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Joshua Mersereau, Sr.
The Huguenot Refugee
1658-1756

The surname Mersereau was originally spelled Mercereau, and is of ancient French origin. After the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 and the persecustion of the Huguenots folling, there was a general exodus of the French Protestants. Secretly and by night, often n strange disguises, fraught with great suffering and beset by dangers on every side, they fled in great numbers to Switzerland, Germany and England, and not a few made their way to America. Among the latter was the widow of Captain John Mersereau, who with her three sons, Joshua, Paul and Daniel, and two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, fled to England in 1685. Of these children, Paul remained in England, the other four with their mother continued their flight to this country. Their father, a man of great force of character and energy, a son of General Joshua Mersereau, had died many years before. They intended to settle at Philadelphia, but were driven by stress of weather to New York and found a home on Staten Island. There the mother died, and was buried in the old French churchyard. Elizabeth married Pierre M___; Mary married John La Tourette, and was at Schenectady, New York, at the time of the massacre of 1690; her husband and children were slain and she was scalped and left for dead, but recovered and spent the rest of her life in the home of her elder Joshua, on Staten Island, wearing a cap to conceal the nakedness of her skull.

(II) Joshua, son of Captain John Mersereau, married July 16, 1693, Marie Chedaine. He resided on Staton Island and died there, May 23, 1756, aged ninety-three years. Children: Marie, Paul, Joshua, mentioned below; David.

(III) Joshua(2), son of Joshua(1) Mersereau, was born in New York City, May 18, 1696; married October 2?, 1727, Mary, daughter of Colonel Jacob Corsen, of Staten Island, born October 21, 1704, died July 28, 1763. Children (born at Staten Island): Joshua, mentioned below; Jacob, April 25, 1730; John, March 2, 1732; David, November 10, 1735; Cornelius, July 27, 1739; Paul, February 23, 1741; Elizabeth, November 26, 1743; Rachel, February 27, 1746.

(IV) Joshua, (3), son of Johsua (2) Mersereau, was born on Staten Island, New York, September 26, 1738, and died in Union, New York, June 10, 1804. He was educated at Kings College (now Columbia), and practiced law in New York City. He and his brother John ran the first line of stage coaches between New York and Philadelphia. John introduced the first postcoach into the country from England. When the revolution broke out the stages belonging to the brothers were stopped and the horses turned over to the American service for the army. Joshua assisted in raising a company for the Quebec expedition in the autumn of 1775. An edict issued from the british headquarters proclaimed John Mersereau a "Rebel," and set a price of five hundred guineas on his head, dead or alive. He was a member of the provincial assembly of New York state which met at Kinston and Poughkeepsie during 1777-86, representing Richmond county. He was also deputy commissary of prisoners, General Boudinot being his superior officer, with headquarters at Rutland, Massachusetts, and afterward at Elizabethtown, New Jersey. His service was continuous in various capacities throughout the war. His name appears in the Staten Island records of transfers of land from 1762 to 178?, and then with other soldiers he received a grant of land for his service in the western part of the state. After the war he removed with his family to Tioga county, New York, where he was one of the earliest judges. He married (first) Sophia La Grange, of French- Huguenot ancestry; (second) Ann Roome, of New York City, of Dutch descent; (third) Esther, widow of Richard Christopher. Children by first wife: Joshua, born 1758; John, 1760; Sophie. By second wife: Captain Lawrence, January 4, 1773, died January 24, 1873, married Hannah Christopher; Mary, mentioned below; Cornelius, born July 12, 1777.

(V) Mary, daughter of Joshua (3) Mersereau, was born on Staten Island, May 23, 1775, and died at Union, New York, May 1, 1855. She married (first) William Van Name, born January 15, 1763, died November 15, 1825, and removed to Union. She married (second) George Harper. Children by first husband (Van Name): Joshua, Cornelius, William, John, Mary, Hester, Ann, mentioned below; Hannah Pamelia, Catherine, Rachel and Elizabeth.

(VI) Ann, daughter of William and Mary (Mersereau) Van Name, was born September 6, 1795; married, December 25, 1815, Arthur Gray, Jr. (see Gray).

