born was born about 1597 in England, based on his estimated date of marriage,
and died between 21 December 1666 when his will was made, and 13 February
1666/1667 when it was probated, in Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts.
He immigrated about 1630 to Boston, where he became an innkeeper.
On 4 March 1633/1634, Gov. Winthrop reported that "Samuel Cole set up the
first house for common entertainment...." He married Anne
and in the fall of 1630 they were admitted to the Boston church as members
#42 and #43. She died about 1647. [See
Robert Charles Anderson's The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to
New England 1620-1633 (Vol. 1), pp. 430-5 for more information]. Samuel
and Anne were parents of:
born about 1626 in England, died 1707 in North Kingstown, Washington Co.,
Rhode Island; married 30 December 1651 in Boston, Suffolk Co., Massachusetts,
christened 15 November 1633, Alford, Lincolnshire, England.
John Cole was misrepresented twice in early records. On 5 September 1639 "Samuel Cole of Boston in N.E. g[ent]. placeth John Cole his grandchild apprentice to John Mylan of Boston aforesaid cooper for 7 years" from "1.1.1638." If this were really the grandchild of Samuel Cole, then the latter would have to be a generation older than otherwise required by the evidence, and so the record apparently errs in stating the relation. The marriage records for John Cole calls him "son of Isaac Cole," but the only known Isaac Cole of this early date was of Charlestown, and did not have a son John.
In 1637 Anne Marbury Hutchinson, Susanna's mother, was tried by the General Court of Massachusetts, presided over by Winthrop, on the charge of "traducing the ministers." The trial was a travesty of justice; Hutchinson was found guilty, excommunicated, and banished from the colony. She moved with her husband and family to the island of Aquidneck, now part of Rhode Island, and after his death, she and her younger children settled in what is now Pelham Bay, Bronx, New York.
Hutchinson and five of her children who had accompanied her to New England were killed in an attack by Indians in August 1643, but Susanna, who was about ten years old, was spared. She was carried away by the Indians and remained with them for four years. When a peace agreement was finally reached, she was returned to the Dutch, who still controlled New York. By then she had forgotten her own language and people. Despite the traumatic events of her youth, Susanna apparently made the difficult readjustments and eventually married John Cole of Boston.
John and Susanna were parents of:
born 13 July 1671 in Wickford, Washington Co., Rhode Island, died 17 September
1734 in North Kingstown, Washington Co., Rhode Island; married in 1791
at North Kingstown, Ann
born 1675 in North Kingstown, Washington Co., Rhode Island. Parents
born 1716 in North Kingstown, Washington Co., Rhode Island, died 18 January
1812 in North Kingstown, Washington Co., Rhode Island; married 13 July 1747
in North Kingstown, Squcie
born 23 February 1718/1719 in Jamestown, Rhode Island.
The identity of Squcie Fones, the last child of Martha and Jeremiah Fones, whose birth was recorded without a name is determined from the will of Martha's step-son Capt. Jeremiah Fones, who names his half-sister Squcie Cole, and the will of Martha's son Samuel, who names his sister Squcie Place. Her identity is also established by a deed. In Nov 1745 Thomas Place sold land to Scusie [sic] Place, widow to his brother Samuel Place. Her children Samuel, James and Hannah were named in the probate of the estate of Samuel Place. Her daughter, Squcie Place, was born posthumously.
After Benjamin died, Squcie married Samuel Place.
On 5 May 1747 Daniel Fones was appointed guardian to Samuel Place, Jr., and as the guardian of Samuel Place, Jr., sold the proerty of Samuel Place, Sr., deceased.
In 1760 Benjamin Cole, son of William, and wife Scuse sold land to Jeremiah Hazard.
Benjamin and Squcie were parents of:
born on 18 November 1751 in North Kingstown, Washington Co., Rhode Island;
married on 18 November 1783 in North Kingstown, Patience
"Patty" Martha Wightman,
born 15 May 1759 in North Kingstown, Washington Co., Rhode Island, died
21 December 1841 in Hebron, Washington Co., New York, a descendant of Edward
who was burned at the stake in England by King James I as punishment for
his religious beliefs -- the last man to be so punished in all England.
Benjamin, Jr., enlisted at North Kingstown in the Revolutionary War when he was about 23 years old. The "History of Washington and Kent County, of Rhode Island," by J. B. Cole, states that Benjamin Cole, Jr., was the son of Benjamin and Squse Cole, of North Kingstown, although the date of birth given for him in this source (1759) is incorrect. In his Revolutionary War pension application in 1832, he declared that he was 81 years old, which would place the year of his birth at around 1751, which is in agreement with vital records of North Kingstown, and Benjamin's gravestone record, "Died Oct. 26, 1839, age 87 years, 11 months."
