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A Revised Descendent List of the Family of William Mabury
of Currabeg, Kenmare, Co. Kerry, Ireland

To be read in conjunction with the Descendant Lists
contained in Donald E. Collins', 'The Mayburys' CD


1. William Mabury of Currabeg, d. after 1719 and before 1722.
m. Rachel Orpen (d/o Robert Orpen and Lucy Chichester).

It is not known who William's parents were. It is possible that William was related to three hammermen: Thomas, Francis and John Mayberry, who were employed at Sir William Petty's Glanarought ironworks until about December 1672.i This list was the basis for a claim made by the 6th Marquis of Lansdowne in 1937 that William was a hammerman employed at Petty's Glanarought ironworks. However, William's name was not on the list in question.ii

The earliest surviving genealogy of the family, the Mayberry genealogy published in Burke's Commoners in 1838, does not mention William, instead a John Mayberry is identified as the progenitor of the family who married Rachel Orpen and had a son, Richard.iii The Orpen pedigree in the same volume does not identify the Mayberry who married Rachel Orpen, but reports that he had a son, Richard, who married a sister of William Duckett and had issue.iv A genealogy compiled from papers held by Edward Orpen Palmer of Killowen, Kenmare, and published in 1874, identified William Mayberry as the progenitor of the family, as did Goddard Henry Orpen in 'The Orpen Family' published in 1930.v Both were probably informed by documents generated by the close dealings that existed between William Mabury and the Orpen family in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. There is no doubt, from the evidence contained in several early Kerry leases, that William was an important and founding ancestor of the Kenmare Mayburys, but he may not have been the individual who initially established the family at Kenmare.vi

William outlined his early history in an affidavit of 1st January 1692/3.vii William had been brought over to Glannarought from England by Sir William Petty, although he does not indicate his age at the time or his role at Petty's plantation. He leased (in partnership) a farm at Drumoughty before March 1688/9, but probably in 1686 when the remainder of a bond in the name of Mabury was requested by Thomas Dance.viii William was one of the Protestants that fled for England from Glannerought in March 1688/9 during the Williamite War of 1688-1691. William was in Bristol in February 1691/2, preparing to return to Glannerought with English settlers. However, he returned alone to Glannarought about Lammas (1st August 1692). There, he came into conflict with Captain Topham over the alienation of his lease in May 1692, it having been restored by Richard Orpen and Mr [John of Dunloe?] Mahony at the end of the Williamite War.ix

A further deposition taken on 31 January 1692/3 records a refusal by Captain Topham to renew Mabury's lease on 27th January 1692/3. William reported to Lady Shelbourne his intention to return to England on 1st February until matters were resolved.x

William Mabury acted as an ally to Richard Orpen in Richard Orpen's successful struggle to oust Captain Topham from his position as agent to the Petty family at Glanarought. Richard Orpen took out a 'Grand Lease' over the Petty's Glanarought estate in 1697 and sub-let much of the land. William witnessed several of these subleases and took out (possibly renewed) two himself: Gurtnadullagh (Gortnadullagh)- Currabeg and Drumoughty (Dromoghty) in 1712.xi William also held part of the townland of Gortalinny under an unrecorded lease signed before 1711.xii

The last Maybury lease under the 'Grand Lease' was signed by Richard Mabury in 1716, which appeared to indicate that William had probably died, or was at least infirm, by that year. However, a William Maberry provided proof in a legal case, Isabella Orpen vs Shelburne, in 1719. William was described as 'William Mabury of Currabeg, Gent., deceased' in a document of 1721-22.xiii

William's last years were dominated by the threat posed to his leases by legal action. Around 1710, Henry Petty, Lord Shelburne, moved to overturn Richard Orpen's 'Grand Lease'. In 1713, some of William's lands, including Gortalinny, were threatened by Trinity College Dublin, which sought to reclaim its lands caught up in the 'Grand Lease'. Trinity's action was successful and, in 1714, William accepted his position as a tenant of Trinity College.xiv

