Ref: Wurts, pp. 106-109.
Ref: Burke, pp. 386-388.
The Mowbrays, Dukes of Norfolk, were from
an ancient period a great baronial family, and made succession
of fortunate alliances. The royal match of John Mowbray, Lord
Mowbray, with Elizabeth Segrave, whose mother was Margaret, Countess
of Norfolk, daughter and heir of Thomas, Earl of Norfolk, son
of Edward I., may be considered the first step from the baronial
rank. King Richard II., constituted Thomas, son of the great
alliance, Earl Marshal in 1386, when his grandmother, Margaret,
was also advanced to be Duchess of Norfolk. The duke, preparing
in 1398 to fight a duel with Henry, Duke of Hereford, afterwards
King Henry IV., was banished and died in exile the next year.
The family was restored and continued for four generations down
to Anne, the infant daughter and heiress of John, 4th duke, whom
King Edward IV., married, as a child, to his 2nd son, Richard,
Duke of York, then a young boy, and he made a settlement of the
title and estate upon him and his heirs. She died immediately
afterwards, in 1478, but the Duke of York continued in possession
till he was murdered with his brother, King Edward V., by his
uncle, Richard, on June 20, 1483. All Edward's plans for seizing
the Mowbray property being thus terminated, and Richard III.,
wishing to secure vigorous allies, the succession to the estates
were allowed to open to the Berkeleys and Howards, the heirs of
the daughters of the duke. who died in exile in 1400, eighty-three
years before, and King Richard,, on the 3rd day of his reign,
June 28, 1483, created William Berkeley, Viscount Berkeley, Earl
of Nottingham, and John Howard, Lord Howard (who had been raised
to be a baron by his brother, Edward), at once Duke of Norfolk
and Marshal of England (Burke, pg. 386).
The family was founded originally by Nigil
de Albini (See details of the Albini (Aubigny) Line elsewhere
in Volume II.)
This feudal lord died at an advanced age, and was buried with is ancestor, in the abbey at Bec, in Normandy. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Roger.
Nigil de Mowbray died in 1191, and was succeeded by his eldest son, William.
William died about 1223 at his castle in the Isle of Axholme, and was buried in the abbey of Newburgh in Yorkshire. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Nigel.
He died in 1298, and was succeeded by his eldest son, John.
Katherine Nevil, daughter of Ralph Nevil, Earl of Westmoreland (who subsequently married Thomas Strangways, Esq., and after his decease, John Beaumont, Viscount Beaumont, and lastly John Widvile, Knight), and dying in 1432, was succeeded by his son, John, 3rd Duke of Norfolk.
See the continuation of this line elsewhere in the Berkeley Line.