In 1794, Benjamin moved with his family from North Kingstown to Washington Co., New York and settled near
Hebron. He was a wheelwright by trade, and remained in Washington County for some twenty years. In 1803 was recorded the sale by Benjamin and Martha of their land in Rhode Island to their brother-in-law, Stephen Northrup and his son-in-law, Samuel Northrup. According to Kingstown Land Evidence, 1868-1718, where the land transaction is noted, "said Benjamin, Jr. was the son of Benjamin and Squse Cole."
About 1795, Squse Smith and family also moved to Hebron from North Kingstown, Rhode Island. She was the wife of Fones Smith, who had died in North Kingstown before she left. She was a half-sister to Benjamin, Jr., being the daughter of Samuel Place and Squse Fones, who was Benjamin, Jr.'s mother by her second marriage, to Benjamin Cole, Sr. Squse Smith continued to live in Hebron, Washington Co., until she passed away in 1822. She was buried in the tiny Grimes Hill cemetery, north and west of Hebron. Her inscription reads, "In memory of Squse, wife of Fones Smith, died July 20, 1822, in the 78th year of her age."In 1814, they moved to Jefferson County, New York and settled on a farm north of the Town of Adams, near Honeyville. Benjamin and Martha joined the Honeyville Church of Christ, by letter, in 1829, (rebuilt 1838 edifice at right).
Benjamin was blind for many years, and finally had to give up farming, and he and Martha went to live with their son Joseph and his wife Fannie, on a farm near Smithville.
On 21 August 1832, Benjamin Cole, then residing in Jefferson County, made application in the Town of Adams for a pension based on his service performed in the Revolutionary War. He was too frail to make the 12 mile journey from his home to the courthouse, so he sent his representative, Benjamin Wright, to speak for him. He indicated that he participated in no battles, but was the bearer of a letter from the hand of General Lafayette, to Col. Tillinghast, under whom Benjamin was serving at the time. The pension papers were returned at least once, apparently due to some clerical oversight, and there seems to have been some delay in getting the first pension payment to Benjamin, as evidenced by a letter from his representative to the War Department, dated 17 December 1833. However, based on his service of 12 months and 15 days, a Certificate of Pension was issued to Benjamin Cole on 15 May 1833 at the rate of $41.56 commencing 4 March 1831 and payable semi-annually.
Benjamin and Martha lived in Smithville in the Town of Adams for several years. Benjamin died on 26 October 1839. Most accounts say that he died in Adams, Jefferson County, NY, and that Martha took her deceased husband to Hebron, possibly to be buried beside his half-sister (the above-mentioned Squse Smith), and stayed on until her death, so she could be buried there too. There are gravestones for both Benjamin and Martha in Grimes Hill (or Smith) Cemetery, Hebron, Washington Co., New York
However, it would have been most unusual to transport a body from Jefferson to Washington County in 1839. Also, in Martha's application for a widow's pension detailed below, there is a reference to "Benjamin Cole, late of Hebron" that could be interpreted to mean that Benjamin had lived in Hebron just before his death. He had lived there some 25 years earlier, but would that make him "late of Hebron?" On the other hand, if Benjamin could not travel even 12 miles from his home to the courthouse in 1832, then how could he have travelled from Adams all the way to Hebron a few years later? It is possible that the clerk recording the proceedings just assumed that Benjamin Cole was "late of Hebron," and wrote it that way. Landmarks of Oswego County (Syracuse: D. Mason, 1895) contains a "family sketch"of the Coles which says that "Joseph purchased a farm and his parents resided with him until a few years before his [Benjamin's] death, when they went back to their old home in Washington county, where they died. More research is needed into the circumstances and place of Benjamin Cole, Jr.'s death.
Whatever the case, Martha did clearly spend her last years in Washington County, New York. In 1840, she petitioned the court at Salem to have Benjamin's pension paid to her. She stated in her petition that her name previous to her marriage to Benjamin Cole, Jr. was Martha Whitman, and that they were married 18 November 1783, in North Kingstown, Rhode Island. The only known person living who had witnessed the marriage, her sister Sally Reynolds, made a deposition to that effect, but the deposition was destroyed in a fire before it could be forwarded to the Pension Office, and meanwhile Sally Reynolds died. Martha's application was still being rejected as late as 2 February 1841, and she died in December of the same year without ever receiving a widow's pension.
