Subject: Ramsay's History, pp 13-14 Resent-Date: Tue, 21 Jul 1998 21:44:22 -0700 (PDT) Resent-From: SCROOTS-L@rootsweb.com Date: Wed, 22 Jul 1998 00:43:24 -0400 From: "Steven J. Coker"
Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Organization: http://members.tripod.com/~SCROOTS To: SCROOTS-L@rootsweb.com [...continued] RAMSAY'S HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT IN 1670 TO THE YEAR 1808. by David Ramsay, M.D. Preface dated "Charleston, December 31st, 1808" Published in 1858, by W.J. Duffie, Newberry, S.C. Reprinted in 1959, by the The Reprint Company, Spartanburg, S.C. Volume I, CHAPTER I, pp 13-14 CIVIL HISTORY OF SOUTH CAROLINA. CHAPTER I. Population. -=-=-=-=-=-= If comparisons among the different nations which have contributed to the population of Carolina were proper, it might be added that the Scotch and Dutch were the most useful emigrants. They both brought with them, and generally retained in an eminent degree, the virtues of industry and economy so peculiarly necessary in a new country. To the former, South Carolina is indebted for much of its early literature. A great proportion of its physicians, clergymen, lawyers, and schoolmasters, were from North Britain. The Scotch had also the address frequently to advance themselves by marriage. The instances of their increasing the property thus acquired, are many - of their dissipating it, very few. Emigrants from all countries on application readily obtained grants of land; either by private agreement from the proprietors, or from officers appointed by them, and acting under their instructions. The fees of office were not unreasonable. The price first fixed by the proprietors, was at the rate of £20 sterling for a thousand acres, and an annual quit-rent of one shilling for every hundred acres. When a warrant for taking up land was obtained, the person in whose favor it was granted had to choose where it should be located. It was then surveyed and marked. Plats and grants were also signed, recorded and delivered to the purchasers. This was the common mode of obtaining landed estates in Carolina, and the tenure was a freehold. They who could not advance the purchase money, obtained their lands on condition of their paying one penny annual rent for every acre. The first settlers, having the first choice of lands, had great advantages; and many of their descendants now enjoy large and valuable estates, purchased by their ancestors for inconsiderable sums. This mode of settlement by indiscriminate location, dispersed the inhabitants over the country without union or system. The settlers generally preferred the sea coast - the margins of rivers - and other fertile grounds; and gradually located themselves westwardly on the good land, leaving the bad untouched. For the first eighty years, they had advanced very little beyond an equal number of miles; but in the following fifty, they stretched to the Alleghany Mountains nearly three hundred miles from the ocean. While the people of New England extended their settlements exclusively by townships, presenting a compact front to the Indians, and co-extending the means of instruction in religion and learning with their population, South Carolina, in common with the other Southern provinces proceeding on the former plan, deprived her inhabitants of the many advantages connected with compact settlements. These evils are now done away; for, since the revolution, nearly all the vacant land in the State has been taken up. They who have been obliged to content themselves with the long neglected poor lands, have the consolation that what they lost one way is made up in another; for it is found, that the high and dry pine land is by far the most healthy. [END CHAPTER I] ==== SCROOTS Mailing List ==== Disclaimer: All emails come without guarantees or warranties, either expressed or implied. Similarities to reality are entirely coincidental. Send comments about the Forum to: Steven J. Coker, SCRoots Manager email@example.com P.O. Box 359, Charleston, SC 29402 http://members.tripod.com/~SCROOTS http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Ridge/9980 Like winter snow on summer lawn, time past is time gone.