2. Richard Mabury (or Maybery) of Gortalinny, d. after 1743 and before 1763.
m. Miss Duckett (sister of William Duckett).xv

Richard Mabury signed a lease, as a sub-tenant of Richard Orpen, over the townland of Goortrooskagh in 1716.xvi Much of his adult life must have been dominated by the uncertainty brought on by the legal action pursued by the Petty and Petty-Fitzmaurice (Lords Shelburne) families to contest Richard Orpen's 'Grand Lease' from c.1710. Some Maybury lands had already been transferred to Trinity College Dublin and Richard was a sub-tenant of the College's chief tenant of the Gortagass Estate, Arthur Lavery.xvii In 1743, Richard Mayberry of Gortalinny is recorded in Trinity College documents as having timber rights in part of Dromaturk. That Richard is not mentioned in the documents that were produced by the collapse of the 'Grand Lease' around 1763 indicates that he had died before that year.

The earliest Maybury genealogy, recorded in Burke's 'Commoners', states that Richard Mayberry, son of William Mayberry, married a Miss Duckett, sister of William Duckett.xviii Recent research has dismissed the claim that Richard's wife was Petra Duckett, daughter of Samuel Duckett and Margaret Palmer. Petra married Bastable Maybury, Richard's grandson (not son, as stated in Burke's 'Commoners') by Augustus Maybury.xix This confirms the details contained in a genealogy written by Richard Hawkes Maybury (1845-c.1926) in 1865.xx

Richard Mabury probably had more siblings than has been recorded in the Mayberry genealogy published in Burke. There is a strong case for a possible sibling, Agnes Maybury (see The Family of William Mabury of Currabeg, Kenmare, Co. Kerry, Ireland ['The Mayburys' - CD]). Natasha Lopez has also drawn attention to a record for a Sarah Maybury who married Nicholas Halburd in 1714.xxi There had been a suggestion hat William Mabury had another son, William. This was based on a difference in the signatures of William Mabury on two Mabury leases signed in 1712- one being signed with 'a shaky hand' - that raised the possibility that two William Maburys were involved.xxii This has been dismissed by recent research - only one William Mabury was involved in signing these documents. However, the involvement of a 'Francis Maybury, Gent., administrator of William Maybury, Gent., deceased' as a signatory in Shelburne Estate documents in 1773 does lent support to the theory that William Mabury had another son called William.

Richard Mabury and Miss Duckett may also have had children other than the three sons presented here. Natasha Lopez has has drawn attention to records for an Elizabeth Maybury, who married George Pavey in 1731, and a Sarah Maybury, who married Henry Gwyn in 1734.xxiii

3. Augustus Maybury of Gortescrehane, died (before May) 1785.
m. Mary [Bastable?], widow of [Robert?] Bowen.xxiv

Augustus is almost certainly a son of Richard Mayberry, although not mentioned in Burke's 'Commoners' unless he is the unnamed son referred to in that pedigree.xxv Augustus and his brothers held lands previously held by Richard Mabury and his father, William Mabury: Augustus held Gortnadullagh in partnership with his brother, William; and Dromoughty in partnership with his brothers, William and John. Augustus was affected by the collapse of Richard Orpen's 'Grand Lease' and was a signatory of an Attornment of Lease in 1763 and a Proposal for Renewal in 1764.xxvi He also signed a Release of Right to Perpetuity in 1773 and was included on Lord Shelburne's Rental of 1783.xxvii In 1784, Augustus Maybury signed a petition addressed to the bursar of Trinity College.xxviii

Augustus was referred to as 'Augustus Maybury of Gortescrehane' on the Release of Right to Perpetuity in 1773. The location of Gortescrehane has not been satisfactorily identified, but may be a corruption of the Irish name for Kilgortaree: cill gort an fhraoigh - 'church of the heather field'.

Augustus Mayberry obtained possession of the townland of Kilgortaree after his marriage to Mary, the widow of its tenant, Robert Bowen. It is believed that Mary was Mary Bastable, known to have married Robert Bowen.xxix Augustus also held Derrygaruff in Ballygriffin, Geradivine and Lackaroe and an interest in Gortruska.