The inscriptions on the tombstones at Grimes Hill Cemetery are as follows:
Children:Benjamin Cole, died 24 October 1841, ae 82 years, 11 mths
"Peace to the Ashes of the Faithful Dead"
Martha Cole, died Dec. 2, 1841, ae 82 years.
"Blessed are the Dead Which Have Died in the Lord."
born on 5 December 1798 in Washington Co., New York, probably in Hebron;
born 1799 or 1800 in Hebron, Washington Co., New York, according to herson
Harrison's death certificate. According to Landmarks of Oswego
County, New York (1895), Joseph and Fannie came to the Town of Adams,
Jefferson Co., New York, in 1818, bringing his parents, Benjamin &
Mary [Martha] with him. Joseph purchased a farm and his parents resided
with him until a few years before his [Benjamin's] death, when they went
back to their old home in Washington County, where they died. On
19 March 1843, at age 43, Fannie died and was buried in Honeyville Cemetery,
Honeyville, Adams, Jefferson Co., New York, with Joseph's brother Valentine
Whitman Cole's family. The inscription on her tombstone says: "My
weeping friends remember me, And you, my children dear, And live to God,
that when you die You may with Christ appear."
Joseph moved to Sandy Creek, Oswego Co., New York, where he bought land. He made several moves in the town, owning different farms. He subsequently married Amanda "Mandy" Eliza Haskins, born 26 June 1808 in Fort Ann, Washington Co., New York. She was sister of Joseph's first wife and widow of Horace Levins Noble of Hannibal, Oswego County -- the town in which her parents resided.
Joseph and Amanda were enumerated in the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses of Sandy Creek as husband and wife. In 1850, Amanda's daughter from her first marriage, Nancy (Noble) Wilcox, was living in the Cole household with her two young children and had apparently returned from Wisconsin recently. 1870 marked the first census year in which the couple lived by themselves. Joseph died that year and Amanda followed him in 1889.
A full list of the children of Joseph Cole has been preserved in a most unlikely source. On 5 November 1905, his son Harrison, who was applying for a pension for Civil War service, was required to provide proof of his birth; since no birth certificate or town vital record existed, he had the local Justice of the Peace, John J. Hollis, examine and testify concerning the contents of the Family Bible belonging to "the late Joseph Cole, father of Harrision Cole." The Justice "found the said Bible printed or dated Cooperstown NY 1828 Published by H G Phinney Publishers. That in or about the center of the said Bible I find recorded the births of the aforesaid Joseph Cole's children named as follows." These records were received at the U.S. Pension Office on 17 November 1905 and today are housed in the pension application file for Harrison H. Cole at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
Honeyville Cemetery, State Road, Adams, New York
|From Left: Three unknown Cole children in one grave; empty lot (prob. intended for Joseph Cole); "Fanna" A., wife of Joseph Cole; David Dewey; Polly Cole; Rachel, dau. of Wightman & Hannah Cole; space (prob. site of Wightman's grave); Hannah, wife of Wightman Cole; Harrison, son of Ebenezer Dewey.|
Children of Joseph Cole & Fannie Haskins (according to a 1905 certified transcript of the Family Bible):
|© Mark A. Wentling, 2000||
Declaration of Benjamin Cole in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress of the 7th of June 1832.
Sate of New York
On the 21st day of August in the year of our Lord 1832 personally appeared before me, Benjamin Wright, Esqr. a judge of the Court of Common Pleas in and for Jefferson County aforesaid, which Court is a Court of Record, Benjamin Cole, a resident of the Town of Adams, in said County and State aged 81 years last November; who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath, make the following declaration, in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the Act of Congress of June 7th, 1832.
That he enlisted in the Army of the United States, in the year 1775 as a private soldier, and served in the North Kingstown Regiment of Rhode Island line, under the following named officers: Brigadier Genl. Greene, Col. Varnam -- given name not recollected -- he [Varnam] was afterward elected Genl. and went west to the Ohio country to fight the Indians -- Lt. Col. Crary, of Exeter, R.I., Brigade Major Box, or ?Boucks?, Adjutant Augustus Mumford -- Company officers, Captain James Gardner, Lieut. Thos. Bisel, Ensign Samuel Bisel, Orderly Sergeant Samuel Eldridge.
