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Portrait Exhibition 1912
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The following is extracted from the:

   Kings County Historical Society Magazine
   Special 245th Anniversary of the Gov. Nicholls
   Patent Number, containing Cat-
   alogue of the Portrait Exhibit

   Published by the Society as the Material
   is Available


Kings County Historical Society Magazine

October 1912

of the
Exhibition of Portraiture as a Fine Art

Held under the direction of the


and collected and arranged by the

Mr. EDWIN P. CLARK, Chairman

"There are psychological portraits in which every trait is sub­
ordinated to moral expression; there are mundane portraits which are
clear and expressive, but less profound than graceful; there are port­
raits expressive without familiarity, individual and vivid, but general­
ized in careful regard to form."                DAVID DE LA GAMME.



1     Gerrit Kouwenhoven's gift to his bride, Maria Bergen, Dec. 16th, 1805.
                   Loaned by Mrs. John H. Ditmas.
2     John Kouwenhoven, born 1781.
                   Loaned by Miss M. W. Kouwenhoven.
3     Virginia Walker Giles, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
4     Maria J. (Lee) Weart, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
5     Isabella (Weart) Giles, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
6     John Christie Giles, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
7     John Christie Giles, Jr., painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
8     Mary Annie (Giles) Gilbert, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
9     Charles Henry Giles, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
10    Marion Scott Findlay, painted by Deroche of Paris, France.
                   Loaned by Stephen W. Giles.
11    Peter De Baum, painted about 1836.

12    A Daguerreotype miniature, 1843.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Cornelius Ditmars.
13    A French miniature.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Holmes V. B. Ditmas.
14    Mrs. Siddons, copied from Gainsborough. .
                   Loaned by Mrs. Andrew Ditmas.
15    Photographic miniature on celluloid of Mrs. Johannes H. Lott.
                   Loaned by Andrew Ditmas.
16    Mrs. Marion Berry Turtle.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Alonzo Richard Ditmas.
17    A Hair Portrait on Ivory, picturing the tomb of the great-great­
      grandfather of Mrs. Farnum and Mrs. Henry Clay Ditmas.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Elizabeth Wright Farnum.
18    An Ivory miniature.

20}    Porcelain miniatures.
21}                Loaned by Dr. Harry C. Green.



Painted Portrait

25    A portrait of George Washington, said to be by Gilbert Stuart;
      in 1795-6, Gilbert Stuart painted three portraits from life,
      one of which he rubbed out as it did not please him. From
      the unfinished portrait which hangs in the Boston Museum,
      he painted no less than twenty-six copies, making slight
      changes and alterations. A different poise of the head is
      shown in this example.
                  Loaned through C. W. Gramm.
26    Rubins' Portrait of himself copied by Prof. Caracci of the Art
     School in Florence.
                  Loaned by Joseph Duke Harrison.
27    A water color portrait of Mary Brownjohn, wife of Hon.
     Hendricks 1. Lott, copied from the original by Mrs. Joseph
     Duke Harrison.
28    A water color sketch of Mary Holmes, wife of Albert N. Van
      Brunt, made about 1815.


29    A water color sketch of John Holmes of Holmdel, Monmouth
      Co., N. J., made same time as above.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Andrew Ditmas.
30    A portrait painted on glass of Her Royal Highness, the Princess
                  Loaned by Miss Ryme J. Ryder.
31    An oil portrait of Samuel Boughton.
                   Loaned by Daniel M. Tredwell.
32    Portrait in Oil.
33    Portrait in Oil.
34    Portrait in Oil.
35    Portrait in Water Color, French.
36    Portrait in Water Color, French.
                   Loaned by Dr. Harry C. Green.
37    Mary Brownjohn.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Anna Bergen.



The art of the engraver results in disseminating the work of the
portrait painter by multiplying the copies. These secondary copies,
however, are of all degrees of faithfulness, from very excellent to
very poor, and are sometimes purposely modified by the engraver,
and, of course, generally lack the effect of color as in only a few
cases are they printed in color. The result is attained by the use of

I.  Metallic plates, of which the surface has been modified either by

  A. Line engraving, cutting grooves by special tools.
  B. Etching, cutting by acids, the surface having first been
     covered with a soft coating of wax or similar material, on
     which the engraver exercises his skill. Stipple is a variety
     of this process, points only being used.
  C. Mezzotint, in which a roughened surface holding ink and
     printing black is smoothed down for the lighter effects.

