No Surnames: ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Vol I File 3: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
The Genealogy of George Washington
First President of the United States of America
The following genealogy is from Wurts, "Magna
Charta," pg. 666-667, Joan of Kent, "The Fair Maid
of Kent," married (2) Thomas de Holland, an original Knight
of the Garter, Earl of Kent, a descendant of Surety Saire de Quincy.
They had a son, Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, born about 1350,
who married Alice Fitz Alan, daughter of Richard, Earl of Arundel,
"Copped Hat." They had a daughter Alianore Holand,
wife of Edward Cherlton, parents of Joyce Cherlton, who married
John Tiptoft, who died in 1443. They had a daughter, Joyce Tiptoft,
first wife of Edmund de Sutton, alias Dudley. They in turn had
a son, John de Sutton, alias Dudley, of Aston le Walls, second
son, living in 1541, married perhaps Margaret Charroll. They
had a daughter, Margaret Sutton, wife of John, of Aston le Walls.
From this marriage there was a son, William Butler of Tyes or
Tighes in Cuckfield, co. Sussex, who married Margaret. They had
a daughter Margaret Butler, who died in 1652, married August 3,
1588, Lawrence Washington of Sulgrave, co. Northampton. Their
son was Rev. Lawrence Washington, who married Amphillis Twigden
of Little Creaton, co. Northampton. They had a son, Col. John
Washington, born about 1632, who entered into a partnership with
Edward Prescott of Barbados and Virginia and arrived in the Potomac
River in 1656. He married Ann Pope of Maryland. They had a son,
Major Lawrence Washington of Mattox, born in September, 1659.
He married Mildred Warner. They had a son, Capt. Augustine Washington,
born in 1694, married (2) Mary Ball, daughter of Col. Joseph
Ball and his wife, Mary. They were parents of General George
Washington, the first President of the United States.
3. Eleanor Plantaganet, born 1306, died
Edward I. was sixty-seven when he died. He
lived a full life, and the range of his activities presents the
historian with considerable problems. He played a major part
in the political troubles of the later years of his father's reign;
went on crusade; governed England during a period particularly
formative for legal and parliamentary development; conquered Wales,
and came close, or so it seemed in 1304, to subjecting Scotland
to his rule. He was not a purely English ruler. He held the
Duchy of Gascony in south-western France, and took a very considerable
interest in its affairs. As befitted a ruler of his stature,
he played a major part in European diplomacy and war.
Thus, at King Edward I. the line of English royalty, in fact all ancestral royalty, ends for the descent to the Negus Line and finally to Homer Beers James
Princess Elizabeth Plantaganet continues the line through the
Bohuns In Volume II. Prince Thomas Plantaganet of Brotherton
continues the line through the Segraves in Volume II.
3. Early Kings of Mercia
2. Watholgeon ( and possibly Waga)
3. Uihtlaeg (Wihtlaeg)
4. Uermund (Wermund)
"The Offa of Angel" of Widsith.
7. Eamer (Eomer)
8. Icil (Icel)
9. Cnebba (Cneba)
(first Earl of Mercia according to Wurts. See note below.)
12. Pypha (Pybba), father of the following
1. Penda (626-655 ?)
2. Eowa, father of two sons as follows:
1. Alwih, father of Ethelbald, King of Mercia
2. Osmod, father of Eanwulf.
1. Eanwulf, father of Thingfrith, and grandfather
of Offa, King of Mercia (757-796).
1. Coenwulf, ruled Mercia from 796 to 821.
3. Cuthred, King of Kent (798-807)
ruled Mercia from 821 to 823. He had a son. Coenhelm (St. Kenelm),
killed in 821, at the age of 7.
Followed by a succession of kings of unknown
origin, the last of whom, Burgred,
was replaced by the ealdorman Ethelred before 883. Note that
Burgred married Aethelswith,
daughter of Ethelwulf, King of England
(839-855). Wurts reports that Ealhswith,
daughter of Ethelan, Earl of Mercia, descended through Crioda,
1st Earl of Mercia.
