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The Manuscript of J.A.C. Leland (2) as provided by Robert E. Leland.









    As I discover or find information that pertains to this manuscript I will enter it appropriatly, with a notation and a source.  Such is the case when J.A.C. made mention of notes or letters from Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia,
by Bishop Meade.  I have located them and inserted them in the manuscript.  This will become a working manuscript of The Leland Family of Virginia.

                                                                © 2000 R.M. Leland III
 
 

    If anyone would like a copy of the original manuscript, please let me know.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

FOREWORD
 
 
 

In presenting this account to the descendants of Reverend John Leland I wish to quote from John Lawson in the preface to his History of North Carolina 1709.

"I have, in the following Sheets, given you a Faithful Account thereof; wherein I have laid down Everything with Impartiality, and Truth, which is indeed, the Duty of every Author, and Preferable to a smoothe Stile, accompanied with Falsities and Hyperboles. "

In some instances the information received was rather hard to understand. In other cases the data asked for was not forthcoming. It is possible that some members of the family are like that well known inhabitant of Missouri which has "Neither pride of ancestry nor hope of posterity."
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Authorities:
 
 
 

Old Churches Ministers and Families of Virginia - Meade Marriage License Bonds of Northumberland, Lancaster and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia - Stratton Nottingham Northumberland County Records - examined by Miss A. Lillian
Anderson, Heathsville, Virginia
Betsy Fauntleroy Stevens - deceased
Miss Mary Leland, Richmond, Virginia
Miss Lucy Leland, Richmond, Virginia
Mrs. Eliza Stevens Adams, Akron, Ohio
Mrs. Madeline Guittard Janis, Detroit, Michigan
Mrs. Charles Davis Arthur, Raleigh, North Carolina
Mrs. Cora Leland, Columbus, Ohio
Mrs. Madge Leland Cochran, Columbus, Ohio
Mrs. Grace Porter Anderson, Fort Worth, Texas
Mrs. Eva Kimball Babb, Ashmore, Illinois
Mrs. Leland Thornton Grubb, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Miss Corinne Leland, St. Louis, Missouri
Mrs. Mollie Newton Redd, Baltimore, Maryland
Mrs. Mary Stevens Evans, Newark, Ohio
 

and others
 

    It is here I wish to add my own comments.  I do not presume to know more, nor do I wish to in anyway discount the wonderful work that is in this manuscript.  Any additions or corrections I add I hope will be clearly marked.  My goal is simply to add to the work begun by John Augustin Charles Leland II, and to seek some of the answers to the puzzles he left.  I want to thank:
    Abby Wasserman
    Ann Bender
    Bob Leland
    Maurice and Peggy Duvic
    Carol Niven
    Arlene Thayer
    Lee Potter, Jr.
    Leland Park
    Elizabeth Russo
    LaVonne Platt
    Jane Hundley
    Susan Smith, a Ball family researcher.
    Dr. Tricia Petit, a Lee family researcher & cousin
    Charleen, a Fitzhugh researcher

      Lee of Virginia, by Edmund Jennings Lee, 1895, Philadelphis, reprinted by Clearfield Co., Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimorem MD, 1999, 2000. With Additions and Corrections furnished by The Society of Lees of Virginia,1983.
 
 

- 1 -

THE LELAND FAMILY OF VIRGINIA

The name Leland is derived from the English Lee, Leigh, Lea, Ley, Lye, denoting a pasture - hence pasture land or ground. The name is somewhat common in France as La Lande, It is variously written Lealand, Leeland, Leyland, Layland, Leylande. There is a De La Laund in the roll of Battle Abbey, but the Englishman, John Leyland, author of "Antiquity of the Town of Halifax" says that our progenitor was DeBussli, who came over with William the Conqueror, ravaged all Yorkshire, killing 100,000 men, and who also burned up, perhaps alive, 1,000 Jews in the Tower of York. For these eminent services he was rewarded with the Manor of Leyland, from which he took his name. This story, very probably, has not lost anything through the years since 1066 A.D. and may have received a few extra cyphers, but what is an extra cypher between genealogists?

We next hear of Leland, the "Flos Grammaticorum", and after him John the Antiquary. John Leland, the Antiquary, was born about 1506, died in 1552. He studied under William Lily of St. Paul's School, London, Christ's College, Cambridge and finished at All Soul's College, Oxford. He was one of the most accomplished linguists of his age, writing and speaking fluently Latin, Greek, Saxon, Welsh, French, Italian and Spanish. After studying in Paris, he returned to England and took Holy Orders and in 1533 Henry VIII made him his Chaplain and created a new office for him - "King's Antiquary". He traveled over all parts of England, Scotland and Ireland, exploring the antiquities of the various religious and educational institutions and examining the topography and archaeological relics. He was a poet of ability. He became melancholy after the death of Henry and finally, insane. Edward VI placed him in the custody of his brother Charles Leland and he died April 8, 1552. His office perished with him, he being the first and last Royal Antiquary of England. The great favors shown him by Henry VIII indicate that he was one of the compliant Churchmen who like Cramner, permitted the King to become supreme head of the Church of England. No doubt he preferred this to losing his head, as many did who resisted the King's decrees. Whether the family was numerous in England at the time of the Antiquary is not known. John Leland, an Englishman, writing about 1890 says that for 400 years there has not been a generation in which some Leland or Leyland of the old Bussli de Leland stock has not written a work on Antiquity or Allied subjects.

A century and a half after the Antiquary appeared the "eminently illustrious" theologian John Leland D. D., born at Wigan in Lancashire in 1691. He was educated and prepared for the ministry and settled over a Congregation of Dissenters in New Row, Dublin about 1716. John Leland was an important figure in the religious world for half a century. He was a Christian apologist, always ready to defend the faith that was in him. He died in 1766.

Thomas Leland D. D. born 1722, was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and became Professor of Oratory there in 1763. He belonged to the Church of England and died in 1785, leaving a family among whom was a son John. I am unable to establish a definite relationship between the foregoing and our immediate line of the Leland family which is descended from Rev. Jno. Leland (1) who married Elizabeth Lombard, daughter of Bishop Lombard and is said to have come from Dublin to Virginia in 1730-40 and served as pastor of a church at Williamsburg. This was not Bruton Church, as the list of ministers for Bruton is complete for the 18th Century, and does not include Leland. There is a gap 1737 to 1755 in the list of ministers for Jamestown Parish which included Jamestown and another church near Williamsburg. Perhaps John Leland served that Parish. He is first mentioned in the Vestry Book of Wicomico Church in 1744.
It is now known that our John Leland was christened Jean d'Aulnis de la Lande on 12 February 1718 at the French Protestant Church of the Savoy in London, England. He was born 24 January 1718, the fourth child of Henri and Marie d'Aulnis de la Lande.

John(Jean) studied at the College of Dublin, in 1737 after the death of his father he emmigrated to America as a School Master in St. Mary's County, Maryland. He taught there for four years and then moved to Cople Parish in Westmoreland County, Virginia, where he taught for a year and a half.

In 1744 he returned to London where he was ordained a Deacon on 16th September 1744, and a priest on 23rd September 1744. He then returned to Virginia where he assumed the duties at Wicomico parish in Northumberland County, Virginia.

- 2 -
 

There were Lelands in Virginia before the coming of John (1) as witness
St. Stephens Parish Register:
Betty Lealand Daughter to John       Baptised Sept. 3, 1714
Ann.         "          "         “     "                  "     Nov. 27, 1716
John         "         Son      "     "                  "     Feb. 20, 1718
Alice        "     Daughter   "    "                   "     Oct. 2, 1721
Sarah       "          "           "    "                  "     Oct. 10, 1724
Peter        "         Son       "    "                  "     Jan. 4, 1729
Richard    "          "           "    "                  "     Aug. 31, 1732
Judith Layland Daughter   "    "  and Jane   "     Sept.24, 1742
John        "         Son        "    "     "    "       "     Aug. 1, 1744
Eliza        "       Daughter  "    “ and Sarah  "     Aug. 24, 1749
Peter       "         Son        "    "     "    "       "     Feb. 3, 1751
Sarah      "       Daughter   "   "      "    "       “  " Mar. 5, 1766
Janny Swan Layland "      "   " and Millicent  " Nov. 3, 1767
John Leland       Son of Peter and Betty       " Oct. 28, 1772
Haynie Layland     "   "      “     "       “          "    June 18, 1779

Below is the Will of John Lealand, first mentioned above:

Northumberland County, Virginia, 1743-49 (Page 61)
 

John Lealand, his Will:
In the name of God, Amen, I, John Lealand of Northumberland County, in the Colony of Virginia, being in good health of body, thanks be to God, do make this, my last Will and Testament, in manner and form following, Imprimis:
I give my soul to God who gave it, and my body to the Earth, to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executors, hereafter named. As for my temporal estate, after my just debts and funeral charges defrayed, I give and dispose as followeths
Item - I give and bequeath unto my son John Lealand Jr., my plantation whereon I live, with all the land belonging to it, to him and his heirs, lawfully begotten of body, forever likewise, I give unto my son John Lealand, Jr., my great chest.
Item - I give all the rest of my estate to be equitably divided between my daughters Alice, Sarah and my son Peter Lealand and I appoint my son John Lealand, Jr., to be my executor of this, my last will and testament, thereunto set my hand and seal this 11th day of April 1744, Signed, sealed and published in the presence of -
Sam'l Blackwell
Elizabeth Blackwell (Signed) John Lealand (L. S.)

Northumberland, at a court for Northumberland, the 8th day of December 1746, this last will and testament of John Lealand, deceased, was presented into Court by John Lealand, his Executor, therein named, who made oath thereto, according to Law and the same was proved by the oaths of Sam'l Blackwell, Gent., and Elizabeth, his wife, witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded, and on the motion of the said Executor, certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate thereof in due form.

 Teste:
 (Signed) Billy Claiborne
 Cl. Court

The above persons seem not to belong to our immediate family.
Note:  This is still unclear as to where these Leland's belong, as late as 1782, Peter was living in close proximity to John.
- 3 -
 

The following are entries from the Vestry Book, preserved at the Episcopal Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Virginia.
Corrections are from The History of Wicomico Parish including 1703-1795 Vestry Minutes, 1999.  John Leland's
LICENSURE DATE is 24 September 1744.

October 24, 1744: Tobacco To the Revd. Joshua Nelson for a month's service l0,667#
To the Rev. David Currie for 5 sermons l,537#

March 11, 1744/5:
That Mr. Jno. Leland be continued as minister in Wiccocomioo Parish until the 15th of Oct. next.
To allowing Mr. John Leland for two Sermons already Preached.
 

At a Vestry held for Wiccocomico Parish
October 12, 1745: ________________
To the Rev. Jno. Leland for 7 months' service 9,943#
To four percent for cask 398

1746
Addition made to Glebe House

1746
To the Rev. Mr. Leland 16,000#
To Four per cent for cask 640

At a Vestry held for Wicomico Parish
November 20, 1746
Mr. Baldwin Mathew and Mr. Argail Taylor, Church
Wardens:
The Rev. Jno. Leland,
To Mr. Baldwin Mathew Smith for 4 bottles of claret
and the binding of the Church prayer book 220#

1750
To the Rev. Jno. Leland for repairing and righting up
The Glebe House 50#
The Vestry Have made an order that the Rev. Mr. Leland should
have the choosing of a sexton, provided he do not extend above
300 pounds of tobacco per year.

Nov. 6, 1750:
Present Rev. John Leland
To Rev. Mr. Jno. Leland 16,000#
To 4% for cask 640

1755
Salary with per cent 17,280#

March 24,1763:
It was decided to build a church near the old one of the following dimensions, viz:
75f in length and 30' in breadth - a cross of the same length from out to out,
Thomas Gaskins
Charles Copedge

1764
To Mr. Leland for Mr. Pinkard's acct. 7"7"10-1/2

- 4 -
 

May 16, 1772
The Vestry agreed to receive the new church all complete except the aisles and John Heath and David Ball gave bond that they would be completed. Sixty pounds current money of Virginia.

November 18, 1772:
Ordered that the Church Wardens set up the new part of the old Church to the lowest bidder, to be converted into a Vestry house, with the advantage of the old Church to the undertaker and to be done agreeable to the plan which will be produced when undertaken.

May 6, 1774:
Refused to pay Jno. Heath for the ornaments. Jno. Heath, one of the Vestry brought suit.

1774:
Ordered by consent of the present vestry that in case of the death or resignation of our present incumbent, the Rev. Jno. Leland, we do agree to take in his son, Jno. Leland after being duly ordained as his successor,
(Jno. Leland, Jr's., agreement with the church):
I, John Leland, Jr., of the Parish of Wiccocomoco and County of Northumberland, do hereby agree that unless I make application to the Vestry in the aforesaid Parish within six months after my arrival in Virginia with Holy Orders, or, if any infirmity should render me incapable of performing the ministerial duty, that then the proceeding of this Vestry with regard to choosing me as successor to the present incumbent shall be null and void.
As witness my hand this 24th day of November,
One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy-four.
(Signed) John Leland, Jr.,
Acknowledged
 in Vestry " Charles Copedge,
  " Charles Lee

Paid Jno. Leland for salary from Oct. 15, 1776 to June 1777 - 20,880
(Evidently the last payment to John Leland (1)

March 20, 1778:
Ordered that the Church Wardens advertise the vacancy of the said Parish for a Minister, three weeks in the Virginia Gazette.
Ordered to sell the old Church to the Highest bidder.

Feb. 11, 1779:
Rev. Jno. Leland present but no payment to him.

Jan. 27, 1783:
Jno. Leland present. No Payment.

March 31, 1784:
Jno. Leland present. No Payment.

- 5 -
 

July 20, 1784:
Mr. Browne allowed 300 lbs of tobacco as fees for defending the Vestry against the suit of Jno. Heath for ornaments.

Jan. 27, 1785:
Present Mr. Isaac Basye.

1785:
Received of the Rev. Jno. Leland 1000 lbs. tobacco out of the said Rev. Leland's salary, to be paid out by the Church Wardens for the benefit of the Parish, in such manner as the Donor shall direct.

Upon relinquishment of the Rev. Jno. Leland to his right of the Glebe for four years, (should he continue so long as Minister of the Parish), Ordered, that the Church Wardens rent out the said Gle        be and apply the profits thence arising, to defray the expenses of such repairs as they may find necessary thereon and to no other purpose.

April 8, 1785:
Colonel Thomas Gaskins and Rev. John Leland appointed to attend in Convention agreeable to a late Act of Assembly -
Note: (This was the first authorized General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church and was held in Christ Church Philadelphia Sept. 27, 1785).

May 5, 1785:

John Leland present.

This day delivered by the Rev. Jno. Leland, the following receipt:

 Richmond, August 18, 1785
Received from the Rev. Jno. Leland, the sum of Five pounds on acct. of Wicomico Parish in the County of Northumberland to defray the expenses of the Deputies of the Protestant Episcopal Church during their attendance in General Convention at Philadelphia.
 (Signed) John Buchanan

August 11, 1786:
Rev. Jno. Leland

Richmond, Va.
May 20, 1787.
Received of Jno. Leland for Parish of Wicomico, Four Pounds
for defraying the expanses of consecrating and supporting a Bishop.

1787:
Rev. Jno. Leland appointed First Trustee.

April 19, 1788:
Unanimously chosen to attend in Convention as a lay member, Cap.. David
Ball, Deputy with the Rev. Jno. Leland.

April 23, 1789:
Ordered that the Church Wardens advertise in the Virginia Gazette a
vacancy for a Minister.

- 6 -
 

Jan. 24, 1791:

Rev. Jno. Bryan chosen Rector of the Parish.

John Bryan asked to resign.
Advertised for a Minister.

At a Vestry held for Wicomico Parish the last day of Oct. 1795, present - Mr. Charles Lattimer, Church Warden, Mr. Hopkins Harding,
Mr. Anesaphorus Harvey, Mr. Richard Hudnall, Mr. James Sutton, Mr. David Ball, Mr. Thomas Hurst.
No business transacted.

Last Entry in Vestry Record

"The Church having become useless on account of delapidation and for want of members to repair it, and the people in the neighborhood thinking they had a right to the use of materials as suited their convenience, after every particle of woodwork had been torn away the Right Reverend William Meade, Assistant Bishop of the Diocese, (with my consent and advise) sold the site and ruins of the Church to Capt. Hiram Ingram for five hundred dollars on credit of six and twelve months, this 17th day QC July 1840 -"At the same time I delivered the Plate belonging to the Church consisting
of a Chalis and Cup, the first being presented to the Church by Barth. Schrever and the latter by Hancock Lee, former Vestrymen in this Parish. The Bishop promised to have the delivery recorded in the Church where he deposits them, which I believe is in the Theological Seminary."

 (Signed) Jos. Ball,
  Ditchley, 1840"
    Note: For the complete vestry minutes, from 1703-1795, they can be found in The History of Wicomico Parish, by John L. Overholt and Arthur C. Johnson. 1999, Wicomico Parish Church, P.O.Box 70, Wicomico Church, Virginia 22579.

If the plate was delivered to the Theological Seminary, as above, it was later given to the congregation at Millwood, Clarke County, to be returned if ever the Church at Wicomico was revived. The vessels were returned when the present church was opened in 1905 and were in use there in 1933.

The Chalis is engraved as follows:

"Ex Dono
Hancock Lee
To the Parish of Lee,
1721".

The Cup is engraved as follows:

"The Gift of Bartho. Schrever Who Died 1720 and of Bartho. his son who died 1727 for the use of the Parish of Great Wiocomico in ye County of Northumberland
1728".

The Tray is of modern manufacture
and has the following inscription:
"In Memory of
Thomas Gaskins 16-- 16-
Thomas Gaskins 16-. 1726
Thomas Gaskins 16-- 1737
Three Generations
Communicants, Vestrymen, Wicomico Parish
Northumberland County, Virginia."

- 7 -
 

The original name of the Parish was Great Wiccocomico; changed to Lee Parish, and went back to the old name, abbreviated to Wicomico. Bishop Meade says that when he was there in 1840, the Baptismal Font was being used as a watering trough. Joseph Ball refers above to the people of t he neighborhood thinking they had a right to the materials in the church.

*NOTE: Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
   Article LIX.

  Northumberland county, lying on the bay and the Great Potomac, was partially settled at an early period. In the year 1646, during the government of Sir William Berkeley, we find the following Act of Assembly:--"Whereas, the inhabitants of Chicawane, alias  Northumberland, being members of this Colony, have not hitherto contributed toward the charges of the war, [with the Indians,] it is now thought fit that the said inhabitants do make payment of the levy according to such rates as are by this present Assembly assessed....
  And in case the said inhabitants shall refuse or deny payment of the said levy, as above expressed, that, upon report thereof to the next  Assembly, speedy course shall then be adopted to call them off from the said Plantation." It had in the previous year been allowed a Burgess, in Mr. John Matram. In the following year Mr. William Presley was the delegate. In the year 1648, we find the following   Act:--"That the ninth Act of Assembly of 1647, for the reducing of the inhabitants of Chickcoun and other parts of the neck of land between Rappahannock and Potomacke Rivers be repealed, and that the said tract of land be hereafter called and known by the name of the county of Northumberland." In the year 1649, it is declared "that the inhabitants on the south side of the Potomacke [Potomac] shall
  be included, and are hereafter to be accounted within the county of Northumberland." In the year 1653, the bounds of Northumberland are reduced by the establishment of Westmoreland county, which was made to extend "from Matchoactoke River, where Mr. Cole lives,  and so upward to the falls of the great river Potomacke above the Necostins town;" that is, above what is now Georgetown, in the
 District of Columbia. In the year 1673, the boundary-line between Lancaster and Northumberland is settled, according to an order of the Assembly, by Colonel John Washington, (the first settler, and great-grandfather of General Washington,) Captain John Lee, William Traveson, William Moseley, and R. Beverley. While we have the above Acts of Assembly in relation to its civil divisions, we find nothing  as to its religious concerns. The establishment of a parish or parishes within its bounds is nowhere given us, except in two lists of the  counties in the year 1754, when it is called St. Stephen's parish, with Mr. Thomas Smith for its minister, and in 1758, when it is called Wycomico, and has the Rev. John Leland as its minister. In the year 1776, it is said to have two parishes,--Wycomico and St.
  Stephen's,--Mr. John Leland the minister of the former, and the Rev. Benjamin Sebastion of the other. Mr. Leland was ordained by theBishop of London in 1775, and Mr. Sebastion in 1766. It is, however, confidently affirmed to this day that there were two parishes, called Upper and Lower St. Stephen's, besides Wycomico, and that the glebes can be pointed out.

The Church of England was supported by taxation. A great many people in the Colonies were Dissenters, not holding with the Established Church. When the Revolution came, this State support stopped and the Church declined. As the building fell into disuse, these former compulsory contributions gave the contributors an excuse for taking what they could. Bishop Meade gave the money - he only collected $250.00 - to the Theological Seminary at Alexandria. Bishop Meade says that at the beginning of the Revolution there were 91 Episcopal Clergymen and 164 Churches and Chapels - at its close only 28 Churches and Chapels were found.

Captain Hiram Ingram used the materials of the Church to build a fine home in the village. Some of the flag stone, 12 x 12, from the floor of the Church are still in use as a walk from the front gate to the house, which is now owned by Col. Edwin Payne Tignor. Col. Tignor's father bought the place from Capt. Ingram in the 60's. About 1870 Mrs. Tignor found a gravestone built into the back of the chimney. She had it taken out and returned to the cemetery. This may be the stone I saw lying there dated 1779. The only other stone remaining is a slab bearing the following:

"Here lieth the body of
SARAH DIGGE the wife of
John Digge, who departed this life
the 5d of February 1778 in the 37th year of her
Age.

"Give now my Exalted soul O God a place
Among the chosen Righteous race
The Sons of God and heirs of Grace.
From that insatiable abyss
Where flames devour and serpents hiss
Promote me to thy fold of bliss
Prostrate my contrite heart I bend
My God, my Father and my Friend
Do not forsake me in the end."

Mr. J. W. G. Stephens gave me the subsequent history of the church lot. About 1885, Yateman, by an Act of the Legislature, secured the churchyard. Afterward he sold to Snow. Snow gave a small lot for the new Church about 1905. Snow sold out and the church lot came to Mrs. Carlson. Mrs. Carlson afterward married Kahlor. Then Wm. Headley bought the lot for $350.00 and was figuring he might put a. store or "refreshment parlor" there. The church people did not like this idea, so he let the church have the lot for $325.00 about 1931.

Whether Wicomico was a "sweet scented parish" is unknown to the writer. Two kinds of tobacco were grown in Virginia Sweet scented and Oranoco. Sweet scented was worth more, so it paid the minister a higher salary.

The specifications for the church built under the auspices of Rev. John Leland (1) are shown in Record Book 6, page 532, of Northumberland County:

"Know all men by these presents that we John Wily and Anthony Sydnor are held and firmly bound unto Thomas Gaskins and Charles Copedge Gent. Church

- 8 -
 

Wardens of the Parish of Wicocomoco in the County of Northumberland & Colony
of Virginia their heirs & successors in the penal sum of Two thousand pounds, To the which payment well and truly to be made unto the said Church wardens their heirs and successors, We bind ourselves our and every of our heirs Exors and Admrs Jointly and severally firmly by these presents sealed with our Seales and Dated this 5th day of October 1763. - -"The Condition of the above Obligation is such That Whereas the above bound
John Wily hath this day agreed with the above named Thomas Gaskins and Charles Copedge Gent. Church wardens of the said Parish of Wicocomoco in the County of Northld and Colony of Virginia, To build a Neat Brick Church near the old one, where the said Church wardens shall appoint, in the sd. Parish of Wicocomoco, Seventy Five feet in Length and Thirty feet in Wedth with a Cross of the same Length and Wedth from out to out, the Foundation to be sunk two feet in the ground, and to be well ram'd if required, To be four feet and a half thick to the surface of the Earth, And from thence to rise four feet of the thickness of three .feet to the water table, and from thence to rise Eighteen feet to the Top of the Wall, of the Thickness of two feet seven inches and a half, the hight of the Wall from the Surface of the Earth to the Top being Twenty two feet, the Bricks to be Nine inches Long and two & a half thick, the Frame to be of good Oak or Poplar, the Doors and Windows to be of the same hight and width of those in Christ Church, in proportion to the hight of the Wall, the bricks over the Tops of the Doors and Windows to be Rub'd work, to have three Ox Eye Windows one in each end over the door as in Christ Church, to have the same number of pews and Windows as the Plan directs, that will be delivered to the undertaker, the pews to be Wainscotted & paneled, Three Gallerys of Twelve feet high from the floor of the Church to the floor of the Galleries, to be Eighteen feet wide, and to have four pews in each, with an Isle at the back of each three feet wide, to be well shingled with the best Cypress Shingles at least Eighteen inches long, upon inch pine plank, the windows to be Glaized with good Crown glass, the body of the Church and Ceiling to be well Plaistered and white wash'd - - Iron hinges and bolts to the pew doors, the Floors, pews and doors to be of good pine plank, the Allies to be laid with good Flag Stone, a Lock and bolt to the front Door and a sufficient Bar and Bolt to the other doors, the Altar to be Neatly Wainscotted with good pine plank as high as the windows, the Rails and Bannisters to be of good Popler, painted of the same Coulour with the rest of the Church, the whole to be a Neat Brown, a Neat Pulpit and roomly Desk, the pews to be of the same hight and the benches of the same width of those in Christ Church, to have a Neat Modation Cornish round the Eyes, the Cornish Doors and Windows to be neatly painted on the out side with white Lead, the Galleries to be supported with turned and fluted Collumns, the wall to be well grouted every three courses, to have a compass Ceiling and the Roof agreeable to the plan. The Whole to be completed in Four years from the fifth day of October next ensuing in a neat strong and workmanlike manner by the undertaker. Four hundred pounds to be paid at the day of the undertaking. Four hundred pounds more two years afterwards and the remainder at the finishing of the work. Now if the said John Wily shall well and truly perform, fulfill and keep all the Articles and Clauses above mentioned - That then the above Ob1igtion to be void, otherwise to remain in full force and power and virtue - Memd before signed, that the doors and windows and corners of the sd Church to be Rubbed work -
John Wily (Seale)
Anthony Sydnor (Seale)

Signed, Sealed and Delivered in
Presence of William Angel, Kemp Hurst,
Moses Lunsford, Geo. Dawson,
At Court Held for Northumberland County the 8' day of April 1765 -
This Bond from Jno Wily and Anthony Sydnor to Thomas Gaskins and

- 9 -
 

Charles Copedge, Gt. Churchwardens of Wicocomoco Parish, was proved by the
oaths of William Angel, Kemp Hurst, Moses Lunsford and George Dawson. Witnesses thereto & admitted to Record.

