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Notes on Individual Hotels A-C

This page contains notes, in alphabetical order, on a number of Hotels that appear in the
Hotels Publicans Licences A-C

This Page is the work of Rusheen Craig


Albermarle Hotels, Menindie District.

There were actually two Albermarle hotels in the Menindie district.

The first Albermarle Hotel , near Albermarle station, was said by Dansie to have opened in the 1870s by Thomas Luke; there is no record of this in the Gazette. Marriott held the license 1876-1877/8 [Dansie: just 1877]. Dansie also claims that John Cleary held the license for 1877, followed, after a gap, by the Phelps brothers in 1882; and that the Phelps brothers, on whose property the hotel stood, were opposed to strong drink, and closed the hotel in 1882. Neither Cleary nor the Phelps get a mention in the Gazette. It is strange that the Phelps brothers should close the Albermarle Hotel in 1882 because of their dislike for drink and yet permit the Roseborough Hotel to operate from 1882; the Roseborough Hotel was at Albermarle about 24km upstream from Menindie on the eastern side of the Darling River and about a mile from the Albermarle station.

The second Albermarle Hotel was in Menindie. Dansie states that it was opened by 1886 on the north-west side of Menindie street between Perry and Haberfield streets. The first license given in the Gazette was to Pretty in 1888.

When C.E.W.Bean visited the Albermarle Hotel he found that they had on display a camels' shoe from the Burke and Wills' Expedition. Mr W.Maiden of Menindie, who went through the same country a few years after the explorers, said that the Expedition, finding that their camels had needed no shoes so far, left a whole pile of them by the Pamamaroo Lake. Bean comments that all the shoes must not have been left behind, since Wills mentions them much later in his diary; Bean suggests that possibly the shoes were left behind by Wright's party who got into terrible difficulties on their way to relieve the explorers.


Albert Hotel, Milparinka and Albert Hotel, Tibooburra, Mount Hope.

Although Gerritsen states that the Albert Hotel, the second hotel at the Mount Browne diggings, was built by Blore in 1882, Blore was not the first licensee.The Gazette for 1882 has the first licensee for these premises as Penrose (not mentioned by Gerritsen); not until 1887 did Blore hold the license. Jarvis, in the 1947 Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society [See excerpt under Royal Standard Hotel notes], writes of Penrose's Albert Hotel as one of the best buildings in 1882 Milparinka.

The Gazette gives a full list of publicans for the Albert, their names and the years of their license. Gerritsen, apart from Blore, just gives the "O'Connor, Bonnet and Baker families". The Bonnet family is not mentioned in the Albert licenses in the Gazette up to 1900, but in Dansie's hotels, Henry Bonnett has the license for 1912, and Mary Bonnett for 1913 to 1921. Other licenses given by Dansie for the post 1900 period are Jeremiah Baker 1901, Letitia Baker 1910, John Cecil Davis 1960-1961, John Bader Bird 1960-1961, William Francis Vickers 1961-1963, James Albert Thomson 1963, June Veronica Crozier 1963, Eric Fleming Barraclough 1964, James Keith Hannigan 1964-1965, Kevin Campbell Smith 1965-1966, Laurence Walter Kennewell 1966-1968, James Bader Bird 1968-1969, Jessie Grace Garland 1970-1984, Kenneth David O'Gilvy 1984-?. Dansie's pre 1900 licenses have omitted Blore's 1889-1890/1, Kelly's 1894-1896/7, and Hill's 1897-1898/9.

The Albert Hotel is a good example of the difficulty of giving the correct location of a hotel based just on information from the Gazette. The Albert is first given in 1882 as at Milparinka; then Loftus Street, Milparinka. Next it is described as being at Waratta Reef; if Warratta Tank is a third of the way out of Milparinka towards Tibooburra, is this the same as the Loftus Street that runs through central Milparinka? To further complicate the issue there is ( another??) Albert Hotel listed also and this time just for 1882 in the same general area - starting with Wilcannia as the Licensing Division, the location swings from Wilcannia itself, right beyond the Mount Browne - Milparinka area, to Tibooburra, Mount Hope. Trying to match publicans with 1,400 hotels, there is no way that I could spend the time to try to find exactly where this Mount Hope is in relation to Tibooburra - except to rule out the township of Mount Hope well to the south.


Albert Hotel, Milparinka see also Royal Standard Hotel, Milparinka.


Albion Hotel, Forbes.

In the main street of Forbes, the Albion is a sprawling hotel with all the florid ornamentation typical of the Victorian Era, now handsomely restored to life. In the basement of the hotel, a unique feature is the remains of the tunnel system that once connected the hotel - which also served as the local Cobb & Co office - with the town's banks. Gold would be transported through the tunnels rather than above ground to foil the local bushrangers. The cellar also houses the "Bushrangers Hall of Fame", which tells the fascinating tale of such notorious locals as Ben Hall. ( Gebicki Michael, Travelling Thirst Class, The Sun-Herald, March 12, 2000, p.94.)


Albion Hotel, Hillston

The Albion Hotel
JAMES LAWLER, Proprietor
The above Hotel, situated on the Lachlan River, about a mile and a half from Hillston, will be found replete with every convenience for visitors
BEST BRANDS OF WINES AND SPIRITS always in stock. Good Stable Accommodation. Grass Paddocks
( The Spectator, Aug. 20, 1892, Advertisement.)


Albion Hotel, Lake Cudgellico

H. CHAMPION, Proprietor
Best Brands of Wines and Spirits always in Stock
Good Stabling and attentive groom
( The Spectator, Aug. 20, 1892, Advertisement.)


Albion Hotel, Wagga Wagga.

Henry Charles John Moxham.
Publican - Albion Hotel,Wagga Wagga 1867; Australian Hotel, Wagga Wagga 1872. Henry was born in Longford in Northern Ireland in 1834, and married Hannah Susannah Monkhouse in Wagga Wagga in 1857. They had twelve children, most of whom moved to the Bourke district in the 1880s. As well as being a publican, Henry was also, at one stage, a storekeeper in Fitzmaurice Street, Wagga Wagga. He seemed to prosper in Wagga and was one of the contributors to the Wagga Wagga Public School establishment fund. He moved to Bourke after his wife died in 1883, and took up a homestead lease called Longford Park at Warraweena. He died in Bourke on 15th October 1898, his parents being listed as William and Susan.
( See also - Australian Hotel, Wagga Wagga; and Grass Hut Hotel, near Bourke.)
( Livingstone Jill, History of the Warmoll Family, Unpublished.)


Albion Hotel, Wankaroo

The Albion Hotel was burnt down 20th April 1896, killing an occupant - Walter Rings (Dansie). August Heinrich Hengs traded on a temporary license from a shed opposite until 1898.


Albion Hotel, Warren

Mr Peter Byers, formerly of Bathurst and Byrock, purchased the well-known Albion Hotel, Warren, from Mr Lilyman and will take possession about the end of the month.
( Bourke Banner, Feb. 15, 1899.)
( See also - Club House Hotel, Warren.)


Australian Arms, Carcor [Carcoar]

Publican's License issued to Robert LODGE on 1 July 1848 for the "Australian Arms", Carcor. 30 duty received.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses,1848)

Annual Licensing Meeting at Carcor in April 1853.
Publican's License issued to Mary LODGE of Carcor for the "Australian Arms", Icely Street, Carcor.
Sureties each giving 50: William MILLER of Carcor; Emmanuel CRABB (or CRABT), Storekeeper of Carcor.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, Apr 1853)

Annual Licensing Meeting at Carcor in June 1854.
Publican's License issued to Patrick MORONEY of Carcor for the "Australian Arms", Icely Street in the town of Carcor.
Sureties - ...CRABB of Carcor and Hyam PHILLIPS of Carcor, both storekeepers.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses April 1854 - March 1855)


Australian Club Hotel, Broken Hill

The Australian Club Hotel
Broken Hill
Suites of rooms reserved on receipt of letter or telegram
ALLAN WHITE , Proprietor

Football Accident : Mr G.F. Donnithorne was injured in Saturday's match. He is at present being taken care of at the Australian Club Hotel, where Mrs White has been unremitting in her attention to him. It is expected that today the doctors will be able to ascertain the extent of his injuries which are internal.
( Broken Hill Argus, Monday, June 18th, 1888.)

See also Criterion Hotel, Broken Hill


Australian Hotel, Bourke.

Floods at Bourke - Gale's Australian Hotel is still high and dry, and there is every chance of its holding out.
( Town and Country Journal, April 26, 1890.)
(See also Royal, Oxford and Tattersall's Hotels, Bourke for further information about the Bourke floods.)


Australian Hotel, Burrowa.

( Late Allan Hancock )
The Proprietor of the above Hotel begs to inform his friends and the public generally, that having taken the above Hotel he hopes through strict attention and civility to merit the same liberal patronage accorded to the late proprietor.
The Best Brands of Wines, Ales, and Spirits only kept
Plunge and Shower Baths         Billiards
Good Stabling, with Loose Boxes, under a careful Groom
(Wagga Wagga Advertiser, July 10, 1875, Advertisement.)


