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le Walshe, Walshe, Welsh
of Llanwern and Dinham, Monmouthshire, Wales
and of Woolstrop and Netheridge, Quedgeley, co. Gloucestershire




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- The Walsh family held Woolstrop (in Gloucestershire) and Llanwaryn (Llanwern) and Dynan (Dinham) in South Wales. [sources: V.C.H. Gloucs., x. 218; Gloucs. Inqs. post Mortem, v., 226-7; Berkeley Castle, general series account rolls, account of William atte Nasche, Smyth, ii, 3].

- Dinham Castle was built by the family of Le Walleys or Walsh, who were here for many generations, and (the Church of Castle Dinan) existed in 1128. (source: The Castles of England: Their History and Structure, by James Dixon Mackenzie, 1897).

- About 1128 Guy de Sancto Wallerico was granted lands in Chepstow, Caerwent, Monmouthshire, south Wales, which may have included Dinham Castle. The arms of the family 'Welsh' seated at Dinham Castle and at Llanwern down to the early part of the 17th century were the same as the coats of Sancto Wallerico, that is: "Ermine, a bend sable". Guy de Sancto Wallerico left a son Reginald, whose line ended in coheiresses early in the reign of Henry III; but Guy may have had another younger son or sons, from whom perhaps descended a family whose name we find written Le Walleys, Wallens, Walshe, and finally after some other variations of orthography, Welsh. The corruption of Wallerico (Walerie or Waleries) to Walsh is no more strange than many others that could be named. However this may be, two of the family accompanied Strongbow to Ireland in or about 1170; these were David Le Walleys, and Phillip Le Walleys, younger sons of Ralph and brothers of William Le Walleys. It may be right to observe that Dinham, and Llanwern were mesne fees, the former certainly, and probably the latter, at that period held under Strongbow (Gilbert de Clare) as Lord of Chepstow.
[source: "Notes on the Ecclesiastical Remains at Runston, Sudbrook, Dinham, and Llan-bedr", by Octavius Morgan and Thomas Wakeman, 1856]

- The other principal seat in Monmouthshire included Llanwern (and Llanwern park) owned by the Welsh family until 1629, on death of Anthony Welsh. It then passed to the Vanne (Van) family until the latter 18th century when it came into the hands of the Salusbury family. [source: J.B. Burke, Visitation, 2nd Series, I, 1854, 124.]

- Gwent, the early name of the territory which included Monmouthshire, was still ranked as a Welsh territory at the time of the Domesday Survey (ca. 1086), while three of its hardwicks, Lamecare (? Lanvair or Llanwern), Dinan (Dinham), and Poteschuiet (Portskewet) were assessed under Gloucestershire which lies to the east. Llanwern and Dinham were located in the hundred of Caldicot, situated in an ancient division of Gwent known as (cantref) Gwent Is Coed (or Gwent Iscoed), also referred to as Nether (Lower) Gwent. Llanwern, near Newport, was located about a mile west of Bishton. Dinham was located about a mile north of Caerwent, its ancient buildings have been taken down or entirely altered in the mid-19th century. Both are located in the southeast corner of Wales, just north of Bristol Channel.


