Henry I. died in 1060, having crowned his son, Philip, although he was only a child. Philip was only eight years old at the time of his father's death. One of the young king's uncles, Baldwin, Count of Flanders, became the regent. Anne of Kiev, refused to be regent. Later she was abducted by Raoul of Crepy, lived with him as his wife and married him when his wife died. Widowed a second time, she lost her title as Queen and was henceforth referred to as the Queen Mother. Of Baldwin's regency little is known, although it appears to have been fairly lacking in incident, but Burgundy, over which Robert ruled, took advantage of the situation to assert its independence from the French crown; this was to occur frequently in the course of the various Burgundian dynasties.
See elsewhere for the continuation of this
lineage in the Clare Line in Volume II.
Also, there is another line from Henry I of
France and Anne of Kiev, as follows:
When King Philip I. died in July 1108, he
was succeeded by his son, Louis VI.:
Philip I. married in 1092 (2) Bertrade of
Montfort, daughter of Simon I, Seigneur de Montfort (Count de
Montfort-l'Amaury, and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Richard, Count
of Evreux, and widow of Fulk IV., le Rechin, from whom descended
Fulk V., the Younger, and the Geoffrey Plantaganet, father of
Henry II. of England. They were separated in 1104. Bertade died
in 1117. Philip and Bertrade had four children as follows:
He married in 1154 (2) Constance of Castile,
born in 1140 and died in 1160, daughter of King Alfonso VII of
Castile. From this second marriage there were two daughters as
Louis VII. married in 1160 (3) Adelaide (Adela or Alix) of Champagne, daughter
of Theobold II, Count of Champagne.
They had a son as follows:
To annoy King Henry II. of England, he gave asylum to the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, with whom the king was in disagreement. And in 1173 the king of France managed to turn Henry II.'s sons against their own father. Finally, in conflict with Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, over the Investitures, Louis VII. received Pope Alexander III. in Sens, and Papal intervention prevented the English and Germans joining forces. He died in 1180, after a reign of forty-three years, leaving the crown to his fifteen-year-old son, Philip Augustus.
Philip married on August 15, 1193 (2) Ingeborg
(Ingeburge or Isambour)) of Denmark, sister of King Chanute VI.
of Denmark. She was born in 1175, died in 1236, but that marriage
lasted but one day. For some unknown reason, Philip totally rejected
her after the first night together, and he had her shut up in
a nunnery and later put in prison, attempting to obtain a divorced
decree, in order to remarry. There were no children. He
quickly married in 1196 (3) Agnes of Meran, daughter of the German
prince of the Holy Roman Empire, who ruled Merano, even though
she was so closely related to Philip that their union was automatically
forbidden by canon law. Philip found some obliging churchmen to
annul the first marriage and solemnize the second, on May 7, 1196.
The Pope Celestine III. did not take action
except to issue appeals and warnings. When Innocent III. became
Pope in 1198 the affair had been dragging on for two years. When
Philip refused to yield, Pope Innocent III. placed an interdict
against all of France. This action deprived the entire population
of the sacraments of the Church. Philip finally in desperation
agreed to a separation from Agnes, and the Pope lifted the ban.
But not before she bore him a son, Philip Hurepel of Boulogne,
died in 1234, Count of Boulogne by
marriage with the heiress to the country, active during the reign
of Louis IX., and a daughter, Mary (Marie), who died in
1224, married (1) Philip I. of Namur, who died in 1212, and (2)
Henry I., Duke of Brabant, who died in 1235. There was issue
by this second marriage.
Another son (illegitimate) was born to Philip and "a maiden of Arras", Pierre Charlot, Bishop of Noyon.
From the second marriage, Philip II. and Mary
of Barbant had the following children:
He died in September, 1345, was buried at Leicester (where his obsequies were attended by the king and queen in person), and was succeeded by his son, Henry.
See continuation of the lineage of Eleanor
and Richard Fitz Alan elsewhere in Volume II.
Another line of ancestry continues from above.
8. Jean de Brienne, crowned King of Jerusalem in 1210, Emperor of the East, born in 1148, died in 1237, married Berengaria of Leon., daughter of King Alphonso IX. of Leon and his wife, Berengaria of Castile.
See continuation of this lineage in the Mortimer
Line in Volume II.