II. Wood blocks, in which the lights are cut away and the block
    printed from directly, like type.

III. Lithograph in stones, a form .of etching using stone instead
     of metallic plates.


40-70 A collection of engraved portraits of Charles Cornwallis,
      second Earl and first Marquis Cornwallis, showing the
      results attained by contemporary effort before the invention
      of photography to depict the personal appearance of a
      prominent public man at various times throughout his life.
                   Loaned by Edwin P. Clark. (See page 24.)
      Mezzotints and engravings (steel).
                   Loaned by Miss Emma Toedteberg.
71    Queen Elizabeth, R. Houston, fecit.
72    William A. Conway, engraved by W. Say.
73    Lord Byron, Phillipsport, engraved by E. Lupton, 1824.
74    Mrs. Oldfield, Richardson pinx. Edward Fisher, fecit.
75    Lady O'Neill as Juliet.
76    Mrs. Abington J. Reynolds, painter, engraved by S. W. Reynolds.
77    John Philip Kemble, Lawrence, engraved by C. Turner, 1825.
78    In steel, Mrs. Jordan-Romney, engraved by John Ogsborne, 1788.
79    Napoleon-Gerard-engraved by Richomme, 1835.
                  Etchings, etc., loaned by D. M. Tredwel1.
80    M. Alfred Saucede-Leon Bonnat, pinx, and Edward Yon, Sc.
81    The Blue Boy Thomas Gainsborough, R. A. Paul Rajen, Sc.
82    M. Grevey, President De L. Republicque, L. Bonnat, pinx, Ad. Lalange, Sc.
83    L. Infante Isabelle Claire Eugenie Fille.
84    De Phillippe II-Alonzo Sanchez Coello, pinx, Louis Lucas, Sc.
85    Monseigneur De Segur-Claude Ferdinand Gallarll, pinx, E. Burney, Sc.
86    D'Une Jeune Feimme Hans Holbein, pinx, Emile Burland, Sc.
87    Anna Lea Merritt Pinit et aqua forte 1880.
88    Henry W. Longfellow, by Wm. M. Chase.
89    De M. F. Pelpel peints per Jules Lifebure, (Photogravure by Goupil & Co.)
Photogravures and engravings loaned by the Photogravure &
Color Company of New York.
90    Copper Plate engraving, Louis XIV, Roy de France et de
     Navarre. C. te Frebure Pinxit.
      N. Ritan Sculpsit 1670, cum privil regis.
91    Photogravure bust of Darwin.
92    Photogravure Henry N. Leipzigh, photo by Falk.


93    Photogravure of Rembrant Van Ryn from a painting.
94    Phillips Brooks from a photograph taken in his library. Rh. G.
95    Bishop Henry C. Potter framed, has a copy of steel engraved border.
96    Jefferson Davis from a Brady Carte de Visite.
97    General Robert E. Lee, from a Brady Carte de Visite.
98    Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, from a Brady Carte de Visite with background etched in by hand.
99    George Washington, from Stuart's portrait with unfinished portions filled in.
100   Portrait of a "Brooklyn Gentleman," who for many years was an ornament to our Bench.
101   Memories, photo by Davis & Santford, made by single impres­
      sion without photogravure plate, the color being stippled
      into the plate by the finger of the printer who must be an
      artist as well to get the proper effects. This is the most
      expensive method of printing.
102   Madame La Marquise De Marigny De Merrias, Belle Soeur De
     Madame De Pompadour. Same process as No. 12.
                   Loaned by John H. Van Siden.
103   Adrian Bergen engraved by H. B. Hall & Sons.
104   Horner L. Bartlett, M.D., engraved by A. H. Fitchie.
105   George Washington's photo engraved in a certificate reproduced
     from a two dollar bill.
Book plate portrait engravings of the 17th and 18th centuries,
exhibited by George T. Hammond.
106   James I, King of England. (Line engraving by George Vertue, London, 1684-1756.)
107   The Duke of Buckingham.
108   Charles I, King of England.
109   Charles II, King of England. (Engraved by John Romney, London, 1786-1863.)
110   "Stuart, Duke of Richmond"
      (Engraved by Jacob Houbraken, Amsterdam, 1698-1780).
111   Sir Hugh Myddelton, by Corns. Jansen, 1632.
112   Sir Henry Tirrell, 1582, by E. B. Gulston.
113   Jeffery Hudson, 1641.
114   Col. Thomas Blood, by G. Scott.
115   Lodovick Muggleton.


116   William Cartwright.
117   Dr. Giles Everard.



121   Miss Isabelle Burr.
122   Miss Sarah Burr.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Marshall E. Stewart.
123   Peter Van Dyke.
124   John R. Van Siclen.
125   Mrs. Samuel L. Ryder.
                  Loaned by John H. Van Siclen.
126   Peter De Baun.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Cornelius Ditmars.
127   A Portrait.
128   Another Portrait.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Schenck.
129   A Little Girl.
                   Loaned by Mrs. A. Ditmas.


Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes

  Louis Jacques Maude Daguerre born at Cormeilles, France, in
1789. Died July 10th, 1851. Was a scene painter in Paris. About
1814 was interested by Nicephori Niejci in photographing pictures
on metal. In 1829 agreed to work their ideas out together. In 1833
Niejci died and shortly afterwards Daguerre perfected the process
that bears his name. It consisted in sensitizing a silver plate with
the vapor of iodine, and then placing it in a camera obscura pre­
viously focussed, and afterwards developing the picture by a vapour
of mercury and fixing it in hypo sulphate of sodium.
  Ambrotypes were invented after Daguerreotypes had been out a
few years. It consisted of taking a picture on glass which, when
backed with black paper, gave the appearance of being a positive.


Loaned by Stephen W. Giles.

131   Stephen Weart Giles and grandmother.
132   Maria J. (Lee) Weart.
133   Harriet (Weart) Entlors.
134   Isabella Giles Andrews.
135   Mary (Weart) Andrews.
136   Mary Annie (Thorn) Giles.
137   Rosetta (Plane) Walker.
138   Rebecka Gilbert.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Stephen W. Giles.
139   Miss Betsy Dill, later Mrs. Elizabeth Clark.
                   Loaned by Mrs. J. A. Ker.
140   Mr. and Mrs. Dowah Westervelt.
141   Mrs. Mary North and her daughter Jane. Mr. North was killed
     in the War of 1812.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Cornelius Ditmars.
142   Mr. J. A. Van Houten and family, taken in 1852 in California.
143   Mother and Baby, 1844.
144   Mrs. J. A. Van Houten, 1845.
145   Great Grandfather Doremus at the age of 90.
146   Peter De Baun Starr, 1860.
                   Loaned by Charles A. Ditmas.
147   Cornelia Ditmas Van Nuyse, wife J. Holmes Van Brunt.
148   Jane Bergen Lott, wife Charles Burr Ditmas.
149   Rev. Jeremiah H. Lord.
150   Mrs. Jeremiah H. Lord.
151   Peter De Baun.
152   Mrs. Cornelia De Baun.
153   Andrew Ditmas and his mother, and one of Mr. Ditmas alone.
154   Charles V. B. Lord.
155   An unknown clergyman.
156   William Haight.
                   Loaned by Frank M. Raynor.
157.  Mrs. Masterson.
158   Mrs. Hiram Raynor.
159   Mr. Hiram Raynor.


160   Mrs. Harriet R. Swift.
161   Mr. Joseph R. Swift.
162   Mrs. Hiram M. Raynor.
163   Mr. Hiram M. Raynor.
164   Family group taken in 1845.
165   Hiram M. Raynor in uniform, time of the Civil War.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Susanna Davies.
166   Miss Susanna and Miss Adrianna DeBevoise.
167   Thomas R. Davies while a student at Erasmus Hall.
                  Loaned by Miss Ryme J. Ryder.
168   Daguerreotype Locket of Ryme Lott.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Chas. W. Gramm.
169   James Rowe, late editor N. Y. Herald and Hester Lewis, his wife. Hand painted case.
170   Frank Davis. Mother of Pearl case.
171   Portrait of a Lady. Mother of Pearl case.
172   Ann Lewis Ecford. Mother of Pearl case.
173   A portrait. Mother of Pearl case.
174   An old time beauty.
175   Ann Ecford Davis. Finely carved Mother of Pearl case.
176   Richard Borden.
177   Catherine Williams Borden.
178   Albert Richard Borden.
                   Loaned by Daniel M. Tredwell.
179   Daniel M. Tredwell as a young man.
                   Loaned by Edwin P. Clark.
180   James Frothingham.
181   Miss Josephine Roof.
182   An unknown lady.
                   Loaned by John H. Van Siclen.
183   Jacob Van Siclen.
184   James C. Van Siclen in the uniform of the Kings County Troop.
      Father of Mr. Van Siclen.
185   Mrs. Rebecca M. Van Siclen about 3 years old.
186   Mrs. Rebecca M. Van Siclen and Mrs. Jane A. Doxsey, when children.
187   W. S. Tyndal.


                   Loaned by Stephen W. Giles.

