From Henry2 York.
Dear Friends, I now take my pen to write you a few lines, hoping they will find you all in health as it leaves us through mercey. Thinking you would be ancxous to know how we are doing.
I have 7 acres chopped, about five logged and cleared and into crop, wheat, potatoes and turnips. Have been at work at a new grist mill all the first part of this summer. I have now contracted to cut and clear out near 3 miles of road near my lot for the sum of 30 pounds, 7s cash. It was let by tenders. I have to hire some help, but shall make money by it.
I supose you are aware that M. Whitfield, who married Elise Saull, wrote to me for a little information respecting this township. I returned him an answer direct. Hope he has received it. If not, write again. Since I wrote to him, I have been informed by the government agent that there is a large tract of land to be given out as free grants of fifty acres to every actual settler.
The requirements are to settle on the lot within one month after getting the location ticket and clear and fence sixteen acres before getting the deed, and not to leave the lot more then one month at one time. Then a settler can claim the fee simple for him and his heiers forever or sell if he choose.
The government will clear out about 130 miles of road. The lots will have a front about 40 rod each, witch will secure about 8 settlers on each side this road, so that it will be like one street. I wish you to make this publick, as it may be relied on.
There are to partes out survaying the lots and I sincerley wish the industress working classes could availl themsellves of this oppertunity. Maney of them are looked on as a clog an the wheel or a dead weight on the parish who are struglling and toiling as it were, to live, and living onley to die, who might by coming here, in 3 years arrive at a state of independance witch they could not doe by living in England.
Some people are graitley alarmed at been thrown on their own resourses, and dare not come, if there was a gold mine on each grant, except there was a receiving officer on the first lot, a union work house to punish them on the second, a poor law comissinor from Somerset House on the third, and Chadwick on the fourth for sectenterey [sentincing?], and a few other trappings of the same in order to keep them in slavery. I think would be the graitest indusement of the too.
The Certinley will be difficulty to contend with at first, settleng on these grounds, such as getting in provisions the first year and seed and so on. But as the government are going to clear the road and bridge and crosseway bad places, they will be soon be overcome. I should judge there will be more than 100 thousand acres given. I shall be entitled to fiftey for myself and fiftey for Fredrick and will hold them till I see if aney one comes out.
One part of this road comes within fifteen or twenty miles of us. This settlement is improving fast. There is too mills and a tannery now building and the roads repairing and people settling in.
I wish you to write as soon as you receive this and let me now the parties who think of coming here, as Mr. Whitfield did not mention names but said severel parties of your place and vicinity. If I knew who the were, I should be better able to judge wether they would do well or not, and wether aney of them would be suitable for a partener, as I have no one at present.
People addicted to drink are not fit to come here, as grog and licquors ar cheap, and drinking is graitley discountenance in this country. You can scratch out these 7 lines if you like, before showing it to anyone.
Some people will work and get a barrell of pork and flour in the house, and one improvement enough to sit down and eat it all up before they seek for aney more. Such people will be poor in aney countrey, but if a man arrive here without a shilling and his industerous and enconomacall and is recpticall enough to think he can live without slaving for others all his life, and determines to it the thing his half done for. I am bold to state that it does not take a man all his time to work for a living here even if he has a famley.
Their chance for a working man to get land here, and a good time to pay for it, and he can raise himself in society and to a state of comfort, witch he could never attain by staying at home.
We made about 70 pounds of maple sugar. Marey and John did most of the work belonging to it. We had but one sugher kettle to boill the sap. Otherwise, if I had attended myself, and had 2 kettles, we should have made 200 lb, witch severell of the neighbors did, besides a quantity of molasses or treacle and vinegar.
I consider Barber has used me verey ill about the box. He has latly come up here to settle, but has not brought the box nor gave me any explenation concerning it. This has caused me to speak my mind pretty freeley, and have offended the whole lot. I was told by one of the famley before he came that I should get it in a fortenight.
All I can lern is from Amos who sayes that Watts wrote to Barber saying that he had sent the box to Canada according to his Barber derectins, and that it never came to hand. Does not say where nor who it was directed to. This appears to me to be verey improbable, and but a jumbled up storey.
From begining to end, I are verrey sorey for the loss of them, not altogether on acount of their intrincick value, but on acount of their coming from home and friends. I return my thanks to all who contributed to the box. I consider their kindness equall as good as if I had received it.
Knowing your circumstances, I do not wish to put you to aney more expense, but if the parties come from your plase, I should certenley be glad of aney little thing you could send me for a rememberance as we have scarcley aney thing left that came from home. I think you could collect a good quantity of garden seeds from some old acquaintances without cost, some seed wheat. I could make a great prise on if I could, some for sale, a small barrell of barley and horse beens.
I received a little seed in the northern star. Judged it was mangle worsell but did not no wether it was that or beet seed. The plants are now growing. We have beets but none of the other.
Fredrick wishes that he could get a few wiplashes to drive the oxen such as Mr. Cottle used to sell for abpit 3 or 4 pence each. ... be glad if brother Samuell would send me a pair of light shoes or half boots. Marey respects to Marey Mabbot, would be glad of some little trifle for a remberance.
If the parties wish any more information that I am able to give, I will give it. There was severell things I would have mentioned but could not share them in one letter.
There was a salmon trout caught here yesterday witch weighed 21 pounds. The wether has not been aney warmer this summer at present then in England but fine growing. The crops look remarkable good. The spring in all parts of Canada is later then in England but we have invariabbley [comm]ensed harvest about the 20 of July. When things take a start they grow very rapid.
Wish you would [send] of a few ripe goosberries for seed. We have plenty but they are small and rough. A little black curent seed.
The children are now picking rassberreys. They can pick about a gallon a day. We dry them for winter use. The strawberry witch grow naturall in the pasture fields ar all pick.
Sarah is still living with the Quaker famley and is to have 3 months schooling, her clothes and will be entitled to a ... and beside at Christmas as they keep her well dressed.
Fred is at the mill at 6p wages a month. The other 3 at home. Marey is grown as tall as her mother was and manages better than she used to do. John is becoming usfull but Henery I think will make the graitest chopper of the lot. He chopped down a tree the other day nearley 3 feet round. He will have an ax in his hand from morning till night and goes hacking about in the woods were he likes.
I have sent three newspapers, one to T.D., 1 to G. Green and one to you, the last one. Have received severell latley. Would be glad of as many as you can send. As I have now books here a Mercury once or twice is convenent. I are expecting to get 1 or 2 from Mr. Whitfield. We have the maill reguarley every week.
When Mr. Whitfield wrote he said that he would bring me aney thing I was in need of. Should be glad if you would send me a reaping sickle, of good shape, not to fine cut nor to coarse. I will repay him again for aney things he his at the expensce of.
I should be glad if Samuell would send me a few awls, a shoe knife and a few sprigs. I will pay him when I come witch is not improbable. Would lik for them to make me a silk stock like the one they made Fred before we left.
Have not herd from George Cleaver yet. There is a person name of Sewell formerly from Buckby in this plase. Have not seen him yet. Brother to him worked at the bell mongers yard.
My best respects George Green, I. Bamford and T. Bamford, eleven[?], T. Russell, cousen Dickens, Mr. Robinson, L.F., Mr. Bates, also my acquantance at Claybrook, Mabbots, M. Warren, M. Srace.
Now must conclude by wishing you every ... and if we should never meet on earth may God in his infinite mercey grant us a happey meeting in another and better world where we shall meet to part no more. Wish is the sincerely of your affectionate son Henery York.
This would be a good chance for the Townsends and Leeson or one industrous person.
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