Records
  • - Among the witnesses of charter of earl Richard son of earl Gilbert (this was likely Richard Strongbow de Clare) to the monks of St. Mary of Usk, dated perhaps the middle of the 12th century, was William Wallensis. The charter includes four acres of the land of William Wallensis and half the tithe of the {land of) William Wallensis. Among the other witnesses was Reimund son of William son of Gerald (this was likely Raymond le Gros). The content of the grant suggests the land of William Wallensis, although not specified, may have been in Gwent Iscoed (included in what is now Monmouthshire, Wales), mentioning other places such as the marsh of Magor and Nova Villa (Newport?, or Newton in Caldicot?). [source: Cymmrodorion Record Series, no. 4, pts. 3-4, 1908]
  • - It is worth noting that William Wallensis who occupied unspecified land may have been related to Raymond le Gross. Orpen (Vol. 1 p. 348) gives David Walensis as Raymond's nephew and has them both at Limerick in October 1175. The family, alternatively known as le Waleys, le Walss and Walsh, were holders of the castle of Dinham, a sub-lordship of Striguil, in 1128 and 1329 (Evans, C.J.O., Monmouthshire: Its History and Topography, pp 286-7). [source: Norman Usk: The Birth of a Town, Andrew Geoffrey Mein, 1986]
  • - In 1212 a William Wallensis is found holding a hide of land at Newton, Glouc., of the King. [source: Lyte's Book of Fees, Liber Feodorum, vol. I, p. 80]
  • - An Adam Wallensis was benefactor of the Abbey of Gloucester in the time of Henry Foliot, 1205-1229. [source: Transactions, Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, v. 44, 1922]
  • - Among the witnesses in 1246 of the extent of the lands tenements and knight's fee which Robert de Pontelarche held in co. Gloucester was Richard Walens' and also Philip de Quedosley (Quedgeley). The said Robert held the vill of Wulurichesthrop (Woolstrop) in chief, &c... Ralph de Pontelarche, brother of the said Robert, is his next heir after William de Pontelarche, who was lately outlawed in the land of England. [source: The Index Library, v. 30, 1903)
  • - Wolstrop: Robert de Pont Larch held Wolrichesthorp in 1246 ; it afterwards passed to the de Valence Earls of Pembroke, and from them, by marriage, to the Talbots, of Goderic (Goodrich) Castle. The Walsh's were mesne lords to the Talbots, and held it by the eighth part of a knight's fee. The Walshe or Waley's family held Netheruge by the service of one knight's fee in the reign of Henry V. [source: The History of the county of Gloucester, by Thomas Rudge, Robert Atkyns]
  • - All of Robert de Pontelarche's manors came to Henry III who granted them to W. de Valence, till he could restore Wulvesthorp (Gloucester) to the right heirs of Robert, which heir was Will. Walleys (see 1312 entry below). [source: Abstracts of records and manuscripts respecting the county of Gloucester, 1807]
  • - The survey of Wentworth in 1270-71 lists Adam Walens' de Dynam who "ought to have housbote and heybote to his house there from the conquest." [source: Notes on Wentwood, Castle Troggy and Llanvair castle]
  • - In 1271, Adam Welsh held Llanwern under (the Pembroke lordship of) Goodrich by a tenth of a knight's fee. (Hist. MON, IV). [source: Visitations by the heralds in Wales, v. 14, 1996]
  • - In 1283, Adam le Waleys was a witness at an inquisition made at Newent, Glouc., regarding the forest of Dene. Adam Waleys of Trilleye was a witness in 1286 regarding the land of Sir Reginald son of Peter, deceased, of the manor of Sutham, Glouc. [source: The Index Library, v. 30, 1903]
  • - In 29 Edward I (cited as 1301), William de Dinham was witness a grant (of lands in Wales) by Roger le Bigod to the Church of St. Mary de Tynterne [source: Monmouthshire. Historical and descriptive accounts of the ancient and present state of Tintern Abbey, 1806]
  • - On July 20, 1302, Walter de Gloucestre, escheator this side of Trent, took the homage of both William le Waleys of Dynham and Adam le Waleys, regarding lands that Roger le Bigod surrendered to the king. [source: Calendar of the Close Rolls]
  • - In 1307, Adam Walensis de Dynan was a witness of a grant by Bartholomew de Mora, knight, to St. Mary, Tyntern and the monks there, including forty acres of alder wood and with the land in the moor of Lanwaryn (co. Monmouth). [source: Calendar of the Charter Rolls]
  • - On 17 September, 6 Edward II (1312), Aymer de Valence and William le Waleys state that Robert de Pountdelarge (Pontlarge) used to hold the manor of Woolstrop, paying 10s annually to the manor of Barton, and suit of court there, and that after his death it came into the hand of Henry III, in whose seisin all services were ended. Henry enfeoffed William de Valence, Aymer's father, with the manor, together with the other lands belonging to Robert de Pountdelarge, to be held for no services, and William then enfeoffed William de Pountedelarge, whose heir William le Waleys is. The King's bailiffs of Barton are now distraining for the 10s and suit of court, contrary to William de Valence's charter of feoffment, and they request a remedy. They are to show King's Henry's charter to William de Valence for the aforesaid lands, and the charter by which the ancestors of William le Waleys were enfeoffed, as is claimed. And in the meantime the rolls and memoranda both of the Exchequer and of Chancery are to be examined for the King's right, and Queen Margaret's bailiffs of Barton are to be ordered to appear before the lieutenant of the Treasurer and the Barons of the Exchequer at the quinzaine of Michaelmas, to inform the court about the contents of the petition. [source: Rot. Parl., vol. I, p.311a]
  • - In 1319 Goldcliff Priory granted to William de Walleys of Llanwern a mill and some land in Goldcliff and 'Multon'. [source: The Gwent Levels: the evolution of a wetland landscape]
  • - William le Walsse was lord of Lanwaryn (Llanwern) and Dynas (Dinham), in 1321-22 (Cal. of Ancient Petitions Relating to Wales).
  • - In 1322, William le Walssh of Wolvesthorp (Woolstrop in Quedgeley) is cited among the men of Gloucester who were appointed to raise 1,500 footmen to be with the King at Coventry.
  • - In 1322, a William le Walsh was among the men appointed to raise 1,000 footmen in the land of Glamorgan, to be with the King at Coventry.
  • - In 1322, William le Walsh of Lanwaryn is cited by the Commission of oyer and terminer, along with Adam son of Robert le Walsh and William son of Robert le Walsh, on a complaint by William de Sancto Albino, prior of Goldeclyve (Goldcliff, co. Monmouth), in the Marches of Wales. (Cal. Pat. R. 1327-30).
  • - In 1324, a distraint was ordered, and the sheriff of Gloucester returned fourteen men who held lands in the bailiwick were eligible to become knights. Of those probably resident in the shire included William Walsh. William Walsh served as commissioner of array on two occasions, in 1322 and 1324. [source: Knights and Esquires, by Nigel Saul]
  • - In September, 1324, is a commission to Thomas le Botiller and William Walsh of Wolvestrop to select 800 foot archers in the forest of Dene, Berkeleyhirnes and elsewhere in the county of Gloucesterhire, and the said William to be their leader to Portesmuth.. and to go thence at the king's wages against the king of France, in the duchy of Aquitaine. [source: Calendar of the patent rolls preserved in the Public Record Office - 1324-1327].
  • - In an analysis of The 1327 Taxpayers of Medieval Gloucestershire is a William Walssh of Woolstrop (Wolvesthrop).
  • - In 1329 William le Walshe of Quedgeley, Gloucestershire, held Dinham, Chepstow, by half a Welsh knight's fee [Hist. MON. IV. 246]
  • - William le Walsshe of Wolvesthrop, dated 18 August, 3 Edward III (1329-30). A messuage and a carucate of land (extent given), held of the king in chief, and suit of court at Barton Kings. Andrew, his son and heir. [source: Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem. v. 7, no. 207, 1973 reprint; and, Esc. 3 Edward III, No. 29]
  • - William Waleys (Walsh), lord of Llanwern and Dinham in Netherwent, died circa 1329 (source: Cal. Pat . R. 1327-30, p. 120). About that time an order was given to take into the king's hand the lands late of William le Walsh of Wolvestrop (Co. Gloucestershire), deceased, tenant in chief. [source: Calendar of the Fine rolls; Edward II]
  • The inquisitions of the period (1319-1329) make it clear that William le Walsh who held Woolstrop (Glouc.) was the same man who held Llanwern and Dinan (Monmouth). [source: Thirteenth Century England X, by P. R. Coss, S. D. Lloyd, 2003]
  • - In 1330, an order was issued not to intermeddle further with the lands of William le Walssh of Wolvesthorp, deceased, as mentioned in the records to Simon de Bereford, escheator this side of Trent. William held no lands in chief at his death by reason whereof the custody of his lands ought to pertain to the king, but that he held divers lands of other lords by various services, and that Andrew le Walssh, his son, is his next heir and is of full age. [source: Calendar of the Close Rolls, 1898]
  • - In 1335, Andrew le Walshe is mentioned in the assignment of dower to Joan, wife of Thomas de Redeberwe, of Thomas' lands in Gloucester, and in the march of Wales [source: Calendar of the Close Rolls]. About the same time Andrew le Walsh of, or near, Quedesleye, Glouc. is mentioned in the Calendar of the Fine Rolls.
  • - An Andrew le Walssh (Walshe) of the county of Gloucester is mentioned in the Calendar of the Fine Rolls (v. 5, p. 519; and v.6, p. 272)
  • - Andrew le Walshe and Isabella his wife near Gloucester are mentioned, perhaps related to appurtenances of the Manor of Quedgeley which his father had acquired. [source: Transactions, v. 17; 1892]
  • - In an account of 1373-74 Ralph Walsh, lord of the manor of Woolstrop in Quedgeley (Gloucestershire), and of other manors in South Wales, is described as Thomas de Berkeley's receiver. Ralph held these (was Sheriff of Gloucester) in 1379-80, and 1383-84. Ralph Walsh represented Gloucestershire in parliament in October 1383 and was selected to fill the shrievalty on December 1 next. The Walsh family held Woolstrop (Gloucest.) and Llanwaryn and Dynan in South Wales. [sources: V.C.H. Gloucs., x. 218; Gloucs. Inqs. post Mortem, v, 226-7; Berkeley Castle, general series account rolls, account of William atte Nasche].
  • - Giles le Walshe was among those who swore an oath at a Gloucester inquisition in 1373. [source: Abstracts of Gloucestershire Inquisitiones Post Mortem]
  • - On 20 Richard II (1396-97), a Giles Walssh held an eighth part of a knight's fee at Wolvesthrop, of Sir Richard Talbot, knight, as heir of de Valence. [source: Calendar of inquisitions : Henry III, et al; v. 17]
  • - James, son and heir of Giles le Walshe, was enfeoffed, 8 Henry V (1420-21) in lands in Netheruge in Quedgley, by Lanthony prior: [source: Reg. Lanth. MSS. Prynne]
