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EDMUND THOMAS WINGO

BRIGADIER GENERAL MO STATE GUARD, CSA

Compiled by Larry Wingo, Yukon, OK, June 10, 1993



Edmund Thomas Wingo was born December 23, 1818, in Amelia County, VA the son of John Wingo, Jr. and Mary (Polly) Hutchings/Wingo. Edmund had additional brothers and sisters including Gibbon C. Wingo, John G. Wingo, Samuel B. Wingo, Martha F. Wingo and Mary H. Wingo.

Edmund's parents separated. They parted in peace, with his father John dying in 1827, according to court records. In 1828 Mary Wingo and her six children moved to Washington County, MO, Belvew settlement, where she and her brother Charles Hutchings rented a plantation. Mary and her children moved in 1830 to Madison Co., MO where she died of bilious fever on August 8, 1830 leaving her six children under the care of their uncle.

In 1837, Edmund went to Montgomery County, TN to live with his uncle John Hutchings. The following year he returned to his birthplace in VA to live with his uncle, William Green, who had married a Hutchings.

In 1844, Edmund graduated from William & Mary College of VA and then moved to Liberty, Bedford County, VA. He married Sarah Stull, who was born in VA, and moved to Washington County, MO with his wife and nine Negroes in 1850. In 1857 Edmund, being a criminal lawyer, moved his family to Salem, Dent County, MO.

At the outbreak of the Civil War in MO, Edmund formed a militia unit which was called out several times for what turned out to be false alarms; however, these men would feel the sting of battle soon enough.

In June, 1861, these men became known as the 7th Brigade of the MO State Guard, also know as McBride's Brigade, which was comprised of two regiments of infantry and one of mounted rifles. The first was under the command of Colonel Edmund Thomas Wingo and identified as Wingoe's Regiment and numbered about 300 men.

On about August 5, 1861, Wingoe's Regiment joined General Price's army and camped at Wilson's Creek (Oak Hill) with the Federal Army under General Lyon and Sigel in Springfield, MO about 10 miles away. On the night of August 9, 1861, orders were received to be ready to march toward Springfield at a moments notice. It was very cloudy and dark and had been raining intermittently; however, in the early morning hours of August 10, 1861, before the Confederate Army could move on Springfield, it was attacked by General Lyon's artillery who fired first. Wingoe's Regiment formed up quickly and took up a position along the Arkansas road and moved on the Federal Troops which were about one-fourth mile away up a steep ridge.

As Colonel Wingo was placing his men, he was shot from the saddle, being wounded through the leg and bleeding heavily. He took off a red silk scarf from his neck, which he often wore so his men could recognize him through the smoke of battle and ran it through the wound to make a tight tourniquet so he would not bleed to death.

Being severely wounded, he relinquished his command to his adjutant Colonel W. O. Coleman, who carried on the command of the regiment for about six hours, repulsing six different charges by the Federal Troops and eventually routing them and killing General Lyon. Their heroic stand had held the key position to the battlefield according to General Price.

The Battle of Wilson's Creek has subsequently been called the Gettysburg of the West with 1,317 Federal casualties of which 258 were killed outright, and 1,336 Confederate casualties of which 281 were killed.

Colonel Wingo survived his wound and again took command of his regiment which participated in the battle of Lexington, MO that lasted nine bloody days with the Federals surrendering on September 20, 1861.

Colonel Wingo continued to serve the Confederacy throughout the war and was promoted to Brigadier General before his discharge 1861.

After the Civil War, Edmund Thomas Wingo returned to his law practice and was elected as a MO representative in the years 1882-86 and established the Colonel Edmund Thomas Wingo Camp of United Confederate Veterans #745, Salem, Dent County, MO.

Edmund's wife, Sarah Stull, died on April 14, 1886 and he remarried Lucinda E. Wheeling the same year. Edmund had two known son: Jacob W. Wingo.