Teste-
Thomas Jones Ct. Cur.

The following letter was written by the Reverend John Leland (1) to the Bishop of London (some say) or to Dawson who is referred to as Commissary Dawson, and seems to have been connected with William and Mary College, and has been preserved in the Dawson Papers, years 1728-1775, Congressional Library, Washington D. C.

Hon. and Rev. Sir:

We, the subscribers, Ministers of the Church of England, being thoroughly sensible of the great benefit and advantages which have arisen from the mutual concord, and, un(ity) as to matters of religion heretofore subscribing amongst ranks of people within this Colony, cannot help being filled with the deepest concern at the irregular attempts which are now maintained (on one person's part) for the subversion of these inestimable (blessings) of peace and union, etc.

The case is as follows: Mr. Samuel Davies, a dissenting minister of Hanover, invited, as we imagine, by one or two persons, he has taken upon him to come into our parts to preach the gospel to the poor misguided people in a far greater degree of purity than was ever done before, and by that means to throw off the people from their lawful pastors, who have used their best endeavors to promote the true religion of Christ among them, and to perform all parts of the ministerial function in the best manner that was possible.

Mr. Davies, by his (petition) offered to the Courts of Northumberland and Lancaster in the month of May last, a certificate setting forth that they intended to build him a house in each county and prayed that it might be located, etc. Rejected in Westmoreland County.

Since Mr. Davies came into these parts, a very worthy man said he had heard more said against the Bishops and clergy of the Church of England than ever he had against the Bishops of Rome. And that God may enable us and all the clergy here so to behave that we may stop the mouths of our adversaries and as we have heretofore been, may we ever continue to be, one Flock, under one Shepherd, Jesus Christ, the Righteous, is the prayer of

Honorable and Rev. Sir,
Your most affect. & Obedient Servants,

(Signed) David Currie,
 John Leland
Lancaster,
April 12, 1758
Note: Words in brackets illegible

David Currie was minister at Christ Church Lancaster County. The following item relative to Mr. Samuel Davies is of interest.

"The high Christian Character of Washington must have impressed itself upon the minds of men early in his career. In 1755, when Washington was but 23, in a sermon "Religion and Patriotism the Constituents of a Good Soldier"

- 10 -
 

preached by Samuel Davies to a company of volunteers, he cited:
 "As a remarkable instance of this I may point out to the Public that heroic youth, Colonel Washington whom I cannot but hope Providence has hitherto preserved in so signal a manner, for some service to his Country."

George Washington is said to have been singularly free from religious prejudice.

John Leland Sr's. (1) orders were written on black parchment in white ink.
They passed to his son Charles Leland (7) and from him to his son John Dudley
Leland (11) who emigrated to Fayette, Missouri, and was a Judge. In 1933
Miss Lucy Leland, (23) Richmond, Virginia, said, "Someone asked Charles Leland
(7) 'Where are your Father's orders' but he did not know."

John Leland Sr's. first wife was Elisabeth Lombard, daughter of Bishop Lombard.
She died Nov. 11th, 1761, or shortly thereafter. We have the following from
William and Mary Quarterly Vol. II 104-105-105-225 Journal of Col. James
Gordon, My wife and I called to see poor Mrs. Leland. She seems to be preparing as well as she can for death." Dated No. 11, 1761.

The old parson did not lose much time as he married Lucy Lee (2), widow of Thomas Lee of Lancaster County, Jan. 20, 1762. According to her great granddaughter, Lucy Leland (23) of Richmond, Lucy Lee was born Lucy Lee. They lived in the lower part of Northumberland Co., at Point Pleasant. In his will, dated Feb. 1st, 1778, he mentions his children in the following order:
 Sarah Leland (3) Charles Leland (7)
 Martha Nutt (4) Susannah Leland (8)
 Mary Haynie (5) Anne Henrietta Leland (9)
 John Leland (6) Lucy Leland (10)
    Note: Unsure of the order of children, in documents following, Charles appears to be the youngest, and there is some question in my mind as to Sarah's maternity, she is listed as an infant through 1783. This would clearly make her Lucy's daughter.

The first four children were probably the children of the first wife, Elisabeth Lombard. The last four were probably the children of Lucy Lee.

The will of John Leland (1) was probated on April 11th, 1778, and is to be found in Record Book 10, Page 285, Northumberland County, Virginia. The will reads as follows:

In the name of God Amen I John Leland of the County of Northumberland and parish of Wicco. being very weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given unto God, Calling unto mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to Die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament, That is to say Principally & first of all, I Give & Renounce my Soul into the Hand of Almighty God that gave it and my body I Recommend to the Earth to be buried in decent Christian burial, at the Descretion of my Executors, nothing Doubting but at the General Ressurrection I shall receive the same again, by the mighty power of God, And as Touching such worldly Estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this life, I Give, Demise and Dispose of the same in the following manner and form - -Imprimis I Give and bequeath to my Loving wife Lucy Leland my Riding Chair
and Harniss also Burkett on the New Testament.

Item I Give & bequeath to my Daughter Sarah Leland Eighteen pounds Current money of Virginia.

Item I give and bequeath to my Daughter Martha Nutt, my Daughter Mary Haynie & and my son John Leland Thirty pounds Each Current money of Virginia.

- 11 -
 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Son Charles Leland all my Lands & his heirs
forever, on condition that he pay his four sisters, Susannah, Anne Henrietta, Lucy and Sarah Leland the sum of Fifty pounds Virginia Currency Each at the Time he arrives to the age of Twenty one years, but should my son Charles die before he arrives to the age of Twenty one years Then my will and desire is that my aforesaid Land be sold and the money arising therefrom be Equally Divided betwixt my four Daughters Susannah, Anne Henrietta, Lucy and Sarah Leland.

Item All the rest & residue of my Goods, Chattels & personal Estate whatever
I give & bequeath to my aforesaid wife, my four Daughters Susannah, Anne
Henrietta, Lucy & Sarah Leland & my Son Charles Leland to be equally divided
betwixt them.

Item If in case my aforesaid wife should not stand to this my Last Will and
Testament but fly to the Law, Then my will and desire is that at her death
her part of my Estate be equally divided betwixt my aforesaid Daughters
Susannah, Anne Henrietta, Lucy & Sarah and my son Charles Leland.

Item I do hereby Constitute & appoint my son John Leland & William Nutt
Executors of this my last will and Testament. In Witness whereof I the sd
John Leland have hereto set my Hand and Seal this first day of February 1778.

John Leland
Signed, Sealed, Published, pronounced and Declared by the sd John Leland as his last will and Testament in the presence of us & in the presence of Each other have hereto subscribed our names.

At a Court Contd & held for Northumberland County the 11th day of April 1778. This last Will and Testament of John Leland, Clerk, Dec'd was presented in Court by William Nutt Gent one of the Executors therein named who made oath thereto according to Law & the same being proved by the Oath of said William Nutt & by Consent of John Leland heir at Law to the said Dece'd, John Haynie & the said Nutt the same was admitted to Record, & on the motion of the said Executor giving security a Certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate thereof in due form.
Teste:  Thos. Jones Ct.Cur

Some have wondered why John Leland Sr. was spoken of as a "clerk." In the 18th Century a minister was so designated and we still use the related words clergyman and cleric.

The "Chair" mentioned in the will was a Riding Chair, something like a modern dining chair fastened to a platform on a two-wheeled cart. There was a seat below and at the back for the negro boy who went along to open gates and care for the horse. This vehicle was much used in Tidewater Virginia.

Miss Lucy Leland (23) Richmond, Virginia. related the story of the dainty kerchief, blood stained from the prick of a sword at the time one of the family, perhaps one of the Lombards, had escaped the St. Bartholomews Day massacre.

Miss Lucy had seen the kerchief. The owner of the kerchief had been hidden in the hold of the vessel which was inspected before sailing. The inspector went through with his sword, stabbing into bales of goods and corners where some refugee might be hiding. The sword point struck her and she was quick witted anough to wipe it with the kerchief as it was being withdrawn. This story was known to the Ohio Lelands also.

- 12 -
 

The following are extracts from the records of Lancaster County, Virginia,
and cast light on the background of Dame Lucy Lee:

Will of Thos. Lee, Dec. 1st1 1750 - Wills, Lancaster Co., Book 52, Page 230.
"To my daughter Mary Lee one negro boy named Dick. To my brother John Lee one negro wench named Cate that I had from my brother Richard Lee. All the balance of my estate to my two children Mary Lee and George Lee.
In case of the death of Mary Lee and George Lee without heirs I bequeath to my loving wife Lucy Lee all the estate I had by her and the increase and one negro wench named Feby and likewise my chair and two horses and the Explanation of the Testament. Lucy Lee made executrix as long as she remains single. Proved on the 16th of March 1759 and ordered to be recorded."

"On the 16th of June 1759 Lucy Lee Widow and Relict of Thomas Lee dec'd came into Court and relinquished as benefit and advantage from the will of the dec'd and insisted on one third part of the said Dec'd's estate according to law.
Lucy Lee made guardian of Mary Lee and George Lee and having given bond is ordered to possess herself of the estate of the orphans."

"By Virtue of an order of Lancaster Court bearing date the 19th of June 1762 -the subscribers have settled the __________ relating to the estate of Thos Lee Gent dec'd to the time the Rev'd Mr. John Leland was appointed Guardian to Mary Lee orphan of the said dec'd and possessed the said Leland with one third part thereof in right of his wife, as also her part of her dec'd son George Lee's estate as follows Vis
 12 head of cattle at 20/ L12-0-0
 16 sheep at 5/ 4-0-0
 (Bal. of list follows, total 82-0-5
- - - - - -

From: Book 9 - Page 387

"Know all men by these presents that we Richard Hall of the County of Prince George and the Province of Maryland and Mary his wife on account of the Love and Esteem we bear unto Mrs. Lucy Leland wife of the Reverend John Leland and our Love and Effection which we bear unto her two children Lucy Leland and Charles Leland, etc. Two negroes - - "Formerly belonging to the Estate of Mr. Thomas Lee dec'd"
Dated 6th day May 1774."

From: Book 9 - Page 387:

"Know all men by these Presents that we John Leland Clk and Rector of Weicomoco Parish in the County of Northumberland & Colony of Virginia & Lucy Leland his wife from the regard & Esteem they have for Richard Hall Gent of the Co. of Prince George in the Province of Maryland - - - two negroes etc" - - have been allotted unto the aforesaid John Leland as part of his wife's Dower in the Negroes belonging to the Estate of Mr. Thomas Lee dec'd
"
Late Husband of his Present wife Lucy Leland" etc ---------- “
Dated 5 May 1774

------
From: Fee Book - - 1775-8-7-8, Page 14
"1778 - Mrs. Lucy Leland widow and relict of Jno Leland, Clerk, dec'd. Atto. Ent. of your Dissent to your Husband's will. Record Halls and your gift to your daughter Sarah."
(Sarah had received from her father only 18 pounds whereas Martha, Mary and John had received 30 lbs. The above may have been to even this up.)

- 13 -

From: Book 11 - Page 30
 "To all people to whom these presents shall come, Sendeth greeting, Dame Lucy Leland who was formerly the widow and Relect of Mr. Thomas Lee late of the County of Lancaster Dec'd Know ye that the said Dame Lucy Leland for and in consideration of the Natural Love and Affection which she hath and beareth unto her Daughter Mary and her Husband Richard Hall, hath remised, Released and forever quit claim, and by these presents doth fully truly and absolutely remise, release and forever quit claim unto the said Richard Hall all and all manner of Dower Right and Title of Dower whatsoever which she the said Dame Lucy Leland now hath, might, should or of Right ought to have of in or out of all and singular the Negroes and Slaves which were the said Thomas Lee's at the time of his Death and also all manner of Actions and Writs of Dower whatsoever so as neither she the said Dame Lucy Leland nor any other person or persons for her or in her name any Dower or any Writ or Action of Dower, or any manner of Right or Title of Dower of in or out of all and every the said negroes and slaves at any time hereafter shall or may have claim or prosecute against the said Richard Hall and Mary his wife or either of them But off and from the same shall be utterly debarred and for ever excluded by these presents. In witness whereof the said parties to these presents have here unto set their hands and affixed their Seals this 8th Day of March Anne Domini One Thousand Seven hundred and Eighty l780.
Sealed and Delivered Lucy Leland
in presence of'
Richard Nutt
Thomas Hayden

At a Court held for Northumberland County the 11th Day of' September 1780 This Release from Lucy Leland to Richard Hall and Mary his Wife was proved by the Oaths of Richard Nutt & Thomas Haydon the witnesses thereto and admitted to Record.
Teste:
Catesby Jones, Ct Cur."
--------

From some of the foregoing, it would seem that Lucy did not have much luck when her husbands made their wills.
According to the State census of 1782, Dame Lucy Leland was living in the lower district of Wicomico, the head of a family of four white persons and sixteen black slaves.

Note: In 1783 Suzanne J. (8) and Henrietta (9) Leland asked to have persons appointed to possess themselves of their part of the father's estate. Lucy Leland (2), widow of the aforesaid John (1) for herself, Lucy (10), Sallie (3) and Charles (7), infants,

Sarah Leland (3) married Joseph Ball, Widower with one daughter, Peggy Ball, January 15th, 1807.

Martha (Leland) Nutt (4) married Capt. Wm. Nutt - a vestryman at Wicomico Church, in 1777.
    Note: From Lee of Virginia, Mary Nutt, spinster, married Kendall Lee, 3rd son of Charle Lee & Sarah Hull, 4 August 1796, their children: Mary Leland Lee, Sarah Elizabeth Lee, Martha Kendall Lee, George G. Lee, John L. Lee, William Henry Lee, Edwin Lee.

Mary (Leland) Haynie (5) married John Haynie Dec. 26, 1770; she married for her second husband John Cralle, Feb. 18, 1793 (also spelled Crawley). John Cralle was born about 1730. He had a sister Mary and a brother Kenner.

Charles Leland (7) who was commonwealth attorney, County Court, 1793, 1815 -District and Circuit' Courts 1811, 1816, married first, Lucy Cary, a daughter Colonel Dudley Cary of Glouster, and by this marriage he had one son,

- 14 -
 

John Dudley Leland (11) born 1797 - died 1847. On December 13, 1797, he
married Sarah Towles, daughter of Colonel Stokely Towles, Mrs. Elizabeth P. Arthur, Raleigh, N. C. says daughter of Henry Towles and Judith (Digges) Towles. By this marriage he had four sons: Charles Henry Leland (12); Samuel Alexander Mangan Leland (13); Henry Towles Leland (14); Lucius Cary Leland (is) and Lucy Leland (16). Charles Leland (7) lived at Point Pleasant and was probably buried there. In his will which was made February 3rd, 1815, he mentions the following - My infant Children: My Dear Sister Lucy Leland; My Dear Sister Sarah Bell; My Dear Sister Mary Cralle.

Susannah Leland (8) made her will January 21st, 1804:
To two nephews John D. Leland (11) and Charles Henry Leland (12)
To my niece Lucy Leland (16)
To my niece Marth Lee, my negro girl Judith
To my two sisters Lucy and Sally Leland
Appoint my brother Charles Leland Executor

Lucy Leland (10), who never married, made her will January 26th, l8l5. Probated October 13, 1817.
To nephew Charles Henry Leland (12) To brother Charles
Leland (7) Nephews John D. Leland (11), Sam'l A. M. Leland (13)
Henry Towles Leland (14) Lucius Cary Leland (1S) Nieces Lucy
Leland (16) and Mary L. Brent. Relation Henry L. Gaskins and
Brother Charles Leland, Executors.

Anne Henrietta Leland's (9) estate was settled in 1802-9.
Heirs:  John Cralle; Mrs. Nutt's heirs: John Leland's heirs (this was John Leland #6, who was dead at this date); Sally; Charles; Lucy, Susan.

John D. Leland (11) married Sally L. Gaskins Sept. 11, 1821. in Northumberland County. He moved to Missouri, and was a judge at Fayette, Missouri. He had a large family.

The following letter was written by Mrs. Lucy Leland Rea of St. Louis,
Missouri: Received about 1940.

3815 Magnolia Ave.,
St. Louis, Missouri

My dear Mr. Leland:

Mrs. Milton Standley of Carrolton, Missouri forwarded your letter to me. I married her brother many years ago and have a son, Leland.

I am a granddaughter of John Dudley Leland. He came to this state from Virginia fully one hundred years ago - for my father, Dr. John Dudley - was the youngest child of thirteen and was born in this state Mar. 4th, 1844 I think. My grandfather was a member of the House of Representative in Virginia before coming to Mo.

I am not sure I can give the names of the children. John, oldest, (My father was Wm. Fredrick but was quite small when his oldest brother passed on and his name was changed to John Dudley). Chas. who I understand went to California and after a time ceased to write home - and later word came he had told some man he was going to cross a creek. This was very high at the time and he was never heard of again so Grandmother Leland gave him up for dead. Virginia died without issue. Marcella, Cornelia, Eugenia, Maria and Lucy Carey - for whom I was named. Grandfather came to Fayette, Missouri, where he died. One night he was going over a case in court and

- 15 -
 

My father was a dentist and we moved to Carrolton when I was a little
girl. On one of my visits in CA. I saw a young lady named Juliet Leland -and she looked exactly like a cousin of mine named Juliet. This was at the "Glendale Sanitarium" where she was giving a concert. I am wondering if you are a descendant of Uncle Chas. who as I said before went to Calif.?

Grandmother Leland was Sarah Gaskins of Virginia. She was always very proud of being a cousin of Geo. Washington. Her ancester and Mary Ball Washington's mother were half sisters - this is brought down to Sarah Gaskins, wife of Judge John Leland, in the Ball Family.

My father had three children - Joseph Page; Cora Harrison - both these names are from the Page side - and my own, Lucy Carey - a family name on the Leland side.

I cannot go any farther back than Grandfather, but there is a tradition in the family that the oldest son was always called John Dudley and until my Grandfather was either a minister or a bishop in the Episcopal Church - the family were all Episcopalians.

I should be glad to answer any questions I am able and if you have any information about the earlier ancesters would appreciate any facts about them.

Since writing the above I have talked with my sister and she says she thought the uncle who went to California and never returned was Henry, and that later the family received a notice of his death. This was years later than his supposed drowning.

There are so few of this branch of the family - my brother Page the only one bearing the family name, is the only one left and he has no children.

I hope this information will be of some service to you.

Cora and I are Housemothers in the Mo. State School for the Blind in St. Louis, Mo.
Sincerely yours (Mrs) Lucy Leland Rea

Charles H. Leland (12) married Eliza Mitchell, January 14, 1834, in Northumberland County. By her he had 3 daughters. lie married for his second wife, Mrs. Susan Waddey, Sept. 14th, 1842, and by her had 2 sons and 2 daughters. He practiced medicine at Lancaster Court House, Va., for 30 years and died in 1863. One of his sons was Lucius Cary Leland (17), who was in the mercantile business at Wicomico. He never married and is buried at White Marsh Church, Lancaster County. A daughter married Peyton Carter, and their son William Edmonds Carter lives at Rehoboth Church, Va., who says in a letter of March 20th, 1941:
"Chas. H. Leland's (12) children were - Elisabeth 14. Leland (18); Lucy F. Leland (19); Mary Benjamina Leland(20); Maria Payne Leland (21); Lucius Carey Leland (17). My mother was Maria Payne Leland (21) and she married Peyton R.. Carter. My brothers and sister are - Mary B. Carter Triplett, Lucius Benjamin Carter, Wayland Dunaway Carter, Leland Payne Carter."

Samuel Alexander Mangan Leland (13) married Eliza M. Campbell, daughter of Eliza F. Campbell, December 5th 1836. They had three daughters and two sons.

- 16 -
 

Eliza C. Leland (22) wrote a letter to Bishop Meade, March 20th, 1857.
This letter is given in Meade's Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia. It concerns the Campbell family,
    I have copied and inserted the above letter, 6/17/2000; R.M.Leland III

Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                                                               Article LXI.
. . . . . .  The following letter, having been received since the foregoing was published in the "Southern Churchman," corrects some inaccuracies and furnishes additional information. "Bishop Meade, "Newstead, March 20, 1857. "Rev. and Dear Sir:--In perusing the brief sketch given by you of the Campbells of Virginia, my mother discovered some inaccuracies, which it gives us pleasure to correct as far as we can do so. She says that her grandfather (Archibald Campbell) married twice. Of the history of his first wife, whose name you saw on the
tombstone at the Round Hill Church in King George, she knows very little, as she survived but a very short time after marriage, leaving no descendants. The second wife, who was her grandmother, was a Miss McCoy, daughter of William McCoy, who was the pastor of  North Farnham parish, Richmond county, in the year 1754, but whose name you incorrectly spell, in your article on that parish, McKay.  This William McCoy married a Miss Fitzhugh, of Marmion, King George,--a woman distinguished for her eminent piety,--and our grandmother was a daughter by that marriage. The school which you speak of was established after his last marriage, for the benefit of
 his own sons, Archibald and Alexander. My grandfather, who was John, being an infant at the period of his death, was baptized by him on his death-bed. My mother thinks she has heard that Chief-Justice Marshall, Mr. Madison, and Mr. Monroe, were taught by him, with  her uncles Archibald and Alexander. She does not think that the school was established early enough to admit the belief of Colonel Marshall or General Washington's having been pupils of his. To the property acquired by my mother's grandfather in Virginia, he gave the  name of Kirnan, after a family seat in Argyleshire, Scotland. Campbellton was the residence of my grandfather. Alexander married his  cousin, Miss Fitzhugh, of Marmion, and had only one daughter by that marriage, whose name was Lucy: she lived in my grandfather's family until the period of her death, which occurred within a few years past. Mrs. Wayne was by a second marriage. The other brother, Archibald, married Miss Hughs, of Maryland, and had two sons and a daughter. The eldest son, Frederick, inherited a large entailed estate  in the island of Bute, in Scotland, from the Stuarts, who intermarried with the Campbells, and he took the name of Frederick Campbell Stuart with the estate. The second son, Ferdinand, was Professor of Mathematics in William and Mary, under the administration of Drs.
  Smith and Wilmer. The daughter, Anna Campbell, married Dr. Tennant, an eminent physician of Port Royal: she died not many years since. Her children were Washington, who was a physician; Mercer, who married Miss Grymes, of King George; Susan, the first wife of Dr. John May, of Westmoreland; Maria, who married Thomas Hunter, of Fredericksburg; and Lucy, who married his brother, Taliafero Hunter. Mrs. Tennant lived and died a very consistent member of the Episcopal Church, and her children are all members of it. We give this information in compliance with your request that mistakes might be corrected. "Yours very respectfully, Eliza C. Leland."
Lucy Leland (23) and Mary Leland (24) were living in the Episcopal Home in Richmond, Virginia, June, 1933. The sons John (25) and Charles (26) never married.

S. A. M. Leland (13) lived at Newstead near Heathsville, and was County Clerk. He is buried at Point Pleasant, and is said to be the last person buried in the Leland Burying Ground, which is now obliterated. Mr. T. H. Gill, Avalon, Virginia, owns the place, and wrote in 1933 that a spot in his fowl yard had been pointed out to him as the site of the grave yard

Henry Towles Leland (14) died of typhoid when nineteen years of age.

Lucius Cary Leland (15) was a doctor. He married Cynthia Quinn, and went to Mississippi. He deeded the old homestead at Point Pleasant (now called Cecakawone) to Fleming Bates in 1832.

Lucy E. Leland (16) born 1803; died 1877; married John LeRoy Chinn, a widower, February 12, 1821. He was born January 18th, 1795; died November 6th, 1854. He was a delegate, 1819-20, and sheriff of Stafford County, 1845-6. They had, first, Sarah, who married John Chinn Mitchell, who had John Chinn Mitchell, Jr., born 1842, died Sept. 12, 1853; and Elizabeth
Griffin Mitchell, who married Henry Rouzee Conway, who had John, LeRoy, Charles and Lucy Conway.

Lucy Conway married January 31, 1856, J. Bailey Jett, in Westmoreland County, and had Frances Dora, Louisa, Leland and Charles Jett.

John Leland, Jr. (6), was a student at William and Mary College in 1772. He was paid a salary as a student from Dec. 25, 1771, to Dec. 25, 1772 and resigned his studentship Feb. 9, 1773. Maybe his salary stopped. His education was completed in England, and he was ordained by the Bishop of London, probably Bishop Barr, and licensed to Wicomico Parish, April 11, 1775, where he followed his father. He received the King's Bounty of 20 pounds on April 25, 1775. This was to help defray the expense of the voyage to Virginia. According to Bishop Meade, the best ministers in Virginia were those educated at William and Mary and sent back to England for Ordination. Generally ministers could not be ordained unless they had degrees from Cambridge, Oxford, Dublin or Edinburg. He was loyal to the American cause in the Revolution, and very active in the formation of the Protestant Episcopal Church when the Church of England had fallen into disfavor. He tried to hold the congregation together at Wicomico long after his salary had stopped, and he advanced the money to defray the expenses of the delegates to the conventions of 1785 and 1789. He was one of the twenty clergymen and sixteen laymen who participated in the convention of 1789.* After a long session, which adjourned October 16th, 1789, the Protestant Episcopal Church was fully organized. Thus we see a Leland present at the organization of the Protestant Episcopal Church, just as John, the Antiquary, had encouraged the foundation of the Church of England.

                                           *NOTE: Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia
                                                                            Article LIX.
 

