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Gippsland Time Line


Steps in Time: A Gippsland Time Line to 1899

This time-line is copyright, and was originally based on
"Steps in Time: A Gippsland Chronology to 1899"
by Linda Barraclough and Debra Squires.

It has now been extensively expanded by Dr Walter Savige of Camberwell.
The additions by Brian Askew and others are also acknowledged.

It is posted for private study only.


Before time began to be recorded, the Ganai-Kurnai peoples occupied Gippsland.

1536

The Dauphine Map is drawn by French cartographers, based on Portuguese charts. When this map is realigned it shows a section of the Gippsland coast around Point Hicks.

1606

1 May: de Quiros discovers "Australia del Espiritu Santo".

1616

25 Oct: Dirk Hartog lands on Dirk Hartog Island, off Shark Bay, WA.

1642

24 Nov: Abel Tasman discovers Van Diemens Land. Then sails to New Zealand, around the northern coast of New Guinea and around the northern coast of Australia.

1699

6 Aug: William Dampier lands at Shark Bay.

1770

27 Mar: Cook completes circumnavigation of New Zealand.

20 Apr: Lt Hicks sights the Gippsland coast from Cook's Endeavour.

1776

unk: American War of Independence starts. As a result England is no longer able to use America as a penal colony.

1788

Jan: First Fleet arrives in Botany Bay.

1793

unk: Captain Hunter claims, on tidal observations, that Bass Strait must exist.

1795

Sep: George Bass and Matthew Flinders arrive in NSW on the Reliance.

26 Oct: Bass and Flinders in Tom Thumb I to Botany Bay.

1796

25 Mar: Bass, Flinders and Martin to Illewarra area in Tom Thumb II.

Nov: Sydney Cove leaves Calcutta.

1797

Feb: Sydney Cove runs ashore on Preservation Island. A long boat is sent to Port Jackson for help, but is wrecked about 20 miles west of Lakes Entrance. Three survivors walk along the coast to Port Jackson.

Oct: Fourteen convicts steal a boat from Port Jackson to look for the Sydney Cove. Seven are later found by Bass on one of the Glennie Islands near Wilsons Promontory.

3 Dec: Bass leaves Sydney in a whaleboat with a crew of eight.

21 Dec: Bass lands at Wingham Inlet.

31 Dec: Bass leaves Wingham Inlet.

1798

2 Jan: Bass discovers Wilsons Promontory

5 Jan: Bass in Western Port Bay.

18 Jan. Bass leaves Western Port Bay.

Jan: Report in Sydney that the convicts who stole the boat there in Oct 1797 had sailed to the Western side of Wilsons Promontory and returned.

25 Feb: Bass arrives back in Port Jackson.

Feb: Flinders sails aboard the Francis in an attempt to rescue the crew and cargo from the Sydney Cove.

7 Oct: Bass and Flinders set out to verify Bass Strait in the Norfolk Accompanied by the Nautilus, a sealing ship.

1799

7 Jan: Bass and Flinders complete circumnavigation of Van Diemens Land.

1800

By this time all of the Victorian coastline apart from Port Phillip Bay is known.

Dec: Grant sails the Lady Nelson from west to east in Bass Strait.

1801

21 Mar: The Lady Nelson enters Western Port Bay to survey. Sealing established soon afterwards.

Dec: The Lady Nelson returns to Western Port under the command of Murray.

unk: Frenchman Nicholas Baudin explores the southern shoreline of Australia.

1802

Jan: The Lady Nelson leaves Western Port bay.

2 Feb: Port Phillip Bay discovered by Murray, who takes possession of it in the name of King George.

26 Apr: Flinders in Port Phillip

Apr: Two boats from the French ships Le Geographie and Le Naturalise spend eight days in Western Port Bay.

1803

Jan: Grimes surveys Port Phillip Bay and shore party walks across to Western Port Bay from about the Dromana area.

5 Feb: George Bass sails from Sydney and is not heard from again.

Oct: Collins settlement of free settlers at Sorrento established on Port Phillip Bay to forestall the French. It lasts four months.

Dec: A party from the Collins settlement walks across to Western Port Bay.

1804

unk: Robbins and Oxley visit Western Port to assess its suitability for settlement. Report unfavourable.

unk: Convict settlement founded at Hobart.

1810

14 Aug: Angus McMillan born at Glenbrittle on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.

1813

May: Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson cross the Blue Mountains.

1814

19 Jul: Matthew Flinders dies in England.

1815

18 Jun: Battle of Waterloo.

1816

unk: William Hovell shipwrecked aboard Brothers in Kent Group.

1822 (approx)

Sealing headquarters established on Preservation Island by James Munro.

1823

mid: The Monaro discovered by Currie and Ovens.

1824

Feb: James Macfarlane arrives in Sydney aged 28 years

unk: Hume and Hovel pioneer the overland route from Sydney to Port Phillip. The discovery of good land is not publicised.

1826

Nov: The French ship Astrolabe, under d'Urville, spends a week in Western Port Bay. Sainson paints Phillip Island sealers.

9 Nov: The Dragon and Fly leave Sydney for Western Port to establish a settlement. Hovell aboard.

24 Nov: Western Port penal settlement established at Corinella, on eastern side of Western Port Bay. The new arrivals find men on Phillip Island who have been living there for two years.

Dec: Hovell, operating from the Corinella settlement, reaches Cape Patterson, discovering coal en route.

1827

4 Jan: Michael Phillips applies for a grant of 4,000 acres at Western Port.

11 Jan: J.T. Gellibrand and John Batman apply for a grant of land at Western Port.

22 Mar: Applications for land grants at Western Port refused as the matter of the settlement of the area having not been decided it was not within the power of the Government to grant them.

unk: Swan River settlement founded in Western Australia.

unk: Robert Campbell stocks and builds homestead on the first Delegate run.

1828

Feb: Corinella settlement on Western Port Bay abandoned.

Whaling station established at Twofold Bay. Eden develops from the 1830s.

By the early 1830s most of the available land between Sydney and the headwaters of the Murray and Snowy Rivers occupied. Push begins into the Bega Valley and Southern Monaro. Imlays become the first large landowners in the Bega district.

1833

unk: Captain Lachlan Macalister takes over portion of Plato's Plains near Delegate and calls it Currawang.

1834

10 Jan: John Lhotsky and party set out to explore the Snowy Mountains.

5 Mar: Lhotsky climbs and names Mount King William in the alps (possibly Mount Kosciusko).

Apr: Lhotsky writes to the Sydney Gazette claiming to have seen, from a high mountain, an extensive plain the Aboriginal people called Omeo.

19 Nov: Henty family arrives at Portland.

unk: George McKillop takes up land on the southern Monaro.

unk: James Macfarlane is running cattle on Macfarlane's Flat, on the Gippsland side of what later became the Victorian/NSW border.

unk: Governor Bourke writes to London that "squatters are to be found in great numbers in Monaro Plains to the westward of Twofold Bay and some are said to roam as far as Omeo Lakes".

unk: John Hart takes a party of whalers from Portland to Western Port to gather wattlebark in a lull in whaling.

1835

Jan: McKillop sets out from the Monaro towards Omeo. McKillop, James Macfarlane and George Livingstone reach Omeo.

10 May: John Batman leaves Port Sorrell in Tasmania in the Rebecca.

29 May: Batman sails through Port Phillip Heads.

6 Jun: Batman makes a treaty with local Aboriginal people to take possession of Melbourne.

8 Aug: John Pascoe Fawkner's party investigates Western Port, but Fawkner later chooses Port Phillip Bay.

20 Aug: Fawkner's Enterprise enters the Yarra River.

Sep: Samuel Anderson, a native of Kirkudbright, Scotland and Robert Massie establish a homestead east of Westernport Bay, about two miles upstream from the mouth of the Bass River. The men were agriculturalists. Anderson lived out his life there,

unk: Edmund Buckley is grazing cattle around Benambra.

unk: NSW overlanders begin movement into Port Phillip.

unk: Settlement of Adelaide.

1836

Feb: McKillop, in Hobart, writes an account of his trip to Omeo. It is published some months later in Edinburgh.

3 May: George Stewart, a magistrate from Goulburn, is directed to go to Port Phillip and report on abuses on Aboriginal people around Western Port.

25 May: Stewart arrives in Port Phillip and conducts first census: 142 males, 35 females.

29 Sep: The Rattlesnake enters Port Phillip Bay with Lonsdale aboard to officially establish the Port Phillip settlement.

21 Oct: Report in the Tasmanian and Asiatic Review of a 'private exploration by a gentleman native of the colony' from Twofold Bay to Western Port, making the seafront at Cape Howe and then down the Ninety Mile Beach. (This report is doubted by the few historians who have discussed it).

James Macfarlane, Hyland (on the banks of Lake Omeo) and the Pendergast brothers occupy around Omeo. Edmund Buckley, who is already grazing stock around Benambra, takes up Bindi and Tongiomunjie. (No exact dates exist, and they vary from 1835 to 1837).

unk: Major Thomas Mitchell travels from Sydney to Portland, then to Mount Macedon, from which he sees the Port Phillip settlement. He returns to Sydney and is enthusiastic about "Australia Felix".

unk: Port Phillip is proclaimed as open for settlement.

unk: Squatting licences are issued.

unk: Rabbits released on an island off Wilsons Promontory.

unk: Robert Massie joins Samuel Anderson at Western Port.

unk: Andrew Hutton and William Morris travel along the coast from Nungatta (southern NSW), but are halted by the Snowy River. (Some sources give this as 1837).

As 1837 starts, various settlers are already in residence around Omeo and Western Port. Everyone knows the Gippsland plains exist, but no-one has yet found a viable way in, or a port suitable for the export of stock once European occupation takes place. A way has to be found either through the swamps and scrub east of Port Phillip Bay, down from the Monaro in NSW or Omeo, or across the Snowy River in the East. These are drought years.

1837

Jan: Pendergast brothers settle at Leinster Flats near Benambra.

7 Apr: Report in Tasmanian of McKillop's report in the Scottish Journal of Agriculture

5 Sept: Angus McMillan leaves Barra on the Isle of Skye.

Dec: Schooner Schah trading between Sydney and Hobart wrecked on Ram Head. Some survivors reach Twofold Bay on foot.

Dec: Estimated population of Port Phillip is 1,264.

unk: Queen Victoria ascends the throne.

unk: Depasturing licence issued in NSW to J. Coghill, son of Braidwood for the run known as "Tibbut on the Monaro" [ie Tubbut].

1838

23 Jan: The Minerva arrives in Sydney with Angus McMillan, Malcolm Macfarlane (nephew of James), Walter Mitchell (another nephew of James Macfarlane) and Edward Thomson aboard.

Jan: McMillan meets Lachlan Macalister near Nepean and is engaged as an overseer. He then goes to Goulburn.

31 Jan: Charles McLachlan, George Frederick Read and George McKillop ask for remission of purchase money for land in Port phillip on the basis of McKillop's early exploration into Omeo in early 1835.

24 Feb: Sir George Gipps arrives in NSW to take up his appointment as Governor.

3 Apr: Joseph Hawdon is the first overlander to arrive at Adelaide with cattle and horses.

Oct: Edward Bayliss reaches Buchan from his base at Aston on the Monaro, commissioned by Kenworthy and Lord to seek new grazing land in the south. Travels to the Gippsland Lakes.

1 Nov: Bayliss at Ewings Swamp, east of Lakes Entrance.

2 Nov: Bayliss at Jemmys Point and, being short of supplies, returns to the Monaro.

Nov: McMillan to Shoalhaven to select 500 heifers to take to Portland. On return to Goulburn told to go to Currawang on the Monaro instead. One source suggests that McMillan, as an employee of a partnership between Macalister and James Macfarlane, and accompanied by Edward Bath, brought 500 BULLOCKS from Shoalhaven to Currawang, the journey taking four months. [Given his very active movements in the next few months, he would have had to have left any stock with Bath to follow on behind]

Late: Andrew Hutton, as an employee of William Morris of Nungatta sets out with a party and stock from Nungatta and reaches Lakes Entrance. They stay at Lakes Entrance a week before abandoning the cattle and returning home after attacks by the local Aboriginal people. During the journey Hutton buries four or five sailors from the wreck of the Shaw [Schah] near Wingham River. [This claim is a matter of dispute by historians, who claim that, despite the drought, he could not have crossed the Snowy River. However notes by William Howitt of stories by local Aboriginal people indicate he may have reached as far as Swan Reach].

unk: Fist runs taken up on the shores of Western Port.

unk: Tubbut taken over about this time by Thomas Moore, who operated it as an outstation of his Burnima run (south of Bombala). Later he takes up Amboyne.

1839

A severe drought year, and squatters everywhere are desperate to get into Gippsland with stock, but need to find a port to get stock out and supplies in. It would appear local Aboriginal people have talked of the area around Corner Inlet, and the Macalister/Macfarlane partnership are about to put every effort into finding a land route to it.

early: The Pelorus, with James Macarthur and James Riley aboard, sails close along the coast from Hobart to Sydney. Macarthur takes particular notice of Gippsland. (Other sources suggest this voyage was at the end of 1839)

Feb: Bayliss returns to Buchan from the Monaro and finds Wilkinson there before him. In March he takes up Gelantipy as "second best".

26 Feb: McMillan arrives at Currawang with two convicts and cattle. Meets James Macfarlane, Lachlan Macalister's partner, there. Some time after this discusses Gippsland with Walter Mitchell and the two agree that Mitchell and his party should go down first.

12 Apr: Walter Mitchell, Edward Thomson, Edward [?] Bath and Matoka arrive at Omeo from Currawang.

15 Apr: Mitchell's party leaves for the lakes. (I suspect they were trying to assess if the shallow, flukey natural entrance was suitable for a port).

25 Apr: Mitchell's party arrives at Jemmys Point (Lakes Entrance).

25 Apr: Paul Edmund de Strzelecki arrives in Sydney aboard the Justine from New Zealand.

3 May: Mitchell's party reaches Omeo on their return journey, and head for Currawang. Thomson later claims Mitchell then told McMillan about the good nature of the country. McMillan claimed he told him it was no good.

20 May: McMillan and Jemmy Gibber leave Currawang.

11 Jun: McMillan and Jemmy Gibber reach Omeo. Then returned to Currawang, thence to Clifton to see Macalister. Returned to Currawang with further men.

Jul: Robert Campbell granted a licence for Delegate run, a portion of which extends between Haydens Bog and Mount Delegate.

Aug: McMillan, Alan [?] Cameron, Matthew Macalister and three convicts leave Currawang for Omeo.

Aug: Strzelecki travels to the Blue Mountains and Bathurst, where he finds gold.

1 Sep: C.J.LaTrobe arrives in Melbourne.

6 Sep: McMillan leaves Omeo, travels to Buckley's Tongiomungie run on the Tambo, south of Omeo.

16 Sep: McMillan forms a station at Numblamungie (Ensay) and then returns to Currawang.

26 Sep: The Hero arrives in Sydney with a 20 years old shepherd named Colin McLaren aboard.

Nov: John Stevenson granted a licence for Wangrabelle on the upper Genoa River.

9 Nov: The brig Britannia leaves Melbourne for Sydney and is lost at sea off the Gippsland coast, possibly near Cape Howe. All hands presumed lost or murdered by local Aboriginal people. (see also note for 15 Dec - sources vary)

Dec: Strzelecki indicates his intention of going to Port Phillip.

10 Dec: McMillan leaves Currawang for Ensay with cattle.

15 Dec: The brig Britomart leaves Melbourne for Hobart and is lost at sea. Several female passengers are later considered likely to have been the 'white woman' captured by local Aboriginal people. James Munro of Preservation Island is accused of contributing to the wreck. (See also note for 9 Nov - sources vary)

24 Dec: Strzelecki sets off from Macarthur's at Camden.

26 Dec: McMillan, Cameron, Matthew Macalister and Edward Bath proceed south along the Tambo, but are forced to return after a packhorse is injured.

unk: William Thomas takes up duties as Protector of Aborigines for Western Port.

Around this time James McLaughlin believed to have occupied the Dellicknora run.

unk: Dr Alexander Arbuckle arrives in Sydney and practices medicine for a time until disillusioned with the Medical Board.

unk: Campbell, Stanton, O'Hare and other owners around Delegate send cattle to South Australia for sale, driving them over the alps to meet up with the trek led by Eyre.

1840

This year sees the "race" to "discover" Gippsland, between McMillan and Strzelecki, which is the usual focus of histories of Gippsland that do not recognise this year as only part of an ongoing process that involved many other people.

There are a number of accounts of McMillan's activities, and some dates vary.

11 Jan: McMillan and party leave Ensay. This party appears to be Alan Cameron, Matthew Macalister and Edward Bath.

16 Jan: McMillan party reaches the Lakes.

17 Jan: McMillan names the Nicholson River

17 Jan: James Macarthur, James Riley, two servants and Charlie Tarra leave Paramatta.

18 Jan: McMillan names the Mitchell River.

20 Jan: McMillan party reaches Lake Wellington.

21 Jan: McMillan and party reach the Avon River.

22 Jan: McMillan names the Macalister River.

24 Jan: McMillan party turns back at the Latrobe River dues to weather conditions and lack of food.

29 Jan: McMillan party arrives back at Ensay (according to his account The Colonist, a Sydney newspaper. In another account he claims the date of return as 31 Jan). He immediately leaves for the Monaro.

5 Feb: Strzelecki joins the Macarthur party at Ellerslie station.

18 Feb: McMillan writes a letter from Currawang to Lachlan Macalister in Sydney.

2 Mar: Strzelecki's party leaves Ellerslie, subsidised by Macarthur.

12 Mar: Strzelecki climbs and names Mt Kosciusko. The party then proceeds to Omeo and Ensay.

27 Mar: Strzelecki's party goes south along the Tambo River and follows McMillan's track to the Macalister River, and goes thence to Traralgon. They then become bushed in a swamp, abandon the horses and decide to make a dash for Western Port.

3 Apr: Stewart Ryrie, from the Monaro, arrives at the junction of the Snowy and Deddick Rivers on his journey to survey east Gippsland.

10 Apr: Ryrie reaches the coast near Ewings Morass, and goes from there to Suggan Buggan.

12 May: Strzelecki's party reaches Western Port. (This dates varies, but this is the most commonly used). They travelled through what became the Strzelecki ranges from south of the site of Boolarra to Corinella.

28 May: Strzelecki party reaches Melbourne.

Jun: James Riley, John Rutledge, Charlie Tarra and Pigeon go back into Gippsland in an attempt to recover the abandoned horses. They return in August, with no record of the route taken.

2 Jun: Highly coloured accounts of Strzelecki's party published in Melbourne newspapers.

14 Jun: Samuel Anderson writes to LaTrobe, claiming discovery of Anderson Inlet and describing the country.

9 Jul: McMillan's letter to Macalister published in The Colonist in Sydney.

10 Jul: Strzelecki leaves Port Phillip for Tasmania.

17-20 Jul: Ryrie in far East Gippsland near Mallacoota.

18 Jul: McMillan, Lt Ross, Colin McLaren, Matthew Macalister, Edward Bath, Cobbone Johnny and another Aboriginal man go into Gippsland in an attempt to reach Port Albert. Ross orders the party to return to Ensay. Dr Arbuckle and Tom Macalister have by this time set up at Ensay.

9-12 Aug: McMillan, Matthew Macalister, Ross and party return from Nuntin (possibly future Boisdale Station) to Ensay.

17 Aug: Matthew Macalister and party go to the Monaro to collect cattle, back at Omeo 26 Aug.

Aug: William F. Morris granted a licence for Genoa run. Had other runs at Nungatta and Gundary (Moruya River).

Sep: Dr Arbuckle has a run on the Tambo River south of Ensay. (Note: Doctors Flat, associated with Arbuckle, is north of Ensay).

10 Oct: McMillan and party reach the Avon (Boisdale Station?). Colin Macalister is left in charge. McMillan and party leave to make a dash for Port Albert. Party turns back about twenty miles from the port. The cattle are left on the Avon, and local Aborigines attack the station at Nuntin. McMillan and party abandon the station and return to Ensay.

22 Dec: McMillan regains possession of the station on the Avon. Boney Creek massacre possibly about this time.

late: William Morris is in Sydney, having left his Gippsland runs. Alexander Weatherhead takes over Nungatta.

unk: Westaway Pastoral Run is settled by James Scott, east of Corner Inlet.

1841

This year marks the establishment of Port Albert, the port of entry for Gippsland, as squatters begin to move in in a big way, and attempts are made to establish an overland route from Melbourne to Port Albert.

early: Mr Kirsopp, RN, sails along the Gippsland coast in the Midge and "is satisfied that no permanent outlet to the sea exists at the mouth of the lakes".

2 Jan: The Clonmel runs aground at Corner Inlet, near Port Albert. A group of survivors row one of the ship's boats to Port Phillip Heads.

4 Jan: A letter arrives at Ensay station for McMillan from Macalister telling him to abandon exploration as he does not believe there is a port.

7 Jan: The Sisters and Will Watch leave for Port Albert to collect the captain, crew and passengers of the Clonmel.

16 Jan: Both ships back in Port Phillip from Port Albert. Captain Lewis, in charge of the rescue, waxes enthusiastic about the port.

6 Feb: The Singapore leaves Port Phillip en route with the Gippsland Company aboard. This includes W.A. Brodribb, who later publishes a major account of the expedition.

