"Gone to Georgia"
Jackson and Gwinnett Counties and their Neighbors
In the Western Migration
Compiled and with an introduction
ByWilliam C. Stewart
issued a marriage bond with Susanna, daughter of Catherine Lansford (or Lunceford)
of Pittsylvania County, Va. Spencer Reynolds also was a resident of Henry
County that year (Will Book 1, p. 43, estate of Thomas Garner). In 1782,
Bartlett, Jesse, George, Richard and Susannah Reynolds were on the Henry tax
list, while Spencer, John and Richard were polled in Pittsylvania County. But
by 1785, only Hugh and Joseph were on the Pittsylvania tax list, and Spencer was
again found in Henry County, signing a petition (resulting in the formation of
Franklin County the following year). David was dead in Henry County by Jan.
26, 1788 (Book 1, pps. 161, 181) and another David, probably a son, was
mentioned; Moses Reynolds was administrator. Archelaus Reynolds was dead by
Oct. 4, 1791 (!bid, p. 199) and at the sale of his estate, purchasers included
Bartemas, Jesse, Moses and another Archelaus Reynolds, and Abraham Penn, from
Amherst County. This probably indicates the latter Archelaus was related to,
or was the man of the same name who married in Amherst Sept. 9, 1797, Elizabeth
Rucker, with Obediah Reynolds as surety. Bartemus, 00010-10100-2, Millenton
20100-10100-0, John 20010-20010-0, John 00100-20100-0 and Archelaus Mc. Reynolds
20010-20010-0 all were enumerated in Pendleton District, S.C., in 1800 and
Bartemus was enumerated in Hall County, Ga., in 1820. In Pittsylvania County, where
William Reynolds died 1791, there were a number of marriages; Joseph wed Margaret
Davin, Aug. 21, 1780; Richard wed Nancy Grisham, March 2, 1785, etc.
Spencer and Harmon Runnalds were in Capt. Hagan's district in the 1785
Wilkes County, Ga., tax list, an area part of which became Taliaferro County;
and in Capt. McCain's district were Richard, Charles and another George Runnels, their
neighbors including a number of families later in Jackson County. Richard Reynolds
was granted Wilkes County land in 1784, and he died before Oct. 20, 1787, when
George Reed sold the tract. Richard's will was lost with Book DD; his heir
Hambleton Reynolds sold 178_, a small tract granted 1785 with George Reynolds'
improvements to Margaret, David Calhoun's widow. (The name Hamilton is found various-
ly, in Caswell County, N.C., cl790, and in the records of the Isle of Wight County,
Va., Reynolds family allied with the Nevilles). Thomas Reynolds was appointed
administrator of Richard's estate Feb. 14, 1793, with Spencer Reynolds as security,
but Thomas' accounts ran from Feb. 20, 1788, including payments directed by the
will to George, Joseph, Richard, Betsy, John, Benjamin and Spencer Reynolds and
Jacob Reiger or Reiser (perhaps same as Reasor, Reeser, Rasor, in Virginials
Valley and Culpepper County, Va.); in 1802, Dolly Reynolds and Thomas Matthews
(married Rachel Runnels Nov. 11, 1799, Wilkes County); Mary Reynolds; Matthew orphan
of Richard. Joseph Henderson was administrator in 1803. Sarah Ann Reynolds, sole
executrix of Richard's estate, was noted as dead by Thomas in 1793. Thomas was
appointed guardian of Matthew, and Joseph Henderson Jr. guardian of Richard,
both orphans of Richard Reynolds, Feb. 23, 1801. Several of Richard's sons,
including Spencer, were in the list drawn up in 1803 for a lottery, and much
other data may be found in the Wilkes County records.
One George Reynolds, with wife Mary, was granted land on Beaverdam (Richard
had land on Clark Creek) Aug. 2, 1785, which he subsequently sold to John
Smith. The George who appears to be son of Richard was dead by July 5, 1813,
leaving a will dated June 16, in which he mentioned his wife Rachel (he married
Rachel Johnson Nov. 4, 1809), and children Hamilton, Hugh, Betsy (Autry?), JanyReynolds and Phoebe Dickens. Joseph Henderson was executor. (A Reynolds Autry
married in Greene County, 1820). On Aug. 6, 1804, Henderson and Richard
Sappington were securities when George Runnals was appointed guardian of George
Washington Runnals, orphan of Phebe Runnals, evidently widow of an older Reynolds.
Some of the Reynoldses went to Jackson County, some remained in Wilkes
County (see Hagan's district 1785 above) and are found in Taliaferro County, cut
off 1825. James Reynolds, two men 18 to 45, and seven under 18, was in
Alford's District 608 in Taliaferro, in the 1827 militia list. One of the
younger men appears to have been Harmon Reynolds, who married Sarah Wynn Dec.
27, 1826, and was in Alford's district for the 1827 lottery. Richard Revnolds ofthat district was a Soldier in the War of 1812 and he, widow Susannah Reynolds
and William A. were listed in the 1832 lottery, as were James Sr. and Jr. in
the Gold lottery. William A. Runnels married Elizabeth Jarrell Dec. 31, 1837 in
Tallaferro. Matthew Reynolds married another Elizabeth Jarrell in Wilkes County,
Dec. 26, 1808, and Major Henderson stood by during one unfortunate occurrence
in the Jarrell family. (this name is confused with Jarrett; in John Callaway's
1819 Wilkes County will he refers to his daughter Betsy Jarrell, and his son
Isaac's land adjacent to George Jarrell or Jarrett in Madison County, Ga., where
George was enumerated 1820 as Jarrel--see Jarrett, No. 119 above).
In Jackson County, John Reynolds was on the first jury in January, 1797.
Harmon Reynolds in 1799 paid taxes on 920 acres originally granted to Joseph
Carson, in Capt. John Strong's company, which appears to have included some land at
least that was later in the part of Jackson cut off to Clarke County.
Nearby was Capt. Preston Reynolds' company and Capt. Joseph Reynolds' company
(Sandy Creek). In the 1805 lottery were the names of Joseph and Thomas Reynolds,
and the orphans Aaron and Moses. Only the younger John Runnels was enumerated
In Jackson in 1820; In Clarke County were William Runnalds and Grinsberry Reynolds;
in Walton County, Thomas; in Gwinnett County, Gailand or Gallant (No. 624),
and Jemima (No. 625); and numerous others over the state. In 1827, William H.
was in Clarke County, Thomas in Hall County, George W. in Henry County; David's
orphans in Washington County; and William Sr. and Jr. in Miller's district,
Jackson County, among various others over the state. William Runnels Sr. drew
Carroll County land granted Nov. 17, 1830. The origin of Preston and Harmon
Reynolds has not been traced by the compiler; the names have a sound of old
Botetourt, Montgomery, Tazewell Counties, Va., and the nearness of Harmon and
Spencer in 1785 Wilkes County would argue some connection with Henry County,
Va. The numerous Revolutionary pension applications by members of the Reynolds
family have not been consulted, might shed some light. One William Reynolds
left a will in Jackson County.
Copied from Special Publication of the National Genealogical Society, Number 30 (975.8 S852g) pp125 and 126; scanned and OCR, jkcoffee, 3/25/98