Subject: 30 JUL 1760 Colonel Montgomery Resent-Date: Sun, 21 Jun 1998 12:26:13 -0700 (PDT) Resent-From: SCROOTS-L@rootsweb.com Date: Sun, 21 Jun 1998 15:25:42 -0400 From: "Steven J. Coker"
Organization: http://members.tripod.com/~SCROOTS To: SCROOTS-L@rootsweb.com Wednesday the 30th Day of July 1760. "... A Message from the Lieutenant Governor by Mr. Bassnett. Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen, According to my Promise in my Answer to your Address relating to the continuance of His Majesty's Troops in this Province for our better protection, I wrote a Letter to the Honorable Colonel Montgomery, a Copy whereof I herewith send you, and that you may be fully acquainted with the Result of my Application, I communicate to you the following Answer from Colonel Montgomery to my desire, which was expressed in two Alternatives, to the latter of which you see he has virtually consented as far as he safely could consistently with his Orders, by delaying his Embarkation, to give the longer Time for the arrival of the Advice Boat which was to bring an Answer from General Amherst to my Letter of the 29th of May last, representing the dangerous Situation of this Province on account of the Murders committed in the Upper Creeks. Colonel Montgomery's Words are as follows, vizt. "As I have always been convinced that you have done every thing in your power to carry on the Service and as you have upon all Occasions, shewn an Inclination to give me all the Assistance, I could expect from you, you may be assured that it would give me a particular pleasure to do any thing in my power at your request. Besides it is my duty & inclination to contribute to the protection of His Majesty's Subjects of this Province as far as is consistent with the Orders which I have received. Our Horses are worn out, & not able to crawl, some fresh ones must be got, and the others have a little Time to recruit before I can think of proceeding from this Place. Our List of Sick has increas'd considerably, our wounded much distressed with a long March, & indeed the Detachment worn out with fatigue, so that an half of some Days is indispensably necessary, and of consequence we cannot get down the Country to embark before the 8th or 10th of August; before that Time you will certainly receive an Answer to your Letter of the 13th of June to General Amherst, and if his Excellency upon your Representation, is pleased to order me to continue with the Detachment in South Carolina, his Commands shall be chearfully obey'd. Tho' it is my opinion that the Troops can be of no Service till the Heats are over, & as that is the Case, rather than continue idle here, I shall certainly proceed to the Northward, if no alteration is made in the Instructions, with which the General has been pleased to honor me. I have carried General Amherst's Commands into Execution by going into the Cherokee Country and acting offensively against those Indians. The Frontier of this Province, by that means has been considerably extended & of consequence less exposed than formerly. I cannot help or prevent the fears of the People, but there is no Indian Settlement within 160 Miles of Ninety Six, and if they cannot be guarded against at that distance, one should imagine that People would be safe no where; for tho' they may send Scouts, they cannot be very numerous, and as a March of that kind must be fatiguing even to Indians, those Scouts cannot probably be frequent. But indeed I have no Orders to continue in this Province till Peace shall be made with the Cherokees; on the contrary I am directed not to garrison any frontier Fort, and am expressly commanded not to remain in the Country for any offensive Operation. Now, Sir, as it was the General's Intention that we should leave the Province after correcting the Cherokees for the Outrages which they had committed, tho' they shou'd continue in a State of War, I certainly cannot take upon me to remain in the Province upon a Supposition that a Creek War may happen. I am not at liberty as an Officer to judge of Dangers to which the Province may be possibly exposed in the course of Time, even tho' there was a probability that the danger was not very distant, while I continue in the Province if it should be attack'd by a Body of French I should certainly think it my duty to remain and defend it to the best of my Power, notwithstanding any Orders I may have received to leave it. But I cannot conceive that my Conduct would be approved of, if I should continue here upon a supposition that such an Attack may possibly be made. You seem to wish that we had continued a little longer at Fort Prince George, it was impossible. We could not have left a sufficient quantity of Provisions for the Garrison, and our Horses were not able to go to Ninety Six for a fresh Supply. And if we had delayed our March, we should not have been able to bring either our Baggage, Sick or Provisions down the Country. But I really do not apprehend that our staying at this Fort would have been of any use to the Province; I should have thought it necessary, if the Indians had attempted to come near our Camp, but not a Man of them appeared during the two Days we remained there. And the Day their Scouts intended to harass our March, our Camp was but eleven Miles from Echoé by a short Road which they had to come over the Mountains. After our flanking Parties had fallen in with them in the Morning, we made frequent Halts and only march'd about 12 Miles that they might have time to look at us, and they might be convinced that we held them in Contempt. From these Circumstances I fancy you need be under no Apprehensions that they will either say or believe that we were forced from their Mountains, if they did, their Report would not be believed by their Neighbours, as their Loss is too considerable to be concealed from them; Some of their chief People fell upon this last Occasion, for we have great Reason to believe that the young Warrior of Estatoé and the Man-killer of Nukassee are killed." Thus far is Colonel Montgomery's Answer, which, tho' it is long, as it is particular & full I chuse to give in his own Words. 29th July 1760. William Bull. And then the Messenger withdrew. And Mr. Speaker read the Message to the House. Read also a Copy of the Lieutenant Governor's Letter to Colonel Montgomery dated the 12th July 1760. And then the House adjourned till to-morrow Morning, Ten of the Clock...." Source: The Colonial Records of South Carolina The Journal of the Commons House of Assembly October 6, 1757-January 24, 1761 Terry W. 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