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Vol II File 21: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
31. Newburgh Line (Earls of Warwick)
32. Plantaganet Line, Edmund Crouchback (First Earl of Lancaster) to Eleanor Plantaganet, wife of Richard Fitz Alan
1. Henry de Newburgh (so called from
the castle of that name in Normandy)was the first who bore the
title of Earl of Warwick, after the Norman Conquest. He was born
in 1046, a younger son of Roger de
Bellomont, Earl of Mellent. When this
person obtained the earldom is not exactly ascertained, but Sir
William Dugdale presumes the period to be towards the close of
the Conqueror's reign, "for then," he says, "King
William having begirt Warwick with a mighty ditch, for the precinct
of its walls, and erected the gates at his own charge, did promote
this Henry to the earldom, and annexed thereto the royalty of
the borough, which at that time belonged to the crown."
But, though Henry de Newburgh was made Earl of Warwick by the
first Norman sovereign, he was not invested with all the lands
attached to the earldom until the ensuing reign, as we find William
Rufus, soon after his accession to the throne, conferring upon
him the whole inheritance of Turchil de Warwick, a Saxon, who,
at the coming of Duke William, had the reputation of earl. The
name of this Henry appears as a witness to the charter of King
Henry I., whereby that prince confirmed the laws of Edward the
Confessor, and granted many other immunities to the clergy and
laity. He married Margaret of Moreton (Perche), daughter
of Geoffrey, Count de Moreton (Perche), and sister of Rotrode,
Earl of Perche, and they had two daughters
and five sons as follows:
1. Daughter 1, name not available.
2. Daughter 2, name not available.
3. Roger de Newburgh, successor. See below.
4. Henry de Newburgh. No more details.
5. Geoffrey de Newburgh. No more details.
5. Rotrode de Newburgh, Bishop of Eureux.
6. Robert de Newburgh, seneschal and Justice
of Normandy. This Robert was a great benefactor to the abbey
of Bec, in which he was afterwards shorn a monk, and died in 1123.
This Earl Henry commenced imparking Wedgenock,
near his castle of Warwick, following the example of his sovereign,
King Henry, who made the first park that had ever been in England,
at Woodstock. He died in 1123, and was succeeded by his eldest
2. Roger de Newburgh., 2nd Earl of Warwick,
in the contest between Empress Maud and King Stephen, espoused
the cause of the former, but he is much more known for his munificent
grants to the church than his martial deeds. He married before
1130 Gundred Warren,
daughter of William de Warren, Earl
of Warren and Surrey. and they had
the following children:
3. Waleran de Newburgh, 4th Earl of Warwick.
This nobleman, Dugdale says, "had much ado a great part
of his time touching his inheritance; there starting up one who
feigned himself to be his brother, Earl William, deceased in the
Holy Land, which occasioned him no little trouble and vexation;
so it is thought by some, that the grant which he made to Hubert,
Archbishop of Canterbury, then chancellor of England, of the advowson
of all the prebendaries belonging to the collegiate church, in
Warwick, to hold during his life, was to purchase his favor in
that weighty matter." He married (1) Margery Bohun, daughter
of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford. They had the following
1. Henry de Newburgh, his successor, 5th
Earl of Warwick, was a minor at his father's decease, committed
to the guardianship of Thomas Basset, of Hedenson, who accordingly
had livery of his lands, with the castle in Warwick. He attained
majority in the 15th year of King John, and, although that monarch
had, during his minority, taken away his inheritance of Gower,
in Wales, and bestowed it upon William de Braose, he, nevertheless,
adhered to the royal cause in all the subsequent conflicts between
the crown and the barons, in the reigns of King John and his son,
Henry III. He married (1) Margery D'Oyly, elder daughter and
co-heir of Henry D'Oyly, of Hocknorton, co. Oxford, by whom he
1. Thomas de Newburgh, his successor, 6th
Earl of Warwick, married Ela Longespee, daughter of William Longespee,
Earl of Salisbury, but he d.s.p., in 1242, and the earldom and
the great inheritance devolved upon his sister, Lady Margery Newburgh,
then wife of John Mareschal, who assumed the title of Earl of
Warwick, but as he died the following year, 1243, s.p., the countess
married, by special appointment of the king, John de Plessetis,
an eminent Norman, who came to England in the beginning of the
reign of King Henry III., and achieved a high reputation in the
Welsh wars. In the 28th year of the same reign this John was
made constable of the Tower of London, but not by the title of
Earl of Warwick, nor does it appear that he acquired that designation
for some time after his union with the heiress of Warwick. He
eventually assumed it, however, under a clause in a fine levied
in the 31st year of King Henry III., whereby William Mauduit,
and Alice, his wife. did, as much as in them lay, confer the earldom
upon him for life, so that if he outlived the countess, his wife,
he should not be forced to lay it aside. In the ensuing August,
the King, granting to him license to fell oaks in the forest of
Dene, styles him Earl of Warwick, and thenceforth he bore the
dignity. He appears to have been one of the first favorites of
King Henry III., and to have enjoyed every honor and every privilege
that monarch could confer. At the commencement of the troubles
between Henry and the barons the earl was appointed sheriff of
the cos. of Warwick and Leicester, but he lived not witness the
issue of those conflicts, for, falling sick in the beginning of
the month of February, 1263, he died before its expiration. He
left issue by his first wife, but none by the Countess of Warwick.
Lady Warwick survived her husband but a short time, when the
Earl of Warwick, and the great inheritance of the Newburghs, reverted
to the son of her aunt, Lady Alice Mauduit, her cousin, William
2. Margery Newburgh, married (1) John Mareschal,
and (2) John de Plessetis, both of whom, in her right, assumed
the Earldom of Warwick.
Henry married (2) Philippa Basset, one of
the three daughters and heirs of his guardian, Thomas Basset,
of Herendon, but had no issue. This countess, outliving him,
paid 100 marks to King Henry III., that she not be compelled to
marry again, but that she might select her own husband, provided
he were a loyal subject. She afterwards married Richard Siward,
a turbulent person, but of a martial disposition from his youth,
who took an active part with the barons. From this boisterous
soldier she was, however, eventually divorced. Henry, 5th Earl
of Warwick, was succeeded at his decease in 1299, by his son,
2. Waleran de Newburgh, who had the manors
of Gretham and Cotismore, co. Rutland, d.s.p.
3. Gundred Newburgh, became a nun at Pinley.
Waleran de Newburgh married (2) Alice Harcourt, daughter
of John(?) de Harcourt, and widow of John de Limesi. See elsewhere
for the Harcourt Line in Volume II..
They had an only daughter, Alice.
See below. The Earl died in 1205, and was succeeded by his eldest
4. Alice Newburgh married William Mauduit feudal
lord of Hanslape. See Burke, pg. 399. He was the great grandson
of William Mauduit, chamberlain to King Henry I., by Maud , daughter
and heiress of Michael de Hanslape.
They had the following children: