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Vol I File 4: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
Early Welsh Ancestors
1. Welsh Monarchs to Llewellyn The Great and His Immediate Descendants
Ref: Jones, "The Princes and Principality
Ref: Wurts, "Magna Charta, Vol. III"
First, there is the dynasty of Cunnedda (Line
1. Cunedda Weledig (Cunedda the Great),
was the first in the dynasty of Cunnedda, the line of Gwynedd.
He was a Roman officer, by birth half Welsh, and became King
of the Welsh about A.D. 400. He married and had a son, Einion.
the Impetuous, King of Gwynedd, had a son, Caswallon.
3. Caswallon (Cadwallon), Caswallon the
Longhanded, Prince of North Wales, extended his father's kingdom
and died in 517.
4. Maelgwn Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd, of
much good and evil, died of the yellow plague in 547.
a great king, tall, with red-brown curly hair. He extended his
rule to the Firthm of Forth and died about 586.
King of Gwynedd and Prince of North Wales, died in 599.
King of Gwynedd, but soon abdicated in favor of his son, became
a monk and died in 613.
reigned in peace and died about 620. A tombstone marks his grave
9. Caswallon (Cadwallon), King of Gwynedd
and Prince of North Wales, a great defender of his people, had
a stormy career and was killed in battle in 634.
10. Cadwalader Fendigaid, the third Blessed
Sovereign, last king of the ancient Britons, gave protection within
all his lands to the Christians who fled from the pagan Saxons.
A great warrior, he became a monk, made a pilgrimage to Rome
to receive the Habit of a religious Order from Pope Sergius, and
died in the great plague of 664.
11. Idwal (Edwal) Iwrch, Prince of North
Wales, ruled over Anglesey, and died in 712. He married Agatha,
daughter of Alan, Count of Brittany,
and had Roderic.
12. Roderic (Rhodri) Malwinnoe (Molwynog),
Prince of North Wales, who ruled over Anglesey and died in 754.
He married Margaret of Ireland,
daughter of Duptory, King of Ireland,
and had Cynan.
13. Cynan Dindaethwy., who became King
of Wales in 755, ruled over Triudaethwy and died in 811. He married
Matilda of Flint,
daughter of the Earl of Flint,
and they had a daughter, Eisyllt (Ethil), his heiress.
14. Eisyllt (Ethil) , Queen of Wales, married
Prince of Dehubarth, King of Manaw (seventh
in descent from Uther Pendragon, the legendary King Arthur's father).
15. Merfyn (Marfyn) Frych, (Mervin the
Freckled) married Nesta,
Queen of Powys,
of ancient lineage, and had Rhodri. Merfyn (Marfyn) died in 844.
16. Rhodri Mawr, (Roderick the Great)
was born in 844. Uniting three kingdoms, he became King of all
Wales, having inherited North Wales from his father, Powys from
his mother, and South Wales from his wife. He was slain in battle
in 878, having married Ankaret,
Queen of South Wales, thirteenth in
descent from Cunedda, No. 1 of his line.
The kingdoms he united were at his death divided among their
three sons. The three sons were as follows:
heir to North Wales and ancestor of Llewellyn. See below.
2. Mervyn, heir to Powys.
3. Cadell, heir to South Wales, died about
909. His son, Hywel Dha (Howell the Great), Prince of Wales,
compiled a famous code of laws, and after a long and peaceful
reign, died in 948. He married Eleanor, daughter of the last
king of Dyfed (Pembrokeshire) and the ninth in descent from Cadwgan,
living in 650. His daughter Ankaret and her husband Tewdwr, were
grandparents of Tudor Mawr, from whom descend the Carew, Awbrey,
and other families. He was the great-great grandfather of Bleddyn,
as mentioned below.
This is the lineage according to both references
cited above, except for the descent from Rhodri Mawr. There is
a marked difference from that point on. Both references agree
on the following lineage, however.
the eldest son, Prince of North Wales, died 916.
18. Idwal Foel, Prince of North Wales,
died in 942, married Avendreg of Powys, his
cousin, and had a son, Meyric.
19. Meyric (Meurig), Prince of North Wales,
died in 986.
Prince of North Wales, died in 996.
Prince of North Wales, died in 1039, married Avendreg,
and had a son, Cynan.
of North Wales, married Raignalt,
great granddaughter of Brian-Boru,
King of Ireland, and had Griffith.
He was exiled in Ireland.
23. Griffith (Gruffydd) ap Cynan, Prince
of North Wales, married Ankaret of Tegaingl, and died in 1137.
24. Owen (Owain) Gwinedh (Gwynedd),
Prince of North Wales, married Gladys,
who was descended from Lady Godiva.
Godiva, died 1080, a Saxon lady, the wife
of Leofric III., died 1057, Earl of Mercia, Lord of Coventry,
a great great grandson of Alfred the Great. She is reported in
history as having ridden nude through the city streets of Coventry,
in order to protest the unfair taxation imposed by her husband.
The Godiva procession was instituted May 31, 1678 as part of
the Coventry Fair, was celebrated at intervals until 1826. Their
son was Alfgar III who married (2) Elfgifu, daughter of King Ethelred
II., and his wife, Elfled. Their daughter Lucia de Mercia became
the wife of Ivo de Tailbois and the mother of Lucia Tailbois,
who was the ancestress of several Magna Charta barons through
her daughter Adeliza Meschines. See elsewhere. Alfgar and Elfgifu
were the parents of Ealgith (Edith or Agatha), who was married
about 1057 (1) Griffith, Prince of North Wales and had Nesta,
born 1058, who was married to Trahhaern of Arwystle (son of Caradoc
and grandson of Cynfyn and Queen Ankaret) and had Llyarch, Prince
of North Wales, who married Dyddgu and had Gladys, who was married
to Owen Gwinedh, grandparents of Llewellyn the Great. Ealgith's
second husband was Harold II, born 1022, crowned King of England
January 6, 1066, slain in the battle of Hastings October 14, 1066.
Owen died in 1170.
25. Iorwerth Drwyndwn , Prince of North
Wales, married Maret,
daughter of Madoc, son of Meredith,
son of Bleddyn, a wise and gentle ruler, who died in 1075, and
his wife and Haer.
26. Llewellyn The Great, born 1173, was in
1201 the greatest Prince in all Wales. He married (1) Tangwyal of Rhos, of
ancient lineage, and they had the following
1. Helen, eldest daughter, married (1) John
le Scot, Earl of Huntingdon, from which there was no issue; and
(2) Robert de Quincy, the Younger. Robert died in 1257, in the
tournament at Blie. See his ancestral lineage in the Quincy Line
in Volume II. They had three daughters as follows:
1. Anne Quincy, a nun
2. Joane Quincy, married Humphrey de Bohun,
3. Margaret Quincy, wife of Baldwin Wake,
a feudal lord who died in 1282, with a son, John Wake.
2. Gladys Dhu. See below.
3. Gruffydd (Griffith) ap Llewellyn, Prince
of Wales, died 1242. He married Seneca and had a son, Llewellyn
ap Gruffydd (Llewellyn II), who succeeded his uncle David as Prince
of North Wales in 1246. In 1256 he declared war on King Henry
III. and was able to make himself lord of North and South Wales.
He also assisted the Barons. He was surprised and killed in
1282, in a skirmish with the Mortimers, near Builth, in Central
Wales. He married Eleanor, daughter of Simon de Montfort, Lord
Leicester and his wife Eleanor, daughter of King John.
4. Margaret of Wales (fourth child of Llewellyn
the Great, said by some to have been the daughter of his second
wife, Joan, see below) married (1) John de Braos, surnamedTadody,
and (2) Walter Clifford. There was issue from both marriages.
From the first marriage there were the following children:
5. Angharad, married Maelgwn Fychan, the
only marriage in which both parties were Welsh. From their marriage
a line descends through nine generations to King Henry VII of
England, who married Elizabeth, a descendant of Gladys Dhu.
Llewellyn married in 1206 (2) Joan, the illegitimate
daughter of King John of England (by Agatha Ferrers). Joan died
February 2, 1237. They had a son, Davydd.
At first Llewellyn was a friend of King John,
but their friendship soon ended and in 1211 John reduced him to
submission. However, in the following year, Llewellyn recovered
all his losses in North Wales and, in 1215, he took Shrewsbury.
His rising had been encouraged by the Pope, by France and by
the English Barons. Throughout his reign John and Llewellyn were
friends or foes according to the dictates of intelligent self-interest.
Llewellyn aimed at a united Wales under his rule and resisting
the threat to local independence offered by the increasing royal
power of the kingdom of England. Later Llewellyn managed to make
alliances with the Anglo-Norman lords of the Marches, not only
with his old friend the Earl of Chester, but also with the Mortimers
and the Braoses. With these families Llewellyn had personal links,
as his daughters married members of all of them. Llewelyn died
at sixty-five from a stroke on April 11, 1240, at Aberconway Abbey.
27. Gladys Dhu, ("Dark-Eyed")
married (1) Reginald de Braose; and in 1230 (2) Ralph Mortimer II She died in 1251.
Ralph died in 1246. They had a son, Roger.
28. Roger Mortimer II, died 1282, married
Matilda (Maud) de Braose,
died in 1301.
1. Ralph Mortimer.
2. Edmund Mortimer, died July 17, 1304.
He was the father of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, who died
in 1330; he was the grandfather of Edmund Mortimer, who died in
1331; and the great-grandfather of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March,
who died in 1360. The line continues through Edmund, Earl of
March, died in 1369, Roger, Earl of March, died in 1398, married
Eleanor Holland, daughter of Thomas Holand, died in 1360, and
his wife Joan of Woodstock, who died in 1385. This line continues
to King Edward IV., King Richard III., and King Edward V.
3. Roger Mortimer III, 1st Earl of
March, was born in 1287, died in 1330. He married Joane Geneville, born in 1285, died in
1356. Roger was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland. This lineage
is shown elsewhere in the Mortimer Line in Volume II.
4. Isabella Mortimer. See below.
29. Isabella Mortimer, married John Fitz Alan.
30. Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel,
daughter of the Marquis de Saluzzo.
31. Edmund Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel,
married Alice Warren.
32. Richard Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel,
married Eleanor Plantaganet.
This direct ancestral lineage is continued
elsewhere. See the Fitz Alan Line in Volume II.
The following genealogy traces the descent
from Richard and Eleanor through several more rulers of England
into the mid-15th century. These are not direct ancestors.
33. Joane Fitz Alan, died 1419, married Humphrey
de Bohun IX, died 1372. They had a daughter, Mary.
34. Mary Bohun, married Henry of Bolingbroke,
later, King Henry IV., who died in 1413, son of John of Gaunt
and his wife Blanche Plantaganet of Lancaster. They had a son,
Henry V. This was the beginning of the House of Lancaster. They
also had a daughter, Philippa Plantaganet, who became the wife
of John I., King of Portugal, 1385-1433. Their son was Eduardo
(Edward) I., King of Portugal, 1385-1433, who married Eleanor
of Aragon. There was issue.
35. King Henry V, died in 1422, married Catherine
36. King Henry VI, died in 1471, married
Margaret of Anjou.
37. Edward, Prince of Wales, born in 1453,
died in 1471.