Early Scottish Ancestors
1. Early Irish and Scottish Kings to Malcolm III.
Ref: Wurts, "Magna Charta"
Ref: Anderson, "Scottish Nation"
King Caradoc's birth-book (pedigree register)
records his own as well as others' descent from illustrious ancestors,
through thirty-six generations from Aedd Mawr as follows:
Another line of ancestral descent is as follows:
married the daughter of Boadicea and
her husband Prastugasus, ruler
of the Iceni, inhabitants of the land now comprising Norfolk and
2. King Cole, Coel, or Colius I was
the father of Athildis and was also the great grandfather of Aioffe.
4. Child of Athildis, parent of Aioffe.
120th Monarch of Ireland, married Fiacha Trabhteine. He died in 322.
6. Muredach Tireach, 122th Monarch of Ireland.
7. Eochaidh Muigh Meadhoin, 124th Monarch
8. Niall Mor, known as Niall of the
Nine Hostages, 126th Monarch of Ireland.
9. Eoghanr Owen
11. Fergus Mor Mac Earca, 131st Monarch
of Ireland, in 498 A.D., with five of his brothers, went into
Scotland with a complete army to assist his grandfather Loarn,
King of Dalriada, in overcoming his enemies, the Picts. Upon
the King's death, Fergus was unanimously elected king, and became
the first absolute king of Scotland, of the Milesian race.
16. Eochaidh Buidhe
17. Donald Breac
19. Aodh (Hugh) Fionn
20. Eochaidh Rinnamail
who died in 834.
22. Kenneth MacAlpin, who died in 854.
who died in 878.
24. Donald (Donal IV. or Domnall), who
died in 903, King of Scotland, 893-904.
25. Malcolm I, who died in 958, King of
Scotland 943, acquired Cumbria 945 from Edmund, the Saxon king
of England. On the abdication of Constantine III., Malcolm succeeded
to the throne in 944. In 945, Edmund, the Saxon king of England,
ceded Cumberland and part of Westmoreland to him, on condition
that he would defend that northern territory, and become the ally
of England. Edred, the brother and successor of Edmund, accordingly
applied for, and obtained the aid of Malcolm against Anlaf, King
of Northumberland, which latter country he wasted, and carried
off the inhabitants with their cattle. In the time of Malcolm
I., the people of the province of Moray, in the northeast of Scotland,
were a mixed race, formed of Scandinavian settlers, with Scottish
and Pictish Celts. Turbulent and rebellious, they were continually
at war with the sovereign, and an insurrection having occurred
under Cellach, maormer of Garmorgan, Malcolm marched north to
reduce them to obedience. He killed Cellach, but was, some time
thereafter, assassinated in 953 at Ulurn after a reign of nine
years. He was succeeded by Indulph, the son of Constantine II.,
and Indulph had as his successor, Duff, the son of Malcolm, who
ascended the throne in 961. Malcolm I. had two sons as follows:
26. Kenneth III, who died in 994. He
succeeded as King of Scotland in 971, after an intermediate possessor
named Culen, son of Indulph. Wife unknown. They had a son, Malcolm
(Note: According to J. Fines, "Who's
Who in the Middle Ages," pg. 158, Macbeth's mother was
a sister of Malcolm II., instead of his daughter, as shown below.)
27. Malcolm II., born about 954, died November
25, 1034. He succeeded to the throne in 1003, and had a troubled
reign of about thirty years. He defeated Kenneth IV., at Monievaird
in Strathearn, and in consequence became king. His annoyance
came from the Danes who, in previous reigns, had made several
attempts to effect a settlement in Scotland, but had been defeated
in all of them. They had secured a firm footing in England, and
the year after Malcolm's accession to the throne, they commenced
the most formidable preparations, under their celebrated king,
Sweyn, for a new expedition to the Scottish coasts. Malcolm finally
defeated this initial invasion in 1010. There was a second attempt
made to gain a foothold in Northern England, but it too was defeated.