  In the year 1785, we find the two parishes represented in the Convention,--Wycomico by the Rev. Mr. Leland, and as lay delegate T. Gaskins, St. Stephen's by the Rev. Thomas Davis, with Mr. Hudson Meuse as lay delegate. In the year 1786, Wycomico alone is
 represented by Mr. Leland and Mr. Gaskins. In 1787, Mr. Leland appears for the last time, with Mr. David Ball as lay delegate.
*Note: Ministers For Wicomico Parish, Northumberland County.
         Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia
No. XV.

                                                        May 15, 1770, Rev. John Leland, to 1791.


April 23, 1789, the Vestry at Wicomico agreed to advertise for a minister in the Virginia Gazette. Colonial Church of Virginia, page 100, mentions Christ Church, Lancaster Co. and Leland among other ministers 1792 to

- 17 -
 

1832, and St. Mary's, Whitechapel, Lancaster Co. name of Leland, 1791. This was another Leland.

It has occurred to the writer that John Leland (1) was meant by Bishop Meade when he says in deploring the state of the church at Wicomico in1840, "Beneath whose altar lie the remains of one of its earliest Pastors."*

    *NOTE: Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

    Concerning the church in Wycomico parish, and which was called Wycomico Church, we have something to say from personal  knowledge. Bishop Moore and myself both performed services in it, though to a small number of persons. The last time that Bishop Moore was in the desk, a piece of plastering from its high arched ceiling fell upon his head, which was protected by only a few gray
 hairs. Judging from the size of the house, there must, at the time of its erection, have been many attendants, for it was the largest of the old churches in Virginia of which I have any knowledge. It was built about the beginning of the Revolutionary War, when faithful architecture had already waned. After my last visit to it in 1837, I made the following communication to the ensuing Convention of1838:--

                               Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

 "On Thursday, the 22d instant, I visited Northumberland Court-House in company with the Rev. Washington Nelson, and preached to a respectable congregation in the Reformed Methodist Church. But few Episcopal families are now to be found in this county. There were formerly three large brick churches in it, two of which are entirely gone, and the third will soon share their fate unless speedy means of prevention be adopted. The one yet remaining, called Wycomico Church, was built in the year 1771, not long before the Revolution, and the walls are still firm. The other part of the workmanship was so inferior to that of former times, that the vestry refused to receive it at
 the hands of the contractor. The roof is now falling in, and the ceiling has given way some years since. Each of the Bishops of Virginia  have preached in this decaying house, though not without some apprehension. Its present condition is truly distressing. The doors and  windows are gone. The fine bricks which case the windows and doors are gradually disappearing. Along the deserted aisles, and in the pews of this large eruciform church, measuring seventy-five feet in every direction, may now be seen the carriage, the wagon, the plow, the fishing-seine, barrels of tar and lime, lumber, and various implements of husbandry. The cattle have free admission to it, and the pavement of the aisles, and even the marble slab which covers the remains of one of the latest of its ministers, is covered with dirt and rubbish. The old bell which once summoned the neighbours to the house of God is lying in one of the pews near the falling pulpit. In the deserted chancel you look in vain for the Communion-table and the baptismal font, and there is too much reason to fear that these also are   used for purposes far other than those to which they were originally consecrated and applied. Some steps have recently been taken toward the repair of this large and venerable building, but whether they will be continued and the work consummated is still doubtful."

                               Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

  At the end of twenty years it pains me to say that my faintest hopes have been more than disappointed, and my worst fears more than realized, since not only every vestige of the house is removed and its site enclosed and cultivated with an adjoining field, but I cannot learn that there is a single family or even individual in the parish still connected with or attached to the Church. The whole population is  incorporated with other denominations. That worthy friend and member of our Church, Mr. Joseph Ball, of the old seat of Ditchley, was near enough to attend Wycomico, and in Romish days would have been regarded and called its patron saint. Some years after my last visit  to this falling church, he placed in my hands a rich service of Communion-plate which belonged to it, saying, that as he was the only surviving friend of the old church, and utterly despaired of its revival, he wished me to take charge of it and let it be used in some other parish. This I did, on the condition that if the parish ever revived it should receive back again the property of its ancestry. The vessels are now used in the congregation and church at Millwood, in Clarke county, and the condition of their loan is recorded in the vestry-book of the parish. The following inscription will also show that its date and use were far anterior to the establishment of old Frederick parish, out of which the parish about Millwood has been carved.

                               Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

  They are as follows:--on the tankard, "The gift of Bartholomew Shriver, who died in 1720, and of Bartholomew his son, who died in 1727, for the use of the parish of Great Wycomico, in the county of Northumberland, 1728." The inscription on the plate is, "The gift of Reynard Delafiae to Quantico Church." We know of no Quantico Church but that which stood near Dumfries, in Prince William county, and suppose that this plate must once have belonged to it. There is no date to the inscription. The cup, as will be seen hereafter, was the gift of Hancock Lee, in 1711.

                               Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

 I sincerely wish that it were in my power to give as good an account of the remnant of the old church itself. The following extract from my report to the Convention of 1841 will tell the history of the disposal of the walls of Wycomico Church:--

                               Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

     "Having thus briefly stated my Episcopal duties in the Northern Neck, I must beg leave to advert to a circumstance which was particularly presented to my consideration while near the site of one of our old churches in the county of Northumberland, and which has  been not a little misunderstood and even misrepresented in the public prints and on the floor of our Legislature. In the spring of 1840, I received a communication from Mr. Joseph Ball, an old and valued member of our Church in Northumberland, on the subject of the sale of the church in his neighbourhood. It was then just in that condition when, spoliation of the bricks having begun, it would become an object of plunder to all around and soon disappear. One of the neighbours, therefore, proposed to purchase it, and my consent was asked. I replied that I had no right whatever to dispose of it. Visiting that part of the State soon after, Mr. Ball informed me that a gentleman living near the church, and professing an attachment to it, declared that it distressed him to see the church thus treated; that in a short
 time not a brick would be left; that they would be used for hearths, chimneys, and such like purposes, all the country around; that, if Mr. Ball would consent, he would give five hundred dollars, either to rebuild it or to take it down,--the materials in the latter case being his own; that he had consulted a lawyer, who told him that the head of the Church could dispose of it. As Mr. Ball was an old warden of the parish and the only surviving member, the gentleman thought he might be regarded as the head; but, on being told that the Bishop was so regarded, it was referred to myself. In reply to the renewed proposal, I stated again that I had no right to sell it, and was unwilling to have any thing to do with it, as it might be misunderstood and misrepresented. On its being urged by Mr. Ball that a refusal to give such permission would only encourage great numbers to robbery, I at length said that, if he chose to sell it, I would receive the proceeds, and place them in the hands of the trustees of our Theological Seminary, to be returned should it ever be called for to build a church in its room. I was induced to do this partly by the consideration that our Convention had many years before passed a resolution calling upon persons having church-plate in vacant parishes to send it for safekeeping to the Bishop of the Diocese, liable to be called for should the parishes ever be revived. Such property has been given into the hands of Bishop Moore and myself, and has been lent to other parishes on
 that condition. I accordingly, in writing, stated my assent to the sale of the walls of the church (nothing else remaining) for five hundred dollars, giving what right I might be thought to have. I looked upon the transaction as an affair between the person proposing it, Mr. Ball, and myself, as friends to religion and the Church, who were desirous to prevent a dishonourable use of the remains of a building not likely to be wanted again, and as an act which would be approved by all good and pious persons. After having paid one-half of the money, the purchaser refused the remainder, on the plea of its having ben an improper sale. In order to prevent all future misunderstanding of this
 transaction, I have thought it best thus to place it among our records. The two hundred and fifty dollars which were paid were expended,  I believe, on the Chapel attached to our Theological Seminary, and I hold myself personally responsible for its return whenever any competent authority shall claim it."

                               Old Churches Ministers, and Families of Virginia.
                                             Article LIX.

  I am sorry to add that to this day the remaining two hundred and fifty dollars is unpaid. I trust that the descendants of the purchaser, even to the latest generation, will feel bound to Wycomico, even as the trustees of the Theological Seminary, for the part which has been used.

 
However, Miss Lucy Leland (22), John (l)'s great granddaughter, says he was buried at Point Pleasant.

There has been considerable confusion and difference of opinion between different members of the family as to the Lee connection. Cousin Lide Adams says, "Judith Smith had one sister, Ailsie Smith, who married Baldwin Mathews.' Their mother was Ann Lee, a sister to the Lucy Lee who was the second wife of John Leland (1) and the (mother of the) Uncle Charles of our grandfather, but they were, in association, brothers." (She refers to her grandfather Baldwin M. Leland and his half uncle, Charles Leland (7).) According to this, Lucy Lee's (2) maiden name was Lee -- that is, Thomas Lee married Lucy Lee.
    Note: From Lee of Virginia, additions & corrections for page 536.  Lee of Virginia, by Edmund Jennings Lee, 1895, Philadelphia, additions and corrections by Society of Lees of Virginia, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1983; Clearfield Company Inc.,1999-2000 edition:
        "vi, ANN4, born about 1733, died about 1769, married first, by 1754, George kerr of Northumberland Co., who died about 1761; married second, 25 February 1765, Thomas Gaskins, born about 1723, died about 1785, of Northumberland Co.
        vii, LUCY4, born 1735, died 30 March 1806, married first, as his second wife, Baldwin Matthews Smith of Northumberland Co., son of Philip Smith and Mary matthews, and widower of Frances Burgess, by whom he had had four children.  Baldwin Matthews and Lucy (Lee) Smith had two children, Judith Smith, who married John Leland, and Mildred Smith, who married Leroy Peachy.  Mrs. Lucy Lee Smith married second, 11 December 1772, as his second wife, William Montague, born about 1728, died 1784."
    The above mentioned Ann & Lucy are the daughters of Richard Lee3 & Judith Steptoe.  Upon the death of Richard Lee, the widow Judith Lee married Samuel Peachy, as witnessed by John Leeland.
    I am waiting for the Society of Lees of Virginia to furnish me with sources for this information.  R.M.Leland III, 1 September 2000.

John Leland (6) married Judith Smith, October 19th, 1775, in Lancaster County. She was probably the daughter of Baldwin Mathews Smith, mentioned in the Vestry Book under date of November 20th, 1746. In the same entry, Mr. Baldwin Mathews is mentioned.

According to the State Census for Lancaster County, 1783, Rev. John Leland (6) was the head of a family of six persons, and had thirteen slaves. The Census of 1785 shows nine in his family. Rev. John Leland (6) also officiated at the church at Farnham, Richmond Co., Virginia, at stated intervals in 1776.

It has been said that John Leland (6) married Eliza Campbell. This came about through a mistake by a commentator. Wise's Index to Bishop Meade's Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, pg. 61, says: "Leland, Rev. John, m. Eliza Campbell." What Bishop Meade says is, "Eliza Campbell married Mr. Leland." This was S. A. M. Leland (13) a grandson of Rev. John Leland (1). The children of John Leland (6) were:

John Lee Leland (27)
Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) born Mch. 11, 1780, died
Aug. 26, 1832
LeRoy Peachy Leland (29)
Maria Leland (30) died June 26, 1844

LeRoy Peachy Leland (29) married Ann G, Haggoman, Feb. 14, 1807, in Lancaster Co., Virginia. They had children as follows:

I. John Walter Leland (31) born Dec. 16, 1808, died Oct. 21, 1885
II. Leroy Griffin Leland (32)
III. Lucy Lee Leland (33)
IV. Mary Leland (34)


I. John Walter Leland (31) married first April 21, 1831, Priscilla Haynie.
Their children were:
 1. James Alexander Leland (35)
 2. Charles W. Leland (36)
 3. John Peachy Leland (37)

1. James Alexander Leland (35) married Mary Harcum. Their children


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 were :
a. Mollie Leland (38) married Charles Shackelford
b. John Gresham Leland (39) born May 5, 1863
c. Ellie Leland (40) married John Breeden
d. Nannie Leland (41) died single
e. Alexander Leland (42) married ______ Towles
 b. John Gresham Leland (39) m. first March 1, 1896, Nannie H. Towles. By his first marriage he had: Richard Earl
Leland (43), Mary E. Leland (44), John Gresham Leland, Jr.(45), who died in 1918. Married second, April 1936, Mrs.
Hattie Rawny. Children: Mary Leland (46) and Loring Hall Leland (47) who died at six months. Married third,
Mrs. Irene Jong - no issue.
 
2. Charles W. Leland (36) born 1833, married Willie Ann Harcum. Their children were:
a. James Leland (48) married Susan Haynie, one daughter, Hortense, deceased.
b. Charles Leland (49) died single
c. William Leland (50) died single
d. Ardenia Leland (51) married _____ Leonard - called Dennie and Lucy. Children:
Mildred Leonard, married Richard McKendree Davis, San Pedro, Calif.
Rachel Leonard, married __________ Amadee
Children: Charlotte Amadee, married Kelsey  Children : Francis Daniels Kelsey - b. May 1, 1948
               Lucille Amadee, married
e. Loyola Leland (52) died single
f. Maud Leland (53) married John Breeden
no issue

 
 

John Leland (6) and his wife were buried under the altar of the church at Wicomico, according to Eliza (Stevens) Adams, daughter of Judith (Leland) Stevens. Cousin "Lide" was the member of the family most interested in family history.

Will of John Leland (6), Dated Feb. 15, 1789.
Probated Lancaster County, June 15th, 1789.

To his wife, Judith, horses, carriages, furniture, etc. Desk and bookcase to Leroy Leland; Daughter Maria, second choice of bed. At the death of my wife the lands to be sold and equally divided between my three sons, Baldwin, John and Leroy, or such of them as may be living. My sister, Susanna to have a home gratis as long as she remains single.

The three sons to be schooled in the best and most expensive manner the estate will afford until they are 20.

My beloved wife to have use of and to handle whole estate to the best advantage to benefit herself and children, and should she remarry, etc., the 1/3 to be hers.
 

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Wife to be executrix and Col. Leroy Peachy and Cal. James Ball
Executors .

Signed in presence of Wm. Warren, Charles Leland, Sally Leland.
(Signed) John Leland
 
 
 

3. John Peachy Leland (37)

Charles W. Leland (36) was a lieutenant under Robt. E. Lee. He came home a mere skeleton and died soon after. John Peachy Leland (37) was killed in the war.

The farm of 100 acres owned by Mrs. Amadee and her sister, Mrs. Davis and their Aunt, is part of a Glebe farm of 1,000 acres that was set apart for the use of the minister, presumably John Leland (1). This farm was sold by the Diocese in 1788 to a Mr. Gresham and remained in the Gresham family until confiscated at the close of the Civil War, perhaps by connivance of carpet baggers and local people. Shortly before the Civil War, two Gresham girls married two Lelands, Charles W. (36) and John Peachy (37). After the confiscation the widows bought back 100 acres including the house, built before the Revolution and still standing. The above, which is from Mrs. Amadee, relayed by Mrs. Madge Leland Cochran, does not coincide with other information that Charles W. Leland (36) married Willie Ann Harcum. He may have been married twice, or there is some misunderstanding.

II. Leroy Griffin Leland (32) m. Nov. 30, 1841 - Ann Hubbard.
 They had:
1.  Alberta Leland (54)
2.  Lucy Lee Leland (55)
3.  Maria Leland (56)

Alberta Leland (54) married Thomas Towles and had children Lee, Octavius, Earl, Harry, Louise, all married except Harry and have children and grandchildren living in Lancaster County, Virginia.

 2.  Lucy Lee Leland (55) m. William N. Cundiff
   Children :

 a. Nancy Cundiff M. John Penney and they have 2 sons, Everett Penney and Arthur Penney, both married and have children.
 b. Rena Cundiff m. George L. Squiers and had 7 children Lloyd F. Squiers m. Ola Humphries and had Lloyd, George, Jane and Perry Leland Squiers.
Myrtle Squiers m. Richard Penney - 1 daughter, Dorothy Penney. Edgar Squiers died in infancy
  Gertrude Squiers m. Homer Dogget - no issue
  Leland Squiers
  Ethelyn Squiers m. Homer Loper - no children
  Dorothy Squiers m. Carroll Cundiff - no children
 c. Frank Cundiff m. Pearl Thompson - 4 children:
  Alcimina Cundiff M. Hathaway Lawson - 2 children
  William Lawson and Gertrude Lawson


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  Conrad Cundiff - single
  George Cundiff m. Ellie __________
  Russell Cundiff m. _______
 d. William Cundiff died single
 e. Lucy Lee Cundiff m, Randolph Carter - 2 children
    Imogene Carter m. Stuart Blackwell - 4
    children Hazel Carter m. Jett - one son


 3. Maria Leland (56) m.William Hartwell Brent and had Bernard C. Brent,b c1866, who m.c1885 Floria? and had 4 children:  1.Harold (Horace) Brent
                               2.Faye Brent m. James Meade Adams - 2 children
                                                 a.Evelyn Brent Adams m. ______ ______
                                                 b.James Meade Adams Jr.
                               3.C.Ethel Brent m. Walter R. Davies - 2 children
a. Elizabeth F. Davies
b. Mary C. Davies

                               William Leland Brent m. Lucellus ? Hathaway
and Ernest Brent who m. Gertrude Beane, 1 daughter Anna Bernard Brent m. 1st ______

 1. John Walter Leland (31) (1808-1886) m. 2nd, April 10, l853,  Elizabeth Frances Ann Lee, b. Dec. 20, 1828. d. Dec. 13, 1909.
    They had eleven children:

 1. Priscilla Frances Leland (57) b. July 20, 1854, d. April 13, 1929
 2. Leroy Lee Leland (58) b. July 12, 1856
 3. Ida Leland (59)
 4. Lucy Lee Leland (60)
 5. Betty Leland (61)
 6. John Leland (62)
 7. Ella Leland (63)
 8. Emma Leland (64)
 9. Lafayette Ball Leland (65)
 10. Arthur Leland (66) died in infancy
 11. Clara Leland (67) died in infancy
 Priscilla Frances Leland (57) m. Feb. 21, 1871, John W. Purucker of
 Baltimore, Maryland. Their children were:
  a. Margaret B. Purucker, single
  b. Elisabeth Purucker
  c. Marion Virginia Purucker
b.Elisabeth B. Purucker m. June 24, 1896, Charles Davis Arthur,  4 children
 w. Francis 0. Arthur, b. April 10, 1897
 x. Charles Davis Arthur, b. Oct. 25, 1900
 y. Gilbert S. Arthur, b. March 25, 1902
 z. Leroy Leland Arthur, b. Jan. 18, 1907
  w. Francis 0. Arthur, m. May 6, 1937, Agnes Paschall
  x. Charles Davis Arthur, m. Feb. 7, 1931, Anna Ball
     Thomas - 2 children
    Anna Ball Arthur, b. Aug. 7, 1932
    Elisabeth Lee Arthur, b, Jan. 7, 1935
  y. Gilbert S. Arthur, m. March 9, 1940, Catharine Hathaway
  z. Leroy Leland Arthur, m. Sept. 16, 1933, Gay Neff
   1 child
    Gay Elisabeth Arthur b. July 7, 1934
c. Marion Virginia Purucker, m. April 20, 1898, William Cork. Their son, William Dodd Cork, b. Oct. 3, 1899 m. Atitona Streiff of Wisconsin - no children


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 2. Leroy Lee Leland (58) m. Clara Holmes of Worcester, Mass.
  Children:
  1. Clara Frances Leland (68) single
  2. Edna Leland (69) single
  3. Nancy Leland (70) deceased

 3. Ida Leland (59) m. Captain Young Griffis
 4. Lucy Lee Leland (60) m. 1st Charles Ford, 2nd Nicholas Hurley -no children
 5. Betty Leland (61) m. Charles E. Kemp

  Children :
  a. Walter Kemp - deceased
  b. Milton Kemp, m. Helen McClanahan - no children
  c. Helen Kemp, m. Lieut. Com. Hubert Knowles - 1 daughter,
     Elaine
  d. Edwin Kemp, m. Marjorie ______ - 1 son
 6. John Leland (62) died single
 7. Ella Leland (63) died in infancy
 8. Emma Leland (64) m. James Culton - 2 children
  e. Leland Culton, m. Elisabeth has one son
  f. Evelyn Culton, m. Clifford Newell and they have
     Betsy Newell, m. George Jordon and have two daughters,
       Betsy and Penelope Jordan.
  9. Lafayette Ball Leland (65) m. 1st Wilhelmina Hainaret.  m. 2nd Mamie Waters - no children
 10. Arthur Leland (71) died in infancy
 11. Clara Leland (72) died in infancy

 III. Lucy Lee Leland (33) m. Dec. 9, 1833 James Anderson. Went West

 IV. Mary Leland (34) went West with the Andersons

In 1933 I visited John Gresham Leland (39) in Richmond, Virginia, where he was engaged in wholesale and retail leather and shoe findings. He told me that his grandfather, John Leland, had been the ward of my great-grandfather, Baldwin Mathews Leland, who had appropriated the fortune belonging to his ward. I did not attach much importance to this story as it is a familiar tale, how the bad Uncle stole the property of the orphan, when in most cases, the fortune, greatly magnified by the passage of time, does not cover the expenses of the orphan. Later I found that John Gresham Leland's grandfather was John Walter Leland (31), while Baldwin Mathews Leland's ward was John Baldwin Leland who died at about 16 years. Such confusion is common where members of a family have the same first name. .

Alexander Leland (42) lived at Mollusk, Va.

Maria Leland (30) married John Conway Eustace, June 26th, 1806. He was born Nov. 13th, 1781; died March 4th, l8l5. His father was William Eustace, who married Mary S . Wm. Eustace was an Ensign, 3rd Regular Virginia Line, Jan, 1st, 1781, Commission dated Oct. 7th, 1780. John Conway Eustace had a sister Agatha, who married James Ewell; a sister Ann married Willis Stork of Fredericksburg; and a brother, William Eustace1 who married _______ Sydnor.

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John Conway Eustace and his wife, Maria Leland (30) had one son, William Conway Eustace.

William Conway Eustace married first, Mary Ball, daughter of Williamson Ball. They had children: Lucy, born 1838, married Robert Graham Lowe of Texas. They had children - Wm. Lowe, an ensign in the U. S. Navy and Lucy Lowe - perhaps others.

John Conway, born 1840, C. S. A., killed in battle of Gettysburg; Nancy Carter, born 1842, married William Fellows of New York; The Fellows lived in a fine mansion in New York and had a daughter, Kate. William Tomlin, born 1844, C. S. A. of Athens, Texas, married twice but no children. He was at his brother's side when the latter was killed. His first wife was Ella Davis. His second was Martha Ellen Mitcham. He was an attorney and held office, always very much the Virginia Gentleman. He was a great reader and had a large library. The town of Eustace, Texas is named for him. He lived beyond his 80th year and is buried at Athens, Texas.

William Conway Eustace married, 2nd, Maria Hall and by her had two daughters: Maria Isabel, deceased, and Mary Elizabeth who married Mr. Brent. Mr. and Mrs. Brent of Kilmarneck, Virginia, have children as fellows: Clara, who married Mr. Allen, and 4 sons, Eustace, Everett, Sam and Dana of Kilmarneck, Va.

John Lee Leland (27) married Mary Pusey in Norfolk, Va. They had children: Rebecca Rathbun Leland, born Aug. 24, 1808, and John Baldwin Leland, born Jan. 15th, 1810. John Lee Leland (27) died June 16th, 1809, in Norfolk, Va., and his wife, Mary died Jan. 31st, 1810. Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) raised the orphans. John Baldwin Leland became insane while quite young and died at about 16. He was confined in a small stone house on the plantation.
I have no record of Rebecca Rathbun Leland,

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28), born March 11th, 1780, died Aug. 27th, 1832, married 1st, March 6, 1806, Elisabeth Fauntleroy Haggoman, who died July 2nd, 1824. There were four of the Haggoman girls, daughters of Captain John Haggoman and his wife, Mary Anne Jameson who were married in Accomac Co., June 18th, 1786. Captain John Haggoman served in the French and Indian war. Their daughters were: Nancy Haggoman, married Leroy Leland; Betsy Fauntleroy Haggoman married B. M. Leland; Sally Haggoman married Arthur Lee. Mary married, 1st, Griffin Lamkin, 2nd, Willis Garner, 3rd, Austin Haney.

Sally Haggoman, who died in 1883, was the first women signer of a temperance pledge in Virginia. She had children as follows: William Kendall Lee who married Miss Henderson and lived in Lancaster Co., Va. Arthur H. Lee died in 1891; Mary Lee married _______ Locke; John Haggoman Lee died in 1886; Joseph Ball Lee; George Lee, married Ellen Howsin; Richard Lee; Henry Lee.

George Lee was a merchant in Baltimore and was very much pleased to meet Elijah Stevens and Baldwin Mathews Leland Jr. on one of their buying trips in the East. He sent a present of fine black cloth for a dress to Elijah's daughter, Eliza Stevens Adams, mother of Leland Adams, Akron, Ohio. One line of the Haggomans descends from Governor Yardley of Virginia.

- 23 -
 

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) and his first wife, Elisabeth Fauntleroy Haggoman Leland, had children, vis:
 I. Judith Smith Leland (73), born April 10th, 1807 - died Oct. 28th, 1896. Buried at Zanesville, Ohio. Married, Jan, 19, 1842, Elijah Stevens, born Oct. 24th, 1804, Waterford, Ohio. Died, Jan. 23,1891. Buried Zanesville, Ohio.

II. Mary Jamieson Leland (74), born June 28, 1809, died Jan. 13, 1891. Buried at Ashmore, Illinois. Married Dec. 21, 1833, Edward Cox.

III. William Archibald Leland (75), born April 29, 1811, 11 P.M.  Died June 3, 1878. Buried at Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Married Margaret Warren Ish, born 1821, died 1896, of Leesburg, Louden County, Va. Buried at Tuscaloosa, Ala.

IV. Elisabeth Lombard Leland (76), born Feb. 15, 1813, died Sept. 1817 at Winchester, Va. Buried at Winchester, Va.

V.  Ann Maria Leland (77), born Dec. 29th, 1814, died April 27th, 1841, Cumberland, Ohio. Married Sept. 6, 1834, Peter P. Cox, his third wife.

VI. Sarah Moore Leland (78), born Jan. 13th, 1817, died Nov. 22, 1903. Married July, 1838, Rev. Amos Wiley, Methodist minister, at Charleston, Ills.