Augustus Maybury died intestate in the first half of 1785, but his estate was amicably distributed by his son, Bastable, and his widow. After the death of Bastable, Mary Maybury was provided for with land on the Trinity College Gortagass Estate and part of the townland of Gortnadullagh on the Shelburne (later Lansdowne) Estate.

4. Peg (Margaret?) Maybury.xxx
m. either Myles Reardon of Cahir or William Gill of Whiddy, Bantry Bay.xxxi
Peg's husband was provided with a cash payment by Bastable Maybury and his mother Mary after the death of Augustus Maybury in order to settle any possible claims to Augustus' assets.xxxii

4. daughter Maybury.xxxiii
m. Aldwell

The identification of a grandson of Augustus Maybury named Richard Aldwell and the absence of his father as a beneficiary in 1785 suggests that Augustus had another daughter, deceased.

5. Richard Aldwell Richard Aldwell was the grandson of Augustus and Mary Maybury.xxxiv He was provided with a cash payment by Bastable Maybury and his mother Mary after the death of Augustus Maybury in order to settle any possible claims to Augustus' assets.xxxv

4. Hannah Maybury.xxxvi m. either Myles Reardon of Cahir or William Gill of Whiddy, Bantry Bay.xxxvii

According to Burke, 'Commoners', Hannah Maybury, daughter of Augustus Maybury married William Bowen, son of Robert Bowen and Mary Bastable (refer to Agnes Maybury of the second Kenmare Maybury generation ['The Mayburys' - CD]).xxxviii This would appear unlikely. William Bowen was brought by Mary, widow of Robert Bowen, to her marriage with Augustus Maybury. Thereafter, he was regarded as son of Augustus Maybury. Unless Augustus had his daughter Hannah by a previous marriage, William would not be able to marry his half-sister. If such a William Bowen/Hannah Maybury marriage did take place, then it was probably a different William Bowen involved. It would also have been Hannah's second marriage, as property records indicate that Hannah was married to either Myles Reardon or William Gill in 1796.

Hannah's husband was provided with a cash payment by Bastable Maybury and his mother Mary after the death of Augustus Maybury in order to settle any possible claims to Augustus' assets.xxxix

4. Mary Mayberry .
m. 20 November 1773 at Constitution Hill, Dublin, Ireland - Thomas Duckett (s/o William Duckett and Mary Taylor).xl

Thomas Duckett was provided with a cash payment by Bastable Maybury and his mother Mary after the death of Augustus Maybury in order to settle any possible claims to Augustus' assets.xli

Further note and issue list: See descendant lists contained in Donald E. Collins, 'The Mayburys', CD.

4. Bastable Mayberry, d. 1785, after 21 May.xlii
m. c.20 January 1779 xliii - Petra Duckett (d/o Samuel Duckett of Gortalinny and Margaret Palmer)xliv.

Recent research has uncovered documents at Bowood House, Wiltshire, England, documenting a dispute in 1796 between Cornelius Hawkes and Augustus Maybury's widow and her son, William Bowen, an executor of Bastable Maybury's estate. They identify Bastable's wife as Petra Duckett (sometimes thought to have been the wife of Richard Maybery). The documents also confirm that Bastable Maybury was the only son of Augustus Maybury of Gortescrehane.

Upon the death of his father, Bastable took out letters of administration, with the consent of his mother Mary Maybury, on 21 May 1785.xlv Bastable and his mother agreed to divide Augustus' assets equally between them and to settle any other possible claims to Augustus' assets with cash payments to Augustus' sons-in-law: Myles Reardon, William Gill and Thomas Duckett, and to his grandson Richard Aldwell.xlvi

Bastable died in the same year as his father and he left property to his daughter, Mary, and his wife, Petra. According to Thomas Palmer, Bastable settled all his assets on these two women (according to their Articles of Intermarriage, Bastable was to leave Petra one third of his assets). Bastable is identified as 'Bastable Maybury of Killgortane, Co. Kerry, 1785' in Phillimore's Indexes to Irish Wills - 'Killgortane' being a transcription error for 'Killgortaree', modern Kilgortaree (with an 're' not an 'n' on the original).xlvii

