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Subject: Huguenots of Abbeville
From: Steven J. Coker
Date: September 17, 1998

Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina
No. 5.  pp 76-78, Charleston, South Carolina,  1897.
Press of Walker, Evans & Cogswell Co.

THE HUGUENOTS OF ABBEVILLE, S. C. 

   During the persecutions of the Huguenots in France, which had continued
through the 18th century almost to its close, a colony arrived in South Carolina
in 1764. Two hundred and twelve persons succeeded in eluding the vigilance of
their pursuers, and arrived safely at Plymouth, England, from which point they
sailed for South Carolina in April of the same year, their place of
disembarcation being Charleston.
   They were there received with kindness and hospitality and accommodations
were soon furnished them at Beaufort, which they accepted as a healthy retreat
for the summer.  They returned to Charleston in October, having lost but one of
their members by death. A tract of land on Long Crane Creek, Abbeville County
was granted them, and they soon after removed to this spot, the expense of their
journey having been defrayed by public subscription. On their arrival at their
new home they gave it the name of New Bordeaux. Two ministers accompanied them,
the Reverends Jean Louis Gibert and Pierre Botilon, the names of the other
refugees being in part inserted in the Gaillard List. A total of 74 names became
unknown, and the holders thereof lost sight of, the Provinces from which they
came being not known for certain either, although it is believed they mostly
came from Guienne, one of the old Southern provinces of France. That a certain
number were from Bordeaux is likely from their having named their settlement
after that city.
   New Bordeaux was located at or near the junction of Long Cane Creek and
Little River, about three and one-half miles above the confluence of the latter
with the Savannah River, and five miles south-east of the village of Willington.
It is now designated as "Old French Town" on the County Map. Many names of the
immigrants are yet familiar in that neighborhood, as Gibert, Moragne, etc., and
thus indicate some of the descendants of the original settlers.

LIST OF THE NAMES OF THE ABBEVILLE SETTLEMENT.
Taken When They Were In Plymouth, England.

Martha Amanieu, John Anthony, John Audebert, John Ayureni, Philip Beard,
Nicholas Basson, Jacob Baylord, Cecille, Francis and Peter Bayle, children of
Maria Segral inserted below, Anthony Belau, John Peter Belier, John Bellfaye,
Anne Bellfaye, his daughter, John Bellot, his wife Lydia Gogul, their children,
Pierre Helie, John Arnant, Maria Magdaline and Judith Bellot, Annie Berard,
widow of Peter Beinayme, Elizabeth Beinayme, their daughter, John Béraud of
Canton, Mathew Béraud his brother Matthew, his wife, Elizabeth Gregorie, their
children Anne and Maria Béraud, Samuel Bollomas, Bartholemew Bonique, Corlas
Bordejau, his wife Francis Saqueboville, their children, John, Peter, Maria and
Jane Bordejeau, Joseph Bouchillon, Maria Majinnett, John Bouchillon, their son.
Charles Bouchonneau, Nicholas Bouchonneau, and Maria Bouchonneau, children of
Anne Courneau, inserted below, James Bouliton, his wife Margaret Teyssandieu,
Peter Bouliton, their son, Peter Bouliton or Botiton the pastor, Peter Boyer,
Anne Courneau, widow of Bouchouneau, John Carteau, Peter Charreau, John Baptist
d'Elauné, Maria de la Marre, their children, Maria, John Baptist, Anthony and
James d'Elaunné' John Dou, Daniel Due, John Dupuy, Mathew Festal, John Frésil,
his wife Maria Roujon, their children, Maria, Judith and Susan Frésil, Anthony
Gabeau, Peter Garineau, John Baptist Gautier, his wife, Susan Alexandre, their
children, Theodore and John Gautier, Theodore Gay, Jean Louis Gibert, the
pastor, his wife, Jane Boutiton, John Gout, Francis Gros, Andrew Guilhaven,
Abraham Jacob, his wife Susan Izabeau Jolly, their children Maria, Judith, and
Daniel Jacob, James Labrousse, his wife Jane Blanchet, their children, Etienne
and Maria Labrousse, John Lafaye, Jacob Langel, Peter Langel, James Langel, his
wife, Anne Allegné, their children, Dennis, Jacob, and Anne Langel, Anne
Latoure, and Susan Latoure, sisters, Elizabeth Levvant, Peter Livron, Peter
Moragne, Peter Nicolas, his wife, Elizabeth_____, Paul Nivrau, John Baptist
Petit, his wife, Jane Rodier, Peter Pierredon, Peter Nicolas, Piron, John
Priaud, John Priolet, Peter Regnier, his wife, Jane Bonneau, Julian Rivard, John
Roger, his wife, Anne L'espine, their children, Peter, Jeremiah, and Maria
Roger, Peter Rolland, Peter Roguemore, his wife, Jane Seguin, their children,
Maria, Anne, and Peter Roguemore, Susan Roguemore, widow, her daughter,
____Roguemore, Joseph Sabbé, Maria Seqral, widow of ____Bayle, mentioned above,
Peter Sudre, Anthony Tarrateau, Maria Tarrateau, widow of Gabeau, Etienne
Thomas, Maria Thomas, his sister, Francis Trouillai, James Vallard, Louis
Villaret, Amey William, etc.
   The Abbeville Colony attempted the rearing of the silk worm and the weaving
of its product into cloth. In this they were successful for a time, but
eventually abandoned the scheme. They were industrious and hard working like the
other Huguenot Colonists but their location was not particularly favorable for
agricultural profit, and an insurmountable difficulty of the time was the
transportation of their produce to a market.

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