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Vol III File 5: The Paternal Ancestry of Homer Beers James
6. Pennock Line
Reference: "The National Cyclopedia
of American Biography"
Reference: "American Encyclopedia
of Quakers (Philadelphia)"
1. Christopher Pennock, born in 1649 in Ireland,
parentage unknown, moved to London, England in 1681 and purchased
1000 acres of land in vicinity of London, England. He married
(1) Dorothy Harwood, who died in 1671. There were three unidentified
children. He married before 1674 in Tipperary, Ireland, (2) Mary Elizabeth Collett, daughter
of George Collett, a large landowner, possessing over 5,000 acres,
which was later given to Christopher (2,000) and the balance of
3,000 to his grandsons, Joseph and Nathaniel.
Mary Collett was born in 1651 also in Ireland. Christopher was
living in Cork, Ireland in 1664. They came to America about 1684
and settled in Chester County, PA. This family was members of
the Society of Friends (Quakers). They had two sons as follows:
2. Joseph Pennock, Senior, also a native
of Ireland, born November 18, 1677, in or near Clonmell, Ireland.
He married March 3, 1705 in West Marlborough Township, Chester
County, PA. Mary Levis,
daughter of Samuel Levis, and his wife,
Elizabeth Clator, daughter of William Clator, born about 1629.
Elizabeth Clator was born in 1655 in Elton, co. Nottingham, England.
She was married to Samuel Levis on March 4, 1680. Samuel Levis
was born July 30, 1649 in Harby, co. Leicester, England, died
in March, 1734, in Pennsylvania. He was the son of Christopher
Levis, born in Beetson, co. Nottingham, England, on September
20, 1621, and died in December 1677, son of Richard Levis, born
in 1586. Samuel Levis' mother was Mary Nede, born also in Beetson,
co. Nottingham, in 1624. The records
of the ancestors of Mary Levis were obtained from the LDS Family
History Library in Flagstaff, AZ. She was born August 9, 1685
in Delaware County, PA. She died November 2, 1747, in Springfield,
Chester County, PA. Joseph inherited over 5,000 acres, his father's
acreage and that of his maternal grandfather, George Collett.
He removed to Marborough Township and built "Primitive Hall"
on a plantation of 1250 acres. Each of Joseph Pennock's children
were given 500 acres at the time of their marriages. They had
the following children:
1. Elizabeth Pennock, born March 23, 1703,
married April 11, 1737, Edward Tatnall, born 1704. They had five
children: Mary, Ann, Joseph, Elizabeth, and Sarah.
2. Samuel Pennock, born February 26, 1705,
died about October 8, 1754, married May 29, 1737, Elizabeth Widdifield,
born about 1705. They had four children: Joseph, John, Mary, and
3. William Pennock, born May 11, 1707, in
Philadelphia, PA. He married July 26, 1739, Alice Mendenhall.
His share from his father of 500 acres was located near Kennett
Square Park, where he built a home that was still standing in
1938, four miles from "Primitive Hall, near Londongrove,
PA. His children were all born there. They had two sons as follows:
1. Joseph Pennock
2. Caleb Pennock
4. Mary Pennock, born April 25, 1709, in Chester
5. John Pennock, born in 1711.
6. Nathaniel Pennock, born October 15, 1712,
died in June 1774, married April 22, 1738, Jane Pusey, born October
20, 1719, in London Grove, Chester County, PA. He later married
7. Joseph Pennock, Junior., born September 15, 1715.
8. Phebe Pennock, born in 1717.
9. Anne Pennock, born June 6, 1718, in Chester
10. Sarah Pennock, born September 24, 1720,
in Springfield, Chester Co., PA., died July 27, 1786. She married
September 16, 1748, Humphrey Marshall, born October 10, 17 22,
West Bradford, Chester County, PA.
11. Hannah Pennock, born December 24, 1722,
died July 17, 1779, married December 11, 1753, Jacob Marshall,
born April 26, 1720, West Bradford, Chester County, PA.
12. Levis Pennock, born November 31, 1725,
died April 2, 1817, married December 11, 1753, Ruth Marshall,
born July 29, 1735.
13. Susanna Pennock, born January 28, 1728,
in Chester County, PA., married Isaac Evans, born about 1728.
