|Diligent Passenger List||
Passenger List of the Diligent 1638
Ipswich, Suffolk England to Boston Harbor
from: The Planters of the Commonwealth
Charles E. Banks,
published by Houghton Mifflin Co. (1930),
Charles Banks' source for the 'Diligent' passenger is Daniel Cushing, 3rd and/or 4th Town Clerk of Hingham MA. Daniel Cushing was nineteen years old when the ship sailed, but close to sixty or more when he wrote out the list. Most of the wives are named only as "Mrs.", the children of some families are not listed and there are also some probable errors in the list. However, the list below is as it appears in Banks' book. Following the listing are some notes on many of the families from various sources (mainly George Lincoln's History of the Town of Hingham MA: The Genealogies unless noted otherwise) which name the wives and children and possibly make a correction or two to the list. The blue asterisks following some families names link to notes about them.
DILIGENT, of Ipswich, John Martin, Master. She sailed from Ipswich, Suffolk, in June and arrived August 10 at Boston, with about one hundred passengers, principally from Hingham, Norfolk, destined for Hingham, Massachusetts (other sources have that the Diligent sailed from Gravesend on 26 Apr 1638).
Rev. ROBERT PECK of Hingham, county Norfolk *
JOSEPH PECK of Hingham, county Norfolk *
EDWARD GILMAN of Hingham, county Norfolk *
Mrs. Mary Gilman
JOHN FOLSOM of Hingham, county Norfolk *
Mrs. Mary Folsom
Mrs. CHRISTIAN CHAMBERLAIN of Hingham, county Norfolk
HENRY CHAMBERLAIN of Hingham, county Norfolk *
STEPHEN GATES of Norwich, Norfolk *
Mrs. Anne Gates
GEORGE KNIGHTS of Barrow, Norfolk
THOMAS COOPER of Hingham, county Norfolk
FRANCIS JAMES of Hingham, county Norfolk *
Mrs. Elizabeth James
MATTHEW HAWKE of Cambridge, England *
Mrs. Margaret Hawke
MATTHEW CUSHING of Hingham, county Norfolk *
Mrs. Nazareth Cushing
JOHN TUFFS of Hingham, county Norfolk
ROBERT SKOULDING of Norwich, county Norfolk
JOHN FEARING of Cambridge, England *
PHILIP JAMES of Hingham, county Norfolk *
Mrs. Jane James
STEPHEN PAINE of Great Elllngham, Norfolk
Mrs. Rose Paine
JOHN SUTTON of Attleborough, Norfolk
Mrs. Elizabeth Sutton
John Sutton, Jr.
Mrs. JOAN LINCOLN *
STEPHEN LINCOLN of Wymondham, Norfolk *
Stephen Lincoln, Jr.
SAMUEL PACKER of Wymondham, Norfolk
Mrs. Elizabeth Packer
HENRY SMITH of Hempnall, Norfolk
Mrs. Judith Smith
BOZOUN ALLEN of King's Lynn, Norfolk
Mrs. Anne Allen
WILLIAM RIPLEY of Wymondham, Norfolk
THOMAS SUCKLIN of Hingham, Norfolk
RICHARD BAXTER of Hingham, Norfolk
WILLIAM PITTS of Hingham, Norfolk
EDWARD MITCHELL of Hingham, Norfolk
JAMES BUCK of Hingham, Norfolk
JOHN MORFIELD of Hingham, Norfolk
THOMAS LINCOLN of Hingham, Norfolk *
JEREMIAH MOORE of Wymondham, Norfolk
And about 20 servants
Robert, and and his brother Joseph Peck who was also on the Diligent, were sons of Robert and Helen (Babbs) Peck of Beccles, Suffolk ENG. Robert was born about 1587 at Beccles and became the rector of St. Andrew's parish in Hingham ENG on 6 Jan 1605. "Early in the seventeenth century the little town of Hingham, England, was torn by the same religious dissension which prevailed throughout the kingdom. Many Puritans were still within the Church of England, among them Robert Peck, Rector of Hingham. He headed a group which held prayer meeting in private houses, which was regarded with suspicion. Not only this, but, since the Reformation, he had dared to make drastic changes in the church itself. Removing the altar railing he lowered the chancel a foot below the church level. For these acts he was ordered to appear before the Chancellor's Court. Rather than risk the judgement of a prejudiced court he decided to take refuge in America as many others had done before him. Numbers of his parishioners decided to accompany him, some for religious reasons and others for the sake of adventure in a new field of opportunity." (from Constance Ames' The Story of the Gilmans & a Gilman Genealogy (1950).
