 
wish, and not after our own notions; and for this cause we are not 
ready to be set adrift to strive with the foreigners... If a good 
thing, let the coming of foreigners into this country be delayed for 
ten more years perhaps, and let there be given to us lands with the 
understanding that they are to be cultivated and have cattle raised 
upon them, and so perhaps we shall lose our present palsy, and it will 
be good perhaps to encourage foreigners to enter the country." 
        A movement like this could not be ignored.  The king took 
notice of it by appointing three commissioners to visit Lahaina, which 
seemed to be the center of the agitation, to find out what influences 
were back of it.  The government believed that disaffected foreigners 
had incited the natives to draw up the petitions, but the 
investigation failed to disclose any such foreign influence, if there 
had been any.(134)  It was ascertained that David Malo had been active 
in promoting the movement, and he was persuaded to take a different 
p.290*  "....  The petitions of 1845 indicate that there must have 
been a considerable number of the common people who thought it would 
be a good plan to try the haole's way of managing these matters.  In a 
letter written in the summer of 1846, David Malo said: 
   "I believe it best that at this time, the people should own lands 
as they do in foreign lands; they [the people in foreign lands] work 
all the harder knowing they own the land, and very likely it is the 
reason why they love their country; and why they do not go to other 
places and perhaps that is the reason why they are great farmers." 
        Note 84.  Malo to Richards, June 2, 1846, AH, P.O. & Ex. 
p.292*  "... Richard Armstrong, who had become minister of public 
instruction in 1848 after the death of Richards, wrote to his 
   "The government has lately granted fee simple titles to all the 
natives ...."(92) 
        Note 92. Armstrong to Chapman, Jan. 15 1850, Armstrong 
"David Malo, in conversation with Rev. J. S. Green, declared that the 
"Resolutions of the Privy council relating to the Kuleana ainas had 
afforded him much satisfaction, ... and inspired him with hope of 
seeing better days."(93)" 
        Note 93.  Polynesian, May 11, 1850. 
p.335-367 Chapter XVII: Religious and Educational Development 
p.339   "About 1841 the mission began the practice of licensing 
natives to preach, placing upon them the care of small congregations, 
but keeping each of them more or less under the supervision of one of 
the missionaries.  The earliest to be so licensed was Puaaiki ("Blind 
Bartimeus"), who preached to a congregation at Honuaula, Maui.(15)" 
   "Note 15.  Missionary Hearld, official organ of the ABCFM published 
in Boston, XXXVIII (1842), 473; XL (1844), 145-147; H. Bingham, 
Bartimeus of the Sandwich Islands (New York, no date)." 
"The second was David Malo, who was licensed in 1843.(16)" 
   "Note 16. MH, XL (1844), 9; XLI (1845), 312; Minutes of General 
Meeting, 1844, p.27.  The evidence seems to indicate that Malo was 
licensed in 1844 by one of the missionaries on Maui and that he 
received a more formal license in 1844 by action of the Hawaiian 
Associantion, and ecclesiastical organization of all the 
"Up to the middle of 1848 nine natives had been regularly licensed to 
preach.(17)  But it was not until 1849 that a native Hawaiian was 
formally ordained to the ministry and installed as pastor of an 
independent church.  James Kekela was so ordained on December 21, 
1849, becoming the pastor of a small church at Kahuku, Oahu.(18) 
During the next year two others were ordained: Samuel Kauwealoha, 
installed as pastor at Kaanapali, Maui; and Stephen Waimalu, installed 
as pastor at Waianae, Oahu.(19)  In September, 1852, David Malo was 
ordained and installed as pastor of the church at Keokea, Maui.(20)" 
   "Note 20. Minutes of General Meeting, 1853, p.11; Polynesian, Sept. 
18, 1852." 
Sub section: Government Common Schools, 1840-1846 
p.347/8  In 1840 "a law was enacted providing for a national system of 
common schools to be supported by the government."  ...  It "required 
that a school should be maintained in every community where there were 
fifteen or more children of suitable age ...."  ...  "No one could be 
a teacher unless he had received a certificate from the teachers of 
the Lahainalunu high school or from the general school agent ...." 
"The law provided that there should be appointed annually by the 
legislature one "general school agent" (kahukula)(39) for each of the 
five principal islands, and that there should be similarly appointed 
one superintendent (luna) of the whole.  The duties of the general 
school agents were to superintend, manage, and provide for the 