Australian Hotel, Wagga Wagga

Fitzmaurice Street, Wagga Wagga
Begs to announce that he has at very great expense altered and extended his establishment, with a view to the
of gentlemen, and of visitors during the approaching ASSIZES and ensuing RACES
The capacious new HALL, for Public Meetings, Balls, Concerts, &c., which is considerably larger than any room in Wagga Wagga, will be completed before the Assize week
Attached to the Hotel is a fine BILLIARD ROOM, containing one of the best tables out of the Metropolis
The Stabling is excellent; Good Horse Boxes, provided; with the very best 2 years old Oats and Hay
Capital Lodging and good Board at the Coffee-room table at 21s. per week
( Wagga Daily Advertiser, Wagga Wagga, Oct.17,1868, Advertisement.)

( As above with the addition of )
N.B. - HORSES and BUGGIES LET ON HIRE, and always in readiness.
( Wagga Wagga Advertiser, September 1, 1869, Advertisement.)

Daniel Byrne, the Licensee of the Australia Hotel, Wagga Wagga, died in 1927, aged 52 years. His obituary states that he was the eldest son of Michael Byrne, who came to Australia 45 years before.
( Craig Rusheen - Unpublished records of the Byrnes Family.)

In 1872 Henry Charles Moxham, publican, advertised his Australian Hotel in the Greville's Post Office Directory as :
Ideal for commercial gentlemen, squatters and families. It had private sitting rooms; plunge and shower baths; and excellent stabling.
( Livingstone Jill, History of the Warmoll Family, Unpublished.)


Balpunga Inn, Wentworth District, Balpunga

Although the Gazette has Green 1870-1872/3 as the only publican for the Balpunga Inn, Maxine Withers claims that Jonathon Scott Smith conducted a hotel at Balpunga after he sold his Beehive Store in Wentworth in 1868. She recounts how the family of Jonathon Scott Smith and his brother James Thompson Smith, the sons of a Scottish master Mariner, came with their widowed mother Catherine and their wives to the Junction about 1858.

James Thomson Smith held the license for the Sturt's Billabong Hotel 1868-1872/3. Maxine Withers records that in 1873 James Thomson bought 40 acres of land on the Darling and with the help of his son he built the Ellerslie Hotel; this fits in with him holding the license 1875-1879/80. However it does not explain the previous license for the Ellerslie Inn held by Mrs Rice in 1869. The Rice family went on to hold the license 1888 to at least 1900.


Balranald Inn, Balranald.

Annual Licensing Meeting of the Lower Darling in April 1853.
Publican's License issued to William GRAHAM of Balranald for the "Balranald Inn" in the township of Balranald.
Sureties - Jeremiah RALF of Tala; Charles KIRBY of Paka.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, Apr 1853)

Publican's License issued to William GRAHAM for the "Balranald Inn", Balranald, Lower Darling
Sureties - John [? LORGBANK] of Packer; John TALBETT of Wakool Inn, Wakool River; each giving 50.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April 1854 - May 1854)

The Balranald Inn is said to have started in 1848. For further information - See


Bancannia Lake Hotel, Milparinka District, Bancannia Lake

It is not quite clear what Dansie means when he says that Angus held a "new license" for this hotel, 35 km north of Fowler's Gap on the Broken Hill to Tibooburra Road, for 1897-1904. The Gazette gives a nonbroken list of publicans:

1887-1888/9 Wright (Dansie: 1886-1888 Wright)
1889-1896/7 Smith (Dansie: Gap between 1888 and 1894; 1894-1895 Smith; Gap)
1897-at least 1900 Angus (Dansie: 1897-1904 Angus (New License))


Barrier Club Hotel, Broken Hill.

Joseph Ross, proprietor of the Barrier Club Hotel, Oxide Street, was fined 30 for retailing spirits without a license. He had been granted a license three months ago, but had failed to pay the license fee, hence the present charge and the conviction.
( Broken Hill Argus, April 17th, 1888.)

This is the only remaining corrugated iron hotel that has survived in Broken Hill. It is the Barrier Lodging House at 89 Argent Street.


Bellevue Hotel, Weinteriga, Rocky Waterholes

Five people caused a row at the Rocky Waterholes Hotel.........threatened to shoot the landlord Rodgers (Gaz. - Podger). Then proceeded to Weinteriga where they demanded rations of at least one sheep. ( Barrier Miner, 1887.)

See also Rocky Waterholes Hotel


Benduck Hotel, Benduck.

Boxing Day at Benduck Hotel - On Friday last a large party assembled at the invitation of the proprietor, Mr Francis Newcome. The first sport was chase after a pig with a greasy tail; the prize was won by a party called Johnston. At this junction the Bee Hive waggon arrived with a load of ladies and gentlemen, including the King Bee himself, with his little musical instrument, with which he seems to do as he likes. Dinner was announced at 6 o'clock, after which, dancing commenced, and was carried on with lively interest until the small hours of the morning, when, with praise of Mr Newcome, and three times three for the King Bee, all dispersed to their own quarters. ( The Riverine Grazier, Dec.31, 1873.)

FRANCIS NEWCOMBE having obtained a LICENSE for the above Hotel, hopes that by keeping a really good article, and strictly attending to the wants of his customers, to merit a fair share of public patronage.
( Riverine Grazier, June 17, 1874, Advertisement)


Black Horse, Neurea, Wellington District

No 400 Annual Licensing Meeting held at Wellington in April 1853. License issued to Henry William Charles SMITH for the "Black Horse", Neurea, Wellington District.
Sureties each giving 50: Henry LAMBERT of Montefiores; James CALLAGHAN of Neurea.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses. Apr 1853)


Blank Hand (or Black Hand), Wellington

Lic No 926 Annual Licensing Meeting at Wellington on April 1854. Publican's License issued to William [? SISE] for the house presently licensed to Henry SMITH situated at Nurea on the main road between Wellington and Molong and called "Blank Hand" (or Black Hand).
Sureties - Henry LAMB of Montefiores; James CALLAGHAN of Nurea; both giving 50.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April 1854 - March 1855)


Bluff Hotel, near Nymagee, Cobar Road

John Keighran - Publican Bluff Hotel 1884 -1890.
John was the grandson of two convicts Patrick Keighran and Catherine Kitts, early settlers in the Campbelltown district to the south west of Sydney. Born in 1838 in the Picton area, John was the fifth of 16 children of Patrick Keighran and Judith Bent. In 1869 John, a stock rider of Melbourne, married Maria Brislan in Melbourne. Five years later they were in Broadmeadow for the birth of their first registered child Margaret Therese.

[ John was the Stock Inspector in the Hay area in 1875. (Article from Riverine Grazier, 4th Aug, 1875, NSW-West.) - Rusheen]. In 1876 they were at Mucklebah near Booligal in NSW where their next child was born. They were moving closer to Nymagee for the birth of John Henry at Gilgunnia in 1879. By April of that year the family was in Nymagee. In October 1880 Sylvester Byrne, the son of the Irish rebel Hugh Byrne, died in Nymagee and John and Thomas buried him and provided information for the death certificate.

John and Maria were at The Bluffs when Maria gave birth to a daughter in April 1881 and lost an infant son in 1883. Throughout this time John is recorded as a farmer and selector. From 1884 John was the licensee of the Bluff Hotel at The Bluff near the village of Nymagee. As well as being a publican John also farmed and in 1887 he owned 40 herefords, 2 draught horses and 3 saddle horses. Following the Public Watering Places Act of 1884, a water tank for the use of campers and travelling stock was established beside the road at Nymagee and named Keighran's Tank after John.

By 1890 John was suffering from a malignant tumour on his face and had to give up the hotel license. He died in Nymagee leaving Maria his estate of 365. Daughter Margaret Therese married William Gardner in Broken Hill in 1895. Maria stayed in Nymagee until at least 1901 where she was running a restaurant.
(Cust, Janelle. The Family of Judith Bent and Patrick Keighran. Unpublished.)


Bobadah Hotel, Nymagee District, Bobadah

Bobadah was an old gold mining community and I believe had some hotels there. Bobadah was originally named Carpina. I do remember Mum speaking of Conley's hotel at Nangerybone station. There was a Bobadah Hotel, Commercial Hotel and Royal Hotel. as well as other licenced premises. There was no hotel in existence by 1947. There could well have been other hotels in the area because my dad used to tell me there was once 7 hotels at Bobadah.

There was a hotel on The Overflow as well as the one at Nangerybone and the Bobadah ones. My Grandfather came to work as a shearer on The Overflow, among other things he did there. My Granny worked there as a domestic in the 1890's. When the property was being divided, I guess at different times, grandfather acquired forty acres of the Overflow 1.5 miles from Bobadah. As time went by he acquired more land until he finished up with 10,000 acres, that is also with a block at Moothumbil and Eremeran. My Dad and all his siblings were born on the property that became "Avoca". My father inherited the property when Grandfather died in 1952. I and all my sisters and brother grew up there. After my Dad died in 1972 Mum eventually had to sell.

My Grandfather was one of the original members of the shearers union the AWU. My cousin now has in his possession all the union tickets Grandfather had put on to a muslin cloth.
(Elaine Rogers: email alanandelaine[at] )


Bonanza Hotel, Broken Hill

This, the first hotel in Broken Hill, opened in 1885. Dansie claims that the hotel was opened with a grand ball on 31st July. However the Silver Age newspaper of 10 October 1885 stated that the hotel opened in October. Yet Dansie seems very certain of his dates. He states that the building was brought by Pincombe from Lakes Camp, Daydream Settlement where it had been opened by Thomas Eades [Gazette has Richard Eades] on 24th October 1884 at the Bonanza Hotel; Dansie gives 3rd July 1885 as the date when Delamore was granted permission to transfer the license to Broken Hill. The hotel was destroyed by fire on 6th February 1894.