  • - Netheruge was held by the Walshe or Waleys family in the reign of Henry V. by the service of one knight's fee. [The history of the county of Gloucester; by Thomas Rudge, Robert Atkyns]
  • - Notes on deeds relating to the Welshe family and Netheruge (Netherugge), from 3 Edward I to 3 Henry VIII. Extracts from the Registers of the priors of Lanthony by Gloucester and other books relating to the tenure of Netheruge in Quedgeley by members of the Welshe family. [source: Bulletin of the John Rylands Library. v. 18, 1934]
  • - James Welshe held lands in Llanwern and Dinham, in the fifteenth century, as a later record suggests. [source: Proceedings of the Court of Requests]
  • - James Walssche, of the fifteenth century, is listed as father of William, and grandfather of Anthony, in later records related to the manor of Woolstrop.
  • - Richard, son of James Walshe pursued William Grevyle, serjeant-at-law, in Chancery Proceedings in 1504-15 for a messuage, garden, and fishing place in the Severn, parcel of the manor of Woolstrop, Gloucester. [source: Lists and Indexes, no. 29, v. 4; 1908]
  • - William Walshe pursued Thomas Hall in Chancery Proceedings in 1504-15 for farming his manor of Lawverne, co. Monmouth. [source: PRO, C1/371/81]
  • - William Walshe (of Netheruge) was son and heir of James in 1511. [source: Abstracts of records and manuscripts respecting the county of Gloucester; by Thomas Dudley Fosbroke]
  • - In the time of Henry VII-VIII, William Walshe and Jane, his wife, pursued Sir Walter Herbert in the court of requests, in regard to the manor of Dinham, Monmouth, and the manor of Stone, co. Kent. [source: Lists and Indexes, no. 21, 1906]
  • - In the first quarter of the 16th century, Cicely and William Welshe are mentioned in the Proceedings of the Court of Requests regarding lands in Llanwern and Dinham &c., late of James Welshe. Circa 1525, they are mentioned as Cicely Walsh and William Walsh in the same record regarding the manor of Walsthorp (Walsthrop), and manors of Llanwern and Dinham. Chancery proceedings suggest the latter was for the manor of Walsthorp, and one-third (a dower) of the manor of Llanwern and Dinham (co. Mon.).
  • - Another record is cites in the court of requests between David Jones and Cecily, his wife, and John Pawncefote, regarding the manor of Woolstrop in Gloucester. [source: Lists and Indexes, no. 21, 1906]
  • - William Walshe, Esq., died seized of 50 acres &c. called Netherigge (in Quedgley), held of the King as of his manor of Lanthony, near Gloucester. Anthony, his son and heir. [source: Esc., 30 Henry VIII, 1538-39]
  • - A feet of fines between Anthony Walssche, esquire, son and heir of William, son of James Walssche; and William, son and heir of John Huntley, and Richard Walsche; regarding a detention of deeds to land in the manor of Woolstrop in Quedgeley, Gloucester. [source: List of Colonial Office Records, no. 48; no. 50, 1963]
  • - An Anthony Welshe of Llanwarne and Dinham, Monmouthshire is also mentioned in Proceedings of the Court of Requests, sometime during the first half of the 16th century.
  • - In 1544, Anthony Walshe is listed in the muster of the army against France. for the county of Monmouth. [source: Letters and papers, foreign and domestic, of the reign of Henry VIII]
  • - In the time of Henry VIII (before 1548), Antony Welshe, gent., held a demesne in Quoddesley (Quedesely, or Quedgeley), Glouc., according to a suit in the Court of Star Chamber. [source: Gloucestershire Notes and Queries]
  • - Anthony Welshe (Welsh, Walshe), esquire, of Llanwern was high sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1546-47 (1548), and again in 1553-54 (1555). His arms are given as "Ermine, a bend sable." [source: Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales; v. 1; 1872]
  • - The arms of Anthony Welsh, sheriff of Monmouthshire in 38 Henry VIII, are described as "Azure six mullets, three, two, one, Or." (which seems to be an error, a confusion with the arms of Walsh, Welsh of Little Sodbury, Glouc.). [source: The History of the Worthies of England, v. 2, 1840]
  • - The Harley Charters note Christopher Welsh, son of Anthony (80 H 84), and he is styled of Lanwerne, co. Monmouth, his wife there being called Agnes (80 H 77). In 1553 Christopher Welsh of Lanwerne had a wife living named Anne. In 1558 Agnes, alias Anne, wife of Christopher Welsshe sealed with the arms of "Ermine, a bend sable." In 1569 Arnold Welshe, son of Christopher, is described of Llanwarryn (80 I 1). [source: Cymmrodorion record series; no. 4, pts. 3-4; 1908]
  • - Christopher Welshe of Llanwern, co. Monm., Esq., is described with a seal (1569) which used a shield of arms: a fess between three martlets, Welshe, Walsh. [source: Catalogue of Seals in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum]
  • - Christopher Welshe (Welsh, Walshe), esquire, of Llanwern, is cited as high sheriff of Monmouthshire in 1568-69 (1570), and again in 1575-76 (1577) [source; Annals and antiquities of the counties and county families of Wales]. His arms are given as "Ermine, a bend sable." [source: The Cambrian Journal, v.6, 1863]
  • - A feet of fines between ... Hilary. querent., and Arnold Welshe, esq., and Alice his wife, Antony Welshe, gen., and Arthur Welshe, gen., defendants, of the Manor of Netheridge. [source: Transactions, by Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, v. 17, 1892]