_____
William Richard Cutter. New York Genealogical and Family History of Central New York. Volume I. 1912.


The Descendants of Joshua Mersereau, Sr.
1658-1756

1-Joshua MERSEREAU, Sr.-[1745] b: 6 Jan 1657/58, Hiers, Saintonge, 
  Rochelle, France, d: 23 May 1756, Staten Island, Richmond, NY
+Marie CHADRAYNE-[1746] b: Bef 22 Mar 1675/76, Marennes, -, France, 
  d: Bef 23 Nov 1774, (French Church, Staten Island, NY)
|-----2-Marie MERSEREAU-[3308] b: 16 May 1695, Of Moise En 
|       Saintonge, France
|     +Jean LA TOURETTE-[3393] b: 6 Aug 1695, New York, New York, 
|       NY, d: 1794, Mariners Harbor, Staten I., Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-David LA TOURETTE-[4909] b: Bef 24 Apr 1726, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |     +Catherine POILLON-[6866] 
|     |-----3-Marie LA TOURETTE-[4912] b: Bef 8 Sep 1728, Menil La 
|     |       Cresson, Abbeville, Picardy, Fr
|     |-----3-Henricus LA TOURETTE-[4919] b: Bef 24 Jan 1730/31, 
|     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-John LA TOURETTE-[15210] b: 1734, d: 1783
|     |     +Susanna CHRISTOPHER-[15211] 
|     |     |-----4-Mary LA TOURETTE-[15212] b: 13 Jul 1759
|     |     |-----4-John LA TOURETTE-[15213] b: 21 Sep 1764
|     |-----3-Paul LA TOURETTE-[15216] b: 1738
|     |     +Sarah MERRILL-[15217] 
|     |     |-----4-John LA TOURETTE-[15218] 
|     |     |-----4-Elizabeth MERRILL-[15219] 
|     |-----3-Peter LA TOURETTE-[15223] b: 1742
|     |     +Abigail MERCEREAU-[15224] 
|     |-----3-Jacques LA TOURETTE-[15225] 
|     |-----3-Anthony LA TOURETTE-[5138] b: Bef 24 Jan 1729/30, 
|     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY
|-----2-Joshua MERSEREAU, Jr.-[1744] b: 18 May 1696, Staten Island, 
|       Richmond, NY, d: 9 Jul 1769, Staten Island, Richmond, NY
|     +Marytje CORSEN-[1703] b: 21 Oct 1704, Staten Island, 
|       Richmond, NY, d: 3 Jul 1763, Staten Island, Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-Judge Joshua MERSEREAU, Sr.-[3280] b: 26 Sep 1728, 
|     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY, d: 10 Jun 1804, Union, 
|     |       Tioga, NY
|     |     +Sophia LA GRANGE-[4870] b: Abt 1736, d: Abt 1765
|     |     |-----4-Joshua MERSEREAU, Jr.-[4945] b: 8 Jun 1759, 
|     |     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY, d: 20 Jan 1857, 
|     |     |       Tioga, PA
|     |     |-----4-John MERSEREAU-[4947] b: 1760, Staten Island, 
|     |     |       Richmond, NY
|     |     |-----4-Sophia MERSEREAU-[4948] b: 1765, Staten Island, 
|     |     |       Richmond, NY, d: , Union, Broome, NY
|     |     +Ann ROOME-[4943] b: Abt 1740, New York, New York, NY
|     |     |-----4-Lawrence MERSEREAU-[4950] b: 4 Jan 1732/33, New 
|     |     |       York, New York, NY, d: 24 Jan 1873, Union, 
|     |     |       Broome, NY
|     |     |-----4-Mary MERSEREAU-[4952] b: 23 May 1775, Staten 
|     |     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 1 May 1855, Union, 
|     |     |       Broome, NY
|     |     |-----4-Cornelius MERSEREAU-[4955] b: 12 Jul 1777, 
|     |     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY, d: 27 Apr 1856, 
|     |     |       Union, Broome, NY
|     |     +Esther GARRETSON-[4944] b: Abt 1740, Staten Island, 
|     |       Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-Colonel Jacob MERSEREAU-[378] b: 23 Apr 1730, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 7 Sep 1804, Willow Brook, 
|     |       Richmond, NY
|     |     +Fytje RAL-[379] b: Bef 26 May 1740, Bergen, Hudson, 
|     |       NJ, d: Bef 1779
|     |     |-----4-Mareja MERSEREAU-[1663] b: Bef 31 Oct 1756, 
|     |     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY
|     |     |-----4-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[1666] b: Abt 1757, Staten 
|     |     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |     |-----4-John MERSEREAU-[1665] b: 1758, Staten Island, 
|     |     |       Richmond, NY, d: 1826
|     |     |-----4-Sophia MERSEREAU-[1668] b: 28 Nov 1761, Staten 
|     |     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 20 Feb 1858, 
|     |     |       Northfield, Richmond, NY
|     |     +Charity DE GROOT-[1756] b: Bef 25 Jul 1758, Castleton, 
|     |       Richmond, NY, d: , Willow Brook, Richmond, NY
|     |     |-----4-Jacob MERSEREAU-[1758] b: 13 Oct 1782, Staten 
|     |     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 1846
|     |     |-----4-David MERSEREAU-[1757] b: 6 Apr 1784, Staten 
|     |     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |     |-----4-Peter MERSEREAU-[1760] b: 6 Jul 1788, Willow 
|     |     |       Brook, Richmond, NY, d: 2 Jun 1879, Willow 
|     |     |       Brook, Richmond, NY
|     |     |-----4-Gerritt MERSEREAU-[1761] b: 1790
|     |     |-----4-Carissa MERSEREAU-[1762] b: 1792
|     |     |-----4-Alfred MERSEREAU-[4613] b: Abt 1800, Willow 
|     |     |       Brook, Richmond, NY, d: 6 Apr 1881, Willow 
|     |     |       Brook, Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-John MERCEREAU-[3281] b: 2 Mar 1731/32, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 21 Feb 1820, Union, Broome, 
|     |       NY
|     |     +Maria PRALL-[3285] b: 19 Oct 1734, d: 25 Feb 1770
|     |     |-----4-Maria MERSEREAU-[3291] b: Bef 1 Jan 1760, 
|     |     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY, d: 1763
|     |     |-----4-Joshua MERSEREAU-[3292] b: 27 Oct 1762, 
|     |     |       Woodbridge, Middlesex, NJ, d: 1805
|     |     |-----4-Mary MERSEREAU-[3293] b: 28 Feb 1765, d: 6 Nov 
|     |     |       1766
|     |     |-----4-Abraham MERSEREAU-[3294] b: 18 Feb 1767, d: 5 
|     |     |       Nov 1811
|     |     |-----4-John MERSEREAU-[3295] b: 18 Feb 1767
|     |     |-----4-Allada MERSEREAU-[3290] b: Bef 9 Oct 1768, 
|     |     |       Staten Island, Richmond, NY, d: 9 Mar 1804
|     |     +Barbary VAN PELT-[3296] b: 19 Oct 1752, -, -, NJ, d: 
|     |       10 Mar 1847
|     |     |-----4-David MERSEREAU-[3286] b: 19 Apr 1774, d: 23 
|     |     |       Jan 1793
|     |     |-----4-Israel Putnum MERSEREAU-[3287] b: 19 Mar 1776, 
|     |     |       d: 1858
|     |     |-----4-Peter MERSEREAU-[3289] b: 31 Aug 1779, -, -, 
|     |     |       NJ, d: 10 Dec 1855
|     |-----3-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[3282] b: 4 Jan 1733/34, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 2 Mar 1735/36, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-David MERSEREAU-[3466] b: 10 Nov 1735, Staten Island, 
|     |       Richmond, NY, d: 19 Jul 1763
|     |-----3-Mary MERSEREAU-[3467] b: 14 Jan 1737/38, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |     +Simon VAN NAME-[5185] 
|     |     |-----4-Aaron VAN NAME-[5188] 
|     |     |-----4-Simon VAN NAME-[5189] 
|     |     |-----4-Rachel VAN NAME-[5190] 
|     |     |-----4-Elizabeth VAN NAME-[5191] 
|     |     |-----4-William VAN NAME-[5192] 
|     |     |-----4-Joshua VAN NAME-[5193] 
|     |     |-----4-Polly VAN NAME-[5194] 
|     |     |-----4-Sophie VAN NAME-[5195] 
|     |     |-----4-Lockie VAN NAME-[5196] 
|     |     |-----4-Hannah VAN NAME-[5197] 
|     |     |-----4-David VAN NAME-[5198] b: 24 Apr 1774
|     |     |-----4-John VAN NAME-[5199] 
|     |-----3-Cornelius MERSEREAU-[3469] b: 27 Jul 1739, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 27 Jul 1814
|     |     + 
|     |     |-----4-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[4958] d: 16 Nov 1781