In 1014, another Danish force landed on the coast of Buchan.
The Danes on this occasion were led by Sweyn's celebrated son,
Canute, afterwards King of England and Denmark, and again they
experienced a signal overthrow. A treaty was drawn up which stipulated
that the Danes agreed to quit every part of the Scottish coasts,
and this was followed by the final departure, the same year, of
these invaders from Scotland. Malcolm was next engaged in war
with the Northumbrians, and, having in 1018, led his army to Carham,
near Werk, on the south bank of the Tweed River, he was met there
by Uchtred, Earl of Northumberland, when a desperate battle took
place. The victory was claimed by Uchtred, who was, soon after,
assassinated, when on his way to pay his obeisance to the great
Canute. He killed Kenneth III., son of Dub. He had no sons.
Having succeeded as King of Alba in 1005, Malcolm II. secured
Lothian by the battle of Carham about 1016 and about the same
time obtained Strathclyde for his grandson, Duncan, thus forming
the kingdom of Scotland. He had at least three children:
1. Bethoc (Beatrice). See below.
2. Doda (Donada), the younger daughter,
married Synel, Lord of Glammis. Another source names the husband
Finlaec, mormaer (sub-king) of Moray. They had a son, Macbeth,
born about 1005, who died on August 15, 1057, killed by Malcolm
III., after Macbeth killed Duncan, Malcolm's father. This same
source has Macbeth marrying about 1032, Gruoch. Macbeth was the
model on whom Shakespeare based his famous character in
28. Bethoc (Beatrice), the eldest daughter
of Malcolm II, married Crinan the Thane, Lord of the Isles, hereditary
Abbot of Dunkeld, born in 975, died in 1045. She was the aunt
of Macbeth. They had a son, Duncan.
29. Duncan I. (Maldred), King of Scotland,
was slain by his cousin, Macbeth, local chief of Moray in 1041.
One source puts his death on August 14, 1040. He was also the
King of Strathclyde. He married about 1030, a cousin (some say
the sister) of Siward, Earl of Northumbria. Wurts records that
he married Algitha,
daughter of Uchtred, Earl of Northumberland
and his wife, Elgifu, daughter of King Ethelred II.
They had the following children:
1. Malcolm III See below.
2. Donald Bane, born about 1033, ascended
November 13, 1093, at the death of his older brother, deposed,
May 1094, restored November 12, 1094 and finally deposed October
1097. During his 2nd reign he is said to have shared the government
with Edmund, son of Malcolm III and Margaret. There was issue:
Earl of Dunbar, born 1040, died 1075 (according to Wurts). He
had a daughter Waldeve of Dunbar
who married Sigfrid.
They had a daughter, Gunnild of Dunbar, who married Uchtred,
Lord of Galloway, who died in 1174. They had a son, Roland,
Lord of Galloway, who died in 1200, and who married Elena,
daughter of Richard de Moreville and
his wife, Avice of Lancaster. They
had a son Alan MacDonal,
Lord of Galloway, at Runnemede in 1215, died in 1223. He had
a daughter Helen MacDonal,
who married Roger de Quincy.
See the continuation of this lineage elsewhere in Volume II.
30. Malcolm III, grandson of Malcolm II.,
King of Scotland, called Canmore (Caen Mor, or great head)
because of the large size of his head, was born in 1024, before
his father was called to the throne, and he became king at the
time of his victory over Macbeth in 1039, remaining so until his
death in 1093. He was buried at Icelmkill. He married about
1059 (1) Ingibiorg, and about 1069 (2) Margaret (St. Margaret), daughter
of Edward the Exile (Etheling). Margaret
died in Edinburgh Castle of grief at the death of her husband,
November 16, 1093, and was buried at Dumfermline. In 1250 Margaret
was declared a saint and on June 19, 1259 her body was taken from
the original stone coffin and placed in a shrine of pinewood set
with gold and precious stones near the high altar. In Scotland
the grace cup is called St. Margaret's blessing. When Scotland
became Protestant the remains of St. Margaret and her husband,
Malcolm III., were carried to Spain and placed in the Escorial,
built in her honor by King Philip II, of Spain. There was issue
by the first marriage with Ingibiorg as follows:
31. Matilda (Maud) of Scotland married
King of England, son of William the
Conqueror. This marriage united the
Saxon and the Norman dynasties.
