From Henry2 York.
Dear friends, I have been expecting to hear from you these several weeks past, but not receiving a letter, I now take my pen to inform you that I have regained my health, and are at work again after 13 weeks illness. It has been quite a draw back on my worldley concerns, but we have reason to be thankfull that we are all now well and have what is sufficient to eat and drink.
We have beef and pork in the house and a fat hog to kill at Christmas, but we are rather deficent in clothing. My illness prevented me from getting what I otherwise should have done. We have bought a good cow for four pounds, 5 shillings. She is nearley dry now, but will calve in March. I expect she will be a good help to us with regard to keeping house. If all is well, I shall be able to get another in the spring.
All kinds of produce is now at the citey of Toronto. Flour per barrell 4 dolors/ oats 1s bushel/ barley 2, white pease 2 dolors/ pork cuts 17s-6d, beef the same, but they are dearer hear by one third partley owing to the wheat being struck with rust in these parts last harvest, and a good maney newcomers in place it enhance the value of things very much.
I have been at work at Mr. Chantler at the mill from who we got the cow. Fredrick is there at present, at 6 dolors a month and board. Sarah is still at Converses, the rest at home.
They desire there respects to all their uncles and aunts, cousins and grand father and grand mother. I should love to see you all again myself, but if we never mete on earth, may we have the happiness to meet in a better world to part no more.
This place is in grait want of a shoemaker, and I should very much like for my brothers and sisters to come. They might make money and property verey fast. I am unable to render you aney assistance with money at present but if aney of you was here, I would assist you in various ways.
There is a bootmaker from Ireland. He has got a mixed stock of American independance and Irish impudance witch constitutes him a bad servant to the public who would be glad to employ another. Would be plentey of work there for both, as maney send to the Sound and to Barre.
We have had a fine summer. Not so hot as in the Prince Edward district. The first fall of snow this season came the last day of November. The most of it is gone off again. It is very spring mild wether now wich makes the roads muddy and bad. They Canadians are wishing for more snow and cold wether so as they may go a sleighing about. I often tell them I wish they were up to their nekes in it.
Since writting the above, I are happey to say that I have received your letter, witch affords me grait pleashoure, as I was anxous to have one before posting. Your letters me expence halfpene each. The reason I do not send you more papers is, I cannot get them till they are to old to be posted. When I was at Picton the postmaster never objected to them old or new.
I received the seeds and papers safe. Are much obliged to you for them. Would be glad to get as maney papers as you can send. Perhaps you could get some from W. Warren or Mr. Sewell. They come post free.
I have been to see Mr. Sewell. He has a large famley. Has bought land, 100 acres, of the Canada companey, in the adjoining Township, rather backward situation but good land.
He has I think about 10 or 12 acers cleard, a cow and yoke of oxen. He desires his respects to his nephew, would like to hear from them. He was much pleased to see me, and it afforded me a degree of pleasoure to converse about our native place. The[re] is quite a famley likness betwen Thomas and him.
I are glad to hear that you are about to receive a little assistance to suppourt you in the decline of life. I thought by your last letter that cousen Dickins could not continue long. Would like to now how that sum was disposed of, independant of that she left by will and the amount she left by will. A little inquisitive you see.
Tell my sisters I will not admit of aney excuse for their not writting, neither shortness of time nor inability. I believe they have as much time as their neighbours and past for ability. They would be ashamed if I was to say they did less than other people. I do not stand at imaganery difficulteys. If I had, I should have had to stop a few miles short of this place.
Would be glad to hear from Sam, also John Thompson.
This place improving. We have 2 new grist mills in this last sumer, a saw mill, and tannery. Next summer they are going to have a pier built, and wharf for steamboats to land there goods and other machenery. I have gave up the idea of moving to the new line for let a man go were ever he will, their is alwayes a report of a better cuntry futher ahead, and I begin to think that I am far enough ahead without another remove, but their certinley will be a graiter chance for land next sumer then ever there has been before, on these new lines of road.
If there is aney of your neighbours think of coming, they might get free land, & if they are here earley in the seson the may choose ther own lots.
You say George would like to come to Cannada. It certanley would be the best he could do, for if a man is industrous and sober, he must rase himself in socitey to a state of comfort and independance witch he never could attain at home. I can asure you that a working sober man is not spoken of as a public nuisace or incumbrance. They sometimes are with you, but are considered invaluable links in the chain witch connect socity together.
I have found it so, and the princeipal men in the place, and even too of the magestrates will give me as hartey a shake of the hand as if I was their equall as to property, but I do not wish to entise aney one to leave their home, knowing the maney casulates human life is heir to, both at home and abroad. This [h]as always operated as a check on my pen.
You wish me to forgive Barber witch I now is right, and what I are bound to do, but it is rather a hard task when I consider the things he deprived us off were such as we were in the utmost need of. Clothing is hard to get in this place for one in my situation. I have nothing to sell to pay the shopkeeper, and as I spend as much of my time on my own place as I can spare thinking it the most surest way to prosperety, yet it is rather to slow for my imedeate wants. Clothing is dear here.
We have too sheep and I intend to raise a flock. Can get cloth from our own fleece, but it will have to be a work of time. Their is not so good a chance of getting cloth for work here as in other settlements where the farmers keep more sheep, and manifacture more cloth.
I are preparein to build a new frame barn next summer. I have drew about 30 large logs to the saw mill, and shall get half the boards out of them for myself. This is easier than having to buy them as those are obliged to do who live further from the mill.
Marey and Sarah send their respects. They are much disapointed in not receiving their new dresses you sent them. Marey is grown up to be quite a strong young woman. Wishes her aunts would send her a small piece of edgein or a yard of ribbon for a remembrance. I should be glad of a little more goosberrey or strawberrey seed or black curren seed. Ther ar plenty here but they are small, and not so good as yours.
I think the rasberreyes are equall to yours, and as the countrey apears to bring them all so naturell, I think a better sort could be cultavated to grait advantage. The mangle worzell grew well though it was planted late. Are saving the roots for seed. Would like a little of the seed you speak of. Such kind of seeds are a rarity here.
I believe some of the rich people about Toronto have the English goosberrey, but I have not seen aney yet. Will be hiley prised or the strawberey.
My respectt to Richard and John Hall. Should like a letter from them and to hear wether Mother Hall has an alms house yet. Would like to be rememberd to Mr. Hurst, Mr. Brooks, T. Brown & Mundays.
I must conclude by wishing you every blessing, both for time and enternity, from yours affectionately, Henry York.
The fore part was wrote sevrell weeks first.
My respects to all of you, G. Green not excepted, nor T. Smith. Tell Master Sam if he does not write to me soon I will give him a severe lecture when I come home again.
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