A young fellow named Hugh Mullins pegged out a twenty-acre block on which the principal section of Broken Hill afterwards stood. (Initially) the name decided upon for the town was Mullinsville in honour of the man who held the lease. Several business men bought blocks paying as much as 25 for them. Delamore's (Bonanza) Hotel was the first erected, and Tully's store, in which the post office was conducted, was erected soon after. The Silver King was the second hotel built, and the second store was opened by Brazill & Jones. The first baker was one Stewart, and the first butcher Neilson & Company.
( Thomas W.R., In the Early Days )

William Delamore obtained a license for a hotel (the first) at Broken Hill called the "Bonanza" in October, 1885.
( Silver Age, October 10, 1885.)


Boorowa Hotel, Boorowa.

For a photograph of the hotel and the history of the town and the story of the bushranger, Ben Hall - See :


Border Gate Hotel, Burns, near Silverton

The Border Gate Hotel, Cockburn, is only a few feet inside New South Wales. On the other side of the border is South Australia. (Cockburn itself is in SA). Broken Hill's first rail link with the coast came in 1887, through Cockburn to Adelaide. It was 40 years later that Broken Hill was connected by rail right through to Sydney.
( Swan, Bruce, Beyond the Darling)
( That area appears as Burn on old maps.)

See also Globe Hotel, Silverton, Border Gate


Boundary Hotel, Menindie District, Thackaringa  See Shearer's Arms - Exchange Hotel


Boundary Hotel, Milparinka District, Yalpunga and the Union Hotel, Yalpunga

Situated where stock would stop at Yalpunga waterhole, the Boundary Hotel got its name from its location close to the NSW-Queensland border. Dansie has the hotel opening with Rogan in 1883; Gerritsen agrees with the Gazette that the hotel did not open until 1885. Dansie has omitted Reid 1888 and Rogan 1889. Gerritson gives the added information that the hotel became an important mail change on the way to Thargomindah, and that it was delicensed at the end of World War 1.

Both Dansie and Gerritsen state that the Boundary Hotel changed its name to the Union Hotel though neither give a date. This could be possible because the Gazette has the last listing for the Boundary Hotel as 1890 and first listing for the Union Hotel the following year.


Bourke Hotel, Bourke.

In June 1863, a Squatters' party is held at the "Bourke" Hotel for the marriage of the Prince of Wales; and on 18-3-1864 the Police Magistrate and his family are moved to it from their flooded home on the river bank, and a dam built around the hotel on the 23rd.
( Cameron W.J., The History of Bourke, Vol VI, 1977, p.21.)


Bridge Hotel, Bourke.

About the Publicans :- Tighe had selected 200 acres at Bourke 2/2/1883, which was purchased by auction by J.M.Brown the next year. Rolfe was previously a butcher. Maxwell had earlier been refused a Colonial Wine License at Four Mile. Quinn was connected with three other hotels. In 1874 there was a Senior Constable Murphy at Gongolgon.
( Cameron W.J., The History of Bourke, Vol VI, 1977, p.21.)


Bridge Hotel, Hay

T.H. BROOKE respectfully informs his friends and the public generally that they will find, at the above Hotel, every Accommodation, and their wants carefully attended to
Wines, Spirits, English Ales and Porters of the best brands
Excellent accommodation for travellers
( Riverine Grazier, June 17, 1874, Advertisement.)


Bridge Hotel, Warren.

The Bridge Hotel was built in the early nineties by Joseph Taylor. Previously a saddler named Arthur Pain had occupied a shop on this corner.
( Brennan R.M., Across the Black Plains, A History of the Warren District, 1988, p.76.)
(See also Mount Harris Hotel, Wollingate Hotel.)


Britannia Hotel, Wilcannia see Wilcannia Hotel.


Broken Hill Club Hotel, Broken Hill.

Oxide Street
Joseph ROSS
First Class Accommodation for Visitors. Best Brands of Wines and.Spirits
All communications promptly attended to
( Broken Hill Argus, March 6th, 1888, Advertisement.)


Broken Hill Hotels; Silverton - Broken Hill District ;
1. Broken Hill.
2. Willyama. and the Freemason's Hotel.

The two listings above for the Broken Hill Hotel are for the one building. This weatherboard and iron Broken Hill Hotel, opened in 1886 on the northern corner of Oxide and Argent streets, was also known briefly during part of the time when Ross was the publican as the Broken Hill Club Hotel. The building was purchased by the Freemasons in 1889 and removed to Tarrowingee [Dansie]; it was replaced in 1891 by a two storey stone and brick Tavern and Hall renamed the Freemason's Hotel.

There will be a Pigeon Match for 50 split into three prizes. ....40 entries from the "local knights of the trigger". Nominations received by Mr Yoeman at Oscar Smith's (Broken Hill) Hotel
( Broken Hill Argus, April 27th, 1888.)


Burtundy Hotel.

Both the Gazette and Dansie agree that the Burtundy Hotel, at Ilnery Point on the Darling River about 48km north-east of Wentworth, was opened by Harrison in 1867. Publicans and years of licenses vary often from then on:

1867-1872/3 Harrison (Dansie: 1867-1872 Harrison)
1875 Brown (Dansie: Brown 1875)
1875-1878 Cameron (Dansie: Willis
1877-1878. No mention in Gaz)
1878-1879/80 Hippisley (Dansie: Webb 1879-1880. No mention in Gaz)
1881-1884 Rice (Dansie: No listing)
1885 Henry Ropke (Dansie: Herman Kopke)
1886-1887/8 Catherine Kopke (Dansie: No listing)
1888 Alfred Clark (Dansie: Alfred Clarke 1888-1889)
1889-1891 Hippisley (Dansie: Hippisley 1889- )
1892-1896 Ablett (Dansie: Ablett 1893; Gap)
1896 John McMillan (Dansie: John K.McMillan 1896- )
1897 James McMillan (Dansie: No listing)
1898-at least 1900 Hippisley (Dansie: Hippisley 1898-1903)

For 1888 the Gazette has either Catherine Kopke or Alfred Clark; Dansie has Alfred Clarke. Yet in the 1888 advertisement below, the owner is given as C.Clark.

For further particulars apply to Owner, C. CLARK
or J. EGG & Co, Wentworth.
( Wentworth Advocate and Irrigationist, June 2, 1888.)

A Pleasant Gathering.
I now take pen to give you some idea of the good time Mr and Mrs Ablett of Burtundy Hotel provided for their many friends on Friday 27th. Not withstanding it being two days after Christmas, the hotel was decorated with "evergreens" which abound on the Darling River. They lent a certain amount of charm and welcome but which were totally surpassed by the genial shake of the hands of our host and hostess. Mr Ablett, having collected a goodly amount of money, proposed to divide some in equal parts for horse and foot races, and the programme (which I must say was a liberal one) was got through without a hitch, every prize winner receiving their money and going away (after the dance) having no thought other than good wishes for the coming New Year for the Ablett family, one and all.

I feel I cannot do sufficient justice to the catering provided by Host Ablett, suffice is to say that those who wanted anything better would need use the proverbial Pears' Soap. In the evening the dance was well patronised, and really Mr Editor, it is wonderful where all the handsome dressed young ladies appeared from. But all thoroughly enjoyed the dancing to the good music supplied by Messrs.W. Ablett (violin), J. McGilton and C. Coombs (accordian), which kept going well into the daylight the next day.

Following is the result of the Sports :
Trial Stakes (Horses) - 1. Professor.
Burtundy Stakes - 1. P. Rice.
Burtundy Handicap (Horses) - 1. Melanah; 2. Professor; 3. Topsy.
Sheffield Handicap - 1. W. Ablett; 2. P. Rice; 3. W. Renfrey.
Consolation (Horses) - 1. Tommy Dodd; 2. Skipper.
Hop, Skip and Jump - 1. J. Neill.
Then came two children's races which caused great excitement.

On New Year's Day we again spent a jolly time having a closely contested cricket match in the afternoon, followed by a good game of Rounders in which most of the ladies joined; then came a good substantial supper supplied by Hostess Ablett to which good justice was done, and after a few more games in the moonlight we parted for our several homes wishing the evening had lasted longer.
( Federal Standard and Western District Advocate, Jan.11, 1896.)

Burtundy Hotel Sports - Christmas Eve.
( Similar description to above, except for the mention - )
At one o'clock about 70 sat down to a free lunch...........
(Ibid Jan.2, 1897.)


Bush Inn, Hay.

A large brick building, seen on entering the town, is called the Bush Inn. It is the only two storey house in Hay. The Bush Inn has a frontage to Leonard and Lachlan Streets, and contains twenty-two rooms, beside billiard-room &c. It does a good trade and is carried on by Mr William Sabine. The public school is opposite the Bush Inn.
( Town and Country Journal, Sept. 14, 1872, "A Tour to the South", Article provided by Hay Historical Society.)

Mr Sabine's two racehorses, Dolphin and Lavinia, in charge of Duncan McGregor, and Whittington, arrived at Hay from Deniliquin, yesterday morning. These, with Mr. Dodd's East Lynne, are at the Bush Inn stables.
( Riverine Grazier, April 22, 1874.)

