The SS Switzerland
Captain Hans Dirderik Boxrud was the Master for the Red Star Line SS Switzerland in May 1894. Dr. Edmond Yard Burrough was the physician and surgeon with 23 years experience under
the authority of the University of Penn. Built by Palmers, the ship carried 220 passengers. It was two masted steam,
launched 17 Jan 1874 for service from Antwerp to Philadelphia and weighing 2816 tons. Dimensions, 329 ft. x 39 ft., straight bow, one funnel and two masts.
Construction and propulsion, iron hull, single screw, 2 cylinder compound engine, service speed was 13 knots.
In 1905 it was sold to an Italian company and renamed Sansone. It was scrapped in 1909.
The SS Baumwall/Christiania 1890
2,811 gross tons, length 330.2 ft x beam 41 ft, one funnel, two masts, single screw, speed 11 knots. Accommodation for 10-1st and 620-3rd class passengers. Built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg,
she was launched for the Hansa Line on 28 August 1890 as the Baumwall. The first Master was Captain Heinrich Schuldt. The Surgeon was Dr. Rufolf Fabian. Her first voyage from Hamburg to Quebec and Montreal started on 23 May 1891,
and in March 1892 she was taken over by Hamburg America Line together with the rest of the Hansa Line Fleet. Renamed Christiania in 1895 she continued Hamburg-Montreal sailings.
On 6 April 1897 she started her first Stettin-New York sailing and commenced her seventh and last voyage on this route on 26 Sept. 1900. Between 30 April 1900 and 31 May 1901, she made four
Genoa-Naples-New York sailings and started her last Hamburg-New York voyage on 16 Oct 1907. In 1910 she was sold to Emil R. Retzlaff, Stettin and on 14 Feb 1913
was sunk in a collision off Borkum Island, Germany.
Ref: North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P. Bonsor, vol 1, p.399
Borkum Island is in north Germany in the North Sea.
Since 1945 Stettin, Germany is known as Szcecin, and is now part of Poland.
German Ship, name unknown
Ships like this also traveled the North Atlantic 1874-1897, from Hamburg, Germany to New York City, carrying 990
passengers, 90 first class, 100 second class and 800 third class. It also has one funnel and two masts and is similar
to the SS Switzerland & the SS Baumwall.
Solingen (zoh'-ling-en) History:
Solingen, a city in west central Germany, on the Wupper River, in the state
of North Rhine-Westphalia. Located 19km (12 mi) southeast of Düsseldorf, it
has been famous for cutlery since the 13th century. Other manufacturing includes chemicals and
petrochemicals. It manufactures surgical instruments, steel and iron products, and machine tools.
The city was chartered in 1374 and passed to the control of Prussia in 1815. Solingen was severely damaged during World War ll (1939-1945).
Population in 2009 was 161,366.
Early Germany History
Frederick William IV (1795-1861), king of Prussia (1840-61), attempted to unite German states
under Prussian rule. The son of Frederick William III, he was born in Berlin on 15 Oct 1795.
After suffering two paralytic strokes in 1857, Frederick William became mentally unfit to rule.
In 1858 a regency was established under his brother William, who, as William I, succeeded to the
throne when Frederick William died 2 Jan 1861.
William I, full name Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig (1797-1888), emperor of Germany (1871-88) and
king of Prussia (1861-88), reigned during the unification of Germany under the Prussian crown.
He was born 22 Mar 1797, in Berlin, the second son of Frederick William III of Prussia and his queen,
Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. William declared at his coronation, that he "ruled by favor of God,
and of no one else". Upon his death in Berlin on 9 Mar 1888, son Frederick William succeeded him as Frederick III.
William II (of Germany and Prussia), full name Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert (1859-1941),
emperor of Germany and king of Prussia (1888-1918), policies helped to bring about World War I.
William, also known as Kaiser Wilhelm, was born 27 Jan 1859, in Berlin and educated at the University of Bonn.
He was the son of Prince Frederick William, later German emperor as Frederick III, and Victoria Adelaide Mary
Louise, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria of Great Britain. In 1881, after a period of military service, he
married Augusta Victoria, princess of Schleswig-Holstein. He became emperor in 1888 upon the death of his
father, who had reigned for only three months. After the death of Augusta Victoria in 1921, he married Hermine,
the princess of Schönaich-Carolath.
He lived to see the resurgence of German armed power and after his death 4 June 1941,
was buried with military honors by order of Hitler.
ref: Microsoft Encarta 2000
A MUST READ:
History of Germany