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Belmont, Ohio history and Dille's Bottom

Submitted by listmember Bob Jordon


Belmont Co. OH was formed 1801 from Washington Co. OH, which was established 1788. Of course, Ohio was not officially a state until 1802. Following is a long post, which I found on several web sites describing some of the history of Belmont Co. - especially Dille's Bottom, which was originally owned by John Dille.
Available Washington County, Bethlehem Township records show Michael Dunfield paid taxes in 1781, 1783, 1785, and 1788. The township split in 1789, and Michael paid taxes in West Bethlehem. He is not listed in 1791, but Oliver, the oldest of the four brothers, is, and in 1792, Oliver and Elinore Dunfield are listed. This probably indicates Michael died before 1792, and Elinore is the surviving spouse. Oliver, who was born about 1764, and married Rosanna about 1788, is listed in 1793 West Bethlehem Township tax records, but not in 1794. The Dunfield family may have been involved in the Washington County Wiskey Tax Rebellion of 1794, because none signed the allegiance pledge following that uprising. They may have been among the many that fled to the adjacent Ohio County, Virginia. Around 1798, Oliver and Rosanna are believed to have moved with four children to an area that would become Belmont County (organized 7 Sep 1801), US Territory (become Ohio 1 Mar 1803).
Benedict, the 2nd brother, was born about 1766, and married Eunice Meek about 1796. He apparently served in the Militia during Indian conflicts of the late 1700's. The Hills' History of Coshocton County states one of its early settlers, Benedict Dunfee, was an Indian Ranger in the US Service at Wheeling, Virginia, before coming to Jackson Township in the 1820's. This is confirmed by his 1825 and 1830 purchase of Federal lands set aside for those with military service. Benedict and Eunice also moved to Ohio about 1798.
The two youngest brothers, John born about 1768, and Thomas, born about 1770, are also believed to have moved from Washington County about 1794. Thomas was living in Ohio County, Virginia (probably near Wheeling), when he married Grace Lashly 21 March 1797, and John was living in Jefferson County, US Territory, when he married Mary Bierly 3 April 1798. At that time Jefferson County included much of current Belmont County, so he could have been in the area family members moved to about 1798.
The Hardesty History of Jefferson and Belmont Counties states that Samuel Day and family, Richard Riley and family, and Thomas Dunfee and family settled on the ridge overlooking Dillie's Bottom in the 1790's. It also indicates Richard L. Riley, born in Virginia 25 Sep 1777, moved to Ohio County, Virginia (Wheeling), about 1800, and remained there three years before moving to Ohio, where he married Elizabeth Day in 1807. However, the Hardesty History of Monroe County indicates Richard Riley moved to Ohio in 1798.
Samuel Day, born 17 December 1767, farmed in Morris Township, Washington County, Pennsylvania, in the early 1790's, before moving to Ohio, and may have known the Dunfield brothers at that time. Thomas and Grace Dunfee probably arrived with Oliver and Rosanna about 1798. Samuel Day and family located near them, because a son and daughter of Oliver married a daughter and son of Samuel Day in 1819 and 1822.
John and Mary may have settled south and east of his brothers, because soon after Mary died, he married Rosanah Edge, who was living with her parents, John and Nancy (Cummings) Edge, in an area that is now Wayne Township. He apparently lived in the portion of Belmont County that, in 1813, became Monroe County and he lived in Section 30 of Sunsbury Township until the early 1830's (see Figure B for Township locations in Monroe and Belmont Counties).
1800c- Among the early settlers on Wheeling Creek, Richland Twp., Belmont County, Ohio and St. Clairsville, Ohio were: William BOGGS, Alexander BOGGS, William BELL, William WARNOCK, Absolom TIPTON (m. Mary BOGGS), David KIRKPATRICK (m. Elizabeth BOGGS), Joseph McCONNELL (m. 1789 Sarah BOGGS), John CALDWELL (m. Jane BOGGS), James CALDWELL, John MARTIN, John BERRY, Daniel DILLE, and Jacob COLEMAN. Caldwell's HISTORY OF BELMONT AND JEFFERSON COUNTIES, OHIO, p.164,225,248; McKelvey, CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF BELMONT COUNTY, OHIO (1903), p.239-9.
1812 - The first steamboat came down the river past Dilles Bottom, Ohio about 1812, terrorizing the inhabitants along the river banks. Within a few years, the Lockwood boat landing at Dilles Bottom was doing a thriving business. 1821 - In 1821 David LOCKWOOD erected a grist mill at Dilles Bottom, Ohio, in Section 18, and in connection ran a distillery. 1827 - In 1827 Benjamin LOCKWOOD was appointed postmaster at Dille's Bottom, which office he held for forty years. Caldwell's HISTORY OF BELMONT AND JEFFERSON COUNTIES, OHIO, pp.164,172-174,390-394,417. 1832 - Land belonging to the family of David LOCKWOOD consisted of several hundred acres, and extended from the Ohio River to the top of the hill in Dilles Bottom, Ohio. In the Spring of 1832, the LOCKWOODs moved from their log house on the river bank into their new handmade brick house a few hundred yards up from the river. They moved just in time to escape the destructive flood of 1832. This house stood until torn down by t!
