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From Henry2 York.

Dear father and mother, I have been anxiousley waiting to hear from you these few weeks but, being disapointed, have now sat down to write myself.  The children are all well, and have been all at home this fortnight.  I have been unwell myself a short time but are now something better.

We have been engaged latley in cutting saw logs, and drawing them to the saw mill from off our own lot, and are going to saw them up ourselves.  All timber is called lumber after it is sawed.  Have hired the mill, and are to give one quater of the lumber sawed for the use of it, witch would be a good chance if the mill was in good trim.  It is a little out of aber[?].

We had plenty sawed last fall to have built us a new house, but as we was in want of other things worse then a house, I sold it and poasponed building till next sumer, an then if all is well, I entend to have one up.

The people in this quater are in grait expectations from the proposed railway that is going to be built to conect Lake Ontario with Lake Huron, an concequantly the City of Toronto with this place, witch is considered will not onley enhance the value of property here, but graitley facilliate trade and comerce, and enable us to take our produce to the city market.

I belive the work is contracted for, and to be completed in too years.  It is considered that most all the traffick to the far west will be brought on this route, as it will be some thousand miles near then the ordainery route through the states.

We are expecting this township and some others to be seperated from the Simco District and added to the Owen Sound District, witch will be a convenince for them that have the township business to do, the county town called Barre being 80 miles from here.

As the back places get settled, the government divides them into new countys or districts.  The crown land is expected to be open for sale on the same terms as the Clergey reserves, namley one tenth down, the rest by nine equall parts in nine years with intrest.  Ther are five or six lots took up here on this expettaion.  This regulation is expected to take effect in March, but as far as I can learn, the agents have no officiall notice, as crown land now sells at 8s-4 per acre cash down currency or 6 4 sterling.

Since writing the former part, I have had the pleasaur of receiving a letter, and hearing of your welfare, and am happy to hear that you are all well, and join with you in wishing you could pay me a visit with as little trouble as you had to pay my brother one, and likewise that you could bring all the remnant with you.  Are glad to hear that Alice has become usefull and conducting herself properley.

I really did not think you would become such a travler in your old age.  One who scarcely used to go five miles in five years.

You wish to know where Marey lot is likely to be.  If you look in the sixth concession, No. 11-12-13, you will find the river running through them cross cornere.  We expect John L. to get all the land on this side the river, as he has a older brother as settled on the south side, and the father sayes it will onley make too good farms on acount of the river dividing the way it does.  So they will get the 600 acres between them.  It is all wild land, but being so near the miils and vilige it will be valuable property.

I are endevouring to persuade Marey to stay with me till next fall of the year, when I believe J. father intends to let him comence for himself.  He as never been from home.  I expect before this reach you, the name will have changed.

We have had a sudden thaw about a week past witch has took away most of the snow, and get the saw mill going.  We have sawed severell 1000 feet of boards.  Plenty of sale for them in trade but no cash at present.  On a low calcalation, we shall have fifteen thousand feet when the mill is paid for worth 6 dollars or 1 pound 10s a thousand.  This I hope will fit us out for clothing and some other nesesarys we are in [need] of.

We have 48 yards of cloth from our own sheep.

I highley prise the book you named.  The writer has such a beauty of style, and eloquence of expression that carries the reader along with him, that I scarcley no when to lay it down.  Received a paper with the wheat in it.  Have sent you the Examaner a month since.

Father wishes to know if our cows suply us with butter.  We had plenty all sumer, and a little to sell, but we did not put aney down for the winter, so we are without now.

We use a great deal.  The children run at it when ever they like and we was without meat part of last sumer.  I expect one to calve in April, another last of May, the other I afraid is barran.  If she is she will get fat this summer and I shall kill her next fall for our own use.

Give my respects to Mabbots, with Marey's.  I was almost afraid to ask ask you how they geting on, knowing the precarious system they was in.  I have thought if William was in Canada he might make a man of himself and get property.

[on handrawn map of St. Vincent Township] This is a plan of the township of St. Vincent, and the way in witch the land is generely layed out in all the state survays.  By tracing the 20 lot in the 7 consession, you will find my lot and the saw mill I rent below it.  You many consider each of these little squares to contain 200 acres.  And you cannot cross but three lots without coming to a side line, so you will find that 2 lots out of three corner on to roads, side road and consession road.

There is butt one whole consession in the township.  The rest are cut by the lake.  Where the lake takes part of a lot, it called a broken front.  You can see a number broken fronts in the [map].

I have often thought of sending you a plan or map of the township, but not having an opertunity of getting one, I have scetched this out myself not from a map but from a knowledge of the number of consessions and the number of lots in each consession and part of lots or broken fronts.

I think you will find it sufficientley correct to enable you to form a proper idea how the lots ar layed out, and the localaty I am settled in.  Likewise how each lot is situated with respect to roads, mills, river, and lake and so on.  I wish you to understand that too rows of lots open or front each other.  Take for example, Mr. Bates lives in the 6 consession, Mr. George Griffiths and I and Mr. Clark live in the 7th road or consession.  Running between the ... [torn]

Except of our love and beleive me to remain your affectionate son Henrey York.  My respects to all and my friends and aquaint.  In haste.


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