VII. Baldwin Mathews Leland Jr., (79), born June 20th, 1819, died June 16, 1897. Buried at Sharon, Ohio. Married Elisabeth Frances Stevens, born Dec. 10, 1832, died July 28, 1858.

VIII. Betsy Fauntleroy Leland (80), born Aug. 30, 1822, died Nov. 13, 1912. Buried at Cumberland, Ohio. Married Sept. 30, 1841, Wm. Foster Stevens, born 1818, died March 2, 1881. He was the only son of William Stevens, 1786-1862, and Sophronia Stevens, 1787-1872.

IX. John Augustin Charles Leland (81), born Jan. 25, 1824, died March 16, 1895. Buried at McConnelsville, Ohio, Married Dec. 10, 1845, Huldah Shepherd Stevens, born May 3, 1826, died April 6, 1866. Buried at McLean, Ills.

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28), married 2nd, Rebecca Ann Travers, daughter of Henry H. Travers, Jan. 25th, 1828. By her he had:

X.  Virginia Marion Leland (82), born Jan. 3, 1829. She lived five or six years.

XI. Lucy Rebecca Leland (83), born March 12th, 1830, died June 4th, 1899. Buried Baltimore, Md. Married Oct. 10th, 1852, William Morgan Newton, born June 7th, 1823, died April 27, 1890.

XII. Fabricius Baldwin Mathews Leland (84) born Aug. 18th, 1832, died Jan. 5th, 1893. Married Rebecca Ann Barkley, born at Lakesville, Dorchester Co. Md. Died Sept. 13, 1910.

- 24 -
 

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) lived at Cypress Farm about 2-1/4 miles from Cowart's Landing in the Northern part of Northumberland Co. This locality was called Cherry Point. The place was owned in 1933 by Garner Bros., Lewisetta, Va., and Mr. Garner said it had never been surveyed but had been deeded always as Cypress Farm, containing about 500 acres, evidently an error according to the following description:

Plat of the estate of B. M. Leland dec (in Cherry Point) surveyed April, 1833. Beginning at the mouth of Garner's Creek and running arund the Potowmac shore to old Judiths creek and with said creek across the canal and with the meanders of Cod creek to Gum tree at A thence with Cralles heirs 244 degrees W 74 poles to a Locust post at B, then passing a Gum S 36 degrees W 59 yd. po to cherry tree sane course to a Branch at C thence down a cove up Glebe creek and Cralles cove to D, thence up a branch to E thence on Cralles line N 8 W 4 po, thence N 11 degrees E along a large ditch 78 po to the neck road at F, thence across N degrees 4 W 6 po to A G Plummers line thence said line N 22 degrees 30'E 106 poles to the head of Garners Creek at G, and with the several meanders thereof to the Beginning which sd lines and natural boundaries Eight hundred and five acres of land.

Robt, Alexander
(Note A pole is 1 rod.)

The Commissioners appointed by a decree county court of Northumberland bearing date the day of and an amended decree the day which are hereto affixed to divide the real estate of which Baldwin M. Leland died seized and possessed among the heirs at law and distributees of the sd deceased as set forth in the said decree respectfully report, that they have performed so much of the sd duty as relates to the division of sd estate among the heirs at law, the dower of the widow of the said Baldwin
M. Leland having heretofore been assigned her and report thereof made to the court, that the said commissioners in the Division referred to conforming to the principles laid down in said decrees regarding the quality improvements and c of the said land proceeded on this day by allotment to divide the same as follows: First the Cherry Point lands.
Lot No. 1 62 acres drawn by Mary Cox
Lot No. 2 58  " " " Lucy R. Leland
Lot No. 3 10 acres containing the dwelling house any houses and
    appurtenances drawn by Ann Maria Leland.
Lot No. 4 57 acres drawn by Sally Leland
Lot No. 5 63 acres drawn by Augustus Leland
Lot No. 6 120 acres drawn by Judith Leland
Lot No. 7 60 acres drawn by Betsy Leland

This tract of land having been laid out in nine lots seven of which have been allotted to seven of the heirs as above set forth and the two other lots from the general deficiency of wood and timber on the said land and especially on lots N 1-2-3-4-5 and 6 and from the fact that most of the timber on this tract of land is upon these two lots of woodland they have been allotted in common as follows to wit A lot of 68 acres of woodland bounded on E by Judiths creek on the W by the line which divides it from Lots N 1-2 has been allotted to be held and used in common to these lots 1-2 and the lots of 86 acres of woodland B, bounded on the E by lot No. 7 on the W by Lot No. 4 on the N or N E by lot No. 6 and on the South

- 25 -
 

by Mrs. Rebecca Leland's dower land, has been allotted to be held and used
in common to lots 3-4-5-6 all of which will more fully and distinctly appear from a reference to the plat of the said Cherry Point tract of land which is hereto annexed as a part of this report, the rest of the real estate of sd decd called and known by the name of exeter Lodge estate being a separate and distinct tract of land has been divided into three lots as follows to-wit. Lot No. 1-225 drawn by Baldwin Leland Lot No. 2-234 acres drawn by Saml A. M. Leland in right of his purchase of Wm. Lelands int in B. M. Lelands real estate lot No. 3-243 acres drawn by Fabricius Leland; which will more fully appear from a reference to a plat of the sd Lodge Land hereto annexed as a part of this report. All of which is respectfully submitted etc. Given under our hands this 28th day of April, 1834.

W. Basye
Robt. Alexander
Wm. Harding
Returned in to Northumberland County Court the 14th day of Dec. 1835 and ordered to be recorded.

It was named for the Cypress trees bordering the drive. The house, built after the war of 1812 to replace a finer one destroyed by the British when they bombarded the shores of the Potomac and Washington D. C., is 32x60 with a hall extending through the width of the building, and a circular stairway leading from the first to the third floor. It is one of the few houses in Virginia with a circular stairway. There were ground floor and second story porches but they have disappeared along with the shutters, The slave quarters are gone but the smoke house is still in a good state. The Cowart family lived there after the Lelands left in 1836 and Miss Virginia Cowart and her brother, born there in the 1840's were still living in the vicinity in 1922.

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) was a lawyer and planter He furnished supplies for the United States Army in the War of 1812. He and his first wife are buried in unmarked graves in the burying ground on the farm. Her mother, Mary Jamieson Haggoman is also buried there. The graveyard is badly overgrown but two slabs are visible, Thomas Banks died 1684, and William Keene died 1697. They both married the same woman, She evidently outlived her two husbands and was not given a stone. Had Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) lived a few more years he would have been a resident of the state of Ohio as he was negotiating for land near Cincinnati at the time of his death. His intention was to free his slaves and come to the free state to bring up his children. After his death the family separated, some going to Illinois, some to Kentucky and later to Alabama.

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) signed a note for $20,000.00 for a friend and they had to sell the negroes to pay it. Betsy Leland Stevens (80) said, "The day of the sale they put Gus (81) and me in a room and drew the shades. We peeked and when we saw our Mammy on the block we became Republicans for life."

Judith Smith Leland (73) took her young sister Betty and brother Augustin and together with her sister, Ann Maria (77) and Ann's husband, Peter P. Cox and one child, left Fredericksburg, Va. May 1st, 1836, with all their possessions loaded on two wagons, and travelled over the Alleghany mountains, via the National Pike, arriving in Zanesville, Ohio, June 1st, 1836.

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Their neighbors and friends in Virginia, the Woods, had come to Ohio a few years before and settled at Woodgrove, Morgan County. The Lelands stayed with the Woods a short time while they looked for a location. Here are some extracts from the Memoirs of Elisabeth Turner (Wood) Eberlein, written for her son, Charles Wood Eberlein of Klamath Falls, Oregon, when she was quite elderly.  The Woods were near neighbors and great friends of the Lelands. They left Virginia a few years earlier and spent the last week at the Leland home. They were distant relatives, both families being descended from Colonial Governor Plater of Maryland, and cousins of Francis Scott Key.

"The morning Mrs. Alexander was buried (she was Mr. Grimstead's daughter), the Leland girls came over and Cousins Judith, Mary and Ann Maria, went with Ma and Father to the funeral: cousin Betsy stayed with us and they were all to take dinner with us. Ann was busily sweeping the dining room, in a hurry to set the table before they returned from the funeral. Sally and Betsy wanted her to go to the orchard to get them some apples. She said she would if they would "be setting on the table while she was gone: which they readily promised, promptly seating themselves on the table, where Ann found them and in dismay reminded them of their promise, which they had fulfilled to the letter          .

"The Coan River was three fourth of a mile wide here. Mr. Leland was our nearest neighbor and our families were very intimate, good friends. He had ten children, and had planned his house with a view to giving them all the enjoyment possible in a comfortable, beautiful home. There was a wide hall with a handsome, winding stair up three stories. There were many large rooms, with high ceilings and polished floors; it seemed to me the black women were always polishing them till they shone like mirrors. (The 10 children included the son and daughter of his brother, John Lee Leland, who were orphans).

"Cousin Judith, the oldest of the family, though very young when her mother died, was a noble girl and at once tried to take that Mother's place in the care of the family and the ordering of the household. She was faithful and very efficient. She, with her brothers and sisters, attended Ma's school, and "Mrs. Wood" was justly loved and honored by every one of them. There were no schools in that part of the country, but Ma taught her own children, and her neighbors wanted her to teach theirs also. At first it seemed to her impossible, her hands being already full, but realizing the situation, and being unselfish and always glad to help others, all in her power, she consented; a schoolhouse was built and she taught the last three years we were in Virginia.

"We often visited at Mr. Leland's, and they were very frequent and most welcome guests with us. They all came to school to Ma, and the girls would very often stay all night, which we children enjoyed as well as Ma and Father did. They were fine playfellows and made the summer comings delightful for us - running about the yard and playing games with us till our bedtime, and seemed to enjoy it as much as we. Their kindness in making their little children happy was highly appreciated by Ma and Father. Father and Ma were sociable, cheerful and lively; interested in all the life and progress of the world. Among my earliest impressions was intense interest in missionaries; especially Mr. and Mrs. Judson. Ministers were always welcome; and sometimes when they were there Ma would have the Leland

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girls stay with us. Father was a fine singer, with a beautiful voice and Ma loved music. Cousin Ann Maria Leland was a beautiful singer, in every sense of the word: so we always had vecal music, for besides hymns, which were as our daily breath, Father had a mine of songs - Scotch, Irish and English, which was a never-failing source of delight to us. One night when these friends were at our house, being awakened by hearing for the first time "From Greenland's icy mountains, " etc. sung by these beautiful voices, with all the fervor that the words inspired, it seemed like the music of heaven to me, and made a life long impression. As there was no church to attend on Sunday, Uncle George sent a box of books that were worth their weight in gold; and after reading the Bible, Ma read and told us stories, To have her read and tell stories, was one of the greatest pleasures of our life, which we enjoyed just as well when we were elder. The Lelands were as fond of it as Ma's own children. (A few years before we left Woodgrove, Cousin Mary (Leland) Cox, made a visit to Ohio with her children .

On Sunday she would bring all her six children to listen to "Aunt Wood" read; and she enjoyed the reading as she did when she was young. . . . . .

"We often visited at Mr. Leland's, and once a year our whole family were invited to spend some days and nights at their house, and once a year their whole family were invited to spend the day with us. Mr. Leland was an old man, arid very feeble: the last time they were at our house, ho laid on the sofa in the sitting room most of the time. I see him now, plainly as I did then. . . . . .

Note: He was 52 when he died. No doubt seemed very old to a child.

"We spent our last week in Northumberland, at Mr. Leland's, We improved every minute and had the best time, One day Father and Mr. Leland went to Heathsville, - the court house, nine miles away; as there were men who owed Father, and he was to meet them there that day, to receive his money. At dusk, Cousin Judith sent Gus (Note: the writer's grandfather, J. A. C, Leland, 1824-95) to the kitchen with some order to Aunt Letty, the cook, about supper; Georgia and I ran along with him. It was dark in the kitchen but for the firelight. In one end of the long room were several great, strange negro men. Gus told his errand, but Aunt Letty looked at Georgia and me so spitefully and said hatefully to us,- "You bettah go into de house; you don' b'long heah, no how. " It was the first unkind word a colored person ever said to us, and was an awful shock. That picture is indelible - the firelit room, the dark, strange faces and Aunt Letty's angry scowl. We had come skipping in, fearless and happy as sparrows, but were so frightened that it was good to "Go in de house." Our report caused great consternation, This was in 1831 and the Nat Turner insurrection was still a horror, whose ghost could not be laid. The negroes knew that Father and Mr. Leland were away and there was a houseful of helpless women and children. I suppose the supper was to wait for Father and Mr. Leland; it was certainly entirely forgotten. We all huddled together in Cousin Judith's room which she shared with Grandma Flannery. There were Grandma, Cousin Judith and her six brothers and sisters, - Ma with her six children and Ann: then poor Mrs. Leland, the second wife, (Note: Evidently Aunt Judith and stepmother were conducting different establishments in the house.) came up asking if she and her children couldn't find room with us. The room was large, but it seemed comforting for us to be crowded together; and erie enough to make it intensely interesting to us little children. Ma was there and nothing ever seemed very dreadful when she was with us.

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The hours passed and as one and anothor would listen, they heard the negroes whispering downstairs. Of course Ma and all were very anxious as it was known that Father was to receive money: as they had certainly expected to be at home before dark, it appeared that something must have happened to them. (Ma always kept some kind of weapon for defense when Father was away from home, as occasionally he had to go to Washington. She used to keep the axe at the head of her bed.) The gun rack was in the great hall at Mr. Leland's, and Ma said if someone would go with her, she would bring them up: as no one offered Ann said, "I'll go with you Mis' Liza. " Ann would have gone anywhere with "Mis' Liza" and would have done anything she could for her. They brought up the guns, then waited, listening at the windows for Father and Mr. Leland, and at the head of the stair, for they knew not what. At 11 o'clock they heard the tread of horses and voices, and at once, Ma recognized Father's. The men Father was to meet did not come until so late, it was after dark before they left Heathsville. So our night of terror ended in peace and happiness."

Note on Nat Turner's Insurrection:
Nat Turner, a slave, from his childhood thought he was set apart for some great purpose. He claimed to see visions and hear voices. He received a command to kill his enemies. On August 28th, 1831, he and a few companions killed five of his masters s family. The conspirators soon numbered over 50. Fifty-five whites were killed, Seventeen negroes were executed. At this time there was a strong movement in Virginia toward freeing the slaves. This was checked by the insurrection. More stringent slave laws were passed and free negroes were repressed,

I have thought of three possible reasons why Aunt Letty spoke so crossly to the little girls -
1. She may have been disgruntled on account of the extra cooking for the company.
2. She may have feared for the children's lives and took that way of getting them out quickly.
3. This may have been a play to make the strange negroes think she was in sympathy with them,
Many negroes were compelled by threats to join the rebels,

"John and Priscilla Leland (John Walter Leland (31) and Priscilla Haynie) cousins of our friends had just been married, and came to Ohio with us.

" Father had been advised not to bring any of our household goods, not even beds; but Ma would bring her beds. It was said it would cost less to buy after we reached our destination, than to bring them, There was little that we tried to sell, - we gave everything away: not a piece of china, not a looking glass did we bring. We only brought pewter plates and enough commonest cups and saucers to serve on our journey. Grandma Flannery brought her bureau and her looking-glass. In Washington we bought a large covered wagon, and Old Tom, a strong, dray horse. Into this wagon we put our bedding, Grandma's bureau, Grandma, Mrs. and Mr. Leland. Mr. Leland had a young horse, Waller: he drove him and Old Tom in the wagon. Down this mountain Waller ran off, and the wagon, striking a stump, was broken. If sensible Old Tom had not so resolutely and so sturdily held back, they might have all been killed, There we had to stop till the next morning at the Clear Spring Tavern. It was a lovely place, just at the foot of the mountain: we were delighted to stand on the porch at the back of the house, and watch the clear water rushing down. . . . . .

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"To our first Thanksgiving dinner at Woodgrove, Ma invited old Mr.Harding's family: he was the father of Lewis Harding one of our nearest neighbors, and father of Elijah Stevens' first wife. . . . . .

"Cousin Mary and Cousin Ann Maria Leland, were both married before Father died, and their Father died the same year Father did. The next year, the Leland family separated; Baldwin and Sallie went to Illinois with Cousin Mary and her husband, Edward Cox: Judith, Betsy and Gus, came to Ohio with Cousin Ann, Mrs. Peter Cox, They stayed at our house at Woodgrove, three months, till Mr. Cox bought a farm near Cumberland, So we renewed old Virginia times, - but only after a fashion: - "There is no Father," - as Fred grieved when Father died, - "I shall get well, but there'll be no Father. "

Note: Ann, the slave woman brought to Ohio by the Woods, lived to be over 100 years old. She was born in 1808. Her married name was Kellis. From 1840 to her death, she lived in Zanesville, Ohio.

Peter P. Cox bought a farm near Cumberland, Guernsey Co., Ohio, and Judith, with Betty and Augustin, bought a house in the village of Cumberland and made a living for the young ones with her needle, with which she was an expert. I have seen her sampler, a complicated piece of needlework, inscribed, "JUDITH LELAND Aged SEVEN YEARS."

January 19th, 1842, Judith Smith Leland (73) married Elijah Stevens, born at Waterford, Ohio, Oct. 29, 1804, died Zanesville, Ohio, Jan. 23, 1891. She was his second wife. His first wife was Jocasta Harding, whom he married, Dec. 29, 1825. She lies buried in Lebanon Churchyard, nine miles east of McConnellsville, Morgan Co., Ohio, and her sandstone slab reads as follows: "In memory of Jocasta, consort of Elijah Stevens who departed this life, Aug. 12, 1841, aged 33 years and 12 days." The monument is crumbling and will soon be illegible. Near her grave is the grave of little Baldy Leland (138) who died at the age of 10. He was a hunchback.

Elijah Stevens was the big business man of the region, having several stores and tobacco warehouses. In his latter years they lived at Zanesville, Ohio. His children by Judith Smith Leland (73) were Eliza Wood Stevens and Virginia Leland Stevens.

Eliza Wood Stevens married Moses Pascal Adams, Dec. 29th, 1870. She died May 1st, 1933. They had
Henry Stevens Adams, born Sept. 21, 1871, died July 12, 1905 unmarried.
Leland Rose Adams, born July 29, 1876, married Charlotte Morris Nelson, Dec, 18th, 1900.
Virginia Leland Adams, born Dec. 29, 1880, died Aug. 17th, 1917, unmarried.

To Leland Rose Adams, and Charlotte Morris Nelson, were born:
Leland Nelson Adams, born Sept. 2nd, 1903, died Dec. 22, 1918. Virginia Louise Adams, born Oct. 24th, 1905, married June 21st, 1928, Paul Horning Zimmerman. The Zimmerman children are:
James Nelson Zimmerman, born July 21, 1929
Paul Horning Zimmerman, born Jan. 28, 1935
Charlotte Emily Zimmerman, born Dec. 31st, 1936

Moses Pascal Adams' mother was Rachel Rose and her father was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

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Leland R. Adams grew up in Zanesville, Ohio. He received his business training under Leland Hume of Nashville, Tennessee in the American Tel. & Tel. Co., for 13 years. Was with Interurban R. R. Zanesville, Ohio. Rebuilt the C. P. & E. R. R. Cleveland to Ashtabula. Went to Boston, Mass and was Electrical Supt. for Bay State Ry for 8 years. For about 20 years he was an executive of Firestone Steel Products Ca,, Akron, Ohio, and is now, 1940, in Pneumatic tools for heavy industries with headquarters at Meridian, Miss.

Virginia Leland Stevens married Seth McFarlane. He was in the marble business and they lived many years in Carrara, Italy. No children.

Elijah Stevens was living at Zeno, Ohio when General John Morgan made his raid through Ohio during the Civil War, Morgan's raiders were hotly pursued by the Union forces and as their horses played out they seized others. When they came to the Stevens place, the two girls, Eliza and Virginia were at school, some distance away and had their horses with them. Aunt Judith told Morgan that she grew up in Virginia and sympathized with the South and asked him not to take the girls' horses when they passed the schoolhouse. The General promptly sent a detail and escorted the young ladies home in style. Charles Wood Eberlein, Klamath Falls, Oregon, told me in June, 1942 that this chivalrous action on the part of General Morgan did not prevent their taking all the horses when they left. I don't believe Aunt Judith was ever fully reconstructed, and my father said she made a Rebel out of Uncle Lige, though he by descent was a Connecticut Yankee.

Mary Jamieson Leland (74) born June 28th, 1809, died Jan. 13, 1891 at Ashmore, Ills. She married Edward Cox in Virginia, Dec. 21st, 1833. He was a fine penman as shown by his report of his guardianship of his wife's younger brothers and sisters, Ann Maria, Elisabeth Fauntleroy, Sally Moore, Baldwin Mathews and John A. C. This document is dated Aug. 21st, 1835. Does not state what period it covers, but he received $2.00 for each ward -$10.00 in all. They left Virginia soon after this and after a short stay in Ohio, continued to Illinois, settling near Ashmore, Conditions were pretty hard in that new country as shown by some of the letters to her sister Judith:

April 26th, 1842

My dear sister Judith:

I have very little time to write but I have determined to write to you if but a half a dozen lines. I suppose the reason I have not heard from you before this is because I have not answered your last, but I know you will excuse me when I tell you that we have been without paper for a long time and never got any until yesterday. I am glad to tell you that we are all tolerably well & sincerely hope this may find you all in good health. I received a letter from sister Margaret that gave us very unexpected intelligence of your marriage. My dear sister I suppose it is a fact that you are married. Oh I do wish you all the Happiness that a Connubial state can afford and that you may spend your days in the faithful service of God, do I ask it as a particular favor as soon as you receive this answer it and as I can't have the pleasure of seeing you, tell me all about how you are situated and who you have married, let me hear from dear Augustin and my dear sister's little children. Hannah and Lizzy often talk of their little cousins and cry and tell me that they love them so well because they have no mother, let us hear from cousin

- 31 -
 

Peter & from Mrs. Wood's family if you please. My dear sister Judith I hope you and dear Betsy will try & write to me oftener. I think you have slighted me a great deal but I forgive you if you could know how I am situated you would write oftener.
I am going to make another request of you, do try and come to see us this spring how glad I would be to see any of you cant Betsy come Oh I wish she would do sister Judith try to persuade your husband to bring you this spring you can come now better than you will over be able to come hereafter, try to come and get Betsy to come with you, we are very poor but we would be the more rejoiced to see you does Augustin never talk of trying to come & see us? We have been looking for Cousin Peter this spring & still hope that ho may come. I think if you could all see this Country you would fall in love with it.  It looks lovely at this time it seems more like the last of May than April. We are still hoping to sell because we are so involved we are obliged to sell to pay our debts & the remainder we will take go somewhere, we have not determined yet we sometimes talk of going to Ohio; 0 how glad I would be to live near you once more I would feel like I had got home once more. I know I would be willing to live on bread & water from here to Ohio for the sake of seeing you but that can never be for you do not know half how poor we are & if ever I see your dear face on earth you will have to come & see me. When I heard from Sally her Husband's Health was very poor they talked of locating. Now my sister, I must conclude My dear Edward & my little children unite with me in love to you all. Kiss the dear little children for me. Farewell my sister may we meet in Heaven is the Prayer of your sister
Mary J. Cox

After I finished my letter I read it to Hannah she asked me with tears in her eyes to ask her Aunt Judith to bring her little cousins with her and we all wish it as much as Hannah. I must ask you all sister Judith to pay the postage on the letters you write to us until times are better with us I will not pain you by telling you of our necessity. Please excuse this for I am ashamed to send it.

Your sincere sister,

Mary J. Cox

Excerpts from letters of Mary J. Leland Cox:
Charleston, Ills. October the 26th, 1847

My very dear Sister Judith, I feel that it is my duty to make an apology to you for my long silence. Notwithstanding I have had much affliction and many real hindrances. The 24th of August I had another Babe, but the Lord who gave it has taken it away & it is my desire to bow in humble submission to the will of my Heavenly Father . . . . . One after another until three dear ones are gone & I expect through Grace to moot them beyond this world of affliction. . . . . . Hannah is just thirteen and Lizzie ten and Ann Maria six. . . . . . they do our work without hiring any help, they have spun about fifty pounds of rolls this year. We have nearly all of our weaving done which we pay for with fruit and Knitting. We have dried about nine Bushels of Fruit & made our Apple Butter. . . . . . Please give our love to everyone of your dear family, to dear Betsy and family, to dear

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Baldwin, Augustin & Huldah, to dear Mrs. Wood and family Edward and children unite with me in love to Br, Stevens yourself and family Kiss dear Eliza for us Again farewell may we meet in heaven.

Yours,
M. J. Cox
 

Charleston, Ills. July 25th, 1849
My own dear sister Judith

I think last september twelve months I wrote you since that time I have not had a line from you my dear sister nor have I had a line from my dear sister Betsy, Baldwin or Augustin I ask my dear sisters and brothers why you do not write. . . . .

I have six children and poor health. . . . .

There have been very many changes in this settlement since I saw you we have some excellent society now. . . . We had no meeting house then now we have two. The Old Presbyterians and Cumberlands each have a Sabbath School We still have regular preaching at our house and are glad to have it and the good society also. . . . William is learning to milk. . . . Roberta is a fine little girl with as curly a head as you ever saw. Ellen Miller is a fine sprightly babe. . . .

Since the birth of my youngest child I wrote to Br. William in conclusion I wrote that if I did not think my constitution was so near worn out I wd ask his advice I did not think that sentence would awaken all his Brotherly feeling for me. Br. Wm wrote me and his wife also & I judged from his letter that Baldwin is married, . .

Write me about Nancy, Frances, James, Sarah and dear Eliza & give my love to dear Mrs. Wood, Remember me to sister Rachel Jane Stevens, Eliza Smith Old sister Workman. . . . Farewell sister may we meet in heaven

M. J. C.

Letter from Mary Jamieson Cox to her brother, Baldwin Leland, on the back of her husband's letter to him of Oct. 5, 1849.

My dear Brother:

We have not received a line from you since we loft Ohio. I have written to Sister Judith twice to Betsy once and to Augustin once but not a word can I hear from Ohio. . . . . I expect my dear Brother to hear that you are married I hope you have made a happy choice & I sincerely wish you all the happiness this world can afford and more. Prepare to meet thy God. If you have never sincerely thought of this matter be persuaded by me that loves you to begin. Seek first the Kingdom of Heaven, let the Bible the word of God be your guide                Farewell my dear Br. may we so live as to meet in Heaven is the prayer of your affectionate Sister
Mary J. Cox

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The letter from Edward Cox:

Oct. 5, 1849
Dear Baldwin:

I have not had a line from you since we parted in Ohio and have concluded to write you this leaves us in the enjoyment of tolerably good health and ardontly hope this may find you and friends in good health our country for the last two seasons has been very healthy and the improvements are so great you would scarcely know it to be the same country Charleston has ten stores and will soon have a block of buildings that will encircle the public square in the public square is e courthouse and 2 offices there is a brick jail in the north part of the town and 4 meeting houses, two printing offices, three saddle shops, one tinware shop, three shoe and boot shops, 3 or 4 blacksmith shops and two wagon shops, 3 or 4 cabinet shops and as many carpenters and Joiners

I was asking one of the merchants in town a few days ago what amt of goods were sold annually he said about $80,000. I said it appeared to be a large amount for the county he asked me what surplus amount of stock and grain was raised in the county I said it would be impossible for me to say he said there was $4. or $500,000 worth the praries are largely grazed on the wolf hill there can be seen from it some 8 or 10 herds of cattle at a single view containing some 15 hd or 2000 cattle our country is great for cattle, and horses and hogs, I have given you seine of the particulars and hope you will think enough of me to do likewise remember me to all our friends particularly the two Messrs Stevens and families and Augustin and his and I believe yours
truly yours E. Cox

Letter from Mary Jameson Cox
 to her sister Judith  Charleston, Ills. June the 16th, 1851

My own dear Sister Judith
I sincerely trust you will excuse me for not writing to you About two years ago I received a letter from you. I felt truly thankful to you for it, but that precious letter I have never set down to answer until now. . . . I do not think there is an hour in the day but what I think of my dear friends in Ohio             I think if our family was not so large I would willingly go in the wagon to see you all again but my dear Edward thinks we can never undertake such a trip again . . . . .
Do not think I have forgotten dear Mrs. Woods family. I have not heard a word from them for several years the last I heard was simply that she had moved to McConnelsville I have not heard whether old Mrs. F. is alive or not (Note: Mrs. Flannery was Mrs. Woods' grandmother. She came with the Woods and never was reconciled to the move but spent the rest of her life contrasting the hardships of Ohio with the glories of Virginia.) My dear Sister, we have had some very serious afflictions in our family since I last wrote you                   Our dear Hannah has had a swelling in her neck that has distressed us much Physicians call it Goitre her neck was swelled to an alarming size at one time. She was advised to use W. B. Farell's Arabian linament & I am truly glad to say that I think it has taken at least two thirds of the swelling away and I have reason to hope that it will take it entirely away.

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My dear Lizzie's affliction is the greatest I inferred from Baldwin's letter that you had heard of it. Last July a few days before she was thirteen years old she had a serious fit I never can tell you the deep sorrow it has caused me since that time she has had three more, you must know I am afraid she will always be subject to them, tho I humbly trust she may recover. I am trying to put my trust in Him who is able to heal. (Note:
Lizzie recovered) . . . .
My dear sister will you do me the favor to learn of Mrs. Wood what she did for her neck when it was swelled The children are all about me asking me to write you about their little Brother who is a great pet with all, he will be ten months old the 20th of this month - Charles Edward is his name tell Augustin, Charles is in remembrance of him . . . . . . This year Brother Wiley has a circuit . . . . .
I remain your affectionate Sister
Mary J. Cox

Ashmore, Coles Co. April 13th 1856

My ever dear Sister Judith

Yesterday the 12th I was in Charleston and received your long looked for, dear and welcome letter 0 with what pleasure did I read that you expected to pay us a visit in May . . . . . . I have often thought my dear Sister if I could see you it would soften the Sorrows of my life . . . . There is a Mr. Ficklin in Charleston a celebrated lawyer & member of Congress for several years, who was e particular friend and acquaintance of my dear Husband & I having need of advise (as Mr. Ellington is no more) thought I would advise with him so I went to his house, Mrs. Ficklin sent for him . . . . Old Mrs. Ficklin inquired whore I was from. . . . I found she was born and raised in old Northumberland, a granddaughter of Old Capt Cralle's who married our Aunt
Oh could I tell you how I miss my dear precious Edward, I often think if I had one hour to spend with him again but those pleasant hours are gone. 1 do not know whether or not you have heard that my dear Hannah is married, she was the 20th of last Sept. to Charles Pierce & is living about 30 miles east of Chicago . . . . Oh how sorely grieved was I to learn of the affliction of dear Augustin's little boy (Note: Little Baldy the hunchback) . . . .
I forgot to tell you Lizzie went in to be examined by the S. Co. (Committee?) to teach school, she bore a close one without missing an answer I expect she will commence this week. Direct to Ashmore, Coles Co. if you write it is less than a mile from us . . . . .

Your affectionate Sister
Mary Cox

Mary J. Cox to Judith, June 6th, 1850

This long letter was written in installments in answer to one received two months before. She says, "I will write you that we are as well as usual (or nearly so)." She is worrying about Sister Sally Wiley's situation and about John and Lizzie Cox, her sister Ann Maria's children. The father, Peter B. Cox has married again and John and Lizzie have gone back from Clarke County, Ohio, to their relatives at Cumberland, Ohio. She quotes Peter, "poor children! They have few to love them now. " Stepmother trouble

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apparently. Lizzie is married to Mr. Gallup and has a boy 2 months old
named Frederic Cox Gallup. Gallup is a lawyer and they have located at Paris, Ills.

June 7th Roberta has been suffering with toothache. Only Roberta and Ellen are at home as Annie is with Hannah, going to school. "I hope to see my dear Hannah this fall she is as good 4..ey as ever." Perhaps great aunt Mary was afraid the "pretty" was not literally true. "Willie is nearly grown will be 19 tho 22nd of this month is nearly as large as his father was reminds me of him, tho' he has dark eyes Charlie is a fine healthy sprightly little boy, begins to help Willie a good deal."

June 23rd, "Today we have put out e large washing and 1 have written to Cousin Peter offering him 60 acres of our best timber land to pay the debt we owe him . . . . . It is impossible these hard times for me to raise money . . . . . I think, indeed I know I have never felt such heavy care as to how I should provide for my family. Since I commenced this letter we have lost the last horse we had that Wm. could depend on for a crop . . . . Oh how ungrateful we are if we murmur may we be preserved from it. Wed. July 7th since I commenced this the times are harder than ever in consequence of the failure of crops." Too much rain. "We have upwards of twenty acres in oats, one week ago they were thought good now I do not reckon they are worth a dollar, destroyed by the rust. The wheat and rye are good and a great deal of buckwheat sowed but we have no small grain Flour can be bought for $4 per barrel We have one piece of land rented for $100 in cash. There is allmost an entire failure of fruit I do not think we shall have 10 bushels. Do write soon Your own Sister

Mary J. Cox

June 11, 1859

My Dearest Sister

I received your very kind letter a few days ago, inclosed was ten dollars, -Well I have been sitting with my pen raised, my mind wandering back till my eyes were brim full of tears thinking how I could thank you for your very prompt attention to a sister in need Oh, I cannot, I have no language to suit me, you can feel, - it is so hard to be in need & have to tell it, do not sweet Sister send me any more money, I will return this as soon as I can, but I cannot say when, for indeed the times are hard with us. I have one loss after another with much affliction until I have felt want more than I ever have in my life - - Willie and Annie have gone to Charleston today. Willie took the money along to try to procure something to make bread it is scarce and high nothing but money will buy it. I have never seen such times before. Annie went to try to dispose of some nice needlework.

You wish to know how we are getting along and how my health is, my health is better at this time, tho I have suffered much since I wrote last my dropsical symptoms are nearly all gone, I hope to get well again if it be the will of the Lord My Sister you know from all I have wrote that we do not get along very well, need I tell you we miss the Husband & Father our dear earthly Protector but we will cherish his sweet memory while we live, try to do the best we can & trust in our Heavenly Father. I pray that I may be preserved from murmuring . . . . Our corn and garden are good considering the dry weather, I think we have plenty of fruit for our own use

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& I hope some to spare . . . . Monday the 13th We had a fine rain last night Wm. & Annie got home safely Saturday night & succeeded very well in what they undertook. . . .

Please tell me the names of some of my nieces and nephews Betsy's youngest, Baldwin's youngest & the names of all of Augustin's children, How is the dear little lame one Remember me especially to Br. Stevens. Farewell my own Sister, if we never lm3et on earth again may we meet in that happy world where there will be no parting.

Your affectionate Sister
Mary J. Cox

In 1845 they drove back to Cumberland, Ohio in a covered wagon. Edward went on to Virginia horseback leaving the family at Cumberland. They buried a little girl while there. They had children as follows:

 I. Hannah, born in Virginia, married Charles Pierce. They had one child who died young. Hannah died in Louisiana.
 II. Lizzie married Henry Gallup. They had one boy who died young. After Henry Gallup's death she married Captain Thomas B. Rogers. They lost two young children and she died in New Orleans.
 III. William Leland Cox, born June 22nd 1839, died April 4th, 1921. He was a soldier in the Union Army. William Leland Cox married Martha VanSickle and they had:
   1. Charles Cox born Feb. 16th, 1870, died 1947 and daughter -
   2. Leland Cox born March 10th, 1878. Charles Cox married Ida Bull and they have children:
    a.  Leland Cox born Dec. 24th, 1894, married Virgie Alexander
      and they have two children, Helen Cox and Lewis Cox,
    b.  Mary Cox born Nov. 28th, 1896, married Jock Woodfall  and has children, Charles Woodfall, Martha Jean Wood-fall, Jerry Woodfall, Joe Woodfall and William Woodfall
    c.  Eva Cox, born March 20th, 1898, married ______Smith. They have one daughter Barbara Ellen Smith
    d.  Clifford Cox born April 4th, 1900, married Mabel Waters and they have one boy, William Cox
    e.  Dorothy Cox, born May 31, 1906, married ______ Duffell They have one son, Ralph Eugene Duffell
Eva Cox Smith and Dorothy Cox Duffell live in Chicago, Illinois. The other members of Charles Cox's family live at Charleston, Ill.
  2. Leland (Lela) Cox born March 10th, 1878, married Dr. Austin of Charleston, Ill. They have one daughter, Winifred Austin who married ______ Shea and has a son, William Thomas Shea, born 11-14-41. They live in Mattoon, Ill.

 IV. Anna Maria Cox married Capt. L. C. Thornton, a veteran of the Civil War. They had daughters, 1. Mary and 2. Leland, and a son, 3. Herbert. Mary Thornton married W. L. Kirkpatrick. Both deceased and no issue, Herbert Thornton was a railroad man and was kil1ed in an accident. He was unmarried.

  2. Leland Thornton married Neil G. Grubb. They live in Tulsa, Oklahoma. They have children:
   a. Maurice T. Grubb married Naomi _____ They have a

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    daughter Jacqueline Grubb who married ______
    in October 1940
   b. Elinor Grubb married Judge Bradford Williams, They have a daughter Ann Leland Williams born Feb. 2, 1941.
   c. Howard Grubb, married 1941 ______ They have one daughter, Julia Leland Grubb.

Neil G. Grubb and Howard Grubb are Building Contractors in Tulsa, Oklahoma and Maurice Grubb is prominent in oil circles in Houston, Texas.

 V. Roberta V. Cox, born Dec. 27th, 1845, married Frank O'Brien of Kansas, Ill. Feb. 6, 1873. She died July 6, 1897. They had three children.
   l. George O'Brien died in infancy
   2. Sallie O'Brien, unmarried, died Aug. 1, 1950
   3. Bertie O'Brien, died 1947. Married E. E. Covalt, died March 1941. They had two children, Frank Covalt, born Aug. 30, 1914, married Frances Settles, Feb. 1, 1941, and Elisabeth Covalt, born Feb. 28, 1917, married Luther Kern, May 12, 1937 - one son Robert Stephen Kern, born Feb. 5, 1941
 VI. Ellen Miller Cox, born Aug. 5, 1848, married W. E. Kimball, June 4, 1878, died June 17, 1932. Their children:
   l. John Kimball, died young
   2. Moma Kimball, died young
   3. Eva Kimball, born Aug. 23, 1889, married Babb. One son, Leland Babb, born Nov. 14, 1914. Married
    June Gillum, Aug. 23, 1937.
 VII. Charles Edward Cox, born Aug. 20, 1850, married Effie Roseboom. They had:
   l. Earl Cox, married Bessie Davis and they have four children: William, who married Nina Van Scoit, Judy Cox, Evelyn Cox and Mary Cox.
   2. Eugene Donald Cox, born Feb. 28, 1888, married 1st Leona Tillman - one daughter, Jean Arlene Cox, born June 16th, 1919, married Arbuckle, lives in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Arbuckle employed by Fire Department, Oklahoma City. Leona Tillman was raised near Perry, Oklahoma and was part Otoe Indian. Eugene's second wife was Belva Green, Earl Cox lived in Mattoon, Ill. and Eugene in Omaha, Nebraska

William Archibald Leland (75), born in Northumberland Co., Virginia, April 29th, 1811, died June 3, 1878 at Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He grew up at Cypress Farm. He attended the University of Pennsylvania and lived the life of a young gentleman of Virginia of the period and there wore gay times when he and some of his schoolmates spent their vacations on the Plantation. I have seen one of his pair of muzzle loading dueling pistols but have not heard whether he over used them. When the family broke up in the early 1830's ho went to Kentucky and later located at Tuscaloosa, Alabama. In March, 1843 he graduated at Jefferson Medical School, Philadelphia. The subject of his thesis was "Yellow Fever" then prevalent in the South. He practiced in Tuscaloosa till his death, June 3, 1878, except during the Civil War, when he was a surgeon in the Confederate Army. His great-granddaughter, Rebecca Leland, told the writer that he insisted that

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his patients obey his orders and if they did not he would "whip" them.
He was a man who believed in absolute honesty; hated subterfuge in any form. Was intolerant of ignorance in others. Some years after he located in Tuscaloosa, some slave dealers came through with a gang of slaves which they had purchased in Virginia. Among them were two from the old Leland plantation. On seeing Uncle William they cried out, "Massa Will, save us! Massa Will, save us!" William bought them and kept them for the rest of their lives.

On Jan. 20th, 1838 he married Margaret Warren Ish of Leesburg, Louden Co., Va., daughter of Peter Ish and Margaret McCune, She came to Tuscaloosa as a young girl to visit her relatives, Dr. John Drish and family, and was married at the age of 17. The Ishes or McCunes may have been Catholics as she and some of the younger children joined the Roman Catholic Church. In later years she joined the Presbyterian Church in Nashville, Tenn. where she spent her last years with her daughter, Mrs. Mary Leland Hume, Here are two letters she wrote to her husband's niece, Eliza Wood Stevens:

Tuscaloosa, Feb. the 23, 1865

Miss Eliza W. Stevens

My Dear Niece

Your pleasant missive from the sootty City of Pennsylvania (Note:
"Sootty City" She refers to Pittsburgh. Eliza Stevens was in college in that vicinity, probably at Beaver College, Beaver, Pa., a Methodist institution opened in 1853.) has at last found its resting place in our sunny home in Alabama.

Most heartily and with true delight do I welcome you as My Dear Niece: and be assured that the contents of yr letter in which you established your right to call me your dear Aunt is highly appreciated not only by myself but each member of our household has been gladdened and brightened by yr sentiments and the messages of love contained in your precious letter.

Henceforward I sincerely hope that many such communications may find their way to our home, through the medium of your pleasant pen - Very anxiously indeed have we looked for tidings from you all and as months rolled bye and still no answers came to the several letters which we wrote - we almost despaired of hearing again. Thrice welcome then - is your letter and I feel assured that this one will not be the only one when I tell you that it not only gladdened all hearts generally - but made yr Uncle William feel ten years younger to know that his loved brothers and sisters and their families were all doing so well. It has been said that little things make up the sum of human happiness, so it is - no words can toll you how much brotherly feeling warm and true (your little pen with the few drops of ink on yr small sheet of paper) have called up - you should be very happy and proud my dear Neice that you have caused so much happiness - Could you have seen your Uncle William as yr letter was read to him, I am sure you would feel most glad that you had written - Tears unbidden and uninvited, those which will flow and cannot be controlled - rolled down his wrinkled cheeks as thoughts of that loved home of his childhood, With a Father & Mother and many a sister and brother now called up to memory dear by allusions in your letter. It stirred his heart to its very depths with sweet thoughts of the past and present and future positions of the old families,

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and our young ones, yr letter makes us all wish for a more intimate
knowledge of each other by the blessing of letters if we are debarred the dear and long wished for privileges of personal acquaintance - our part of the land has sadly changed by the force and effects of the four years of war. But we have great recuperative powers and are rapidly recovering, And we believed that the mighty power of superior mind, will yet prevail and be the ruling element of power in the whole land, we are not conquered yet, we sleep - but we are not dead, but we all wish for peace, but it seems that the Radical party do not intend for us to have our rights in the union, but I believe that we of the South have friends enough in the North to keep that party down. I hope so for the good of all -

I wish to know all about Sister Mary and her family - and if you have her direction please be so kind as to send it to me - when you write again give me yr dear mother's direction, also Baldwin's and Charles and all the families - those to whom I cannot write I will got my children to correspond - Since I wrote to Baldwin my Son Willie has gone to Tennessee -he is merchandising with his Brother in law and is very much pleased John is here - studying medicine with his Pa and expects to go on to Philadelphia next fall to attend medical lectures, that is, if his Pa can collect his money. Mary is also with us at present and I too am a grand mother, as Mary has a fine boy nearly two years old. My fourth child is twelve years old, Her name is Maggie Dungleson, next is Morgan Clements of nine years, then Corrinno Banks who is a very interesting and bright child of seven yrs, and last comes Harry Lee a blue eyed noble looking boy of three years - these are my jewels they and my husband are my all as I have no sisters and no brothers.

You said in your letter that Sister Judith sent "not cold and formal words, but heartfelt and sympathizing ones to greet me" - and I say that no language not the warmth of the Italian nor the beauty and rarity of the French could half express the warm and devoted feelings of my own heart for generally it goes forth to meet each member and connection of the family, with an affection equal only to the intense depth of loving which for long long years I have felt for one of them - just think I have been married 29 years the 20th of the past January, it seems but yesterday. I look older and use specks and am somewhat gray but feel just as young as over .

Now my dear Neice in closing my letter - let me insist on a prompt answer and a continuation of correspondence, I wish to hear all about each member of your family that is I mean all the connections. I feel interested in all, and especially in you who have so thoughtfully and kindly written to me  tell me more of your Sister - kiss her for me and your Cousin Mary. It would greatly delight me to recieve yours and Jinnie's (Virginia Stevens) photographs will you not gratify me by sending them -

John did correspond with Sister Mary and some of her children but though Mary and himself have both written since the surrender we have heard nothing from them, John and all of us remember with affection the visit that your Father and Baldwin paid him in prison at Camp Chase and hope some day to return it - With earnest wishes that we may hear from you very soon and love for all yr Fathers and Uncles families and Jinnie

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and yourself I close my letter praying that our heavenly Father may watch over and bless us all, I am your

affectionate Aunt
Margaret W. Leland
N B excuse all mistakes

Tuscaloosa, Alb. Fob. 9, 1869

To Miss Eliza Stevens

My Dear Neice

I wrote you last summer and hove never received one line from any of you since untill your letter to Willie. I also sent Sister Judith and Baldwin Mary's Photograph. & that was the last I heard, but I directed to Zeno, Ohio & you have moved to Zanesville, I lived there myself one year, when a child dont like the place I received a nice letter from sister Mary Cox while your Uncle William was in Ten. her health is not good but they seem to be doing pretty well they have moved into the town near called Ashmore, is Lizzie Gallup's husband dead, or do you know. I inferred from Sister Mary's letter that he was. how is Brother Baldwin & his children - I think ho or his children some of them might write to me, what is Augustin doing. & his daughter Mary I believe is her name. I mean the one that did not get along well with her stepmother. (Note: She means Frances, J. A. C. Leland's oldest daughter who married John Baker) I would like to see her, write me all about them & about my relatives in Ohio and Illinois I like to hear of you all, and I would like to see some of you, if not all, any of you that can come will always find a cordial welcome in my house if I am living, if nothing happens and we all live next fall I expect your Cousin Mary and family to come home on a visit, cant you go to Mary and come with thorn, write to her about it and fix it all up, so I shall look for you and Jinnie beth, I am not fixed up like I was before the war to entertain my friends, but my heart is just the same, the Yanks could not touch that, but never mind, you come along and maby I can marry you to some nice fellow and keep you south, & we will have a railroad by that time, I expect john at that time if he lives. you know I am a strong Catholic & on tomorrow Lent commences when we have to fast and pray forty days except sundays, your Uncle & myself and four little children all belong to the roman Catholic church write to me soon & I will write more. God help you and yours is my prayer
M. Leland

Eliza excuse this, you are in my debt to the amount of two letters.
burn my letters up

To William A. Leland and his wife, Margaret Ish, wore born eleven children:
 I. Juliaetta Catherine Leland (85)
 II. Mary Kate Leland (86) married William Hume
 III. John Drish Leland (87) married Laura Jane Sims, Jefferson, Tex
 IV. Robley D. Leland (88) died in infancy
 V. William A. Leland (89) married Ella McLester
 VI. Margaret Barr Leland (90)
 VII. Maggie Leland (91) died in infancy
 VIII. Maggie Leland (92) married F. A. Palmer

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 IX. Morgan Clemens Leland (93) married Margaretha Kemmler
 X. Corinno Banks Leland (94) unmarried1 died March 16, 1939
 XI. Harry Leo Leland (95) married Orpha _________

II. Mary Kate Leland (86) who was a lady of literary attainments as is shown by the following letter, and William Rune, had seven children.

"Rivermount", Coffee County, T.
July 29th, 1867

Mrs. Mary Cox
My ever dear Aunt:-

Though "lenth of days and long months" have rolled away, since last I wrote to my fathers beloved sister, my dear Aunt Mary, still I feel that a warm welcome is resting ever in your heart for me! And amid the changes, (though many and sad they are); the change of hearts estranged between your dear family and my fathers can never, never be. Ah, no! it was born in the old "Virginia home," & while our hearts beat; can not die. We ore not gathered in the respective homes of "Sister Mary and Brother William" as before the cruel war, but many of us children are now separated from the parental roof, from its protection & its joys, & our own strugling up the hill of life hath alone, on my part, caused the cessation of our former sweet intercourse. You, dear Aunt Mary, are the first of my fathers relatives, to whom I have ever written since I settled in this state. A new home with its many duties, added to the vast attention I give my little ones, leaves me but little time to devote to the pleasing occupation of writing: & up to this time, my father and my mother, brother and little ones, have been the recipients of the letters I have had time to write. I have heard through my mother, & with that knowledge was compelled to be satisfied for awhile. Enough for the new introduction, now let me toll you of my home & loved ones. Would that this blessed Sabbath evening that I would see you in propia persona, but as tis impossible I will begin with introducing you to your nephew Wm. Hume. There are no words, which could obey my pen, to tell you all he is - in my mind for, he is better than "A Nobleman of nature," he is this; & our beloved Saviour's true Desciple too! he and I are very happy together; we are trying, so to walk on earth that we may receive the "Well done good and faithftd servants" hereafter & to your Christian heart no more words are necessary. I wish dear Aunt you could be with us & pay us a visit in our dear sweet home. First I must speak a few words of my darlings, then I want to tell you all about my new home. My first born was given me sixteen months after my marriage, on the 15th day of Mch 1864; he is now a handsome little fellow in pants, very full of fun, & oh! such a joy and comfort to me: his name is Leland but he is just the image of his father, he has a very expressive dark dark eye & fine face generally. My next was a little girl, who stayed with us only a few hours; is now my Angel in the Saviour's fold, wooing me oft from the things of this world, to the better life beyond it - on the first day of Dec. 1866, came another baby boy & he is one of the liveliest, smartest, & sweetest darlings you could ever see. he too is like his father, though for a time he was called like brother Willie. These darlings are truly my treasures and blessings. They make me desire more & more, to be good; that I may the better lead my children in the christians path. But need I try to tell a "Mother" how dear these "little ones " are? or, what feelings, (sweet, holy purifying, & enobling) they arouse in my bosom.

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No! - I feel it is not needed, for well I know in your far away "Illinois home" there lives ever bright in my own Aunt Mary's heart the best feelings of a noble mother! Oh! my darling Aunt, how I long to see you! For dearer to me are you now than ever before: for as onward my boat of life travels, & carries me far away from the sweet home of my childhood, & as cares come thickening in; I go over the thought of your separation, your trials, & really feel now, what I used to think I felt. From my earliest recollections I was taught to love "Aunt Mary" & indeed I can hardly realize that we have never met - save only in spirit -

But I must away with my thoughts and ere my time passes, must fill my pages with a few facts. Did I not propose giving you some idea of my new home? You will leave the grand Nashville & Murfreesboro "pike" & go about fifty yards on the old neighborhood read - there is the big gate, open to welcome in my dear Aunt Mary - you are in a lovely grove of fine handsome trees; you pass up a winding road through the woodland, & catch ever and anon glimpses of a bold and dashing creek which separates our upper or rather the hill land from our lowland. Now, you cross a splendid blue grass meadow & come gracefully up to the front gate - open the latch to walk up some fifteen yds. and you will be on the old big steps whore my precious mother trod, & where oft at eve her Mary sits and sighs, both in gratitude and sadness that dear Ma has come and gone! Yes, really Aunt, my own sweet Ma has paid us a visit and she thought our home a lovely one.