teachers, to encourage them and their pupils, to grant certificates to 
teachers, to be the judges of the school law, and to report to the 
superintendent their various acts and the results of their 
observations.  It was the duty of the superintendent to report to the 
legislature at its annual meeting.(40)" 
p.348   "On May 11, 1841, the legislature appointed the general school 
agent for the ensuing year, as follows: for Oahu, John Ii; for Kauai, 
Papohaku; for Molokai, Kanakaokai; for Maui, David Malo; for Hawaii, 
Kanakaahuahu.  It was also voted that David Malo should be in charge 
of all the general school agents; Malo therefore became the first 
superintendent of schools of the Hawaiian kingdon and continued to 
serve in that capacity at least until the middle of 1845.(41)  An 
"Additional School Law" enacted in 1842, provided that there should be 
two general school agents on the island of Hawaii, and fixed the 
salaries of all the general school agents; those on Hawaii, Maui, and 
Kauai were to receive $35 a year, the one on Oahu was to receive $30, 
and the one on Molokai, $25. (42)" 
"Note 41.  Journal of the Legislature, May 11, 1841, May 12, 1842, 
April 26, 1843, May 26. July 10,11,1845.  See also my note on David 
Malo in 40 HHS Report, 35-36 and my article on Malo in Hawaii 
Educational Review XXI, 79-80 (Nov. 1932).  In the English version of 
the Journal of the Legislature the general school agents are called 
"School Inspectors."" 
p.349  "The law of May 21, 1841, put the Catholics and Protestants on 
substantially the same footing so far as the schools were concerned. 
.... ... The general school agents were all Protestants, and the head 
of the system, David Malo, was zealous in opposing the spread of 
Catholicism.  The Protestant missionary at Hana, Maui, wrote in 
November 1842:  "There are several intelligent native Christians who 
do much to keep Romanism in check ... None perhaps is more active in 
the respect than David Malo....  He is general agent for all the 
schools of this island; and the duties of his office render it 
necessary for him to travel considerably from place to place....  His 
influence is very manifest in preventing the children and youth from 
going over to popery, and in keeping them in their respective 
schools....  The priests find in him a powerful enemy, and are 
therefore very bitter in their complaints against him.(46)" 
"Note 46. Yzendoorn, op.cit., 165." 
"Note 25. Fr. Reginald Yzendoorn, History of the Catholic Mission in 
the Hawaiian Islands, 147, 152." 
p.351 "On its face, the school law placed the responsibility for the 
establishment and amangement of the schools upon the general school 
agents appointed by the legislature and the local school committees 
elected by the parents.  Now for the first time the people as a whole 
were required to send their children to school and to bear the cost of 
their education.  In its terms, the law was mandatory, but like other 
laws it could not be fully enforced against an unwilling or 
indifferent populace.  It was part of the work of the general school 
agents to convince the people of the justice and desireability of 
carrying on the schools in this way.  Malo and his associates worked 
faithfully, but the most effective influence in keeping up the school 
system was the interest manifested by the missionaries, both 
Protestant and Catholic.  With their aid and encouragement, the 
schools were revivied and for a few years went along rather 
     Then they began to droop again; it became clear that Malo, 
intelligent and active as he was, lacked some of the important 
qualifications and in particular the training and experience which 
were indispensible for the successful administration of a national 
school system.  One of the missionaries, writing from Lahaina in May, 
1845, remarked, "I must again express my conviction, that no Hawaiian 
is yet competent to superintend a system of education."(52)" .... "By 
1845 the inadequacy of the system was clearly apparent." 
   "Note 52. D. Baldwin to Richards, May 26, 1845, original in HMCS 
   "... organic acts adopted in 1845 and 1846 provided a new set-up 
for the school system." 
p.353 "William Richards was appointed mininster of public 
instruction.  His commission was dated April 13, 1846...." 
p.354 "Richards ... death on November 7, 1847."  "... Rev. Richard 
Armstrong ... pastor of Kawaiahao Church in Honolulu ... agreed to 
assist the work ... December 6, 1847 , until June 7, 1848, when he 
finally accepted the appointment as mininster of public instruction." 
     In Vol. II 1854-1874, publ.1966, nothing listed in the index. 
     In Vol.III 1874-1893, publ.1967, nothing listed in the index. 

