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Vol II File 8: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
11. Bohun Line (Earls of Hereford and Essex)
Ref: Burke, pg. 57.
Ref: Wurts, pg. 51-56.
Ref: Cokayne, Vol. VI, pg. 457-474.
1. Humphrey (Honfroi) de Bohun I is said
to have been a kinsman and a companion in arms of William the
Conqueror. He was styled as "Humphrey with the Beard."
He was in possession of the lordship of Taterford in Norfolk.
This family originated from Bohon in the arrondissement of St.
Lo in the Cotentin, Normandy, where there still exists St. Andre
and St. Georges de Bohon. The mound of the old castle is still
visible. Humphrey is reported in the chronicles of Wace as the
companion of the Conqueror at Senlac. He is reputed to have been
a near kinsman of Duke William, but how or in what degree is unknown.
The fact remains that the witnesses to the Benedictine priory
at St George's in 1092, were all members of King William's immediate
family or branches thereof. Humphrey was married three times,
the names of his wives being unknown.
He died prior to 1113, leaving three sons as follows:
1. Robert de Bohun, who died unmarried.
2. Richard de Meri, sire de Bohun, 1070
to 1113, whose daughter and heir carried his Norman barony to
Engeler and Angevin. From him descended also in the female line
the Bohuns of Midhurst in Sussex.
3. Humphrey II See below. From him there
was a long line of nobility, as from him descended the Earls of
Hereford, Sussex, and Northampton, the former of whom were hereditary
constables of England. Marriage through the female lines were
made with Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of King
Edware III., and with Henry Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt,
Duke of Lancaster, and subsequently King Henry IV (Crispin &
Macary, "Falaise Rolls").
2. Humphrey de Bohun II., the Great succeeded
his father as lord of Taterford. By order of King William Rufus
he married Maud of Evereux,
daughter of Edward de Evereux (de Saresbury),
progenitor of the ancient Earls of Salisbury, through which marriage
he acquired large estates in Wiltshire. He was Sheriff of Wiltshire
and Bearer of the Royal Standard in 1120 in the battle of Benneville
in Normandy. Humphrey and his wife had the following children: