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Walsh, Walshe or Welsh of Cathanger, Somerset

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Early Somerset records suggest their name as 'le Waleys,' and that they had held tenements in and near Cathengar in the 13th century. This seems to have included lands in Stowey, Felton, Lillesdon, North Curry, and Cathanger in Somerset. Richard le Waleys, of 1255, was lord of Stowey, Somerset. Richard le Waleys held lands in Stowey, Cathanger and North Curry, along with the de Scoland family, about 1262. They appear to have held the same (or similar) lands in the 16th century. Tenements of the manor of Felton, Somerset, were held by the Walshes in 1507, and earlier records suggest that Henry le Waleys held of the villam of Felton about 1284, Walter le Walissh held lands there in 1346, and Richard Walssh held lands there in 1428.
The following inquisitions come from Calendar of inquisitions post mortem (v.3, 1955; and v.2, 1973). They indicate the extent of their holdings at the turn of the 16th century, the descent from father to son as follows:   Robert Walshe (husband of Elizabeth) to his son Thomas (husband of Margaret Boler) and to his son John (husband of Joyce Brook).

By charter indented, 3 October, 10 Henry VII (1495), Robert Walshe gave the manors of Felton, Lyllesdon and Wrantage (near Currey Mallet), and land in Stowey, to Thomas Walshe, his son, and Margaret, wife of the said Thomas, and the heirs of Thomas, who were and are seised thereof according to fee. He died 10 April, 12 Henry VII (1496-97), seised of the other afore-mentioned manors in fee. Thomas Walshe, aged 30 and more, is his son and heir.

By Writ of 13 August, 22 Henry VII (1507), inquisition 21 October, 23 Henry VII, Thomas Welsshe, at the time of his death, was seised in fee of the manor of Catteanger and lands &c. in Catteanger and Fyfete (Fivehead), which on his death descended to John Walsche as his son and heir. Long before his death he was seised in fee of the under-mentioned 8 messuages &c. in Stowey, Felton and Fyfete, and by his charter dated 17, October, 21 Henry VII, had enfeoffed thereof Edmund Gorges and Nicholas Waddam, knights, Edward Waddam, esquire, Edward Daubeney (now deceased), William Crook and John Whicom, to hold to them and their heirs to the use of John Walsche, his son and heir, and Joyce, wife of the said John, daughter of John Brook, and the heirs of their bodies, with the remainder to the right heirs of the said John as appears in certain indentures dated 31 July, 20 Henry VII (1504-05), made between John Brook and Thomas Walsche upon the marriage to be had between John Walsche and Joyce aforesaid. The said feoffees (except Edward Daubeney) are still seised to the said use. Margaret survived her husband, Thomas, and held herself in by survivorship.
Robert Walsche, father of Thomas, was seised in fee of the under-mentioned 6 messuages &c. in Lillisdon, North Curry and Stowey, and by his charter dated October 3, 10 Henry VII (1495), granted to the said Thomas and Margaret, his wife, daughter of John Boler, esquire, and the heirs of Thomas. Margaret survived her husband, and was sole seised in fee of her pourparty until her death.
Elizabeth Walsche, mother of the said Thomas, is seised as of free tenements of 10 marks' yearly rent issuing from the manor of Catteanger and all the other under-mentioned messuages and lands &c. in Catteanger, Stowey, Lillesdon, North Currey, Fifete and Felton, by assignment of the said Thomas, in allowance of all her dower of the free tenement of Robert Walsche, late her husband. Thomas died 16 July (29 January?) last, John Walsche, aged 14 years and more, is his son and heir.
[sources: Calendar of inquisitions post mortem, v. 3, 1955; and Calendar of inquisitions post mortem, v. 2, 1973]

According to Collins' history of Somersetshire, the 'manor of Cathanger' was held by William Wrotham in the late 12th century, and descended to an heiress who had married Galfride de Scoland. After being held by the de Scolands, it next descended to Eleanor, daughter and heiress of Francis de Scoland (died 3 Henry V, 1415-16), who married Thomas Montacute (Montague). The heirs of Thomas Montacute (died 28 Henry VI, 1449-50) included two grand-daughters, one of whom married Sir Edward Broke. The Walshes may have inherited lands in Cathanger by marriage to one of the Broke (Brook or Brooke) heiresses, whose name is variously given as Joyce, Joan, or Jane. Her father's name is variously given to be Sir Edward [from: The Particular Description of the County of Somerset]; or of John Broke [from: Members of Parliament for the County of Somerset]; or of Thomas Brooke [from: The visitations of the county of Somerset, in the years 1531 and 1573]


Histories
In 1496 John Walsh possessed Cathanger, possibly in right of his wife, a daughter of Sir Edward Broke (note: based on the inquisitions above, 1496 seems to be too early for John to have held Cathanger). This John had a son of the same name, who rose to the dignity of Justice of the Common Pleas. John Walsh, the younger, was born bef. 1517 (of Cathanger, Fivehead, Somersetshire, England). In the Somerset Roll of Burials this John Walsh is described as Judge of Cathanger, Fivehead; Reader in the Middle Temple bench in 1555; a Member of Parliament for Somerset in 1557; Serjeant-at-law in 1559; and Judge of the Common Pleas, 10 Feb 1563. His death occurred about Feb 12, 1572, and his nephew, George Salisbury, proved his will. He had property in Fivehead, Curry Mallet, Wrantage (Wrentich in North Curry) and Stowey. In his will he mentions his son-in-law Lord Edward Seymour and his half-brother Thomas Walsh of Stowey (with lands appointed to him in Stowey, ffyfet, Cory Mallet and Wrantage).
John Walsh, the younger, had a daughter named Jane who married Edward Seymour of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, the son of the Protector Somerset by his 1st wife. [source: The Particular Description of the County of Somerset, v. 15, drawn up in 1633, publ. in 1900; and Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, v. 4, 1889]

About noon I preached at Cathanger, about eight miles from Taunton. It was an exceedingly large house, built (as the inscription over the gate testifies) in the year 1555 (s/b 1559) by Sergeant Walsh, who had then eight thousand pounds a year; perhaps more than equal to twenty thousand now. But the once famous family is now forgotten; the estate is moldered almost into nothing, and three quarters of the magnificent buildings lie level with the dust. [source: The Journal of John Wesley]

The arms of the Walshe family of Cathanger are described as both, "Asure, 6 mullets or 3,2,1"; and also "the same with a border gobonne or and gules." [source: The Particular Description of the County of Somerset]
The arms of Walshe of Cathanger, "Azure, 6 mullets Or, 3,2,1," appear on a monument in nearby Curry Mallett church in Somerset.
The same coat of arms are also noted for the Walshes of Little Sodbury, co. Gloucester, which probably reflects a common origin of the two families.

The arms of Walsh of Cathanger in Fivehead are also cited as "Azure six mullets Or, 3, 2, and 1, within a bord. gobonated Argent and Gules." [source: The visitations of the county of Somerset, in 1573]

The Walsh arms, described as "sable, six mullets (3,2,1) argent, a bordure company of the last and gules" are impaled with Seymour, and described as those of Sir Edward Seymour, of Bury Pomeroy, co. Devon, Knight (son of the Duke of Somerset), and Jane, his wife, daughter and heir of John Walsh, Esq., one of the Justices of the Common Pleas. [source: The Reliquary, v.7, 1866]

The arms "Azure, six mullets or, three, two, one," are also cited for Richard Welshe of Pilton (Devonshire), who died in 1551. His was a wealthy merchant and landowner family of the 16th and 17th century. [source: Pilton: Its Past and Its People]

During the 17th century there was a Devonshire family named Welsh living at Barnstaple and Alverdescot, which bore the arms, "on a shield azure, six mullets 3, 2, 1, or." [source: Notes and Queries, v. 10, 1890]
Mary, daughter and heir of Richard Welsh of Pilton, married Nicholas Wichalse, of Barnstaple (3rd son of Nicholas), and had issue Joan. [source: A View of Devonshire in MDCXXX, by Thomas Westcote]


Additional Records of the Area
Staweye, now Stowey, is a manor in the parish of Fivehead, called by Collinson 'Staye'. In 1225, Robert and Luke Walens', sons of William Walens of Staweie, were accused at the Assizes of consorting with malefactors, but they obtained a verdict in their favor. The twelve jurors were lawful men from the townships of Curi Malet, Fifehide, Hile, and Kathangre.

In 1255 is a grant and confirmation by Richard le Waleys, Lord of Staweye, to the Abbot and monks of Muchelney, for the safety of his soul and that of Emma his wife of arable land in his demesne at Staweye. [source: Two Cartularies of the Benedictine Abbeys of Muchelney and Athelney]

In 1262-63, the Dean and Chapter of Wells and Richard le Waleys with Geoffrey (Galfrid) de Scoland came to an amicable agreement concerning their respective rights in North Curry, Cathanger, and Stowey. About the same time a Richard le Waleys of Felton is mentioned in the Somseret Pleas.

