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Vol I File 11: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
10. Counts of Ponthieu to Joanna Dammartin, Wife of Ferdinand III., King of Castile and Leon
Early Spanish Ancestors
1. Spanish Kings to Edward I
Ref: "Historia de Asturias, Alta Edad
Media" Vol I. (1979)
Ref: Soldevila, F., "Historia de Espana"
Vol. I. (1962)
Ref: Merriman, Roger B., "The Rise of
the Spanish Empire" Vol. I. (Middle Ages) (1918)
The Iberian Peninsula was conquered by the
Arabs in 711. Pelayo, leader of the revolt against the Muslims;
was elected King of Asturias, 718. He reigned from 718 to 737.
He had a son and a daughter as follows:
1. Fafila, successor to his father, Pelayo,
King of Asturias, 737-739.
2. Ermisenda, a daughter, married Afonso
I, the Catholic, King of Asturias, 739-757. They had the following
1. Vermudo (Veremund) (Bermudo) I., the Deacon,
King of Asturias, 789-792. He then abdicated. He
was the grandson of Pedro, Duke of Cantabria, son of Fruela, his
mother, and a brother of Aurelio. who succeeded Mauregato.
See the above description. He had a son, Ramiro I.
2. Ramiro I, King of Asturias, 842-850.
He had a son, Ordoño I.
3. Ordoño I, King of Asturias, 850-866.
4. Afonso III., the Great (el Magno),
King of Asturias, during the period of 866-910. He abdicated
and later died in 910. He had two sons as follows:
1. Garcia, King of Leon, 910-914.
2. Odoño II, King of Leon, 914-924. See
3. Fruela II., King of Leon, 924-925.
5. Ordoño II, King of Leon, 914-924.
He had a two sons as follows:
1. Afonso IV., the Monk, King of Leon, 926-931.
He had a son, Ordoño IV., the Bad, King of Leon, 958-959,
was deposed, and died in 962.
2. Ramiro II, King of Leon and Asturias,
931-951. See below.
6. Ramiro II, King of Leon and Asturias,
ruled from 931 to 951. He abdicated. He had the following children:
1. Ordoño III., King of Leon, 951-956. See
2. Sancho I., the Fat, King of Leon, 956-958.
He was deposed, and restored 959-966. He had a son, Ramiro III,
King of Leon, 966-985.
7. Ordoño III, King of Leon, ruled from
951 to 956. He was succeeded by Sancho I. the Fat, 956-966.
He in turn was succeeded by his son, Ramiro III, 966-985.
8. Bermudo (Vermudo) II. the Gouty, King
of Leon, ruled from 985-999.
9. Afonso V. the Noble, King of Leon,
ruled from 999 to 1028. He had a son and a daughter as follows:
10. Sancha I, Queen and heiress of Leon
in 1037. She died in 1067. She married Ferdinand I, Count of Castile, 1029, 2nd
son of Sancho III. the Great, King of Castile, Navarre, and Aragon
(970-1035), brother of Garcia, King of Navarre (1035-1054), and
brother of Ramiro I., King of Aragon (1035-1063). Garcia was
the ancestral head of a line of Kings of Navarre for many generations.
Ramiro I. was the ancestral head of Kings of Aragon and Counts
of Barcelona and Provence. Ferdinand
I. ruled from 1033 to 1065. He died in 1065. Sancha I and Ferdinand
I had two sons as follows:
1. Sancho II., the Strong, King of Navarre
and Castile, 1065-1072.
2. Alfonso VI See below.
3. Garcia of Galicia
11. Alfonso VI, King of Leon and Navarre
from 1065 to 1109, King of Castile, 1072-1109, King of Galicia.
He married (1) Agnes of Aquitaine,
daughter of William X., Duke of Aquitaine,
divorced in 1079, (2) Constance of Burgundy, died in 1092, daughter
of Robert I., Duke of Burgundy, (3) Bertha, died in 1095, daughter
of William I., Count of Burgundy, and (4) Isabella, who died in
1103. From the first marriage, Afonso and Agnes had a daughter
12. Doña Urraca reigned as Queen of
Navarre from 1109 to 1126, also Queen of Austurias, Leon, and
Castile, 1109-1126. She married (1) Raymond (Raimundo) of Burgundy, son of
William, Count of Burgundy, who died
in 1107. They had a son as follows:
1. Alfonso VII., the Emperor. See below.
She later married (2) Alfonso I., King of
Aragon, from whom she was divorced by annulment in 1114, and (3)
Peter Gonzalez, Count of Lara, who died in 1130. Sometimes Alfonso
I. is identified as Alfonso VII. of Castile and Leon; this makes
Afonso the Emperor Alfonso VIII. of Castile and Leon, and Alfonso
VIII. of Castile (118-1214) Alfonso IX of Castile.
13. Alfonso VII., the Emperor, born in
1103, and after capturing Córdova and other Moorish territory,
he died in 1157. He reigned from 1126 to 1157. He married about
the year 1124 (1) Berengaria (Berenguela),
who died in 1149, daughter of Raymond-Berengar
III. of Barcelona, and his wife, Maria.
They had two sons as follows:
1. Sancho III., the Desired, King of Castile
(1157-1158). He married Blanche,
who died in 1158, daughter of Garcia
V. of Navarre. They had a son,
Afonso, as follows:
14. Ferdinand II, King of Leon, 1157-1188.
In 1160 he married (1) Urraca of Portugal, daughter
of Alfonso I., King of Portugal and Maud of Savoy. See the ancestral
lineage of the Kings of Portugal elsewhere in Volume I.