(4) David Malo 1793-1853 - Fourth Ordained Native Hawaiian Minister

David Malo has a place in the earliest ordained native Christian 
ministers in Hawaii. 
     In Na Kukui Pio 'Ole, The Inextinguishable Torches:, biographies 
of Three Early Native Hawaiian Scholars, Davida Malo, S.N. Hale'ole  
and S.M. Kamakau, by Malcolm Naca Chun it says that he was licensed to  
preach in 1844 and ordained and installed in Keokea in 1852.  That he  
was the third Hawaiian ordained, after James Kekela and Pua'aiki.  
     Then see Three Early Christian Leaders of Hawaii, 1946 by Oscar 
E. Maurer, D.D.  This is about a) Bartimea Lalana Puaaiki, b) David  
Malo, and 3) James Hunnewell Kekela.  In the article on James Kakela  
it says that he was ordained and installed as pastor of the Kahuku  
church on Oahu on 21 Dec 1849.  He was the first Hawaiian to be  
ordained.  In the article on blind Bartimaeus it said that he joined  
10 July 1825, 1839 ordained as deacon or elder in Wailuku, 1842  
licensed to preach after many years of preaching, 1843 commissioned as  
evangelist in the Honuaula district, and died in 1843.  In the article  
on Malo in 1828 he joined the church in Lahaina, 1844 he was licensed  
to preach and on 2 Sep 1852 he was ordained and installed at Keokea,  
     In the Hawaiian Kingdom, Vol.I, 1778-1854, 1957 by Ralph S. 
Kuykendall on page 339 he says that in 1841 the mission began to  
license natives to preach at a small congregation and keeping them  
under the care of a missionary.  The earliest was Puaakiki ("Blind  
Bartimeus") who preched at Honuaula, Maui.  The second was David Malo  
in 1843 by the local missionary and by the Hawaiian Association in  
1844.  Up to 1948 nine had been licensed.  In 1849 James Kekela was  
ordained at Kahuku, Oahu.  In the next two years there was Samuel  
Kauwealoha ordained at Kaanapali, Maui and Stephen Waimalu at Waianae,  
Oahu.  In 1852 David Malu at Keokea, Maui.  In 1854 A. Kaukau to  
succeed Kauwealoha at Kaanapali and Moses Kuaea in Hauula, Oahu. Three  
of these, Kekela, Kauwealoha, and Kaukau later went at missionaries to  
the Marquesas Islands.  
     From the minutes of the American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions I found:  
James Kakela ord.12/21/49 Kahuku, Oahu, 1853 to Fatuhiwa, Marquesas I.  
Samuel Kauweloha ord. 1851 Kaanapali, 1853 to Fatuhiwa, Marquesas I.  
Stephen Waimalu ord. 9/25/1851 Waianae, Oahu  
David Malo ord. 9/2/1852 Keokea, Maui  
J. Kaukau ord. 4/1854 Kaanapali, Maui  
     In 1846 the minutes start to mention 1 Native Preacher, in 1847 1  
Native Preacher, 4 licensed.  In 1848 terminology changed from Native  
Preacher to Native Pastor.  1849 back to using Native Preacher.  1850  
we start to see Hawaiian pastor's names and ordination years and dates  
sometimes and other indications still of Native Preachers.  1851 we 
see added the term Native Helper. 
     The Hawaiian Evangelical Association minutes started about 1851 
and the first minister's names I saw were in 1858.  
     So Malo was the fourth ordained native pastor, not counting 
     Many Hawaiians were motivated to share what they knew about 
Christ, but they hadn't passed the standards that the missionaries  
wanted to call them licensed preachers or ordained pastors.  So they  
just went out and preached on their own.  I think that is what the  
Native Preacher/Pastor terminology meant.  
     Puaaiki is buried in the cemetery near the corner of Main and  
High on the property of Kaahumanu Church in Wailuku.  

David Malo 1793-1853 from- 
(5) Hawaiian State Archives from ALLEN.W.HOOF @ HAWAII.GOV on 7/28/03.
     We found, that Malo's daughter from her obituary in the Hawaiian 
Gazette, that she was born in 1846 and died on Oahu in 1886.  Her 
husband was Hon. John M.Kapena, 1843-1887.
     He was prominent in government.  He was a member of the Privy Council, 
1863-1874; a circuit court judge 1873-1874; Governor of Maui, 1874-1876; a 
member of the House of Nobles, 1876-1886; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
1878-1880; and Special Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan, 
     He married Emma in 1863 and they had one daughter, Leihulu, in 1868.  
This information is from his obituary in the Pacific Commercial (now 
Honolulu) Advertiser. 
     Our index searches failed to find any reference to a marriage record 
for him, or his daughter, or David or Rebecca Malo.
     The obituary for John M. Kapena was on page 2, column 4 of the Pacific 
Commercial Advertiser of October 24, 1887.
     Emma's Obituary appeared in the April 20, 1886 issue of the Hawaiian 
Gazette.  Our index does not cite a page or column.  There was also an 
obituary in the May, 1886 number of the Friend, page 12, column 3. 