In 1284-85, Henry le Waleys was 'tenet villam de Feltone (Felton in Winford) per dim : servicum unius feodi de Johannes (le) Sor.' [source: Inquisitions and Assessments Relating to Feudal Aids]

In 1 Edward III (1327-28), John le Waleys paid 12d. for tenements of the manor of Stoke Abbatis (Chewstock), near Staweye. John de Walleghe paid 2s. for tenements of the manor of Stoke Militis, near Staweye. A John le Walsh paid 6d. for tenements of the manor of Chesterblade. [source: Kirby's Quest for Somerset, Exchequer Lay Subsidies]

In 1 Edward III (1327-28), a Walter Waleys paid 2s. 4d. for tenements of the manor of Wrokeshale, as well as 14d. for tenements of the manor of Babyngtone. A Walter Walsch paid 6d. for tenements of the manor of Banewell. [source: Kirby's Quest for Somerset, Exchequer Lay Subsidies]

At or near Cathanger, in 7 Edward III (c. 1333), was a John Walsh (le Walshe). [source: Walsh 1170-1690, J.C. Walsh]

In 1346, Walter le Walissh and Jocosa de Gause (sic) held knights' fees in Felton, formerly held by Elias de Calveston and Thomas de Taunton. [source: Inquisitions and Assessments Relating to Feudal Aids]
Note: In 1327-38, Joceo de Bayouse and Ely de Culveston paid 9s. for tenements in the vill of Wynfryd et Feltone [source: Kirby's Quest for Somerset]

In 1346, Elizabeth de Gorges and Walter de Waleys held land in Wroxhale (Wraxall), formerly held by Radulfus de Gorges. [source: Inquisitions and Assessments Relating to Feudal Aids]

In 1350, Walter de Walshe along with Henry le Scoland were witnesses of land grants in the fee of Muchelney in the tithing of Drayton, in Bere, in Swelle and in la More. [source: Two Cartularies of the Benedictine Abbeys of Muchelney and Athelney]

About 1377, Walter Walsshe was among those called to answer for entering the free warren of the dean and Chapter of Wells. A jury of 24 knights of the vicinage of Northcory found Walter not guilty. [source: Calendar of the manuscripts of the dean and chapter of Wells]

Circa 1384, Maurice Walsch was a witness to grants of lands, to the canons of Wells, in North Curry, Somerset. [source: Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells]

John Walshe held a messuage in Taunton, Somerset, according to an inquisition of 1426-27. [source: The History of Taunton Priory, in the County of Somerset]

In 1428, Thomas Walsh held land at Cathanger, Fivehead. [source: Proceedings, v. 60, 1915, by Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society]

In 1428, Thomas Walsshe held 1/4 part of a fee in the hundred of North Cory (possibly in Lillesdon) formerly held by (or by the heirs of) John de Laveny. [Inquisitions and Assessments Relating to Feudal Aids]

In 1428, Richard Walssh and Roger Dyer held land in Felton, formerly held by Walter le Walys and Joceus de Baus. [source: Inquisitions and Assessments Relating to Feudal Aids]

The arms of Walsh of Somerset appear on the monument of Sir Thomas Walysch and his wife at Whitchurch, Oxon., described as Azure, 6 mullets (pierced) Or, 3, 2, 1, within a bordure engrailed bezantee. This is believed to date from about 1420-1440. The inscription suggests that Thomas was trayer to the Duke of Lancaster (John of Gaunt), as well as to Henry IV, V and VI. The manor house of Whitchurch is called Walliscote and it is supposed that Thomas Walysch had the manor given to him by Henry V. [Report, by Oxfordshire Archaeological Society

Circa 1485 is a Robert Walshe of Fyfhide (Fivehead) [source: The registers of Robert Stillington, Bishop of Bath and Wells, 1466-1491]

About the middle of the 16th century, a Robert Walshe paid 6d. (rent) for land in Fivehead. [source: Calendar of Somerset chantry grants, 1548-1603; and also Calendar of the Patent Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office: 1548-1549]

By charter indented, 3 October, 10 Henry VII (1495), Robert Walshe gave the manors of Felton, Lyllesdon and Wrantage (near Currey Mallet), and land in Stowey, to Thomas Walshe, his son. [Calendar of inquisitions post mortem (v.3, 1955; and v.2, 1973)]

By Writ of 13 August, 22 Henry VII (1507), inquisition 21 October, 23 Henry VII, Thomas Welsshe, at the time of his death, was seised in fee of the manor of Catteanger and lands &c. in Catteanger and Fyfete (Fivehead), which on his death descended to John Walsche as his son and heir. [Calendar of inquisitions post mortem (v.3, 1955; and v.2, 1973)]

An undated record in the court of chancery cites: John WALSHE, esquire, v. Thomas ALYNGTON, gentleman.: Detention of deeds relating to the manor (sic) of Cathanger and Staye (Stowye) in Fivehead.: Somerset.