7 Feb: The revenue cutter Prince George leaves the wreck of the Clonmel

8 Feb: McMillan and party (members not known) leave Ensay,

12 Feb: McMillan at Bruthen Creek and Woodside.

13 Feb: Cutter Rover's Bride arrives in Port Phillip after calling at Port Albert en route from Sydney.

13 Feb: Some sources suggest this as the date of arrival of the Gippsland Company at Port Albert aboard the Singapore.

14 Feb: McMillan and party reach Port Albert.

14 Feb: The Will Watch is back in Port Phillip after another trip to Port Albert.

20 Feb: McMillan arrives back at Ensay.

Mar: The Gippsland Company erects a hut at Port Albert.

20 Mar: The Singapore arrives back in Port Phillip.

23 Mar: A group from the Gippsland Company consisting of W.A. Brodribb, Alexander Kinghorne, Norman McLeod, Arthur Rankin, Malcolm Macfarlane, Kirsopp and Charlie Tarra set off overland for Melbourne, through the southern Strzeleckis.

Apr: Matthew Macalister leaves Goulburn with 6,000 sheep.

13 Apr: Brodribb's party reaches Melbourne and obtains right to 5,120 acres near Port Albert. They became so short of supplies on the difficult journey that they resort to eating koalas.

29 Apr: James Macfarlane advertises in Melbourne that he is ready to sell cattle from Omeo or the Monaro, deliverable in Gippsland.

May: McMillan and Jimmy "Mark My Word" Lawrence clear a track to Port Albert.

May: The Isabella advertises that it is ready to take settlers to Port Albert.

May: The Jane and Emma arrives at Port Albert with supplies from Macalister for McMillan and Lawrence. (One sources suggests it was the Isabella that bought the supplies).

May: A party of Alick Hunter, Edward Bell. Archibald Jamieson, Andrew Ewing and Pigeon crosses the ranges from Devils River, near Mansfield, to north of Glenmaggie.

May: C. Manton, Rose, Rogers and Henry try to find a way into Gippsland from Jamieson's station by the coast route, but are defeated by floods and a lack of supplies a short distance in. On return trip find an exhausted white man, one of a party of four, who had started out from Corner Inlet and quarreled. He had endeavoured to retrace his steps and became lost.

24 Jun: Alick Hunter reports that he has been into Gippsland.

Jun-Aug: Albert Edward Brodribb, Edward Hobson and Dr Edward Barker into Gippsland on foot with four Western Port natives. They walk to Port Albert by a route similar to the present Princes Highway, and back through a less favourable southern one.

Jul: Anaes Ranald McDonald (Lord Glengarry) arrives at Port Albert with retainers on the Brothers and settles at Greenmount near Yarram. Stays there until 1842.

Jul: Brodribb and a party set out from Melbourne to explore West Gippsland.

25 Jul: The Corsair arrives at Port Albert with 50 settlers.

27 Aug: the Port Phillip Herald warns 'to get in before those from the Monaro'. There are good prices for cattle in Hobart and New Zealand at this time.

Sep: William Pearson and party drive cattle from Albury up the Mitta Mitta valley to Omeo. They are joined there by Malcolm Macfarlane and his cattle. They then go down the Tambo River and to Lindenow before forming Kilmany and Heyfield stations.

Sep: George Simpson granted a licence of the Delegate run, adjacent to Campbell's Delegate holding.

Oct: Edward Crooke takes over Hyland's Omeo run, and then gains interests in the Benambra run.

end: Robert McClure, two Scotts, David Weir and two others walk from Port Albert to obtain stores for the settlement. They take 14 days to reach Western Port via the coast, and become so short of food they eat their dogs. McClure never fully recovers, and dies a short time later.

unk: Archibald Macintosh builds at Flooding Creek (later Sale)

unk: Robert Greig, a mate on Captain Stevenson's crew, takes up Maramingo (although some sources give 1842).

unk: Stevenson and Allan run cattle at Cann River, before being forced back by Aborigines. Stevenson takes out a licence for Mallacoota.

unk: Imlay takes cattle to Orbost via Buchan, but later withdraws due to Aboriginal attacks and sells to the Macleods.

unk: William Bradley granted the Kirkenong run.

unk: Butchers Creek massacre at Metung.

unk: Stanton and O'Hare pay quit rent for Currawang and take over that run.

1842

Jun: John Hensleigh granted a licence for the Bendoc run. Later runs stock at Deddick.

Jun: HMS Beagle surveying Wilsons Promontory.

29 Jun: W.O. Raymond reaches the Avon River with stock from the Wellington Valley in NSW and takes up Stratford and Strathfieldsaye.

mid-year recession.

Aug: A party of W.O. Raymond, Albert Brodribb, William Pearson and an Aboriginal male from Port Albert attempt to find a better land route to Melbourne. Travel midway between the Buneep track and the coast route, with provisions for 10 days, take 18 days and nearly starve.

Aug: John Stevenson living in a hut at Mallacoota and running stock there.

Aug: Raymond reports a population of 35,000 sheep, 7,000 cattle, 100 horses, 144 free men, 33 bond, 26 free women and 17 children is in Gippsland.

Sep: Charles Lawson granted Craigie run.

27 Sep: Township of Alberton gazetted. (other sources give 23 Sept)

spring: Party led by John Reeve and including Mr McLellan and two boatmen, sails down the Latrobe River and through the Lakes to Jemmys Point. Credited with the discovery of the entrance to the sea.

unk: Greenwattle Racecourse at Sale is laid out and McMillan's Clifton beats Pearson's Taffy.

unk: James Aitken begins to operate a punt over the Latrobe River at Sale.

unk: McLean and Gillies in Gippsland.

unk: Fulham in the hands of John and Arthur King from O'Shea, manager for the Imlays.

unk: Loughnan and Taylor at Lindenow, Frederick Jones at Lucknow, Sparkes at Swan Reach and Ben Boyd at Suggan Buggan.

unk: John McIntyre and Hughes at Gelantipy until at least 1848. Run it as an outstation of their Gunningrach run (north of Bombala)

unk: Fraser Mowat takes over Buchan station and James Day takes up Hinnomunjie for Crooke.

1843

1 Jan: Post office opened at Port Albert but known as Alberton.

Apr: Licence for Suggan Buggan run issued to William Woodhouse.

Jun: Ronald Macalister is murdered near Port Albert. Warrigal Creek massacre carried out in reprisal. (Some sources give date as July).

Jul: Stratford and Strathfieldsaye runs consolidated.

Aug: A party of seven wattle bark strippers walks from Corner Inlet to Western Port when unable to obtain transport to Melbourne. It takes them 11 days, with five days' provisions.

3 Sep: Port Phillip divided into four crown lands divisions, with one being Gippsland. Charles James Tyers appointed first Commissioner. (Some give this date as 13 Sept)

19 Sep. Tyers attempts to get into Gippsland by the overland route. Fails.

10 Oct: Tyers writes to LaTrobe from near Bunyip. Claims to have been told by his native police that the route from Devils River was more practical, and that he could drive a dray through [!!!!] and that sheep and cattle were already going into Gippsland through there.

26 Oct: Tyers and party leave Watson and Hunter's station at Devil's River (near Mansfield) to attempt to get into Gippsland by crossing the ranges. Become bushed and return to Devils River in disarray after leaving their horses behind in the ranges.

13 Nov: Tyers reports to LaTrobe that he has failed to get through, and he does not believe the route exists.

Nov: Charles Lucas on the Lakes run [Bairnsdale], fails to obtain licence (possibly as he is an ex-convict), and later moves south of Sale.

Dec: the Macleods set off (possibly from Gundaroo) for Gippsland, reaching the Mitchell River and establishing "Bernisdale" in March 1844.

26 Dec: Tyers back in Melbourne after trying to reach Port Albert on the coast road, traveling to within 40 miles of Port Albert and failing.

unk: Edward Bayliss at Merton, after leaving Gelantipy.

unk: Andrew Ewing said to be at Lake Tyers (other sources give a much later date.)

unk: William Whittakers takes over Tombong, previously held by T.M. Moore.

1844

13 Jan: C.J. Tyers arrives at Port Albert by sea.

25 Jan: Remnants of Tyers' party under Sgt-Major Peacock leaves en route to Gippsland by land. It is not recorded if they reached their destination.

30 Jan: Davey Fermanagh officially appointed pilot at Port Albert.

30 Jan: Commissioner Powlett and Edward Hobson into Gippsland accompanied by police troopers. Travel around the top of Moe and the scrub is so thick they have to dismount and go on foot for several days.

8 Feb: Powlett party reaches Snakes Ridge near later site of Rosedale.

2 Mar: Powlett party arrives back in Melbourne. They choose a route southward of the coast range and Hobson immediately makes moves to have the route marked.

13 Apr: Party of George Augustus Robinson (Chief Protector of Aborigines for Port Phillip District), Sgt-Major Windridge, six native police and three convicts into Gippsland on coast route with a dray and eight bullocks. Choose not to wait for Hobson and Hugh Reoch, who were taking the first cattle overland into Gippsland from the west.

23 Apr: Robinson meets up with George Henry Haydon, an architect "in distress" on eastern shore of Western Port, and allows him to join the party to make sketches.

29 Apr: Hobson and cattle between Jamieson's station and Bass River.

May: LaTrobe makes a brief visit [by sea??] to Port Albert.

May: Court houses proclaimed at Port Albert, Sale, Bairnsdale and Eagle Point. (other sources give 14 May as establishment of Petty Session at Alberton)

18 May: Robinson arrives at the Albert River, after suffering privations from lack of supplies.

23 May: Hobson catches up with the Robinson party. Lost 240 had of cattle and two horses en route.

25 May: Robinson's dray arrives at Port Albert, with one bullock having been killed for food, and several horses lost, one through starvation.

28 May: Petty Session held at Alberton and Mr Newton fined 30 pounds for selling liquor without a licence.

1 Jun: Robinson leaves Merrimans Creek for The Heart.

4 Jun: Robinson to Raymond's Stratford station.

7 Jun: Robinson en route to Lindenow Station, and thence to Lucknow.

10 Jun: Robinson down the Mitchell in Frederick Jones' boat The Phantom.

13 Jun: Robinson arrives at Bruthen.

15 Jun: Robinson at Tambo Crossing.

21 Jun: Robinson and Henry Wells depart Tongiomunjie for Omeo.

25 Jun: Robinson departs for the Monaro, but returned due to snow.

3 Jul: Robinson reaches Ingebyrer, and from here goes to Twofold Bay.

15 Jul: Tyers reports on condition of Gippsland and number of people. Gives it as 40 runs, 410 horses, 20,157 cattle, 62,455 sheep, 325 people on runs including 49 convict servants and 120 people in small hamlets around Port Albert. Total white population 447, being 338 men, 80 women and 29 children.

17 Jul: Robinson to Cape Howe and Mallacoota.

25 Jul: Robinson at Wingham River.

29 Jul: Robinson at Cann River.

end Jul: John Gellion and party arrive at Port Albert with cattle overland from Melbourne. After this there are a number of other mobs of stock brought through that way, and the route becomes established.

7 Sep: Robinson at Cooma, and thence to Albury and Seymour.

Oct: Hazelwood Pastoral Run is settled by Albert Brodribb & William Bennett.

20 Oct: The Hunters begin another journey into Gippsland.

6 Nov: The Hunters reach Heyfield.

Dec: The Hunters at Port Albert, and call on C.J.Tyers to tell him about their trip through the ranges.

29 Dec: Near Tarwin the Hunters meet Dr Arbuckle and party on the way back from Melbourne where they were giving evidence about a murder at Omeo.

30 Dec: The Hunters on their run at Tarwin River.

unk: Police camp established at an unrecorded site in Sale

unk: Tangel (Tanjil) Run is settled by W. Pearson, H. Reoch and F. Brodribb.

1845

early: James O'Rourke establishes at Wulgulmerang. Granted the licence in 1848 and holds it until he moves to Yarram in 1852. Christopher O'Rourke establishes his home at Black Mountain in 1845.

2 Jan: The Hunters meet Henry Meyrick taking sheep into Gippsland.

Feb: Maryvale Run is settled by Thomas Gorringe.

23 Apr: Joseph William Hooson, formerly one of the first three policemen in Victoria, arrives as poundkeeper and customs house officer at Port Albert.

27 Apr: The Rev. Edward Gifford Pryce, an Anglican minister from Cooma, at Bairnsdale. He is the first minister in Gippsland.

6 May: Pryce at Sale

11 May: Pryce at Tarraville

18 May: Pryce at Lucknow

4 Jul: Pryce at Wangarabelle (near Genoa)

2 Nov: It is announce in the Port Phillip Herald that a new route has been cut into Gippsland from Western Port that had "not a single creek to cross"

unk: Great Britain is the first propeller-driven ship to cross the Atlantic.

unk: John Macleod takes over Buchan Station.

unk: Orbost abandoned due to attacks by local Aboriginal people.

unk: Robert Fitchett operating the Woolpack Inn at Sale.

unk: Suggan Buggan transferred from Woodhouse to Benjamin Boyd. Worked by Boyd's agent for a number of years.

unk: Tarwin Meadows Run is settled.

1846

Mar: Hooson dismissed as poundkeeper at Port Albert.

10 Mar: LaTrobe requests Tyers to investigate rumours of a white woman captured by Aborigines.

Jul: Tyers advises LaTrobe of cost of forming a road to Melbourne, and asks permission.

30 Jul: George Bolton Eagle dies at Traralgon.

Aug: Tyers reports a lack of success in the search for the white woman.

Aug: Tyers instructed to go ahead with the road.

Nov: Peter Taylor obtains a licence for Jingalalla (later called Cabanandra)

7 Dec: Records commence for Delvin Cemetery

19-20 Dec: Massacre of Aborigines on the Snowy River.

21 Dec: Court of Petty Sessions established at Flooding Creek (Sale)

late: DeVilliers and Warman expedition to attempt to locate white woman.

unk: Edmund C. Hobson on Traralgon Run.

unk: Merton Rush Run is settled by Henry Scott.

unk: Malcolm Campbell appointed Government Surveyor for Gippsland. Takes up Helensborough on McLennan Straits.

1847

21 Jan: Warman claims publicly that the Native Police are responsible for massacres.

6 Feb: Michael Slattery appointed Chief Constable at Sale and Robert Edmonston becomes Clerk of Petty Sessions.

Mar: Second expedition attempting to locate white woman with the Aborigines.

Mar: Tyers writes that the position of the Melbourne road is still undecided.
Dr Savige comments: Commissioner Tyers surveys the best route for the Melbourne-Sale road. He states: Within a few yards of the outlet of the Naracon [sic]. and just below the junction of the Moe Swamp with that stream - a substantial bridge is in the course of erection . . . The Naracoon Bridge avoids this swamp." The builder of the bridge was William Farley. [It should be noted that a few years later the Moe Swamp/River and the Narracan Creek had separate outlets into the Latrobe - possibly as a result of a major flood. However, the two tributaries were relinked in the 1900s as part of the work in draining the Swamp.] A bridge is also reported to have been built over the Morwell River. Tyers reports that the road is complete from Shady Creek to the Narracan Bridge.

[The Old Sale Road followed a course lying north of the Moe Swamp. It is now a secondary road, diverging from the Princes Freeway at the Robin Hood Inn west of Drouin.]

9 May: Henry Meyrick drowns in the Thomson River at Sale.

Jun: Third expedition looking for the white woman, captures Bungelene.

Jul: Norman and John Macleod occupy Newmerella and Orbost runs.

Oct: Tyers writes that only about 10 miles of the Gippsland road are left to cut.

29 Oct: Eliza Archer dies at Lucknow.

2 Nov: Tyers reports on rumours that the white woman with the Aborigines has died.

17 Nov: Rev. Pryce at Delvine on return visit from Cooma.

21 Nov: Pryce at Tarraville.

26 Nov: LaTrobe leaves Melbourne to visit Gippsland overland.

28 Nov: Pryce at Sale.

3 Dec: LaTrobe back in Melbourne

8 Dec: Pryce at Gelantipy.

unk: William Whittakers, who works for Moore, surveys Tubbut.

unk: Stevenson abandons Mallacoota.

unk: Gold discovered in Cooma.

unk: Waste Lands Act comes into force.

unk: Macalister sells Mewburn Park to Johnson-Boe.

unk: McMillan acquires Cuigmungie, near Dargo.

1848

19 Jan: Gippsland runs listed in Port Phillip Gazette

23 Jan: Bishop Perry arrives (Melb?) on The Stag.

2 Apr: Rev Francis Hales and Dr Adam leave Melbourne en route to Gippsland, arriving Sale 15 April, travelling on overland route.

4 Apr: Richard Bennison granted licence for Port Albert Inn.

Jun: James O'Rourke applies for Wulgulmerang.

8 Jun: Rev. Hales returns to Melbourne and is appointed to Heidelberg.

1 Jul: Post office opened at Dandenong.

1 Aug: Overland mail route from Dandenong commenced.

1 Oct: Sale Post Office opened.

11 Oct: Wild Cattle Run, near Anderson's Inlet, is settled.

Nov: Bungelene dies in captivity.

13 Nov: Rev Bean (Anglican) boards the Colina at Port Melbourne en route to Gippsland, to become first resident minister.

Dec: Catholic priest Father Kavanagh (sometimes Cavanagh) travels through South Gippsland and as far as the Mitchell River, baptising and marrying, before returning to St Francis in Melbourne.

late: Red Grass Hills Run (adjacent to Tangil Hills) is settled by W. Pearson, H. Reoch & F. Brodribb.

unk: Henry Scott builds the Eagle Inn at Moe (near the junction of the Sale Road with site of Moore Street).

unk: Scrubby Forest Run (near the site of Yinnar) is settled by Nicol Brown and William Hillier.

unk: Penrose Nevins is sent to survey Flooding Creek (later called Sale)

unk: Dr Robert Ewing and his wife move to Sale, and remain there until 1852.

unk: Raymond relinquishes Stratford in favour of Strathfieldsaye.

unk: Whittakers sells Tombong.

unk: Bishop Perry installed as first Anglican Bishop of Melbourne.

1849

Feb: Bishop Charles Perry, his wife and party travel along the Sale road. Mrs Perry later reported:
.... a most crazy bridge over the river Glengarry [Latrobe] and another six yards further on, over a little creek, the Mowie. Another half mile brought us to the little inn at the Mowie."
Dr Savige comments: [Mrs Perry was clearly confused. The Sale Road did not cross the Latrobe River, but rather the Moe Swamp/River near its enty into the Latrobe. The "little creek" would have been the Narracan.]
The Educational Magazine, July 1951, p. 286, cites a letter by Mr A.M. Savige in which he corrects an article "Reminiscences of Gippsland" which he had written previously:

"An old pioneer … often said that the road crossed the Latrobe … The facts seem to be that the road crossed the outlet of the Moe River, which flowed through the Moe Swamp. This outlet was at times very wide and deep, and ran into the Latrobe; near Westbury. An ingenious floating bridge made of beams and planking bolted together seems to have been used, allowing the bridge to float in flood, and rest on the ground in times of small river flow . . . My informant about the Latrobe being crossed probably confused the outlet from the Moe swamp with the Latrobe."

15 Feb: Rev Bean meets Bishop Perry at The Ridge (near Rosedale) to accompany him and Mrs Perry around Gippsland.

5 Mar: First marriage celebrated locally by Rev W Bean, that of Edward Martin and Mary Ann Timmins, at Tarraville.

3 Jun: Rev Bean ordained in the Anglican Church and officially appointed to Gippsland.

29 Jun: Phillip Harris McArdell appointed Chief Constable at Sale, holding the position until about 1852.

4 Jul: Records commence for Alberton Cemetery.

8 Aug: Refusal by La Trobe of landing for last party of convicts sent to Port Phillip on the
transport ship Randolph.

unk: John Williamson's survey of the Mitchell River

unk: George Smythe's survey of the natural entrance to the Gippsland Lakes.

unk: William Tennant Dawson arrives in Gippsland as Assistant Surveyor. Returns in 1853 as District Surveyor.

unk: Whittakers family at Tubbut.

unk: C.J. Tyers marries Georgina Scott.

unk: Hill End Run is settled.

1850

5 Aug: An Act "For the Better Self Government of Her Majesty's Australian Colonies" passed in England, providing for the separation of Victoria and New South Wales.

6 Aug: Notice of first sale of land at Flooding Creek, under the town name of Sale.

9 Oct: Robert Hoddle directs Dawson to lay out sites for church grants for the Church of England at Alberton, four acres. Roman Catholic Church, south of Reeves' special survey, two acres, and the Alberton cemetery.

unk: Brodribb River massacre of Aborigines near Orbost.

unk: William Brodribb re-occupies Mallacoota

unk: Ewing brothers take up Merrangbaur at Lakes Entrance. One drowned, other to Geelong. Two men left behind murdered by Aborigines.

unk: Port Albert officially declared the Port of Entrance and Clearance.

unk: Bennison takes out a licence for Yanakie and Corner Inlet runs.

unk: Macalister sells Boisdale to John Foster.

1851

Jan: Rev Walter Robb arrives as first residential Presbyterian minister, sent by Dr Lang. He remains a short time only.

6 Feb: Black Thursday bushfires.

Feb: Hargreaves discovers gold near Bathurst.

13 Feb: Great anti-Transport meeting held in St. Patrick's hall, Melb

Mar: The schooner Helen is captured by convicts a short time after leaving Hobart, and is later run aground on the Ninety Mile Beach, with the convicts escaping into the bush.

26Jun Sale was gazetted as a site for a village.

1 Jul: Victoria becomes a separate colony. (some sources give 15 Jul). La Trobe installed as Lieutenant Governor.

5 Jul:  Louis John Michele revealed the locality of his gold discovery at Anderson's Creek (Warrandyte)

22 Jul: James William Esmond revealed the locality of his gold discovery at Clunes.

10 Aug: Thomas Hiscock revealed the locality of his gold find at Buninyong.

4 Sep: Licence for the Port Albert Inn transferred from Bennison to Gellion.

21 Sep: First Victorian licence to dig for gold issued.

Sep: Father William Martin appointed as Catholic priest for Gippsland, operates from Tarraville.

Dec: Father Holohan appointed as Catholic priest for Gippsland.

unk: Bunyip Bunyip Run is settled.

unk: Dr George Dixon Hedley commences practice at Tarraville.

unk: Dr Arbuckle and Robert Fitchett go to Bendigo gold rush.

unk: Sale declared a village

unk: Select Committee on Roads and Bridges.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Omeo, on the Mitchell River and at Bendoc. Iron, lead and copper also found at Bendoc by Rev. Clarke. (Some sources give his discoveries as 1852). Gold at Bendoc not worked until later.

1852

21 Oct: birth of James Farley (son of William and Ann Farley) near the "Mowie" River. He was the first white child born in the Moe district.

unk: James O'Rourke moved to Yarram.

unk: Patrick Coady Buckley takes over the licence to the Wulgulmerang run.

unk: Dr Arbuckle moves from Tarraville to Sale.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered on the Tambo, Nicholson and Mitta Mitta Rivers. (Some sources give 1854 for the Nicholson)

unk: Hamilton Reed (an American) arrives at Bendoc.

unk: The township of Berwick is surveyed.

1853

11 Jan: Act passed for registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages in Victoria.

2 Feb: Dr F.J.H. Mueller (later Baron von Mueller) appointed Govt. botanist. He almost immediately begins a number of journeys around Victoria, commencing his Gippsland visit in November.

4 Apr: Traralgon run divided into east and west, with J.F. Turnbull taking the east and E.Hobson the west.

15 May: The Monumental City is wrecked off Gabo Island with the loss of 37 lives.

10 Jun: The Mary and Ellen goes aground on the bar at Port Albert with the loss of five men.

Jul: Cobb and Co formed.

25 Aug: Angus McMillan writes a memorandum of his explorations for LaTrobe.

17 Oct: First issue of The Age.

23 Oct: Russia occupies Turkish states, resulting in the Crimean War.

unk: The lease of Merton Rush Run is transferred to William Farley, proprietor of Eagle Inn. Farley divided the run into two sections, establishing a homestead for the eastern section on the western side of the Morwell River about two miles south of the bridge.

unk: Census conducted of Alberton and Tarraville.

unk: C.J.Tyers appointed magistrate for all areas north of the Latrobe River. Temporary courthouse built in Foster St in Sale.

unk: Temporary light installed at Gabo Island.

unk: Sale consists of 13 huts.

unk: A school is established in Sale by Marianne Carpenter.

unk: Village of Rosedale surveyed by Malcolm Campbell.

unk: W.T. Dawson returns as District Surveyor.

1854

Population of Gippsland is 1956.

Authorised Police strength for Gippsland is twelve mounted police, fourteen foot police and three servants.

4 Jan: Rev. Thomas McAnlis (Pres.) appointed to South Gippsland, operates from Tarraville and remains there until 1857.

Jan: Rev. William Spence Login appointed Presbyterian minister for North Gippsland, based at Sale.

13 Jan: The brig Spencer is wrecked about sixty miles east of Port Albert, with the loss of five lives. The survivors camp on the beach for nine days under sails until rescued and taken to Port Albert.

15 Jan: Rev. Login holds his first Gippsland service, at Tarraville.

Mar: Mueller arrives on the Orbost flats from Albury.

Apr: Subscription list started for Presbyterian church at Sale.

Aug: Raymond purchases pre-emptive rights for Strathfieldsaye and Stratford runs.

12 Sep: First steam railway in Melbourne.

Oct: Rev. P.K. Simmons (Anglican) arrives to take up duties at Sale.

Oct 25: Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War.

Spring: Mueller, on his second journey, travels to Mount Wellington and Mount Hotham, and then to Omeo, and then to the Snowy catchment, where he follows the river downstream to arrive in Orbost in January 1855.

3 Dec: Soldiers and police attack rioting miners at the Eureka stockade.

unk: Fifty men in 17 tents mining along the Livingstone Creek at Omeo. (Must have been crowded in some tents!)

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Dargo, Swifts Creek and Store Creek.

unk: Charles Marshall, assisted by Thomas Chapman, brings a whaleboat from Tasmania into the Lakes. Probably first European entry to the Lakes system.

1855

Jan: Mueller arrives in Orbost.

1 May: Mueller rested at Bushy Park, Angus McMillans station on the
Avon River, after being trapped above the snowline for several weeks in the alps.

5 Oct: Gippsland Guardian commences at Port Albert.

Late: Novelist Henry Kingsley travels through Omeo to Cabbage Tree, and then along the Ninety Mile Beach, and returns to Melbourne by February 1856.

5 Dec: The cutter Island Queen leaves Western Port for Port Albert, but is lost at sea along with its crew of five.

unk: Hamilton Reed finds first heavy gold at Bendoc.

unk: Alberton forms first Roads Board in Gippsland.

unk: Bark and slab school at Sale replaced with iron building.

unk: Lachlan Macalister dies.

unk: Thomas Roadknight considers Newmerella, but takes over Ewing's station at Lakes Entrance.

unk: First claims at Bendoc taken out by Hamilton Reed and John Locke.

1856

1 Jan: Van Dieman's Land is officially named Tasmania.

18 Jan: R.H. Agley advertising that he would be at D. Clark's Hotel in Sale to take photographs. Possibly first photographer in Gippsland.

11 Feb: Melbourne Public Library opened.

15 Feb: Professor Bennet Clay advertising that he would be at Sale to take
photographs.

3 Mar: Dinner in honour of McMillan at Tarraville.

19 Mar: Victorian Railways Department established.

24 May: The Meg Merrilies wrecked in Comer Inlet with the loss of four lives.

31 May: Steam sloop Victoria arrives to establish the Victorian Navy.

9 Jun: Christ Church opened at Tarraville.

25 Nov: First fully elected parliament opens in Spring Street, Melbourne. Gippsland had one seat (Eastern Province) in the Legislative Council and two seats in the Legislative Assembly - Alberton and Gipps Land.

Dec: Immigrants from the Medway, mostly single women, arrive at Port Albert, leading to a political furore.

unk: Bennison now living in Sale.

unk: Bank of Victoria opens at Port Albert.

unk: McMillan acquires 16,000 acres at Stratford from Raymond and 3,200 acres by tender at Eagle Vale.

unk: Raymond transfers Strathfieldsaye run to Bolden.

unk: Mitchell River being worked for gold.

Town of Omeo in existence.

unk: Gold discovered at Stockyard Creek (Foster).

unk: A new bridge over the Moe Swamp is built by McClure & Hinckley.

1857


Population of Gippsland is 3634.

7 Nov: Election in Gippsland. Johnson of Mewburn Park defeats Dexter.

12 Dec: Bennison at Carrier's Arms in Sale.

Late: Thomas Telfer Stirling arrives in East Gippsland and soon after takes over the Corringle run.

unk: Photograph of Omeo township taken by unknown photographer - possibly the oldest photograph of Gippsland.

unk: Mechanics' Institute built at Sale.

unk: First contract let for the Melbourne to Sale coach road.

unk: A low level bridge is built over the Latrobe River at Sale.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Boggy Creek on the Nicholson and Cassilis/Tongio.

1858

March: McArdell launches the Enterprise at Sale. It is restricted to the Thomson River due to the bridge built downstream after McArdell started building the boat. It remained there at least nine months until, with the assistance of a flood, it was able to gain access to the Lakes.

Apr: A bridge is built over Shady Creek (north of the site of Yarragon).

13 Apr: Robert Campbell brings Georgina Smith across the bar into the lakes to start local shipping.

30 Apr: Bennison granted a provisional licence for the Club Hotel at Sale, pending its opening on 1 July.

17 Aug: Murder at Sale of Richard Dothwaite. Tarra Bobby and Billy Login charged,

Sep: Gold discovered on the Wentworth River.

unk: An inn is built at the Morwell River bridge by Peter Jeremiah Smith.

unk: Antoine Fauchery and Richard Daintree travel through Gippsland and take photographs.

unk: Dr Arbuckle appointed Coroner, Commissioner of the Peace and Public Vaccinator at Sale, holding the positions until his death.

unk: Tyers appointed magistrate for Alberton.

unk: Ewan McMillan born at Bushy Park.

unk: Lakes and rivers explored by Campbell.

unk: Bairnsdale township surveyed.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Swifts Creek and Omeo.

unk: Gold mining at Bullumwaal.

C.1859

De Graves buys Omeo run from Macfarlane.

1859

6 Jan: Gold buyer Cornelius Green murdered at Swifts Creek.

25 Jan: Inquest held at Omeo into the death of Green.

21 Mar: Armstrong and Chamberlain acquitted of murder of Green.

19 Jun: W.O. Raymond dies on the Loddon.

12 Jul: Armstrong and Chamberlain executed for the attempted murder of Constable Green, arising from the attack on Cornelius Green.

22 Sep: McMillan elected to Legislative Assembly.

22 Sep: Merton Rush Run lease is transferred to William Waller and George Haxell.

Nov: The Baw Baw or Tanjil (Tangil) Goldfields - William Gladman discovers the first payable gold in the Tanjil River catchment area at Good Hope Creek.

30 Nov: Traralgon proclaimed a village.

Nov: Warrant for arrest of John Paynter (Bogong Jack).

Dec: Paynter acquitted of horse theft and disappears

25 Dec:  Thomas Austin a land-holder, received twenty-four European rabbits at Geelong and released them as game.

unk: Mountain Glen Run is settled on Mosquito Creek west of Moe by Waller & Haxell.

unk: Coach service operating from Sale to connect with the steamer to Melbourne from Port Albert.

unk: The Gippsland Independent newspaper commences at Sale.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Merrijig and rush at Cobungra. Gold known to exist at Bemm River.


1860

Jan: Gold is discovered at Russell's Creek (Baw Baw goldfield, by William Gladman) and also at other tributaries of the Tanjil River. The township of Russell's Creek shortly develops.

Jan: Gaffney's Creek goldfield discovered.

19 Jun: Roads Board formed at Cranbourne.

Jul: Hawthorn and Icy Creek goldfields discovered on Baw Baw.

20 Aug: Burke and Wills expedition left Melbourne for the Gulf of Carpentaria.

28 Aug: A riot occurred and Parliament House Melbourne was attacked and stoned by irate citizens during a debate on the controversial land bill.

18 Sep: The Nicholson Land Act was passed by the Victorian parliament providing for free land selection after survey. It sets aside 1.6m ha Crown Land for selection in Victoria. This is the first selection act for Victoria and operates Nov 1860 to June 1862.

Sept: Latrobe River bridge at Rosedale completed, and declared open for traffic in March 1862.

Nov: McMillan resigns from Legislative Assembly.

unk: Dr Hedley elected to Victorian Parliament.

unk: Mueller by boat to Twofold Bay and explores Cape Howe, Mallacoota, and Genoa River areas. Finds and names Gippsland Waratah on Nungatta Mountain.

unk: Population of Omeo reaches 500.

unk: Bennison runs stock on Bennison Plains.

unk: J.H. Petit surveys a road from Bairnsdale to Stratford.

unk: Alfred William Howitt leads a prospecting party to Crooked River, discovering alluvial gold there. A second party, led by C.W. Nicholson explores the Tambo and Snowy Valleys.

Late: Gold discovered at Grant.

unk: Reverend Bulmer in Gippsland to establish a reserve for Aborigines.

unk: Bairnsdale town surveyed and laid out (north side of Main St).

unk: Henry Miller builds the Retreat Inn at Westbury beside the Sale road, west of the Moe Swamp/River crossing and about 2 km from Eagle Inn on the eastern side. The Retreat Inn shortly becomes a store and post office servicing a huge region. The Inn was also a haven in times of flood and later a changing station for the horses of coach teams.


1861

Jan: G.T. Jones photographing diggers at Lucknow - possibly Gippsland's first residential photographer.

Feb: Drought and fires Bushy Park and everywhere else. McMillan in financial difficulties and ultimately looses all stations except Cuigmungie.

30 Mar: McMillan marries Christina Naughton.

13 Apr: American Civil War begins.

18 Apr: The barque Rembrandt sinks off the Ninety Mile Beach with the loss of ten lives.

26 Jun: Howitt leaves Melbourne with a party to go in search of Burke and Wills.

Jun: Rev Bulmer selects site for Aboriginal Mission at Buchan and begins establishment. This was unsuccessful, and by the end of the year he had chosen an alternative site at Lake Tyers.

11 Jul: The schooner Macclesfield sinks on the Clonmel Sands at Port Albert with the loss of five lives.

15 Sep 1861 Alfred Howitt's expedition finds John King, sole survivor of the Burke and Wills party that reached the Gulf of Carpentaria.  He buries those who died, but later returns to Central Australia to bring their remains to Melbourne.

unk: Victoria's population reaches 539,000

unk: Nicholson party discovers gold at Pinch Creek near Bonang, and alluvial gold near Bendoc, and some in the lower Snowy.

unk: Gold discovered at Wood's Point and alluvial gold at Barmouth Creek, Wombat Creek and in the Jordan.

unk: Gold rush at Crooked River.

unk: First coach from Sale to Bairnsdale.

unk: Gippsland Times news commenced at Sale by George Gellately.

1862

Feb: Rev. Hagenauer arrives and establishes Ramahyuk

Mar: Latrobe River bridge at Rosedale is opened.

Jun: Duffy Act (selection before survey) sets aside a further 4m ha for selection. Effective to March 1865.

Jul: Donelly's Creek and Fulton's Creek goldfields near Jordan discovered.

29 Sep: Berwick Roads District formed.

19 Oct: The brigantine Hugh Roberts goes down near Ram Head with considerable loss of life.

Dec: Jericho post office established, postmaster was W. Taylor

16 Dec: Gold was discovered at Walhalla.

unk: Public meeting at Sale offers a reward for the discovery of a track to the new Jordan goldfield.

unk: Cobb and Co takes over Sale to Port Albert run.

unk: NSW establishes a permanent light on Gabo Island.

unk: Sale school declared a National school.

unk: Common schools bought under the control of the Board of Education.

unk: McDonald's Track is completed. This was intended for use as an alternative stock route from Sale to Melbourne. It diverged south from the Sale Road west of the Morwell River bridge, ascended the steep incline to the Narracan lobe of the Strzelecki upland, then following the watershed between the south- and north-flowing river systems through the heavily forested ranges - a tortuous route of about seventy miles eventually reaching Pirron Yallock (Lang Lang) from which a road leads to Dandenong and Melbourne. The course of the track passes through the sites of (Old) Narracan, Thorpdale South, Childers, Allambee, Mount Worth, Seaview, Strzelecki and Poowong. There are no bridges on the track because it crosses no creeks. The track was rarely used for its intended purpose because grass (feed for the stock) did not grow under the canopy of trees, and although the track passes through a region of heavy rainfall, it was difficult for the stock to leave the track to get water at various springs. The track was disused for about twenty years and became overgrown, but it was reopened in the mid-1870s by the selectors and used as a base in the survey of their selections.

1863

early: The Enterprise is sold to a Melbourne businessman, and leaves the Lakes.

Feb: Ned Stringer and party find gold at Stringer's Creek, later known as Walhalla.

Feb: Extensive flooding in Gippsland, with the loss of at least 7 lives. Floodwaters cut a deeper channel in to the Lakes.

18 May: Area of Lake Tyers Aboriginal Mission gazetted.

1 Aug: Samual Anderson dies at Western Port.

10 Aug: Sale declared a Borough, the first in Gippsland.

Sep: Ned Stringer dies at Toongabbie.

23 Oct: First meeting at Bairnsdale in an attempt to form a Roads Board.

unk: McMillan acquires 16,000 acres at Tabbarabbara, regranted Cuigmungie.

unk: The lease of Mountain Glen run is transferred to Dr Frederick Lloyd.

unk: Howitt appointed to Omeo as Warden and Magistrate.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Haunted Stream, first reef opened at Omeo.

unk: Dargo gold rush

1864

Feb: Report submitted to Parliament regarding the delay in the construction of the Yarra Track to the Wood's Point and Jordan goldfields.

2 Feb: Alberton Roads Board becomes a Shire.

Mar-May: McMillan in charge of a party that cuts Alpine track between the alpine goldfields.

Apr: Reefs discovered Crooked River. Howittville, Talbotville and Grant townships begin.

June: Gippsland Lakes Steam Navigation Company advertises its intention of providing a service from Sale with lakes steamers to connect with coastal steamers to Melbourne.

Jul: Meeting called at Sale by Dr Hedley that leads to the Sale Hospital being built.

22 Jul: McMillan reported as having injured himself in a fall from his horse while track cutting.

Aug: The Tambo arrives to begin service for the Gippsland Lakes Navigation Company.

13 Sep: Avon District Roads Board formed.

Nov: Gaol built at Sale to replace an earlier one.

unk: Miners Taylor and Brache report 200 Chinese diggers in the Bendoc-Delegate-Hayden's Bog area, with trouble between them and white miners.

unk: Gold is discovered on the Tanjil River and a village (Tangil) shortly develops.

unk: Sir William J. Clarke acquires Orbost station, employing Robert Henry to manage it.

unk: Deptford known to be a town.

unk: Telegraph Line completed between Melbourne and Sale.

1865

Jan: Sale Telegraph Office opened.

Mar: Grant Land Act, effective to 1869, making it fairer for smaller selectors.

18 May: Angus McMillan dies.

Jul: The bridge over the Narracan Creek on the Sale road is swept away in a flood, and replaced by a new bridge.

Sep: Coach services between Melbourne and Sale are commenced by Hewitt & Co. Changing stations for horse teams were at Oakleigh, Dandenong, Beaconsfield, Pakenham, Bunyip, Robin Hood, Brandy Creek, Shady Creek, the Retreat Inn at Westbury, Morwell (Bridge), Traralgon, Rosedale and Kilmany. [Many people still preferred to travel to Sale by sea, the coach journey taking from 24 to 36 hours] It was taken over a short time later by Cobb and Co.

Sep: The Tanjil Track, linking Shady Creek to Walhalla via Tangil (Tanjil) is opened.

unk - exploration in West Gippsland by surveyors to select a route for the proposed railway from Melbourne to Sale. A route is preferred skirting south of the Moe Swamp.

10 Oct: Avon Shire proclaimed, the second shire in Gippsland.

unk: Ten new hotels built in Sale, bringing total to 15.

unk: Rev John Roberts arrives to assist Login after many short term assistants.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Dargo.

unk: The lease of Hill End run is transferred to Michael O'Connor, who relinquishes it in 1867 and takes it up again in 1869.

1866

2 Mar: The ketch Surprise leaves the Lakes for Melbourne and is lost at sea.

17 May: The barque Ellen Simpson goes down off Cape Howe with the loss of nine lives.

18 Jul: Meeting at Bairnsdale in a second attempt to have the area declared a Roads Board.

unk: Section 42 of Land Act comes into force allowing the lease of up to four twenty acre blocks within ten miles of a goldfield.

unk: A.W. Howitt appointed to Bairnsdale as magistrate.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Black Springs Gum Forest.

unk: Reefs discovered on Upper Bendoc River.

unk: Lauraville srveyed by the Surveyor General Thomas Thompson, Catholic Common School   opened there in 1867

By 1867 the Morning Star and Come Love reefs being worked. About 240 diggers on Bendoc and Delegate Rivers. A need arises to clarify if the Bendoc mines were in Victoria or NSW.

1867

Jan: Howitt visits diggings around Bendoc.

30 Apr: Bairnsdale declared a Roads District.

20 Aug: Gippsland Hospital opened at Sale.

9 Oct: The lease of Merton Rush run is transferred to James Ford Bourne.

unk: Gippsland Guardian newspaper moves to Rosedale

unk: C.J. Tyers retires from public service.

unk: Henry Goodridge builds a hotel at Russell's Creek

1868

24 Feb: Cranbourne Roads District declared a Shire. (6 March is also given as the date)

14 May: Poet and author Mary Fullerton born at Glenmaggie.

Jun: Howitt re-visits Bendoc goldfields.

18 Jul: First shire meeting at Bairnsdale.

Dec: Longwarre (Longwarry) Pastoral Run - Thomas Wilkinson lessee.

unk: Nehemiah Guthridge, businessmen and Mayor of Sale, begins promotion for his new shipping company.

unk: Hamilton Reed and John Locke take up grazing lease at Goongerah.

unk: First contract let for construction of the artificial entrance to the Lakes.

unk: First hops grown in East Gippsland.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Clifton Creek and Freestone Creek.

1869

(Drought on the Monaro)

19 May: First meeting of the Rosedale Roads Board held in the Police Station.

Aug: Poet Marie Pitt born at Bullumwaal.

10 Dec: First land sale at Tangil township.

unk: Alexander Black defines nearest tributary of the Murray, as part of the process of defining the Victorian/NSW border.

unk: The Grant Act (Amendment) allows selection before survey. To take effect 1.2.1870.

unk: Rosedale Roads Board formed.

1870

1 Feb: The 1869 Lands Act (Grant) was proclaimed - Selection was made before survey; maximum area was 320 acres; licence period was three years, followed by Crown Lease for 7 years; a selector was required to reside on the selection, fence it and make improvements (clearing etc).

early 1870: First selections at Brandy Creek (Buln Buln) by Jame Hann, Richard Higgs, John Rogers, Henry Walton and James Young. This marked the beginning of a land rush in West Gippsland, which continued throughout the decade until a huge tract of virgin land in west and south-west Gippsland had been taken up by selectors in west and south-west Gippsland.