It is most beautifully situated, on the mount of the river, thereby its name Rivermount: and the views around are beautiful; away up the creek for miles you see the rich valley of Tennessee: dotted here and there with pretty farm houses: & the scenery varied by hills & vales & at present all covered with the glorious fruits of labour, till it all looks like "one unbroken world of green" - We have everything comfortable around us though none of the elegancies of life, still I do not feel a whit loss the happier. I have no piano yet, but have plenty of sweet music for "Leland and Allie" make sweeter music to my heart than any I ever heard & my hands find so much work to do that I am not at a loss to pass my time. Ma says I am a good housekeeper, & I know I am a good cook & would like to prove it to you or some of my cousins at least, if any of yr dear ones could ever come to see us. I forgot Aunt, I have one of the luxuries of life, my husband has a splendid library & you can imagine that my leisure moments are pleasant.

Where are Cousins Hannah and Lizzie? Do write me soon and let me know their directions - How is your health dear Aunt? & please tell me about all the family for they are all dear to me. What is Cousin Willie doing? - tell him my brother Willy is a hard working steady boy, & full of fun too. Brother John is in Texas; is well and doing well.

With much love for you dear Aunt & all my cousins I will close hoping to hear from you soon.

Your affectionate Neice.
Mary L. Hume

l. Leland Hume, born March 16, 1864, died Aug. 27, 1939. He was very prominent in the religious, civic and business life of Nashville, Tenn for over 50 years. He was long

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an official of the Cumberland Valley Telephone Co. one of the pioneers of the Telephone business. When this company amalgamated with the Southern Boll, he became one of the Vice Presidents of the latter. He was president of the First and Fourth Banks of Nashville, Director of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, for 25 years a member of the Nashville Board of Education, a member of the governing board of the Chamber of Commerce for 35 years, a ruling Elder of the Presbyterian Church, He was first president of Joe Johnston Camp Sons of Confederate Veterans, a director of the First Industrial Bank, a member of Kwanis Club and the Sons of the American Revolution. He was proud of the fact that he was born in the Confederate States of America. Ho was fond of a joke and told me this one on his niece. They were talking about the Hume family and she said, We are descended from Sir Thomas Hume, are we not?" He replied, "I hope not." She said, "Why, Uncle Leland?" Said he, "Sir Thomas never married."

Leland Hume married Marie Louise Trenholm of Charleston, South Carolina. Their children are:
a. William Hume, prominent Nashville attorney
b. Alfred Hume, attorney, Biloxi, Miss.
c. Georgia Trenholm Hume, married Leland Lord of Woodborry Forest, Va.

2. Mary Kate's second child, a girl, lived only a few hours,
3. Dr. Alfred Hume, born Dec. 1, 1866, Chancellor of the University of Miss, at Oxford for many years. He married, Dec. 23, 1891, Mary Smartt Ritchoy, born April 13, 1871. Their children are:
a. Ben Hill Hume born April 5, 1893, died Sept. 2, 1894
b. Annie Fulton Hume, barn Feb. 17, 1895, died July 4, 1918. Married ____ ___, 1917, Harry Meredith Bryan. One child was born to this union, Harry Meredith BryanJr. b. July 3, 1918.
c. Leland Hume, born Feb. 7, 1897, married Sydney McCullough They had three children, Leland Hume 3rd, born about 1925, Maryanne Hume, burned by fireworks and died at about four years. Patricia Hume, born about 1937
d. Myra Smartt Hume, b. Feb. 13, 1899, married James Harding Jones and has children, James Harding Jones Jr. b. about 1925; Alfred Hume Jones b. about 1928; William Branham Jones b. about 1931, married
e. Mary Ritchey Hume b. Dec. 16, 1900, married Floyd M. Kelton. Children: John Dobbins Kelton, b. about 1926; Mary Hume Kelton, b. about 1929; Annie Fulton Kelton, b.about 1934
f. Richey Hume b. Jan. 19, 1904, married June __, 1939 Evelyn . They have one child, Alfred Hume.
g. Branham Hume, b. Oct. 7, 1905, married about 1928, Helen Goe - no children.
h. William Hume, b. Oct. 7, 1905, Professor of Engineering at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, married Aug. 1, 1936. Anafred Stephenson, b. April 11, 1911. Children: Ann Elisabeth Hume, b. Jan. 14, 1939; Wm. Craig Hume b. Jan. 14, 1941.

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Sept. 6, 1942, the writer called on this family. Ann Elisabeth was sitting on my lap and took hold of my nose. 1 said, "What do you think of that proboscis?" The phonograph was playing and after due consideration she said, "I think the song is pretty." She is an exceptionally beautiful child.

4. Willie Hume married Wm. C. Branham, instructor at Vanderbilt University.
5. Foster Hume, manager of Telephone exchange, Evansville, Indiana .
6. Mayes Hume, Orr, Hume and Co., Nashville.
7. Fred Hume

III. John Drish Leland (87) was named for Dr. John Drish, a relative of his mother. He was a Captain in the Confederate Army and was taken prisoner and confined at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio. He was with Gen. John Morgan in the raid through Ohio. A foraging party, which he was leading, took a horse from the farm of his Aunt, Betty Stevens, near Cumberland, Ohio. He was captured with these raiders. He was confined at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio. His Uncle B. M. Leland (79) tried to have him paroled in his care. Not granted. While there he was visited by his uncles Baldwin Leland and Elijah Stevens, husband of Judith Leland, Aunt Judith was trying to get him exchanged. He was pretty handy with a pen as is shown by the letters following :

Camp Chase, Ohio
Prison 3, Mess 48, March 13th
1863

Aunt Judith:-

Since the visit of your husband and Uncle Baldwin, I have had no Leisure time to devote to writing, and hence have not communicated with you as I intended immediately after my interview with my uncles. This doubtless surprises you, my dear Aunt, but I can assure you that there is much which necessity compels a prisoner to do to relieve the tedium and ennui of prison life. The work of washing, cooking and woodcutting leave little time to devote to friendly correspondence, and as I have been engaged in the culinary department since the departure of my uncles, this accounts for my not writing to you at an earlier moment. The unexpected interview with my uncles was indeed an unexpected pleasure which I had not anticipated. I was under the impression that the system of espionage was carried to such an extent that my relatives would not visit, if twere in their power, their rebel kinsman in Camp Chase, as such act might lead some to question their loyalty. There is much of the stoic in my disposition, and you must know that such an interview, as was granted me with my uncles, was not one calculated to melt this stoicism away. Would that I could have welcomed them with the outpouring of my heart's best feelings! Then and there I could not do this. I will not say more upon this subject - my father has taught me to love his brothers and sisters and you may rest assured, dear Aunt, that your now incarcerated nephew rightly appreciated and will long remember the kindness of his uncles in visiting him while in prison. Had I met Uncle Baldwin elsewhere and under different circumstances, I would never have known him,

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for you must recollect, Auntie, that I was scarcely seven years old when he left Tuscaloosa. Time has indeed dealt leniently with him, as he looked younger by ten years than I know he must be. I was very much prepossessed in Uncle Stevens favor - honesty of purpose and integrity of character are clearly written on his fine countenance, if the face is, as many believe, a true index to the character. I know that both of my uncles regretted that it was not in their power to effect my release from prison. Oh that I could spend the days of my captivity with my dear father's relatives! But cruel fate decrees that it shall not be so and I must submit patiently until my exchange. Tho ignorant upon my arrival at Camp Chase of the whereabouts of my relatives, I was very fortunate in finding friends in Illinois and Dubuque, Iowa from whom I have heard often, and with whom I have corresponded since I reached this place. There are also some of my old college friends up North, who have written to me, and which has tended greatly to relieve the monotony of prison life. When I came here I little thought I had so many relatives living so near Columbus, Ohio. The short distance separating us only increases my desire to see you all, Uncle Stevens and my Uncle Baldwin have, doubtless, ore this, told you all that I communicated to them in regard to my father and his family. So many rumors are circulated in regard to our exchange that I have ceased speculating upon the subject. It is now rumored that all captured prior to the 1st of Jany. have been exchanged, but as I believe it to be merely a sensation rumor, I do not credit it. When our exchange does take place we will probably be sent around via Fortress Monroe, It is time to commence dinner and I must close. It would be a novel sight to see me presiding over the cooking department. If I remain here long I will certainly become "au fait" in the business. Lot me hear from you often, my dear Aunt. Love to Uncle Stevens, your children and all my relatives when you see them. Accept the fondest love of your nephew, who though he has never seen you, loves his Aunt dearly.
Your nephew - affectionately,
John D. Leland

P. S. Excuse this hastily written letter as I write surrounded by a set of noisy rebel officers. John
In your next letter let me know Uncle Stevens given name so that I may hereafter direct my letters properly.
 

Camp Chase, Ohio, Prison 3
Mess 48, March 28th, 1863

Aunt Judith,

Yours of the 19th inst. reached me a few days ago, and I avail myself of a few leisure hours this morning to reply. Your letter leads me to infer that my uncles made an effort to effect my release from Camp Chase on parole, for which kindness and consideration, Aunt Judith, permit me through you to return my heartfelt thanks and to assure you that it is properly appreciated. I think I can now say with safety that it is highly probable that all the officers confined in Camp Chase will be exchanged in a week or two, so it is possible that this will be the last time that I will over have an opportunity of communicating with my Aunt Judith. I know that I cannot claim as much of my aunts' and uncles' affection as their other nieces and nephews and this is but natural considering that my father's family has always been widely separated from

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those of his brothers and sisters, and hence they have known so little of each other. The force of circumstances I am satisfied, brought about this separation, and I can assure you, dear Aunt, that time has not weakened my father's love for his brothers and sisters. He often speaks of the happy days of childhood and early manhood, spent on the banks of the Potomac! Tis seldom my father gives way to any exhibition of feeling, as I have seen him stand over the corpse of an idolized child, my little sister now in Heaven, and to all he appeared unmoved, but I have seen tears start to his eyes when he would speak of those days of yore, those days of his childhood. My dear father, though not a professor of the Christian religion, is one of the purest and most correct men in his life I ever saw. He is one of "nature's noblemen," an honest and honorable man, the "noblest work of God," and his children idolize him, as no man in the world has done more for his children in every respect. A few days ago I received a short letter from Sister Mary, mailed the 16th Fob., informing me of the good health of my mother, Father, brothers and sisters. An officer, captured on the 11th Jany. from Tuscaloosa, informed me that Willie was wounded at the battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He saw him after the fight, and says father told him it was only a slight wound. Sister Mary says nothing of this in her letter, but tells me that he is now at home and will probably remain there in the Ordnance Department. I will now answer, my dear Aunt, some of your inquiries. I am twenty one years of age and my dear Sister Mary is twenty three. I wish you could see my loving Sister Mary. She is the most faultlessly beautiful girl I ever saw, and what is better, far better than that, she is as good as she is beautiful. No brother could have been blessed with a better sister. She is and has been for years my Mentor and to her I go as the sharer of all my joys & sorrows. Should I never have another opportunity to write to my aunts and uncles, who live near you, present them with my best wishes for their welfare and happiness in life, and may they, at its close, secure entrance to that better world "where the weary are at rest and the wicked cease from troubling." When you write to Uncle Augustin tell him he has my heartfelt sympathy for him in this sad hour of his bereavement, Love to uncle and my cousins. Farewell, my dear Aunt, may Heaven bless and protect you.
Your loving and affectionate nephew,

John D. Leland

P. S. I will write to you when I am exchanged if it is possible.

J.D.L.

A poem written by John D. Leland to his Cousin Annie:

This little Album, dedicated to literature & art,
Has claimed some offering from thy cousin's heart.
For the barreness of my verse, you will find my excuses
In the confession that I'm a stranger to Parnassus and the Muses.

Imagination, Heaven's priceless boon, oft paints my Annie's radiant face,
A vision of loveliness and purity time can never efface. In our loving correspondence, volumes our hearts have spoken, And now accept this last messenger, assured it is, of my
affection, a token.

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Memory oft reverts to the happy days of yore.
My Annie's loving missives cause me to sigh for their return the more.
This communion of heart has strengthened love's golden chain, Oh! may it ever bind our hearts together on life's solemn main.

In captivity when sadness of heart was oppressive,
Angry feelings have been dispelled by Annie's sweet missive,
And, though my soul is dark now, it tells me that I hold still
The rich treasure of the hearts at Pleasant Hill.

May true happiness always be yours in your journey through life!
May you be far removed from trouble and strife;
Seek wisdom and religion, ere it may become too late,
For these treasures, with mortals here below, are not innate.

Your loving cousin,
John D. Leland

Camp Chase,
Near Columbus, Ohio, April 7th, 1863

"May the Ruler of Heaven look down,
And my Annie from evil defend:
May she ne'er knew adversity's frown,
May her happiness ne'er have an end."

He married Laura Jane Sims of Jefferson, Texas. She is still living, 1941, at Gilmor, Texas which has been their home for many years. Their children are:
l. Anna Laura Leland (96) married John Sidney Barnwell and had Leland Barnwell, Reese Barnwell, Fay Barnwell
2. Corinne Gladys Leland (97) married Henry McGaughey, banker at Gilmor, Texas. They have one child, Avis Leland McGaughey
3. Dudley Leland (98) Had children
4. Percy Warren Leland (99) kil1ed in oil explosion in a refinery at Gladewater, Texas. Percy had children - Jessie Leland (100) Xonna Leland (101) and Mabel Leland (102)
5. Minnie Leland (103) married Aubrey McClelland and had Dorothy McClelland and John Leland McClelland

IV.Robley D. Leland (88) died in infancy
V. William A. Leland (89) ran away from home and joined a Confederate Company when he was 15 years old. After the war he lived on the plantation and was quite a letter writer himself. The following is a letter from him to his cousin Ellen Cox:

Tuscaloosa, June 10th, 1869
Miss Ellen Cox
Dear Cousin -
I received your Mother's much appreciated letter some time since and as she told me that you would expect the next one from me I will not disappoint you. I feel ashamed that I have not replied sooner, however it would occupy much time and space to write my excuses, therefore I shall forbear, and trust cousin, to you to render up an excuse for me to my dear Aunts.

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Cousin Ellen, as this is my first attempt, if I fail to interest you, I hope you will make due allowance for my non interesting epistle, and not condemn your Cousin Willie's powers of entertaining until you know him better. I hear from Lide Stevens occasionally and through her of my Father's relations in Ohio: Now will not Cousin Ellen write to me? and be the means of keeping memory's chain bright, and unbroken between brother and sister who have been so long separated. I know that your Mother is the favorite with Pa of All - for he speaks of her more frequently and has often told me when we were alone what a noble woman his sister Mary was. I hope you will keep me posted in the future and our correspondence will prove a mutual pleasure as well as improving to both. -

Cousin we "so called Rebels" have not the same elasticity of heart as in former days, yet our brave people bear up nobly under the yoke, and still entertain the hope of being able some day to march boldly from under it, God only knows when that happy day will come. We were once the happiest people in the world, but four long years of terrible war has wrought a sad change in our sunny south, there is many a "vacant chair" in southern homes that constantly remind the Father of his last blessing upon an only son, the Mother of her last farewell, they are gone, angels have "wafted their names above", and we that are left will preserve their deeds and the glorious cause in which they fell ever fresh in our memory. Cousin we have a hard time of it down here. Mr. Yankie thinks that we are not able to protect ourselves, and this thinking keeps us well supplied with blue coats, we have a garrison here now, arrived by last boat and I wish they were anywhere else, for I hate them with all the powers that be, forgive me cousin, for being so bitter but I have sufficient cause for all my hatred. Perhaps when I write again the Yankies will be gone, I will be in a better humor and can write you a more interesting letter. Cousin you may have some curiosity to know what kind of a youth your Cousin Willie is. I have not the time at present to give you a description but if you have any desire to know him ask your mother to describe her brother William to you when she last saw him and you will have a fair sample of your cousin W.A.L. Jr. When you write me tell me all about your mother's family particularly yourself and don't show me how much you appreciate my letter, by waiting a long time to answer,

Love and a kiss to all,
Your Cousin
Willie

P. S. Excuse my writing with a pencil, but I am at the plantation, and have no pen suitable to write with.

Excerpt from a letter from William A. Leland to his Cousin Ellen Cox:

"Our little town has been unusually gay this summer, from one to three entertainments every week. I attended two large dancing parties last week, had a delightful time, courted two or three sweet girls, am engaged to not more than six, or less than one. I do love the fair creatures, little cousin, and can't help telling them so but don't want to marry any woman in the world. I have too nice a time keeping "Bachelor's Hall", Now I have no one to please but myself. I have a good old negro woman who does my cooking, washing and takes care of my cabin home, everything is

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neat and clean, and in order. I wish you could walk into my sanctum some bright morning, to see what a nice housekeeper your cousin Willie is. Now I have written you a longer letter than I usually write to anyone, so will close -Give my love and a kiss to Aunt Mary and cousins. Write soon - and accept both love and a kiss from your Cousin

W. A. L.

In spite of his early resolutions he married Ella McLester and had eight children:
l. Richard McLester Leland (104) of Birmingham, Ala. married first Maggie Walters and had one son, R. M. Leland (105). He married second, Lucie Martin and had two sons, Charles Leland (106) and Frank Leland (107)
2. William A. Leland III. (108) married Myrtle Griffin and has one son William A. Leland (109) who married Elisabeth Ayers.
3. Mary Leland (110) died in infancy
4. Ella Leland (111) married Dr. Wm. Mark Faulk, one child, Margaret Faulk,
5. Henry Hume Leland (112) Tuscaloosa, Ala. and Orlando, Fla. was in Hardware, Real Estate and Insurance business in Tuscaloosa. He married Julia DuBois in New York, Nov. 7, 1900. They have four children: Julia DuBois Leland (113) married William G. Little, Jr., Livingston, Ala. They have one child, William G. Little, 3rd, born Aug. 16, 1927. Rebecca M. Leland (114) teaching in Orlando, Fla. Rebecca married Arthur Park in 1940 and has one san, Leland Park, born Oct. 1941.
 Henry Hume Leland (115) married Virginia Mosely of Helena, Ark. April 1929. They had one child, John DuBois Leland (118) Tuscaloosa, Ala, In Juno, 1942 in U.S. Navy on East Coast.

John DuBois Leland (116) when a Lieutenant in the Navy in 1942 was aboard the Wasp when it was torpedoed. The ship was struck amidships and they fought the fire until the pumps failed. When the order came to abandon the ship Lt. Leland was forward directing the fire fighters and did not hear the order, Apparently the ship was down by the stern as he jumped 60 ft. into a patch of burning oil. No doubt his life was saved by having no life preserver. He dived and swam from under the oil and was picked up some time later by a destroyer.

6. Carrie Snow Leland (117) married Martin Winthrop Jones of New York
7. Dr. Joseph Leland. (118) married Margaret Patton. They live in Birmingham, Alabama and have children: Joe Leland Jr. (119); Robert Leland (120) and Margaret Leland (121)
8. Hume Leland (122) of New York, deceased

Elisabeth Lombard Leland (76) fourth child of Baldwin Mathews Leland and Elisabeth Fauntleroy Haggoman, was born Feb. 15, 1813 and died Sept. 1817 at Winchester, Va. She was buried at Winchester, Va.

Ann Maria Leland (77) fifth child of the above, was born Dec. 29, 1814
and died April 27, 1841. She married Peter P. Cox, his third wife, a
cousin of Edward Cox, her sister Mary's husband, Dec. 21, 1833.

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They had one child born in Virginia, John Cox, and came to Ohio, arriving at Zanesville, June 1st, 1836. They went to Wood Grove, Morgan County and stayed with their old friends, the Woods, while Peter looked for a place. Early in the fall of 1836 he bought the farm near Cumberland recently owned by Mr. George Crow. Judith, Betty and Augustin stayed with them till spring when Judith purchased the property in Cumberland where Conaway Garrington recently lived, and made a home for herself and the two younger children - Ann Maria was a very fine singer as related by Mrs. Eberlein in her memoirs of Virginia and Ohio.

Peter and Ann Maria had two children: John Cox mentioned above, and Lizzie Cox. John was a soldier in the Union Army and was captured and imprisoned at Libby or Andersonville, He returned home a mere skeleton and lingered only a few weeks.

Lizzie V. Cox was born at Cumberland, Ohio, July 13, l839. She married Dr. Aaron Plumly, June 25, 1862, his third wife. He was born Oct. 22, 1835. They moved to Pittsburgh, Pa. and had a family as follows:
Anna Leland Plumly, born March 24th, 1863
Mary Roberta Plumly, born August 1st, 1864
Clarence Plumly; born Sept. 10th, 1865
Park P. Plumly, born May 25th, 1868
Edward Cox Plumly, born Sept. 6th, 1870
Grace Augusta Plumly, born Dec. 22nd, 1872
Dwight Aaron Plumly, born June 24th, 1875

Edward Cox Plumly married Garnet Shirley He was very charitable and religious and they used almost their entire income to help others. He passed on a few years ago and his wife, Mrs. H. Garnet Plumly, conducts the Arlington Heights rest home, 414 Vail Ave., Arlington Heights, Illinois.

Grace Augusta Plumly married _____ Eaton and lives at 7623 Pennsylvania Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Dwight Aaron Plumly evidently changed his name. He was a member of the 17th Infantry, stationed at Fort McPherson, Georgia in 1898. In a letter to Eliza Adams, written Jan, 14, 1899, he signs, D. Arthur Plumly. He was in Government service and lived, after retirement, in Berkeley, California. When I learned that he lived here I was going to the phone to call him. Glancing at the Berkeley Gazette, his obituary was the first thing I saw. He had three daughters.

After Ann Maria's death Peter married the fourth time and moved to Clark County near Springfield, Ohio. John and Lizzie returned to Cumberland, Ohio. Some years later Aunt Mary Cox quotes him - "Poor children! They have very few to love them now. "

Sarah Moore Leland (78) 6th child of Baldwin M. Leland was born Jan. 13, 1817, died Nov. 22, 1903, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. C. J. Potter, Marietta, Kans. She went to Illinois with the Edward Cox family and married Rev. Amos Wiley, born 1809, Methodist minister in charge at Charleston, Ill. Rev. Wiley had dark eyes. They raised five children. Three died in infancy. They suffered all the hardships of a pioneer preacher, made worse by the fact that Mr. Wiley's health was poor. In 1849 they were living at Ostond, McHenry Co., Ill. In 1859 Mary J. Cox

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says, "This year Brother Wiley has a circuit." In a letter of April 13th, 1857 to her sister Judith Stevens she recounts their hardships of the previous winter. They were running a custom tailoring shop and had not made enough to pay the rent, $8.00 per mc. There was too much ready made clothing on the market. The house was cold and wood was $5.00 per cord and coal $10.00 per ton. Mr. Wiley, who was not well, was at their farm 16 miles from North Kingston, and 8 miles south of Belvidere, Boone Co.,
Ill. They had a cement house on the farm but it had fallen down and he was intending to build a shanty. The neighborhood was called "Rob's". She invites the Stevens to visit them. Mr. Wiley had stopped travelling. In an undated letter written about Christmas time, 1855, Maria Ann Wiley writes to Judith Stevens:

"Dear Aunt:- I have got another little sister, she is eight months old and we think that she is a very smart baby of her age and her name is Lura Leland, she looks very mutch like father only that she has got blue eyes. . . . . . I do not like the place where we are living now as well as the place where we lived in Momence. It would not be so bad if it were not for the bed bugs." They were living at North Kingston, DeKalb Co.,Ill.

Sarah Moore Leland was not as good a speller as her older sisters. The "Dame School" conducted by Mrs. Wood, and which the Leland children attended, closed in 1831 when the Woods moved to Ohio. Sarah Moore was then 14 years old and probably received little schooling after that time. The Wiley's moved to Kansas in 1869. Their children that grew up wore as follows :

 I. Maria Ann Wiley, born Hillsborough, Montgomery Co. Ill, April 15th, 1841, died Globe, Arizona, Aug. 19, 1916
 II. Eliza Wiley, b. Malta, DeKalb Co. Ill. April 21st, 1847, died Oketo, Kansas, May, 1940
 III. Mary Frances Wiley, b. Kaneville, Ill. Sept. 24, 1852, d. Kansas City
 IV. Lura Leland Wiley, b. Momence, Ill. April 22nd, 1855, d. about 1932
 V. Amos C. Wiley

I. Maria Ann Wiley, married Velruvius Collins Poor at Seneca, Kansas, April 8th, 1871. He was born in Denmark, Oxford County, Maine, April 7th, 1828, died June 16, 1913, the son of Amos and Mercy Poor. Velruvius was a rough and ready frontiersman who came to Kansas in 1857, the terror of the wild Indians of the region and with a dozen notches on his gun. Rev. Wiley did not approve of the marriage so the ceremony was performed by Rev. Rhodabaugh. Their children are:
l. Lura Frances Poor, born March 1, 1874
2. Vincent Collins Poor, born Jan. 31, 1876, Oketo, Kansas
3. Oren Leland Poor, born May 4, 1877, Oketa, Ran., died Feb. 8, 1944
4. Letta Arvilla Poor, b. Aug. 28, 1883, Oketo, Kas.

l. Lura Frances Poor married Feb. 24, 1892, Charles McBrien, born Jan. 3, 1868, died Jan. 14, 1934, and lives at Globe, Arizona. Her children are:
Ina McBrien, b. Oct. 28, 1892, married Thomas S. Opie about 1913.
Their children are:
Vivian Yvonne Opie born Aug. 1, 1914
Evelyn Halley Opie, born March 20, 1916
Kenneth Charles Opie, born Aug. 21, 1920, married Margaret McHargue, Sept. 13, 1942.

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Evelyn Halley Opie, married Oct. 1939, Van Thompson, one child, Gary Allen Thompson, b. May 1942
Elwood McBrien, b. Oct. 28, 1893, married Dec. 31, 1914, Carrie Pollock. They have one child, Frances Leona McBrien, b. Dec. 19, 1915, married Lee Yocum, Aug. 1940
Lura Bessie McBrien, b. Aug. 6, 1908 in Globe, Arizona, married John Thomas Melnerny, b. May 10, 1904 at Denver, Colorado. They have one son, Charles Edward Melnerny, b. Mch. 24, 1936.

