No Surnames: ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Vol I File 9: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
5. Counts of Anjou (Ingeler and Fulk I to Geoffrey Plantaganet)
6. The Duchy of Aquitaine to Eleanor and King Henry II of England
1. Barnard Hairyfoot, Count of Aubergne;
styled Duke by 898. He had at least two children as follows:
1. William I of Aquitaine, the Pious, Duke
of Aquitaine from the House of Auvergne, 909. Was a duke by 898.
Total duration 898-918.
2. Adelinda. See below.
2. Adelinda, married Acfrid I., Count of
Razes. They had the following two sons:
1. William II, the Younger, Duke of Aquitaine
from the House of Razes, 918-926.
2. Acfrid II., Duke of Aquitaine from the
Hose of Razen, 926-927.
There is a break in the descent at this point.
The Dukedom is taken by a distant cousin of Acfrid II. The following
is all in the House of Poitiers.
1. Ebalus the Bastard, Count of Poitou,
890-892 and from 902, Duke of Aquitaine, 927-934. He was succeeded
by his son, William.
2. William II., Towhead, Duke of Aquitaine,
934-963. He was succeeded by his son, William.
3. William IV., Fierbras, Duke of Aquitaine,
963-1030, abdicated, died in 996? He was succeeded by his son,
4. William V., the Great, Duke of Aquitaine,
993-1030. He was succeeded by his son, William VI, the Fat.
1. William VI., the Fat, Duke of Aquitaine,
1030-1038. He was succeeded by his brother, Eudes.
2. Eudes, Duke of Aquitaine, 1038-1039.
He was succeeded by his brother, William.
3. William VII., Duke of Aquitaine, 1039-1058.
He was succeeded by his brother, William.
4. William VIII See below.
5. William VIII., Duke of Aquitaine, of
the House of Poitiers, 1058-1086. He was succeeded by his son,
6. William IX., the Troubadour, born October
22, 1071, was Duke of Aquitaine, 1086-1126. He was also William
VII, Count of Poitou. He married (1) Ermengarde, daughter of
Fulk, Count of Anjou, but this marriage was dissolved in 1091,
and a year later Ermengarde married the Duke of Brittany. William
IX. married (2) Philippa (Maud) of Toulouse, born circa 1073, died
Novemebr 28, 1117, widow of King Sancho Ramirez of Aragon, and
daughter of William IV., Count of Toulouse,
who was born in 1040 and died in 1093/1094, and his wife Emma
of Mortaigne, born circa 1058, daughter of Robert, Count of Mortaigne.
William IX. is credited with having written the first troubadour
love poetry. See details of his life in Meade's "Eleanor
of Aquitaine." In her later years Philippa retired to the
Abbey of Fontevrault, where, ironically, Ermengarde, William's
first wife was residing, who ended her life as a nun. Philippa
died on November 28, 1118. After her death, Ermengarde tried
to reinstate herself as the Duchess of Aquitaine, and have the
Pope Calixtus II. excommunicate William and oust Dangereuse, his
mistress, so that she, Ermengarde, might resume her rightful place.
William IX. finally died on February 10, 1126/1127. The following
children resulted from the second marriage:
1. William X., the Toulousan, who succeeded
his father. See below
2. Agnes of Aquitaine, married as his second
wife, Henry III,
Holy Roman Emperor, 1039-1056. See the continuation of this lineage
in the Section on German Kings and Holy Roman Emperors in Volume
3. Four other daughters.
4. Raymond, born in Toulouse.
7. William X., the Toulousan, born in
1099, was Duke of Aquitaine, 1126-1137. He was married, against
his will according to some records, to the daughter of his father's
mistress. He married in 1121 Eleanor of Chatellerault, daughter
of Viscount Aimery of Chatellerault, and his wife, Dangereuse
de l'Isle Bouchard. Dangereuse was the paramour of William IX.
for many years. She died after March
1130. They had the following children:
1. Eleanor of Aquitaine. See below.
2. Aelith, but always known as Petronilla.
3. William Aigret, who died in 1130, at
an early age.
William X. died April 9, 1137, while on a
pilgrimage to the shrine of St. James at Santiago de Compostela
in Spain. At his deathbed he, willed his lands and his daughter
to the King of France, Louis VI.
8. Eleanor of Aquitaine, Duchess of Aquitaine,
1137-1204. She was born either in Poitiers or at the castle of
Belin near Bordeaux in the year 1122. She was named after her
mother, "alia-Aenor" meaning "the other Aenor."
She married (1) Louis VII. Capet, son of Louis VI Capet, the
Fat, King of France. They had the following female children:
1. A stillborn infant.
2. Marie Capet. She and her sister, Alix,
were taken from Eleanor at the time of the divorce. Later when
they both were young ladies ready for marriage they were sent
to the Plantaganets for premarital training.
3. Alix Capet, born 1150.
This marriage ended in divorce, primarily
at the instigation of Eleanor. The marriage was officially annulled
on March 21, 1152. She then married on May 18, 1152 (2) Henry Plantaganet(later King Henry II.
of England when King Stephen died in October 25, 1154. Henry
II. was crowned December 19, 1154). He was, in the right of his
wife, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy, and received Aquitaine
and Poitou as Eleanor's dowry. He abdicated, later in his life,
from Aquitaine and Poitou in favor of his son, Richard. See details
of the life of Eleanor of Aquitaine in two books referenced in
the bibliography. See continuation of this lineage elsewhere
in Volume I.