Apr: Goldrush to Stockyard Creek (Foster).

Apr: Contractor C.F. Cox drives first piles in bridge across the Mitchell at Bairnsdale. He dies a short time later and Peter Platt takes over the contract.

unk: Walhalla Chronicle opens under editorship of James Ryan.

unk: Bairnsdale Shire offices completed.

unk: Lease of Merton Rush Pastoral Run (with its homestead situated on the western side of the Morwell River south of the Old Sale Road) was transferred from James Ford Bourn to Samuel Vary, who named the district Driffield after the village in Yorkshire where he was born.

unk: First selections at Willowgrove.

unk: C.J. Tyers dies in Melbourne.

unk: Macleods leave Orbost.

unk: Extensive floods.

unk: Commencement of the Entrance at Lakes Entrance.

unk: Alluvial gold discovered at Lees Creek and a reef on Gladstone Creek.


1871

23 Feb: The district of Stockyard Creek is renamed Foster.

July - Dodd's Track (also known as Stockyard Creek Track and later as Turton's Track - a bridle track extending from Moe to Foster) is cut by Robinson, Dodds, Fisher and Farley. This track served as an overland route to the goldfield at Foster. The track was later resurveyed by William Liddiard and sections of it are used as minor roads.

unk: Whittakers leave Tubbut for Loy Yang.

unk: Singer Ada Crossley born at Tarraville

unk: Census shows the population of 278 at Russell's Creek and 236 at Tangil.

1872

Dec - Gold is discovered of at Turton's Creek, north of Foster.

unk - Anthony Trollope visits Gippsland and travels along the Sale Road.

unk: The official crossing for stock entering Victoria from the Monaro is Tubbut.

unk: Howitt and police travel to Cann River to investigate a ten year old murder of Aborigines.

unk: The straight line of the Victorian/NSW border is laid out on the ground.

unk: Henry Luke takes over the Gippsland Mercury at Sale.

unk: Shire of Omeo formed.

unk: Arguments between the residents of Stratford and Maffra as to the location of the Shire Offices.

unk: Tin discovered at Mount Wills and mined until about 1890.

unk: Gold discovered at BA Creek and worked for about 4 years.

unk: Gold discovered at Combienbar. Gold discovered at, and rush to, Turton's Creek near Foster.

unk - Education Act - primary education is decreed to be free, compulsory and secular. The state schools of Victoria are renumbered alphabetically.

unk: Department of Agriculture established.

1873

1 Jan: Selection begins in the Narracan district, near the eastern end of McDonalds Track - the first selections in the densely forested hill country south of the Latrobe Valley. The first selectors were all farmers from Upper Maffra and/or Tinamba West - George Glen Auchterlonie, David and John Forsyth (brothers), David Scott Graham (all natives of Scotland) and William Ryan (a native of Ireland).

17 Feb: First meeting of the Shire of Omeo.

May: Town of Buchan proclaimed, and surveyed the following year.

11 Aug: First meeting of Avon Shire at Maffra.

unk - Victorian Parliament decides to build a railway line from Oakleigh to Sale. After preliminary exploration, it was proposed that the route should lie south of the Moe Swamp and well to the south of the Sale road.

25 Nov: Parliament approves construction of railway from Oakleigh to Sale.

unk - Government Surveyor John Lardner surveys a track (Lardner's Track) extending south from Brandy Creek to the line proposed for the railway.

unk: Allan McLean elected to Avon Shire Council (later to be state premier an first Commonwealth member of parliament for Gippsland).

unk: First claims taken out at Combienbar for gold.

1874

Jan - Selection rapidly spread from Narracan - mainly along McDonald's Track, the new selectors (of a variety of previous occupations) arriving from the direction of Melbourne. The route taken for wheeled vehicles was along the Sale road, through Moe and the Haunted Hills, then proceeding south along McDonald's Track up the steep incline. Those travelling on foot or on horseback took a short-cut (Stockyard Creek Track), which diverged south from the Sale road just beyond the Narracan Creek crossing.

Mar - Selections begin at Moe South between the proposed railway reserve and Narracan, and at  Trafalgar South.

29 Mar: The barque Eclyptic is wrecked near Port Albert with the loss of eight crew members.

17 Apr: First selections at Poowong near the western end of McDonalds Track, the first selector being James Scott (a native of Scotland), formerly overseer of Westaway Pastoral Run.

8 Nov: Avon Shire moves to Stratford.

24 Dec: Phillip Island and Woolamai Shire is created.

unk: Discovery of gold at Turton's Creek (north of Foster)..

unk: Wattlebark stripping starts on the Snowy River.

unk: Brown coal discovered on Latrobe River by Henry Goodridge.

unk: Selectors begin arriving on the Snowy flats.

unk: First selections at Poowong, near the western end of McDonald's Track.

unk: Dr Arbuckle dies.

unk: Willis and Deddick become the official crossing places for cattle entering Victoria from the Monaro, with customs houses.

unk: Charles Marshall dies at Ulladulla NSW.

1875

Mar - First women-folk arrive at Narracan - Mrs H.P. Heal and her daughter Mary.

14 Oct: Shire of Maffra proclaimed.

Oct: Bridge over the Mitchell at Bairnsdale finally completed, and fails to open.

Dec - Michael O'Connor relinquishes the pastoral lease of Hill end run and selected land beside McDonalds Track south of Narracan.

unk: Selection in the Great Forest in South Gippsland.

various - Selections begin at Trafalgar, Sunny Creek and Waterloo (Yarragon).

unk: State aid to denominational schools abolished.

1876

6 Apr: Bennison dies at Sale.

Apr: Selection begins at Thorpdale South (Narracan West).

9 Sep: The barque Elmgrove wrecked off Cape Howe with the loss of seven of the crew.

unk: Selections on Gippsland Lakes at Cunningham.

unk: The Kooweerup Swamp Drainage Committee is formed, and work was started on the Main Drain (Bunyip River).

unk: The village of "Mooretown" is founded at Moe beside the Sale Road.

unk: Grant now deserted.

unk: Small rushes to Blackfellows Gully and Dick Turpins Gully near Bendoc.

unk: New Sale Police Station opens (and remains so until demolished about 1975)

unk: Concerted efforts in Sale for a canal to bring boats from the river into the heart of Sale.

1877

1 Jun: Sale to Morwell section of the railway opened, (other sources give 28 May)

14 Jan - Birth of the first child at Narracan - Eliza, daughter of Thomas and Annie Savige. Thomas walks to Traralgon (the nearest registry office) to register the birth.

5 May: The name Narracan was given to the new village beside McDonald's Track. The post office/registration office was at the home of James Powell. It was decided to build a Mechanics Institute to be used as a meeting hall, library, school, church and also for concerts and dances.

About May - Selection begins at Childers and the site of Thorpdale.

Oct: Oakleigh to Sale section of railway opened, with coaches being used between Bunyip and Moe.

1 Dec: The section of railway between Moe and Morwell is opened.

unk: First freehold titles issued on the Snowy River flats.

unk: Coal mining begins at Coalville, south of Moe.

unk: Waterloo village develops.

unk: Selection begins at Mirboo, on the Tarwin River, South Gippsland.

unk: Selection begins at Neerim, north of Brandy Creek, and a post office opened there.

unk: The old Robin Hood Inn is replaced by a new Robin Hood Hotel.

unk: Survey by John Lardner of new townships to be built near railway stations along the line of the railway - Longwarry, Drouin Junction (Drouin), Warragul, Darnum, Waterloo, Trafalgar, Moe and Morwell. The new township of Moe was about two miles south of "Mooretown" at the Old Sale Road. The new town of Morwell was about two miles east of "Old Morwell" (Morwell Bridge). Building begins later in the year.

About 1878

Battle between employees of tycoon Tyson and settlers of Heyfield for the Heyfield Bridge.

1878

9 Jan: Black Wednesday fires in Victoria.

17 Jan: State school opened at Jericho

31 Jan: The section of railway between Bunyip and Moe is opened, and trains begin running from Oakleigh to Sale, the official opening being on 1 March 1878, intermediary stations being at Dandenong, Berwick, Pakenham, Bunyip, Moe, Morwell, Traralgon and Rosedale and later at Trafalgar, Waterloo and Warragul.

1 Mar: Railway completely open from Oakleigh to Sale.

2 Mar: First sale of town blocks at Warragul is held.

28 Mar: Narracan Mechanics Institute opens, a concert and ball being held. This may have been the first public building erected in the hill country.

24 May: Author Mary Grant Bruce born at Sale.

Jun: A new road to Walhalla is opened, diverging from the Sale road east of the Narracan Creek via a new bridge (Beck's) over the Latrobe River.

13 Sep: First issue of the newspaper "The Gippsland Independent", published at Drouin.

20 Sep: Buln Buln and Narracan Shires are created, filling the void between Cranbourne and Traralgon Shires. The boundary between the new shires was set at a line between the villages of Darnum and Waterloo. Either shire extended from the Baw Baws almost to the coast. (Meetings of Buln Buln Shire were held at Drouin, while meetings of Narracan Shire were held at Moe and later at Waterloo and Trafalgar). (Date of 29 Sept sometimes given)

unk: Formation of the Shire of Buln Buln.

unk: Selection begins at Leongatha (Wild Dog Creek).

unk: Payment of members of the Legislative Assembly approved by Legislative Council.

1879

14 Jan: First sale of town allotments at Morwell are held.

Feb: A road from Morwell to Mirboo is opened (The Mountain Hut Road?), which is shorter than the earlier route to Mirboo from Moe via Narracan.

2 Apr: Railway from Oakleigh to Melbourne opened.

4 Apr: Tenders called for construction of the Swing Bridge at Sale.

unk: Selection begins at Korumburra.

unk: Shire of Traralgon constituted.

unk: Howitt appointed to Sale as Magistrate.

unk: Victoria Hall built at Sale.

unk: First permanent selection at Cann River by the Morgan family.

unk: Coal is discovered on the Latrobe River by Henry Godridge, proprietor of the inn at Morwell Bridge.

unk: Sawmills are established at Warragul, Darnum, Waterloo, Childers and Thorpdale South. [Dr Savige comments: Previously, the Government had seemingly encouraged the wanton destruction of much valuable timber.]

1880
1 Jan: First issue of The Bulletin.

26 Jan: First meeting of Traralgon Shire.

unk: Snagging of Snowy River.

unk: Orbost shipping company formed.

unk: Carl Grove, first selector at Newmerella, plants hops. John Hofen selects there a short time after, grows grapes commercially and introduces bees.

unk: Township of Orbost surveyed.

unk: SS Ridgepark wrecked at Cape Conran.

unk: H. McKenzie, Customs Officer at Willis, collects duty on 809 horses and 3947 head of cattle for the year.

unk: Ned Kelly captured, tried and hanged.

unk: Allan McLean of Maffra elected to the Legislative Assembly for North Gippsland. Becomes Minister for Lands, Chief Secretary and then Premier before resigning to become Gippsland's first Commonwealth Parliamentarian.

unk: The Waterloo Timber and Tramway Company is formed. Sawmills were established and timber tramways built in the hill country south of the Latrobe Valley.

unk: Land Amendment Act is proclaimed; leases are extended from 7 to 14 years.

unk: The economic "Land Boom" begins in Victoria.