|     |-----3-Paulus MERSEREAU-[3283] b: 23 Feb 1740/41, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 26 Jan 1823
|     |     +Elizabeth Weston BARNES-[3470] b: 21 Apr 1751, d: 26 
|     |       May 1833
|     |     |-----4-Joshua MERSEREAU-[3471] b: 7 Feb 1773, d: 7 Mar 
|     |     |       1847
|     |     |-----4-Nancy MERSEREAU-[3472] b: 4 Apr 1775, d: 30 Nov 
|     |     |       1851
|     |     |-----4-Mary MERSEREAU-[3473] b: 2 Feb 1777, d: 6 Jun 
|     |     |       1858
|     |     |-----4-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[3474] b: 20 Jun 1779, d: 8 
|     |     |       May 1855
|     |     |-----4-Rachel MERSEREAU-[3475] b: 30 Jun 1781, d: 23 
|     |     |       Feb 1863
|     |     |-----4-Paul MERSEREAU-[3476] b: 14 Mar 1784, d: 21 Jul 
|     |     |       1856
|     |     |-----4-Margaret MERSEREAU-[3477] b: 27 Mar 1787
|     |     |-----4-Gertrude MERSEREAU-[3478] b: 30 Nov 1789
|     |-----3-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[3468] b: 27 Feb 1742/43, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 1816
|     |     +John LA GRANGE-[4589] b: 1733, d: 1798, (Endicott, 
|     |       Broome, NY)
|     |-----3-Rachel MERSEREAU-[3284] b: 27 Feb 1745/46, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY, d: 9 Jul 1769
|           +Abram HARRIS-[4960] 
|-----2-Paul MERSEREAU-[3309] b: Abt 1694, d: Bef 10 Dec 1777
|     +Judith BODINE-[3651] b: 8 Jul 1693, -, -, France, d: 16 Sep 
|       1767, Staten Island, Richmond, NY
|-----2-Martha MERSEREAU-[15828] 
|-----2-Johanes MERSEREAU-[3312] d: 4 Dec 1774
|     +Elizabeth CREAGE-[3313] d: Aft 8 Jan 1766
|     |-----3-Daniel MERSEREAU-[4282] b: Bef 18 Jul 1731, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |     +Cornelia VANDERBILT-[5141] 
|     |     |-----4-John MERSEREAU-[5142] b: Bef 4 Mar 1759, Staten 
|     |     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-Joshua MERSEREAU-[4283] b: Bef 28 Feb 1730/31, Staten 
|     |       Island, Richmond, NY
|     |-----3-Reverend John MERSEREAU-[4284] 
|     |-----3-Peter MERSEREAU-[3314] b: 1741, d: 1803
|           +Rebecca LAKE-[3315] b: 1746, d: 1827
|           |-----4-Ann MERSEREAU-[3316] b: 22 Jan 1794, d: 17 Apr 
|           |       1813
|-----2-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[15976] 
|     +John MERSEREAU-[14298] b: Abt 1698, d: Abt 1774
|     |-----3-John MERSEREAU-[25734] b: 1735, d: , -, -, Canada
|           +Gertrude VAN HORN-[25736] 
|           |-----4-John MERSEREAU-[32257] b: 1757
|           |-----4-Jacob MERSEREAU-[32258] b: 1758
|           |-----4-Lawrence MERSEREAU-[32259] b: 1761
|           |-----4-Andrew MERSEREAU-[32260] b: 1764
|-----2-David MERSEREAU-[3310] b: Abt 1697, Staten Island, 
|       Richmond, NY, d: Bef 6 May 1786, Staten Island, Richmond, 
|       NY
|     +Ann GRANGER-[3652] 
|     |-----3-Mary MERSEREAU-[4961] 
|     |-----3-Martha MERSEREAU-[4962] 
|     |-----3-Sarah MERSEREAU-[4963] 
|     |-----3-Nancy MERSEREAU-[4964] 
|     +Bathsheba LEWIS-[3311] d: Bef 7 May 1764
|     +Elizabeth PERINE-[3653] 
|     |-----3-David MERSEREAU-[4965] b: 1769, Staten Island, 
|     |       Richmond, NY, d: Apr 1835, (Port Richmond, Richmond, 
|     |       NY)
|     |     +Cornelia ROFF-[4966] 
|     |     +Maria BENNETT-[4967] 
|     |-----3-Daniel MERSEREAU-[4968] b: 12 Feb 1772, d: 3 Feb 1845
|     |-----3-Peter MERSEREAU-[4969] b: , Staten Island, Richmond, 
|     |       NY, d: , At Sea
|     |     +Sophia JOHNSON-[4970] 
|     |-----3-Elizabeth MERSEREAU-[4971] 
|     |     +_____ DECKER-[4972] 
|     |-----3-Jude MERSEREAU-[4973] 
|     |     +_____ HOUSEMAN-[4974] 
|     |-----3-Margaret MERSEREAU-[4975] 
|           +_____ POST-[4976] 
|-----2-Henricus MERSEREAU-[15975]