See the continuation of this lineage in the
Line of English Royalty in Volume I.
Malcolm III and his wife Lady Margaret also
had another son, David I., in the direct lineage.
31. David I. (St. David), King of Scotland
from 1124 until his death May 24, 1153, was hallowed by the people
but never canonized. David was a wise and just king, born probably
about 1085, ascended April 25, 1124. He shared his mother's wisdom
and love of civilization. He continued to found Augustinian monasteries,
to strength Roman Christianity, and he much favored the Cistercians.
He founded burghs of independent townsmen; and bishoprics; established
the office of chancellor to issue official documents bearing the
royal seal, and he made Norman feudal law apply to Scotland.
His education and his favorites were English; but politically
he aimed not merely at independence of the English king, but at
control of the Northern shires of England. He gained control
of Cumberland and Northumberland and the tyrannous William Comyn,
Bishop of Durham. He became Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton
and acquired a dangerous claim to Northumberland by his marriage.
In 1113 he married Matilda,
daughter of Waltheof, Count of Northampton
and Huntingdon, Earl of Northumberland, and Judith, his wife,
a niece of William the Conqueror.
They had the following children:
4. Henry of Scotland, Prince of Scotland, Earl
of Northumberland and Huntingdon. See below.
When Stephen usurped the English crown, David
had a good excuse for repeated invasions on the pretext of supporting
his niece, Matilda the Empress. The Archbishop of York, old Thurstan,
rallied the countryside and won a victory at Northallerton over
David's undisciplined hordes (1138). It was called the Battle
of the Standard because the English erected in a frame the mast
of a ship on which they hung the banners of St. Peter the Apostle,
St. John of Beverley and St. Wilfrid of Ripon (1138). David accompanied
Matilda on her flight to Winchester (1140) and it was from him
his great-nephew, the future Henry II., received knighthood at
the age of sixteen.
32. Henry of Scotland,
Prince of Scotland and 9th Earl of Huntingdon, died in June 12,
1152, before his father, to the universal grief of all Scotland.
He married Ada Warren, daughter
of William de Warren II (Warenne) and his wife, Isabel Vermandois,
and sister of William, Earl of Warren (Warenne) and Surrey.
Henry was the ninth Earl of Northumberland. They had the following
33. David of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon,
was knighted by King Henry II. in 1170. He accompanied King Richard
I. to the Holy Land, with 500 men in his train; but upon his return,
his fleet being scattered, he was made prisoner of the Egyptians,
and eventually redeemed by the Venetians. He married in August
1190 Maud Keveloik,
Countess of Huntingdon, eldest daughter
of Hugh de Keveliok, Earl of Chester, and sister and co-heir of
Ralph Keveloik, Earl of Chester. David
died June 17, 1219 at Yardley, in Northamptonshire and was buried
at Sawtrey Abbey. They had the following children:
1. John le Scot, Earl of Huntingdon, who,
in the right of his mother, became likewise Earl of Chester.
He died in 1237, without issue, when the Earldom of Huntingdon
became extinct, but his great possessions devolved upon his sisters
as co-heirs. He married as her first husband, Helen, eldest daughter
of Llewelyn the Great.