Wm. SABINE returns his sincere thanks to his numerous patrons for the liberal support accorded to him in past years. He still continues to give his undivided attention to the comforts of his guests, and hopes for a continuation of public favour.
Liquors all of the best brands. Excellent Stabling. Careful Grooms
First-class Billiard Table
( Riverine Grazier, June 17, 1874, Advertisement.)

First-class accommodation for Squatters, Commercial Travellers, Drovers, &c
Good stabling aaommodation for 20 horses
Loose Boxes
N.B. - Masonic Hall, 74ft x 25ft, open for hire to troupes, &c
( Wagga Wagga Advertiser, July 10th, 1875.)


Bush Inn, Moorna.

Yelta - Anglican Aboriginal Mission 1855-1869.
Yelta was opened in August 1855 near the junction of the Murray and Darling Rivers, From the white man's perspective things seemed to go well in the early days; the aboriginal people helping to build a mission house, a school and a church; they erected fencing, constructed roads, tended the gardens and looked after the sheep. By 1858 about 60 people were attending the station each day, and the school had 14 pupils.

Then a decline set in. The people came only for the government rations and refused to work unless paid -who could blame them!!! Many went to work on the surrounding sheep stations. Others camped on the edge of the town. The proximity of the hotel at Wentworth and the more recently built Bush Inn at Yelta further undermined the situation. The mission station survived for a time by attracting people from further afield, the lower Murray and Upper Darling. The station finally closed in 1869 and its improvements sold for 300.

The town of Moorna never really eventuated. Only a dozen lots were sold when the land was put on the market in 1855. Only the Bush Inn continued.

On the 14th inst. there was high holiday at Moorna among the hands and friends when John Geo. Nichols, eldest son of the popular landlord of the Bush Inn, wed Isabella Cameron, a Scottish lassie.....Mr and Mrs Crozier made it their aim that everyone should have as much pleasure as possible. Races were held in the afternoon and the most popular event was the race for the bride's hankerchief.
( Federal Standard, October, 1884.)


Byrock Hotel, Byrock.

The present terminus of the Great Western Railway, which will eventually become extended as far as Bourke, is the township of Byrock. The principal business portion of the town is built on the side of the railway line nearest the goods-sheds; but this, unfortunately for the occupants of the various stores and hotels, happens to be the most exposed portion of the place, for so far as the dust is concerned, and they receive the full benefit of the atomic clouds of dust that frequently permeate the atmosphere.

There is no court-house in the town at present, the court being held in a small room in the town. There is a police camp situated in the outskirts of the town....with two permanent members.

[ Problems with the water supply ] means that most of the water used for household purposes is brought up by rail from Narramine, on the Macquarie River, and retailed to such of the inhabitants as wish to become possessors of the same at the rate of 1d per gallon, a price forming a serious item of expense to hotel-keepers and others, who use large quantities. As far as watering the horses, Mulga Creek furnishes the bulk used for that purpose.

The Royal Hotel, the property of Messrs. Harrison and Murrell, is situated on the left-hand side of the railway, and almost opposite the new railway station now being constructed .The accomodation is first-class; there are a good number of well furnished bedrooms, also two large dining-rooms. In addition to the hotel, the proprietors have a commodious place at Mulga Creek, which is very suitable for families. It possesses a plentiful supply of water from a tank and dam, which causes it to be well patronised by passing teamsters. It is situated one and a half miles from Byrock to the west, on the main road from Cobar to Bourke.

Another establishment of like character is O'Grady's Byrock Hotel [Gaz. has Harrison in charge 1885-1887, with O'Grady taking over in 1888], which is well fitted, and possesses good sized dining and sitting rooms, together with a number of comfortable bedrooms.The hotel is close to Cobb and Co.'s booking office, and is very handy to the railway station. Liquors of all the best brands are kept on hand, and every attention paid to the convenience of the visitors. In the rear of the building are large and extensive stables.
( Town and Country Journal, March 21, 1885, p.600.)


Caledonian Hotel, Broken Hill.

Marshall built this hotel in 1890 but was refused a license for the premises. The reasons given for this refusal sound very much the same as those offered today - there was no need for another hotel in the area; it would be next door to the police station and close to two churches (Dansie). Undeterred, he used the building for a butcher's shop until his publican's application was finally granted in 1898.

For a photo and description of the building - See :;place_id=558


Caledonian Hotel, Hay

The undersigned begs respectfully to return thanks to the inhabitants of Hay district, for the very liberal patronage bestowed upon him since opening the above Hotel. He has now retired from the business in favour of Mr Breheny, whom he now recommends to his late customers as a gentleman in every way fit to supply his place, and to
conduct the business in first-class style
CHARLES COX, Aug. 25th, 1871
Has much pleasure in announcing that he has purchased the business lately carried on by Mr Cox, at the Caledonian Hotel, Hay. His determination is that the Caledonian shall be and continue the best Family Hotel in the district. From long experience in first-class business, he is perfectly conversant with the mode of conducting the same, and his endeavour will be to make the Caledonian Hotel, Hay, a place where the travelling public will feel glad to come, where they may be thoroughly rested and refreshed, and where they may spend a few days most agreeably
The stabling is excellent. and the very best feed in the district will always be found at the stables of the Caledonian, Hay
Only the very finest liquors purchased and served at the Caledonian Hotel, Hay
The House, where the gentlemen of the district put up is - "The Caledonian Hotel, Hay."
( Hay Standard, Nov. 1, 1871, All one Advertisement.)

Mr Cox has commenced a large brick addition to his celebrated hotel, which will add materially to its usefulness. The new works include two bed-rooms, two parlors, and a public room 43 ft. by 20 ft., which will be divided into two large rooms by a moveable partition, serving ordinarily for a billiard-room and large parlor, and on extraordinary occasions for ball-room or for public meetings. Mr Cox expects these new works to be finished by Christmas. Among the many recent improvements at the Caledonian we noticed especially the bath-room and pumping machinery. When in England Mr Cox purchased a treble-action pump and horse-works, which he has fitted up, and by an extensive reticulation of pipes the water is forced everywhere on the premises where wanted. The bath is worth looking at for its solidity and novelty, being made of brick-work cemented so that it will last without need of repair for ages. Altogether, it would be a treat for some of our wealthy squatters, who are about to build fine houses, to look over the Caledonian at Hay.
( The Riverine Grazier, Nov. 12, 1873.)

Select concerts are to be given at the new hall of Mr Cox's Caledonian Hotel, under the patronage of Frank Johns, Esq., Mayor, on the Hay New Year's race nights, Thursday and Friday, 1st and 2nd January. From the length of the programme, and the talent that will appear, we anticipate a treat. The Hay Minstrels are to appear, and these "Knights of the Burnt Cork" are, we believe, fully capable of giving a satisfactory entertainment. We noticed the names of several old favourites in the programme, and wish them a bumper house.
( The Riverine Grazier, Dec. 31, 1873.)

Respectfully thanks the gentlemen of the Riverina for their liberal patronage since the re-opening of the Caledonian Hotel.
The premises have been CONSIDERABLY ENLARGED and IMPROVED,
and visitors will find the utmost attention paid to their comfort.
(Wagga Wagga Advertiser, July 10th, 1875.)

Begs to intimate that he has purchased the Old-established Hotel, and to announce
that he will spare no effort to maintain its reputation as one of the most
Large Sample and Billiard Rooms
Hot and cold plunge and shower baths
Commodious Stabling
All best brands of Wine and Spirits Stocked
Cabs to and from the Railway Station.
                                                                       J.T. Barnett, Proprietor.
( The Riverine Grazier, Hay, Jan. 3, 1899, Advertisement.)


Caloola Hotel, Euriowie see Yanco Glen Hotel.

Canonba Hotel.

John Brown was born in Suffolk, England, in 1808, and came to Australia in 1821. As a young man he explored the course of the Macquarie River, and several creeks flowing into the Bogan. Much of this country was one day to become his own. In 1848, two years after Mitchell's visit, he took up a Crown Lease of land to which he gave the native name "Carringbung"...... corrupted to "Canonbar"....... Eventually (this grew to be) one of the largest and most prosperous properties in the west. He built his own private village, alongside the little township of Canonba, erecting a fine two-storey brick home, a hotel (Canonba Hotel), and a store, the complex being known as Brownstown. Meanwhile, the official village of Canonba had grown apace in order to serve the needs of the teams and coaches travelling from Dubbo to Bourke. There were three or four banks, four hotels (Commercial, Royal, Elmswood, and Canonba Hotels), various stores,...police station,, ...churches. By 1881 there were 472 people residing in Canonba...... John Brown sold his properties and retired to Emu Plains where he died in 1888. .....With the completion of the railway line to Nyngan in 1883.....the life blood of Canonba village was drained away.
( Nyngan Historical Society, Nyngan on the Bogan - Information supplied by P.J. & H.S. Woodstock on NSW-WEST on 10th July, 2003.)


Canowindra Inn, Canowindra.

Annual Licensing Meeting at Molong in April 1853. Edward GODFREY granted the license of the Canowindra Inn, Canowindra, Molong District.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, Apr 1853)

No 204 Edward GODFREY issued Publican's License for the "Canowindra Inn", at Canowindra, District of Molong. Sureties each giving 50: Isaac CLEMENTS of Molong; Edward COADY of Molong.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April to May 1854).

Carrier's Arms Hotel, Booligal.