John Walsh Cathanger, Fivehead was Judge of the Common Pleas, 10 Feb 1563. At his death about Feb 12, 1572, ee had property in Fivehead, Curry Mallet, Wrantage (Wrentich in North Curry) and Stowey. [sources: The Particular Description of the County of Somerset, v. 15, drawn up in 1633, publ. in 1900; and Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, v. 4, 1889]

The will of Thomas Walshe, of Stowey, Somerset, deceased, was administered Feb 4, 1578-79, and his estate went to his relict Julian Walshe. [source; Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, v. 4, 1889]

The will of Edmund Walsh, of fyffhead, Somerset, gent., was dated April 29, 1665, and proven on Jan. 20, 1665-66. His executor was his brother John Walsh. Among others, he named his sister Ann Walsh, his nephew John Walsh, his nieces Joan, Christabel and Mabel Walsh, and his cousins Edward, John and Mary Walsh. [source; Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, v. 4, 1889]

The will of Agnes Walsh, of Fivehead, Somerset was dated Oct. 24, 1678, proved Jan, 17, 1679. She leaves to her son John Walsh and his two children, and to her daughters Joan, Christable and Mabel Walsh. [source; Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, v. 4, 1889]

The arms of James Walsh, esq. F.S.A., located in one of the east windows at the church of St. Giles, Camberwell (co. Surrey), are described as "azure six mullets, 3,2,1, Or, within a bordure company Or and Gules." The motto "Spero meliora" accompanies the arms and crest. The date 1828 is in the lower part of the light. [source: Collectanea topographica et genealogica]


Pedigree of Walshe of Stowey and Cathanger, Somserset
I. ROBERT WALSHE, mar. Elizabeth; died temp. Henry VII
II. THOMAS WALSHE. mar. Margaret Boler; died circa 1507
III. JOHN WALSHE, mar. 1st Joan (or Joyce) Broke; temp. Henry VII and VII
      and had issue:
- 1. John Walshe of whom below (IV)
- 2. Lucy, mar. Thomas Cooke
- 3. Agnes, mar. N. Salisbury
III. JOHN WALSHE, mar. 2nd Margaret Claveshey (or Clawse); temp. Henry VIII
      and had issue:
- 4. Thomas Walshe, mar. Julian Richards; died 1578-79
- 5. Susan Walshe
- 6. Cuthbert Walshe, died 1572
- 7. Lucretia Walshe, mar. ? Braydon
- 8. Joan Walshe, mar. ? Temple
IV. JOHN WALSHE, mar. Jane Dingley; died 1571-72
      and had issue:
- 1. Joan, mar. Sir Edward Seymour
[partial sources: The visitations of the county of Somerset, in the years 1531 and 1573; and Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills]


Pedigree of Walsh of Taunton (and Curry Rivel), Somserset
I. WALTER WALSH of Curry Rivell in Com Somersett Gent mar. Edith da: of Cox of Curry Rivell
      and had issue:
- 1. John of whom below (II)
- 2. Walter Walsh, matric. St Mary Hall Oxford 7 Nov. 1634, aged 17; MA Magdalen Hall 1642
II. JOHN WALSH of Taunton in Com Somersett Gent mar. Melone da: of Gale of Barington in Com Somersett
      and had issue:
- 1. John of whom below (III)
- 2. Thomas Walsh of Sherborne in Com Dorsett 2d Son mar: Grace da: of White of Phipping Ockford (Okeford Fitzpaine) in Co: Dorsett
      and had issue:
  - a. Thomas, matric. Exeter Coll., Oxford 11 Dec. 1685, aged 17
- 3. Daniell Walsh, matric. Wadham Coll., Oxford 12 Nov. 1651; MA St Mary Hall 1658; rector of Aldwincke, All Saints in Co. Northants. 1663,
      3rd Son marr. ______ da: of ______ Spicer of Northants.
      and had issue:
  - a. Walter, matric. Merton Coll., Oxford 9 July 1686, aged 17; M.A. Brasenose Coll. 1693; R. Foston, co. York 1708
III. JOHN WALSH of Taunton Gent Son & heire; perhaps matric. Wadham Coll., Oxford 14 Nov. 1650; MA St Mary Hall 1656
[source: The Visitation of Somerset and the City of Bristol, 1672, p. 135]

A number of Wills for Walsh family members, of Curry Rivel, Somerset, were proven in the early 18th century. These include:
- Florence Walsh (1707, spinster sister of Andrew Walsh whose children included John, Marmaduke, Daniel, Susanna and Joan)
- John Walsh (1716, a brother of Daniel, Marmaduke and Jane Walsh)
- Joan Walsh (1717, widow of Andrew Walsh, a sister of Marmaduke Coale, and mother of John, Daniel, Marmaduke, Susanna and Joan Walsh)
- Thomas Walsh (1720, brother of John, Margaret, Joane, Elisabeth & Sarah)
- Marmaduke Walsh (1731, husband of Ann, and a brother of Daniel and Joane). His will mentions lands in Curry Rivell which his deceased father bought of Mary Star, widow, James and Elizabeth Anderton. His seal incuding the 'six stars' of the Somerset coat of arms.
[source: Abstracts of Somersetshire Wills, v. 4, 1889]


Compiled by Dennis J. Walsh, 2007
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