2. Margaret of Huntingdon. See below.
3. Isabel of Huntingdon, married Robert
Bruce V., 4th Baron of Annadale. He was the son of William Bruce,
3rd Baron of Annadale, and had large estates in both England and
Scotland. He died in 1245 and she died in 1252. They had a son,
Robert Bruce, Lord of Annadale, born in 1210. He was an able
and strenuous baron, and acted a great part in the reign of King
Alexander III. of Scotland. In 1255, he was appointed one of
the fifteen Regents of Scotland. In 1284, he was one of the Magnates
Scotiae who consented to accept Margaret of Norway as their sovereign,
on the demise of Alexander III. He contested unsuccessfully,
in 1291, for the throne of Scotland. King Edward I., the arbitrator,
decided in favor of John Balliol. He married in May 1240 (1)
Isabel (Isabella) Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 3rd Earl
of Gloucester, and a Surety of the Magna Charta, born November
2, 1226, and living July 10, 1264. He succeeded his father in
1245 and his mother in 1251. On April 19, 1267 he, together with
his son, swore fealty to the King and Prince Edward. He married
before May 10, 1275, (2) Christian d'Irevy, daughter of William
d'Irevy. Robert Bruce, at the age of eighty-five, died at Lochmaben
Castle in 1295 and was buried April 17, 1295 in Guisborough Priory.
Robert and Isabella had the following children:
1. Robert Bruce, his heir and successor,
Lord of Annadale. He married Margaret, daughter of Neil Carrick
and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Walter, high steward of Scotland,
and they had ten children, the eldest of whom was Robert I, the
Bruce, King of Scotland, crowned in March 1306. During the reign
of King Edward II, Bruce gradually reduced the English hold on
Scotland, until the English army in 1314 finally withdrew at the
battle of Bannockburn. From time to time war with England continued
until a truce was signed in 1323 and finally after King Edward
III had been King of England for a year, in 1328, Robert Bruce
was formally recognized as King of Scotland. His first wife was
Isabel Mar, daughter of Earl Donald, and his second wife was Elizabeth,
daughter of Richard de Burgh. By his first wife he had Marjory
Bruce, wife of Walter Stewart, who had King Robert II, and from
him a son, King Robert III, and from him a son, King James I,
born in 1394, died February 20, 1437, married Joan Beaufort, the
granddaughter of King Edward III.
2. Bernard Bruce, of Conington and Exton.
3. Christian Bruce, married Patrick Dunbar,
7th Earl of March, ancestress to a long line of Earls of March.
4. Ada of Huntingdon, married Henry de Hastings,
Lord Hastings. They had Henry de Hastings, one of the competitors
for the Scottish throne in the time of Edward I., who in turn
had John Hastings.
5. Maud of Huntingdon, died unmarried.
34. Margaret of Huntingdon, married Alan MacDonal, son
of Roland, Lord of Galloway, died in 1200, married Elena, died
1217, daughter of Richard de Moreville and his wife, Avice of
Lancaster. Alan MacDonal, Lord Galloway,
became, in her right, constable of Scotland. He was at Runnemede
in 1215, and died in 1223. They had a daughter as follows:
35. Helen MacDonal, married Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester.
He was the second son of Saier de
Quincy, Earl of Winchester. His older brother, Robert died in
the Holy Land, thus Roger had livery of his father's estates,
and he subsequently succeeded to the earldom.
See his lineage under the Quincy Line. They had the following
1. Margaret Quincy, married William de Ferrers, 7th Earl of Derby.
She brought to her husband the manor and Barony of Groby. See
the continuation of this lineage elsewhere in Ferrers Line in
2. Elizabeth Quincy, married Alexander Comyn,
Earl of Buchan, in Scotland, parents of John Comyn.
3. Ela (Elena) Quincy. See below.
36. Ela (Elena) Quincy, married Alan la Zouche, Lord Zouche. They had
three sons as follows:
37. Eudo la Zouche, married Milicent Cantilupe.
See the continuation of this lineage in the
Cantilupe Line, the Zouche Line, and the Berkeley Line in Volume