b=born; bap=baptized; bur=buried; ch=christened; cf=confirmed; d=died; emig=emigrated;
ma=married; mi=marriage intentions published; occ=occupation; prop=proprietor; res=resided
MB=Manitoba; ON=Ontario; SK=Saskatchewan
BDF=Bedfordshire; BKM=Buckinghamshire; BRK=Berkshire; CAM=Cambridgeshire; CHS=Cheshire; DBY=Derbyshire; DEV=Devonshire; DOR=Dorset; ESS=Essex; GLS=Gloucestershire; HAM=Hampshire; HRT=Hertfordshire; HUN=Huntingdonshire; KEN=Kent; LAN=Lancashire; LEI=Leicestershire; LIN=Lincolnshire; MDX=Middlesex; NFK=Norfolk; NTH=Northamptonshire; NTT=Nottinghamshire; OXF=Oxfordshire; SAL=Shropshire; SFK=Suffolk; SOM=Somerset; SRY=Surrey; SSX=Sussex; WAR=Warwickshire; WIL=Wiltshire; WOR=Worcestshire; YKS=Yorkshire
CT=Connecticut; DE=Delaware; ID=Idaho; IA=Iowa; IL= Illinois; MA=Massachusetts; MD=Maryland; ME=Maine; MI=Michigan; MO-Missouri; NC=North Carolina; NE=Nebraska; NH=New Hampshire; NJ=New Jersey; NY=New York; OH=Ohio; PA=Pennsylvania; RI=Rhode Island; VA=Virginia; VT=Vermont; WI=Wisconsin; WV=West Virginia
|At this time, much of the information in the charts is from secondary sources. I am in the process of seeking out primary sources. I am also in the process of adding the documentation to the web page. If there is an "N" in the first or second column, clicking on that letter will take you to the documentation.|
Often you will see early years written in the form 1718/9. The problem has to do, not with an uncertainty as to which year it should be, but with a change in the calendar from the Julian to the Gregorian. In Britain and most of American colonies, this took place in 1752. Whenever a date before 1752 falls between January 1 and March 24 it is recorded to reflect both calendars.
Under the Julian calendar, New Year's day fell on the 25th of March. An event that is written as 22 Feb 1718/9 tells us that the year was actually 1718 but if the year had begun on January 1 as it now does, then it would have been 1719.
As one might expect, some ancestors appear in the chart more than once. To minimize errors, the detailed information about the ancestor is entered only once.
At the point where the duplication occurs, there are two possibilities:
2. Either the husband or the wife has more than one spouse, and has a child who is in the chart by each spouse. In that case, the husband or wife will be listed twice, once with each spouse. But the events for the husband or wife will only be listed once. For these duplicate listings, the reader is referred back to that complete entry. In the complete entry, the duplicate listing is identified as "also" and the other listing can be reached by clicking on that number. In the duplicate listing, the location of the complete entry can be reached by clicking on the number given to see.
The format of these ancestor charts is an ahnentafel outline.
The word "ahnentafel" comes from the German, "ahnen" meaning ancestors and "tafel" meaning table. As used today, it refers to a numbering system for the ancestors of a person. The starting person is given the number 1. His/her father is 2, and his/her mother is 3. Number 2's father is 4 and his mother is 5. Number 3's father is 6 and her mother is 7.
To generalize: Double any person's number to get his/her father's number and add one to get his/her mother's number. Note that (after the first generation), all the men have even numbers, and all the women have odd numbers. Ahnentafel numbers need not be consecutive - if an ancestor is unknown, his/her number is simply omitted from the list.
In some charts, the ancestors of one of the people may have totally different origins than their spouse. In this case, there are two separate sub-charts within the one chart. Some examples;
The Ancestors of Ruben Alexander Anderson and Clara Helene Louise May - Ruben's ancestors are Norwegian and Clara's are German.
Many of the charts begin with a number other than 1 because of my policy of only including deceased people.
To move down the chart (from child to parent), if you click on the blue P in the first column next to the person's name, that will take you to the person's father. Their mother (if known) will be the next person listed. To move up the chart (from parent to child), if you click on the blue C next to the father's name, that will take you to their child. (As you use them, the blue letters will change to green).
|Lines in Common|
|As you glance through the charts, you will notice that some people appear on more than one. To help you locate them, I have developed the following chart (Find them in the surname index):|
|Charts||Lines in common|
|Richardson, Brewster, Johnson||Avery, Miner, Palmer|
|Richardson, Brewster, Hilton, Loucks||Cogan|
|Richardson, Brewster, Loucks||Loomis, Partridge, Tracy|
|Richardson, Brewster||Brewster, Harmon, Phelps, Sheldon, Warren|
|Richardson, Johnson||Houghton, Prescott, Post|
|Richardson, Hilton||Foster, Wimes, Dodge, Gater, Barker, Ackworth, Carter|
|Richardson, Hilton, Johnson||Perkins|
|Richardson, Hilton, Johnson, Fredendall||Kimball|
|Richardson, Hilton, Loucks||Knight|
|Richardson, Loucks||Hull, Kelsey, Whitcomb|
|Brewster, Hilton||Andrews, Howland|
|Brewster, Hilton, Loucks||Jordan|
|Brewster, Loucks||Newton, Pabodie, Woodbury|
|Fredendall, Loucks||Cutter, Towles|
|Hilton, Loucks||Varney, Proctor, Heath|
The charts offer various links to help you move around:
P=parent; C=child (see Format).
N=Notes - sources and comments regarding events. Many sources are abbreviated. If the source is highlighted, a link will take you to the full description of the source. Use the "back" feature on your browser to return to the note.
T=Text - general background information about the person.
also #...; see #... - used within the chart when an ancestor is also a spouse of another ancestor, but they are not the parents of the person in this branch (they may be parents of a person in another branch on the same chart)
see [chart name] links the person to other charts.
First, ... Generation allows quick movement between generations if you are not following a particular line.
NOTE: The Richardson, Hilton, Johnson, Loucks, Shahan and Williams charts have been separated into several pages because of their size. The links will take you between pages as needed.