2. Vincent Collins Poor is a Professor of Mathematics at Ann Arbor; has published a number of books and is considered an authority in his line. He married Pearl Rogers of Wichita, Kansas. Their children are:
Lucile Leland Poor
Vincent Collins Poor, Jr.
Cecil Poor
Robert Poor
A boy who died at the age of four years
Thomas Poor
Margaret Poor

3. Oren Leland Poor lives at 1123 South Victoria Ave., Los Angeles, California. After graduating from the University of Kansas he was a mineSuperintendent in Mexico, Returned to Los Angeles and joined the Police Force rising to Captain. He is now retired. He married Grace Blanche Champagne, Sept. 2, 1903 at Oketo, Kans. Their children are:
Carlton Collins Poor, b. June 14, 1905, married Margaret Busby April 18, 1929. Their children are:
Gale Collins Poor, b. Oct. 22, 1930
Dennis Leland Poor, b. Dec. 6, 1937. Dr. Poor practices Dentistry in Los Angeles
Stanley Howard Poor, second son of Oren Leland Poor, b. May 9, 1911, was a law student and was struck and
killed by a hit & run driver, Jan. 24, 1930.

4. Letta Arvilla Poor, b. Aug. 28, 1883, Oketo, Kansas, d. Feb. 8, 1884.

The name, Oketo, is a contraction and corruption of Arkaketah. Arkaketah was chief of the Otoe tribe living in that district.
 

II. Eliza Wiley married Charles J. Potter, June 2, 1869. Ho was born in Oneida County, N. Y. June 17, l839. Their children are:
  l. Baby boy b. June 7, d. June 8, 1870
  2. Joseph Wiley Potter, b. July 7, 1871, married Jennie Brainerd in Oketo, Kansas, Nov. 16, 1894
 3. Thomas Melville Potter, b. Sept, 27, 1873, married Nellie Smith, March 10th, 1898.
  4. Lura Alvernon Potter, b. Oct. 7, 1875, M. Dr. J. T. N. Renaud, May 2, 1905
  5. Valeen Louise Potter, b. Nov. 8, 1877, married F. H.
   Mann, April 17, 1898
  6. Eathel Alice Potter, born Dec, 29, 1879, married C. T.
   Finch, June 1904
  7. Charles Blanford Potter, born Jan. 23, 1883, died Aug.
   23, 1903. Unmarried
  8. Gilbert Wesley Potter, born April 2, 1885
  9. Gladys Winifred Potter, born Oct. 16, 1889

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III.Mary Frances Wiley married Pierre Joseph Guittard, May 16, 1876. They were married by Rev. Amos Wiley. Pierre Joseph Guittard was born in Bollemagna - Alcace, France, May 11, 1829. He came to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with his parents in 1833. His father, George Guittard, born in 1800 was a drummer boy with Napoleon's Army at Waterloo. The Guittards are an old French family and the heads of the families had served as magistrates for many generations. The voyage took 103 days and the grandmother died the day after they landed in Baltimore. In 1857 they came to St. Joseph, Missouri, and purchasing an ox team emigrated to Marshall County, Kansas and located in Section 4, Township 2, Range 9, June 4, 1857. In 1861 they founded Guittards Stage Station, the most noted between the Missouri River and Denver, Colorado, A Post Office was established in 1861 under the direction of Abraham Lincoln. George Guittard was Post Master from 1861 to 1901. Many noted people stopped at the station. Among them, Colonel Jim Lane, Buffalo Bill and Wild Bill Hickok. The father, George Guittard died in 1883 and the last son, X. Guittard, died at the age of 90.
Joe Guittard and his wife, Mary Frances had:
 Sarah Madaline Guittard, b. June 2, 1877
 Frances Josephine Guittard, b. May 24, 1880, d. Jan. 2, 1881
Sarah Madeline Guittard married Pierre Janis. Their daughter, Madeline Janis married Kenneth Nicholson of Detroit, Mich and they have a son, Kenneth Reese Nicholson. Mrs. Janis has a government position and lives in Washington, D.C.

IV.Lura Leland Wiley married Matthew Joseph Balgue at Marysville, Kansas, where he was clerk of the District Court, April 2, 1876. He was born in London, England3 May 18, 1843 and cameto America at the age of 24. He was reared in the EpiscopalChurch and his wife was confirmed in that church at Marysville, Kansas, April 15, 1878, Their children are:
George Leland Balgue, born at Marysville, Kansas, Dec. 27, 1876. He was baptised in the Episcopal Church at Center, Marshall Co., Kansas, May 31, 1877, by Bishop Vale of Kansas, assisted by Rev. Holmes. Died in New York about 1939. Unmarried.
Florence Corinne Balgue, b. July 3, 1879 in Marysville, Kansas and died June 30, 1886 at Wymore, Neb. She is buried at Washington, Kansas.
Mary Frances Balgue, born March 28, 1881. She was confirmed in the Episcopal Church at Kansas City, Missouri, by Bishop Atwill on Palm Sunday, 1896. She married Wm. Miller .
Laura (Lala) Rose Balgue, born April 14, 1883, baptised with her sister, Mary Frances, in Wymore, Neb. 1889, by Rev. Petter of the Episcopal Church. She also was confirmed at Trinity Episcopal Church, Kansas City, Missouri, Palm Sunday, 1896. She lives at Brewster, Kansas,

Amos C. Wiley was Agent for the Ponca Indians when they came to Oklahoma. He afterward was in the Hardware business in Arkansas City, Kansas. He married and had three children, Gertrude, William and Edna.'

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Baldwin Mathews Leland Jr. (79) seventh child of B. M. Leland, was born June 20, 1819, died June 16, 1897 at Caldwell, Ohio, buried at Sharon. He left Virginia with the rest of the family and went to Tuscaloosa, Alabama, where he read a course of medicine with his brother, Dr. Wm. A. Leland. This not being to his liking, he came to Ohio in 1844 and engaged in the General Merchandise business at Kieth's and Sharon, Noble County, Ohio.

Items from Madge Leland Cochran's letters indicate that Baldwin M. Leland was a Southern sympathizer during the war, as were many other residents of southeastern Ohio who had come from Virginia. This was a stronghold of the Knights of the Golden Circle, headed by Clement L. Vallandigham. The object of this organization was to help Rebel prisoners escape, or to get them exchanged, and to destroy Government property. In the basement of B. M. Leland's store, the Hoskinsville Rebellion was planned. Some of the leaders wore prosecuted but B. M. was crafty enough so they did not get him. Hoskinsville is between Sharon and Cumberland.

He married first in April 1848, Elisabeth Frances Stevens, b. Dec. 10, 1832, d. July 22, 1858, daughter of his brother-in-law, Elijah Stevens by Jocasta Harding. Their children were:
I.  Judith Jocasta Leland (123), born April, 1849, d. , 1912
II. Ann Maria Leland (124), born Mch. 22, 1851, died Aug.2, 1904
III. Elijah Stevens Leland (125), born Dec. 10, 1852, died .
IV. (Charles Francis Leland (126) born 1856, died in infancy (or Sarah Frances

I. Judith Jocasta Leland (123) married Charles West, a Union soldier who spent six months in Andersonville Prison. Judith is found on the 1870 & 1880 census with William L. West, so eith Charles died, or J.A.C. had the name incorrectrml3 1/9/2009 Her first child, Wirt, was raised by his grandfather, Elijah Stevensrml3 and was called
l. Wirt Leland (127) He was in the marble business with Seth McFarlane and later for himself. He married Edith P____ According to passport application 24 Sep 1893, he was married to Hattie, born 31 Dec 1871 in Massachusetts, passport application of 6 Mar 1920 lists wife as Edith P., born Galipolis, OH rml3 1/9/2009and had two sons Ernest, age 3 on passport application, and illegible, age 2rml3 1/9/2009 who carried on the business as the Leland- Presby Co.(Presbrey-Leland Co.rml3 1/9/2009 I met Wirt Leland in New York in 1905 and later he called on us in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
2. Annie Mary West, born Feb. 19, 1871, died July 1932, Married first Henry Green Smith, b. Sept. 29, 1858, d. Aug. 6, 1890. Married second, George Wilson, Armiston, Ga. No children.
3. Francis Leland West, b. Sept. 8, 1873, married Nellie Augusta McConnell, b. June 27, 1875, d. June 28, 1896, daughter of Joseph Newton and Sarah Lawrence McConnell. Said to have raised a large family.

4. Edward Leslie West, Born April 2, 1868, married Matilda Rushing, born Feb. 7, 1871, daughter of Berry Rushing.
They had:  Pearl Annie West, b. Sept. 5, 1889
Carl Albert West, b. Aug. 26, 1890, d. Aug. 24, 1892
Ruby May West, b. Nov. 7, 1892
Garnet Leland West, b. March 18, 1895
Nellie Stevens West, b. Nov. 2, 1896

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II. Ann Maria Leland (124) b. March 22, 1851, d. Aug. 2, 1904, married Oct. 25th, 1877, Joseph Little Hyatt, b. Nov. 3, 1844 d. Fob. 19, 1940. He was a man of extraordinary strength and was of the old pioneer type; a great hunter and trapper. He was 6 ft. 2" and weighed 210 lbs. On one occasion he carried a walnut coffin l-1/4" thick, for 6 miles without taking it from his shoulder. He was the last living person who saw Morgan's raiders pass through the County. They had one son, Joseph Clarence Hyatt, Jr. born Nov. 8, 1883.

III. Elijah Stevens Leland (125) lived all his life in Morgan and Muskingum Counties, Ohio. He farmed and also worked for the Brown Manly Co., Malta, Ohio. Married, Sept. 6, 1881, Lavinia Benjamin. Their children are:
Mattie E. Leland (128) b. Aug. 15, 1882, married Edward Brown
Virginia Leland (129) b. April 2, 1885, M. ______ Rivers
William M. Leland (130) b. Feb. 11, 1888, has a son, Albert William Leland (132)
Elmer Leland (131) b. Feb. 21, 1891. Has one daughter, Iris Elisabeth Leland (133)

Baldwin M. Leland (79) married second, Rebecca Danford in 1858. She was born in 1829, died March 6, 1891. One son:
Charles Asbury Leland (134) b. Nov. 23, 1859, d. Feb. 18, 1901. Married Cora McKee, Dec. 21, 1889. She was born Aug. 30, 1866. One daughter, Madge Leland (135) was born March 20th, 1891. She married William Harold Cochran, May 21st, 1919, Their son, Charles Leland Cochran, was born Dec. 24, 1923. He was 6 ft. 2" at the age of 17. Charles Leland Cochran served three years in the Navy. Went through the Iwo Jima and Okinawa Campaigns. Is now (1948) completing his course in Mineralogy at Muskingum College.

Charles Asbury Leland (134) was the most distinguished of the Lelands of Ohio. He taught school until 1887 when he was elected prosecuting attorney of Noble County, Ohio, serving 6 years in that capacity. In 1895 to 1897 ho was State Representative. In 1898 he was appointed by President McKinley Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and Judge of the Fifth District of New Mexico. They were in New Mexico two years and three months. His failing health caused them to return to Ohio in Sept. 1900 where he passed away, Feb. 18, 1901 at the age of 41. His prospects of being one of the first Senators when New Mexico received Statehood, were very bright as he was a favorite of both parties.

Elisabeth Fauntleroy Leland (80) born Aug. 30, 1822, died Nov. 13, 1912 at Cumberland, Ohio, where she is buried, eighth child of B. M. Leland, was named for Elisabeth Fauntleroy, daughter of Griffin Fauntleroy who owned a neighboring plantation. Elisabeth Fauntleroy, born Jan, 23, 1731, died June 24, 1797, married June 24, 1747, Thomas Edwards Jr., b. June 19, 1725. The ceremony was performed by Rev. John Leland (1). Betty, as she was always called, was 13 years old when they left Fredericksburg, Va. in covered wagons on May 1, 1836. They travelled mostly over the National Pike and arrived in Zanesville, Ohio, June 1, 1836. Here are some of the things she bought for the trip:
Miss Elisabeth Leland
Bought of Jos. Deshields, Jr.

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April 23, 1836 To 8 yrds gingham @ 38, 1 pr shoes 1.38 $4.42
   "   "    "   " 2"  check @ 25¢ 8 yds. callico @.l3 1.54
  $5.96
Received of Mr. P. P. Cox, guardian, the above in full
       J. Deshields, Jr.

After they reached Ohio she bought:
 June 6, 1836 Paid Richard Dunahia for trunk $2.00
 Aug. 31,  " " Wm. George for 1 pr shoes 1.25
 Dec. 10,  " " Wm. McElroy for 1 pr. shoes l.62-1/2
 Dec. 1  " " John E, Boyd for 4-1/2 yds of flannel @.50 2.25
  " "  " " colouring .66
 Jan. 18, 1837 " Wm. Wallace for 1 Geography & Atlas 1.00
  "    "   "  Paid Cobbs Exposition 25cts. Mason's
             Sacred Harmony 1.19
 Dec. 24  "   paid Sam'l Stranathan for Kirkham's Gram. .75
 March 6  "   paid Aaron Charlott for basket .25
 April 1  "   paid Wm. McElroy for 1 pr of shoes l.87-1/2
 April 24  "   Paid John E. Boyd for sundries 6.03
 June 1  "   paid Aaron Charlott for board 7.00
   "  "  " "  Dr. W. Ballou 7.50
 June 29  "   paid Rev. Wm. Wallace for tuition 2.25

--------------------------------

On Dec. 20, 1836 Augustin Leland bought of John E. Boyd
  1 pr boys shoes    $1.25

In January, 1837 Judith, elder sister of Betty and Augustin, bought a saddle for $12.00 and paid her subscription to the M. E. Church, fifty cents for three months, Those were the good old days. Living expenses and religion . wore cheap. However, it cost 18-1/2 cents to send a letter to Illinois. Peter
P. Cox was now guardian of Betty and 'Gustin as Edward Cox, their former guardian had gone to Illinois,

Betty grew up in Cumberland and early joined the M. E. Church, being the last charter member, and married Sept. 30, 1841, William F. Stevens who was raised on a farm west of Cumberland, To this union were born:
 I. Wm. Henry Stevens, born Jan. 2, 1843 - died March 19, 1922
 II. Charles Baldwin Stevens, born ___, 1845, died , 1919
 III. Sophronia Leland Stevens, born 1855, died , 1929

William Henry Stevens attended the Cumberland School and college in Athens, Ohio and in 1861 went to the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. In 1865 he and brother bought a saw mill and in 1868 opened the first planing mill in Guernsey Co., at Cumberland, In 1874 the brothers completed the Eastern Ohio R. R. from Cumberland to Lore City. In 1882 they sold the road, but he was Superintendent until 1899. From that time he devoted his time to his farm and planing mill. He married April 3, 1864, Ann Eliza Squier, 1843 - 1916. Their children are:
l. Roberta Squier Stevens, born Fob, 3, 1865, died Sept. 27, 1924
2. Persis Sophronia Stevens, born __, 1867, died Sept. 27, 1923
3. Anna Jordan Stevens, b. __ __, 1870, d. __ __, 1935
4. Henry Foster Stevens, b. __ __, 1874, d. __ __, 1940
5. Mary Fauntleroy Stevens b. , 1878

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l. Roberta Squier Stevens never married
2. Persis Sophronia Stevens married Dr. W. E. Elder, He practiced in Chandlersville, Mt. Sterling and Columbus. After her death he married again and after an automobile accident his wife fell from a 4th story window in a hospital and was killed. He died in 1948. Persis' children are:
Louise Elder, b. 1899, married A. Staylor Tillman - one daughter Ann Tillman, born 1921. Living, 1940, in San Antonio, Texas.
Jeanette Elder, born 1904 - a teacher in Columbus, Ohio
3. Anna Jordan Stevens, born , 1870, died , 1935. Married George M. Hutchison, a merchant of Zanesville, Ohio. They have one daughter, Mary Elisabeth Hutchison who married first, Neil Willard and had one daughter, Gene Willard, born 1928. Married second, Earle C. Richardson and had one daughter, Georgeann Richardson born 1939.
4. Henry Foster Stevens, born 1874, died 1940, unmarried.
5. Mary Fauntleroy Stevens, born 1878, married 1902, Thomas John Evans, a druggist of Newark, Ohio. No children.

II. Charles Baldwin Stevens (1845 - 1919) married Elisabeth Johnson. Their children were:
l. Wm. Park Stevens, born 1872, married Adelina Morgan. They had one daughter, Virginia Stevens.
2. C. Robert Stevens, born 1879, died unmarried.

III.Sophronia Leland Stevens (1855 - 1929) never married. She worked at clerical positions and was with the Government in Washington a long time. She took care of her mother for many years.

John Augustin Charles Leland was named first, John Augustin. His mother, on her death bed, said, "Call him Charles too." John Augustin Charles Leland (81) was born in Northumberland County, Virginia, Jan. 25, 1824. Died at Marietta, Ohio, March 16th, 1895. Buried at McConnelsville, Ohio. He married Dec. 10, 1845, Huldah Shepherd Stevens, youngest child of David Stevens and Eleanor Bentley. She was the daughter of Henry Bentley of Carlisle, Pa., who served six years and nine months in the Third Pennsylvania Regiment in the Revolutionary War, serving under Colonels Cooke, Craig and Harmar and was in the battles of Brandywine, Brunswick and the taking of Cornwallis at Yorktown. His son Sampson is mentioned in Pension Bureau Record. His grandson, George or Charles Bentley, whose wife and two children are buried in the Stevens Burying Ground in Bristol Township, Morgan County, Ohio, went to California in 1849 and after one letter was never heard of again.

Note on George or Charles Bentley: J. Goldsborough Bruff in his account of his company to California in 1849 copied all the grave markers he saw along the way. Among these is one copied in Black Rock Canyon, western Nevada, "C. H. Bentley, died Sept. 9, 1849. aged 43 years." Later in camp in the Sierra Nevada, Bruff found the journal of a doctor who had attended Bentley after he was shot and mortally wounded by his partner in a dispute over common property. This may account for the disappearance of our relative,

David Stevens and wife Eleanor, who were the first settlers in Bristol Township are buried in the above. When Elijah, their first child, was a baby, a party of Indians came to their place and finding her alone proceeded to

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eat all the food in the house. David Stevens was a native of Stamford, Fairfield Co., Conn. His father Abraham, his brother James and he, walked from Connecticut to Washington, Pa., where James, who was a doctor, lived and died,

Huldah Shepherd Stevens was born May 3, 1826 and died April 6, 1866, in McLean, Illinois. She was buried there,

J. A. C. Leland (81) was about 5 ft. l0 in, in height, very square shoulders, brown curly hair and brown eyes, weight 150 lbs. He had a loud voice. On one occasion he told the hired man to go to Cool's store one mile away arid get some nails. When the man arrived the clerk handed him the nails. Though only a lad when brought from Virginia, he never lost his Virginia accent. He would go to the foot of the stairs of a morning and call to the youngest son, Hamer, "Hamah! Get up. My Lawd Amighty, its fo' o'clock." He supported the Union in the Civil War. I heard him say, "Ah can nevah fo'give the Democratic Pahty of Ohio fo' nominating Clement L. Vallandigham fo' Gove'nah, when this country was bleeding." Vallandigham was a Southern sympathizer and head of the Knights of the Golden Circle. He came to our place when I was about five years old and gave each of my sisters a silver dollar and me a five dollar gold piece. I thought it was a cent and set up a howl that I wanted one like the girls had. Mother rescued the five dollar gold piece which I had thrown on the floor, as Grandfather readily agreed to give me a dollar for it. It was customary in that part of Ohio to give a namesake his first suit. I were kilts 'till I was six. How he stayed out of the Civil War is unknown to the writer. Maybe he hired a substitute, In the 60's he went to McLean, McLean Co., Illinois, and engaged in the mercantile business with Thornton Cotton, In 1902, the name "Leland & Cotton" was still legible on the building. He returned to Ohio in 1867 and bought the farm near Bristol. He added to it until it comprised 400 acres and was one of the best in the County.

He engaged in the live stock business. At first they drove the cattle a- cross the Alleghanie Mountains to Baltimore, Maryland. The eldest son, Almon, began to make these trips when eleven years of age. Later ho shipped the stock to Pittsburgh, Pa, When the depression came in 1893 he had bought stock to take later, also he had signed notes for people. Those losses and liabilities caused him to make an assignment and when all was paid there was little left. He moved to Marietta, Ohio and died there at the age of 71. He had all of his teeth when ho died. He was called Gustin and Gus. Son Almon always called him Jason - a play on his initials, J. A. C. Here are two letters - one to Judith Stevens, his sister, and the other to Jennie Leland Porter, his daughter:

Bristol, Ohio, Sept. 10, 1852
Dear Sister:
I would just say that we have another Boy it was born the 8th the next day after you left Huldah wants you to come over and stay a few days if you can.
Your Brother
J. A. C. Leland
You must come over and stay as long as you can for Huldah is
very unwell come soon
J. A. C. L.

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Bristol, Ohio, Feb. 18" 1891

Dear Jennie

I received your letter some time ago and should have answered sooner but we have all been sick but are all better we are having a very mild winter and plenty of mud I received a letter from Henry Stevens telling of the death of Sister Mary
Mr. Snedaker is sick and will not likely get well. Nelly Gray that was is not expected to live
I will close as I have no news to tell you
Your Father J. A. C. Leland

Give Grace a big kiss for me and Grandma

J. A. C. L.

Note: Grandfather had lost the flowery language of his relatives but
not their facility in relating calamities.

He married second, 1867, Ruth Kinsey, divorced 1869; third, Sarah Jenkins who survived him.

He had by Huldah the following children:
l. Frances Lucy Leland (136) born May 15, 1847, died Feb. 23, 1934, buried at Waynesville, Illinois.
2. Almon Stevens Leland (137) born Dec. 22, 1849, died March 8, 1932.
3. Baldwin Mathews Leland (138) born Sept. 8, 1852, died Dec. 9, 1862.
4. Minnie May Leland (139) born March 7, 1856, died Aug. 21, 1910.
5. Jennie Maud Leland (140) born April 19, 1860, died Aug. 1, 1922.
6. Hamer Wiles Leland (141) born Oct. 31, 1863, died Sept. 29, 1932.

l. Frances Lucy Leland (136) married Feb. 26, 1874, John Baker, farmer of McLean County, Ill. He had been a travelling salesman in his youth but devoted the rest of his life till retirement, to a large farm near Waynesville, Ill. He was a staunch Methodist and claimed to be sanctified, which his daily walk and conversation indicated to be true. When he gave up farming they moved to Clinton, Ill. The Bakers had come from Morgan Co., Ohio. John Baker was born Jan. 16, 1843, died Jan. 1, 1918. They had children as follows:
l. Leslie Leland Baker, born Aug. 4, 1875, died Feb. 28, 1909, Unmarried, He was studying for ministry at time of death,
2. Cooke Sillirnan Baker, b. Aug. 6, 1877, d. July 7, 1890. Ho was kicked in the head by a horse and died of lock jaw.
3. Mary Huldah Baker, born Nov. 13, 1879, died March 16, 1921. Unmarried,
4. Nellie Shepherd Baker, born March 25, 1882.
5. John Townley Baker, born Oct. 3, 1885, died Aug. 30, 1886

Nellie S. Baker married Dec. 18, 1902, Lester M. Teal. The Teals were from Morgan County, Ohio. They had the following children:
l. Frances Mary Teal, born Oct. 20, 1903
2. Leland Townley Teal, born Oct. 3, 1906
3. Grace Lilyan Teal, born May 16, 1913

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Leslie and Nellie live in the old home in Clinton, Illinois.
Frances Mary Teal married first, March 26, 1922, Glenn Edward Bellow, married second, _____ Seeley, married third _____ She has one daughter, Patricia Joan Bellow, born Nov. 17, 1925, married Jan. 26, 1946, Ralph James, a veteran of Okinawa. Living in Washington State.
Leland Townley Teal married, Nov. 22, 1930, Ella Melcina Troutman. Their children are:
l. Shirley Jean Teal, born May 16, 1932
2. Charliss Arlene Teal, born Oct. 20, 1937
3. Roger Leland Teal, born June 28, 1939
Leland Townley Teal is credit manager for Sears-Roebuck & Co., Gary, Indiana .
Grace Lilyan Teal married, Oct. 28, 1935, Willett Claire Munsil.
Their children are:
l. Willetta Jean Munsil, born April 23, 1939
2. Carolyn Joyce Munsil, born March 20, 1941
3. Karen Jeannette Munsil, born Feb. 6, 1943
4. Russell Kenton Munsil, born April 11, 1948

Almon Stevens Leland (137) married Aug. 9, 1872, Sarah Ellen Worthington,
born July 8, 1849 at New Alexandria, Ohio, died Jan, 18, 1929, buried at
Woodlawn Cemetery, Zanesville, Ohio. She was the daughter of Nicholas
Christopher Worthington, a Methodist minister for over fifty years in the
East Ohio Conference. Her mother was Margaret Douglas. They met at Emery
Church, Morgan County where Nicholas was minister.

Almon Stevens Leland was a brakeman on the Chicago & Alton R. R. and when the family came back to Ohio he went to Baxter Springs, Kansas and engaged in driving cattle from Texas to the railroads in Kansas, He returned to Ohio in 1872 and married the preacher's daughter.

Nicholas Worthington had a farm in Brush Creek Township, Muskingum Co., Ohio, and as he was in a distant circuit, Almon rented the farm. He was on and off this farm till 1882 when he bought a place on Brush Creek, six miles from Zanesville and resided in the township for the rest of his life. He held all the township offices and was County Commissioner two terms, and Infirmary Director, He was called "Am". When he moved to Muskingum County someone got it "Ham" and many of his friends, of whom he had a host, so called him. In politics he was referred to as "Honest Ham". In addition to farming on the side, he engaged all his life in the live stock business. He was an excellent judge of stock and could look at a horse or a cow critter and guess its weight within a few pounds. Ho was 5 ft. l0-1/2" tall, weight 150 lbs., dark, slightly curly hair and blue eyes, an expert driver and rider. He never had a bad tooth. He had children as follows:
l. Blanche Douglas Leland (142), born Aug . 6, 1873, living in Zanesville, Ohio.
2. Carrie Margaret Leland (143), born Nov. 10, 1875, died April 27, 1922.
3. John Augustin Charles Leland (144) born Aug. 12, 1876, living in Berkeley, California.
4. Nicholas Worthington Leland (145) born Dec. 2, 1885, living in Hutchinson, Kansas.