3. Joseph Pennock, Junior, born September
15, 1715, died November 24, 1800, member of the Chesterfield Monthly
Meeting, was given a certification to marry in 1761, married Sarah Taylor, born August 11, 1725, died
November 22, 1775, daughter of Joseph
Taylor and his wife, Mary Maris. The
LDS Ancestral Records show the marriage date as March 18, 1743.
It also shows that he married (2) Phebe Mendenhall. born May 2,
1724, in Chester, PA., died before April 30, 1818, daughter
of Moses Mendenhall and his wife, Alice Pyle.
It was her second marriage, also, having been married to Adam
Kirk, on September 14, 1744. The family were all members of the
Society of Friends and are recorded in the Monthly Meetings in
the Philadelphia area. Joseph and Sarah, according to one record,
had a son and a daughter as follows:
1. George Pennock, born in 1762, member of
the Chester Monthly Meeting in 1783, married (1) Mary Liddon;
(2) Sarah ______. Their only son was Abraham.
1. Abraham Liddon Pennock, Sr., was born in
Philadelphia, PA August 7, 1786. For thirty years he resided in
that city, engaged in business, first as a dry goods merchant,
the firm being Pennock & Robbins, and afterwards in the wire
business of the firm of Sellers and Pennock. Here he was the originator
of the riveted hose, the superiority of which over the sewed method
enabled the firm to bring it into universal use, and caused the
United States government to enter its contract with them for the
making of all mail bags used in its service. In 1840 he retired
from business and moved to Haverford Township. Subsequently he
undertook the care of a number of estates. In the fall of 1845
he moved to Upper Darby Township, where he remained until his
death on May 12, 1868. He was preeminently a man who had the courage
of his convictions. When slavery was advocated in the South, as
a "divine institution," and apologized for in the North,
he would neither use the products of slave labor nor allow his
family to do so, preferring at greater expense and trouble to
procure goods elsewhere. His entire life was exemplified with
high ideals, and he was "ever ready to aid the temperance
cause with purse or pen." He erected at his own expense a
Temperance Inn for the accommodation of travelers, in order to
forestall the building of one already begun where liquors were
to be sold. The poet John Greenleaf Whittier wrote of him:
"He was my friend and councilor in
the dark and troubled times of 1838-39 and 40, a man of antique
heroism, against whom the bitterest enemies of freedom could find
nothing to urge. I think he came near to my ideal of a true Christian
gentleman than any one else I ever knew."
He was a zealous advocate of abolitionism,
active in the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, and made his
country home an underground station for runaway slaves. At the
Darby Meeting of the Society of Friends, on May 24, 1810, he received
certification to marry, doing so on June 7, 1810, to Elizabeth
Sellers, daughter of John and Mary (Coleman) Sellers, of Philadelphia.
She was born August 26, 1791, in Philadelphia, and died June 18,
1870. They had nine children as follows:
2. Jane Pennock.
The LDS Ancestral Record shows a different
set of children for Joseph and Sarah, as follows:
1. Jesse Pennock, born July 5, 1745, in Chester
2. Joseph Pennock, born August 7, 1750, in
Chester Co., PA.
3. Jacob Pennock, born February 9, 1753, in
Chester Co., PA.
4. Isaac Pennock, born January 16, 1767, in
New Garden, Chester Co., PA.
4. Jane Pennock,
reported to be born in 1794 in Virginia (records of Walter James).
[Note: This birthplace seems inconsistent with the fact that the
Pennock family was firmly established in Eastern Pennsylvania.
coupled with the discrepancy in the list of children above. This
needs more research]. She was married three times. The first marriage
was to Evan McBride,
son of Stephen McBride, who served
in the Revolutionary War. From the
first marriage, there were several children, including Hanna McBride, who married Thomas James. Jane Pennock married (2)
Joshua Lynch in 1842, and (3) John Chambers, born July 18, 1794,
died March 30, 1885. Jane (Pennock) McBride died August 12, 1892,
aged 98 years at the home of her grandson, Walter James at Springdale,
IA. The fact that she was known personally to Walter James, who
provided Pennock ancestral lineage makes the conflict in data
more puzzling. See continuation of this lineage in the McBride
and James Line