David Malo 1793-1853 from- 
(6) US Census for HI 1900-1930

1900 Census - Hawaii (ages and sequence unknown) - MALO from Ancestry.Com
1900 None 

1910 Census - Hawaii (ages and sequence unknown) - MALO from Ancestry.Com
1910 David Malo on Hawaii in Hilo Vol.3 p.005 
       with Dinah, Lilia, and Rosina 
1910 Kahauanui Malo on Hawaii in N.Kohala Dist., Vol.1, p.089 
       with Kalua and Keahunui (but who is the head?) 

1920 United States Census - Hawaii - MALO from Ancestry.Com
1920 David K. Malo age 50 on Hawaii in S.Hilo ED113 p.53B 
       with Lucy 31, John K. 12, Lilia (f) 8, Kalawaia (m) 6, 
       Elena 5, David K.,Jr. 4, and Lucy 1 3/12. 

1930 United States Federal Census - Hawaii - MALO from Ancestry.Com
1930 David Malo age 77 (1852) in Hilo 
       with Rose 15, Diana 14, David 13, Kanikina (f) 12, and Peter 5 
1930 David Malo in Hilo age 13 (1916) - father is David above 
1930 William K. Malo age 28 in Honolulu 
       with Mary K. 26, William K. 7, David K. 5, Stanley 4 6/12, 
       Pearl K. 3 5/12, and George K. 5/12. 
1930 David K. Malo in Honolulu age 5 (1924) - father is William above. 
1930 Mahana Malo (m) 55 of Kalawao  (Territorial Leprossiam) 
       with Pua (f) wife 44 

(7) Honolulu, Hawaii Directory, 1890 - Ancestry.Com
  John K.	Honokohau, Maui, farmer
  John		P.O.Box Honokohau, Honokohau, Maui
  -		Hana, Maui, laborer		
  -		Wailalua, Honolulu, laborer
  -		Maemae nr Nuuanu, Honolulu, laborer
  Naiwi		Smith, Honolulu, laborer
  -		Halaula, Hawaii, teamster
  S.		Puohae, Hawaii, laborer
  Likeke	Waimea, Kauai & Nihau

(7) US Census for HI 1900-1920 - Ancestry.Com
  Keawe		1900 Hamakua District, Hawaii,  Vol.1 p.092
  Waialua	1900 Hamakua District, Hawaii,  Vol.1 p.092
  Maria		1900 Honolulu  ED14, p.157
  NoName	1900 Honolulu  ED14, p.157
  Richard	1900 Honolulu  ED14, p.157
  Jr.		1900 N. Eva Point, Honolulu Co., ED29, p.006
  Rose		1900 N. Eva Point, Honolulu Co., ED29, p.006

  Poopuu	1910 Waialua, Honolulu Co.,  Vol.12, p.174
  John		1910 Honolulu  Vol.7, p.010
  Katie		1920 age 33, S. Kona, Hawaii, ED136, p.2A

(7) Family Search.Com
  Leihulu     b.1868 Lahaina, d. 5 Jan 1930
  m. Unknown	- no kids
  dau. of John Makini KAPENA and Emma MALO

(7) US Census for HI 1900-1920 - Ancestry.Com 
All Leilulu's
AKI		1900 Honolulu, Oahu, ED^, p.164
HOOLAPA		1900 N.Kohala Dist., Hawaii, Vol.2, p.051
KALAWA		1900 N.Kohala Dist., Hawaii, Vol.1, p.072
KAOHIAI		1910 Laie, Honolulu Co., Vo.12, p.049
KEKONA		1900 Lahaina Dist, Maui, Vol.8, p.079
MAMO		1920 age 20, Honolulu, Honolulu Co., ED49, p.78
MOKUOHAI	1910 South Kona, Hawaii, p.075
MOKUOHAI	1920 age 13, S.Kona, Hawaii, ED105, p.26A
PAAKAULA, Ana L.1910 Honolulu Vol.4, p.003
PIHO		1920 age 56, Ewa, Honolulu, ED55, p.2A (so b.1873/4) (maybe?)
STEVENS		1910 Hawi Camp, Hawaii p.103
*** Need to go to San Bruno and search Soundex to these years.

(7) Internet site on Hawaiian Newspapers - Listing Ke Au Okoa, editor 
was John M. Kapena, and listed his parents as Makini and Naawa::

Esther K. Mookini
Topgallant Publishing Company, Ltd.