Petra Maybury married Thomas Palmer c. 2 September 1786 (date of Marriage Articles).xlviii

5. Mary Maybury.xlix
m. Cornelius (Corless) Hawkes (s/o Curliss Hawkes and Elizabeth Crooke), d. 1855.li

Mary Maybury was the only daughter and heir of Bastable Maybury. Her affairs were managed by William Bowen of Cledagh and Duckett Mayberry of Greenlane. Upon her marriage to Cornelius (Corless) Hawkes, her property at Kilgortaree and Dromoughty passed to the Hawkes family who held it into the 19th century.lii

Issue list: See descendant lists contained in Donald E. Collins, 'The Mayburys', CD.

3. William Maybury, d. c.1794.liii
m. Mary Aldworth.liv.

Recent research has shown that William Maybury III of Cledagh (husband of Mary Aldworth) was not, as previously thought, the son of William Maybury II (d. c.1773). He was William Maybury, son of Richard Maybery; and brother of Augustus Maybury of Gortescrehane and John Mayberry of Greenlane, all three of who signed an Attornment of Lease in 1763 and a Proposal for Renewal in 1764.lv He also signed a Release of Right to Perpetuity in 1773 and was included on Lord Shelburne's Rental of 1783.lvi

William Maybury II is now struck from the Kenmare Maybury genealogy.

As a result, the identity of William Maybury, who died in c.1773, is now unknown. One can speculate that he was a brother of Richard Maybery and a possible ancestor of the Mayburys of Cloghereen and Lackabane, Killarney. William Maybury of Cloghereen, one of the latter Mayburys undertook an expansion of his leaseholdings in 1773 and either his brother or son, Francis Maybury, was always considered most likely to have been the Francis Maybury, 'administrator of William Maybury, Gent, deceased' who took part in lease negotiations with Lord Shelburne's agent at Kenmare in 1773.

It was the entry of Francis Maybury, 'administrator of William Maybury, Gent, deceased' into the affairs of the Kenmare Mayburys that led to speculation that the William Maybury, who had been a signatory of an Attornment of Lease in 1763 and a Proposal for Renewal in 1764, had died and been replaced by his son and heir, also William.lvii However, an examination of signatures on the original documents of 1763, 1764 and 1773 has shown no evidence of change. In addition, Corless Hawkes, in a memorial of c.1796, stated that Augustus Maybury, deceased, took out the last lease over Gortnadullagh with his brother William Maybury, deceased. That last lease was taken in 1773. Indeed, this is a further confirmation of the details contained in Richard Hawkes Maybury, 'An Account of Richard Hawkes Maybury's Forefathers', unpublished paper, 1865.

Cledagh, or Cleady, William Maybury's place of residence, takes its name from the nearby Cleady River. Cleady is also referred to as Gortagass, a townland of the Parish of Kenmare and a centre of Maybury settlement. Trinity College Dublin's Gortagass Estate takes its name from this townland.

The deletion of William Maybury (d. c.1773) and his replacement by William Maybury of Cledagh (husband of Mary Aldworth) in the third Kenmare Maybury generation will cause changes in the subsequent numbering of the generations of this line in the descendant list, "A. The Family of William Mabury of Currabeg, Kenmare, Co. Kerry, Ireland" in Donald E. Collins, 'The Mayburys', CD (ie. generation 5 will now be generation 4, etc. - but only in William Maybury of Cledagh's line).