he Edison Power Company in 1949. Sons of David LOCKWOOD built and operated flour mills in Dilles Bottom on Big Run and on Pipe Creek. At one time Lockwood Inn and boat landing did a thriving business. BELMONT COUNTY HISTORY (1988), p.19. 1834 - In 1834, Benjamin LOCKWOOD built a mill on Pipe Creek, about a mile from the Ohio River at Dilles Bottom, Ohio, The frame building was 40 by 50, three and a half stories high with four runs of buhrs and a capacity of 50 barrels daily." McKelvey, CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF BELMONT COUNTY, OHIO (1903), pp.298-301; Caldwell's HISTORY OF BELMONT AND JEFFERSON COUNTIES, OHIO, p.391. 1836 - "The Lockwood Saw Mill was built in 1836. The Fowler Mill and the McGraw Mill were built in the 1840's, and the Masters Mill later. At this time the clearing of farms really began, as little timber had been cut near these mills. The mills were kept busy - in fact they operated day and night. The streams furnished the water power the greater part of the year!
. During the first twenty years that these mills were in operation, there was but a small part of the timber sawed. The greater part of the timber was destroyed by rolling into heaps and burning, or dumping into ravines and there leaving it to rot. --- This method of doing away with the timber was continued for many years. --- There was no finer walnut, poplar, ash and oak found anywhere in the country,or ever grew, than that which was destroyed back in those early pioneer days in and around Dilles Bottom and Pipe Creek." Gallaher, Thomas Maywood, "SOME THINGS I REMEMBER", as recorded by his niece, Anna Gallaher Oyster, (privately published, Youngstown, Ohio 1960). 1840 - Judge David LOCKWOOD (1762-1840) died at Dillies Bottom, Ohio near Wheeling, (W) Virginia, 27 Nov 1840.
1862 - "In 1862 Benjamin LOCKWOOD moved from the old tavern where he had been living to the David LOCKWOOD home on Pipe Creek, although he was still farming extensively in Dillies Bottom and reserving the old tavern barn. Jacob COLMAN kept the tavern and the post office and on the side, a few barrels of good old rye. --- The Lockwood tavern was managed by a man by the name of DUNLAP, whose son, Charley DUNLAP, became an official of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad." Gallaher, Thomas Maywood, "SOME THINGS I REMEMBER", as recorded by his niece, Anna Gallaher Oyster, (privately published, Youngstown, Ohio 1960).
Old Mead Township Cemetery -- Many LOCKWOODs are also buried there including Benjamin and Ann (BELL) LOCKWOOD and David and Rebecca (THOMAS) LOCKWOOD. The land for this cemetery was provided for in the will of Jacob Mead LOCKWOOD (1805-1886). William L. DeCoursey visited this cemetery in 1977. Many of the stones have deteriorated due to industrial air pollution; although some can still be read. There is a large monument on the grave of David LOCKWOOD, Revolutionary Soldier. Rerouting of SR 7 in 1969 may have taken some graves. There is a Tavern next to this Lockwood Cemetery in Dilles Bottom. The owner of this Tavern in 1977 was Mrs. Margaret BRKLYACIC, Rt.1, Shadyside, Ohio 43947. For a record of some of the graves See Powell, Esther Weygandt, TOMBSTONE INSCRIPTIONS and FAMILY RECORDS OF BELMONT COUNTY, OHIO (1969), pp.56,311; See also Belmont County, Ohio Wills, Vol.D, p.394. See also LOCKWOOD.
Margaret KIRKLAND of Columbus, Ohio wrote in 1974, "I am sending a picture postcard of the Powhatan Mining Co. building with the cemetery in the background. This cemetery would be the one where the LOCKWOODs are buried. The terrain in this area has been changed because of the relocation of the NO.7 Highway down along the Ohio River. What the highway construction engineers have done in that area is to go in with bulldozers and to shear off the tops of those hills. Dilles Bottom doesn't even look like it did ten years ago. --- The children at school always claimed that on top of the hill behind the cemetery there was an Indian race track."
1930 - Ohio State Route 7 was built in 1930. The old Lockwood Cemetery in Dilles Bottom is located on this route.
"Benjamin Lockwood, son of David Lockwood was born on or near Wheeling Creek, Virginia, April 13, 1797. Was brought to Belmont County by his parents. In 1800 they located in Dilles Bottom. Benj. worked with his father on the farm till 23 years of age; in the meantime received his education in the old log school house of that day. April 11, 1820 he married Anna Bell of Washington County, Pa. --- Uncle Jacob says G.G.Grandpa entered his land, that he took it as government land; he took at least 1 sec. but I'm under the impression he took none. Ask aunt Sade, she had the old deed or Charter. --- I am at mother Anshutz now and still better. Found all well. Will go on Monday again. Affectionate, Mother." (She notes in this letter that some of the information was taken from the HISTORY OF BELMONT COUNTY (1880).
"I was born Feb. 1st 1886 at Pipe Creek. I married Charles FERREL's youngest daughter. I don't remember of any LOCKWOODS ever living on Pipe Creek, but about a mile above the mouth of Pipe Creek where it enters into the Ohio River is the old Lockwood homestead. A large Red Brick house. They call it Dillies Bottom, but they used to call it in olden times 'Lockwood Mills', and before there was any railroads they called it Lockwood Landing. There is a small stream that comes down out of the hill and they used it to run their flour mill. I never knew but one LOCKWOOD and that was Aunt Sadie. She lived in the old homestead. There was a family lived with her. After she passed away, the place was sold. I was very young when I knew her. The old Lockwood grave yard is still there, but the highway came through (SR 7) and they had to move some of the graves. --- Edwin Creamer"

Some excerpts from above -

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