1881

Mar: First township blocks sold Orbost.

unk: Gasworks established at Sale.

1882

Jan: First batch of sawn timber cut at first Orbost sawmill.

6 Jan: Shire of Tambo formed.

Feb: First Tambo Shire elections.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Haunted Stream by John Polich and alluvial on Cobbanah Creek.

unk: Hamilton Reed and family settle permanently at Goongerah.

unk: Coal mining begins at Coal Creek near Korumburra.

1883

24 Apr: Stanley Porteus, author of Providence Ponds, born.

Oct: Swing Bridge at Sale opened for traffic.

Oct: Meeting held to draft formation of Snowy River Shipping Company.

13 Nov: Railway opened from Traralgon to Heyfield.

unk: St Paul's Cathedral built at Sale.

unk: New brick school built at Sale.

unk: Water Conservation Act passed.

1884

Jan 6: Christina McMillan dies

Jan: The township of Waterloo is renamed Yarragon [because there was another town named Waterloo in western Victoria].

Jul: Three Irishmen begin cutting a track from Brodribb to Genoa.

Sep: Post office and clock tower completed at Sale.

unk: Punt across the Snowy at Orbost begins operation.

unk: Commencement of track being cut from Orbost to Bendoc.

unk: New land act extends selection into the hills, and designates land as 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th or 5th class.

unk: A tree (Eucalyptus regnans, or Mountain Ash) growing beside McDonald's Track east of Narracan West (Thorpdale South) was felled. Its measured height was 375 feet (114.4 metres). It is acknowledged to have been the world's tallest tree.

unk: The name of the village of Narracan West is changed to Thorpdale.

unk: New Land Act (Tucker's) is proclaimed, setting aside timber reserves.

unk: Townships of Boolarra and Mirboo North are surveyed.

unk: First selections in the area near the Latrobe River between Moe and Morwell Bridge, including the site of Yallourn. (This land had been part of Merton Rush Run.)

1885

unk: The Toombon school No. 2654 opened in January 1885, Head teacher was William Volger

Mar: The Ethel Jackson arrives in Sale as the first of the Murray River steamers attempting to break into the Lakes trade.

Apr 10: The railway from Morwell to Mirboo North, which is being constructed reaches Boolarra.

Apr 14: Township of Orbost proclaimed.

Apr 10: Railway from Boolarra to Morwell opened.

Jun 16: Regulations establishing Mounted Rifles gazetted.

July: The first survey of township lots at Yinnar is made.

July: The Sale School of Mines, Art and Technology is opened.

Nov 24 - Morwell, Narracan and Mirboo Pastoral and Agricultural Society is formed (President George Glen Auchterlonie of Narracan). A showground near Morwell is acquired where annual Shows are held.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Cassilis.

unk: A new gaol is built at Sale, but is not occupied until 1887.

1886

Jan: Construction of Sale Canal commenced.

Jan 7: Railway from Morwell to Mirboo North is opened, with stations at Yinnar, Boolarra and Darlimurla.

Jan 7: Railway from Morwell to Mirboo North opened.

Mar: Walhalla Shire is proclaimed.

May 31: W.A. Brodribb dies.

unk: 'Half Caste' Act passed.

unk: Construction of St Mary's Cathedral Sale commenced.

1887

Mar 18: Railway from Heyfield to Maffra opened.

Apr 26: Catholic diocese of Sale created.

Jun 28: A truckload of black coal from Coalville is sent to Melbourne.

Aug 25: Rev. Dr James Corbett consecrated first Catholic Bishop of Sale.

Nov 8: Railway opened Stratford to Sale.

unk: Public Works Department initiates draining of the Moe swamp.

unk: Howitt visits Tarli Karng.

unk: First selections at Cabbage Tree.

1888

Mar 21: First agricultural show at Maffra

May 8: Railway from Sale to Bairnsdale opened.

May 8: Railway to Warrington (Thorpedale) opened. (May 8 - Railway from Moe to Warrington (Thorpdale) is opened, with stations at Coalville and Narracan. New townships are being surveyed near the stations, together with connecting roads to McDonald's Track.)

May 25 - Woorayl Shire is created by severance of the southern part of Narracan Shire.

Jul: The name of Warrington township is changed to Thorpdale, while the name of (Old) Thorpdale (formerly Narracan West), beside McDonalds Track is changed to Thorpdale South.
The new township of Narracan is first called "Narracan Railway Station Township" for several years in order to distinguish it from original Narracan township two miles distant beside McDonalds Track. However, a few years later the railway township is renamed Narracan, while the original Narracan township is renamed Narracan East. Sale of housing blocks at Thorpdale townships begins.
The large "Narracan district" becomes known as the Thorpdale district.

Oct 1: Railway from Dandenong to Tooradin opened, along with seven others on the same date.

Oct: Great Morwell Coal Mining Company registered.

Nov 26: First co-operative dairy company at Woodleigh in South Gippsland.

unk: Large fire at Walhalla, resulting in loss of 30 banks, shops and hotels etc, but no loss of life.

unk: Telegraph established at Orbost.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Yahoo Creek.

unk: The Government appoints a dairy expert to improve the industry.

unk: Tourism begins to be directed via Victorian Railways.

1889

Jan: The travelling dairy visits Buln Buln, Hazlewood and Briagolong.

Feb: Marlo being surveyed by Bruce.

Feb: Lease of mine area formally transferred to the Great Morwell Coal Mining Co.

Apr: Tabbara being surveyed by Bruce.

unk: The almost completed entrance to the lakes opened by storm.

unk: Gold discovered at Orbost and Clarkeville.

unk: Cassilis gazetted a town.

unk: Electoral redistribution - Gippsland has five Assembly electorates - Gippsland Central, Gippsland East, Gippsland South, Gippsland West and North Gippsland.

unk: Work in draining the Kooweerup Swamp is resumed, while drainage of Moe Swamp begins.

unk: Fresh Food & Frozen Storage Company is formed, with a creamery at Narracan East, the first in Gippsland.

1890

Mar: First boats along Sale Canal.

June 26 - Lt-Gen Sir Stanley Savige (who served in two world wars and was a founder of Legacy), is born in Morwell to parents Samuel and Ann Savige.

unk: Light established at Cape Everard.

unk: First bridge (suspension) across the Snowy River at Orbost.

unk: Sion sisters arrive in Sale.

unk: The Fire Brigades Act establishes Metropolitan and nine country fire brigades.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Mount Wills and Sunnyside.

1891

May 29 - Poowong & Jeetho Shire is created by severance of the southern part of Buln Buln Shire.

Dec 9 - Warragul Shire is created by severance of part of Buln Buln Shire.

unk: First selection at Glen Arte.

unk: New Mechanics' Institute built in Sale.

unk: Extensive floods.

unk - Collapse of the land boom and beginning of financial depression.

unk - Survey of the new "railway" townships of Korumburra and Leongatha by John Lardner.

1892

Jan 13 - Railway line from Dandenong to Port Albert is opened, with many stations, including Tooradin, Kooweerup, Lang Lang, Loch, Korumburra, Leongatha, Meeniyan, Fish Creek, Foster, Toora, and Welshpool.

Mar 16 - Railway line is opened from Warragul to Neerim South.

May 22 - Morwell Shire is created by severance of parts of Traralgon and Narracan Shires.

May 30: Shire of Croajingolong is formed, with the name being changed to Shire of Orbost on 17 February 1893.

Oct: The first truckload of black coal is shipped from Korumburra to Melbourne South Gippsland railway opened.

Nov 11 - The Outtrim Coal Company is formed.

unk: Work commenced on the Sion convent at Sale.

unk: Orbost butter factory begins operation.

unk: Rich gold finds at Coolgardie (WA) attract large numbers of people from Victoria.

unk: A cheese factory began production at Woodleigh, South Gippsland.

unk: The Morwell, Narracan and Mirboo Pastoral and Agricultural Society founders due to financial difficulties and ceases operations.

unk: Seventy co-operative village settlements are established in West Gippsland by the Government in order to assist the unemployed. Some people are settled on farms while others are employed on the task of draining the Moe and Kooweerup Swamps.

1893

Apr: Drainage of Moe Swamp is declared to have been completed, but joy was short-lived. Both swamps are flooded later in the year and it is necessary to carry out further work.

Dec 28: The steamer Alert sinks in a storm off Cape Schank with the loss of 15 lives.

unk: Reef gold discovered at Marthavale.

unk: Widespread unemployment, bank failures and debt moratorium.

unk: Village settlement schemes, leading to settlements at Eagle Point and Calulu.

unk: Drainage of Moe swamp completed.

unk: Glenaladale weir construction.

unk: Extremely high flood at Orbost.

1894

Feb 16: South Gippsland Shire is created by severance of part of Alberton Shire.

Apr 13: Mirboo Shire is created by severance of parts of Narracan and Woorayl Shires.

unk: Heavy rains in West Gippsland cause extensive flooding of the Moe Swamp and drainage work continues

unk: Reef gold discovered at Mallacoota.

unk: First briquetting plant destroyed by fire.

1895

(SERIOUS DROUGHT, CONTINUING TO 1902)

First income tax imposed in Victoria.

Reef gold discovered at Club Terrace and Brookville.

1896

Feb: Maffra Sugarbeet Company Bill passes final stages in Parliament.

Sep 23: The Bogong goes down near the mouth of the Snowy River with the loss of five crew members.

unk: Arrival of rabbits in Gippsland.

unk: Teredo worm damage to lake entrance becomes obvious.

unk: Second briquetting plant built, but later wound up.

unk: A new bridge is built over the Latrobe River south of Willowgrove.

1897

Jan 12: The barque County Antrim sinks off Lakes Entrance without loss of life.

unk: Destruction of entrance during storms begins.

unk: First sighting of a rabbit at Morwell.

1898

Jan: Bushfire swept through Gippsland and the Otway Ranges destroying townships and killing settlers and their stock.

Feb 'Black Friday' bushfire, one of a series this year that devastates Gippsland.

Jan/Feb - Disastrous bush fires occur in the Thorpdale district - Narracan, Thorpdale South, Childers, Allambee.

unk: Royal Commission into Forests. Formation of Forests Conservancy Board.

unk: Closer Settlement approved.

unk: New Lands Act is proclaimed.

1899

March: Great Morwell Coal Mining Company goes into liquidation.

Mar 28: Malcolm Campbell dies at Sale.

unk: First Victorian troops leave for the South African (Boer) War.

Oct: 103 Blocks on the reclaimed Moe Swamp are sold

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