Licensing Meeting, Tues. 16th April, 1872. Mrs Whiteus applied for the License of the Carrier's Arms, Booligal and was opposed by police......She is the widow of John Whiteus, and the House, the one that he held in his lifetime; Mrs Whiteus was the manager of the House and whatever scandal brought forward would have to be proved . License opposed because he had permitted music in an unlicensed (for music) place. .....Objection removed, and the concert room made part of the public house.....and so under the control of the Bench (for the purpose of granting an entertainment license)....Police withdrew their objection and the transfer of the Publican's License to Mrs Whiteus was granted.
( Hay Standard, April 17, 1872.)


Carrier's Arms Hotel, Bourke.

Although the Carrier's Arms is not open today, it is a hotel with a remarkable history. Built in 1879 ( The Gaz. has the License from 1877) it was the pub of Henry Lawson during his stay in Bourke. In his poems, this was the "Union Hotel", and "Watty" was the publican. In those days Cobb and Co stationed their horses next door and this was the pick up place for passengers to Hungerford.
( Pubs of the Past and Present in Bourke, Tourist Guide, Bourke Visitors' Centre.)
( See also Tattersall's Hotel, Bourke.)

For a description of the hotel, and its connection with the militant union movement of the shearers in the 1890s -
See :;place_id=19054


Carrier's Arms Hotel, Byrock.

About the Publicans :- The first license to Peter Crane 15/7/1884; Crane had Lot 6, Sec.77, Village of Byrock. West had Lots 2 & 9, Sec.66. 1886 License John Willock, a butcher, who had had the "Royal" at Gongolgon. Houlahan had Lot 1, Sec.66.
( Cameron W.J., History of Bourke, Vol.VI, 1977, p.22.)


Carrier's Arms Hotel, Nevertire see Ingar Hotel.


Carrier's Arms Hotel, Nyngan.

Nymagee Street, Nyngan
JOHN NELSON, Proprietor
None but the Best Liquors Retailed
Committee Rooms of the Nyngan P.& A. Association
Civility and Attention
The patronage of the publicc respectfully solicited
( Cobar and Louth Herald, Cobar, July 30,1892, Advertisement.)



Carrothool (Currathool) Hotel

On or after the 1st January, 1872, all liquors at the above Hotel will be sixpence per glass, excepting Hennessy's pale brandy
                                                                                 MRS LEDWIDGE
( Hay Standard, March 27, 1872.)


Central Australian Hotel, Bourke

Opposite Passenger Station
W. Gale, Proprietor
The above Hotel is replete with every modern convenience, and is specially designed and furnished for ladies and families
SPLENDID STABLING, with numerous Loose Boxes
One of ALCOCK'S BEST BILLIARD TABLES, in a well-lighted and appointed room.
( Western Herald and Darling River Advocate, Aug. 8, 1888, Advertisement.)

Castlereagh Inn, Goolabargbean.

No 13 Isaac HYLAND issued with Publican's License for the "Castlereagh Inn", Goolabargbean, Dubbo District. Sureties each giving 50: John WESTON of Goolabargbean; [?] of Dubbo.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April to May 1854).

Centennial Hotel, Broken Hill.

The small cellar under the hotel was said by Dansie to be used as a waiting room for passengers waiting to board the stage coach in Broken Hill at the turn of the century.

Central Australian Hotel, Granites Rush (Tibooburra).

The Granite diggings, or Tibooburra, lies north from Milparinka, thirty miles.....want of water has retarded the growth of the town considerably. In 1882 the township had four hotels - Central Australian, Tattersall's, Tibooburra and Hibernian - five stores, a branch of the Commercial Bank, two butchers, two bakers and a chemist....Most of the buildings were of wood or galvanized iron. The population was about 250. ( Town and Country Journal, September 23, 1882.)

The Central Australian Hotel, Briscoe St, Tibooburra, first licensed in September of 1881, was the first hotel built at the Granites Rush or Tibooburra as it came to be known. This September license was not noted in the Gazette until 1882. It was delicensed in 1931 and converted to a store by Wilf Davis, and Hoben's store today comprises part of it. [Gerritsen]

Cliffs Hotel, Tolarno.

In about 1862 ( the Irish brothers ) William and Ross Reid secured another property about 200 miles north of Wentworth to which the native term "Tolarno" was given. Not large at first..(but) 1864 the Reid brothers held pastoral leases over three-quarters of a million acres in the Darling District. Tolarno was the collective name for sixteen runs - Bolivia, Gunpanoola, Gal Gal Range, Gunpongulla, Huco, Morte, Malingah, Porcupine, Pruella, Tyndiah, Toorincaca, Underthee, and Outer, South, East and Warnbah Proper.....Annual Rent 412......Carrying capacity 48,000 sheep and 2,560 cattle. With 45 miles of frontage to the Darling River itself, Tolarno Station extended 60 miles inland as far as Boolaboolka Lake, sometimes mistakenly called Bulla Bullla or Bulla Bullen Lake, which had a width of twenty miles. In addition, there were several smaller lakes supplemented by fifteen man-made tanks for sheep and eight for horses.

Ross Reid married Lucy Reynell in 1868 ( and took her back to Tolarno ). The house they built was large....The number of outbuildings scattered around "the big house" must have made the place seem like a small village. There were offices, stables, stores, bachelors' quarters, cartsheds, a blacksmiths and a saddlers shop, and a chaff store. A new woolshed built ten years later cost 3,506. The station also owned two hotels - the "Victoria" and the "Tolarno" ( ??The Cliffs Hotel ) - which were leased at 120 per annum in 1892 - and provided overnight accommodation for the steamboat passengers.

(In the late 1870s) Tolarno was valued at 152,625. ( Moore Peter L., Pride of the Hills, p.19 & pp.24-25, p.40.)

There were two hotels on Tolarno Station - the Cliffs Hotel at Tartna Point and the Victoria Hotel. Dansie has the redgum slab Cliffs Hotel, being briefly called the Tolarno Hotel, and opening in 1870; the Cliffs Hotel on the south of Tolarno Station actually opened four years earlier in 1866. The Gazette has no mention of the Tolarno Hotel. The Victoria Hotel opened in 1873. Dansie has the Victoria Hotel closing in 1904 with T.D.Kenny being the last publican.

The license for the Cliffs Hotel at Tartna Point, Menindie was surrendered by William Field in June 1898. Ted and Ettie (nee Barraclough) Baker then moved there, and it became the basis for their property Harcourt. (Barraclough, Linda and Josianne Smith. Kapana, A Place on the River)

Club Hotel, Wilcannia.

If there is one word to describe the Club Hotel, Wilcannia, then it is "lively". The handsome, two-storeyed sandstone building is one of Wilcannia's earliest, dating back to 1867. The town had its pub before it had a police station, court house or church. The pub met the requirements of all these buildings to the point that a person could be arrested downstairs in the bar for drunkenness, taken to court in a room upstairs and charged, then to church in the room across the hall ( for the repenting of sins if need be ) then back downstairs to the bar to start all over again. Wilcannia's old records show that quite a few made the "round trip".
( Newell Rex, Famous Australian Pubs p.76.)


Club House Hotel, Bourke.

The Club House Hotel in Bourke was owned by members of the Robinson family around the early 1900s. Elizabeth Mary Smith worked there as a housemaid 1910-1915 (Jac: email christo1[at] )


Club House Hotel, Hillston.

T.R. JACKSON, Proprietor
Best Brands of Wines and Spirits always in stock. Booking Office for Selby and Butcher's Royal Mail Line of Coaches to Booligal, Euabalong, and Lake Cudgellico.
( The Spectator, Aug. 20, 1892, Advertisement.)


Club House Hotel, Warren.

Warren has Alexander's store of brick, several hotels, five stores, butchery, bakery, saddlery, chemist shop, bank, and a large number of well-built edifices. Dr Faulkiner has a large practice...Warren is the emporium of the Lower Macquarie.
( Town and Country Journal, December 13, 1875.)


Coach and Horses Hotels
1876 Mitchell District; Wilcannia.
1877 Wilcannia District; Paroo Road.
1878 Bourke District; Paroo Road. and Warramurtie Hotel.

Based on the publicans he has named, Dansie claims that the three listings above for the Coach and Horses Hotel are for the one hotel; this hotel being at Warramurtie on the Wilcannia to Wanaaring road about 60 miles north-east of White Cliffs.

From 1886 through to at least 1900 the hotel was known as the Warramurtie Hotel.

Dansie's claim that this same hotel was also called the Tongo Hotel and the Nipper's Creek Hotel cannot be correct.

The Coach and Horses / Warramurtie Hotel has a continual list of licensees from 1877 through to at least 1900.

At the same time, the Tongo Hotel, at Tongo Lake, is licensed from 1878 through to 1887.

The Nipper's Creek Inn/Hotel is licensed to Joseph Murphy from 1887 to 1888 at Momba, and continuing from 1889 through to at least 1900 at Nipper's Creek. Dansie gives Murphy the license 1894 to 1917 for the hotel that was known in 1917 as the Tongo Hotel.


Coalley Hotel, Coalley on Milparinka to Wilcannia road.

Dansie claimed that the Coalley Hotel was opened in 1889, however Henenroeder had the first license in 1887.


Cobham Lake Hotel.