    Genealogical References
  • - Rowland Kemeys, of the Vaendre, High Sheriff of Monmouth 1575-76, secondly married Mary, daughter of Anthony Welsh, of Llanwern, and had issue. [Genealogical and heraldic history of the landed gentry, founded 1836 by John Burke and Sir Bernard Burke; v. 2]
  • - Henry Morgan (M.P. for Monmouthshire in 1601), eldest son of Henry Morgan of Llandaff and Penllwyn-Sarth, married Cecily (Cicely), daughter of Arnold Welsh of Llanwern (by Barbara, 3rd daughter of Sir Thos. Herbert of Wonastow). [source: The Parliamentary History of the Principality of Wales; by William Retlaw Williams; 1895]
  • - Anthony Welsh, of Llanwern, who married, in 1598, Elizabeth, daughter of William Morgan, of the Friars. [source: The description of Penbrokshire, no. 1, pt. 3. 1906]
  • - In the Jenkins family genealogy, a Thomas Lewis of Chepstow, killed at Banbury in 1469, was a son of Lewis, 1441, by Jane, daughter of Sir John Welsh of Llanwern. [source: Archaeologia Cambrensis; 1901]
  • - An LDS Ancestral File cites a Sir John Welsh, of Llan-Wern, Llebenydd, Monmouthshire, England, born about 1355?, with two daughters; Margred (married Reginald Fitz Herbert Fitz Peter; or Herbert Fitz Reginald Fitz Peter) and Cicely (married Jenkin ap Philip Morgan of Langston). The IGI also notes a Sir John Welsh of Llanwern, born about 1403.
  • - Cicely, daughter of Sir John Welsh, knight, married Jenkin ap Philip (Morgan) of Langston. [source: A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies..., 2nd edition, 1841]
  • - Margaret, daughter of Sir John Welsh, or Walsh, knight, married Reinold Fitz (Reginald ap) Peter, lord of Llantheol (Llanllowel, Monmouth). [source: Historical Notes of the Counties of Glamorgan, Carmarthen and Cardigan; and, Collins's peerage of England]
  • - Margaret, daughter of Sir John Welsh, Knight (ermine, a bend gules), married Herbert Fitz Peter and were parents of Adam FitzHerbert lord of Llanhowel. [source: Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society]
  • - Caradoc ap Jevan, married Alice, daughter of Sir John Welsh, Knt., of Llandewi, Glamorgan. [source: Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1901]
    Note: George Sandford gives an account of the family of Walsh (family of Benn-Walsh), of Llandewi, Radnorshire, which includes Lord Ormathwaite. [source: Montgomeryshire Coll., xxv. 73-80]


    The preceding article was compiled by Dennis J. Walsh, 2009


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