A New Approach - The Ancestors of Thomas_1 York
For years I have searched for the ancestors of Thomas_1 York. I decided to try once again.
Note: Traditionally, genealogists have labeled the immigrant generation as name_1. However, Thomas York and Mary Dickens were the first generation on my first York descendency chart. So I called him Thomas_1 even though it was his sons that were the immigrants. The parents of the immigrants would usually be labeled name_A, the grandparents, name_B, etc. Since I had already labeled the parents name_1, the grandparents became name_A.
What's New The impetus for trying once again to break down the brick wall comes from a new technology - DNA. Thanks to one of my brothers, who is one of the few living direct male descendants of Thomas_1 York, we now know his Y-DNA haplogroup. See York Y-DNA.
As many of you know well, I am no stranger to tracking down descendants. But those I have searched for in the past are descendants of known ancestors. In this case, I would be looking for descendants of an unknown ancestor!
What's Not New What I have known for years:
The Yorks came from Long Buckby, Northamptonshire, England.
Thomas_1 York, the son of Thomas_A York and Alice_A Boreman, was baptized 25 Dec 1778 at Long Buckby (Church of England, Long Buckby, Northamptonshire, Parish register for 1778). According to his age in the 1841 and 1851 censuses and at his death, he was born about 1778 at Long Buckby. He died on 7 Nov 1852 at Long Buckby (England Deaths, Long Buckby, Northamptonshire, 1852 Vol. 3b, p.66). He was a flaxdresser/cordwainer.
See The Descendants of Thomas York and Mary Dickens for information about Mary Dickens and their children. Thomas and Mary lived their entire lives in Long Buckby, and all of their children were born and raised there.
Thomas_A York was married on 27 Aug 1775 at Long Buckby to Alice_A Boreman (Church of England, Long Buckby, Northamptonshire, Parish register for 1775). They had three children baptized at Long Buckby parish church:
See The Descendants of Thomas York and Alice Boreman for information about Alice Boreman and their children.
Other than the marriage of Thomas and Alice and the baptisms of their children, no other information has been found in Long Buckby records that can be tied to them with any certainty.
Finding related Yorks in Long Buckby is complicated by a remark made in a 26 Mar 1913 letter from Maria York of Long Buckby to George Dallas York in Iowa, "We [she and her brother] are the only two now living in this town of our family, mine and yours. The other Yorks, if they once belonged to us, the Kinship has died out for neither my Grandma York nor my mother ever spoke of any."
My Strategy My goal was to learn more about Thomas_A York, through analysis of existing records and/or through DNA matches. I launched a York One-Name Study, with Long Buckby as its focus. I had no idea where this effort was going.
My first objective was to identify all of the people with the surname York(e) who had any connection with Long Buckby. My second objective was to try to fit all of these people into families. To accomplish this, I drew on a number of resources:
Old Leads and Questions
At the beginning of this project, the connection between the early York family in Long Buckby and the York family in Crick had not been identified nor had the relationship of Thomas_A York to either family been determined.
Data As information was gathered from the various sources, it was added to a database in Legacy. At present, that database contains over 300 people with a York surname. Where possible, people were grouped in families. There is probably some duplication, because of difficulty in determining ties between generations.Most of the family groups have been entered in an Ancestry Family Tree - Yorks from Long Buckby. The "tree" is actually several disconnected trees. Some families have been followed beyond England. Please contact me if you would like an invitation to the tree. It is a public tree, but an invitation makes it easier to find.
Census records were searched for each available year to locate other Yorks. Two searches were done: (1) Long Buckby households that included at least one York, and (2) Yorks throughout England who were born in Long Buckby. In this second search, because of my interest in Y-DNA, I was particularly interested in males born in Long Buckby. These families were followed over the years, regardless of where in England they lived. Households of later generations may not include a York born in Long Buckby.
There are some "loose ends" that could not be assigned to a particular family. This particularly occurred with burials, where there was more than one possible person, and no age or other identifying information. Another group of "loose ends" are census records of single persons not living with their family.
Further information regarding John_B and Mary_B York