That he left the service the first of January 1776, having served 8 months (the term of his enlistment); he enlisted about the 1st of May in the year 1775 aforesaid. That when he enlisted in the service, he resided at North Kingstown, R.I., marched from thence to Boston, Mass. The Regt. pitched [camp] a few days at "Jamaica Plaines," and then at "Winter Hill," from thence to "Prospect Hill Fort," at Boston.
The said Benj. Cole further declares that he served in the Militia of the Revolution the following several terms, to wit, 3 months and afterward, 3 half-months, at different times.
He was called out the following winter, after he left the regular service, as above set forth, and served the United States 3 months in the Militia under Col. ?Racens? [the name is marked with a # symbol referring to a note in the margin which says "perhaps Horatio Sands"], who had charge of the 6 months men afterwards; Capt. William Taylor, Lieut. James Congdon, Ensign Sylvester Sweet, Orderly Sergt. Bowen Card, 2nd Sergt. ?Stowtly? Congdon, 4th. Sergt. Joseph Nortrip -- the company belonged to the division of militia under General Spencer. The applicant says they used to call him "Granny Spencer." He cannot tell the month in which he enlisted, nor in which he was discharged, but recollects the period was 3 months, and that it was in the winter of 1776 and 7. He was stationed at Boston Neck, so called at the time, which was on the sea coast in Rhode Island in North Kingstown, the residence of the applicant during the whole war. The place where the Co. was stationed on duty was about 5 miles from the place of residence of the applicant in the same town.
The Co. to which he belonged during this 3 months was stationed as aforesaid at the South Ferry, near what was ?called? Boston Neck, for a guard, to guard the shores from the British, who had possession of New Port, and the Island of Conanicut.
That the following summer he was [called] out, and set as Captain's guard, one half month, under Captain Wm. Taylor, the man under whom he served 3 months, as above, no Lieut. or Ensign with them. They took the British ship "Tender," during this half month. The "Tender" was a small boat which waited on the British ship "Somerset." They were stationed at the North Ferry, very near the place where they were stationed the 3 months as above.
That the next summer (1778) he was [called] out 1/2 month to keep guard under Capt. Spencer Taylor, a Scotchman, stationed at Newport Town -- was himself a Sergeant at that time. There were a great many ?Tories? at that time in R.I., and there was a great ?commerce? between them and the enemy, who were at New York, and it was necessary to keep guard until Lafayette went away. That he [Benjamin Cole, Jr.] was the bearer of a letter from the hand of General Lafayette, to Col. Tillinghast, the Col. under whom this applicant was serving this 1/2 month. The British sent a flag of truce to New Port (from N.Y.) during this 2nd ½ months service and this applicant went on board the boat that brought it, and ?tarried? overnight.
That after LaFayette left that place, Genl. Sullivan attempted to take possession of R.I., which was in hands of the British, and it was at this time of Sullivan's expedition in the summer of 1778, in August, soon after the 2nd 1/2 months service last above set forth that this applicant served his 3rd and last ½ month in the Revolutionary War. That he was in no battles, nor did he belong to Sullivan's Army directly but was engaged on board of a boat, to wait on Sullivan's Army, and to carry them backwards and forwards, and in case they were unsuccessful, as was the fact, to bring them away, and that he helped transport one load of wounded from the Island to a place in Bristol, to have their wounds dressed; that when he was first called out, his ?land? Capt. was James Eldridge and the reason he was not in the action is that he was requested, with some others, by Capt. Clark to man his boat for the aforesaid purpose.
That he had no written discharge, or documentary evidence, and knows of no person having, whose testimony he can procure, who can testify to his services. He relinquishes every claim whatsoever to a pension or annuity, except the present, and declares that his name is not on the Pension roll of any agency of any State.
Sworn to and subscribed the
We Joshua Freeman a clergyman residing in the Town of Adams aforesaid and Jonathan Felt of the same town hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Benjamin Cole who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration - that we believe him to be 81 years of age; that he is reputed and believed, in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.
And the said Benjamin Wright,
judge as aforesaid, does hereby declare his opinion, after the investigation
of the matter, and after putting the interrogatories proscribed [sic] by
the War Department, that the above named applicant was a Revolutionary
soldier and served as he states; and that he has been blind for several
years and is unable from bodily infirmity from appearing in open court.
That he resides 12 miles distant from the courthouse and it appears that
he cannot be safely carried that distance. And the said Judge further certifies
that it appears to him that Joshua Freeman who has signed the preceding
certificate is a clergyman, resident in the Town of Adams aforesaid, and
that Jonathan Felt who has also signed the same is a credible person and
that their statement is entitled to credit.