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i Petty Papers, British Library, Add. MS 72857, folio 171 recto.
ii Henry William Edmund Petty FitzMaurice Lansdowne, 6th Marquis of Lansdowne, Glanerought and the Petty-FitzMaurices, Oxford University Press, 1937, p.18.
iii Burke, John, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol.4, Henry Colburn, London, 1838, p.vii.
iv Burke, Commoners, p.282.
v Rev. A. Henry Herbert Palmer, 'Genealogy of the Family of Palmer, of Kenmare Co. Kerry, Ireland' in Joseph Jackson Howard (ed.), Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, Vol. 1, New Series, Hamilton, Adams, and Co., London, 1874, p.298. Goddard Henry Orpen, The Orpen Family. Being an account of the life and writings of Richard Orpen of Killowen ... together with some researches into his forbears in England and brief notices of the various branches of the Orpen family descended from him, Butler & Tanner: Frome & London, 1930, pp.99-101.
vi Gerard J. Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare and Tuosist 1696-c.1716', in Journal of the Kerry Archaeological & Historical Society, No.10, 1977, pp.38-49
vii Orpen, The Orpen Family, pp. 99-100, quoting affidavit of Mabury, dated 1 January. 1692/3.
viii Dance to Orpen, 25 May 1686, Petty Papers, Add. 72863, Letterbooks of Thomas Dance about Petty's Irish affairs; 1686-1700, British Library, folio 70v-71r.
ix Orpen, The Orpen Family, pp. 99-100, quoting affidavit of Mabury, dated 1 January. 1692/3.
x Mary Agnes Hickson, Selections from Old Kerry Records, Watson and Hazell, London, 1872, pp.121-122.
xi Subleases of Glanarought made by Richard Orpen in 1697 etc, The Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xii Typescript of lease, Richard Orpen of Killowen to William Duckett of Gortalinny, 12 May 1711, Petty Papers, Add. 72903, Vol.LIV, 15/42, British Library.
xiii 'Original Article from Teige and Dan Sullivan to Isabella Orpen whereby they raised their rents, 19 Feb. 1721', in Gerard J. Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare, Bonane and Tuosist 1720-1770', in Journal of the Kerry Archaeological & Historical Society, No.11, 1978, p.28.
xiv Attornment to College of 8 tenants on lands in Co. Kerry (part of lands in controversy with Ld. Shelburne), June 1714, Papers relating to College estates, Munster: MUN/P/23/1112, Trinity College Dublin Manuscript Library [TCD].
xv Burke, Commoners, p.vii.
xvi Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare and Tuosist 1696-c.1716', p.49.
xvii Petition of Mrs Lavery, TCD, MUN/P/23/1471a.
xviii Burke, Commoners, p.vii.
xix Henry Pelham, 'A Report on the Several Petitions & Memorials of Thomas Palmer, Corless Hawkes etc', c.1797, No. 75, Co. Kerry 1792-1803, p.III - IV, The Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xx Richard Hawkes Maybury, 'An Account of Richard Hawkes Maybury's Forefathers', unpublished paper, 1865. This document was preserved by Maybury researcher, the late Ms Derre Maybury of Texas, United States, who distributed several copies. The original document remains with her family.
xxi Marriage licence, Diocese of Cork and Ross.
xxii Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare and Tuosist 1696-c.1716', pp.42, notes the 'shaky hand'.
xxiii Marriage licence, Diocese of Cork and Ross.
xxiv Burke, Commoners, pp.ix; 284.
xxv ibid., p.vii.
xxvi Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare, Bonane and Tuosist 1720-1770', 1978, pp.48-49; 53-54.
xxvii Lyne, 'Landlord and Tenant Relations on the Shelburne Estate Tenure in Kenmare, Bonane and Tuosist 1770-1775', in Journal of the Kerry Archaeological & Historical Society, No.12, 1979, pp.32; 59.
xxviii TCD, MUN/P/23/1485a.
xxix Burke, Commoners, pp.ix; 284.
xxx Joint Affidavit of Myles Reardon, Richard Aldwell and John Harrington, 15 Dec 1796, attachment 8, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report on the Several Petitions & Memorials of Thomas Palmer, Corless Hawkes etc', c.1797, No. 75, Co. Kerry 1792-1803, The Trustees of the Bowood Collection [hereafter Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection].