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Blanche Douglas Leland (142) married, first, Feb. 14, 1394, Levi G. Westfall of Beardsley, Big Stone County, Minnesota, where she had been teaching school. They had:
l. Leland Westfall, born Dec. 21, 1394, died Feb. 9, 1895, buried at Beardsley
2. Eleanor Westfall, born Aug. 3, 1902
3. Almon Leland Westfall, born Aug. 1, 1905
Levi Westfall, after same business reverses, went to Camano Island, Washington, to get a new start. He never sent for his family and they went back to Ohio. Some years later Blanche secured a divorce and married Clarence L. Everett, a widower with six children. All the children are married and gone and they live alone at Zanesville. Levi Westfall died a few years ago at Crescent City, California after abandoning a second wife and two children in Oregon.
Eleanor Westfall married __ __ John Matesich. They live at Zanesville, Ohio and have no children.
Almon Leland Westfall is unmarried and is in the hotel business at Dansville, N. Y.

Carrie Margaret Leland (143) married Oct. 8, 1898, Sherman Tecumseh Pletcher, born May 28, 1874, died Oct. 1924. He was a very successful pottery salesman. His father, Nicholas Pletcher, Deavertown, Morgan County, Ohio, was a soldier under William Tecumseh Sherman and a great admirer of the General, so he named his only son, Sherman Tecumseh. They had:
Virginia Leland Pletcher, born May 14, 1904, married Oct. 16, 1937
Finis Tyler Bates, born Dec. 28, 1903. He was a Captain in Second
World War, served in England and as Public Relations Officer at
Wellston Air Depot, Macon, Ga. They are now living in San Antonio,
Texas, They have no children.

John Augustin Charles Leland (144) born Aug. 12, 1878 on the Worthington Farm. Attended district school and two years at Zanesville High School. Went to Minnesota in 1897 to work on farm and finished High School at Ortonville, Minnesota in 1900. Went on the road selling pottery for the S. A. Weller Co., Zanesville, Ohio and was with them for over thirty years. Since 1933 he has been with J. A. Bauer Pottery Company, Los Angeles, Calif. He is the shortest Leland I have met, being 5 ft. 7" and weighing 160 lbs. He has brown hair and blue eyes. At the age of 70 he has all of his teeth.

J. A. C. Leland (144) married June 28, 1905, Agnes Vera Cranmer, born Dec. 13, 1881 at Beardsley, Big Stone County, Minnesota. She is the daughter of George Crittenden Cranmer, born May 24, 1857 at Barnegat, New Jersey, died July 28, 1894 at Beardsley, Minn., and Frances Carrie Kelsey, born Sept. 24, 1859 at Anoka, Minnesota, daughter of Peter Kelsey and Lucy Giddings, niece of Joshua R. Giddings of Ohio, the crusading abolitionist of the House of Representatives. Peter Kelsey and wife came to Anoka County, Minnesota about 1854 and took a homestead three miles north of Anoka. At the time of the Sioux outbreak in 1862 they abandoned everything and fled to Fort Snelling and from there decided to go back to Troy, New York which was Peter's old home. When the outbreak was over, Dr. Aurora Giddings of Anoka went out to the Kelsey place. Everything was gone except a straight backed chair which he took home and returned to the Kelseys when they came back a few years later. This is now a prized possession of Mrs. Agnes Leland. On one occasion a band of Chippewa Indians came to the place when Lucy was alone with the children and demanded food. Their dog, sensing something wrong, ran to the back of the place where Peter was working and by his

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actions let him know that he was wanted at home, Peter came and gave them
some tobacco and told them to "puckway" (go). The chief laughed and pointing to Lucy said, "She fraid."

In 1878 George C. Cranmer took up e homestead about four miles south of Beardsley, Minnesota, and there, in a sod house on December 13th, 1881 Agnes Cranmer was born without benefit of physician. Mrs. Matthews, the mid-wife for the community, hefted the baby on her hand and said, "She is just about the size of a good sized pullet, and a good sized pullet weighs two pounds."

J. A. C. Leland and Agnes Cranmer, after their marriage, June 28, 1905, lived in Zanesville, Ohio until 1907 when they returned to Minnesota. In 1920 they moved to Oakland, California and since 1930 have lived in Berkeley, California. Their children are:
Frances Caroline Leland (146) born July 21, 1907
John Augustin Charles Leland (147) born Aug. 15, 1909

Frances Caroline Leland (146), graduated from Oakland, Calif. Technical High
School, and College of the Pacific at Stockton, Calif. Taught at Ripen,
Calif. and at San Jose State Teachers College, married May 6, 1937, Louis
Wasserman, born Oct. 12, 1906, Sheboygan, Wisconsin, A. B. (University of
California at Los Angeles) 1936. M. A. (University of California) 1939.
P. H. D. (University of California) 1948. 1947-48 Assistant Professor of
Philosophy and Government. Full Professor, 1951 San Francisco State College.
Publications :
Self-Help Cooperatives in Los Angeles Co., Berkeley, Calif.
 University Press, 1939
The Handbook of Political Isms, New York, The Association
 Press, 1941
Modern Political Philosophies, Garden City, New York, Garden City
 Pub, Co., 1944

The Wassermans have three children:
John Leland Wasserman, born Aug. 13, 1938
Abby Carol Wasserman, born May 30, 1941
Richard Cranmer Wasserman, born July 8, 1942 They live in Mill Valley, Calif.

John Augustin Charles Leland (147), b. Aug. 15, 1909, Minneapolis, Minn. Attended Oakland Technical High School, the University of California and graduated at Leland Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. After a year at sea as an oiler on a tanker, he entered Jefferson Medical School, Philadelphia, Pa. and completed his course in June, 1936, just ninety- three years after his great, great uncle, William Archibald Leland, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and twenty-seven years after his uncle, Richard R. Cranmer, Minneapolis, Minnesota, finished at that school. He served his internship at the US Marine Hospital, San Francisco, California, and entered practice with Dr. Cranmer, Minneapolis. As a member of the Naval Medical Reserve, he was called to service in October, 1940; served at Naval Hospital, Vallejo, California; the recruiting office in San Francisco and then was given sea duty aboard the destroyer Talbot in Alaskan and Aleutian waters and in the South Seas; next in Naval Hospital, Aukland, New Zealand whence he returned, sick, to San Francisco. After a siege in Oak Knoll Hospital, Oakland, California, he was sent to Great Lakes Training Station, Chicago, Illinois and from there to Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana as Chief Medical Officer. From Purdue he was assigned to Naval Air Station, Jack-

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sonville, Florida and was relieved of duty October 1945 with the rank of
Commander. He is now in general practice in Berkeley, California. Married, March 17, 1944 Marion Elizabeth Hoar, born Nov. 21, 1914, daughter of Lucile Grout Hoar, born March 25, 1378, died June 21, 1946, and Alonzo David Hoar, born __ __ __, died Oct. 17, 1937. Mr. Hoar was a Mainite. When the pine was exhausted in Maine a great many people moved to the pineries of Minnesota .

J. A. C. Leland 3rd and Marion Hoar Leland have one daughter; Robin Ann Leland, born March 30, 1951. (168)

Baldwin Mathews Leland (138) (1852-1862) was a hunchback. The story that the nurse dropped him was current in the family. It was more likely a case of tuberculosis of the spine. He is buried in Lebanon church yard, Bristol. The marble shaft marking his grave had fallen. A few years ago the writer, assisted by C. L. Everett, returned it to its base.

Minnie May Leland (139) (1856-1910) married Feb. 8, 1875, Horace Greeley Porter of McConnelsville, Ohio, son of Francis Porter and Hannah Pyle. The Porters and Pyles were pioneers in Ohio. Francis Porter, Sr., was in the livery business and Horace was put to work at the age of nine, driving travelling salesmen to the various inland stores which did a big business before automobiles came into general use. Ho continued in the livery business till middle age when he was appointed town marshall. A half witted man whose relatives, in order to control him, had been accustomed to say, "We will get Harry Porter after you " came up behind him and shot him in the head. Their children were:
Mabel Porter, born __ __ 1877, died __ __ __
Grace Porter, born Jan. 22, 1880
Hamer Wiles Porter, born Aug. 30, 1887
Frances Hannah Porter, born Jan. 24, 1891

Mabel Porter married Albert Gillespie of McConnelsville. They had no children that lived beyond infancy.

Grace Porter went to live with her uncle and aunt at Omaha, Nebraska when about nine years of age. She grew up there and taught in the public schools, married David Francis Anderson, born April 17, 1883 of Keokuk, Iowa. Their first child, Horace Porter Anderson, born Aug. 3, 1908 lived six hours. They have one daughter, Betty Leland Anderson, born June 7, 1910 and live at Fort Worth, Texas.

Hamer Wiles Porter went to Omaha, Nebraska when quite young and went to work for the Union Pacific Railroad. Some time later he went with the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific and for many years has been their General Agent in Los Angeles, California. He married Florence Shulenberg and they have one daughter, Jane, born June 24, 1914-15, who married Ray Schneiders and has one daughter, Frances Kristen Schneiders.

Frances Hannah Porter grew up in McConnelsville, Ohio. She went to Los Angeles, California where she taught school, married Edward Okay and they had one son, Robert Okey. In World War II he joined the air force and was sent to North Africa. On a flight to Italy he fell behind and his commander asked what the difficulty was. Bob replied that ho was having a little difficulty but would catch up. He was never heard from after that. Frances has been teaching in the schools of Columbus, Ohio for a number of years.

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Jennie Maud Leland (136) (1860-1922) married January 1884, Francis Fayette Porter, brother of Horace Greeley Porter. They moved to Warsaw, Indiana where ho worked in a drug store for his uncle Charles Pyle. Then they moved to Omaha, Nebraska where he was employed by Richardson Drug Company, Wholesale. Later he and two others formed the Porter, Ryerson, Hoobler Company, manufacturing Pharmaceuticals, They had no children.

Hamer Wiles Leland (141) (1863-1932) was named for a Methodist minister on the Lebanon Circuit, Hamer Wiles. As a young man he had travelled around the west as a cowboy. About 1890 he returned to Ohio and settled down to farming and live stock dealing in which he was very successful. He married about 1896, Della Blanche Chrisman, born Jan. 14, 1878, died March 30, 1902. Their children were:
Huldah Leland (148) born Oct. 21, 1897, died March 8, 1902
Helen Leland (149) born May 7, 1899, married ______• No children.
Hope Leland (150) born Oct. 19, 1900, married _____ _____. No children.
On Nov. 11, 1902 he married Amelia Magdalene (Reed) Chrisman, widow of Arthur Chrisman, his first wife's brother. She had two boys, Hugh Chrisman and Raymond Chrisman, both living in Morgan County, Ohio. By his second wife he had:
Mary Alice Leland (151), born June 13, 1904, Married ____ _______
Grayce Catherine Leland (152) born Sept. 10, 1906, unmarried
Mary Alice and Grayce Catherine are nurses in Zanesville, Ohio.

J. A. C. Leland (81) married, second, his housekeeper, Ruth Kinsey. His son, Almon, about 16, came in and found her beating the baby, Hamer. Ho promptly threw her out and she never returned. His third wife was Sarah Jenkins, a very estimable maiden lady with no glamour. Gustin had his eye on a pretty young woman of a shiftless family. Tho grown daughter, Frances, said, "Pa, if' you must get married, why don't you got someone like Sarah Jenkins who would be of some use to you?" and by crackie! the old boy went and married Sarah,

Baldwin Mathews Leland (28) born March 11, 1780, died Aug. 27, 1832, married for his second wife, Fob. 25, 1828, Rebecca Ann Travers, daughter of Henry Hicks Travers, born Oct. 10, 1802. Baldwin Mathews Leland died in 1832 and on Nov. 15, 1837 she married W. W. Harding. Captain Cox, a generation before Edward Cox, Peter Cox, Dandridge Cox and Octavius Cox, and father of some of them, was guardian of Lucy and Fabricius Leland after B. M. Leland died, The widow was dissatisfied with his guardianship and this was a factor in her decision to remarry.

The children of B, M. Leland and Rebecca Ann Travers Leland were:
l. Virginia Marion Leland (82) died young
2. Lucie Rebecca Leland (83) born March 12, 1830, died June 4, 1899
3. Fabricius Baldwin Mathews Leland (84)
Lucie Rebecca Leland married Oct. 10, 1852, William Morgan Newton, born June 7, 1323, died April 27, 1890. He was the son of Major William Newton and Mrs. Maria Louisa Morgan Gavet, widow of Captain John Gavet and daughter of Captain James Morgan and Ann Travers. They had children as follows:
l. William Morgan Newton, died in infancy and was buried at the foot of his grandfather's (B. M. Leland) grave in the family burying ground on Cypress Farm. In digging the grave they chipped off a piece of B. M.'s casket. It was walnut and as sound as the day it was put in the ground.

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 II. Ella Virginia Newton died in 1919. Married Robert Greenbury Harrison. They had five children:
l. Lucia (Lula) Leland Harrison, married W. H. D. Read who died in 1928.
2. William Newton Harrison, died in infancy
3. Robert Greenbury Harrison (lied in 1928.
4. Ella Newton Harrison died young
5. Raymond Owens Harrison, married Laura Grace Hopkins They have one son and two daughters:
a. Virginia Grace Harrison, married Fred Gauss. They have one son, Robert Gauss
b. Lee Gildea Harrison
c. Jane Elisabeth Harrison
 III. Estelle Newton died in infancy
 IV. Eugenia Leland Newton, died while in High School
 V. Willie Harding Newton died in infancy
 VI. Mary (Mollie) Olivia Newton died Sept. 18, 1942. Married Harlem Jefferson Redd, died in 1914.
 VII. Anna Maria Newton, died young
 VIII. Lucia Rebecca Newton died in 1932, married Charles Edward Rutter who died in 1926. They had eight children:
l. Edward Leroy Rutter, married Osie Erwin. They had three daughters :
a. Janet Verlie Rutter died in infancy
b. Chima Marguerite Rutter married Harry Stevens. They have daughters, Peggy Jean Stevens born Aug. 9, 1938. Harriet Lee Stevens, born Mch. 1940
c. Betty Lee Rutter married Eugene Booker. They have:
Patricia Ann Booker born Dec. 31, 1940 and Noel Roe
Booker born Nov. 13, 1941.
2. Helen Claire Rutter died while in High School in 1910
3. Charles Newton Rutter died in infancy
4. Dorothe King Rutter married Victor Damuth Martin - one son, Victor LeRoy Martin
5. Robert McLean Rutter, died young
6. Mary Thelma Rutter, married Kenneth Devaughn House, who died in 1939. Two children:
a. Mary Thelma House
b. Kenneth D. House Jr.
7. Eugene Leland Rutter died in infancy
8. Joseph Warren Rutter, married Margaret Gertrude Schmidt

 IX. Maria (Ridie) Morgan Newton, married Harry J. Roberts, one son, Alfred Cookman Roberts, Dade City, Florida
 X. Eugene Leland Newton, married Maud Roberts, daughter of John B.
  Roberts and sister of Harry J. Roberts, above.
Eugene and Maud live in the old Newton homestead at Woodlawn, a suburb of Baltimore, Maryland

Fabricius Baldwin Mathews Leland, born August 18, 1832, died Jan. 5, 1893, married Feb. 28, 1856 Rebecca Ann Barclay of Lakeville, Dorchester County, Maryland, born Nov. 24, 1842, died Sept. 13, 1910. He was loyal to the Union in the Civil War and was conducting a store on the Virginia side of the Potomac. Hearing that the Rebels were on their way to take him, he and his family left everything and fled in the night across the bay to one of the Maryland islands. Later he moved to Cambridge, Maryland where he

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spent the remainder of his life.

Fabricius Baldwin Mathews Leland (84) had a large family:
 I. Florence Leland (153) born Feb. 26, 1858, (died 1929, married William Adams. They lost several children in infancy, including two pairs of twins and raised one son, Charles G. Adams who married Bertha Sherman. Their children:
a. Elisabeth Adams, married and has four children
b. Charles Adams, married
c. Augusta Adams
d. ______ Adams
 II. Madora Leland (154) married John Parker. Their children:
l. Julian Parker, deceased, had granddaughter living in 1937
2. Amy Parker
3. Lillie Parker
4. Lula Parker
5. Freddie Parker
6. Johnny Parker
In 1939, Amy, Lillie, Lula and perhaps others, were living
 III. Lucie Rebecca Leland (155) born April 14, 1863, married Henry Ruark. Their children:
l. Nettie Ruark, married Clarence Keene - one daughter, Louise Keene, died in 1932
2. Thomas W. Ruark, married Grace B. Cannon. There is one son, Thomas W. Ruark Jr.
3. Lois Ruark
4. Lucy Ruark married Carroll Dail, and had Carroll Dail Jr.
5. Lee Ruark, married
6. Eugene Ruark, married
 IV. Willie Leland (156) born Nov. 8, 1865, died at eight months
 V. Margaret Leland (157) born Nov. 8, 1865, married Dec. 10, 1890, Captain John W. Evans, living in Baltimore, Maryland. Their children are:
l. Marion Leland Evans, married Rev. B. Frank Auld, Methodist minister. He was pastor at Bolair, Maryland. Children:
a. Frank Auld Jr., at the age of seventeen ho graduated from High School and won a scholarship at Drew, worth $500.00 per year for four years.
 b. Marion Evans Auld (girl)
2. Edgar Ernest Evans M. D. Has charge of one of the DuPont Hospitals in New Jersey, married Roberta Bell. Children:
 a. Roberta Evans
 b. Robert Evans
3. John W. Evans Jr., also with DuPont Co., Married Hilda Hurst. Children:
 a. Betty Lee Evans
    b. John Evans
    c. Doris Evans
 VI. Henry Leland (158) born August 17, 1870, married Virginia Stewart. They lost several children close to infancy and have living in 1937:
l. Mary Leland (159), married John Sann. They had:
  Henrietta Sann who married Andrew F. May
  2. Henry Leland Jr. (160) married Henrietta ______ One daughter, Audrey Leland (161) married Chester J. Whitten. They have one son.

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 VII. Mary Eugenia Leland (162) born Nov. 8, 1873, married Will Trego. Died six months later.
 VIII. Annie Basye Leland (163) born Feb. 25, 1876, married Eugene Mills. Children:
 l. Fabricius Leland Mills, married Susie Dunnock. Children:
  a. John Mills
  b. Ann Mills
 2. Mildred Mary Mills, married (Jennings Keene or Dennis Keene)
  Several children.
 3. Viola Leland Mills, married Bertram R. Winchester.
  Children:
  a. Bertram R. Winchester Jr.
  b. Eugene Mills Winchester
 4. Anna (Lena or Jean) Mills, married _____ Watson or Dr. Robert   R Clark. Children:
a. Mace Clark - or Watson
b. George Clark - or Watson
c. Mary Clark - or Watson
 IX. Chloe Virginia Leland (164) born Dec. 16, 1878, died in infancy
 X. Nettie Leland (165) born Feb. 9, 1880. Died in infancy
 XI. Viola Leland (166) born Dec. 9, 1881, died Jan. 20, 1903
 XII. Bessie Leland (167) born Dec. 28, 1884, married Martin Leroy Goslin, Feb. 26, 1904. He was of an old family from the Eastern Shore of Maryland. He was in the shoe business in Shawnee and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and latterly in real estate. He died Dec. 21, 1941.
  Their children are:
l. Martin Leroy Goslin Jr., born June 1, 1905, married first Nov. 8, 1926, lone Dodson. No children. Married second, Ruby Marsha of Nowata, Oklahoma, Nov. 20, 1928. Children:
a. Webe Jo Goslin, born Jan. 21, 1930
b. Wanda Lee, born Aug. 22, 1931
Married third, Evelyn May, Dec. 5, 1936. Living in Oklahoma
City, Oklahoma
  2. Rev. Martin Leland Goslin, born Nov. 26, 1910, married Margaret Louise Jayne. They have two children:
Mathew Leland Goslin born Dec. 8, 1937
Judith Louise Goslin, born July 3, 1939
Rev. Goslin is pastor of the largest Congregational Church in the state of New Hampshire, located at Manchester, He is a writer of ability, being the author of several books and poems. Bessie is living with him. They removed to Evanston, Illinois.

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CONCLUSION
 
 
 
 
 

The greater part of the data recorded in this account was secured in the 1930's and early 1940's so no doubt there are subsequent births and deaths which can be added by those interested.

This record might well be called, "The Rise and Decline of the Leland Family" as there are not a dozen male descendants of the name now living.
 

J. A. C. Leland
Berkeley, California
May, 1952

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NUMBERS OF THE LELANDS
 

John Leland (1)
Lucy Lee (2)
Sarah Leland (3)
Martha Leland Nutt (4)
Mary Leland Haynie (5)
John Leland (6)
Charles Leland (7)
Susannah Leland (8)
Anne Henrietta Leland (9)
Lucy Leland (10)
John Dudley Leland (11)
Charles Henry Leland (12)
Samuel Alexander Mangan Leland (13)
Henry Towles Leland (14)
Lucius Cary Leland (15)
Lucy Leland (16)
Lucius Cary Leland (17)
Elisabeth M. Leland (18)
Lucy F. Leland (19)
Mary Benjamina Leland (20)
Maria Payne Leland (21)
Eliza C. Leland (22)
Lucy Leland (23)
Mary Leland (24)
John Leland (25)
Charles Leland (26)
John Lee Leland (27)
Baldwin Mathews Leland (28)
Leroy Peachy Leland (29)
Maria Leland (30)
John Walter Leland (31)
Leroy Griffin Leland (32)
Lucy Lee Leland (33)
Mary Leland (34)
James Alexander Leland (35)
Charles Leland (36)
John Peachy Leland (37)
Molly Leland (38)
John Gresham Leland (39)
Ellie Leland (40)
Minnie Leland (41)
Alexander Leland (42)
Richard Earle Leland (43)
Mary E. Leland (44)
John Gresham Leland Jr. (45) died in 1918
Mary Leland (46)
Loring Hall Leland (47)
died at 6 months
James Leland (48)
Charles Leland (49)
William Leland (50)

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Numbers of the Lelands cont'd
 

Ardenia Leland (51)
Loyola Leland (52)
Maud Leland (53)
Alberta Leland (54)
Lucy Lee Leland (55)
Maria Leland (56)
Priscilla Frances Leland (57)
Leroy Lee Leland (58)
Ida Leland (59)
Lucy Lee Leland (60)
Betty Leland (61)
John Leland (62)
Ella Leland (63)
Emma Leland (64)
Lafayette Ball Leland (65)
Arthur Leland (66)
Clara Leland (67)
Clara Frances Leland (68)
Edna Leland (69)
Nancy Leland (70)
Arthur Leland (71)
Clara Leland (72)
Judith Smith Leland (73)
Mary Jamieson Leland (74)
William Archibald Leland (75)
Elisabeth Lombard Leland (76)
Ann Maria Leland (77)
Sarah Moore Leland (78)
Baldwin Mathews Leland Jr. (79)
Betsy Fauntleroy Leland (80)
John Augustin Charles Leland (81)
Virginia Marion Leland (82)
Lucy Rebecca Leland (83)
Fabricius Baldwin Mathews Leland (84)
Julietta Catherine Leland (85)
Mary Kate Leland (86)
John Drish Leland (87)
Robley D. Leland (88)
William A. Leland (89)
Margaret Barr Leland (90)
Maggie Leland (91)
Maggie Leland (92)
Morgan Clemens Leland (93)
Corinne Banks Leland (94)
Harry Lee Leland (95)
Anna Laura Leland (96)
Corinne Gladys Leland (97)
Dudley Leland (98)
Percy Warren Leland (99)
Jessie Leland (100)
Xonna Leland (101)
Mabel Leland (102)

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Numbers of the Lelands cont'd
 

Minnie Leland (103)
Richard McLester Leland (104)
Richard McLester Leland Jr. (105)
Charles Leland (106)
Frank Leland (107)
William Archibald Leland 3rd (108)
William Archibald Leland 4th (109)
Mary Leland (110)
Ella Leland (Ill)
Henry Hume Leland (112)
Julia DuBois Leland (113)
Rebecca M. Leland (114)
Henry Hume Leland (115)
John DuBois Leland (116)
Carrie Snow Leland (117)
Dr. Joseph Leland (118)
Joseph Leland Jr. (119)
Robert Leland (120)
Margaret Leland (121)
Hume Leland (122)
Judith Jocasta Leland (123)
Ann Maria Leland (124)
Elijah Stevens Leland (125)
(Charles Francis Leland
( or
(Sarah Frances Leland (126)
Wirt Leland (127)
Mattie E, Leland (128)
Virginia Leland (129)
William M. Leland (130)
Elmer Leland (131)
Albert William Leland (132)
Iris Elisabeth Leland (133)
Charles Asbury Leland (134)
Madge Leland (135)
Frances Lucy Leland (136)
Almon Stevens Leland (137)
Baldwin Mathews Leland (138)
Minnie May Leland (139)
Jennie Maud Leland (140)
Hamer Wiles Leland (141)
Blanche Douglas Leland (142)
Carrie Margaret Leland (143)
John Augustin Charles Leland (144)
Nicholas Worthington Leland (145)
Frances Caroline Leland (146)
John Augustin Charles Leland (147)
Huldah Leland (148)
Helen Leland (149)
Hope Leland (150)
Mary Alice Leland (151)
Grayce Catherine Leland (152)

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Numbers of the Lelands cont'd
 

Florence Leland (153)
Madora Leland (154)
Lucy Rebecca Leland (155)
Willie Leland (156)
Margaret Leland (157)
Henry Leland (158)
Mary Leland (159)
Henry Leland Jr. (160)
Audrey Leland (161)
Mary Eugenia Leland (162)
Annie Basye Leland (163)
Chloe Virginia Leland (164)
Nettie Leland (165)
Viola Leland (166)
Bessie Leland (167)
Robin Ann Leland (168)