Dansie gives the exact location of the Cobham Lake Hotel as 127km north of Fowler's Gap on the Broken Hill to Tibooburra Road at the junction of the White Cliffs to Tibooburra Road. He has it opening with Blore in 1882. It was the first hotel in the Corner Country and in fact was opened earlier - in 1879 with Blore the builder of the hotel holding the license 1879-1880/81. Blore was followed by:
Sampson 1882-1885/6 (Dansie: 1882-1887);
Clark 1886/7(who is omitted by Dansie);
Smith 1887-1889/90 (Dansie: 1887-1892);
Heather 1890 (omitted by Dansie);
Alfred Ernest Dyer 1891-1894/5 (Dansie:1892-1900);
Albert Ernest Dyer 1895-1899 (Dansie; see above)
Charles Agett 1900/01-? (Dansie: Ernest Agett 1900-1903);
[Dansie has Peter Minahan 1903-1904.]

Gerritsen mentions that near the hotel there is a headstone of 32 year old Eliza Kennedy who died 6th January 1886; she was the hotel's housekeeper, a married woman who suffered from fits.

Cobar Hotel, Cobar.

Long before we saw the lights of Cobar...our olfactory organs were offended by a strong smell of sulphur, that chemical being largely used during the process of smelting....The town of Cobar has a population estimated at something over 3,000 souls, including about 800 children; this, it is asserted, would be much larger, if water were more plentiful, as most of the miners leave their families behind them on that account.....There are only two Government tanks, one closely fenced in for domestic use, and the other for stock....A reservoir has recently been completed by the mining company, is capable of holding 400,000 yards of water.

Of the 15 general stores in Cobar, that of Messrs. Barton and Gould stands out prominent, and of the eight hotels, those of Mrs Hayes and Messrs. Morrison (Cobar Hotel) and Monaghan; neither ought I to forget Mr Wright's Coffee Palace, where music, literature, edibles and amusements are provided............

Every Saturday evening Morrison and Monaghan's hotel is made lively by the strains issuing from the brazen throats of the Cobar amateur band, which number 12 members, most, if not all, are connected with the mine, as are also the members of the drum and fife band, which I have not had the pleasure of hearing.
( Town and Country Journal, Nov.5, 1881, p.890.)

Cobar owes its existence as a town largely to the Great Cobar Copper Mine, Although the pastoral properties have also contributed in a great measure to make it a fairly prosperous settlement. It is situated on the direct road from Dubbo to Wilcannia; the railway township with which it does the most business being Nyngan, eighty-two miles to the south-east..... There are nine hotels, the principal ones being the Cobar and the Commercial, both of which, as in several others, visitors will meet with a cordial welcome, and good accommodation
( Town and Country Journal, April 28, 1888, p.862.)

COBAR          HOTEL
( Late of the Royal and Post Office Hotels, Louth.)
Having leased the above hostelery from Mr Morrison, begs to assure his friends and the people generally, that no effort on his part will be spared to make the house second to none in the district
A BUS runs to meet all arriving and departing trains. NO CHARGE made to visitors to the House
Booking Office for Francisco's Louth and Wilcannia Coaches
( Cobar and Louth Herald, July 30,1892, Advertisement.)


Burglars in Cobar.
Mr H.J. Edgar of the Cobar Hotel has been singularly unfortunate of late. On Sunday morning last he......found a small safe containing money and papers had been stolen..... It was only last week that Mr Edgar's till was rifled, and he is inclined to connect the two thefts with the same persons.
( Western Herald and Darling River Advocate, May 15, 1893.)


Commercial Hotel, Bourke District, Jandra Station.

John T. Connell - Publican of Commercial Hotel 1898-1899/1900.
My grandfather, John T. Connell, was born in Mt Doran, a gold mining area south of Ballarat. His father Richard was an engineer involved in railway building and water works.By 1880 Richard had moved to western NSW, had worked on the Lachlan river water scheme and was involved in accessing artesian water through bores. In 1887 Richard and John were at Wanaaring and earlier at Urisino. John independently became a boring contractor. In 1893 he was at Tinapagee and later at Yantabulla (1905). In 1909 he was at Caiwarro (where my father was born). John married Mary Hogan at Hungerford in 1905.

In 1918, they retired from the boring business and bought a store in Ford's Bridge. The business expanded into a hotel, general store and Post Office. John died in 1923 and is buried in Bourke cemetery. John was a very religious man and was referred to by the people of Ford's Bridge as Father.

Mary continued to run the business and became a JP in 1925. She moved to Wongarbon Post Office in 1938 and retired to Sydney in about 1960. She died in Neutral Bay in 1976 aged 92 and is buried in Sydney.

My father was the Postmaster at Louth 1950-52.
(Bob Connell: email bob.commell[at]

An accident, which happily has not ended fatally, occurred to Mr John Connell, the well-known licensee of the Commercial Hotel at Jandra on Tuesday last. Mr Connell was leaving the hotel with a loaded gun in his hand intending to shoot pigeons which are very numerous about the hotel grounds. While walking out Mr Connell accidentally brought the gun in contact with a chair in the bar of the hotel and which striking the hammer discharged the contents of the barrel with the result that the shot entered the lower portion of one side of his face inflicting an apparently very severe and ghastly wound........The patient is recovering rapidly......... ( Bourke Banner, May 13, 1899.)


Commercial Hotel, Broken Hill.

The Union T.M. Syndicate - A Meeting will be held at Ledgard's (Commercial) Hotel on Wednesday evening the 22nd inst., to settle Memorandum of Association and settle any other business which may be brought forward. Justin McCarthy, Secretary.

Hotel sale - It is rumored that negotiations are in progress for the sale of Ledgard's Commercial Hotel to a well-known Adelaide hotel-keeper. Sale of above has been concluded to Mr Durant formerly of the Australian Club Hotel, South Australia.
( Gaz. has Ledgard to 1890, followed by Kenny - no mention of Durant.)
( Broken Hill Argus, March 17 & 23, 1888.)

Fire Brigade - Affairs in connection with the local brigade are progressing satisfactorily. A thorough canvas of the town for subscriptions will shortly take place, and there is not the least doubt that the public will liberally respond to an appeal for this laudible object. Mr Durrant, of the Commercial Hotel, has kindly offered the brigade the use of Cummins' Hall, for the purpose of practice.
( Ibid. April 30th, 1888.)

An old negro named Daniel Webster, in the employ of Mr Durrant, of the Commercial Hotel, while crossing the back yard of that hostelry, tripped over some wood in the dark last evening, and had his shoulder severly dislocated. It was a very unfortunate accident as Webster is nearly 70 years of age.
( Ibid June 13th, 1888.)
( See also  Silver King Hotel, Broken Hill.)


Commercial Hotel, Cobar - See Cobar Hotel.


Commercial Hotel, Hillston area.

Lake Cudgellico
First Class Accommodation for all Classes.
Best Brands of Wines and Spirits always in Stock.
Good Stabling and attentive Grooms. The only GRASS PADDOCK near the town.
( The Spectator, Aug. 20, 1892.)


Commercial Hotel, Wagga Wagga

COMMERCIAL HOTEL, Fitzmaurice St., Wagga Wagga
Begs to inform his friends and the public generally that he has taken the above named Central and Commodious premises, where visitors may depend upon meeting with every courtesy and attention
First Class STABLING
J.C. McA. Will make it his especial study that every branch of the business shall be sufficiently supervised and carried out on a liberal scale
( Wagga Wagga Advocate, Oct. 17, 1868, Advertisement.)


BOWEN and McALISTER are prepared to LET HORSES and BUGGIES for HIRE; And from this date, all Horses, Buggies, &c., will be charged for
(Wagga Wagga Advertiser, Dec. 14th, 1874, Advertisement)

On and after 1st April, H.A. Crawford and Co.'s Coach will leave the Commercial Hotel daily at 6 a.m. (Sundays excepted).
Returning leaves the Imperial and Exchange Hotel, Albury for Wagga daily at 6 a.m. (Sundays excepted).
H.A. CRAWFORD & CO., Proprietors
( Wagga Wagga Advertiser, July 10, 1875, Advertisement)


Commercial Hotel, Walgett.

In the 1880s Walgett had two newspapers, but only one place of worship - an Anglican church. When two Catholics, Patrick Callaghan and Martha Elizabeth Saunders, were to be married, the ceremony was performed by the priest in the Commercial Hotel, Walgett, with the long-term publican, John Staunton, acting as one of the witnesses. (Informant - Bernice Callaghan).

Commercial Hotel, Wellington.

For a photograph and description of the hotel
see :;place_id=14334


Commercial Hotel, Wentworth.

When I was eleven years of age I watched the the Commercial Hotel and Rendlesham House being built. The hotel was built by Mr John Leary. My father, Jerry Haynes, carted the sand from over near the old gaol for a Mr Galfield who was the contractor.
(An Autobiography by 91 year old Sarah Pannan nee Haynes, South Western Standard, Vol. 7, No.318.)

Meeting of Selectors.
A Meeting of Homestead Lessees, Selectors and others was held at the Commercial Hotel on 31st October. Business of the Meeting : Sir Joseph Abbott, when there three years ago, had advocated extension because the land did not carry the same stock as formerly,.... deterioration due no doubt to drought, and in many cases, to overstocking. Here was an immense tract of land, useless in its present state, and only a breeding ground for vermin, and his contention was that any man with a river frontage block should be allowed to take up a certain amount in conjunction with his present holdings. Blocks of it can be obtained now, but only as Improved Leases, but settlers have an objection to the system, as also to Annual Leasing, because their tenure is uncertain. They should be able to take up this land under as simple a system as possible, and should have tenant rights in Improvements.