191   John C. Giles.
192   Stephen Weart.
193   Stephen Weart Giles.
                  Loaned by Frank M.Raynor.
194   Mrs. Elizabeth Summers Raynor.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Susanna Davies.
195   Susanna and Adrianna DeBevoise, twin daughters of Charles I.
      and Jane Lefferts Rapelyea DeBevoise, taken in 1850, while
      attending the Old Bushwick Dutch Reformed Church and school
      in charge of Rev. Stephen H. Meeker (master for 50 years).
196   Miss Susanna and Adrianna DeBevoise in 1860.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Andrew Ditmas.
197   Family Group-John Holmes Van Brunt and Cornelia Ditmas
      Van Nuyse, his wife, and Albert Holmes Van Brunt and
      Margaret Ditmars Van Brunt, now Mrs. Andrew Ditmas, their children.


Cartes De Visite.

  Cartes de Visite were introduced by Disderi in 1854. The name
as applied to photography designated the pictures as the size of a
visiting card. Brady of Civil War fame and Otto Sarony were among
the producers of them.

201-220 A collection of 20 Carte de Visites, containing portraits of
        Judge Ingraham.
        Judge Van Brunt.
        Rev. Dr. Lord.
        Johannes Van Nuyse.
        Dominie Davie.
        Albert N. Van Brunt.
        Dominie Curry.
        Mr. Van Kuren, and many others, including several artistic
        gems such as Evangeline, showing the early uses to which
        photography was put as a means of transmitting art.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Andrew Ditmas.


221-226 A collection of five Carte-de-Visites, taken in 1851-1853-1855.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Cornelius Ditmars.
227-231 A collection of four Carte-de-Visites.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Elizabeth Wright Farnum.
232-235 A collection of three Carte-de- Visites.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Bentley H. Stevenson.
236 Mr. and Mrs. Henry Ovington, from miniatures.
                  Loaned by Mrs. Marshall E. Stewart.




241   A bas-relief portrait of Rt. Hon. William E. Gladstone.
                  Loaned by Edwin P. Clark.
242   Wax bas-relief portrait of Mr. Raynor's grandfather.
                  Loaned by Mr. Frank M. Raynor.
243   Plaster bust of Hon. John A. Lott, by Baerer.
                  Loaned by Mr. Daniel M. Tredwel1.




246   A china cup with portrait of Mr. Raynor's grandfather baked
     in on one side.
                  Loaned by Frank M. Raynor.
247   A Cornwallis Bowl.
                  Loaned by Edwin P. Clark.
248   Tile bust of Henry Ward Beecher.
                  Loaned by Daniel M. Tredwell.
249   A Dutch Scent Bottle with a miniature.
                   Loaned by Mrs. Bentley H. Stevenson.
250   A Portrait of Rubin on a placque.
251   A Portrait of Jenny Lind on a vase.
252   A Portrait of Washington on a plate.


253   A Portrait of Longfellow on a plate.
254   A Will of the Wisp plate.


Fine Art Photography

256-268 A collection of 12 examples of Fine Art Photography.
                   Loaned by Otto Sarony Company, of New York and Brooklyn.



269   A collection of portraits on medals of Washington, Jefferson,
      Franklin, Lafayette, Lincoln, Grant, O. H. Perry, M. C.
      Perry, and others.
                   Loaned by Edwin P. Clark.
270   A small collection of coins all portrait pieces loaned by several
     persons to ilustrate the art of Portraiture as' applied to coins.


271-281 The Lumiere Color-Photography Process.
          After many years of labor and research the practical art of
        taking pictures in natural colors by chemical process was invented
        by Messrs. A. and L. Lumiere, sons of the veteran photographic
        manufacturer, M. Antoine Lumiere of Lyons, France. Their auto­
        chreme plates were put upon the American market in 1907, since
        which date they have been much improved and simplified. Like the
        Daguerreotype, only one picture can be made at a time. Thus the
        original negative is by chemical action converted into a positive
        or finished picture.
          The principle is that a glass plate is coated with starch grains
        not larger than 0.0005 of an inch of three colors, namely, red, orange
        green and blue violet. Over this a panchromatic sensitive emulsion
        is applied in the usual way. The plate is loaded in the plate holder in
        absolute darkness and the picture taken in the usual way, except that
        a light filter of amber color is placed over the lens. After the picture
        is taken it is developed, washed, the image is reversed from negative
        to positive, redeveloped, washed again, fixed and washed, dried and
        finally varnished and mounted.

          The results are pictures of wonderful beauty. We see a scene
        of local color which is pleasing to the naked eye, how much more
        lovely is that scene, with all its color condensed to a panel 5 by 7 inches.
          The collection of color photographs are loaned by the Lumiere
        Jougla Company, of 75 Fifth Avenue, New York, and contains examples
        of portraiture and landscape work.
          All subjects under this classification will be marked K.


        A collection of difficult reproductions loaned by Charles J.
        Dampf, of 146 Montague Street, Brooklyn.