I, Peleg Burchard, clerk of Jefferson County, do certify that the Hon. Benjamin Wright, Esq., is a judge of the Court of Common Pleas in aforesaid County, which court is a court of record, and that the signature above annexed is his genuine signature. Witness my hand and the seal of said County. October 22, 1832.
P. Burchard, Clerk of Jeff. Co.
State of New York
At a court held at the courthouse in the Town of Salem in and for the County of Washington before the Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of said County on the last Tuesday of August, 1840.
On this twenty seventh day of August 1840 personally appeared Martha Cole before the Judges of the said Court of Common Pleas held in and for the County of Washington, a resident of the Town of Hebron in the said County of Washington and State of New York, aged 80 years and upwards, who being first duly sworn according to law doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the beneift of the provisions made by the Act of Congress passed July 4, 1836 and the Act passed July 7, 1938, explanatory thereof. That she is the widow of Benjamin Cole who was a solider and pensioner, in the War of the Revolution, as will more fully appear by the pension Certificate of the said Benjamin Cole hereto annexed.
She further declares that she was married to the said Benjamin Cole on the 18th day of November 1783 at North Kingston in the State of Rhode Island by Elder Hill, a Baptist clergyman, then being at that place, and who has been dead for a great number of years, from whom she received a certificate of her said marriage, which has been lost from time and accident as she verily believes, having searched fully the place where the said Certificate was kept amongst her said husband's papers, without finding the same, from which circumstance she is inclined to believe that the same is lost. That there is none of the persons now living to this deponent's knowledge or belief except Sally Reynolds, the sister of the deponent, who witnessed the said marriage as above stated. That her husband the aforesaid Benjamin Cole died on the 26th day of October last, 1839, and that she has remained a widow ever since that period as will more fully appear by the reference of the proof hereto annexed, and that her maiden name previous to her marriage with the said Benjamin Cole was Martha Whitman.
Subscribed and sworn this
In testimony whereof I have
hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of the said court this 27th day
of August 1840.
State of New York
Philo Curtis of the Town of Salem in the said County of Washington being a Counsellor at Law, personally came before me the undersigned Justice of the Peace of said County, a person to me well known and who is entitled to full credit for truth and veracity, who being first duly sworn according to law doth depose and say, soon after the affadavit made by Sally Reynolds mentioned in the affadavit of William Hall Esq. the same as this deponent believes was delivered to this deponent for the purpose of annexation to the declaration of Martha Cole hereto annexed, that on the night of the 23rd day of September last, the office of this deponent situate in Salem aforesaid was burnt to ashes and the affadavit of the said Sally Reynolds above mentioned as this deponent believes was at the same time burnt therein or otherwise destroyed, he this deponent having made diligent search for the said affadavit and has been unable to find the same amongst his papers, and from these circumstances, he this deponent believes the same was either burnt or destroyed in the conflagration of his said office, and this deponent further says that the said Sally Reynolds deposed in the said affadavit so made by her before the said William Hall Esq. that the said Martha Cole (then Martha Whitman) was married to Benjamin Cole on the 18th day of November 1783 at North Kingston in the State of Rhode Island by Elder Hall, a Baptist Clergyman then being at that place but who is long since deceased; that she the said Sally Reynolds witnessed the said marriage ceremony and was present at the same, and that she was the only witness to such marriage then living who witnessed the same, which said affadavit went in full confirmation of the time and place of the said marriage of the said Martha Cole as mentioned and declared in her said declaration annexed to this affadavit and that the said Sally Reynolds died as this deponent is informed and truly believes some time in the month of September last.
Subscribed sworn and certified
State of New York
Given under my hand and the
Edward Dodd, Clerk
State of New York
Personally came before me the undersigned a Justice of the Peace of the said county of Washington William Hall Esq a person to me well known and entitled to full credit for truth and veracity who being fully duly sworn according to law declares that on the 29th day of August 1840 Sally Reynolds then of the Town of Granville in said County of Washington personally came before this deponent and made oath in due form to the marriage of Martha Whitman (now the widow Cole) to Benjamin Cole, late of Hebron, now deceased, and that the above named Sally Reynolds, according to the best of this deponent's knowledge and belief, died on the 18th day of September 1840.
Sworn and subscribed before
John Norton, Justice [of
State of New York
I Edward Dodd clerk of the said county hereby certify that John Norton, Esquire, is a Justice of the Peace as within and that the within signature purporting to be his is genuine.
Given under my hand and the
seal of said county
Edward Dodd, Clerk