Since 1884, when the Land Bill was presented for Homestead Leases, wool had fallen in value about 30-35% and the value of stock fully 50%, while the carrying capacity of the country had also fallen 50%, so that what might have been regarded as an ample area in 1884 is a useless one in 1898. (J.B. Abbott - on the Cabinet when Land Bill presented.)
( Federal Standard and Western District Advocate, Nov. 12, 1898.)

The Annual General Meeting of the Wentworth Racing Club will be held at the Commercial Hotel on December 5th.
( Federal Standard, Wentworth, Nov. 26, 1898.)


Takes this opportunity of informing his Friends and the Public generally that he has taken
Best Brands of Liquor only kept
( The Federal Standard, Wentworth, March 11, 1899.)


By E.W. Brady.

He was selling drink was Leary,
From the land of Tiperary,
Where the little Shamrock's leaves unfold.
He was selling drink was Leary,
To the wandering west and weary,
But he seldom touched the poison that he sold.

And the western fellows knew him,
And they mostly travelled to him
When they went upon the spree.
You could bet this much on Leary
From the land of Tiperary,
That his grog would safe and honest be.

If in course you got a head on,
He would never set you dead on;
He would simply try to put you out.
If you got as broke as blazes,
He would curse you in loud phrases,
Give you honest good advice - and shout.

If you ever met with Leary,
From the land of Tiperary,
Where the little emerald shamrock roots,
You will know beneath his jacket,
Where there's room enough to pack it
That his heart is even bigger than his boots.

( Federal Standard, April 18, 1908.)


Compadore Hotel.

Winbar is one of the largest properties on the Darling and contains 280,260 acres ( Annual rental - 1,751-12-6 ) . The woolshed, which covers several acres of ground, is known as Compadore. The Compadore Hotel is about a mile from the woolshed.
( The Sydney Mail, April 21, 1894.)


Conargo Hotel, Deniliquin District, at Conargo.

Many believe that the origin of the bunyip myth lies in the fact that from time to time seals have made their way from the sea up the Murray and Darling Rivers to live for a time in the inland billabongs and lagoons. Bill Beatty  (A Treasury of Australian Folk Tales and Traditions) tells of a seal that was shot in a lagoon near Conargo prior to 1870. It was stuffed and remained over the mantlepiece of the Conargo Hotel for many years. It would have travelled over nine hundred miles inland along the streams of the Murray basin.


Cooleyarbooro Hotel, Wanaaring Road.

On a homestead lease, Mr Sibraa has created a most comfortable and capacious hotel, the license for which is expected to be issued next month. The internal arrangements and management of this house will, without doubt, be fully in keeping with its structural completeness. Although at present compelled to draw water from the Warrego, 12 miles away, Mr Sibraa has a tank excavated so that when rain falls this will prove another and most suitable stopping place.
( Western Herald and Darling River Advocate, Aug. 25, 1888.)


Corona Hotel, Old Corona see Yanco Glen Hotel.

Court House Hotel, Cobar.

At midnight on Sunday a terrible fire broke out in Crow's buildings, Barton Stret, Cobar, utterly destroying in one hour Crow's Court House Hotel, and shops of Roberts, grocer; McAppion's refreshment saloon; McMain, tailor; Meek, draper; and Jones and Peterson, agents. With great difficulty the fire was isolated by residents who worked like heros, otherwise half Cobar would have been burnt. The Commercial Bank, a baker's shop and a newspaper office narrowly escaped. Mrs Crow's loss is covered by insurance. The rest lost their all. A subscription list is going round for the sufferers, who were accommodated temporarily by the police. The loss is estimated at 3,000.
( Western Herald and Darling River Advocate, Sept.4, 1895.)


Court House Hotel, Forbes

L. VANDENBERG, Proprietor
The above Hotel is situated opposite the Court House, and the Proprietor, having spared no expense in furnishing and making additions to the same, hopes, by strict attention and civility, to ensure a fair patronage from his friends and the public generally. The comfort is unsurpassed by any of the leading hotels in the colony
Good Stabling under an Experienced and Careful Groom
( Wagga Wagga Advertiser, July 10th, 1875.)


Criterion Hotel, Broken Hill.

James Coombe, a livery and stable proprietor of Silverton, was in January of 1888, the original licensee of the Criterion Hotel. Dansie claims that the hotel name was changed to the Australian Club Hotel by October of the same year with Coombe still holding the license for the stone and brick premises on the eastern corner of Argent and Sulphide streets; the Australia Club Hotel continuing on the site until it was voluntarily delicensed in 1941 with Emma Resch being the final licensee. However this ignores the fact that the Criterion Hotel, starting with Coombe, is listed in the Gazette as a separate licensed premises to at least 1900.


Criterion Hotel, Murrumburrah.

First Class Wines and Spirits
Good Accommodation
Superior Stabling
Miles MURPHY, Proprietor.
( Wagga Wagga Advocate, Oct. 17, 1868, Advertisement.)


Crooked Billet, Bigga, Carcor District.

No 682 Annual Licensing Meeting at Carcor in April 1853.
License issued to Thomas McGUINNESS for the "Crooked Billet", Bigga, Carcor District.
Sureties each giving 50: Solomon MYER of Carcor, Storekeeper; Bernard [? Stimpson] of West Carcor, Storekeeper.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April 1853)

No 135 Publican's License issued to Thomas McGUINNESS for the "Crooked Billet", Bigga.
(Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April 1854-March 1855)


Crown Hotel, Broken Hill

For a description of the building
See :;place_id=559


Crown Hotel, Hay

WINES, SPIRITS, and PORTER, of the Finest Brands. Good Hotel Accommodation, and first-class stabling under the care of an attentive groom
( The Hay Standard, Nov. 1, 1871, Advertisement.)

William Carter was charged with permitting music in his licensed house (Crown Hotel, Hay), on Thursday last. He was defended by Mr Reed, who put Mr Florack in the box, and proved that Florack is the lessee of the concert room, and that there is no direct communication between the public house and the concert room. The case was dismissed.
( Hay Standard, Nov. 27, 1871.)

Above Tattersall's is the Crown Hotel, carried on by Mr W. Carter. It is also a good brick building, having twenty-two rooms; and a large Assembly Hall, as the Adelphi Theatre, where travelling theatrical parties give entertainments. It is a capital room, is supplied by a few good scenes, which being of a general character, are made to answer almost any play ranging from Shakespeare to Boucicault.
( Town and Country Journal, Sept. 14, 1872, "A Tour to the South", Article supplied by Hay Historical Society.)

The well-known Mr Burgess, with other professionals and amateurs, are to give performances in Mr Carter's Lyceum Theatre, at the Crown Hotel, during the New Year holidays. The play-going public may expect a treat, judging by the amusing strain of the play-bill issued. Last Friday and Saturday the above company played to excellent audiences, and good houses may be looked for this week.
( The Riverine Grazier, Dec. 31, 1873.)

On Thursday night, Mr Carter, of the Crown Hotel, went down to his cellar in the dark for a bottle of liquor; he put his hand to where the bottle lay, but touched a snake instead; whereupon he struck a light, and let drive at his snakeship, which he succeeded in killing; it measured four feet long, and was of the carpet species.
( Riverine Grazier, Jan. 14, 1874.)

The Rice Troupe.
The Rice Troupe have returned to Hay for the Race time. They played to a good house at Mr Carter's Crown Hotel on Monday night and will play again tonight and during the week. They are a respectable-looking company, and well spoken-of as catering for public amusement.
( Riverine Grazier, April 22, 1874.)


W. Carter, being about to retire from his present Business, begs to offer his present Public House at Hay, known as the
FOR SALE     or     TO LET
The House is situated in the centre of the principal street in the town, right opposite the Bank, Court House,
and the Post Office, and doing a first-rate business
This is beyond all question, the most valuable property in Hay, and will be a certain fortune to a businessman
Apply to the Proprietor, W. CARTER, Hay


MR PETER HALBISH respectfully announces that he has leased the "Crown Hotel," Hay,
and will take possession on the 1st of July. He is determined to do his best for his Patrons, to supply first-class Wines and Spirits, and to make visitors as comfortable as they can wish to be. He hopes, therefore, to receive a liberal and extensive patronage at the "Crown Hotel."
( Riverine Grazier, June 17, 1874, Advertisement.)


Good Accommodation for Squatters, Drovers, Commercial Travellers, &c.,
First-class stabling uder the management of careful groom
.N.B. - Splendid grass paddocks Free


Crown Hotel, Menindie see Menindie Hotel.


Crown Hotel, Wentworth.

When registering the birth of his son Robert at Wentworth on 12th December, 1862, William Gunn described himself as "Innkeeper".
(Information supplied by Wentworth Historical Society.)

Our Police Magistrate, Colonel Russell, leaves tomorrow morning. He had a farewell dinner at Gunn's Crown Hotel.
( Deniliquin Times, 19th June, 1869. Article supplied by Wentworth Historical Society.)