He emigrated with his wife Anne (?Lawrence), daughter Anne and son Joseph. He ministered the church in Hingham MA for about three years but when the troubles in England ceased he returned to the rectorship at Hingham ENG in October 1641, his wife and son returning with him - daughter Anne remained in New England, the wife of Capt. John Mason - they had married in Jul 1639 and had seven children. Robert died in 1656 and was buried under the choir of St. Andrew's church.
Sources: World Family Tree CD Vol. 3, File #5677 which cites A Mason Record
Joseph was the brother of Rev. Robert Peck (above). He was the son of Robert and Helen (Babbs) Peck and was born 22 Apr 1587 at Beccles, Suffolk ENG. The Mrs. Peck listed in Banks' passenger list is his 2nd wife Deliverance ___. Although no children are included on this list, he emigrated with three sons, one daughter and five servants (The Pioneers of MA by Charles Henry Pope, 1981, p. 351). The children were probably all by his first wife Rebecca Clark who died 21 Oct 1637 in Hingham ENG. She was the sister of Edward Gilman's (below) wife Mary Clark. Joseph was the Town Clerk of Hingham (MA) until 1645 when he removed to Rehoboth MA where he died 22 Dec 1663.
As the family left Hingham in 1645 there is not a lot of detail about them in the History of Hingham. These children are listed in that book for Joseph Peck (though not which child was by which wife, and the author, George Lincoln, notes that a genealogy of the Peck family lists some different and/or additional sons):
Sources: WFT CD Vol.1, File #1142 - which has some conflicting info with History of Hingham, and for which clarification is sought. Did Joseph Peck have a daughter Rebecca (probably by his first wife)? Did Rebecca marry the Rev. Peter Hobart, and if so, as his first or second wife? Was the name of Peter Hobart's other wife Elizabeth or Rebecca Ibrook? History of Hingham doesn't give the name of Peter's first wife but lists his second wife as Rebecca Ibrook, daughter of Richard Ibrook. Other sources (unnamed) give her name as Elizabeth Ibrook and that she was Peter Hobart's first wife - the name of Peter's first daughter was also Elizabeth. If anyone has any corrections to make to the information given here about Joseph Peck and his children please write to the email address at the bottom of this page.
Edward emigrated with his wife Mary Clark, six children and three servants. Edward was born about 1587 in Hingham ENG, son of Edward Gilman born about 1557. Mary Clark was a daughter of John and Elizabeth Clark of Hingham ENG, and was born 1590. Only five children are listed under Edward in the passenger list because his eldest daughter Mary was by 1638 the wife of John Folsom (below). Other than daughters Lydia and Sarah, who married Daniel Cushing and John Leavitt respectively, much of the family did not reside long in Hingham MA and eventually settled around Exeter NH. Edward (Sr.) moved to Rehoboth, Bristol MA in 1643 and to Ipswich MA soonafter, where he was in 1647. After that to Exeter NH where he died on 22 Jun 1655. His widow Mary returned to Hingham MA to live with daughter Lydia and her husband Daniel Cushing. Mary died 22 Jun 1681 at Hingham (her sister Rebecca, who died in 1637, was the first wife of the Joseph Peck who was also on the Diligent).
Children of Edward and Mary (Clark) Gilman:
Sources: The Story of the Gilmans & a Gilman Genealogy - Constance Ames (1950)
John was born about 1614 in Hingham ENG and died 27 Dec 1681 at Exeter NH. His wife Mary was a daughter of Edward and Mary (Clark) Gilman. She was born about 1615 at Hingham ENG and died 1690 at Rockingham NH. They had seven children, all, except the first who was born in England, baptized in Hingham MA. The family resided in Hingham MA until 1659 when on 9 Jul 1659 John sold his estate to Daniel Cushing of Hingham (husband of Mary's sister Lydia) and the family moved to Exeter, Rockingham NH. Their children were:
Henry, with his wife and mother and two children (unnamed), came from Hingham, Norfolk ENG and resided for a time in Hingham but settled in Hull. Mrs. Christian Chamberlain, probably his mother, died at Hingham 19 Apr 1659. Henry died at Hull abt 1674.
Stephen emigrated with his wife Ann (___) and two daughters Elizabeth and Mary. The family moved to Cambridge in 1652 and the year after that to Lancaster, then back to Cambridge before 1662. Stephen died in Cambridge in 1662 (will made 9 Jun 1662, proved 7 Oct 1662). Ann married in 1663 to Richard Woodward and she died 5 Feb 1683 at Stow MA. Stephen and Ann had seven children, all but the first two were baptized in Hingham MA:
Francis was probably the brother of Philip James (below). Francis died on 27 Dec 1647 in Hingham MA, and his wife Elizabeth died 11 Apr 1660 in Hingham. They apparently had no children. Thomas Sucklin and Richard Baxter, also on the Diligent passenger list, came as servants of Francis and Elizabeth.
