Family Group Record
|Husband: Samuel I. MOTT|
|Born: ABT 1773||Place:|
|Married: 24 OCT 1819||Place: Windsor, Windsor Co, VT|
|Father: Joseph MOTT|
|Mother: Phebe SMITH|
|Wife: Experience SMEAD 1|
Other Spouses: |
Samuel was the leader of a gang of smugglers and piloted the boat "Black Snake". In an encounter with Canadian Customs agents on of the Canadians was killed. Samuel was imprisoned in Canada for 10 years. One of Samuel's crew was hanged. It does not appear that Samuel returned to Alburg after his release. It is possible that Samuel Mott (1776-June 2, 1835 (age 59)) who married Naomi and lived in Rockingham, VT was this Samuel. ----------------------------------
From V. 1808, Aug. 3 Burlington, CHI
P CT TRACT
Class: certain Crime: HOM: 3 adults Rela: NONDOM REVENUE AGENTS by SMUGGLERS Motive: SMUGGLING Intox?: Day of week: W Holiday?: Time of day: Days to death: 0
HOM: Samuel G. Mott, Cyrus B. Dean, David Sheffield [& accomplices: Josiah Pease, William Noaks, Slocum Clark, Freeman Mudget, Francis Ledgard, Thomas Ledgard m. Jonathan Ormsby, Asa Marsh, and Ellis Drake
Weapon: gun (wall pein). SGM: pulled the trigger & shot JO & AM. DS: shot ED. CBD: leader of smugglers.
Circumstances: armed resistance by smugglers to revenue agents. The assailants were crewmen on the Black Snake, a vessel that smuggled goods to and from Canada during the Jeffersonian embargo. In 1808, Mott, Dean, and their compatriots opened fire on a revenue cutter that had hailed them on Lake Champlain and followed them up the Onion River. The smugglers killed three of the cutter's crew, all Vermont militiamen. Most Vermonters may have opposed the embargo, but few sympathized with smugglers who attacked Vermont's soldiers. The leaders of Vermont's Republican Party were particularly incensed, because they believed the smugglers were part of a Federalist Party plot to destroy democratic government and betray the nation into the hands of the British. According to the World, a Republican newspaper in Bennington, "Treason stalks in open day light. . . . Blood calls for vengeance!" Eyewitness accounts of the Black Snake affair conflicted, so Dean's fellow smugglers could be convicted only of manslaughter or lesser charges. Dean, however, was found guilty of murder and executed as a warning those who would harm government officials.
Indictment: yes, all for murder
Court proceedings: CBD: pNG. fG. DEATH,. Hanged 11/11/1808. SGM: pNG. fG of mansl. 10 yrs. Pardoned 10/1817. DS: fG of mansl. 10 yrs. Pardoned 11/1815. FL: pNG. fG of mansl. 10 yrs. Pardoned 11/1811. Others pNG. np
Chi. Co. Sup. Ct. 1: 335, 366, 368, 370
Journal of the General Assembly of Vermont, 1808: 38
"The trial of Cyrus B. Dean, for the murder of Jonathan Ormsby and Asa Marsh." Burlington, VT: Samuel Mills, 1808. (at the American Antiquarian Society) McDade #246
Farmer's Cabinet: 8/16/1808: HOM in VERMONT: dtl Burlington, 8/5: W last. Revenue cutter from the lines, commanded by Lt. Farrington, w/ sergeant & 12 privates, dispatched by Collector of Customs in pursuit of a large batteaux called the Black Snake, owned by persons near the lines, well known as smugglers. Cutter pursued her up Onion River. Taken while its crew, armed, stood on the bank of the river & threatened to fire on the lst man to go on board. Part of the cutter's crew manned the batteaux & started down river. Got 100 rods when smugglers opened fire, killing Ellis Drake (of the cutter crew) inst. Shot through head. Several more shots fired; Lt. ordered his men to steer for shore.
"Scarcely had they landed" when a large gun called a wall piece, about 10' long, carrying 16 oz. balls, fired at them. Killed Asa Marsh (another of the crew of the cutter), & Jno. Ormsby of Burlington (a bystander, who returning from work happened to be present at the unfortunate moment). The Lt. also wounded in his left arm & head. The people of Burlington turned out & apprehended 8 of the smugglers. INQ VERDICT: willful murder against 6 of those captured.
Farmer's Cabinet 8/23: Mott apprehended in Canada.
Farmer's Cabinet 9/13: trials. the 8 prisoners: Samuel J. Mott, Wm Noaks, Slocum Clark, Freeman Mudget, Cyrus B. Dean, Jso. Peas, David Sheffield, & Francis Ledgard.