In 1865 appeared Ke Au Okoa , which lasted eight years and then merged
with Ka Nupepa Kuokoa . This newspaper was much like Ka Hoku o ka Pakipika
in content and general presentation. They both carried Foreign and local
news, translated stories, meles, and letters to the editor. Ke Au Okoa
was sponsored by the government and in 1867 objected to annexation saying:
"suspicions have entered our minds that the benefits would not be for the
mass of the people but for a few" (Kuykendall 2:213, 226). In its last 
three years Ke Au Okoa was edited by John Makini Kapena, 1843-1887, the 
only son of Makini and Naawa, high chiefess related to King Kalakaua and 
adopted by his uncle, the Hon. Iona Kapena. He attended the Royal School 
and Oahu College. In 1863 he married Emma Malo, the only child of David 
Malo. He worked on a rice plantation, then from 1870 to 1873 was the editor
of Ke Au Okoa (Pacific Commercial Advertiser, October 24, 1887:2). From 
1873 until his death in 1887 he held high government positions: member of 
the Privy Council and the House of Nobles, Governor of Maui, Minister of 
Foreign Affairs, and Special Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan. 
He was considered a Hawaiian scholar of marked ability and a diligent 
student of Hawaiian literature (Pacific Commercial Advertiser , October 
24, 1887:2).

(8) Malo wives
From: Pakisepa Pahia shown 
in Wainahona Aina Samples under ahupua`a search under claim #06659.
JRD: This is the only time I have found this given name.  I saw 
Batesepa or Bathsheba in "Inextinquishable Torch".   

(9) 1920 Ewa, Honolulu Co., Oahu, ED55, p.2A - Ancestry.Com
Kuaiwa AUMU or NAMU	38
Kalehu			30
Poai (male)		10
Anna			 5
Kikilia (female)	 4
Libeka (female)		 1 1/2
Leihulu PIHO		56    mother-in-law     (maybe?
Ben      "		10    brother-in-law

(9) US Census for HI 1900-1930 - Ancestry.Com
  W.S.		1900 Wailuku, Maui, ED106, p.237
  Annie		1900 Wailuku, Maui, ED106, p.237
  Keaupemi	1900 Wailuku, Maui, ED106, p.237
  William D. 	1910 Ulapalakua, Maui, p.284
  Annie		1910 Ulapalakua, Maui, p.284
  Leihulu (56)	1920 Ewa, Honolulu, ED55, p.2A
  Ugaio (31)	1920 Makawao, Maui, ED93, p.2A
  Mary (13)	1930 Koloa, Kauai (niece)
  Isaiah (12) 	1930 Wailuku, Maui (grandson)

(10) Leihulu's husband?  
Ethnology Database
Artifact Number: 1925.002.001
Object:          Ahuula  Cape
Material:        Feather, plant (olona) 
This ahuula was originally owned by David & Kamaa Malo. It was passed on to 
their daughter Emma Kapena, who left it to Leihulu Clark, her daughter. Leihulu 
left it to her husband Henry Clark, who passed it on to his mother, Mrs. C. 
Clark. Mrs. Clark then passed it onto W.F. Dillingham. It is made up of red 
iiwi (Vestiaria coccinea) and black and yellow oo (Moho spp.) feathers. It has 
a background of yellow oo. A large crescent of red iiwi fills the central 
position. An elaborate design of triangles and curves done in red iiwi and 
black and yellow oo fill the neckline and front edges. Its net backing is made 
up of olona (Touchardia latifolia) fiber. 
This object is associated with Malo and Walter F. Dillingham 
Origin:          Hawaii, Polynesia
Collection Name:  
 2006, Bishop Museum. All Rights Reserved.
All media are for the personal use of students, scholars and the public. Any 
commercial use or publication of them is strictly prohibited.

     Need help with MALO, KAPENA in HI.  
Who were his ancestors?
Want to trace and contact descendants. 

     Any help would be appreciated.
James R. Davis, 6708 Austin Way, Sacramento, CA 95823   (916)-393-9186

JRD's Surname Index ... Hawaiian Missionaries ...

Prepared: 8/06/03. . Updated 7/03/06.
To exchange info please contact me at:
James R. Davis, 6708 Austin Way, Sacramento, CA 95823 . . (916)-393-9186
or for my latest E-mail address see: JRD's Addresses
Go to the Beginning, End or to Hawaiian Missionaries (Genealogical Query by JRD).