Source: "A New Look at the Family of Francis and Philip James of Hingham: Immigrant Ancestors" by Marya Myers and Donald W. James, Jr. in the January 1997 issue of the NEHGS Register.
Philip was probably the brother of Francis James (above). He was born about 1600-1605 in or near Hingham, Norfolk and died soon after arriving in MA. His widow Jane married George Russell on 14 Feb 1639/40, and she died 22 Feb 1688/89 in Hingham "age about 83 years" (Russell genealogist George Ely Russell gives her maiden name as Davenport
though I'm not sure of the original source). Diligent passengers William Pitts and Edward Mitchell came as servants of Philip and Jane. Though not named in the above list, the names of the four children of Philip and Jane were:
Sources: "A New Look at the Family of Francis and Philip James of Hingham: Immigrant Ancestors" by Marya Myers and Donald W. James, Jr. in the January 1997 issue of the NEHGS Register. Footnote no.39 in this article lists the following for more information about Sarah James and husband Robert Parker:
- The Mayflower Descendant, 11 (1909); 99-100
- "Robert Parker of Barnstable, Mass.," by Maclean W. McLean, NEHGS Register, 112 (1958), 113 (1959) and 114 (1960)
- Genealogist George Ely Russell - P.O. Box 505 - New Market, MD - 21774
Matthew Hawke was born about 1610 "of Cambridge England"; d. 11 Dec 1684 in Hingham. The name of his wife was Margaret (___), although Torrey in New England Marriages Prior to 1700 gives her maiden name as possibly "?Towle", and others have Nelson. John Fearing is frequently listed as having been in the employ of Matthew Hawke and coming with him on the Diligent. This is probably in error (see John Fearing). Matthew and Margaret had seven children, all baptized in Hingham:
Matthew, son of Peter and Susan (Hawes) Cushing, was baptized 2 Mar 1588/89 at Hardingham, Norfolk England; d. 30 Sep 1660 at Hingham MA. His wife Nazareth Pitcher, daughter of Henry Pitcher, was baptized 30 Oct 1586 at prob. Hardingham, Norfolk England and d. 6 Jan 1681/82 at Hingham MA. They married 5 Aug 1613 in Hingham, Norfolk England. Though not included in the passenger list above, Nazareth's sister, Frances Riecroft (a widow) accompanied Nazareth and Matthew on the voyage (according to James S. Cushing's 1905 Cushing genealogy), though she died within a couple weeks of arriving in MA. Matthew and Nazareth had five children, all born at Hingham in Norfolk:
Sources: Genealogy of the Cushing Family, an Account of the Descendants of Matthew Cushing Who Came to America in 1638 by James S. Cushing, 1905 and History of the Town of Hingham, Mass by George Lincoln.
He is listed by Daniel Cushing (and therefore in Charles Banks' book) as coming on the Diligent, and some genealogies record him as 'in the employ' of Matthew Hawke (both John Fearing and Matthew Hawke are listed as "of Cambridge England"). This information is in error. The Genealogical Dictionary of Early New England Settlers by James Savage says that "preparations had been made for him, perhaps by Grant of Land, as early as 1635" and in History of the Town of Hingham George Lincoln writes that land records show that John Fearing was among the first wave of emigrants to leave Old Hingham in 1635. John died 14 May 1665 in Hingham MA. He married Margaret (___) in 1642 in Hingham and she died 22 Dec 1690 in Roxbury MA - she married Robert Williams on 3 Nov 1675. John and Margaret had four children, all born in Hingham:
She was the mother of Stephen and Thomas Lincoln. The name of her husband is not known, nor is her maiden name. She died after Oct. 1658 for she is mentioned in her son Stephen's will.
He was the son of Mrs. Joan Lincoln and brother of Thomas Lincoln who were also on the Diligent. Stephen died 11 Oct 1658 in Hingham, his wife Elizabeth died (was buried on) 13 Jun 1642. They had two children:
He was the son of Mrs. Joan Lincoln and brother of Stephen Lincoln who were also on the Diligent. Thomas died 16 Aug 1692 in Hingham. He married Margaret Langer, dau. of Richard Langer, although the date and place of their marriage is not recorded in the George Lincoln book. Margaret died on 5 Mar 1693/94 in Hingham. In early Hingham there were four Thomas Lincolns and each is distinguished by his occupation. This Thomas was known as "Husbandman" and is so recorded in the early town records. The other Thomas Lincolns were known as "Cooper" - the father of the Benjamin Lincoln who married Sarah Fearing (see John Fearing above), "Weaver" - whose brother Samuel was the ancestor of Abraham Lincoln, and "Miller". Thomas "The Husbandman" and Margaret had eleven children, all born or baptized in Hingham:
© 2001 Scott & Kathryn Ives
07 Mar 2002