They were divorced in 1175 and Urraca died in 1176. They had
a son as follows:
1. Alfonso IX. See below.
Ferdinand II. married (2) Teresa of Lara,
who died in 1180. From this marriage they had a son, Sancho,
who died in 1217.
15. Alfonso IX, King of Leon, was born
in 1166 and died in 1230. He reigned from 1188 to 1230. He married
(1) Teresa, daughter of Sancho I. of Portugal, divorced in 1198.
He married before 1190 (2) his cousin, Berengaria,
Queen of Castile, 1217-1217, daughter
of Alfonso VIII., King of Castile, 1158-1214, and his wife, Eleanor,
sister of King John of England, and daughter of King Henry II.,
King of England, and his wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine.
The elder Alfonso VIII., Berengaria's
father, King of Castile, was son of the Sancho III., King of Castile,
1157-1158, son of Alfonso-Raimund VII. the Emperor, above.
Both Alfonso IX and Berengaria were
descendants of Roderigo Diaz, El Cid (Lord), the legendary warrior
of Spain. Berengaria and Alfonso had
the following children:
1. Ferdinand III See below.
married (2) John (Jean) of Brienne,
Emperor of Constantinople, died in 1237, son
of Erard II., Count of Brienne, and his wife, Agnes.
See the continuation and the ancestral lineage elsewhere in this
section of Volume I.
3. Alfonso of Molina, died in 1272.
16. Ferdinand III (St. Ferdinand), was born
in 1191, in whose favor his mother abdicated the throne of Castile
in 1217. At his father's death twelve years later he became the
King of Leon. Thus he was the King of Castile and Leon. In the
following years, until his death, Ferdinand greatly strengthened
the Christian influence in Spain, reducing the Moorish nation
to little more than a vassal state. He reunited Castile and Leon,
pushed the Catholic frontier to Granada, conquered Cordoba 1236,
Jaen 1246, made Seville his capital in 1248, the great mosque
his cathedral, the Alcazar his residence. He married (1) Beatrice,
died in 1234, daughter of Emperor Philip of Swabia. He married
(2) Joanna (Jeanne) Dammartin,
who died in 1278, daughter of Simon
de Dammartin, Count of Aumale and Ponthieu, and his wife, Marie,
Countess of Ponthieu. Joanna was descended from Charlemagne through
the Counts of Ponthieu. See this lineage elsewhere in Vol. I.
Beatrice and Ferdinand III. had two sons as follows:
17. Eleanor of Castile, married in 1254
King of England. She died in 1290.
See continuation of this lineage elsewhere
in Volume I. in the Kings of England
Ref: Previte-Orton, "The Shorter Cambridge
Medieval History, Vol. II., The Twelfth Century to the Renaissance",
which contains many detailed genealogical charts.
Ref: Tierney and Painter, "Western
Europe in the Middle Ages (300-1475)"
Another line among the Kings of Spain is as
1. Sancho Garcia, King of Navarre (905-926).
He was the father of Garcia Sanchez.
2. Garcia Sanchez, King of Navarre (926-970).
He was the father of Sancho Abarca.
3. Sancho Abarca, King of Navarre (970-994).
He was the father of Garcia Sanchez II.
4. Garcia Sanchez II, King of Navarre
(994-1000). He was the father of Sancho the Great.
5. Sancho the Great, King of Castile,
Navarre, and Aragon (1000-1035), married Nunia of Castile. They
had three sons, to whom the kingdom was divided, as follows:
1. Ferdinand I, King of Castile (1035-1065).
See this lineage above.
2. Garcia Sanchez III, King of Navarre (1035-1054).
3. Ramiro (Ramirez) I, King of Aragon (1035-1063),
married Gisberge (Gisberga) of Bigorre.
They had a son, Sancho Ramirez, King of Aragon, 1063-1094, and
King of Navarre, 1076-1091. He had three sons: Pedro I., King
of Aragon and Navarre (1094-1104); Afonso I., the Warrior, King
of Aragon and Navarre (1104-1134), married and divorced in 1114
(2) Urraca, Queen of Castile, who died in 1134; and Ramiro II.,
King of Aragon and Navarre, 1134-1137 (abdicated in 1137), died
in 1147. The daughter of this youngest son, Ramiro II. the Monk,
was Petronilla, who died in 1172, Queen of Aragon and Navarre
(1137-1162), who married Raymond Berengar IV, Count of Barcelona
(1131-1162), who died in 1162. Their son was Alfonso II., King
of Aragon and Navarre (1162-1196), and his son was Pedro II.,
King of Aragon and Navarre (1196-1213). This line descends to
Ferdinand V. (II.), the Catholic (1479-1516), who ruled with Queen
Isabel I, the Catholic (1474-1504), and thence to the modern King,
Juan Carlos. See elsewhere for the ancestral line to Raymond
Berenger, Count of Provence.
6. Garcia Sanchez, King of Navarre (1035-1054).
He was the father of Sancho V.
7. Sancho V, King of Navarre (1054-1076).
He was the father of Ramiro.
He was the father of Garcia Ramirez IV. The succession of kings
of Navarre was broken here, but it was reestablished in the next
9. Garcia Ramirez IV, King of Navarre
10. Sancho VII, King of Navarre (1150-1194).
He was father of the following son and daughter:
1. Sancho VIII. the Strong, King of Navarre
2. Blanche (Blanca) of Navarre, married Thibaut
III. (Teobaldo III.), Count of Champagne. See below.
11. Blanche (Blanca) of Navarre, married
Thibaut (Teobaldo) III,
Count of Champagne. They had a son, Thibaut I.
12. Thibaut (Teobaldo) I, King of Navarre
(1234-1253), married Margaret (Marguerite) of Bourbon. They had the following