Farmer's Cabinet 11/29: EXECUTION OF CYRUS DEAN IN BURLINGTON, VERMONT, 11/11: "The concourse of people at his execution was very great. He exhibited no signs of repentance, denying his crime to the last momemnt and appeared almost indifferent to his fate. Before he swung, he kicked his hat into his grave, spit on his coffin, and pulled his cap over his eyes."
The World (Bennington) 8/8/1808: HOMICIDE / GREAT RE: IMMEDIATE CALL FOR REVENGE & BLOOD--RE: CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: The Ormsby-Marsh Murders on Onion River: same story. Ed. -- "Eight weeks ago we predicted, that such events must soon succeed the treasonable language of the northern federal papers and federal memorials.--The tories of the day are daring and insolent." . . . "Citizens of Vermont. The best blood of your country has crimsoned the intervales of Burlington! Treason stalks in open day light! The blood of Ormsby calls for Vengeance! CAn you be sleeping, while the blood of Patriots is flowing? Enquire what is the cause--who are the abettors. You are not safe in your dwellings. Awake, and gird on your swords-the day of calamity is near! Blood calls for Vengeance! The time is come when the enquiry will be heard, Who is on the Lord's side--who?--Citizens of Vermont, you see what Federalism is producing. Awake, before it is too late.--Rally round your government. Drive these men from your confidence: they are false; their paths are Treason, and Cruelty is in their habitations. The day of just retributuion is at hand. Be firm, be united, and you are safe. Divisions ruin you; they will ruin your country. If you love your country, show it by your conduct. Now is the all important moment."
SUPPLEMENT TO THE WORLD: 8/23/1808: XEROX: on the murder of Ormsby, Drake, and Marsh. [in file, not typed in: READ LATER -- excellent iconography -- coffins, etc.
PICTURE TO USE
NOTE: A fiercely Republican, pro-Embargo paper.
Vermont Gazette 1808: 9/12: a notice of the trial and the verdicts. Only Ormsby and Marsh killed, according to the indictments. What about Drake? CHECK MY COUNTS ON THIS ONE: THREE MEN WERE INDEED KILLED!!!
The World, 1/16/1809: Supreme Court of Vt commenced session in Burlington on Jan. 3. "Judge Tyler's speech is said to be very patriotic." Mott & Mudget fG of mansl by the jury. [NOTE: Tyler's loyalties.]
"Pork and grain are constantly smuggled into Canada. All the speculators of this and the adjoining states are feeding the enemy; all the roads are full of sleighs laden with provisions; it is said 300 go into Canada daily with pork.--Such business will soon be stopped by the act just passed for effectually enforcing the embargo."
THE WORLD, 1/30/1809: others tried, convicted, & sentenced, except Mudget, whose jury could not agree. Stands committed for trial at next January term for murder of Ellis Drake.
SGM Alburgh M 0,10,16,26 F 16
[and the hhld of an older Samuel Mott]
CBD: none in VT
DS: no Sheffields in Milton or South Hero; a Charles Sheffield in Burlington (M 0,0,10,26 F 26)
JP: none in Swanton
WN: John Nokes in Highgate (M 0,26 F 0,16)
SC: none in Highgate
FM: David Mudget (M 0,10,10,16,45 F 10,16,45)
FL & TL: none
Jonathan Ormsby (Burlington) M 0,0,16,26 F 0,0,10,10,26
ED & AM: no
Genealogy: Accused 1: Samuel G. Mott Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: 36 6' Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Alburgh Birthplace: b. Clinton, NY Religion: Organizations:
Accused 2: Cyrus B. Dean
Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Swanton Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Accused 3: David Sheffield Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: 18 Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Milton Birthplace: b. South Hero, VT Religion: Organizations:
Accused 4: Josiah Pease Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Swanton Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Accused 5: William Noaks Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Highgate, VT Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Accused 6: Slocum Clark Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Highgate, VT Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Accused 7: Freeman Mudget Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Highgate, VT Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Accused 8: Francis Ledgard Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: 24 Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Highgate, VT Birthplace: b. Harrington, CT Religion: Organizations:
Accused 9: Thomas Ledgard Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: 24 Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Milton Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Victim 1: Jonathan Ormsby
Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age:  Literate: Marital Status: [m] Children: [yes, several] Occupation: [hhld] Town: [Burlington] Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Victim 2: Asa Marsh Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
Victim 3: Ellis Drake Ethnicity: Race: w Gender: m Age: Literate: Marital Status: Children: Occupation: Town: Birthplace: Religion: Organizations:
1Young, Cathy firstname.lastname@example.org.