"When Sarah was away, I used to milk our goats for we had a nice little flock. I sold the milk to Mrs Gunn of the Crown Hotel, for Wentworth now has two hotels. Milk was 6d a pint. I also swept and tidied up the Court House every morning for which I got 10 a year."
Written by a member of the Kerridge family, who came out from England to the Lake Victoria Station, and then on to Wentworth in 1860.
( The Kerridge Papers, held by the Wentworth Historical Society.) ( Note from Maud Crang of the Wentworth Historical Society - this would be the old 1863, rather than the 1880 Court House.)

There are many fine hotels in Wentworth. One of these, the Crown which I put up at, is excellently conducted by Mr W. Gunn. The spacious building is of brick, containing nearly 30 rooms, beside a fine billiard-room fitted with two tables etc. Large brick stables are at the rear. Mr Gunn is the owner of several steamers, the finest of which is the Queen. He had the pleasure of entertaining Prince Alfred on board this steamer, in Lake Alexandrina on his visit to Adelaide.
( Town and Country Journal, September 28, 1872.)

Having seen the above articles it is obvious that Dansie must be wrong when he claims that the Crown Hotel, on the south-west corner of Sandwych and Darling Streets, was opened by Gunn in 1872. William Gunn held the license from at least 1865, when I started copying licenses from the Gazette; he maintained this license through to 1882/3. Despite saying that Gunn opened the hotel in 1872, Dansie gives Gunn the license only for 1874-1883.

Although Wentworth was not proclaimed a municipality till 1879, it is now (c.1885) one of the most important inland centres of New South Wales, yearly increasing in commercial prosperity......A block from the river bank and we are in the main street of Wentworth. A good roadway, broad side-walks planted with shade trees, red-brick houses and stores and white-painted weatherboard cottages, a smart "spic and span" appearance about everything, the surroundings essentially solvent.......The clean and comfortable Crown Hotel, with its broad verandah and balcony and courteous landlord, is a sign of civilisation most pleasing to meet with. There are only two other hostelries in Wentworth. But there are four places of worship - Roman Catholic, Church of England, Wesleyan, and Presbyterian. The liquor sold in the inns is good, and there is also a fine Christian spirit amongst the clergy here. They fight the devil shoulder to shoulder, instead of quarrelling about "isms" amongst themselves. It is with great pleasure that I meet the Wesleyan parson in the house of Father Campion, and see the entente cordiale which exists between them.......

The monotony of life here is varied by the inevitable race meetings, and by numerous bazaars, and amateur concerts, and dramatic entertainments in aid of any object likely to attract a crowd. This object is not always one that I approve of. For instance, the other day there was a bazaar in aid of the racing club, an institution whose appeal to the public for help in this manner was responded to liberally, whilst at the same time there is no hospital in Wentworth, and the cemetery is in a disgraceful state. The living and the dead and decency are neglected; but Vive le sport ! They have a nice new gaol here with every accommodation for criminals; and there is none for the sick and suffering. ( Across the Border, by the Vagabond; At Wentworth, c.1885.)

Last Saturday evening, at about 8 o'clock, a hanging lamp burst in the upstairs passage at the Crown Hotel. Mr Lebgard and Mr McDonald happened to be talking at the foot of the stairs and so were soon on the spot, as was Mr Hay and Mr Atkinson, and between them , the fire, that must have resulted had they not been near at hand, was averted. ( Federal Standard, Wentworth, March 3, 1900.)

Meeting of Landholders.
One of the most influential and representative meetings ever held in this town was held in the Crown Hotel Assembly room on Thusday morning.The meeting had been previously advertised as invitations by circular and otherwise issued by the Secretary, Mr A. Ledgard, to the various landholders in the district to attend, with the result that an area of something over 7,000,000 acres was represented personally and by proxy.

[This paragraph difficult to read] The Mayor, Mr John Leary, occupied the chair, and amongst those present were Messrs. A.F.Cudmore, Avoca; R.Warwick, Para; W.Darchy, Tarcoola; M.Darchy, "Connorgie"; G.A.Sharman, Lake Victoria; W.McL.Thomson, Noola; H.W.O'Donahoe, Tapio; J.Williams, W.Williams, Bellvue; M.Cullinan, Killeen; R.W.Jackson, Downham; J.Clymas, Kapana; G.James; J.Lush; L.(? Rehs)mann, Wilpataria; J.R.Buxton, Gol Gol; A.and J. Smyth, Nampoo; J.(??Hig....), Kulcurna; C.Barritt, Mallara; F.& A. Sands, Mallee Cliffs; C.G.McMahon; W.Bowring; C.R.Heath; W.J.Holding; A.Ledgard; and H.H.Woodhead, Wentworth.

Town and a particularly low ebb and work for the labouring man was scarce and at a standstill owing to the cessation and delay of improvement works, caused by the terrible devasting influence of the protracted droughts and other causes.........Decided to ask the Government to appoint a commission to inquire into the position of the landholders of the west. ..............Unsatisfactory state of some of the improvement clauses in the Land Act. A man might improve improve land not worth 2d to 5d an acre, but his rent was raised for so doing; it was unjust. should agitate for a fixed rent. ( Federal Standard, Wentworth, May 26, 1900.)

MRS JOHNS, Proprietress
The above First-class Hotel is the Oldest established,
Best appointed, and Largest in the Riverina District;
the various departments are under capable management, and its
accommodation is equal to any in the colony
Large Hall Available for Theatricals, Meetings, &c
The Best Stabling Accommodation in the Town
There is excellent accommodation for racehorses
Loose Boxes, &c, &c
A first-class Groom in attendance
(The Federal Standard, Wentworth, July 23, 1892, Advertisement.)


The townspeople are all bowing and trying to shake the hand of the only Governor of this colony ever to visit the town. Surrounded by the comforts of the Crown Hotel, the Governor and his party did not miss Sydney much. Up in Wentworth the diner has to keep one hand brisk fanning away the mosquitos - while the other he spares for his mouth with the object to get his food in. This is in summer and this is why Mrs Johns thoughtfully rabbit fences you in by hanging mosquito-proof doors.....your room; but then it is not everyone who thinks of that. The average publican expects to load you up at night to unconsciousness, and you sleep while the singing insect drills you out by morning. They take care of you at Wall's ( Royal Hotel ) also, and you don't lose much flesh there.
( The Sydney Mail, July 9, 1892.)

Wedding Bells.
A wedding took place last Wednesday afternoon, the happy couple being Mr Mark Williams and Miss Blanch Louisa Collins, both of whom had been employees of Moorna Station for a number of years past. The ceremony took place at the residence of Mrs McGeorge, Wentworth, the Rev. J.A. Walsh officiating. The bridal party included, in addition to the bride and the groom,Miss McGeorge, bridesmaid, and Mr H. Nicholls, groomsman. ...Friends and well-wishers included Mrs and Miss Crozier, Mrs Bath, mother of the bride, Mrs McGeorge, Mrs Perring, Mr R.F. Roberts......After the ceremony the party proceeded to the Crown Hotel, where a splendid wedding breakfast was waiting. This and a very handsome wedding cake, which adorned a beautifully arranged table, were given by Mrs Crozier in honour of the event. The bridal party left for Moorna the same afternoon.

The following is a list of the presents received:- Mrs Bath, very old sugar basin; Mrs Crozier, bedroom chest of drawers; Mr R.F. Roberts, cheque; the Misses Crozier, dinner set; Misses McMahon, cruet; W.D. Crozier, set of trays, carvers, bread-platter and knife, table cloth and butter-knife; Mrs McMillan, dresser; Mr and Mrs Endersby, tea pot; Mr W. Bright, breakfast set; Mr H. Nicholls, fender and irons; Mr J. Clark, dining-room clock; Hooper & Co.(Adelaide), cruet; A. Martin & Co., set of jam dishes and candle-stick .
( The Federal Standard, Wentworth, May 21, 1898.)

The Crown Hotel was multi functional - used both to conduct religious services and as a place to visit the doctor (Maxine Withers); the Scottish settlers built a manse for their minister in 1859, but held their services in the hotel until 1881.

The now demolished Crown Hotel, located on the south-west corner of Darling and Sandwych Streets, was the most ornate structure in the Shire. The two storey brick building was surrounded by a verandah and balcony, elaborately adorned with cast iron balastrading and frieze.
Wentworth Council, Heritage of the Wentworth Shire


Crown Hotel, Wilcannia see Crown and Anchor Hotel, Broken Hill, and Crown Hotel, Broken Hill.


Crown Inn, Burrowa.

No 805 Publican's License issued to T. PRESTON for the Crown Inn, Burrowa. (Butts and Certificates of Publicans' Licenses, April 1854-March 1855)


Crystal Hotel, Broken Hill.

Although the first mention of the Crystal Hotel in the Gazette is in 1889 with McCARTHY as the publican, Dansie has the hotel opening in July 1888 with Charles FISHER as the first publican. Fisher was hit on the head by a big rock when he was ejecting a patron who was normally a close friend. Fisher died on 31st January 1889 as a result of his injuries.

Dansie has the license for the hotel going to Alfred BARRETT in 1896; to John LOW also in 1896; to Thomas A. BYERLEE in 1897; and to James Robert CARR in 1899.

However the Gazette gives the license to William WILLIAMS in 1896; to Robert SAYERS in 1897; it agrees with BYERLEE in 1897 and extends his term to 1898/9. At the same time ie 1897-1898/9 it gives the license to Janet BLEECHMORE; it agrees with CARR for 1899.


Currothool Hotel see Carrothool Hotel


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