xxxi Joint Affidavit of Myles Reardon, Richard Aldwell and John Harrington, op. cit. Henry Pelham, 'A Report on the Several Petitions & Memorials of Thomas Palmer, Corless Hawkes etc', Trustees of the Bowood Collection, p.4. Whiddy was an island in Bantry Bay.
xxxii Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, attachment 6; Letter of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, attachment 7, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xxiii Joint Affidavit of Myles Reardon, Richard Aldwell and John Harrington, 15 Dec 1796, attachment 8; Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, attachment 6, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xxxiv Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, attachment 6, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xxxv Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel; Letter of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, op. cit.
xxxvi Burke, Commoners, p.ix.
xxxvii Joint Affidavit of Myles Reardon, Richard Aldwell and John Harrington, 15 Dec 1796, attachment 8; Henry Pelham, 'A Report on the Several Petitions & Memorials of Thomas Palmer, Corless Hawkes etc', c.1797, No. 75, The Trustees of the Bowood Collection, p.4.
xxxviii Burke, Commoners, p.ix.
xxxix Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel; Letter of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, op. cit.
xl Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel; Letter of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, op. cit. Jeremiah King, County Kerry past and present: A handbook to the local and family history of the county, Dublin: Hodges, Figgis & Co., 1931, p.129. Adam Stewart, Qld Australia, pers. comm.
xli Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel; Letter of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, op. cit.
xlii Memorial of Corless Hawkes, c. November 1796, attachment 16, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xliii Articles of Intermarriage between Bastable Maybury, Augustus Maybury, Samuel Duckett and Petra Duckett, 20 January 1779, attachment 13, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection.
xliv ibid.
xlv Joint Memorial of Thomas Palmer and Corless Hawkes, c. November 1796, attachment 17, in Henry Pelham, 'A Report …', Trustees of the Bowood Collection. Palmer was, at that time, resident in England.
xlvi Affidavit of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel; Letter of Thomas Duckett of Clonmel, 13 October 1796, op. cit.
xlvii W. P. W. Phillimore (ed.), Indexes to Irish wills ([microform] , Vol.3, Fort Collins, Co.: Andrew J. Morris, 1986. Casey, Albert Eugene, O'Kief, Coshe Mang, Slieve Lougher, and Upper Blackwater in Ireland, Pub. for the Knocknaggree Hist. Fund, Birmingham, Alabama, 1952-1979, Vol.5, p.304: Wills, Diocese of Adfert and Aghadoe, Co. Cork and Kerry, filed in Cork District Registry, 1690-1858.
xlviii Petition of Thomas Palmer of Cahir, 'A Report on the Several Petitions & Memorials of Thomas Palmer, Corless Hawkes etc', No. 75, The Trustees of the Bowood Collection - Co. Kerry 1792-1803, p. 3.
xlix R. H. Maybury, 'An Account ...'.
l Casey, O'Kief, Coshe Mang..., Vol.6, p.2155: Kerry Evening Post - Maria Hawkes marriage notice. Richard Hawkes Maybury, 'An Account of Richard Hawkes Maybury's Forefathers'.
li Gerard J. Lyne, The Lansdowne Estate in Kerry under W S Trench 1849-72, Geography Publications, Dublin, 2006, p.205.
lii Memorial of Corless Hawkes, c. November 1796, attachment 16; Joint Memorial of Thomas Palmer and Corless Hawkes, c. November 1796, attachment 17, op. cit.
liii Will of Maybury, William (gent) Gortagass Co. Kerry 1794, noted in Thrift, Gertrude (ed.), Indexes to Irish Wills, Vol.III, Ardfert and Aghadoe, Phillimore and Co., London, 1913. J. B. H. Macdonald, Macdonald Maybury Pedigree Chart, Barking Tye Ipswich Sussex, 1999.
liv R. H. Maybury, 'An Account ...'.
lv Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare, Bonane and Tuosist 1720-1770', 1978, pp.48-49; 53-54.
lvi Lyne, 'Landlord and Tenant Relations on the Shelburne Estate Tenure in Kenmare, Bonane and Tuosist 1770-1775', pp.32; 59.
lvii Lyne, 'Land Tenure in Kenmare, Bonane and Tuosist 1720-1770', pp.48-49; 53-54.






September 2014