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Henry was born circa 1676 in Newport, Rhode Island. He was later baptized as an adult on June 10, 1693 in Boston, Massachusetts at the Old North Church when he joined the church. About 1695, Henry married Mary Rice. Her ancestry is unknown. On August 22, 1697, Mrs. Mary Dyer of Newport was baptized at Christ Church in Bristol, Rhode Island and taken into full communion. On April 5, 1723, Mary, wife of Henry Dyer, joined the Second Church of Lebanon (Columbia) by letter from the First Church of Bristol, from which she was dismissed with Mary Sullard May 24, 1722. Mary died in Boston before May 12, 1726 on which date Henry married secondly, Hannah Adams. There were no children by this marriage. Hannah, daughter of Capt. John & Hannah (Webb) Adams and widow of Samuel Holbrook, Jr., was born June 24, 1685 at Braintree, Massachusetts.

Henry and his first wife Mary were of Newport, and they were at Hebron, Connecticut by July 5, 1715 and Lebanon, Connecticut by June 28, 1718. On December 18, 1726 Henry was dismissed from the Columbia Church in Lebanon to the New South Church in Boston, and on April 24, 1732 he sold all of his land in Lebanon to his brother Barrett Dyer of Boston. From 1732-40 he kept the almshouse at Boston, and his wife did so after his death.

In March 1715, Henry Dyer, cordwainer, gave mortgage bond to Thomas Walrand, both of Newport. On February 1, 1715/16 the mortgage was discharged. On July 6, 1715, William Whiting, John Eliot, Joseph Bradford and Henry Dyer, grantees of native rights from Uncas Owinaco, and Joshua, sold to Joseph Dewey of Hebron, land where Dewey's house stands. On February 4, 1718, these same four, Henry Dyer being "of Hebron North Society", sold land in Hebron, the house where Dyer was dwelling being mentioned in the boundaries.

On June 28, 1718, an agreement about division of tract between Lebanon and the Mile and a Quarter, made by John Sprague, Josiah Dewey and William Clarke, all of Lebanon, one party, and Col. William Whiting of Hartford, John Eliot of Windsor, Joseph Bradford of New London and Henry Dyer of Lebanon, other party. This same agreement is found also in the Hebron Deeds, except that in them Henry Dyer is called "assignee of Samuel Whiting".

On December 1, 1718 Henry Dyer and wife Mary of Lebanon North Society loaned to Edward Hutchinson and Barrett Dyer, both of Boston, about 300 acres because they had bound themselves with Henry to pay 150 to Samuel Phillips of Boston by December 1, 1719. This must have been paid, because Henry retained the land. July 17, 1719, Henry Dyer of Lebanon Village, cordwainer, sold to Samuel Wright. July 28, 1719, Henry Dyer of Lebanon Village to Samuel Whiting of Windham land "partly in Lebanon, partly in Hebron", except the farm, about 150 acres where Dyer dwells, and the 100 acres already sold to Samuel Wright. Same date Samuel Whiting to Henry Dyer about 150 acres joining Dyer's farm on the north.

During 1718 and 1719 the four, sometimes called "The Mason Party" sold a great deal of land, mostly in Hebron. Another party consisting of William and Samuel Whiting and Joseph Bradford, sold a much smaller amount. Henry Dyer was the only one of them all who lived there himself.

On June 24, 1724 Henry Dyer joined the Columbia Church by letter from Old North Church, Boston, from which he was dismissed June 5, 1724. On December 18, 1726, Henry Dyer was dismissed from the Columbia Church to New South Church of Boston. On April 24, 1732, Henry Dyer of Boston, cordwainer, sold to Barrett Dyer of Boston "all my tract of land in Lebanon and Hebron", about 195 acres.

Henry died sometime before August 31, 1742 when his estate was administered. Hannah Dyer, widow, was appointed administratrix of his estate. The inventory taken October 26, 1742. The bond was signed by Hannah, Barrett Dyer and Samuel Adams (Hannah's brother).

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See lineage of Dyer Family

Read the Biography of Henry's great, great grandfather, John Dyer

Read the Biography of Henry's great grandfather, William Dyer

Read the Biography of Henry's grandfather, William Dyer

Read the Biography of Henry's father, Samuel Dyer

Read the Biography of Henry's famous Grandmother, Mary Barrett Dyer

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